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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 12, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-03-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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WRATH. . Hl,.iSAlT,j
! March V 19t l.at tweatjr
, r hmtr' Rslr.fi. 1 1 7v Temp.1
Mln.Uri Mar, 17, (Weather.
f rloJi;. ii 'X in
Cents DoOan
M Cestrtfogals K. T. pevlK fto
Fries, Hawaiian basis-.. COM 118044
f4Mt previous quota
tion . tUAM
sm soy SETS
1' !" ! i.L "' I Jl- 1 -'1 I l I I I I " l Will', l l i-
' i- ) ' r " " ',
British . Activities South of St.
Qilentin Are. First Reported tn
Successful Rid and Repulse
of Enemy .Attack
Americans' and French
show brilliant form
Efforts of 'Austnj-Germans To
Cross Piave Are Thwarted and
Italian : Air ; Squadron Does
Valuable Work
(Associated Press)
Successful rajd by British,
l-'rencli and American forces on
Sunday and Monday and repulses
'i ue Atistri-uermans in ineir ;
t-rt'orts to cross the,' Piave River f
werf told in the war despatches of
yesterday and last nfght. These
include an official, despatch from
'London ,')iriitti; cilW, fofhef.: first
time, of4JrKh acu uy on the
Hiro wrmth nf lft t Kien'in atthough
" If 1 tiao 'jjEw Hi JyVefoTted
there wcrethtjavy British forces
tlierev',- ' .' ',' -
Southerly " rroiii $t. Quentin
yesterday the British successfutly
raided . a sect?6n ; , of German
trenches and inflicted a heavy
loss in killed, wounded. and prit;
oners besides capturing a number
of machine guns.
Northwest of La Basse an enemy
I arty sought to approach the Bri
tish lines and was driven back by
a concentrated artillery and rifle
lire which caused them to flee in
Amarlcuu tn lUid
American troops in eoopvrutioa with
the Freueli earr'nd out a brilliant of
Feasiva atoveineat Suoday it a aerieit
of three raid oppoiita an Amrrirao
Hector in Ixrrain.
OuBliiujf forward under cover of an
intense tiarrajje fire from Amrriran
KunH tiie Americanit mvept th Orrnian
out of their flmt line trenches sad pen
etrated ixty yardi into the Mteond Una.
In the (lennn treuchea wer found
concrete duRouta which were dyna
mited. Much mnterial and many paper
wore xeixed.
The AmeritniiH remained in the Uer
man linen forty-fire minutei before re
tiring to their own poaitinn. Heavy
canualtiea were inflict. I ou the Clcr
mnna by the American gas ahelln.
The American casualty lint aa made
public yeaterduy reveal the death of
nineteen men killed in aetioa in Prance,
nnd twenty-five wounded, four of
nbom nubnoquently died. Ki(bt deatha
trom diaeaee were also reported by
(leneral 1'erahine;.
Among thoae killed waa Capt. Harry
Melleny, who fell while leading hia
men ou a raid.
Airplane -aeeideata took t toll of
three, 'Meat. Frank Montgomery, An
drew HkftRga and Iao Uarvla being
killed ia France," while Lieut. William
Terrell wua Injured. -
Meut. Arthur Ward died from par
ulyuia. HepuUe of the A uatro German forcea
in tin effort to cro the Piave River
waa told from Rome. The Tort waa
made oppoalte Fagare but the well di
rected rifle, machine gun and artillery
fire of the Italiuna ahattered the rafta
anil boata that - were being' ad for
I'ontooiiN and decimated the ranks of
the foreca on the oppoaite bank,
Italian ie aquadrnna conducted an
effective and powerful raid On Auatro i
(iermun poaitiona behind the linen, sue
eeHHfully xnetruted the air defenaea
of the enemy anil dropped SeVen toua
of exploaivea on a number of impor
ting object ivea, rsuatng a enuaideruble
diunago to the enemy.
N'aiileH hi today Hubjeetftd to Inten-
ive bonihiug hy.Auatriaa aeroplanea,
which flew over the city, dropping
tnenty bomba in the residential qunr
tern. He vera I of the bomba struck a
hospital aud aevea of the ovCupauts
nure victima.
WAR MAP OF THE HOLY LANDJhe Britiih line, which It advancing almost daily, now
, , runs from th River Jordan, jutt north of Jericho, to the shores of the Mediterranean, at a
point tome twenty miles north of Joppa (Jaffa). The main fighting of the past two weeks has been
along the Jerusalem-Nabulus, between the latter piint and Ludd.
., . . ; .. :
-' la sf
. $ KjfTm jfisbs&ii y
' i JgS5 V
t$ J -4 -J9 ' 1 ;..r .
Measure As Introduced Gives To Executive!
Almost1 Autocratic Powers In .Conduct of
War Affairs and Expenditures ;
WASHINGTON, March 12 (Aao
ciated I'reaa) I'reaident Wilson today
requested leadera of both houses of
eongreaa to aeeure if poaaible the pna
aage of the Overman Bill in the form
ia which it waa originally presented.
The Overman Bill waa introduced in
the aenate on February by Senator
Overman, to whom, it waa handed by
Poetuuuiter General Burleson. It ia
strictly ait .administration measure and
waa presented aa the Preaident 'a pref
erence over the billa prepared by the
senate committee on military affairs
creating a war cabinet and a purchas
t n k representative. The text of the
bill as introduced by Henator Overman
is as follows:
"A bill authorizing the Preaident to
coordinate nnd consolidate the execu
tive bureaus, agenniee, officers and for
other purposes in the interest of econ
nniy aud mure effective administration
of the government.
"Hection 1. That, for the national
security aud defense, for the successful
prosecution of the war for the support
and mainteounee of the army and navy,
for the better utilisation of. resources
and industries, and for the more effect
ive exereiae snd more efficient admin
istratiou by the Preaident of his pow
ers aa commander in-ckief of the land
and naval forces, the Preaident Is here
by authorised nnd empowered to make
such redistribution of funetiona among
executive agencies aa he may deem nee
OKsary, including any functions, duties
and powers hitherto by law conferred
upon any executive department, com
mission, bureau, agency, office or offi
cer In such manner hs in hia judgement
shall seem best fitted to carry out the
purposes of thin act and to this end ia
authorised to make such regulations
and to iaaue such orders aa be may
deem necessary; Provided, that this
act shall remain In force during the
continuance of the preaent war and for
one year after the termination of the
war by proclamation of the treaty of
peaee, or at auch earlier time during
the said year aa the President may dee
j j i ji jt jt ji . 'ji ji ji
iKnute, snd, provided, further, that the
termination of this act ahall not affect
any acta doae or any right or oblige
tion arc ruing or accrued pursuant to
this act and during the time that this
act ia in force. fc
"Hection jl. Tlial In carrying out the
purpose tf IhlS aet, the President ia
autorixe In auck Basnuer aa he may
leebi moat appropriate, to coordinate or
consolidate say legislative commissions,
bureaus, agencies, office or officers, to
transfer any dutiea Or powers from one
existing department, couimiasiou, bu
renu agency, office ' Or officer to an
otliet, to traoafer the personnel there
of or ny part of It, either by detail or
assignment, together fVith the whole or
aay 'part of the records and public
property belonging thereto, and to em
ploy , try executive order any additional
agonejr or agencies sad to vest therein
tbe.perfdrmance of loch function aa he
muy deesi appropriate.
"Section S. That for the purpose of
carrying out the provisions of this act
any moneys heretofore and hereafter
appropriated for the use of any execa
five department, commission, bureau,
agency, offier or officer, shall be avail
able for the 'purposes for which it was
appropriated under the directiou of
such other agency and msy be directed
by the President hereunder to perform
aud execute said function.
"Section 1. That during the time
this act ia in force, ail restrictions iu
any existing law creating any execu
tive department, commission, bureau,
agency, office or officer, or defining the
duties there of, shall be deemed to be
suspended to the extent that they may
be inconsistent with the exercise of the
authority here conferred."
It liu been expected a compromise
measure would be passed. On the In
traduction of the Overman Bill much
opposition to the broad scope of it and
the drastic powsrs it gave to the Prorf
dent wss voiced, especially by Repub
Mean members, though many Democrats
in the senate lined up with the Hepub
llcaus oo the iaaue.
Wisconsin Socialist Leader
Indicted and McGovern Re
tires For Lenroot
WASHINGTON, March 12 (Aasoci
ated Press) In. Ii' led in Chicago on
Saturday as a remilt of investigations
by the dYpu rt nient of juatice, Victor
I.. Berger, first Sorinlist to ait in eon
grcss mid an avowed candidate for the
seinitorship--ot Wiseoiiain, aaaerts the
action of the federal- grand jury ia u
part of u plot to injure hia candidacy
for the senate This is reported in
despatches which have been received
from Washington which said he pub
licly announced Ins candidacy for, the
senate which olli.e it has been pub
lished previously in the press he was
Race Is Simplified
Kx Governor Meliovern withdrew his
candidacy for the Republican nomina
tion for senator of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
messages said. He retires in favor of
Lenroot. He said he believed the indict
ment of Herder eliminated him from
further consideration and he was con
fident the Socialists would aupport
Thompson, l.aFollette ' candidate, thus
insuring the Humiliation of Lenroot and
Thoinpaou at the primaries.
The department of justice snd the
postoftlce department are now having
more trouble with the Socialists, I.
W. W. Biol the Pacifists than they
are huving with the Germau press. It
waa in connect nni with such trouble
ami uudot the IJHpionuge Act that Bcr
ger was indicted.
Five Are Indicted
In Chicago on Saturday the grand
jury returned true bills against Victor
L. Berger, Adolph tieruian, secretary
of the Socialist party, Louis Eugdulil,
editor of the American Socialist, Wil
liam Kruse, I it ir of the Young. Peo
ple's Boclallst innguyiue and Rev. St.
John Tucker, another prominent 8o
ciuliat. They are charged with con
spiring to interfere with the conduct
of the war bv the circulation of pam
phlets aud articles and by epeeehes de
nounciiie; the entry of the ' I'uited
States into the war and the pplicirs
which led to that action and those uu
tier which the war is tieiug eouductcd.
Berger "as a candidate for the I'll it
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1)
People Is Extended
Advances In Mesopotamia and tn
Palestine Carry Turco-Ger-mans
Before Them and Sweep
Resistance Aside
LONDON, March 1 1' (Associated
Press) Reports of further substantial
progress came from the Near tlast yes
terday, from both Palestine and Vie
soK)tamla, where the British have been
making steady progress for the past
From bis headquarters at Bagdad,
Lieutenant (leneral Marslinll reports
that the expedition proceeding north
west up the Kuphrntes hae advanced
still further from Hit and that the
Turks have withdrawn entirely from
this front to new positions twenty two
miles np the river, to near Haditah.
At this point the caravan trail from
Wady Hauran touches the river valley
Thie portion of the Tureo German
army is now completely out of touch
with any other command snd has but
the one line of retreat open, this hlng
along the Kuphrstes Valley to Aleppo.
The valley is bounded by impassable
deserts both north and south. '
General Allenby advanced along a
twelve sails front yesterday, clearing
the Turks out of a number of positions
to a depth of a mile and three-quarters.
The Turkish defense in Palestine,
which had stiffened greatly after the
fall of Jerusalem, appears to be again
falling to pieee and the British are
advancing ms rapidly aa they are able
to bring up their supplies and maintain
their lines of communication.
' " '
Senate Approves Plan To Allow
Only Citizens To Purchase
Enemy Allen Property
WASHINGTON, March 11 Asao I
ciated Prees)-Ta senate today by
v ote of thirty three to twenty-eight I
accepted an amendment to the urgent
deficiency measure by which Germau
property in the United States will he
sold onlw. to Americans.
The senats also tentatively accent
ed, without taking a record of the t
vote, an amendment authorising Preoi I
.lent Wilson to acquire title to the
North Uerman Lloyd and Hamburg
American des ks and piers at New
York. j
No Foreign Nations To Be Given
Foothold On Soil
s.N FRANCISCO, Mareh 12 f Asso
ciated Press) Mexico does aot intend
to cede to Japan or any other Power a
foothold in the Mexican Republic, de
dares Colonel Romero, the Mexican
plenipotentiary accredited to Washing
ton, who arrived here yesterday en
route to his home, on vacation. The
envoy denies that there ia any truth
whatever in the report that the Mexi
ran consular agents who recently sailed
from this port for Japan are delegated
with any power to ewter into a new
treaty with the Japanese.
"There is only the best of feeling
now between Mexico and the t'nited
stBtes, ' ' he says.
-I f
WASHINGTON, March 12 (Assoc!
ted Press) Nr issuea of half a bil
lion dollars in treasury oertiftcates
were announced by Secretary of Treaa
ury McAdoo yesterday preparatory to
the next Liberty Loan isaue. The' cer
tificates will bear interest at the rate
of four anil a half percent.
The secretary said that only half of
the banks of the country subscribed to
the last iaaue of treasury certificates
MADRID, Spain, March 11 - (Asso
ciated Press) Premier Alhucemas has
yielded to the aolicitstions of King
Alfonso, and will continue in office. It
is understood the cabinet will remain
Does Not Urge Against Signing f
of Peace Treaty Though IWes-
sage May Be So Interpreted
Regrets German influences Have 5
Thrust Back Struggle of
People For Their Liberties S
WASHINGTON, March 1 2 (Associated Press) On the eve of
the gathering in Moscow of the Russian congress of Soviets
which is to pass judgement on and to ratify or decline the Ger
man made peace which the Bolsheviki delegates accepted at the
peace conference in Brest Litovsk. President Wilson this mornina
cabled a message of sympathy to the Russian people through its.;'
congress with the pledge extended that the United States will avail '
itself of every opportunity to aid the Russians in driving out auto-' ;
cracy and in restoring Russia to her place in the world. - t ' --'-V 'Q
The United States does not now recognize', any povemmentinw ' -Russia
but the President cabled his message to the American con- 1
sut at Moscow who. js instructed to deliver it to the Russian coiv'.'
gress vtomftmtiLfrH-
'Trllsi9thUilitt'h'Qd'-vkch f-rtaint i...oc;i has
sent to .Russia, since, thai country, under " the " leadership of "tr.a y "1
Bolshevikf deserted the cause of the Allies and sought to negotiate
a separate peatd wlt&lhe Central Powers ' r;- ' :, :
The President does not urge the Soviets to reject the peaee
treaty although the dellyery of his kindly message at this time may -be
interpreted by the Russians as suggesting such a course.
The following is the text of President Wilson's message to the ,
Russian people through the congress of the soviets as it was tele
graphed to the American consul at Moscow: :
"May I not take advantage of this meeting of the Russian" v
congress of Soviets to express the sincere sympathy; which the1 '
people of the United States feel for the people of Russia at this
time when German power has been thrust in to interrupt and to"
turn back the whole struggle for freedom .and to substitute theC
wishes of Germany for the purposes of the people of Russia, v
"Although the government of the United Statesi unhappily, Is
not now in a position to render the direct and effective aid it would
wish to render, I beg to assure the people of Russia through tha ;
congress of Soviets that it will avail itself of every opportunity to
secure for Russia once more complete sovereignty and Independ
ence in her own affairs and the full restoration to her of her great
role in the life of Europe and of the modern world.
"The whole heart of the people of the United States is with
the Russian people in their attempt to free themselves forever from
autocratic government and to become the masters of their own
life and their destinies." r
War Department Believes Less
Announcement Advisable
WASHINGTON, March 12 -(Asso
ciated Press) Adoptiou of the Kuro
pea 11 plau of publishing lists of casual
ties only at monthly or semi monthly
intervals is being seriously considered
bv the war department it was learned
last night. In this connection the plan
is to publish merely lists of names
without references to regiments, home
addresses or other menus of identifies
tiou which might convey information
to the enemy as to the location of van
ous American units.
It is considered this would better
conceal filets which it la considered bv
the Allies well to couceal and meet the
expressed wishes of French lender. In
liencrul Pershing when they criticised
the methods of announcement Unit nic
now being made iu the United State
WASHINGTON, March I.I (A -so
,uited Press) Food Ailnfi nist i utor
llunvcr toduy signified approval of the
In. al food board's decision to suspend
fur one day fifty seveu restaurants
winch had been found guiltv of x mini
me, the beefleaa and porklcss ordei- i
siie l bv i he administrator.
Letter Says Unless Granted Re
ceiverships Will Follow
WASHINGTON," ; Mareh 13-(Aaso.
ciated Press) Comptroller Williams
yesterday made public?- Mter which
was written to the" Interstate Com
merce Commission in reference to th
proposed fifteen pereetit increase in
freight rates for the railroads received
at the time the hearings were n pro
gress. This letter asserts that unless
the increase asked shall ba granted
hundreds of railroads would have tor
ajiplv for the appointment of receivers,
t uder such circumstances, the letter as
serts, the bnnka of the country and
other security holders would be seri
ously affected and would lose heavily.
It pointed out the danger of a critical
situation which might approach panic
No decision has aa yet been rendere.1
bv the commiasion.
W ASHINGTON, March II (Aasoci.
ated Press) Attempt of the railroad
to recover 40,(HK),000 under the old
system of weight compensation for
transportation of the mails was defeat-,
ed todav, the supreme court denying
tlu ir claims.

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