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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 15, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-03-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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-APR U 1918
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(Mi PpUmi
tr. a tvi ATnta bureao,
March 14, llMrt tlv
four hours' t Baiafalt i 0.72.
Temp.. ,ltn. ', B) ..Ma. 1 7".
M CcntrifDirala IT. T. ydTh. pWM
t'rieo, Hwn bidt.. 6.00S tlflait
I.Mt prcriooi quo ta
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VOL I.rf. NO. v 22:
- m . v.i y i rr- .mr 1 1 ia r r m art t wis- aaw x w r a r . r a f-.-fA. i- i
Ul.. .uiu.J Hli uL
. ' r: '. V"-. '.'i't '
ino natter"
What fprtOrgb
. win oe
Dutch and Neutral Shipping Which
Is Now Lying -Idle
lirASHINTON, March 15
fVJ4-,the. neutrals of Northern EurojSe may lie mhuod hy Ktarva-'.tneahi,' Feraia, and Byria Vow faee ,ow immeiUatly or soon after the AJl
tioh to a point where they will become politically an.l economically1 15 trvation ha been received BuiM ,,0t', wh;' wi" oiK"0yiu
dependent upon Germany, that nation has now entered ,on a .new:, la atdrreuinr-rin dipiom.tie
and a Wldei1 campaign of ruthless warfare Upon shipping. The plan from "United State MUiater John L. ! rlTri' ' a may yet rejeet the
i. to. destroy all .hipping, neutral or Allied, irrespective its cargo, C.le.1 ,t Teher.n tijed i today , eUvTa, 11" XlS
or destination and irt Spite of the pledges given in some instances I?-!?? "y ,hP "ute 'l-rtment, , r0Bfrt,.e hv (innrm
to the neutral governments.
Such is. the chafce officiallv
day by the war trade board, the
I-, numoer ot recent incments. .
". .w..
tn" accordance with a deliberate plan, directed against Norway,
Swedert, Denmaj Holland and bwitaeriand, tiermany is attempt
ing to prevent supplies of any kind reaching those countries, even
from other neutral countries, and is sinking ships of all flags wher
ever found. The intention is, says the war trade loard, to impress
these neutrals with, the fact that they must look to (lermany alone
for assistance, because the Entente or the United States, because of
the German submarine blockade, cannot help them.
Incidents are related of the destruction of provision ships bound
for the Netherlands. and of shipi carrying supplies for Belgian relief.
ViH ease toia in oetau acau wun
man sumarlnif i Spanish ship,
r a -"rt.:' ' u:-.-.
air pntwiiiwr inisfiup .yu(tr" s,us "' w-y?"J'
. . eyen after the Gefman tbmarine Captam hid boarded iho. Sardinero Mnfrregatdailjr ratiailA.iiifeuM
-w-wwibwinir pvpMPhwirieM ihv,fTda;:Jr
..-argp:.WaTa wanton; ct of hostilty toward' both Switierland and i--f "-V
' Spain? ' :J . ' i
'iTflf AUlej MV guaranteed to furnish Switzerland with 240,000
Ions of cereals,sWnung that the safe conduct pledged to such ship
ments by tJefmanyWouId be respected, the German proclamation
regarding thU being explicit. It is evident now that Germany will
make. eVery ' ftort. to 'prevent the carrying out of their pledge by
tfie ..Allies, ifeardiss' of the fact that the promised grain is to be
shipped in neutral oottoms and regardless of the pressing necessi
ties of 'the Swiss. '" . k ) k f Q
If necessary the United States and the Allies may commandeer
a million tons o( Dutch and other neutral merchant shipping. It is
hoped that thft offer of grain in exchange for the use of the vessels
will satisfy and the" Dutch and other neutrals will enter on the agree
ment under which such vessels will traverse the danger rone. Other
wise the taking over of the vessels lying idle in port, fully compen
sating the owners for them may be undertaken. It is reported that
the United States and Gre"at Britain have notified the Netherland
government that unless its proposals are accepted by next Monday
this country will fake over shipping, which is available.
In all of the Atlantic ports there are numbers of neutral vessels,
especially Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish merchantmen that have
King been lying idle. They seek charters for voyages to South
American countries and to ports which do not carry them on a voy
age through the danger zone. The Kmbargo Law has also held
vessels in port. These merchantmen it is the purpose of the Uni
ted States to secure and utilize for needed transportation purposes.
I guidon despatches said that such vessels of the neutrals as
might be taken over by Great Britain will be insured, armed with
rapid tire and larger guns and supplied with gun crews and any
of tl'ose sunk would be replaced by the Allies after the wax or the
owners compensated for the loss as they would lc compensated for
the service of their vessels while in use.
It was announced today that the meat exports from the United
States to the Eutbrieau'V Allies will be increased by fifty percent
tinder a plan arranged b'y the Hoover food administration and repre
sentatives o 'the Allied countries.
The arrangement is that the Allies will furnish ships to cany
the surplus meat of (he United States.
Merchant marine losses of vessels of the larger type were at a
minimum for both 'France and Italy last week. Neither of the-e
ialions lost any steamers. of more than 1500 tons burden. I'aris
reported the loss of four vessels of a smaller type and Rome re
ported the Italian- losses were two of under 1500 tons registry.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 14 (Asso
elated Press) Lieutenant Sauerbeck,
former navigating oSicer of tho German
gunboat drier, interned at Honolulu,
was again on the witness stand in the
Hindu conspiracy caae today.
Sauerbeck, who broke hi parole
while interned but was later apprehen
ded, testified today that he surrendered
voluntarily. He said he had no know I
clue that u presidential warraul was
out for his internment. ''THe admitted
that be conducted aa Investigation, at
rla2,riay rly Nor To!tt"11 nfn"r'' rm,pi"i hy
Is Destined Policy ii
(Associated Press)
In rrlr that
. .
made in a statement issued vester-
charge being backed ly
recital of
me recent destruction uy a vjer-
the Sardinero, loaded with grain'.
ZV vi Z-
the request of the German embassy in
Washington, into the movements of (lie
Japanese cruiser Anaiiiu, which went
ashore at Turtle May, Lower California.
hhorHv after the outbreak of the sat.
He said today that he hud burued
the correspondence he hail with ('apt.
Hov K.I of the embassy.
WASHINGTON, March 14 (Asso
einted I'.ress) The senate military
committee today disapproved iunani
uuusly legislation to repeal the law
giving extra pay to the American avla
tors. Both Geu. Pershing and Secre
tary of WW Baker have reeommeuded
that this extra ay be stricken ot of
the omnibus bill.
In Country Evacuated By Russia
They Set Fire To City When
..Ottomans Approach I
'.LONDON, Moroh IS (
JPrMd) An official Turkish )ctch I
nnoanfl that Armenia in the
alana are resiotlnn the advanr of the :
Torka, moving in to rtwroupy the Hit-
Ltrirta from which the BolBheviki have.
withdrawn thrir troonn. Tha Arm-1
nlana in Fzcriihi mvi thi Tnrkiuh .m. '
- '"e ,i.y at the ap- '
Iproarh of the T.irka in an attempt to
aearroy n. i ne i uru minHBM to an .
tar tlMve.Hy
in time to extinguiitli the
l.t. OKKi March 1 Information
tP ,HKt,n00 penionl in Turkey, Ar
I 'Beairara multii.lv and hundred.'
,,,.r.oe," piteonaiy eryiag for
.. .1 tm ; ,k' .!....,: i
,BU)tlne tboae beneeched. Similar '
eotiilitiona are reportel from all
4 area and eitiea of Persia."
Aeeording to (.'harlea E. Yickey, aee-
Ttary of th Armenian relief commit
tee' here, eohditiona are expected to
frow worae before the harvest, which
is not due for four or five month.
The rapture 4f Jerusalem by the Brit- '
iah, Mr. Vie.ker Haiil, enabled the
Americas committee to feed fifl.OOO ref
ugees la the holy city and the advance
of the allied forcea haa improved con- '
ditiom ia loUthitrn Palestine. I
"There -are-960,000 Armenian refu-I
geea In the Buaaian faucaaua," saiil
Mr. Vickey, "moat of them centered
about JOrivan near Mount Ararat. The
lautmv. au flinrrnKiiiK mil rvep me
a ore wariiae nur.ia nave Deo unven
b7,io ""k ,ucr?r of .tb
P,e "V. -" w p
lage-and roh."'Thoaanda of ' peraoae
Three ' German Raids Repulsed
While Bombardment Goes
On Aircraft Are Active
NKW YOBK, March 15 (Associated
Press) Heavy bombardments all along
the Krench front was reported in tha
iimcinl communique issued at Paris last
niht. In some instances theae bom
liiirilments took the character of a bar
rage tq veil the movements and protect
raider. Three Teuton raids were
launched against as many different sali
ents but all of them were repulsed.
Aircraft activities are also told in
the despatches of yesterday. In the
raid on the British coast Wednesday
nixht the German aircraft dropped four
Iximhs over Hartlepool. Five person
were killed-and nine injured in the 7e
suiting explosions and six dwelling
(muses were, demolished while thirty
morn were more or less injured.
British Dovfl PUnes
Kngugeaient between British sea
nlanes and German aircraft over the.
North Sea was reported from l.oodou.
Two seaplane ml and attacked five
(Urmnu aircraft. destroying ono and
forcing another to drop.
Destruction of three Allied aircraft
flying toward Freilurg was reported iu
Berlin official despatches. This com
munique also claimed seventeen Allied
planes aud three balloons bad been shot
doan nlong the Franco Belgian front.
American Trout
On the American Itont four erouDs of
gut projector vt4 destroyed by ar- ,
tillcry fire makiag more than 200 re- '
ceritly demolished,. I
Tlie war department announced the
casualties a follow: Four killed in
nctiot and two wounded in action, one
death hy accident, nine by disease, 11
severely wounded, 40 slightly wounded.
Among those wounded are ('apt. Hugh
Hnrtier arid Lieuts. Horace I.. Smitri
and Bernard Van Hof.
The Americans who successfully re
pulsed a big German raid on March 1
liuve been formally commended by tho
Krench military authoritiea.
General (Wad, commander of th
Frttmh eighth army, personally con
Krntulated tha commander of the
troops. . .
(iem-ral Pershing cable to the war
department, today that these troops
were Hie 4'2ut IXvlsiou, or the "Rain
bou Mission " made up largely of stal
wart westerners.
Germans lu Finland.
Confirmation of the despatches of i
seerai nus ago leuing or me landing
of German troops in Finland at the
Port of Abo was bad in Petrograd
despatches. These said stroug forces
hud landed, the earlier reports having
said UU00, aud that they were march
iug inland.
in rni riiMi iiiiimi
hll mciton mum
Whether 0r Not Expedition Will
Go To Siberia Depends On
Ratification of Treaty :
FBTKOalAC, March (Aa- 1
ocliM - rrfm) Tha AU-BaMUa
eongrMa a Moscow today f0
fl4 b pfea treaty with tba
Oratral Powara by a rota 6f 403
to 30. '. ,,.
' i ()
WAPIUV lH.-v, .March IMKwo
rtaUid PtbJ-
If RimMin in thp Maiwow
aoviota ilot
ntt rntifv the Breat-Lit-
.ZT J iT"" '
t0 Hibcria by Japan or the AUiea trti
lem it Khali t with tin' , iiniwnt or at
the requeat of Hummr I f. on tba other
hand, the treatv he nitiflcil Inadiun of
force fn Siberia in pmlinlile. ' .
Jnpaaeae avowal of ito intentiona
relative to a $ilx'rinti cxpeilitioa anil
announcement Of the cnurxt-H which the
United Htatea and the Alliea will par-
ii in that regard ih cxected to lol
LONDON, ; En g., Mr rch 14 Foreign
Beeretary Balfour today made an ad-
itreaa in. tae aonae ar cninmona eiDrean-
V" OBdBnce that Japan Will
atmuiHvv wiynur 111 wiinivver iir-
riaion ta reaehed aa to the neniiiug af
an expedition' to piberin.
i . k. .. .. ...... . i . . . : i . j
U " : : aAronos,
TOKJO. Mhreh H (Huecial to Ha
waii HhiiipoW The tension of the im
perial diet is to be extended for a few
day in order that' it' may iliseuaa the
matter of defraying the expenaea qf the
proponed expedition to Siberia.
The "genroa,1" or elder statesmen,
will hold a conference next Thuradny
when tbey will give their consideration
to the subject of the expedition.
n m jik Jill 1UL .
" " i TJ- ,-'
.;,-.U zji J iXr" "i x'rVnfVrTTlV
f Vi iFrJ V kFPilRl HI
FKTROOBAD, March 15 (Associat
ed Press) The Russian telegraph scrv
ice has announced the Arrest in Hi
Iberia, on the northern front there, of
JMiice I.voff, former premier, who form
, ed tke.trat revolutionary esbtaet after
I the overthrow of ihe Czar.' It ia stated
, Eft KiT-i
ment for military assiatanee against the
Despatches from the Polotsk district
state that the peasants there are oppos
in? the advance of the Germane and are
carryinK on a guerilla warfare in which
the Hermans are suffering many losses.
The German are retaliating by deatroy
ing all buildings and executing all peas
unts caught with arms.
Kennedy Says No Unnecessary
Salaries Are Paid and This
Senator Nelson Denies
WASHINGTON. March 15 (Associ
ated l'res)--Geiieral defense of the
((induct of the ll"g Island ship yards
wns made before the senate committee
on mi mi I affairs yesterday by Dudley
Kennedy, the general manager of the
Kennedy denied that there was c
travaxauce and sui 1 that there were no
ala i ics paid larger than was necessary
or that should be paid.
Senator NeUon of ' Minnesota con
tradicted him on this point and assort
ed there were two high salaried officials
now employed at Hog Island who were
formerly in the ju nk business iu Mill
neapolis where tiny received low sala
ries. It was told during the course of the
investigation that la.it month a plant
of dynamite sullicient to blow up and
destroy the whole shipyard had been
. .
VAHlUNGTON, March 15 (Asso
ciated I'ressi The house of representa
tives today adopted the report of the
conference cnmniittee on the Railroad
Control Kill which was accepted by
the senate yesterday. The wciisuie
will now L'o to the President for ui
proval. The essential differences be
tween the measure us it has passed and
aa it was introduced lie in the aft,r
war control period which is fixed at
twenty one months and the right of
review to the Interstate Commerce
Commission uf the rates made by the
Economy Necessary To En
able Government To Com-
mand Labor and
Increase Industrial Output
For War and Restrict
Personal Con
sumption By HON. W. G. M ADOO,
Secretary of the Treasury.
Kconomy in the consumption of all
the thing needed by the Nation for
the winning of the war the releasing
of labor and materials from the pur
suits of peace to the business of war
these fundamental necessities of ftar
war program must b understood by
all our people if we are to put or
whole strength behind our men ia
We must work and save a, never
before in our history. We must in
crease our output and reduce our do
mestic consumption of all necessary
products, in order that there may be
a great, increasing volume of war ma
terials going forward to onr armies
and tho Allies who are fighting aide
by side with u. Aa the people reduee
their personal consumption, they will
be enabled to finance the war by leading-
their savings to the government,
while at the saive time they help them
elves by increasing their personal re
arnrce and income.
1 ' Busluesa Aa Usual" Wrong
The economic readjustments neces
sitated by the transformation of an
unarmed and peaceful nation into
formidable armed combatant have caus
ed unavoidable losses aad hardships,
uch things caa no Bore b avoided ia
five war than sacrifice f blood if
J: it Jn.Htioj v
dicated, and -made safe fejf'tjie fttvre
and a jast peaee is to be eeenred for the
iworld. v -" f ;
We Wit face these triala-wlth phil
osophy, resolution, and calmness. We
must see in them not alone the inspir
ation but the call to supreme effort.
When these readjustments have been
completed, it will be found that all the
bralna and energy of the Nation which
have been released from occupation
nonessential to the war, will he required
in enterprise and ' aetivitiea which
are essential to the war, and that the
welfare and prosperity of the eountry
ns a whole will not be impaired.
"Business a usual" can not, of
course, be adopted aa the guiding priii
ciple in time of war. It is a wholly
wrong theory and should find no ad
vocacy or acceptance by the sensible
and patriotio people of Ameriea. Busi
ness must be readjusted to the war.
making function of the Nation.
What is of superlative importance in
the readjustment that must take place
is that our people shall be Impressed
with the necessity of economizing in the
consumption of articles of clothing,
food nnd fuel, and of every other thinn
which ronatitutes a drain upon the
nvailable supplies, material, and re
sources of the eountry. Everything
wasted now is nothing short of erimin
nl. So far as I have been able to oh
serve, the American people are not suf
ficiently aroused to the necessity of
economy and of saving in this renllv
serious time, not only In the life of
America but of the nations of the
People Must Economise
Cp to the present there haa been a
relatively small denial of pleusures.
comforts, and convenience on the part
of the average citizen. He la drawing
upon the general store of supplies in
I lie country with almost the same
freedom as before America came into
the war. This can not continue with
out serious hurt to the Nation and to
the world.
The great fiuapcial 0ierations of the
government can not be carried for
ward successfully unless the people
of tho I'aited Htatea economize m
cmtv possible direction, save, their
money and leud it to the government
Hy saving money they give up some of
their needless pleasure; they -reduce
their demand upon the general aupplv
of food, clothing, and other materials
hi the country, releasing thereby that
much for the use of our own armies and
the armies and civilian populations of
i he nations which are Aghtiug the com
moo danger with us.
They are at 'the same time iucreas
nig their own material prosperity by
their savings, and ' they are directly
helping their government by lending
it the money with which it eau buy
the necessary supplies and command
the necessary services to make our
lighting forces stronger and more ef
fccliwi in the field; and this means
an earlier victory for American arms
The great difficulty is to iiiipic
this lesson of economy upon the Amen
can people. It will require widespread
propaganda aud constant effort. With
this in view, it was my privilege to
suggest to the congress the raising of
L',0(Ml,0tK),(KM) by the sale of war-suv
nigs stamps aud thrift stamps, so that
the American people would have Ihc
opportunity, as well as the direct eu
- -- MS)
fi-s f ...
I I t i
courageinent, to economize and ave
money by putting within their reach
the opportunity of lending their sav
ings, in such small amounts eveu as ""
cents, to their own government.
We have therefore organized a war
saving campaign upon a wide scale
and shall bring to the attention of
every man, woman, and child in the
country the privilege now offered to
them of serving themselves and aerving
their country hy depositing their Hav
ing with the government of the
United States upon the safest aecurity
in the world. The government will
accept these sr-vings and issue it di
rect obligations for them iu the form
of war-savings stamp and thrift
Main pa.
Direct' Incentive to Save
Thcae stamps are not issued by the
government as an investment for tha
rich. They arc intended for people of
small means primarily. They are in
tended to bring within the reach of
everyone in the i'nited State the op
portunity of investing in the obliga
tions of the United States government
upon terms unusually, advantageous
to the investor and, to ancourage ererv
one ta cave hie money .and lend it to
- fe fawmweirt..-y ' o.' S'wr--r
The plan offers, the moat direct in
centive to economise and cave ever of
fered to the people of the eountry.
When the government makea it posal
blie for everyone to know that by sav
ing twenty-five eents, which otherwise
would have been wasted, he can Invest
that twenty-five cent in a government
obligation, it ia a definite objective to
which each one's economy may be di
rected. In other words, it is possible
to transmute one's economies into a
specific obligation of the government,
and each one who saves is able to
know that his economy is producing
a concrete result advantageous to him
self, of lieneflt to his gov errjinent, and
a direct contribution to the winning
of the war.
1 look upon the war savings cam
paign which the department has now
inaugurated as promising the most
wholesome benefits to the American
people, and producing fundamental
conditions that will be of immense
help in financing, as well as iu suc
cessfully prosecuting, the war.
Big Saving for Liberty Bonds
Interlocked with the question of
' small saving" which can le invest
ed iu war savings stamps at interest
is the question of "large savings"
which can be invested in Liberty
bonds at interest. The men and worn
en of large and moderate means owe
a greater duty, because they have a
larger margin of income, to cut off
self indulgences , to deny themselves
useless nnd needles luxuries, to make
sacrifices of comforts, pleasures, and
conveniences that will effect genuine
economies and set an example to Ihc
Nation. Kvery dollar saved repre
scuts actual supplies saved and made
available for heroic soldiers and suf
fering civilians in Europe and America.
It is easy to visualise the course of
a dollar saved from waste and in
vested in government bonds; First, it
goes to the government as a loan for
the war; second, it i expended by the
government for food, clothing, an.l
ammunition which go directly to a gal
hint soldier or aailor, whose fighting
strength is kept up by the food, whose
body is kept warm by tho clothing,
and whose enemy is hit by the ammuni
tion. It has not been expended in the
purchase of needless food and clothing
for the man at home, and ia, therefore,
released for the use of the soldier; it
is saved wealth to tho man at home
and can be loaned to his government at
interest, with resulting benefit to him
self nnd to his government.
America's Reeooroea Abundant
We must realize that the govern
ment 's credit is vital to the success
of the war; that it underlies every ac
tivity. It is a sacred duty of every
Hien. ii ml it should be regarded as a
glorious privilege by every patriot to
uphold the government's credit with
the same kind of self sacrifice and no
l.ihtv of soul that our gallant sons ex
hibit when they die for us on the but
tleticUs of Kurope. It is as imperative
to -iii t it the government's credit as
it is to sustain our armies, because our
in inn s i an not be sustained unless the
government' credit is always above
i c I I Oil h .
The coinage and resources of the
Nan.. u Hie so abuudaut that America's
success in the war is beyond- question
(Continued on Page 3, Column 4)
Confidential Conference Between V . '
War Department Heads and
Senate Committee On Military
Affairs Is Held :.
Plan Is To Draw Legislative and
Bureau Representatives Closer
Together With Full Under J
standings On War Progress
(Associated Press) Real
cooperation and a hetter under -standing
between the war depart
ment and tha congressional com '
mittecs on military affairs is ex '
pectcd to be brought about by
f r e q u ent conferences between r
them, the first of which was held
yesterday when department heads ' .
of the war department and the
senate committee, on military af
fairs met together. There will be
a similar meeting with the house
committee today. -
At yesterday's meeting the sta- 1,
tus of military preparations was .
talked over with the4 utmost -st-frankness..
but under the seal of i.,'y
'iropliojt canfldeici andthere 'was,- '
perfect v freeddnt' ',of 'xprr-1 "-n" "
'FoTiowfnj ;he)neCtihi:eN ! t ci- ;- -sions
of satisfaction on the results, ,;
were' heard front, legislator and . v
bureau member alike. ; V, ; ,?
The design of these confer
ences is to prevent further mis- ' .. .'
understandings between the tnetn- : ,
bers of the house and the senate v
and the department of war In its ;. '
various branches. It is recogniz- '
ed that in the past they hav been V
too far apart and on the part of:
the war department it is A recog ;
m'tion that the legislators, at leasi! 5 ;
the members of the corrimitteea .;
on military affairs are entitled to. ' '
a degree of confidence they have
not previously enjoyed and 'will ,
have a tendency to give them the ..,
information required for the pro- V
per framing of legislation1 without .
the necessity for entering upon
such investigations as that which
was conducted by the Senate conv
mittee. ("..
T hese conferences will natural
ly be held behind closed doors fqr
otherwise it would be impossible
to give answers to questions wit)i '
the freedom which is essential to
the success of the meetings. ' v I
m ' '' ''
British Ship Is Hit But Limps
Into Port
LONDON, England, March 14 (At
sociated Press)- Once more a Brltlah
hospital ship haa been deliberately at
tacked by a Hun submarine.
The hospital ship Guildford Castla
has made port ia a damaged' coadltloa.
She wa struck by a torpedo In Bristol
Channel, but reached port. She had
many wounded and aiek aboard. . ' '
The first torpedo struck her Jn tha
bow, and the submarine then fired aa
other, which missed.
The Guildford Castle was formerly
iu the South American trade 'and ia
owned by the Union Castle Mall Steam
ship Co. She waa of 3238 tons and waa
mint iu uiaagow by Barclay, Curia
WASHINGTON, March 15 (Aeao-
in ted Press) Esther Cleveland, dugh
ter of former President Orover Cleve
land was yesterday married to Oaptaiav
Bona liquet uf the Cold Stream guard.
I I'e
t ' !
1. 1.

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