llitm; Tuesday, Arm l 16, i9ig.SEMi-wEEr
THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE
fooDERlfltb. MATHESON,' EDITOR TU apr iMmJ , THE AbmiTSEM SE-WEEKLY
The Trent Verdict
fffyXlK DOOUTTLE? has been trie.l and
lounu nJi guny u iit.iiiii5
Lodge in drawing attention to the continued prcs-,
ence of J nhn" Barleycorn as a faithful member .'
that rvro-nniratiorl. The verdict was a just nn-1
proper one, the element I malice being wholly
lacking from anything which R. H. Trent wrote
and published under his nom de plume, while the
substantial truth of his particular article dealing
with the Elks was established during the long and
vigorously contested trial. Mr. Trent emerged
,from his indictment and trial with enhanced repu
tation. The Klks came under the spotlight and
the experience could not have been gratifying to
either the members of that organization or the
many friends of the lodge.
It is not the purpose of The Advertiser to im
pute unworthy motives to those few of the Iilks
who induced their brothers to undertake what has
certainly' been a profitless course for all concerned.
We cannot but regret, however, that the five hun
dred dollars paid by the Elks to their special pros-
. ccutors and the larger amount which represented
the retainers of Mr. Trent's attorneys, and the still
, larger amount which the taxpayers are to pay as
their share of the court expenses, had not been
Jumped and given to the Red Cross, the Associated
Charities or to any one ot a score of good objects.
We trust other sensitive ones will in future ex-
' ta th mrlip at ha net for imagined slights
f.du,i vii. , . . . . . v.. -
' . . . .. . .
and insults lcfore rushing into court, wnere tnere
is never any gain, whoever wins.
" w s s.
Can We Forget This?
BRITISH and French' ' prisoners are being
starved to death by the Germans. Others
are being beaten, kicked and abused, driven half
clothed into the very zones where British and
". French shells are pounding. British and French
prisoners are not receiving the packages of food
being mailed to them through Switzerland by their
felatives, many of whom are denying themselves
Ihe necessities of life in order to send cheer to the
prison camps. British and French prisoners who
cannot work or who, goaded by cruelties turn upon
their German guards, are beaten or shot to death.
' , This is the substance of an official British re
port, made public yesterday. There is no reason
whatever to doubt the correctness of the report,
; after we remember what our former ambassador,
James W- Gerard" saw in the German prison
Supposing these were American prisoners, sub
ject to starvation, abuse, suffering, death! And
there will be American prisoners in German hands,
"there are a few there today, with no reason what
ever to suppose that these inhuman beasts will
be any more tender with a Yankee than with a
; Canadian or an Englishman.
. Suppose a son, or brother, or a son of a friend,
: or a friend of your own were in this German hell !
A"d there is no reason to take for granted that
some of our very own will not be caught in the
same trap as others have been. Being taken a
prisoner is something very frequently over which
ihe individual soldier has no control. It is no sign
of inferiority to be overcome by numbers. Many
of the prisoners in German hands are among the
bravest of the French arid British, men who have
volunteered in forlorn hopes or been -detailed for
extra hazardous tasks of rear guard work or front
line duty. It is not only possible, it is highly prob
' able that there will be many American prisoners
before many weeks have past.
7 And what are we going to do about it? Go on
with our ordinary routine of talk, pleasure, busi
ness, and let the war drag? Or are we going to
throw every ounce of our energy and every pos-
sible bit of our revenue into the war, to hasten
the end and bring closer the victory, when with
' the crashing of the German power into defeat will
come the liberation of hundreds of thousands of
prisoners, including many of our own blood and
. We must remember that we are fighting no
ordinary foe, no enemy who has retained even a
' fchred of honor, a spark of chivalry or an ounce of
the ordinary, common humanity of the average
. For every dollar that we spend foolishly and
withhold from our government there comes a bit
' more of slavery for those held captives under the
German yoke, more suffering, more starvation,
more agony of the free man being treated worse
than a dog.
If you can live as usual; if you can enjoy your
self with money unnecessarily spent under these
circumstances: if you arc now able to swallow
with satisfaction fiwxl tjiat our government has
asked us to conserve, then God pity you.
w. s. s.
. Attorney General Gregory says that there have
been no more fires recently than before the war
Doesn't it strike Mr. Gregory as peculiar, to say
the least, that the biggest fire-, we do have always
seem to break out in munition plants, grain eleva
tors and warehouses containing war materials.'
-And has it not occurred to him that it is very
funny that there should be even as many fires last
year as the yar before the war, considering that
last eaf the factories and elevators and ware
houses were under close guard, whereas in 1913
the ordinary night watchmen were considered suf
ficient? With draft legislation passed there is for the
first time a likelihood for the call for Hawaii's
quota in the near future.
The Week In the War
. I . 1 I
SINCE the first advance of the Germans against
Paris was checked, there has probably been no
more critical stage in the. war than the present peri
Along;a front of fully 130 miles ft battle, is In
progress. There are sector and salients where the
battle rages more fiercely than others, proceeds
w ith a violence possibly never v before known.
Such have been the conditions for the past Week
and while, up to Sunday morning, the situation
seemed to be somewhat improved over those of
Thursday and Friday, it cannot be said that the
crisis has been fully passed. ,
Last Monday the second phase of the German
offensive had come to an end and the engage
ments in Picardy were more or less isolated the
day previous. To that time the offensive had
been somewhat of a disappointment to the Get
mans. They had made gains , but had not ac
quired a single imjortant objective. : That day at
tacks wereno longer directed against the Artnen
tiers salient but attention was turned to the north
and south in an effort to widen the wedge that
had been driven against that objective.
On Tuesday the offensive was shifted further
north and directed against the British and the
Portuguese forces from Givenchy, south of Lens,
to the northward as far as Le Bassee. In that
sector some important gains were made and the
Allies gave ground.
On Wednesday the enemy selected yet anoth
er salient, the Ypres sector, and. the third battle
of Ypres was started with terrible fury. Here
also the Britsih gave some ground and retired to
new positions. Next day the Germans were able
to win little advantage, still pushing vast massed
forces against the northerly end of the Allied line.
On Fridav. however, a definite crisis was an
nounced by British leaders. It was then Haig
appealed and Maurice announced the crisis. Near
Bailleul the fighting was heaviest. Here the en
emy fought to secure the railroad line.
This appeared to be the turning point for the
week. On Saturday, the British held much bet
ter. Berlin claimed gains but the enemy was driv
en from several positions occupied on Friday.
The efforts of the Huns were immediately cent
ered on the railroad connecting Haxebrouck with
Messines Ridge. At no point were the British
lines of communication cut and the Teuton ad
vance along the I.ys River was entirely checked.
During all of this period there has been some
heavy, fighting along the French sectors, especial
ly during the early part of the week when some
ground was yielded. Against the French," how-:
ever, no such titanic efforts have' been directed
and the Germans achieved. less of success.
The American sector near Toul saw some hard
fighting during the week, but nothing to com
pare with the greater battles raging elsewhere.
The fighting was, however, sufficient to test the
metal of the American fighters and they are re
ported to have stood the test magnificently, re
pulsing every attack, taking prisoners, and more
than holding their own against enemy infantry
Beyond the mention of the fact that American
forces are in the main engagement and one or two
indefinite mentions of localities there has been no
news of importance on American participation.
The same question which presented itself a week
ago presents itself now: "Do the gains of terri
tory made by the Germans warrant the terrible
loss of manpower they have sustained?" With no
important objectives secured, with the British
line Imlding in the battle for the channel ports, it
would seem that such successes as the Teutons
have achieved by no means constitute an impor
tant victory but are, on the contrary, a very doubt
What the casualties have been on either side is
unknown, all that is known is that they must have
Other theaters of the war have been almost en
tirely omitted from the news of the week to reach
Honolulu Nothing has been heard from the Ital
ian front nor from the east with the exception of
! Palestine where, north of Jappa a Turco-German
(offensive was reported launched.
Interest attached to the Geneva despatch rela
tive to activity at German naval bases. It is hard
to believe it is the Teuton purpose to sally forth
the risk of a decisive naval engagement but cues
will he turned in the direction of the navy just
Submarine losses showed a decided falling off
and the shipping situation materially improved
during the week. The Hun campaign of sea ruth-lessiK-ss
is once more at low ebb.
w. s. s.
Viscount Ishii gave some timely and important
statements to the world in his interview yester
!av lie has the happy faculty of directly and
what the occasion may demand. His
summary of international situations will only tend
t" turther increase the confidence which he won
lure and in the States on his visit as head of the
s.iTi,i lapanese mission.
And now the food administration at Washing
ton has forbidden sale of dried fruits until May 1.
I"cs this affect prunes? I f so the main piece de
rci stance of many a boarding house breakfast
table will be for the time being missing. Think
oi it' Ten successive pruneless days.
Honolulu appears to be doing very nicely under
the operation of the military prohibition rovi
sioiis. thank you.
la the statement ' aaade by W. H.
Tloog In rgatd to rice hoarding and
price he waa r(reatel as referring
to 400 .pound. Thi should have been
4600 ft h$ fllffertaee, .
Kel all tor'- tie'; eVtj, ' ad onty
pumping itattona waa. .advanced Un
ceata on th barrel, lyeRterdajr. now
reaching $tJ0f pW'rbarirl .eflvere.l
V 'J V'f:'i.
Henry Harts, 'a' transport employe
who wa arretted laat week, charge )
with havtnff, - BalaepproTttiated eon"
oaey of a paeaenger had hie taxe
eoatimied In the. polk eoart yevterdar
Morning until April 18. y-
ft. M. nore uni L. Belaaso were
laed ten dollars each in the police
eonrt yeaterdaj morning for erap ahoot
Ing,. Belaaeo mahea Do elaim of rela
tionahip to the faaioae thcatrietl
agnate of the nam Barney
' Maj. Ira A. Cerrell, adjutant gen
et I renerve eorptf, ' Fori Hhafter, hi
been ordered to the mainland through
tabled advieei received yeeterday from
Waihington. .Major Corrall la to re
port to the commanding general Weit
Aafltne Fragga, an employe at the
Honolulu Planiag, Mill Joat hif 11 ret
three Angara of, hla left hand yeaterday
morning when he , earn .in too eloee
contact with one of the planer. At
the emergency hoepital It wai found
aee.enary to amputate the three digits.
Japaneae who have been connected
With the legal aid of the courts for
several years voiee the aentiment that
with the abolition of boose her, there
will be fewer Japanese divorce eases
filed in the courts, asserting that sake
played an important role In the aepara
tions of husband and wive.
Judge C. W. Ashford of the circuit
court yesterday named A. Gartenburg
as master in th estate of OeoTge
Thomas McLean, an incompetent per
son, who haa a good sized estate in Ha
wail, consisting principally in shares
ef local corporations. Mr. McLean re
sides in California.
K. Yamamoto, who is one of the Lib
erty Bond committeemen, addressed
the Japanese at the Courtland Hotel
yesterday, and immediately two sub
eeriptiona were filed with him by em
ployes. Mr. Yamamoto is working
hard among hia Countrymen and is hav
ing success hero and there.
Asistant Secretary of the Interior
Bradley, .at Washington, has sent a
message te Honolulu saying that his
department had ...the. daylight saving
law .under consideration with the nay
department,' and: when n decision was
reached local territorial authorities
would be BQtlfledV j
Privileges held or assumed by auto
mobile ataada : as regards the use of
streets in front of .stands is a matter
that ia tq be investigated by the trans
portation committee of the chamber of
commerce. - A question that has been
raised i whether private ear) may not
stand in th trects 'Uf 'lront of such
stands despite objeetiona, . - ,
' A civil' service examination for tho
position of bookkeeper, for field serv
ice with 'the supply department of the
United 8Utea naval station at Pearl
Harbor, will be held May IS commenc
ing at nine o 'clock in the morning.
Necessary instructions and application
blanks can be seeured from John W.
Short, local secretary of the United
(Hate civil service commission, at the
Harry Gregson who was arrested
some time ago on a charge of having
used pfefane language la m public place
was acquitted by n jury in Judge Wil
liam H, Hoen's division of the circuit
court yesterday. It was alleged that
he had vigorously criticised the admin
istsation for putting prohibition into
effect here and this led to a federal in
quiry which resulted in the charge just
heard in the territorial eonrt.
Camilllo Zulato, William Maul, Nor
man Frailer and Joe Lllioa were
bagged in a raid on a gambling game
that has been running for some time
at Queen and River Streets. Owing
to the fnet that the players conduct
these games in the open, arrests have
been difficult. Police officers disguised
as laborers succeeded in making ar-reats-
yeaterday. The four defendants
were fined ten dollars and coat in th
police court yesterday.
For the convenience of visitors to
th Volcano, L. W. de Via Morton, of
the Hawaii Publicity Commission, has
just gptten out a concise and instruc
tive folder which will be a convenient
guide V those who visit Kilauea for
few days' and are at a loss to know
how t put in their time profitably.
The . subject matter in th folder em
brace thirteen side trips, giving dU
tanees Sad the. manner in wfiich these
pleasant jaunt can be mad.
At King Street and Aloha tan yes
terdax afternoon at three o'clock, an
enlisted man riding a motorcycle, No.
A 4fl, was thrown heavily, to the
ground and seriously injured a a re
sult of the wheels skidding on the wet
pavement. .The man ia in th post hos
pital at Fort Khsfter in an unconscious
condition and his name could not be
learned. Attendants at th hospital
said that the man's condition is seri
ous. W. E. Pietsch, superintendent of the
Palolo Home, who has been nway on
leave of absence for the past several
weeks, will be a returning passenger
on the Honoma, due here on the twenty
second. Mr. Pietsch writes that he has
visited many of the army csntonmen'x
on the mainland and haa been greatly
impressed with the great worh being
earned forward by the government.
During hla absenee the home haa been
carried On bv C. C. Martin, most sge
cessfully, and the plare haa always had
a welcome for any unfortunate women
or needy child. At the present time
there are forty inmate at the institu
PILES CURED IN 6 TO 14 DATS
PAZO OINTMENT ia guaranteed to
cur blind, bleeding, itching or pro
trading PILES la 6 to 14 days ot
money refunded. Mannfaciured by
thaPAJUS MEDICINE CO., 8t. Loci,
U. A- . s
William Searbjr, of Punnene, Maui, Is
a guest at the Young Hotel,
ilr. and Mrs. H. p. Benson were a r
rivnla yesterday on the Maana Ker
frem Hawaii. . .
Captain Don si rt. Fox, who is en
route to the Orient, is registered at the
Harry 'VTeaa!, manager of the Hilo
Irug Company, is making a bnslaens
visit In Honolulu.
Mr. and Mr. Fred L. Watdron re
turned from a short visit to Iiilo and
the voirano yeaterday.
Jach MeVeagh, superintendent of th
leper settlement at Molokai. was an ar
rival on th Mauna Kea yesterday.
Major James D. Dougherty returned
from a trip to Hilo yesterday, where he
had been on departmental business.
John Vasconeelloa, manager of the
Kahuiui Railroad, was an arrival on
the Mauna Kea yesterday from Maui.
Jacob Lando, who- waa reeentlv oper
ated on at Queen 's Hospital, is reported
as doing nicely, and is expected to bo
able to return to his home within a
week or ten days.
Malcolm Franklin, collector of th"
port, who has been confined to his room
at the Young Hotel for the past wee!;,
on account of a sore ankle, has been
removed to the Hhafter Hospital.
Among passengers expected to leave
for Kauai tomorrow ia Rev. Albert W.
I'sliner, pastor of Central Union Chur. h,
who will give a aeries of religious and
patriotic addresses in connection with
the Hawaiian Evangelical Association,
i . a. s.
Quickly Succumb To Pneumo
nia When Cold Belt Is Reached
Nine Others Taken Off III
Nine Filipinos, four children and five
men, died of pneumonia aboard tli
steamer Siberia Maru after that vessel
sailed from Hongkong on March 'J.l.
Besides the known fatalities, nine other
Filipinos were taken from the Nihoria
Maru in Shanghai who were suffering
from the same disease.
Lack of proper clothing nod henvv
blankets when the cold weather of tln
Oriental ports were reached after leav
ing the tropical climate of Manila i
given as the cause of the many eauei
of pneumonia. 80 many of the Kill
pinos became ill after two were found
to have pneumonia that the hii'h olli
cers are now inclined to think the dis
ease is a contagious one.
The eighteen Filipinos were rnemUeri
of a band of 216 recruited liv the i I a
waii Bugar Planters' Axsociation to
work on Hawaii plantations. The other
198 reached' here yesterday
NINE FILIPINOS DIE
ON SIBERIA MARU
Most Of .the dead -Filipino, wer. bur..""'' 'w-"'
till mh V inwi ... di,ui.
ashore at Oriental ports, but two
corpaea were brought to Honolulu.
A a result of the wholesale deaths,
the representatives of the Hawaii plant
era were yesterday advised by Siberia
officers to make some arrangement for
having the Filipinos shipped here in
the future provided with warm cloth
ing and bedding, which could be issued
to them before the cold weather of
China and Japan is reached.
If blankets and clothing are issued
to the Filipino recruits before thev
leave Manila it is said they would sell
their new possessions, as most of them
think there is no climate any different
from that in the tropics.
WAN FKAJJCIHCO, March .11 ( As
sociated I'ress) An aviation corps of
500 members will be Slum's contribu
tion to the Kntente Allies, according to
Frank D. Arnold, former clmrg d 'uf
faires at Bangkok, who arrived here to
day from Hium en route to Washington.
"The Piamese army has developed
some splendid aviators," Mr. Arnold
said. "They seem to take naturally
to the work under the instruction of
French and Italian experts.
"When I left they were preparing
to send over 500 men with a complete
quota of airplanes, all of foreign con
struction. w. s. s.
ny str. Muu tin Kin. Ai.rll
l'rora Hawaii -II A. WchhWI. Mrs. r. It.
Petersou. Mrs. J. I'. KIIwimkI. Mujnr .laim-s
l. Douuberty. Mr. mill Mrs. I nd I.. Aul
Aran. H V. ltluui. N, t:ilcn, Mrs. Itolimk.
Nlliiate, Mrs Voshlknwn anil thn-e child
ren, I". Krenilo. J. 1 ! i 1 II im. Mr mid Mrs.
Thomas t'liikou unit four I'tilldivu. V
HorriK-ks. Miss I vn llurrncks. Mrs. .
Oullmetto. Vounir llitnir. V. Villi Ilhic.
Mrs. J. .1. H... villi-. Miss II. .1. Soivllle.
Thomas .1. Ili-cnev. Cupf. Kolicrt Itnlus.
C. M. Hudson, Major nnd Mrs. Wnvnc.
Mr. unit Mrs. A. ) H.. Ml. nnd , hll.l.
Mr. and Mrs. H p. Itciisini I'mlu r llulii ri
N1J. K. l McMaslcrs, W. K . Iliillahan, M.
O. Mnuclii't Kiiiliilih I'. Mullt-r. Sam Ku
lua. Karl Williams. Hi-v mu.I Mrs. (I I..
Kiips. William Kiiin. Mnxlcr Kopu. Miss
Kopu, Jnck l'htlllps Mrs. J.-.,rn.- oss.
A. ('. WhiM-lir. Mrs Ki-io ciinn mi'l ihrec
children. Mr nnil Mrs. T (ilunn. M I'.
Peters. S. (ikunn
From Maul II l.i-mpke. .In, k M. V.-nirh
M. Olinnn. S. v., Hhllo.nl JIIm 11 1,1 1 k .-.
Max Helliiaky. V. Keartiy. It M Norton,
.lohn ViiK.-niiiflliis. Tliniikt'ii Kiikumnihl.
O. Tusukn. H. K. I' Vnp. Mux i:,klinnli.
Yoslililn N. T Nielsen. v l Snrlii v, Mrs
llnsnl and liifnilt
Hy I'nilttc Mull sti-ium-r ! n:nl,.r fr.ou
Haa KriiiH'Isco. April 17: inU-ln llurkir.
Mr. and Mrs C J II. ihI.t , it I .h ,ls.-.
Miss Ituth I. (iilsHiilil .1 I', r lhii.'1'iw
Mrs. Klclinrd Ivcrs. Mlh Kimade. Mr and
Mrs. .Inliii I. title. Mr iiml Mrs llurrv New
ma . Mrs. Ilertlui Norilciiu Mis Hurilcil
IVtlll. Miss K.riii'sllni- l'lc. Mrs. 1 ('.
Potter IV B. ltd liurils.in. riins 1 Stewart.
Mrs. Mini. I Stuck, (illli.rt Wnll.-r w. W
terhoimc ('lias. H. Weight, llurrv W. Whit
nev. W K. Wiser. W A 1 in he ui nuj I'..
lly Tnni Klsen Kulshn steuiuer Sltierlu
Maru from Oriental purls April IT K
Akalinshl. Mrs. X. ( iliilihllt Mrs A. )
Hurst. oi ! l"n I r. Ill ll . ,., Harris. N.
Kamano Mrs. Km I w.l . . Mrs. I Ku-
ynuiu un. I son K Masukl. Mr ami Mrs. K
Nnkuiio. J Nlshlhura. II Huawii S tlkn
mi, H. KhiliutH. (I Hhlrukl. Mr ami Mrs.
T. l emurs. Mrs Kiniiia Wood. Y Yunui
inoto. Miss F Yauiamotii, iiml Master Ju
Practical Mind Is
J. B. CastleV Will
Testament Is Filed' For Probate,
Vatle Years Ago, and Provided
For Continuance of His Favo
Owing to the fact that the will of
the late Jsmo Bieknell Castle was
signed in September, 1907 eleven ycar
ago it nay be difficult to carry out hia
deftires and intentions as expressed in
the document, but insofar as possible
the execurors, who filed the will in the
circuit court yesterday for probate, will
try to enrry out his will.
The will first names various enter
lirUe in Which his energies and capital
wore engaged, and declares his desire
'Int they may be continued, his aim
lieing not to accumulate a great extate
for his heirs or family, for lie plainly
phj that he regards the possession of.
crei wealth as a danger and liable to
hi jure charncter, and finally in the Bg
rente to result in naitonal decay.
After making suitable provision for
hi family, he desires that the remain
ing incQnie lie accumulated toward nn
educational purpose, the object of which
is to develop character and teach the
rudiments of self-help. These ends he
hoped to accomplish through a co edu
cational school where the principles of
si'ientiffr ami practical agriculture and
domestic economy would be taught, in
which each pupil wonld be required to
earn at least a part of the cost of such
To use the exact language of the will:
"Such a school should be run ns a farm,
with the best ability that can be se
cured for such a purpose, anil the en
dowment of the school should be calcu
'ated to meet the deficit after full value
li.is been credited for the products de
liered tij market, minus the credits
i.ii'.l to the students for work and the
loii.l expenses. "
It was also Mr, Castle's desire thnt
in such a school no special religions
form or idea should be roquired.
Such a school, he thought, ought to
train its students to the i leal that the
hirhest aim in life is to do as much
tri.o.l and confer as much happiness on
inn 's fellow creatures as possible. Hub
ordinate to this is the idea of absolute
The executors and trustees named in
the will were L. A. Thurston, F. B.
M. Stocker nnd P. L. Withington. After
Mr. McHtocker's death a codicil named
his son, Harold K. L. Castle, for the
acaney, and there is a proviso that in
case of the absence or disalrility of
either of those named, V. R. Castle is
to act in any vacancy.
His will devises to his wife, Julia
White Castle, the estate known as Ma
a. -A TT1.1 VI... I aaaal 11
executor and trustees for various pur
Continue Hia Projects
He makes disposition of the business
known as the Hawaiian Development
Companv, which hns ceased business to
a large extent, particularly in its active
lumbering work at I'ahoa, Hawaii. He
expressed the desire to have it "go on
in the same way as though I were
here", and even added that to continue
it he wanted the executors to "hypothe
cate all of my securities; but, prefer
ably to the continued burden of heavy
indebtedness, as rapidly us full value
mnv be obtained. ' '
That Mr. Castle's heart was in all
his Hawaii ventures, not only the l'nho't
1, umber enterprise, but over in Kona
District, is evidenced by his desire to
have two thousand shares of Alexander
& Baldwin company shares sold to be
put into his Konu investments, tirefer
ublv the West Hawaii railroad, nnd
into the Koolau Hailroad, which runs
from Kahtikti to Kahuna, on Windward
"After the Kona Development Coin
pnnv, and the enterprises which 1 have
id iniie.l to mature from the lleeia Agri
cultural Companies properties shull
have become successfully established, I
.In not wish to expand any further in
su'ar, but only so far as each mill may
become the central factory for the man
u fact ure of suyar from the cane bought
of small growers," Mr. Castle wrote.
However, Mr. Castle gave his execu
tors the widest discretion as to invest
ment and development.
High Railroad Ideals
"I hope before many years that frau
cltises of such character may be ob
tained for both the Koolau Hallway
oinpauy and the West Hawaii Railway
company as will simultaneously give to
such coVipanies the largest command
both of all the resources available for
financing the same, and of protecting
Ihe public interests by turning back to
the Htate all the receipts in excess of
such interest upon the actual cash in
vested in the enterprise ns may be
agreed on as reasonable.
"These companies enabled to owu
or lease land without limit should logic
allv become flic linest possible agency
for a wise immigration and houiesteud
iim by the redistribution of such lands
ulong the lines of the road."
Frovid.cs for Widow
With the successful and profitable
establishment, however, of the various
enterprises involved, with the reiiiisit.'
income siiliseipient thereon, he desired
to linve the amount paid to his widow
out ol the estate from its income in
creased to a sum not to exceed $-10,0(1(1
With regard to his son, Harold, he
ri"itiested that upon the decease of Ins
wife, income was to be continued to the
son upon conditions. The minimum was
to be not less than 5,(M0 per unuiim.
the maximum not to exceed .flO.IUKI
per milium, but to include the income
from properties which he may have re
ceived during the lifetime of his father.
The will was signed in 1!1H7, at which
time he desired that his aon should be
come a successful business man, and
left much of the interpretation of this
phase to Alexander i Baldwin, nnd
particularly to J. I'. Cooke, its inun
Harold K. 1- ('untie is also named as
an executor, in a codicil.
CHINESE BUSINESS1 1
HOUSES UPSET BY
Information Sought By United
State's Is So Pertinent
Results Are Feared
FROM HERE.' PLANNED
United States Official Says No
Compulsion To Answer
: ' v ftt'"i ,
A blank form which has been cir
culated by the fnited States depart
ment of immigration among, Chinese
merchants' of Honolulu asking for de
tails of their business has excited
Chinatown: to the extent of holding an
excited meeting of Chines inerchants
at I'nited Chinese Hall last night nnd
a call for a mas meetingrto be held
nn the matter at the Liberty Theater
or in Aala Park.
The information which is wanted by
the immigration authorities pertains
to the personnel of each legitimate
Chinese business firm in the city, the
income that has been derived from it
during the past year, and the nature
of the business done, together with
the character of the business organiza
tion. It affects only Chinese residents.
Fear Grant Injuries
Far reaching results that may come
from the furnishing of the information,
the Chinese merchants claim, are suf
ficient to warrant strenuous opposition
to the measure, and one result of the
meeting last night was a resolution to
make Honolulu the beginning of a
movement which will be extended
throughout the I'nited State where the
innovation of the immigration service
hns been made general. The merchants
who spoke last night expressed a be
lief that the new move of the govern
ment has limitless possibilities of in
jury or unwarranted use of the inform
metion which they are asked to fur
About one hundred members of the
I'nited Chinese society including twen
ty five merchants, gathered at their hnll
to discuss these matters, last night. C.
K. Ai, former proprietor of the City
Mill, was chairman of the meeting; I.ee
l.oy was Knglish secretary and Wnt
King, manager of the Wo Fat Company
was Chinese secretary.
Loyalty Is Clear
Ai said he feared the consequences
of the move and the way in which it
would dispose the Chinese of the coun
try towards the government at this
time. He ' said the fact that these
queries should be addressed to the Chi
nese exclusively' and at ttiis' particular
time might be construed in a manner
thnt would be calculated to disturb the
peace of mind of the Chinese of the
entire country. In the course of his
speech he declared that the Chinese
residents of Honolulu have been emi
nently loyal to the government in their
support of the war and that he him
elf had made three canvasses through
Chinese residents in behalf of the Lib
erty Loan, with marked success.
Committee of Twenty
A committee of twenty was appoint
ed last night which is authorized to
secure signers to a petition which is
to be placed in the hands of the Chi
nese minister in Washington through
the Chinese Consulate General of Ho
nolulti. This will call on all Chinese
merchants throughout the I'nited States
to take n stand in resisting- the fur
nishing of the information similar to
that which the Honolulu Chinese are
Before the mass meeting is called an
other meeting of the merchants associ
ation will be held for the purpose of
arranging, further details of tho cam
pnign. The time or place for the mass
gathering have not yet been deter
mined, but an effort will be made to
enlist the interest of every Chinese
resident ip Honolulu.
No Compulsion Intended
Inspector Richard L. Halsey of the
immigration service, here, said last
inht that the move ot the government
is merely a reipiest and that no com
pulsion of any kind has been contem
"1 understand it to be merely a de
vice for assisting the officials in the
administration of the Chinese exclusion
act," said Mr. Halsey over the tele
phone. "It hns beepme necessary to
determine, if possible, exactly who are
the bona fide Chinese merchants in the
country whose families are entitled to
entry and to guard against any pos
silde fraud in this respect. At the
present time it is necesjtary for us to
investigate each case separately and
this involves work which would seem
to be unnecessary if the list of mer
chants is available. The exclusion act
applied here just exactly as it does
on the mainland. If the merchants in
llonolii'i) do not care to fill out the
blanks 1 do not know of anvrtiino; that
him or will be done to force it,"
I The nuestions on the blunk require
the names of each of the members of
a Chinese' business firm or the copart
in rs in the case of partnership con
cerns. la stock companies the mimes
of the stockholders end the numbers
of shares of stock thev hold are re
tnestetl and details of the nature nod
earnings of the business an; included.
W. 8 8.
TAKE CARE OF YOTJUSEIF
If von want a clear head and good di
gestion vou must not lei your bowels
become clogie.l with po -ut.oii'. waste
from the l.o.lv. as is nlwnvs the case
when vou become const 1 1 n ted. I'ropet
food, nn ubiiii.l.'inef of wnt. r and plenty
of outdoor exercise should keep your
bowels regular. When that fails vou
should take Chamberlain 'a Tablets.
Thev cause a gentle movement of the
bowels and are easv and pleasant to
take. For sale by all dealers. Heusou,
1 Smith It Co., agents for Hawaii. Advt.
' ' I- , i.
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