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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 19, 1918, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-04-19/ed-1/seq-5/

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. 15 . 1-
Situation Such That
Further Retirement
,Wpuld Be Fatal
NEW YORK. April 17 (As
sociated Press) Bringing
a huge force to bear and driving
it forward agalAst the blasting
fire of the British, the Germans
yesterday forced the defenders of
the Wytschaete ' section of the
Messines ridge to give ground
and the greater portion of the
Messines ridge last night was in
the hands of the Hans.
The British fought desperately
for these most important posi
tions but could not hold in the
face of the overwhelming force
driven against them in utter
abandonment of all tactics save
those of massed strength. The
British poured shot and shell into
the gray masses, 'raking them
back and forth with machine
guns and grappling with the sur
vivors in hand to hand conflicts,
but the Germans came on.
Early in the forenoon the Bri
tish were forced back from Bail
leul, before which the fighting
for three days has been severe,
this retirement necessitating the
abandonment before attack of the
town of YVulvergham, between
Bailleul and Wytschaete. The
British drew back to the high
ground north of these towns, un
der cover of their artillery, while
the Germans pressed forward
along the valley of the Steenbeck
stream and established them
selves at Spanbroek MHls, less
than a 'mile south of Wytschaete
This brought the Germans intc
a (xisition to attack the Messine
ridge from three sides. For hours
the German field guns pounded
the British lines along the ridge
while their infantry fought it?
way from point to point, clearing
the greater part of it of the Tom
mies, who, m most cases, hclf'
their trenches and craters until
they died, fighting to the last.
In a number of places isolated
numbers of British are still hold
ing out, defying every effort o
the Germans to capture them and
inflicting severe punishment oi
the "mopping up" parties of Ger
mans now swarming over the
greater part of the ridge.
On the highest sections of tljf
ridge, just east of Wytschaete
the British are holding strongly
and have beaten back repeated
efforts of the Germans to tighten theii
hold upon their newly won positions
At only one other point of the Oer
Minn salient was there fighting of rou
HiMuenre yesterday. This was south
wimt of v ieux Berquin, about flv
miles southwest of Bailleul ami about
the same distance southeast of Hare
brouck. Here the Germans were de
fen ted ami thrown back.
The location of these two centers of
flKhtiug yesterday indicates that the
OiTinang are concentrating along both
rue nortn an! south sides of their aa
lieut and endeavoring to widen it ratu
it than drive the wedge still deepe
tnwaniK iiazebrouck.
British Must Hold
Any further success of the German
towards Wytschaete or north of Bail
I' ul or Wulverirhem would be very se
nous. Should the Gernjans drive ahead
n'ong this front it would place them
111 11 position to cut off a large part
of the British army or force the re
tircincnt or General Haig from Ypret
anil possibly from all ths important
positions turtlie. north towards Dix
inudc. From th present battlefieli
the British line stretches nearly twenty
miles northeast towards Koulers, with
its liue of retreat over many miles of
lov, partially flooded country.
Ho serious is the British situutioi
that it is expected that heavy British
roiinters will immediately be launched
i drive back the Germans along the
Mussiues Bailleul front. The British
Hie still holding the high ground back
of this line and also the commanding
position on the southern side of the
s.ilient, between lln.ebrouck and Mur
Berlin! SaysricanLiiie 7
At St. Mihiel Rolled Up
... .
American Despatches Silent Re
garding German Claim of yio
tory On Sunday Night On Bank
of the Meuse
AMSTERDAM, Aprit HJ (Associa
ted Press) The official German newt
agency, th Wolff Burton of Berlin,
Sena's out the following despatch:
"North of St. Mihiel last Bandar
night th main part of the Amerisaa
position east and southeast of Matter,
on th right baAk of th Mailt, was
taken by storm. On a large section ef
th high road from St. Mihiel to Bout.
role, thro and a half mile in length.
th Americans were rolled np despit
their brave resistance. Th Americans
suffered th severest casualties in addi
tion to the loss of men taken prison
ere' .
iWASaiNOTON, April 16 r Associa
ted Press)- Despatches to th state
department tell of the terrific cost with
which Uermany is making her slow
gains on th western front.
Th stat department has official
new that twenty-five trains of wound
ed men at pasting through Aix-La-Chtpelle,
Belgium, nightly, th trans
portation facilities of this on town
alone being taxed to care for th
stream, of wonnded and dying men on
their way to the over-crowded Belgium
hospitals set np by the Germans.
Th hospitals are Insntneient to car
Offensive Aga
Is Soon
Switzerland To Be Encircled and
New Doorway Into France Will
Be Openedi Says Press
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Aasoeiat
d Press) Austro Hungary is almost
ready to launch her new offensive
gainst the Italians for another great
lrive for the Venetian plains, states
official despatches received at the Ital
'an embassy last night and announced
iy Count di Cellere, the ambassador.
The offensive is to be driven on the
von Hlndenburg plan, regardless of
Ost in lives, according to the intimn
LONDON, April 17 (Associated
'resa ) ---Premier Lloyd George, an
touneing a report from Field Marshal
iaig that the Germans had gained the
renter part of the Messines ridge, in
in address to the house of commons
ist night, said that the country U
itill fluctuating between hope and
leaiiondeney, bat that the British must j
nak np their mind that this bsttle 1
vill proceed for some time yet before I
i decision is obtained.
While the immediate outlook is uot ,
-heerful, he had full confidence in the
report of General Haig that in the
ground lost there is nothing that is
ital and nothing to enaure the Gcr- .
nans a continuation of such success as
as been won by the enormous sacri
fice of their men.
BERLIN, April 17 (Associated
Press) An official statement of the
fighting in the Armentierres salient '
yesterday says: "Our attack along .
the Lys yesterday was a complete sue '
cess. Nine craters on the Wytschaete
ridge were captured by our surprise
attack, while our troops also stir- ;
prised the English at Wulverghcm. The ,
Knglish have attempted to carry out a
number of counters, which we have
broken up. ' '
PABIS, April 17 (Associated Press)
There was renewed fighting before
Amiens yesterday and active artillery
luels throughout the day on the Mont
tidier sector. In the Amiens fighting,
he Germans attempted to advance for
he purpose of improving their posi
iou, au attempt that was defeated
with heavy looses.
The bombardment of Paris by the
German long range eanuon continues.
Yesterday the shells found a large
lumber of victims than nsual, thirteen
eing killed and forty-five wounded,
k majority being women and children.
Premier Clemeneeau returned from
the front yesterday, confident iu the
final outcome of the great battle aloug
the western line.
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Associ
ated Press) The present requirement
that naval officers must have served
two years at sea before being promot
ed will be modified so as to permit of (
speedier promotion, if Secretary an i
iela prevails in his plans. He has asked
that the requirement be modified, the '
great increase in toe sue of the navy
making it imperative to have more
w. a. a. , ,
(Associated Press) Two British mis
sions have arrived here and will pro
ceed to New Tork. 1
for th vast number of casualties and
th medic si sertiee has broken down
adrtos strain, both medicine and
hospital supplies being lacking. No
morphine is available.
' Other news reeeived from the war
son shows that Germany is hard press
ed for man-power, due to her tremen
dous sacrifice on the Vest.
Permanently disabled r4dter)i , tare
being retained in the army and cripples
have been called to th colore.
1 Th Vnrwaerts (quotes Socialist De-
puty Kyssei, speaking In the reichstag,
as telling of these conditions and say
that others have bared sensational eon
ditiona showing the same depletion of
Strikers and other political offenders
have ben forced into the army as
guaishhu-nt. ' Twenty who joined th
ooialist have been drafted. The sol
diers are complaining of insufficient
food and bnd food.
another hun? just
Wait a minute
April lfl (Official)
News has been
received here that
two hundred Americans routed four
hundred picked Germans on a certain
sector, killing sivty-four. One Amer
ican private, a former coal miner, kill
ed one and captured three out of a
group of eight who he had attacked
Bringing his prisoners to headquar
ter, he asked an officer for a match
to light a cigarette. The officer replied,
"Yes, for another prisoner."
Th private rushed from the trench
and in a few minutes brought in an
other prisoner.
inst Italy
be Resumed
tions In the Auetro-Hungarian press,
which has begna to prepare the public
for news of heavy losses along the
Italian front. The victory which it
to be gained, states the Inspired press,
is to be the means of bringing the war
to as end and will be worth whatever
heavy price it will be necessary to pay.
The German press is also discussing
the coming offensive, intimating that
the drive will be heaviest along the
Trentino section, where the effort will
b made to open s new doorway for
th invasion of France. Switzerland,
says the Vosaisehe Zeitung of Berlin
will probably m encircled as a result of
this new movement and the path be
tween Italy and Prnnce will be blocked.
Efforts Made By Nation Rapidly
Resulting, In Tonnage
r 1 For War Zones
WASHINGTON, April 16 (Official)
From all parts of the country daily
reports are now coming in of actual or
early launrhlngs of new ships, show
in); that the vigorous efforts being
iimde by the Uuited States are rapidly
culminating in tonnage for the war
Specinl trains with fifty million feet
of lumber are being rushed east from
the Pacific Coast so that the launch
ing of eighteen wooden vessels by May
I at Atlantic ports may not 'be de
layed. To Build Concrete Ship
The shipping board baa asked con
Kres for fifteen million dollars for the
purpose of Immediately starting con
i rcte construction under a fifty mil
lion dollar program. Rapidity and
cheapness of construction were the fea
-tiires that were decisive In winning
Ho eminent approval for concrete ships
following the successful launching of
tln 5000 ton ship Faith on the Pa
cific Coast.
The construction of much larger fer
ro concrete ships than the Faith hat
alremly leen started. The capacity of
America's engine and boiler plate
plants is being taxed to provide the
motive power for the vaBt number of
new vessels under construction and
The I'nited Htates Hteel Corporation
is now disclosed as a larger builder
of xliip. The stockholders have been
informed that work has been under
taken, at the government's request, at
n cost of fourteen million dollars, on
the const ruction of new plnnts which
will be uble soon to complete a ship
every ten days.
Tlie I'nited States Shipping Hoard
official believe that the time is at
baud when critics of America's "slow
ncss" will be silenced by the facts.
They assert that there is no actual
tlownesK, when the sise of the program
is taken into consideration.
w. . a.
HOI'STON, Texas, April 17 (Asso
riatvd Press) Three more aviator met
death here yesterday, as the result of
two jn ci.lc 'ts in the air over the avia
tion training grounds, l.ieut. Kolaad
Winterton, of Massachusetts, Lieut. !ee
Nugent, of Iowa, and Cadet Forest
Jones, of Massachusetts, were the men
who died iu the service of their coun
try. W. I. 8. -
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Associa-t-d
Press) Secretary of tha Navy
Ononis learned yesterday hon it feels
to i-n.r hiyh in the air. He Wis n pas
aenp'r in a hydroaeroplane thut flew
over the capital city.
Emergency On Island of Hawaii
Is Held To Demand Immediate
' Legislation, Say Memberi " v
Big Island Supervisors Lay Mat
ter Before Governor Assert V
Appropriations Badly Needed v
It was practically assured' last
night that a special session of thJgi
I slur will be held soon, probably, ye
this month, to meet an emergency that
was presented to the Governor ' knf
other territorial officials yesterday by a
delegation of jiffleials from the Island
of Hawaii; Th emergency grow out
of the terrific storm whis swept Hawaii
a few days ago and destroyed ditches,
roads and bridges.
Those in th party who laid th mat'
ter before the Governor yesterday are
-4am Kauhane, chairman "of the board,
of supervisors of Hawaii; Julia B.
Yates, member of the board) A. C
Wheeler, county engineer of Hawaii
and Donald 8. Bowman, chief sanitary
Inspector of the board of health on
Plantation Bit '-.
All the plantations on the island suf
fered serious damage in the gal that
wept the island, which was called the
worst in a half century by old resi
dents, as a result of the rale, which
tore out roads and bridges and swept
away irrigation ditches. Union. Hawi
and Nlulii plantations are now wholly
It is to avert additional great losses
'hat it Is held that a special session ejf
the legislators ' is absolutely necessary,
t the emergency' the Territory is found
ro be without funds to carry on wrk
)t repairs and the only means to ob
tain th money needed, estimated t
about 490,000, is for the legislature U
Tieet and make an appropriation. K
According to plans now outlined ' It
is believed the money can be mad
xvailable without disturbing the bud
et. This ean be accomplished , by
amending an existing appropriation act
o that money appropriated for ethet
nurposef t the session of 1617 can be
Hiverted to meet the present need.
Brief Bession r,
According to plans Outlined the logis
ature need be in session but five days
ina it is inienaeu to rail the session
to open on a Tuesday so that it can ad-
'ourn the following Saturday. The act
t is proposed to amend is Act 215 en
icted t the 1017 cession to provide for
lublic improvements. sThe changes are
-o he, made in seettoni.ISa and 20a of
'n"1- ;. I...,
As the act standsaectfera 19 pro;
vides an appropriation of. $50,000 for a
elt road at North Iohala beginning
"rom the completed, portion ,of the
sphalt macadam road, at the junction
of the Waimea-Kohala road in North
'Cnhala and running twards South Ko
ala boundary.
Section 20a of the act appropriated
MO,(mo for a belt road at Kokaiau. If
these two sections' can be merged into
one providing that the fW.UOU tbev
arry shall be used for the repair Of
onds and bridges on the Island of
'fawaii, the emergency can be met.
Must Sell 'Bonds
It is necessary, however, that ar
-angements be completed to insure the
rumpt sale of the bonds, and it is said
hat this cun be done by interests on
'he Island of Hawaii.
No announcement that he would call
i special session was made yesterday
Uv the Governor, who said he "had
the matter under consideration", but
members of the delegation earrled away
he impression that he was wholly cor
lial toward the purpose and hold the
view that the call for the special ses
don will be forthcoming within the
lent few days.
Senator Charles Chillingworth,' presi
lent or the senate, who was in con
ference with the visitors, said last night
'hat from What had been said a special
lession appeared to be "an absolute
lecessity ' '.
Speaker Coming
Sam Kauhune, who headed the dele
Ration, communicated by wireless yes
'onlay with Speaker H. L. Hoist ein
if the house, who is at bis home on
the Island of Hawaii. The speaker
iaid he would come to Honolulu at once
nd also expressed approval of the pur
nose to hold the extra session.
The Governor has not the power to
limit ttie leiiL'th of special sessions of
the house, bu he may limit (ction by
ipecifyinv what the call IS issued for.
No time has yet been definitely fixed
for the opening of the special session.
f it is called, but it has been Suggested
that questions relating to the disposal
of the bonds and other questions can
he disposed of in time to call the legis
lators together at an early date.
w. a. a.
VASA, Finland, April 17 (Associat
ed Press) The Oermnna took several
thousand prisoners and math booty
when they occupied Helsingfors a few
davs sho, according to the report of
the German commander of the invad
ing forces.
W. 8 8.
The fame of ( hamberlain 'a Coul'Ii
Ki-inc.lv is world wide.. It is good for
the deep veuted cough of the adult or
th- croup o ltd whooping cough of th
children. The aame bottle serves th
! whole family, i'or sale by all dealer'
Henson, Smith & ., agents for V'i
waii. Adrt.
Bold Pasha; French-"
Traitor and Hon
Spy, Put to Death
Man Convicted of Disseminating
German Propaganda Through
out France and Who Also
Worked In United States, Pays
PABIH. April 17 (Associated Pre)
Bolo Pasha, French traitor and. spy
fat Oermany, was put to death yester;
day af Vincennes. ' r -,
- Bolo, convicted sfter a long and
highly sensational trial of spreading
German propaganda throughout franc,
hud whtwalso did part of hi traitor
ous work in the United States, strong
ly( maintained his innocence until a
few days ago, when he broke down and
confessed his crimes. ,' .
t It was announced that in his coafe-
sion he made statements of the great
est importance, and it is believed the
government through him obtained in
fonpatkia which will be used in the
trial of others accused with him of
working in the interests of Germany.
. The meet prominent of these aceased
of complicity in the traitorous acts of
Bolt) Pasha is Former rretnler Joseph
uaillaux, who is now awaiting trlaL'
Following his conviction, Bolo ap
pealed his case, but the court of final
jurisdiction denied his appeal and af
firmed the sentence of death passed up
on him by ths trial court. ,
w. p. a.
Germany's Hopes of Obtaining
Great Supplies Are Dashed;
No Prospect of Any Harvest
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Associa
ted Press) Germany 's expectation of
obtaining great supplies of food front
h Ukraine following her occupation
of that country have been dashed, or
there is no food. The hopes of her
hungry population had built np of at
last getting a reasonable amount of
eat were built on nothing and the ex
peetation of her war leaders that the
Ukraine would furnish supplies where
with to .bolster up their ambition were
based on incorrect information.
."'Fk ITfecinian minorM ,mntv '
I - . - - n rs - - - r J t
ays th French official statement, cmot
ing the correspondent of the Frankfur
ter Zeitnng. "and as a result of the dis
position of the land holders, there is
no prospect or a harvest. The crops
on the agricultural lands have been
lestroyed, the sugar industrv is ruined
and the people of ITkrainia have given
themselves over to drink. Drunkenness
i increasing among them."
The Ukraine Is a jric,h,apd tertfle
aoirntryV and Germany's chief reason
for Invading it and taking possession
was rue belier that the land was I
great storehouse whence could be ob
talned immense quantities of supplies
w. a. a.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 16 (Asso
uiated Press) Assistant District Attor
ney Annette Adams today opened the
arguments for the prosecution In the
Hindu conspiracy case. It is expecte
thut the prosecution will conclude the
argument today and the defense open
w. a.
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Assoria
ted Press) All wooden ships at pres
.'tit on the ways in course of construc
tion will probably be kept busy dur
ing the war, it was announced yeeter
iay by government officials. The an
nouncement made recently that the
policy of building wooden ships would
c abandoned in favor of eoneentra
'iug effort upon the construction of
tecl and concrete vessels did not
mean, it is stated, thst th present
slants devoted to wooden ship eon
it ruction will be abandoned. They
ill go ahead with their work, but new
lants for such construction will not bs
stablished. A forty-seven hundred ton
voodon vessel will be used as the
uodul of construction.
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Associn
ted ' Press) Ah important step was
taken yesterday toward speeding up
the construction of ships when Charles
M. Schwab, the steel man, was appoint
ed director general of the Emergency
Fleet Corporation.
Hchwab will have direct and entire
suMTvislon of construction, and It is
believed that under his direction the
work of rushing to completion the ves
sels to combat the submarine menace
uud to transport to Europe the men
a ml supplies so urgently needed to
hurl back the Hun will be greatly ac
Vice-president Iiea of the Kmergenry
Fleet Corporation will retain his posi
United States "To
'(Set Sixty-six
Ships From Japan
Vessels Aggregating 514,000
Tons To Be Turned Over To
America, Tokio Announces;
Much More Than Tonnage
Asked For
TOKIO, April 17- (Specinl Cable
ram to Hawaii Shlnpo) An streo-
skrtit has I sen cot-eluded between tup-
and the United Htatct, it was official
ly announced here yesterday WhrMy
America will get from Japan sixty
sis chips, of an aggregate tonnag of
014,000 ton, to be used until th end
of nxt year.
This is a great increase over the num
ber of vessels and the tonnage origin
ally agreed upon between th two coun
tries. Japan recently agreed to let the
I'nited Htates have ships enrreitatiiur
150,000 tons, and America has been
negotiating for an additional 200,000
W 8. 8.
ftVA&HINOTON, April ji Associa
ted , Press) The navy department has
not abandoned hope forMhe' big col
lier Cyclops, which is mo'r' th4 a
month overdue from Brtili''pott
with a cargo of mangan.. Despit
th disclosure that t.ieut.-Comsodr. O.
W. Worley, in command of th Teasel,
Is a German by birth, whoa real nam
is Wichtmann, the official of th de
partment hope that ths mystery of her
disappearance may be accounted for
ia some other way than by treachery
and that she mny be found, with her
crew of more than 200 Americans safe.
A. thorough search la being made for
W. 8. 8.
Baker is Confident
Of Capacity
Of General Pershing
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Associat
ed Press) General Pershing is th
right man in the right place and is
abundantly able to lead the American
troops to victory against the Huns, ia
the opinion of Secretary of War Baker.
Mr. Baker announced yesterday that
he had full confidence ' in General
Pershing's ability and capacity. -
The secretary of war alsoaid that
during 'his recent Visit to France h
became convinced that all Information
concerning army affair tn Europe
should come from General Pershing.
The plans of commander in. chief Gen
era! Forh, ho aid, should be for the
President only. li'-- r. '..'
" w, (I.- 8. 1
LONDON, April 18 (Associated
Press) Ten Oenuan trawlers have
been sunk in the Cattegat by ths gun
fire of British naval forces, it was
officially announced today. The crews
of the trawlers were saved by the
British ships. There wore no casual
ties among the British.
V, 8. 8.
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Associa
ted Press) German prisoners are not
to be allowed to eat the bread of Idle
ness, it has boen decided by the war
deportment. It was announced yestcr
dav by the department that the prison
ers must earn their keep by building
Keep Fit For the
Daily Struggle
You can't afford to be laid up with
sore, aching kidneys in these days of
high prices. Home occupations bring
kidney troubles; almost any work
makes weak kidneys worse. If you
feel tired all the time, and suffer be
sides with lame back, sharp pains
li..v spull, headaches ami disor.ltire
kidney action, use Doau 's Backacb
Kidney Tills. It may save au attack o
rheumatism, dropsy, heart trouble o
rtright's disease. Doan's have helpe
thousands back to health.
" When Your Baek is Lame P.cmem
ber the Name." (Don't simply ssk fo?
a kidney remedy ask distinctly fo
Douu 's Har.kacbe Kidney Pills and tak
no other). Doan's Backache Kidre
Pills are sold by all druggists and store
keepers, oi will be mailed on receipt o'
price by the Hollister Drug Co., o
eUnxori Smith A Co., agents for thi
Hawaiian Islands. (Advertisement)
e mite is
C "-t- U '
TO be tens
Dillon Warns House
That Irish Feeling
Is Running High
LONDON. April 17 (Asso
ciated Press) Following; the
passage of the Man Power Bill
on third reading in the commons,
over the vigorous opposition of
the Irish Nationalists, it was an
nounced that the bill to provide
Home Rule for Ireland will be
introduced immediately and that
the Lloyd George cabinet staked
its existence on the passage of the
This announcement was made
by George N. Barnes, a member
of the British wax cabinet, who
holds no other portfolio, who
stated that if the house, of lords
refused to pass the Home Rule
Bill as it came from the com
mons, the Lloyd George ministry
would resign and 'throw the re
sponsibility upon the upper 'house
of having produced ministerial
crisis in the most serious hour of
British history.
The Premier made an extended
address in the commons when the
Man Power Bill'wM up for final
reading, among other things an
nouncing that Germany has just
called to the colors another half
million men. Geat Britain must
prepare to match German force
with force and continue to put
her man power into the field until
German militarism is crushed and
defeated. s
It is equally desirable as a war
measure that the bill tp provide
Home Rule: fofi-Ifland' "fas
sirabie tn the interest of the auc- ,
,i -..,,- ,. t - i i .i. it ,i
cess of our arms in the war that
the Irish question be taken up ,
and ettlled,' he said. "We must
produce a settlement that will
bring contentment to Ireland and
earn fof us the goodwill of the
many friends of the Irish people
in the United States".
John Dillon, the new leader of
the Irish Nationalists, moved ati
amendment to the Man Power
Bill that -would exclude Ireland
from the conscription provision,
warning the house that it would
he dangerous to pass the bill in
its present form, even when
coupled with assurances of Home.
He said that the feeling engen
dered in Ireland at the present
time by the threat of conscription is
the highest he had ever seen and ho
warned his colleagues that the passage,
of the conscription legislation for Ire
land would turn that country into au
other Belgium, as the people would
never submit while alive and able to
On final division the Man Power
Bill was passed by a vote of three
hundred and one to one hundred
WASHINGTON, April !( Associa
ted Press) The casualty list for to
lay, aa announced la despatches re-
eivrd by the government (rom France,
'otals sixty-five. Of these, two were
illed in action, four died of wounds,
ne of accident twelve of diseases; of
he wounded thirty-seven are slight
ly and seven severely hurt. Two are
stockarket shows
WASHINGTON, April ltt (Ofticial)
The confidence of the United States
that the Oermaa offensive on the west
ern front will be balked until the Uuit
ed States caa throw its power effect
ively into the scales ia best shown by
the general advance in quotations ou
the stock market.
-1 .
' .-ir:'i

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