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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 07, 1918, Image 1

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Ln''Ka 37 ' - ' x ' ' - ' HONOLULU. HAWAII TERRITORY, ' TUESDAY, MAY 7, 1918. -SEMI-WEEKLY " WHOLE NUMBER . 4736
AMERICAN Red Cross Nurses In the living room of a portable house erected back of the American lines in France. These are
the brave and heroic women who are facing risk of death, hardships, privations' and Working tirelessly to relieve the suffer
Ingt of the wounded and roaimed Who have fallen fighting the cause of world democracy, liberty, freedom and justice.
. r f i ;"
- ... - - - - i. .
lit .1 ul I i . J t M I ' II
' ... I
WUI ltll .J . ...... I
Huh Friflhtfulness It Shown By
Furious ; Bombardment - With
Mustard Gas Shells But Infan
try Attack Does Not Follow
Hun Airplanes Are Now Decorat
ed At Americans In Effort To
D e c e I v 6 r- Several French
Crosses Given For , Bravery , ;
FRANCE, May 7 Associ
ated Pre) In addition to the
fighting taking place along the
American front on' the Sotnme,
the Americana elsewhere have
been more or less active.
Artillery duels of considerable
violence have been' taking, place
along the Lorraine sectors. The
American lines at Seicheprey, the
scene of the heaviest German
raid, were heavily bombarded
yesterday. The Americans were
prepared for another raid, but the
German infantry made no move.
American guns pounded a Ger
man sector on . the Luneville
front, following this, wjth a raid
which resulted in the capture of
a few prisoners. , On the theory
that the Qermans might believe
the activity ended, with ie return
of -the raiders' "tahr nrvlita
tM. might inovieorward? tpT re
occupy their ' front i ' lires,f ; the
American bombardment wak' sud
denly resumed 'and another raid
carried out. The raiders this time
found only unoccupied and bat
tered trenches, the Germans hav
ing failed to return.
Among the .casualties of the
day was Lieut. John Rosenwald
of Minneapolis, killed by a Ger
man shell. Rosenwald was a
famous football player.
Yesterday's official notices stat
ed that on the Somme front the
French commander had decorated
an American officer and three
American privates with the
French war cross, for gallantry in
action during the recent German
attack. 1
The Germani are introducing new
forma of fighting to the Americana.
Yraterday German planea flew over the
American lines diignised American
planes, painted with th distinctive
American insignia. The deception, was
quickly observed. Anlt&arA r4kt
weapon consists of bottles ef liqtiid
which induces nausea among; those who
breathe the fumes after the. bottles are
throws and broken. ? Beyond the tesh
, porary sickness, nof evil effects, frofo
this new weapon ha be detected.
It was announced jjby General
tershlng yesterday thst Brigadier Ges1
ral , AJvord, espeditionary . adjutant
Ssneral, and Brigadier General A. .
radley had been Telieed from fleld
service on account of health and would
return to the United states.
WASHINGTON, Jly 6 (Official)
American successes in Lorraine east
of Luneville, near the German border,
sad In the Tout seetor as well are told
In despatches from France.
In the former sector American forces
successfully penetrated a village and
took a number of prisoners.
In the Toul seetor the American
barrage eleared the German trenehes
for a raid which penetrated to the
third line of trenches without the finding-
of any enemy alive.
Americans fighting In Picardy have
captured a Teuton patrol.
The wr department reports the
total thus far of Americans killed,
missing and wounded is 4650.
It Is reported that the Germans are
throwing bottles containing some liq
uid. When those bottles break the
fumes cause nausea but do no other
i. . WASmNOTOW, May 7 (As
sociated Pra)-AietlcNi prl
ener ef rf in Germany are be
In I herrlaly ma.treated hya their
captors.. Aceonnt ef the details
' te some instance hare, been given
br a Trench prisoner wb mad
bis escapv a&4 bat reached the
Arharlcaa line. Thee account
fully wurcat the course of the
itaM department In holding the
Hun reply- that Americans art
trested a otaar prisoners f war
. af thT naUonallUe held in Oer
asnny van not a aatisf artery an-
'swat to the questions which Spain
rwse askad, to propound.
This aseapad prison character
ise tan treatment which Amer
ican war prisoner are recelrlnf
a suanwrul.' He bad lnter
Tltwad one American, bn said,
who told bun that he bad, lost
thirty 'three , pounds in three
month. ,
Prisoners are compelled to work
In salt mine.
I"or alleged infraction of rales
- they are sererely punished, are
confined In dark cell and fed
only brand and water and little
Death front the cruel and in
known treatment are freqtMnt.
-w. a. a. -
111 II
Assistant Attorney General Tells
What They Are and How
, Pernicious Are Activities
WASHINGTON, May 7 (Aaeociated
Pre) Passage of the legislation
which i designed, to effectually curb
and control the pernicious activities of
the Industrial Worker of the World
and,' kiadred organisation by the senate
yesterday forecast it early enactment
into a law,
. William C. Fitta, assisUnt attorney
general Of th United. SUtea ha had
charge of tb "natioaWidt nampaign
procaon n many oi fleir leader,
fently to!4 tho Mississippi State bar
blame the Onrnian govornment which,
he said, ha 'encouraged th spreading!
of th doctrine of sabotage ' in the
United State. H believes, however,
that civil processes wonld be sufBcient
to curl them.,
War upon Labor
The L W W. are related by their
theorie to International Bods, Bolshe
vikl, and other revolutionist, said Mr.
FitU and all "are making war, first
on legitimate labor organisations and
on the very social fabric which pro
tects them and vs."
Mr. FitU said h had extensive evl
dence that th L W. W. ''have prevent
el the raising of crop by practising I
(. X. .,! i
auvvKV aaa o aa w aau (Mas ay wti4U uu j .
reaping. They nave put phosphorus
balls In shock of wheat, in bales of
hay and in barns. They have destroyed
harvesting machinery and placed dyna
mitA In tha ilinfi TnAV hva ftfiatrftv
ed mature fruit tree by driving cop-
ner nail Into them below the surface of i
the ground.
Work In Mines
"They have destroyed mining ma
chinery, especially In the copper mines
and In the mlnee where the minerals
essential to the conduct of the war are
mined or produced. They have fired
the forests, particularly the forests of
spruce; that being th wood essential
for making airplanes. They have de
stroyed saws In the saw mills by driv
ing pieces of steel or iron In the logs
so as to break the band saws and un
nerve the sawyers. They saw lumber
shorter than standard lengths. The I.
W. W. have surrounded court houses
and packed court rooms for the purpose
of putting over their plan. They
have taken possession of railroad trains
ami assaulted and murdered the train
srewa. They missend freight, misplace
signal lights, and put ornery dust or
sand in journal boxes, on railroad cars.
Nefarious Practises
"Members of the organisation place
foreign substances In food la hotels
and restaurants, break crockery, dip
table forks in crude oil, use stink pots
in dining rooms arid put bed bugs in
beds. They plant trees upside down,
shock graia with the heads down, hoe
up potato vines Instead of weeds, bruise
apples and other fruit In packing. They
remove units from carefullv adjusted
machinery, misplace and omit parts of
' copy ' in printing offices and put for
eign substances in canned goods.
Membership Bequlremeats
"No man can bo an I. W. W. -who
possesses a much a $30 in money or
property, or who has permanent employ
ment, or who becomes a soldier or a
sailor of any country.
"They view , with alarm the prepara
tion of the country to resist Its foreign
enemies, because they not only would
gladly witness th triumph of those
enemies but alto because they do not
want th country to be prepared to
meet and stamp out th anarchy which
tbey Intend to forraest from within.
All their communication begin with
(Continued on Pake 7 Column 4)
Bolshevist, Demand
Early Intervention
Effort To ' Force Recognition of
Soviet Government May In
stead Result In Still More
Drastic Policies and Action By
Japan V
WASHINGTON, May 7 (Associated
Press) What is behaved here to be
the desire of the Moscow Soviets to
fore recognition of their government
by the Allie ahd the United States
is Iqadiag tq.. further complication in
Siberia and is. bringing forward again
tha pteslbtUty f Japanese, interven-tloa.,.-
On atnrday demand was mad
upon the amhmsjtdors of Britain, Jap
an sif..nairti)al fnutho removal ef the
anaiaifla cif the& raaneotlve countrina
frm yudirostok; on tha ground that
tbes consular rcpreleatatives were im
plicated in anti-Bolshevist plots. Yes
terday, according to a Renter despatch,
received, via London, th Bolshevik 1
have seised and arrested the Japaneae
eounsul at Irkutsk and with him the
Irkutsk president of the Japanese Mer
chant'. Association, charging the two
with being military spies.
Despatches from Moscow state that
no response has a yet been made to
the Bolahevlkl demand respecting the
Vladivostok consul by any of the em
haaxies approached. It is pointed out
in the despatoh that these demands
were made by th Soviets coincidentlv
. 1 . 1 t , A . . -
bach, the new German ambassador to
the Bolshevik! government.
At the Japanese embassy an official
denial was made of th Bussian charge
that the Japaneae marine at Vladivo
stok had been reinforced and that ma
rnine gnn ' mplneomont were being
lt i believed here that the Bolahe
viki demand for the removal of the
Vladivostok consuls is a move to force
American recognition of the Soviets
government and an evidence of the!
di termination of the Bolshevik! to
force the withdrawal from the Siberian
port of the Japanese and British ma
rines in order to permit them to. se
cure the munitions in store at Vladi
vostok for. shipment east over the
Trans Siberian line.
w. i. n
LONDON, May 7 (Associated Press)
Zimmerman, the German eolonial en
thusiust, outlines tremendous plans of
colonial expansion for Germany in a
newspaper article dealing with the
commercial war which he says will fol
low the military war.
Germany must not confine its de
mands to the colonies of Belgium and
France in the Congo country, says the
writer. He conceives a great German
colonial empire in Contral Africa and
another similar empire in the South
He an after the military victory has
been won.
w. a. a.
HAN r'BANCISCO, May 6 (Associat
ed I'reHM) Brazil is preparing to ac
tively participate iu the fighting in
Kurope. Its part will be in the air ac
tivities. This is told by a Dutch coffee
buyer who is now here en route from
Santos to Java. He saya that prepara
tions are well under way, airplanes built
sud building aud a corps of aviators i
lieing trained.
Deliveiyof Bonds
In Tp Weeks ; ; i
Plan of eryent .
Added Forces of Printers Engag
ed For Day and Night Shifts
and Great Task of Taking Mil
lions of Imprints. Will Be Rec
ord Breaking , ' t
WASHINGTON May 7-X( Associated
Press) While th toUl of the subscrip
tions for bond -Of th Third Liberty
Loan may not bo accurately known for
nearly a week, it la espaeted th bonds
will be ready for" deli very la two weeks.
Already -plana to aa-ompKah this re
markable effort hav ben perfected
and put Into operation.' )-. ! V v
, Extra "'feve ot-lrinerfciW b
but work on the engraving' and print
ing of the new issue of war bonds ami
the forces will work night and day
in shifts until the great task has been
completed,. the greatest undertaking of
its kind that las ever fallen upon the
government printing office because of
the magnitude of the list of subscribers
among whom the issue U to 6e divided.
WASHINGTON, May 9 (Official)
Totals for the Liberty Loan so far as
tabulated are approaching the "four bill
ion mark but It Will be aeveral davs be
fore accurate figures lor the amount I
subscribed can be given. It is now es
tiniated that the subscribers have ex
I cceded 17,000 in number, nearly double
the number or subscribers to the second
Secretary of Treasury McAdoo is
oMiily gratified by the tremendous suc
cess of the campaign. Ho said it was
a uioat heartening manifestation of
American patriotism and of th inflexi
ble determination1 to support the war
until a decisive victory has sbeen
W. a. B.
LONDON, May 8 (Associated Press)
John Dillon, leader of the Irish Na
tionalists, and Eugene De Vale r a, the
Hinn Fein leader, spoke from the same
platform at a great meeting in East
Mayo yesterday against conscription.
The meeting was characterised by
good hurour and enthusiasm and the
same qualities characterised n demon
stration by the audience of 15,000.
Dillon said that if th Irish kept
united and determined for another two
weeks, they will defeat conscription.
De Valera said that hi followers
will unite with the Dillon forces to
defeat conscription.
, w. 8. a
LONDON, May 7 (Associated Prens)
How xroiit was the pressure brought
to bur upon Rumania to forr the ac
(uptime? of a IVtiton peace 1 told y
a mrmbfr of American Red Cross mis
sion to HuniHiiia who is now here.
This man says that in February
Coviut voir Czttrnin proceeded secretly
to Jaasy and issued aa ultimatum to
Ferdinand of ltumania. The monarch
was told that unless he accepted the
German peace terms forthwith the
royal hoimc of Rumania would be de
posed aud (lie rountry would be divid
ed between Austria and Bulgaria.
LONDON, May 7 (Associated Pre)
-Xkeupation of Es Halt having served
it purpose it has been abandoned in
connection with a general shifting of
the British lines along the bank of
th Biver Jordan, the withdrawal be
ing reported in connection with recent
British successes in which thousand
Turk and twenty nine machine guns
are reported to have been captured.
Details of the fighting which led np
to the capture of H Halt are given
by the Associated Press correspondent.
It was at Mahadetbadjlak, where the
baptism of Christ Isfatd to hav taken
place, that th British array forced a
passage of , the Biver Jordan after a
brisk, engagement with the Tark d
a amal body of German oactho night
spot.' Th average, breadth of - th
Jordan is thirty yards and even in the
driest season the water fords are nev
er less than three and a half to fonr
feet deep. Both banks are lined with
a thick jungls ealled by the Arabs
" fjzor " and is the haunt of wild boar.
It is traversed by very few tracks
leading to the fords.
Crossing Difficult
At two of ths fords even men on
horseback were nnable to breast the
strong current, while rafts and pon
toons were swept away. The Turks,
alive to the fact that the crossing was
'n'g i"pwa, m are o some ury
scrub on their side of the bank which
lit up the water almost with bright
neas of daylight revealing with cruel
dintinetness our men venturing from
rover in the thicket at Mahadethed
jlah. There the river has a straighter
run and the current is consequently
lean swift. Seven volunteers succeed
ed in swimming to th other bank with
a rope by mean of which a pontoon
Blaze In St. Louis Occasions
Losses Estimated At Three
Million Dollars
HT. LOUIS, May 7 (Associated
Press) Several hundred thousand
bushels of wheat were destroyed yes
terday in a fire which broke out on
the river front. Th bias spread rap
idly after its discovery, extending to
a packing house and to store houses
and before it was finally controlled ami
extinguished a loss of three millions of
dollars had been sustained, according
to the police.
Federal state and municipal author
ities are investigating to ascertain the
cause of the fir and its spread.
w. s. a.
HAGUE, May 7 (Associated Fresa)
Germany will not ship airplanes,
armB or ammunition through Holland,
the Chamber wa told by Loden today
when he outlined the results of the
recent negotiations which followed the
ultimatum of this country's more
powerful neighbor.
N ANTES, May 7 (Associated Freso)
The death penalty was inflicted up
on two women spies of Germany today.
wa pulled over, serving a a ferry for
sumcieni xoree.
Bridge la Built
The British established a strong
bridgehead before dawa. The Turks
were not very numerous bnt were plen
ttfully supplied with machine can
Lll. t . , . .. ... . -
woiie me gronna lent itseir to derens.
Beyond the belt of scrub through
wnicn it was necessary to ent on'
way was a bar open space about tva
hundred yards wide and then a erie
of ledges where the Turk were
ensconed in trenehe with a perfect
nem zor nre in went or them. .While
daylight lasted it wa . Impossible ,. to
eroar in jane. Alter dusk th Brit-
ink 'rushed the Turkish, position...
steel pontoon bridge wan "coastrunfod
warenvw erasaeoV msst ,ja3Utly
nnan, galloping down th maohin run
ner and capturing three Maxim and
seventy prisoner.
Troop Kuan Over
Wheeling to th left the troop se
cured the opposite bank of the Ghor
aniyeh ford and soon the infantry was
pouring aero following close on th
heels of th Turk who made another
stand at 'Shunetnmrin across the old
caravan road leading to Es Salt.
There the troop wer among th
foothills of the mountain of Gilead
which rise a thousand feet from th
Jordan plain. It wa a short struggle
and the position wa rushed, thirty five
prisoners, all German, falling into Brit
ish hands, a well a four guns of
which the team were shot down by
Lewis guns. Then the troops raced
toward Es 8alt which was entered
early in the morning. Es Salt is the
center of an important grain region
which furnished the main supply for
Jerusalem in the days of the forks.
It is now again available.
Billion Needed For Machines and
Half a Billion To Arm;
Daniels Speeds Up
WASHINGTON-, May 7 (Asseclat
ed Press) One billion dollars for th
construction of airplane. Half a bil
lion dollar for their arming. These
are included in tha government' war
plans. The army budget contain the
provision for th billion dollars and
Chief of Htaff March yesterday told
congress that a half billion dollar will
be needed for th armament. He asked
that this amount be provided is the
emergency ordnance fund.
In asking for this great appropria-y
tion March said that 20,000 machiu
guns will be required for the govern
nient i air urogram.
Secretary of Navy Daniels yester
day took the necessary steps to secure
the planes which the naval aviation
service will require. He issued order
for the naval airplane building plant
at rnilaiieipnia to increase its eapacity
four fold.
W. . a. .
I' A HIS, May 7 (Associated Press)
- American labor delegates met th
representatives of the French serial
ittn yesterday.
The labor representatives of the tw
countries it ia privately understood
discussed the part which labor should
play in the final peace negotiations
when the time shall come.
Von Arnim's Plans In Flanders
Seem Balked But Observers
Agree End of Offensive On
West Front Has Not Come
Gas Shells Thrown Against Post- : .
tions By Thousands Allied
Artillery Prevents Further Ad
vances By Enemy Forces t
NEW YORK, May 7 (Asso
ciated Press) The Ger
mans appear to be balked in what" -ever
plans von Arnim may have
had for the continuation of his
drive in Flandern and the recently-
increased artillery activity on the '
Somme leads some military cri- '
tics to the belief that the next
German blow will be struck there,
in another drive for Amiens.
The opinion among the Amer
ican commanders with the French ,
army on the Somme front Is unan-
imous that the Germans will at
tack again and soon At the junc
tion of the French and British -fronts,
at which particular point
is a large part of the American '
army. It is felt that the Germans
are now holding untenable posl- ; '
tions froro which they must extrW
cate themselves through an gffen,
ive or definitely' abandon . and J
ajcknowled defeat, lit J&dr t est ,
efforts It is felt that, the blow
wilt fall soon, before the . Amer
ican strength can be greatly In- '
creased. k A,:,'
London shares in the belie!, of
Washington, and Paris .that the
resumption of heary fighting mai4
come at any time, but the impress
sion in the British capital is that :
there will be simultaneous blows
struck on the Yprea, Arras ahd
Amien sectors. ' -V .
On Sunday evening the Ger
mans put forth a sample of their
frightfulness against the Ameri
cans on this sector, following this ;
up with a second sample at mid
night The first exhibition came
in heavy bombardment of j the
American lines and rear with gas
shells, mainly of the "mustard"
type, of which fifteen thousand
were thrown over. At midnight
there was an intense bombard
ment of the lines, in the course :
of which several hundred more,
gas shells were sent over.
The enemy made no effort to
follow up their gas attack "and
bombardment with infantry, and i
the entire French line was free ,
during the day of infantry fight
ing. AxtUlary COraokS
Correspoadsnts with th Anglo
French fore ia Randan ataU that thi
Allied artillery has prevented ay Move
ments oa tha part of th German for ,
three day, tha French and British
guns smashing very attempt oa th
part of th Haas to concentrate for aa
advance or to reinforce their line t
ny extent. Th Qermaa ar anabl to
prepare for any surpris attacks tot
the purpose of searching out any rak
point there may be ia th Allied posi
tions, while their airmsn ar - being
hunted baek whenever thy appear. ,
May Botak Kaauoal . .'
Th reeaptur of Eemmel by th
AlHes ia now poasibU at any Um the
commander may deair to pay th
price ia men, according to tha. cor
respondent, and th German garrisoa
on that hill ontinues to be at th uerey
of th Allie anient th German decide
to run th gauntlet of th Allied artil
lery and throw heavy reinforcement
Into the position.
The British alrmea hav boea parti-
(Oontjausd oa Pag 7, Ooluma 4)

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