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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 24, 1918, Image 1

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May, 23, IPlft- Last Iwehty
fonr. hours' ralnfnU .00.
Temr.eratnra Min, f)7j Max.
0. Weather, Oar. ! (
VOL. . LH. . NO. ' 41 '
' WHOLE NUMBER 4741' : '
ximately Two Million Men : Backed By
Tremendous "); Ccnccntmtion M Big
Guns Are Waiting Orders
. 'i, i, v. ' '
Entente Leaders . Believe Attack Wilt Come
Within Next Few ;Days From lir f
Activity and Hea
NEVY YORK, May 24 (Associated Press)The German prep
arations for the resumption of their grand offensive are re
ported now to be completed and the Teutonic armies, aggregating
a total of practically two- million fighting men, backed by tremendous
concentrations of artillery, only await the order to launch themselves
in one more desperate effort for victory.'.'.' ' j '. .''.
That this order will come within the next few days is regarded
by the Entente general staffs as certain. - The Allies are awaiting
the German blow with supreme confidence in their ability to defeat
the worst the enemy can bring against them. .
Yesterday was marked by extremely violent artillery duels and
by an extraordinary number of air battles. The British, French and
American aviators ranged far. and wide behind the German lines,
seeking combat. This the Germans offered whenever it was pos
sible to outnumber the Allies, despite which fact the great major
ity of the victories fell to the Entente,
In one exploit the . Germans scored.,. Eluding the Allied air
patrols, a squadron circled' over, one of the British hospitals, well
behind the lines' and 'rained bomb, upon. the. Red Cross establish'
ment. Th hnrrrs rfr th raider uua tw-S ttinfc ViknArAa f umiml.
cd mcti and Tuauy nurses and attendants, were killed and wounded
by the bombs or by the flying fragments f buildings. .
During the , night - the Germans also raided Paris, succeeding
in reaching the city, despite the air barrage. A number of bombs
vere dropped within the city proper by the thirty raiding machines.
ne Parisian was killed and twelve injured.
While these feats were being performed, the Allied flyers were
luisy attacking the military depots and fortifications of the enemy,
liritish planes dropped eighteen tons of bombs on the German air
domes and billets back of their lines in France. Another raiding
1arty bombed the workers attempting to clear the obstructions sunk
in the Zeebrugge harbor, one British bomb sinking a German des
troyer by a direct hit.
Rritisli raiders on Wednesday night bombed the chloride works
at Mannheim, starting a big fire, and showered the railroad lines
leading into Liege, now being used heavily by the Germans in shift
ing their forces.
During the twenty-four hours the British shot down and des
troyed thirty-one German planes, including two large battle planes,
besides driving a number down out of control. In addition, two
observation balloons were destroyed. The British lost only three
machines during the day. Whether the aviators were killed or
captured is not known, the machines being posted as missing.
The French airmen have been most busy since the weather
cleared on Saturday and extensive airwork has been made possible. J
Since that time one hundred and five air combats have been official-i
ly reported, in which the French have scored heavily. Practically j
all the fighting took place over the German lines, which saved many '
of the enemy from capture after they had been forced to land. Out;
of the hundred and five battles in the air, the German machines were I
destroyed in thirty-seven instances and forced to land out of control
in sixty others. During the same period, eight German balloons
have been destroyed.
The German artillery was heaviest yesterday along those fronts
where it is expected their coming blows will be struck. On the
south side of the Flanders salient the fire attained hurricane propor
tions at times. In Northern France, between Albert and Lens, on
the Ancre Valley front and in the Avre Valley the big guns were
mii ployed throughout the day.
WASHINGTON, May 23 (Official)
Great activity on the part of Ameri
can aviators is noted in the despatches
from France. Two big German planes
have been dowued, it is reported. -
In the Toul hector the gas attack on
the Germans on Wednesday is report
ed to have been highly successful.
General Haig with hie British forces
hna repuked the Germans near Me
uili and has raided the foe's lines
arouod Hrbuterne. He also penetrat
'4 '
ed the enemy lines at two point south
east of Arras, taking prisoners and
machine guns.
rJust of Amicus there has beeu heavy
artillery fire.
Behind the German lines troop move
ments sre continuing heavy.
Reports from the Italian front tell
of successes by the Italian forces which
took fifty-three prisoners when they
destroyed the Austrian potations at
Monte BpinoDcia.
I III. vn
Louisiana First
Stale To Vote
Against Amendment
BATON EOUOE, LerdiUiu, Mar
24 (A"-oclitd PiM)Aftr tha
lower kooM n4 con on raoord ma
la favor or tba amendment to the
federal conrtttution which will give
the country prohibition from ocean
to ocean and from lake to gulf the
eaat lat yesterday afternoon, toy
a tingle vote, failed to rat Louisi
ana on Teeord foe the abolition of!
the liquet traffic
. The house yesterday adopted the
resolution endoralnf and ratifying1
tn 'proposed prohibition eonititn
tional amendment and recorded a
handsome majority In It favor. The
rote In- the eenat was a tie and
a it require a majority vote in
each hona of the legislature for
adoption this tatewent on record
a opposed to prohibition, the flrtt
of eleven ttatet which hare voted on
the proposal to stand In opposition.
The count now 1 ten state for the
amendment and one against.:
Cannot Come To United States
Unless Documents Are Ap
proved He Refuses
DUBLIN. May , U (A-t.oite(l
Press )UDleM . the mayor of Dublin
yields 14 the . demands of the British
gorernttteat hie proposed visit to the
United, States Will' have to.be called
off. la govriiiueajt-'lmanrie that ftwe.
Uooaroairtrmi-tnnwmhs to Jake !tlSr)i
hall be', submitted to the government
of Irelurtd for spprovil before he ran
go. Those documents he refuses to so
submit. !.
Balfour, writing to the anti -conscription
conferees, -has informed them that
no passport will be issued to Dublin's
mayor unless he shall submit all docu
ments which he purposes to take with
ti i in to the Irish government authori
ties for approval. The mayor has ab
solutely declined and still refuses to so
submit a message which has been en
trusted to him for delivery to President
Mrs. Emily Bicketts, sister of the
late Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish po
litical leader, died yesterday in a work
house hospital. The news has caused
a sensation.
Oklahoma Auctions Off Famous
Sack For $50,000 and
Sends It On
SAN KKANCISCO, May 24 (Associ
ated Press) The Shriners' sack of
flour, which has been sold at many of
the gatherings of Shriners throughout
the country, was auctioned yesterday
at the gathering of the Oklahoma Tem
ple for fifty thousand dollars, this
doubling the amount heretofore secured
for the Ked Cross through the continu
ous selling of the sack.
This word was telegraphed yesterday
to Islam Temple, by Clarence F. Pratt,
who is taking the aack from one temple
to another, with the plan of having
it offered tor. sal in each. The sack
is well protected for its trip, which
will be seventy-five thousand miles be
fore it has visited every shrine In North
America, as planned. It was given a
woven covering of lauhata in Hawaii,
copper bUTxl reinforcements in tplo;
ami now a itw flttie covering m
homa. ' "
w. a. s.
NEW YORK, May 24 ( Associated
Press)-- Peace is restored to the Repub
lican party. No longer is former Presi
dent Roosevelt "outside the breast
works." The past is to be forgotten
and the doughty Colonel ia to be once
more in good standing with the chasms
all bridged and old wound healed.
At a meeting- of the Republican club
VM last night it was voted to reinstate
Colonel Roosevelt who has been off the
roster of the club since he led the Bull
Moose movement against Taft.
. V v .
Service Between Washington and
New York Much, faster
Than Was Hoped
Project Experiment Only So Far
As Usinrj Aviation For .
. New Purpose' r; 'xiM
' NEW YORK, " May'' Hf-( Associated
Press) -United (States mkU from Wash
ington reached here yesterflay on han
dred and thirty-live sn In a tea after it
had been officially despatched from the
capital, this being threcj-querter of
an . hour ' faster, tbaa the schedule
drawn wp' when the sir fcnall service
was put into effect ft Mr day ago.
Yesterday's mail was brought by two
machine, equipped with 5-iberty mo
tors. The meohiae avetsgsd faster
than two mile a minute.
Air mail from -Chicago, b lng brought
by Catherine Stinson, ni w , regularly
worn into the- postal ten ice, was de
layed. :; The famous young iviatrix was
forced to stop it Bingharnpton, New
York, after mi I Ing a flight of seven
hundred and eighty-tare mile,.'. Sh
states that she would 'hay completed
her non-stop flight teNw Tork ex
cept for the fact 'that her supply of
gasoline had beeosa exhausted.
Ifo Longer Experiment
'With the establishment nf a regular
airplane mail service between Wash
ington and New York, the poatof&ee
considers thst : the project ia experi
mental only -in the sense that a now
familiar means of locomotion is to be
put practically -to a new -use. The war
ha demonstrated - effectively that the
airplane as eenveyane 1 almost a
dependable and safe so an 'automobile,
so the onlv real obstacle in the way
of successfully operating he new air
line lien in maintaining service under
all kfodk of weather condition. '
The .war department ha furnished
twelve large training planes for use
in the new service. Aviators have
been detailed from the 'ranks of fight
ing airmen, aa war department official
feel that the newly-eemmiaaionsd fliers
will acquire valuably training in pilot
ing the .Jbig mail -rCArrierii .over long
cross-conntrj- flights. f
The plane, eaelv eapable of a mini
mum speed of ninety miles an hour, are
built along the Knes of the regulation
bombing machine. They are one-scat-era
as a maximum of space is desired
in the fuselago for the storing of mail
Schedule Now Bxceeded
The schedule' provides for the depar
ture of one place each day from both
Washington and New York.. The ma
chine leave promptly at 11:30 in the
morning. Starting from the Mall in
Washington, near the Waahington
monument, the trip to Philadelphia,
about 135 milea, was expected to be
made in about an hour and twenty
minutes. At the hangars In North Phil
adelphia another machine is waiting,
ready to start the flight to New York
as soon yis the incoming plane lands
n nd the transfer of mail bags i made.
The second leg of the journey, from
Philadelphia to Belmont Held, in the
Long Island suburbs Of Mew York,
should he readily made in about an
hour. The larger plane carry about
H00 pounds of mail, or approximately
24.000 letters. The smaller machines
will carry about half that amount.
Kmergency landing fields will be es
tablished at Baltimore and Havre de
Grace, Marylund; Wilmington, Dela
ware and at either Princeton or New
Brunswick, New Jersey. In the case
of a machine hreil ing down at some
interurban point in its journey, the
mail sacks will be rushed by motor
truck to the nearest railroad ststion
where they will be sentforward in care
of a courier.
Rates Established
The rate of postage has been estab
lished by law at twenty-four cents an
ounce or fraction thereof. However
this entiltes the sender to have the let
ter forwarded to the addresses by spec
ial delivery service, in case the air
plane arrives too lute for the regular
city deliveries.
Letters mailed at Waahington, Phil
adelphia or .New York for delivery
in any part of the country may have
their delivery facilitated by sendiug
them on the first part of the journey
by airplane. In each city postmas
ters have designated the stations and
the hours at which letters for airplane
despatch may be mailed.
Special Stamp Used
A special stump has been designed
for the new service. It has a red bor
der, ami shows an airplane in flight on
a blue field.
The first stamp was sold to Post mas
ter-Oeneral Burleson who addressed a
letter to Postmaster Patten, of New
York. After cancellation of the stamp,
the letter was autographed by Presi
dent Wilson, and placed in the first
consignment of mail directed to New
York. The letter will bo sold at auc
tion, the proceeds to be devoted to
war relief.
During the first months of the serv
ice no flights will be made when sforui
conditions moke the journey very pre
carious. On those days the seeks will
(Continued on Pegs 3 Column 5.)
Rose Pastor Stokes
Is Convicted
Of Being Disloyal
Wife Of Wealthy New Yorker,
: . Prominent Lecturer, Found
. Guilty,. of Making Seditious
Statement! by. Federal Court
; KANSAS CITY, May 24 (Associat
ed Press) Mrs. Rose Pastor Stokes,!
widely known as a lectnrer, the wife
of the wealthy. Socialist, J. O. Phelps
Stoke f Nw York, was convicted
yesterday pa an indictment brought un
der the Espionage Act for disloyal aad (
seditious statements mads in lecture
and ia letter tn th press. She was ar
rested on March 82, pleaded rot guilty f
before Judge A. 8. Van Valkenburgh oa'
April S3 ana aa neon on trial for th
past thre day:.
History of Can
Mrs, Stok was arrested at Willow
Springs, Missouri, after she had mad '
an address objectionable to th federal
anthoritle. , ,. r
; One of th' causes coatributiag W
th arrest and subsequent indictment of
Mrs. Stokes was the publication of a.'
letter over her signature sent by her'
to the Kansas City Star, In which th
said she bad been misqnoted In an in-"
terview previously published by that
paper. The interview was obtained when
Mrs, Stokes was' here for an address
before the Women Dining Club. Fob
lowin this ah spoke ia several South-;
era Missouri town, bo til her arrest at
Willow Springs, 'i,
In her correction' to the Star ah
aid In part: ' -' ; t
"A heading in this even in' Issue
of the Star reader "Mrs. Stokes for
government aad against war at th
same timet I am not for th govern
ment.' In the interview that follow I
am quoted a having said: 'I believe
th government of the United State
should have the unqualified support of
everv eitUen ill it war alma,' ;
' "I made no such statement and I
believe in no neh thing. No govern
ment, which is for the profiteer, can
also be for th people and I am for
the rteorile. while the o-overament la for
the profiteer." . r ' )
,' All three eount of th indictment .
agajast Mr. Stoke ware based oa
this letter, Mr. Wilson said, and he
iih obi iea Deiors me gran a jury wit
nesses . telling of her subsequent ad
dresses and statements made by" her
supporting and amplifying the view
ah set forth In the letter; h said. -
i i , . i . . . . . . . ,.
New Regulations Will Put Idlers
To Work and Take Men
From Useless Positions
WASHINGTON, May 24 (Associat
ed Press) Enter a useful occupation
or fight for your country is the burden
of the orders which will be given to
registrants under the Selective Draft
Law in accord with the amendments
which were yesterday announced by
Provost Marshal General Crowder.
These new regulations are most drastic.
AH habitual idlers and all those who
are not engaged in useful occupations,
if they come within the draft age and
are registered under the law, are to
be brought before the local draft
boards to receive their instructions
which will be plain and to the point,
"work or right". Such registrsnts
are to be given their choice. They
may get a job if they are not working
or a job in some useful business if
they already have aaon essential occu
pat ion, or they must go into the army.
These new regulations may include
baseball players. It will eertaiSly In
dude gamblers, race track and pool
room touts, attendants and hangers on,
bucket shop attendants, elevator Oper
ators, store clerks, club and hote) at
tendants, as waiters and hall boy and
clerks. ,1
This list may be extended from time
to time but at present legitimate actors
are not included nor are other legiti
mate entertainers for entertainment
and relaxation for the actual workers
are deemed necessary.
It is expected that this plan will
save many of the labor problems, furn
ish workera for the farms, shipyards
and munition factories and to atop all
talk aa to the conscription of labor.
W a. a.
Managers Express Their Satis
faction At Cables Received
WASHINGTON, May 23 (Official)
Incomplete returns show that about
trn,()00,000 has thus far been raised
for the Red Cross. The other half it
rcgnrded as already assured and a large
ovornubscription will be sought.
Several states have already complet
ed their quota and after going over
the top are continuing onward. The
managers are especially pleased with
the cabled reports from Hawaii and
with Tokio, Guam aod Shanghai as
Leader, Comes From
Britain To
Replace Karl Much
LONDON, May 24 (Associat
ed , Press) Sir Henry Joseph
Wood, recognised aa on of th
great musical leader of Great
Britain, ha accepted th position
aa conductor of th Boston Sym
phony, from which position Karl
Much, th famous German con
tactor was recently discharged.
Kerr Much became th center of
a controversy when he refused to
permit hi symphony te render th
Star Spangled Banner, claiming
that It was not music worthy of
hi organisation. Whll h finally
consented to conduct hi mntip
In this air, hi position became un
tenable and he waa obliged to drop
w. a. a.
V.' 1 1 ' .
McAdoo Sends Orders To Public
. Printer Will Amount To
; Three Hundred Millions
. WASHINGTON, May 2! (Associat
ed Press) Bailrosd workmen sre to
get their Increase ia ware hut wheth
er the increase will be th (nil raise
which' waa advised in the report- of the
railroad wage committee has noi been
Director of Transportation McAdoo
has neat to th public printer th otder
which- will increase tb wage of rail
road employes, and it is. expected that
the .orders wil bniasuei within . th
oet four. day.. Y,. " " ' .. - 'i f
Ia the absence of direct etatemenu
it is intimated that the increase grant
ed will amount to and" probably will
exceed $300,000,000 annually.
WASHINGTON, May 23 (Official)
Director of Railroads McAdoo will re
tain the services of some of the rail
road presidents with whom he dispensed
in that capacity, naing them in mana
gerial directorate capacities but it is
entirely unlikely that any $100,000
salaries will be paid. He has announced
that none of the operating staffs are
to be disturbed at the present time.
w, a. a.
VANCOUVEB, May 24 (Associated
Press) Higher wages paid in the Unit
ed States has resulted in serious labor
trouble hare. Workers in the Dominion
are now demanding wages commensu
rate with those that are paid in the
Ten thousand ship builders went out
on strike last night by their votes and
the ship yards here will be idle today,
they assert.
Union officials last night declared
that it -is the intention of the unions
to compel the imperial munitions board
to pay wages equal to those which now
prevail In the ship yards of the United
WASHINGTON, May 23 (Associat
ed Press) Advices to the Italian em
bassy here say that the Italian crew
which penetrated into the Austrian
naval bass Pola, on the Adriatic, and
torpedoed a 20,000 ton -battleship, have
been raptured, being unable to extri
cate thenisches after sinking the big
SAN- KKANCISCO, May 23 (Offi
cial) The world's record for riveting
has again been broken after standing
only one day. A Pacific Coast yard 's
gang drove 07fl rivets. The (rang of
th rival plaut had driven StJL'O 011
Another workman reamed f6ft7 rivet
holes in a day, which is also a world 's
Secretary Baker
Asks Congress To
Furnish Nineteen ,
Billions For War
'Needs ' ''f,j;''M:;l
' ' f-V'-1 '.'
Progress Told By 4 J
Says Better Than
Had Been Ex--pected
WASHINGTON, - May i3 ' i
(Official) -.Secretary
Baker today submitted ta con-,
gress the program of the war de- .
partment for expenditures of $7,-; '
118,562,466 which will make the
total the department says is
quired for the rmy nearly Tiine "
teen billions of dollars as the
house of representatives has ' al
ready drafted fa bill which pro- ?
vides for expenditures amounting -1 - v
to $1 1 ,300,000,000. . ; ' , :
In presenting this program the
secretary of war said it was not
desired to spend all of these addi-'
tional seven billions of dollars a, .
this 'time but' he asked for $1,- ,
SOOJXXXOOOxbh.aad authority. to ':v .
close' contracts -which would, re-
quire the expenditure of the bak
ance as required. '' '7' c '''
The new items which were in- .' ,
eluded in the budget submitted to
congress today includes $1,150,' ,
000,000 for small arms and am-- ,
munition, for repairs and for tar-u
get ' practise; '-$545j051522 ;for ) '
making machine guns, rifles and
other arms ; $272,000,000 for arm-" :
ored cars; $1,063,131,119 for can
non ; $2701,394,437! for cannon
am munition;' $323,683,834 formal- '"J
tering artillery ; $72,000,000 for '
ammunition tests; $1,000,000,000;
for unspecified . "purposes which; ' '
are to be left to the discretion of ;; : )
the war department and the secre-'
tary of war. '. '...
Representative Caldwell in dis
cussing America's progress in the
war said that undoubtedly somp
mistakes had been made but, he.
declared, the United States had
done more than had been thought '
possible, considering the difficul- -ties
imposed in the preparations
and the transportation of men, '
equipment and supplies f 3000 .
miles overseas. He said that 90,
000 more soldiers had been sent '
to Pershing during the first ten
days of May and that the United.
States would have 1,000,000, all?i ;
armed and equipped, in France
oic year after the landing of the .
first contingent sent which is sup--posedly
the last of June.
WASHINGTON, May 23 (Offieial)
In Bohemia the spirit of revolt con
tinues high and rioting and violence
still prevail, according to the reporta
which have reached here today from
neutral capitals. '
In many towna there has been serious
rioting and the estates of Prinee Furst
enberx, a friend of the German kaiser
have been destroyed.
Thirty arrests were made ia Prague.

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