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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 12, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-07-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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rrvrm-'mkm win wm n mm immm mmMm
ai as a ii v w u m m m i m w am nu aw i
. r t
n crease
in Namb
iimiomntnange rrom rroposep AgreQiueot; ngtre
Satisfactory , Bat Less Than , First; Offered For
Enemy Held Stock la Atteiiptcd Reorganization
BeoTgnniintlon plans for the ticrmnn Were renoiyed. her to wait until ren
owned firm of lUckfeld Company tewntattvea of .the .lohn McCan.lles
art auia la the limelight an will oc- I
entiv the tn center until after th
meeting of July 19, nt loaBt. Those I
rlans are snbantiallv as i.rinted in !
ibanHally as i.rinted in
r wsterday mornina, the
mt change being that the
trust will consiHt of
Ihe Advertiser
only important
seven instead of five member. Two
members will not be selected until the '
stock in the new corporation shall hnve
been allotted and then will tie filled
bv the smrkholdera
Beren Trustee
The five known members of the hold-
ing-voting trust are Frank C. Ather
ton of I nstle k Cooke, Richard Cooke
of C. Brewer ft Company, Charles Hem-
enway Of Alexnnder" ft Baldwin, (Vorpe
Hhermnn and Bicbard. H. Trent. On
the face of it thia would seem to be
putting the Control of the new com-
pany ia the bunds of represenutives of
rival business houses but it is claimed
that tiV TKtMihla ohiectinnnlile fen-
tures to this wUl be removed, have al-
rendv been prevented.
No Previous Agreement
It was originally planned to have an
agreement sinned by all stockholders
m advance of the meeting at which
dissolution of Hockfvld ft Company is
decided on. It was from that agree
ment that Tho Advertiser secured its
information as to the terms of dissolu
tion and of reorganization. The plan
to secure such advance agreement has
been upset and abandoned and the
"hurry ii d'.' telegram necessitated an
other course of action. That course
wU'te' the adoption of the plan eon
tallied In the agreement, and published
by Th Advertiser, by the stockholders
at the meeting on the nineteenth in
stead of preliminary agreements. The
plan to be presented will be the agree-
meat deleted of all unnecessary verbi
age, eliminating a lot of "whereases' .
It is aUo that a perfectly satisfactory
figure to be reulixed for the stock of
H. Haekfeld ft Company has been de
cided on, one that removes the objec
tions that a few had found to signing
the agreement, though the price is con
siderablv less than the proposed reor-
ganizers were willing to pay. The
purpose of such agreement was to have
unanimous consent before the meeting,
Now the decision will come by way
of a majority vote. The stockholders
may take or leave the plan but Hack-
feld ft Company is to go out of exist-
euce, in any event.
Cause of Delay
There lias been some misunderstand
ing jl to the occasion for the delay in
reorganization. In part these were oc
casioned from Washington when orders
As is the cue here iir Hawaii so in
Cuba the plunters are anxiously look
ing forwur.l to the determination of
'.he. price for the et year's crop and
there, as here, 1 hey lire expecting a
substantial increase in price. Writiug
on this subject under date of June 13
at Havana. H. O. Neville, the Cuban
correspondent of Knits About Hugar
The question of what level will be
oeiernuueo lor in. name pr..- u.
'" V,-"-
ernble attention at present in Cuban
sugar circles. M r. Morgan,- the rfpre-
tentative or the United Bta-te War
Trade Board in Cuba, hs it ivfeort
ed, assured the t'ubuu producers thst
hriirher vriees will rule foe th coin-
iug crop. I'resideiit lfawley, of the,
Cuban American Sugar fpmpany, who.
was largely i ust riimeutnl in fixing lust
..!... ia tiIuii dlliit In II fl f COII-
A I.. ...!.. fl.. a I tn.ft.u i.rodneers
inir i uui i j i i i in (. i . . ,
that au iidvuii. e in pris can reasou
ably be expect! this year.
Want Small Mills Consiaered
iu ,,, l. duluri,iid the
producer hold, should be profitable not
Ouly for the large, modern mills, but
U.O to the small and behind t he-times
mill. Proper consideration, they de
'i-lare, n.u.st nl-u be given the higher
Kirriciiltural and i.roductioil costs of
western Cuba Jis compared with lower
costs in the newer lands of tin- eastern
The producers are also urging that
cost prubleins involved which can be
Btttled locally should be decided be
fore any new price i?. fixed. They stute
that otherwise the planter will not
know defitiitev what he is going to oh-
tain for his crop. This agitation re
fers to anticipated increased local tax
ation on' sugar for revenue purposes
always possible uud ever probable in
Cuba, where the yearly biiiigvt JS CUB.
tiuually increasing; to stabilizing rail
road rates, as freight tariffs seem tu
i ' m lj h , m m a i wu ui t u. . iiljii w w
1 ' tlf if"'' Tr'ii,v' T" i nf 1
cr of MemBers tf .Voting Trust Only
nu, di Mt dj(ror mntpri.,!,r rrnra th,
r. hi.. l ini..!n. .L.h
cwrtud'.cn hnd turned down. The name
Was not to be changed, there w:is to
Was not to be ehBnKed, there w:is to
U no new company , only the rnemy
held stock waa to-be sold and, it is r-"
forte . on tha i rcet f bat promises
Were made that employes would not be
ehnntert. That tlun failed of accept
ability to the custodian but its con-
siaeration nan occasioned a connoernnie
delay Here. In. spite or tlun come the
j"hurTy up" telegram that the,Ameri-
' mil and British governments were iro
patient and would not tolerate further
rtelay. , ',-
Stock lit Plantations
i It is lenrned that where the cumpuny
is largely (German held, as in the case
f H. Haekfeld ft Company, mid in
ases where a majority or very lnrj;e
minority of stock is enemy held, the
' policy of the custodian is always to
! effei t a dissolution f the company
( along lines similar to those proposed j
here. But where the enemv holdings
are smnller only the enemy held stock
will be sold... This affects the planta
tion companies here of which Huck
I'cld k Company is agent and as to
j which there have been heard many
questions as to liv a similar course
was not pursued. The enemy held stock
in Lo,e pianiuiion companies are .ui, '
to be sold, it is reported, but they will
not have to go through a process of d.s-
solution and rebirth as is the ca,e with
U. Haekfeld 4 Company.
Management Assured
It is understood that one reason for I
the putting on the holding-voting trust 1
members of other houses in the same '
line of busiuess was an objection rais
ed by opponents of the reorganization
.and given some publicity that the plan-
tatiou companies would not continue
their agencies with the proposed new
companies unless assured of the man
agement, that competent and experi
enced men in which the stockholders
of the plantation companies could have
confidence, would have tho handling of
the new business and that 1n the ub-
i seiire of such assurance the business
' would " to other sugar agencies. The
j putting f
bouses un tl
ed, ci e I .
Yesiei '::
engaged :
leiire en'ntives of such
- tntiilg trust, it is chum
ihJitiMi.-e tin' i rcdiiire.l.
: fternoen rttorneys weie
i Iv ; ;i n; t in- proposeii
' i 1 ti propos i i
I 'f "f their
r i e ! to the directors
( in ii ny this morning
'inporlant clinnges from
Ih'imhs of tho agreement
i ronosed .
I t be vc
labors : ' !
of H:u-- i -without
t ii v
the bind in
thst hud
have a tendency to atrcoiiipany the
budget in their aiiuunl rise; and to
warehouses ami interest charges, now
c haotic and incqunulde in many cases,
which it is desired to have determined
on a permanent and equitable basis.
If these questions are settled 'urly it
will be poKsible, the producers claim,
to tlx a price for next year's crop that
will unquestionably be more just than
was the case with that set for the pres-
t cut crop.
I Representatives of the sugar indus
try went to Washington to settle this
, j o()l(.r MuU m ,llr aJ1 thry
'able ui:d on this point despatches from
f.i. ..
depirture for the nationa
capital of Judge B. K. Millingj chair
man of the Louisiana Hugur Committee,
a committe of three repiosenting the
nearly organized Hugnr and Molasses
Distributor's Association, and a prom
inent local weigher and guuger, the
center of interest in the sugar situation
has shift
1 from New Orleans to Wash-
, 'K t-im swn
i To Buboitt Proposition Soon
Jrf Milling has gone to confer
with the I nited States rood Adminis-
, trat.on officials concerning the volun-
r.v contract which, in substance, w i II
I giv Hie government obsolute control
! u f the distribution of Louisiana's 191S
igur crop. He stated that he ex -
i pected soon to be in a position to sul
i mit a delinite proposition tu the plant
i ers of this state.
The committer, known us the Louisi
ana Sugar Control Hoard, 'of which
Judge Milling is the head, held a con
ference previous to his departure with
a special committee of five of the
American liinwers' Association, which
j hurl been appointed to look into tl
contract a rrn ngeinont. This conference
took place iii New Orleans Friday.
When seen at his etneo Saturday,
Judge Milling would not snv whether
the planters bauV agreed to. all of , tun j
clauses of Hie 'tenfhtive rnntrse'whleti i
he submitted, but he made it pluiu that
I Shipments in June JBetter Jhan
! Hoped But Surplus,; Still
Piles up in Storage
1 month Ihnn hml been exprrtol hihI tho
month Ihnn
ihi'mideil the shipping , nituntiin ara
showing mime rift, are bein riven by
ray of light. The grottlng output of
new the veisels that are beinx
turned -over to tha Mation line, the
probability that that company will ob
tain atill more, ail serve to brightca
the 'situation. . V :
At tha rlone of May the nhi'i'pinjj
itiirtloii fof June look oil ifloemy
.nough. ' There, wa little shipping fa
Silfbt and there Was thd possibility that
n",f " h rnK0, l'"c wo,,1', , . f
nn"l P"p- And yet sugar mnvefl in
nn P- n! ff' ""nvea ui
frrattr tonnngo than was expected,
did not moV as fast as lt aa pro-
" eonjnderably faster
thaw the averago for the previous six
WOntna, ; " .
Suras: MiYcmeota
pmwts for last month were r,50ij
of which be Hng,r Factors Coav '
prtjr tMt 0.956 tons
time production went forward at the
rate of about 70,000 tons a month and
so there was a reported increase of
si.nr awaitlntr shipment of abon 30,
000 tons, H1.030 as auninst 11,500 a
, Wi
month before.
Of the crop of the year which is
estimated nt 50,50 tons, there his
row been shipped more than half. 290,
056, the Hirgnfr 'Pnrtors having sent
ownv tnu thn half it cri,n mul the
other shippers somewhat more ami the
full shipments being 10,(100 tons In
excess of half the crop, this leaves
L'70.000 tons for shipment.
Grinc1. As Usual
Of the present crop there has thas
far been cut, ground, sacked and ship
ped or placed in storaire awaiting ship
ment 431.1 OA tons which leaves 131,394
un to l)0 rollm. A little less than
a pr of mlli)t n
,hr h tl(1 mis an,, flrtv ei?nt p,.,.
m,im t be shipped.
Ti.rlication. have recently appeared
that there is another change nf plank
as to point of delivery and that forger
shipments than expected will go' to thj
Kastern refiners. Home of these ship'
incuts, will, it is said, go by the cansl
and some by rail. The larircr the pro
portion to co by the canal the beter
plfKicd will be the planters and the
t'rester the quantity to go across coir
t i ii i'ii t by rail, the smaller will be their
pruifts. for the added f-cinh rates ,i
the lailrnad HI hit hard and cut deep.
! biipins PorV! iliUv.
I'r " ceil in:.' :it the san'e i te as lust
i di for the ee fi ii minMis there
e I be inn. e l "00 on i tons nrr su
,.Vfn without a Idi'inn il shli"ing
'. i aist. Th s v nli We've, anai'irlg
hifimeut on Nowinber 211.0O0 trins of
siH'iir hich would serinusly interfere
e th the book kee' in g methods of the
suL'ar iniiiinniiK their sugar yenr run
rin" from leiem!.er 1 to November 30,
. .. .... . . i.i i
riui iiim vast i un iiujjc m sujtni -,-iwum
I :r.r tn lie carried aver into next year's
nr. Mints. Hut it is hoped and belie
tli.it in the next four months, esperiil
l ,M r.,temlier mid October, the raw
i-.-a.v will irine awav at a speed th-'
t been known during the present
i ii
the nther hand there is n belief
a hi.'her price will be mnde to go
elTect in Deiember and .Tartusrv
it this hope l.o realized, then the
:iti'.n c omoniiies here would profit
;in'i uf the debived shipments, in
iition to the increase in sugar
that is s"cured.
NI.W YUHK, June 23-The prosper
tii beet sugar pio'duetion of the l.'liit
ed Mates for the season of lttlB J9 is
placed at 7i:.i,ijOU irrdinary tons by the
preliiiiiiiary esismnte issued( by the
Meiiirnth Hrokerage Coinpsay, of Chi
eiign, on .fuuc l.". Tins in !30,3 21 tens
less Mian the actual production of 1917
is,, ns niven by Meinratb.
The Inllowing table shows the estl-
mated product. oo ror liua-iif in iu-
phi isoii
It' 1 7 I"
with tne actual prouuci i..r
, bv main producing division:
lUlfMO 1917 IS
est! mated, actual,
tons ton
,,a 155,750 207,859
Idaho, Washing - - .
. .lOd.lUH, -IJW.tw
id"i a., Montana, W
I nu i,. N ebrnsku, Kan-
sa . ... ......
M H'liign n, Ohm Indians,
. 153,1IM 1JU,IIK'
l.wa. Minnesota . . . . 11)8,500 112,05!
.743.500. 73.1
no srl Hill objection was raised to any
particular feature.
Opposition Among Distributor
AiiiniiL' the dealer and brokers, how
rvi i. suttii -ient opposition to one clause
i t the loiitract has developed So thst
tli. di-tnliiitors' , association, formed
la t M i k. decided tivsend nil Independ
ent rolllilll ttee to Wusliillgtoll to eil-
deuvor to uinjust what the status
f the''dehlers'-aaabrokers wquld be
, , i ,
proposed contract.
Ciibbh Made
From Waste fa Wocd
Process tnvented iBy?.$wiss,Cith
ten ISiTclei Out;Ihorpughly: In
tauisjadwand Show Favor-
ab, Results
NBW-YOUK,: Jiiae 8i A new d-
folwtlr.ltta- eaflmn U Juiee. fof '.
. . . - . - . . ...
f ulci tha o4aun ts made that it will
MteHI;illt"ch(;pen the1 eost' bf proli
tio? br' both" sitgnr and "'cane ryfipi
hac .ion; pHnJurod bjr hod: A. Doiwm,
SSm ejtiii nose resident in' New
YotWr Faets-'About Sagar repotts.
. ' Tiwtir, of tb cnrHon, which is irrsde
fnmi' ' h'ydrolriHI fefoond wood flbert
havo ben mnde both in Cubs and in
L"'.'!.0, l'UI",tM,jer? '
n La ui'Ia'JFu "12
v "I! i'H.'Lb0n!!?,rk SLST 1
X . ? TnK Tk' 'T
to 'Th. executive committe of . tha :
Ameriiw Can Orowera Asaoelatlon: 1 wJTwT.. Vh. n.7il.n
i'D'Zerban, research chemist, at &ymlcZ
attboV Pbrk Wes ii his Veport that ILlrt ,. " f nV hl w rt!
lb, d-ecoliHuinir power of thrDem-e Ll t ho ",tr.n,7
arW e found to eorreapenH closely
to that? ef . earbon hade in th experf-
fliist TnfWfiMriMi'el with aa equal amount "
of enlctijnl bxide. ' -Vi : ;' ,i
y Thr sprcihentions (Tied by Mr. Detn-
ir-e in armhrln, for letters Went on
1.1- j : v - . ' i
his process describe it as follows:
'i.vriwlie I wood waste, freed from
soluble constituents, is, according to
the : ureSdnt invention, subjected to
earboaising treatment by heating it
gradually and progressively and boder
regulating conditions to a sufficiently
high " temperature,. for example, 800
degrees Centigrade or higher. The material-
will usually' be in a sufficiently
comminuted condition so that further
subdivision will not be necessary, inas
much ' as the woo: waste is usually
ground to a more or less fine state be
fore the hydrolizing treatment. When
this material is gradually and progre.
sively heated for the purpose of car
bonising, if, the moisture and the other
volatile, components are gradually and
progressively removed' so the material
is given porous structure, due to the
eseapa of. -steam-and other vapor and
gases., A the material Iocs its mois
ture arid other gaseous or vaporous
components, ' it is converted into a
more rigid as well as porous structure,
so that at the end of the carbonization
the material will be left in a highly
porous condition,
"In as much as the soluble constitu
ents were Semoved firom the wool
waste before carbonization, the sub
stunees thus removed are no longer
resent fb prejudice the carbonising
operation of to require their subse
quent removal or decomposition during
the carbonizing. Because of tboir te
moval, the remaining wood- material,
freed therefrom and of modified struc
ture and character, give a carbonized
product of high purity and of improved
properties. "
W. '. s. '
Two-Pound Packages Rule
Metropolitan Shops
NKW YORK, Juno Announcing
that present conditions moke it neees
sary that use of sugar be reduced, the
l uited States food adininiHtration, in
a notice issued at the close of lust
week, imposed further restrictions up
on the sale of sugar for ordinary house
hold consumption throughout the conn
try. The new regulations have been
put into immediate effect by the food
administrators in the various states
and cities.
Under them' retailers arc limited to
sales of two pound at a time to town
and' city eastomers, and five poondu to
rural customer. Householders are re
quested to limit their us of' sugar to
throe' pounds per- month' for each per
son in the household. The rules gov
erning sales on certificate for home
canning purpose remain unchanged.
The regulattoV a promulgated, by the
federal' food board in New York, are
as fauna's: ; . '
"A. On and after June 15 retailers
mut ,. Jt meh M,f f r fr r.
.. i.olMehoi(i UHe to town ,m ,.jtv
consumers, to two (2) pound, and sales
to. rural .consuraarif to five (S) pouiuUx,
"B. Dealsrs should restrict sales of
sugar to- all board ig houses, hotels,
resUurautSj.eUibs, tea rooms, and oth
er puldis eajisg places, also hospitals
ami inatitutjsas, to the basis of three
pounds per person per month. Dealers
are expected to. inform themselves of
the number of persons served and to
fill orders' accordingly.
"t. Deilifs should sell sugar for
haste canning purposes only on rsnning
oertif Mates which, have been issued to
dealers by the- federal feod board or
ileotitw food sdmiitrators. (Sugar pur
chased' on.,cansiag certificates must be
uad for esjfnlnf and Dreservlnij unh
"D. No suear is te be sold' to miiiiu
fscturer nwless the have procured
ninnHfsctsirers', sevUficates.
" Boarding' houses, hotels, rntui-
rants, clubs. and' all public eitin'j pli
nr reoiiewte'T' t pstlinnte their su:i'
needs' on tho closest possible basis of
e"onomv snd to adopt nil ineas'"cs
whivh will red-ice sugar consiimpt ion
to a minimum,"
If Supply Is O&tajned By Novem
, " ber or. December. $ituation
5 Is Not Very Serious ,
r V'. -v'.'lf
Intraten-obtained between
lW and , November, and Iheie- seems
io We reoson to believe thnt wrne at
least will ba weured, the .130 erop
will' hf suffer very serioiiHly Tf not
. tlbv. I ,lill U (Wn
fre dranr not tiVe to dwl)'on the
nnU that will be 'cert "In tff follow.
Mttenra:ly the plantations of-the Isl-finds.-
esperlnJly the imlrrignted p'auta
tib"a.' ut on' the nitmffs nlont 'the
time the Tflliis come and this i h.iually
In" Novcmbpr or pecembe' Tin Irrl
fcftMd plantjitiotis enn use the fer' Hirer
rBilier than' the nnfrrlffcted 1There-
''Wred between row. nn N,"mbeT
rtr number the fwra for the lOiO crop
V larpHy dismissed.
change ir. the nit nte
.a the past few
:nte problem has
few day. The
Jl. u'',,0 "ft
lies arc withon' enee.
w:fnV.K.f l ZZtu 'ZlrZ.i
V?!?. lw..
it. .li-I. .i.-.
S'Jl " AjT-
I Jvrv"; . f ' . i,Ji.it.
KHntw ZiHtH- w i tin- nr.
!i Zt J ihlTtiM Jrnn
- ' - . Hv i
end thst nwnkenin- will b. in r the re .
leasing of some of the new ship for
the purpose itl uitrnte carrying. I
There is no shortage of nitrates in i
Clille. The shortage is of bottom to
carry it for the supply is sufficient to
furnish the needs of the world fof nn
tnld years. It is only how to bring-the
Last year, when there was a sugar
famine in New York and the Kast it
was said there was no acute shortage
in the world supply, the trouble. was
in distribution, the sugar win not where
it could be used and rould not be
brought to the marketing points. So
is it with nitrates. Nitrate in Chilo
in the nitrftr fields is of comparative
ly little value as coinpnrcd to its worth
on Hawaiian cane fields.
It is customary to apply the fertiliz
if as soon as po sible after the young
Cane is planted. The planting Season
is now on but wilf be delayed some by
rerson of the acute Inbor problem. How
much fertilizer enn be brought here In
time for such early use depends on the
'hippin;; that can be made available.
The present indications are for a Into
planting of the lil'IO crop and n confe
pient late- need of fertilier. The sit
nation is I here fore not without hope of
If the fertilizer shall not come ,in
the combination of scarcity of
and of labor will be a serious
handicap for the lOUO outturn
NKW YORK, June .23 Operating
heads of Kastern refineries express .gen
eral sat ist iietiun over the elaborate plan
which the t'nited States employment
service uiiiioiiiiccm is to be worked oat i
for the systematic recruiting and e piit I
able disl riluit ion of labor among in !
dustries not engaged on war work. j
If this plan proves a success it will j
serve to protect the refineries from the ,
present practise of labor stealing on
the part of manufacturers enguged in
war work
the results of which h ive
been the cause of considerable annoy
ance to the refiners since tho llrst of
the year and in ninny instances have
brought about an appreciable slowing
up in production. It should also make
available for them a permanent source
of labor supply which w ill be most we!
come and helpful.
Plsr An Announcer!
The statement announcing the plan
issued at the New York City head
quarter of this service on June 10
read in part as follows!
'"The government tins now under con
sideration the issuing of an order di
recting the I 'nited State employment
service . bureaus to tako 'over tho re
tcrniting nf labor of all kinds for war
production. When this order goes out
one will accompany it to employers
wtth wsr orders to stop' independent
labor recruiting and tn secure in future
nl ltlfbir worker through the govern
ment employment service exclusive.
End Labor Stealing
"Tho effect of such an order or such
orders will be to clarify the situation
mid simplify, the procedure of obtain
lug labor snd relieve the employer of
a great deal of worry and uncertainty.
It will tend to put an (ind to the prar
tise of labor stealing w hich is just now
the cause of considerable complaint,
workers going from one yard to an
other been ui of lurger inducements
offered by those who feel that they have
got to get. mon no matter what the
price or demands they meet- It will
thus reduce the lubor turnover and
probably put out of action the reuistra
tion of jobs through private employ
ment Kl'CM'-il'S.
"It is fiuured out that the direct
result of this new move by the uoveni
ment will, be to increase .common
bor, since the recriiitinvt pi'ivitolv wiM
end. It ii said that t went v-Hve per
cent to forty percent of tin lunmn
labor tod 'e i i ' "ii t iu 1 1 V idle. The uew
system will stabilize the supply."
somebody Slept
- tMY NiiEtifHUGtt LflfiOR
To ih
aye Met Mtnation
Draftees- Were Being Classified and. ffd w Industry 1nst
ScriQufy Suiter and If rodnction ShoHcayy Decrease
Unless Sdine Remedy Shall Be Speedily -Found
Plantation labor in large numbers is'
needed acutely by the sugar companiei
of the Tcrrftory and where and how
to soour fhe needed workers no o
krtows for the need is as immediate, ai
it is acute and even were there a
source of supply 'to meet the need sdnh
is tha shipping situation that it is im
possible to bring labor hers, ,
" Up to Wednesday afternoon there
had been filed with the labos bureau
of tho Sugar Planters' Association- ap
jilioations for 1775 plantation workers
and this ly no means eovered the re-
' quirements of the plantations for it
is reslir.od that the buroan ia unable, to
furnish any such supplf and not ail oi
Jhe plantation had filed requisitions
""r had all those who had asked, for
1M" lvi statements eovcring their
ii n.i i . , .
"norragw ol
h'"n '"T '""V ,n feM
men), :
No Sutjiply AyalUble v "
l abor could be' obtained from tha
Philippines if transportation were1 avail
able, perhaps not to 'the full require
ments but to an extent ' that would
prove of great assistance, but the trans
portation is not available.
Olher labor has been promised from
Porto Bico but the terms and eost of
such labor have not been secured from
the government and- if they had been
learned it is as impossible to get trans
portation for labor from there as it is
from the Philippines. As time goes on
and it i likely that in time some
remedy will be found, the 1919' and
1920 crops are suffering from the acuta
shortage of labor. They are certain to
be considerably.. , smaller than they
would bo were the usual' amount of
labor available.
Some Loss Half
Home of the plantations have lost !
from forty to fifty percent of their
laborers. That means tbey must use
their available labor for the cutting
ned grinding of this year's crop and
must let the cultivation of the' fields
for the next crop and the planting for
the 19-'0 erop wnit or must abandon
if if ri.lii.f frnin tlkA alij.rtnfrf, Im, lint.
I Mjeedily found.
f j, j, 2rowing morc BIld lflor1 ovident
thrt five or six months ago somebody
was asleep, apparently a. good many'
somebody, for more than Imlf of- the
present shortage might have been
avoided try action taken bv the indivl-
' dual plantations. They eould have, if
tbev had taken the steps, protected the
I field lulior from call under the draft
and they did not do ho. It is therefore
evident that the plantation companies
are tn blame for the serious plight in
which they find themselves.
Rules Not Understood '
It may be that the draft law whs
misunderstood or it may be, as has
been suggested, that it was lielicvoA by
the plantation companies tht thi
draft would never be "iMel. He this
ns it may when the tin"' r" " t i hi was
nt hand no actio" ws ke "ove I
made by the plnntutio: to se re tie-
ferred ' classification for plantation
In some instances, perhaps in the
ma joritv. there was a misundcrstard nr
of tho Inw. It was understood thnt
labor reimired for essential production
was entitled t deferred classification
under the rules and regulations of the
Selective Draft Law. Jt was assumed
j Uiat ,,, jrft board' would of it own
monition classify the draftees accord
ingly whether such draftees claimed or
waived cxemptiun. Here was mistake
number one, for the law should have
been investigated.
Exempted On Claims
Instead of classifying, as it seems to
have been , assumed they would, accord-
iug to tho lubor in which' draf tee. were
engaged, th draft board, exempted br
Put into deferred classes according to
nit- tirniniiun ui iuj iuruivr wuun nucn
demands were found to be warranter.
If the draftee waived exemption, then
he went into the first class subject to
the call. If claim for exemption had
been mado by employers, and had been
proper, the deferred , classification
would have beon granted by the draft
Fall To Investigate
Hut the plantation companies' did' not
investigate.' Instead of the' managers,
or their representatives, agoing lieforo
the draft boards with each draftee and
asking' exemption of deferred classifica
tion, nothing nf the kind was done.
The draft was pSnnittd to go ahsnd
practically unnoticed and unheeded,
The men were classified, they were ex
amined and their card wore issued to
them and no appeals were taken. Then
it liecajne to lute. And still the draft
was pot called and many of the com
panics went on in the belief that the
rail of the guard would he mor" im
portHiit and would cut their for ei
more thi.ii the rail of the drnf. Hi'
jides it Ii ii , I gone on so long wlh'tlt n
call for either thnt there might User
be a call-. And then came the call of
the guard aud the Companies found
l... j ,.. ..a 4.1. J ti 1 u
abotit a thousand laborers taken, 1 (Still
some1 companies felt nire that' the
"worse was over" and the draft call
wntilif noli hart much. ' Their came the
call of the draft and the publication of
the lists showed how large a proportion
ewme'from trw eane field. ,
High Up Remembered ' '
The peculiar part of the situation is
that claim for. exemption was made for
higher employrs in seme instances but
not for exemption of the field labor.
And there would have been nothing un-"
patriotic Jit asking snch' exempt on. i
The army is not especially anxious to
secure Filipinos, would prefer othersT I
The Filitiino is more Ureful on the plan
tations than in the ttiobilixatira' forces
where he has to be taught English as
well a drilling and military maneuvers.
Had these been left in the. fields other
men who were classed lower than th
class one division to bs'first eallel,
would have been taken instead and an
industry essential not only to the
Territory but to the whole country
since sugar is an absolute necessity and
is now limited to three pounds a month
a person on the mainland.
Damage Now Done
Hut the damage has been done. It
has been said that, the labor bureau
should have acted but if that bureau
undertook to handle the labor matters
for the plantations there would be a
great to do. It appears to have been
an individual matter for each planta
tion though now it affects them all col
lectively. : ' ;.
If Inbor is not available then the
least productive fields will have to be
left uncultivated. That will mean a
'reiluntoq. of .jusfj iso many tons to so
many acres- less or cane and nence of
sugar than there would otherwise have
h""n: plantation that has only fifty
or sixty percent working force is not
going to grow cane to an extent where
it cannot cut it for the mill. The m re
productive fields will be cultivated and
cut. the less productive ones 'will be
cultivated and cut where there in
reason to believe they can be. This
wij' menn a considerable dorrwa in
tho 1919 crop, how considerable it i
as yet impossible to determine.
Where To Turn?
The next problem is to secure labor.
How or where has not. been determined.
It will take time tn bring labor from
tho Philippines or from Porto Rieo. It
would take time to secure a suspension
of th" Contract Labor Law to permit
the bringing here of Russian refugees
and they could not lie brought in
otherwise unless the Planter' Associa
tion laid itself open to prosecution.
It would tskc time to scu-o a lifting
of the provision of the ''Gentlemen's
Agreement" with .laiun so thai pa'
ports could be issued to Japanese
laborers for Hawaii, they tr pay their
OAn passage nruiey. It seem uulikely
if not impossible that any legislation
permitting the entry of Chinese labor
cAu lie secured.
It is possible for the people of Hono-
'"'u to dispense with .Japanese yard
hoys to a large extent so that they may
hvc f jj,, the fields. When the
""t legislature convenes a law to put
idlers to work may be passed as hs.A
,"," ,olie in Maryland, West Virginia,
New Jersey and Now York and this
; would send many others to the field
j " preference to jail, or to work on
I the roads. 1 hese plans would help and
, every man who ran be brought, to work
: "i the plantations is now essentially
J It is unfortunate that somebody slept
nt 1he n"1' l"Kr signnl
' wurp If""" but ov'r "'
1 r,'F,"U4 u of K,r to th'
0.x,rn' "V"' tn" :3(M) nl
tl.e probability of a much .mailer crop
1 '",xt vi!lr ,hu" ",u d """'w"
. IS"
- W. . S. -
NKW OHL'KANrJ, Juno IK Tho Milly
factory at 1'laqperaiiiu, recently bought
by the Wilberts, is being disiuentled
unit the iuiH'liinery shipped to tho Vic
toria factory ut Patterson. The cane
crop will be ground at Myrtle Orove.
CAMP CODY, New Mexico, July 1
Associated Press). A recreation house
for Red Cross nurses stationed here iB
being built. The building will have
an assembly room, a rest room, tewing
and knitting rooms 'and library. It will"!
n similar to those built by the Keill
i.ross iu otnor army camps.
move the cause. Ued tho world overJ
to cure a cold in one day. The signal
hire of U W. GkOVK is on each-box
Ms n ii fact u red ly the PARIS MBDlJ
CINB CO., St. iouu., U. S A.

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