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HAWAIIAN UA2ETTE TUESDAV, JULY 23, 1918. SEMI-WEEKLY.
THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE
HlODERICK 0. MATUESON, EDITOR I TUESDAY MORNING, 1 THE ADYUTISER'S SBH WEEKLY I
I Z 1 JULY 23, 1918. 1 V I
' ' 1
The Week In the War
FOR the first time since iast March has a phase
of the German "snpreme offensive" been
speedily turned into a defensive and a retreat.
One week ago the Germans launched a new
phase of offensive on Saturday and yesterday their
gains had been more than wiped out and they
were in retreat." Coming as this does close upon
the defeat of Austria in Northern Italy and in
Albania it has the appearance of a reaching of the
turning point. It is gratifying that in the recent
engagements the United States has played a High
ly important part.
Last Monday the Germans launched an attack
along a front of between sixty and seventy miles
extending generally in an easterly and westerly
direction on either side of Rheims. Even in its
first impact this assault achieved no results that
could in any way compare with the early stages
of the previous phases of the offensive. Some
ground was gained, but very little in comparison
to the weight of men that was thrown against the
French and American positions and the immense
losses that were sustained. Especially was this
so in the assaults on American positions. Our
loys gave slowly, countered and came back, gave
way reluctantly and countered once more and yet
again and again. All along this lengthy battle
front the Germans were either held or achieved
only insignificant gains. Losing between 900,000
and 1.000,000 men the German offensive dwindled
and waned until on Wednesday it had become
little more than a series of local attacks. The drive
had been effectually held.
On Thursday morning, soon after daylight, the
French and Americans sprung a surprise attack
along a front of between twenty
miles on the Aisne-Marne front,
Chateau Thierry to the north of Soissons. Two
of these sectors were American held, one from
Chateau Thierry north and the other south of
?oissons. Between and on either side of these
the French held the line. With the French there
were some detached American units, as was the
case to the south of the Marne where sporadic
The purpose of this counter attack was to take
or cut the railroad leading from Soissons to
Chateau Thierry, believed to be the main feeder
for the latter position and one of the chief means
for the transportation of supplies for the Marne
sector. This belief was confirmed by the subse
With dash and verve the Franco-American
forces swept the enemy off his feet and hurled him
back. Reserves were brought up but the efforts
to stem the advancing tide of Allies were futile.
On and on if poured, the Americans leading in the
advance in that they cut the deepest and penetrat
ed the farthest. Throughout Thursday, Friday
and Saturday and into yesterday these advances
continued. The positions of the foe to the south
of the MaYnc and at joints to the north were made
untenable. The capture of the railroad had its in
tended effect. The foe fell back and retreated.
Yesterday Chateau Thierry fell. To the south of
the Marne were only two shattered German regi
ments and they were cut off so they must die or
surrender. To the north of the Marne the foe was
also retreating for the attacks of Friday and Sat
urday on the Aisne-Marne front and on the Marne
Rheims front threatened a pincer movement with
the working of which the German command is
thoroughly familiar from so much use by them
selves of these tactics. It may be that they will
be forced to evacuate a triangle of terrain twenty
five miles on each of two sides. That is the ap
pearance after a week of fighting.
In the offensive on either side of Rheims. which
appeared to be a turning movement on that terri
bly beleaguered and battered city, the losses of
the foe were estimated to be 100,000 and on top
of these losses came those on the Aisne-Marne
front. On that front it was known definitely that
the enemy had lost twenty thousand men as pris
oners and their losses in dead and wounded were
wnultiples of these. Another hundred thousand is
a conservative estimate of their casualty list which
would bring total losses for the week to more than
200,000 and those figures do not include the pris
oners taken by the British forces which made
gains on the Somme and captured many prisoners.
In addition to the loss of man power the foe
has lost more than four hundred field guns and
thousands of machine guns, besides munitions and
In Albania the French and Italians continued to
;idvance through the terrain abandoned by the
Austrians in their northward flight while in Mace
donia the British attacked the Bulgars and made
In northern Italy fighting was of a sporadic na
ture and results of no great importance followed.
The outstanding feature is that General Foch
now finds himself with forces large enough to
offer an offensive resistance and do so success
fully. This shows a gain of strength in man power
that is most gratifying. And this strengthening
of man power will continue. In this fighting the
Americans have had at least 200,000 men in the
line. Each week will add its thousands and last
week our chief of staff, General Peyton C. March
told the senate committee on military affairs that
the United States had despatched to date 1,200.000
As a strengthening influence to the morale of
the Allies has been the splendid fighting qualities
displayed by the American soldiers. It was grati
lying to them before to k now the Americans were
coming in ever increasing numbers but they did
not know, could only guess and hope as to the
fighting qualities that would be displayed. In
these the American people had perfect confidence.
Now the Americans ace aproved and 'knorn quan
tity as fighters and their' gaJUiufry'.fo'the;! Admira
tion of the Allies.
Of deep significance and great importance was
the cable message from' "okio which told of the
determination on the part 6f the Allies to aend
forces into Siberia, a!! of the Allies, including the
United States to assist in the program and td aid
the Czecho-Slovaks. Preliminary plans are said
to caP for an advance as far as Lake Baikal and,
if necessary, further plans to be made'for an ad
vance beyond if the Holshcyiki da M hot be made to
see the true and kindly purpose of the expedition,
to save Russia from the Hun. They may resist
and resist strongly but the need to throw a wall
of men to hold the Teutons from the shores of the
Pacific is plain and clear.
It is a striking manifestation of the spirit of this
country that while these preparations go on, other
preparations are in progress to send a relief ship,
bearing food, clothing, beds and bedding and medi
cines for the Russians. It is a display of friend
ship and kindliness that stands out as unique in
world history, to enter by one door with armed
men while at another door sustenance and relief
Troops from the United States to Siberia are
likely to have an influence on affairs and condi
tions in these Islands. It would add much to the
importance of the Islands, it may mean the taking
of men from here and it'adds to the average point
of view a new and great interest in the already
absorbing issue of the war for world freedom.
and twenty-five XT e
extending from ! i dtlOU Of
WE stay-at-homes are attaining technical pro
' ficiency in the art of making war. At least
we believe we are by reading the infinite details
necessary to upper-cut the Boche. '
Perhaps the government censorship lets us have
only these methods that have been relegated to
the scra'rj hap, but at any rate weaare happy in
thinking that we are up-to-date on the sidelines or
the farba&-lines near the scoreboard.
We know that before even a local raid can be
carried out there must be aeroplane reconnaissance
to get photographs showing the lay of the Hun
trenches, locations or machine gun pill-boxes and
supporting strength ; picked troops are sent back
of our own lines for careful rehearsing; the artil
lery practises its cooperation in laying down the
barrage ; and after a certain period of intensive
preparation zero hour arrives.
But knowing this we sometimes forget the work
of the engineers in making the roads over which
the ammunition and equipment is brought forward,
the telephone men who must keep the lines of
communication open, the warehouse officials f
the quartermasters corps, the soldiers who unload
the big supply ships after they have wriggled
through the submarine zone, the officers and crew
of the convoy and the people at this end of that
line which meanders through France.
In financing the war we are given another tech
nical education so that the poorest of us knows
about billion dollar loans, sur taxes, thrift stamps
?nd certificates for we have become money lend
ers to Uncle Sam. Now we are given a "close-up"
of United States Certificates of Indebtedness
which are for the public as well as the banks. A
new issue is being offered every two weeks at
lour and one-half percent and absorbing these is
as important to the success of the Fourth Liberty
Loan as the advance preparation for a gigantic
offensive. Get ready.
W. S. 8.
As To the Dollar
NOW that the big round American dollar does
not reach so far as it did a year or two ago
it might be remarked that it is just 133 years since
congress established the Standard Dollar. In the
first coinage act of, the United States the dollar
appeared in the ten-dollar gold piece of 247.5 pure
gold and in a silver dollar of 371.25 grains pure
silver on a bimetallic ratio of 15:1. The alloy was
eleven-twelfths fine until 1837 when it was
changed to nine-tenths ;thus the standard weight,
plus the alloy of the silver dollar was 416 grains
before 1837 and thereafter 412.5 grains without
changing the pure content of 371.25 grains, which
remains the same to this day. The name dollar,
of course, is applied to all paper promises of the
government to pay gold or silver dollars. Bald
w. s. s.
J I PASSING HOVR
It is reported
ed shortly before
IT 1 1101101 3
fast supplanting prediction.
Republican carpenters are busv today platform
After the Germans can get no other meat they
will still be able to eat crow.
the drive on I urkey will be start
In official reports Germany boasted that it had
evacuated positions to the south of the Marne
without the knowledge of the Allies. Some strate
gy this to stop fighting and the other fellow to be
in ignorance of the fact! Superlative strategy,
A. n. fJnrw., T.i. .leva, ori. I
rlnal end artfatie donhl. window dis-.
play In his new Fort street premises f C W Spite, of Nawillwill, wai an ar
boosting war savings stamp. rival yesterday from . tha Garden Is-
J. K. Gait has been appointed chair
man of a committee of fl'e recently
named by the Governor to investigate
the feeble-minded In tthe Territory.
- An exhibition of war pictures will
be given at the T. af, C. A. thia even
ing. Admission, will be free, although
it will be necessary to secure seats
at the offlee. . t '
Rev. Jf.- Imamura, bishop, has issued
invitations to the dedication Cere
nt on lee of the Hongwajl Church on
Upper Fort Street at eight o'clock
Monday evening, August 5.
William Koe, a Chinese employed at
the Hawaiian Preserving Co., waa
treated at the receiving hospital last
night for a fractured rib. The injured
many slipped and fell while loading
crated pineapples (nto a ear.
The Bolnh Shipbuilding Company, of
Rolph, California, launched three
steamers on July 4, two of which were
2900-ton vessels, and one a passenger
vessel, built for private account. Im
mediately, after the lannehing the yard
laid down keela for two 3500-ton Fer
ris ships, for the Emergency Fleet Cor
poration. During the Republican convention
yesterday the hat. was passed and a
collection twkea te .pay for a little
printing which it Was found necessary
to have done. It was remarked that
the Republicans 'are beginning their
economy campaign without funda,
which was regarded by some as a good
... - - - .
A. W. Williams. Ernest L. Morton
and Henry Walters' of Los Angeles and I
Robert tf, Enders of Bowie, Texas,!
are four federal tax agents who have
recently came from the mainland to
Join Olenn Tyree la the work of cor
recting errora ia Income tax returns
and interpreting the Income tax law1
to individuals and corporations.
A ton and a half of tin foil donated
to the Hawaiian Chapter of the Red
Cross by islanders, is to be shipped to
mainland junkman,' having been sold
to them through, local junkers. A guar
antee of Bve cents a pound is made,
but there is hope of receiving seven
and a half cants. The shipping expenses .
. . . , . '
are assumed oy me junsmen. uon
than (200 is expected to be realized
from this sale.
The eounty 'clerk's of the islands, who
have been working on a plan to poll
the votes of the men of the national
guard and of the selective draft in
the coming primary and regular elec
tions, will visit Fort Shaffer and Beho
fleld Barracks today with a view to
seeking the cooperation ef the author
ities at the two posts in carrying out
the elections. It is not presumed that
there will be any objection to the
scheme although the county clerks see
a number of obstacles in the way and
a lot of hard work ahead in carrying
out the idea. if.
.v. a. a 'J
Motor of Wicked
Taken Down To Hilo
Not a Bolt Or Nut Missing and
Propeller Is Practically Un-J
damaged Work of Salvage,
Done By Japanese, Took Four
HILO, July 22 (Special to The Ad
vertiser) The motor of the army sea
plane piloted by Maj. Harold M. Clark,
aviation corps, and abandoned in the
forest of Kaiwiki several weeks ago,
has been brought here intact, without
a bolt or nut missing and the propel
ler not damaged, with the exception
of two small nicks on the edges of the
The motor and propeller were sal
vaged by seven Japanese who worked
for four weeks under contract to bring
the engine out of the jungle. Trails
had to lie cut through almost impass-
ible (daces, and the salvaged parts
were carried down the faces of cliffs
ami along water-ways. The total
weight of the parts was 700 pounds.
Throughout the time the Japanese
workeil the rains were incessant. Their
contract price for the work was $1300.
w. a. s. r-
FOG SIGNAL CHANGED
Transpacific mariners are notified of
a change to be made in the fog signal
at Point Montara on the California
seacoast about September 1. The no
tice of the commissioner of lighthouses
says that the fog signal at the Point
Montara Light Station will lie chang
ed to sound a group of two trtasts ev
every thirty seconds as follows: Blast,
three seconds; silent, one second; blast
one second, and silent twenty-five sec
onds. Position of the Point Montara
station Is given as latitude 37 degrees,
32 minutes, 15 seconds north; longi
tude 122 degrees, 31 minutes, 00 sec
onds. STATE oTwASHINGTON
SAVES SUPPLY OF FLOUR
SPOKANE, Washington, July 22
(Offic ial) Twcuty nine cars of a total
of 70.1.'! barrels of flour have been re
turned to the state food administration
from tlit surplus stocks of retailers as
result of the wheatless program begun
last month. Pledges were signed by
M'CARTHY JACK T0WORROW
Governor McCarthy, who is visiting
Kauai for the purpose of looking into
the puldii- land situation preliminary
to taking up tbe work of releasing
cane lands to tbe plantations pursuaut
to the President' recent proclamation,
is e i pec ted to return to Honolulu to
morrow. He is accompanied on Kauai
by Land Commissioner Riveuburgh.
of ih :
"rtT M- BoM, manager of the Moir
Gm, Wkilukti ,1a at the Yontt
C. Maser. auditor of the eounty of
Kauai, arrived yesterday and Is at
Major P. W. P. Bluett, wife and
daughter, of the island of Hawaii, are
at the Tonng.. . ,fu ;,.(
Dr. J. H. Raymond, candidate for the
Democratic .nomination for congress,
arrived in the city yesterday from his
F. B. Cameron, superintendent of the
Fred Baldwin Memorial Home, Pais,
Maui, is at the Toung. Mr. Cameron
will probably enter Red Cross work.
D. C. Lindsay, manager of the Bald
win National Bank, Kahulul, arrfved
in the city yesterday for a business
John Bush, principal of the Koloa
school," and H. Wramp, luna at Ke
kaha,, were arrivals in the city yea
terday from Kauai.
H. L. Holstein and Rev. Stephen L.
Desha spent most of yesterday at
Hchofleld barraeks, the former to viait
the soldiers from, west Hawaii and
the latter to see a nephew who is ill
The adjourned meeting of the stock
holders of Hackfeld ft Co. will be held
this afternoon, beginlng at two o'clock,
at which final action will be taken on
the plana which have as their purpose
the winding up of the affairs of the
Mai. Charles B. Cooper, Medical Re
serve Corps, will be attached to the
V IM..?!? "Mi!!
" .T ""
Cooper was appointed several months
ago as a medical reserve officer to serve
under the Oovernor of Hawaii and in
connection vth the sedative draft
service. Major Cooper will probably
be given an executive appointment in
the army department.
O. J. Waller Jr., has returned from
a visit to Ban Francisco.
R. A. Wadsworth, a Waiiuku cap
italist, is in town.
Senator r. r. raid win or Maul is a
visitor to the city.
R. O. Wolcott, a tourist from Cali
fornia, is a guest at the Young Ho
tel. John F. Toole, a Ban Francisco bus
inessman, is registered at the Young
Mark C. Cohn, a recent arrival from
Ban Francisco, is a guest at the Young
H. B. Pennallow, manager of Wai
iuku Plantation, is a guest at the
D. L. Fleming arrived from Maui
on the Claudine Sunday and is regis
tered at the Young Hotel.
Dr. J. H. Raymond, Democratic
candidate for delegate to congress, is
a guest at the Young Hotel.
George Berry, the well-known chief
steward of the Matson liner Manoa,
has resigned and will ahortly be trans
ferred to the Atlantie Coast.
Mrs. Norman O. Campion, of Ma
nila, who is visiting the city with her
husband, has been operated on at the
Queen 's Hospital for appendicitis.
John F. Cilburn III, who was very
ill at the Queen 'a Hospital with pneu
monia, is now out of danger and haa
recovered sufficiently to return to his
W. A. Horn, supervising secretary of
the Army and Navy Y. M. C. A., has
been recalled to the Coast. Mr. Horn
organized this branch of the work in
Honolulu and has been in charge of it
for about a year and a half.
Harry M. Gessner, proprietor of an
auto supply house at Waiiuku has re
turned from a business visit to San
Francisco and left yesterday for Maui.
Mrs. Gessner will remain for a time
with relations in San Francisco.
w. a a.
10 DEPENDENT RELATIVES
Army !iOHdiUarters has received a
new set of regulations governing al
lotments by soldiers to families, pro
viding that every man, regardless of
whether an officer or enlisted man,
must make the same compulsory al
lotment to his dependents.
Each enlisted man must make an
alottment of $13 monthly. To this al
lotment the government will add a
monthly allowance ranging from Ave
dollars a month for a motherless child,
and fifteen dollars a month for a wife
without children, and so on up to
fifty dollars. In addition, enlisted
men, if they desire government al
lowances for other dependent relatives,
may make voluntary allotments to
them of five dollars a mouth. If au
enlisted man is unmarried such allot
ment may be fifteen dollars a month.
w. a. s.
BOY SCOUT ACES
TO RECEIVE MEDALS
A meeting of all Hoy Scouts in Ho
nolulu is to be held this evening at
seven thirty o'clock at the Nuuanu
Y. M. ('. A. The feature of the event
will be presentation of Ace medals to
about twenty live boys who have won
the distinction by selling at least $250
worth of Thrift and War Havings
Htiiinps, each. R. W. Shingle, di
rector of the War Savings Stamp
campuigii in Hawaii, is to be present
to address the boys.
In addition, motion pictures of popu
lar interest will be shown.
TEN THOUSAND" CALLED '
WASHINGTON, July 21-(Official )
Call for 10,000 men uuder the draft be
tweeu July 2D and August '1 was issued
by I'rovost Marshal General Crowder.
SOLDIER OF HAWAII
W. R. Smith Back From War
Which Shattered Him; Caused
By Shell At Vimy Ridge '
Umplng as a , result of terrible
Wound's received in the Vest of Vimy
Ridge more than a year ago, W. R.
Smith, formerly of Hakalau Plants
tion, Hawaii, is back in Honolulu from
the sest of war, discharged from the
Canadian army as incapacitated for
further military service. Two years
ago last March, Smith left Honolulu to
join a Canadian regiment.
With both ankles crushed and one
hip badly torn by fragments of a huge
shell on the night of April 0, 1917,
Smith was left amid scores of other
wounded on the bloody ridge. He was
picked Up by the men who attend to
suffering soldiers and given attention
at a first aid dressing station, whence
he was moved back to a base station,
ticketed as a wounded man, and Anal
ly, retir.keted and sent over to Eng
land. A few months ago ho was sent
to Canada, and roturned to Honolulu
on the vessel which brought back a
fellow sufferer, I.ieut. Desmond Stan
ley, son of Judge and Mrs. W. L. Stan
ley, who was wounded at rssschendBCjIe.
Both men received wounds almost iden
tical, and the nature of these wounds
caused them to linger longer than usual
in British hospitals.
Mr. Smith left Honolulu on March
31. 1917, and in Vancnnvor joined the
121st Battalion of the Canadian Forces,
which he accompanied to England,
where he waa exebangod into the Sev
enth Battalion, sometime in November,
He was sent to the front early in
1917 and eventually went to Vimy
Ridge and then to Bully crenay. On
the night of April 9 he waa in the
line holding Vimy Ridge. In crossing
it during an offensive launched against
the Bodies he was struck by pieces
of 6.9 shell.
He treasures the card on which the
nature of hia wounds was noted by
tbe field surgeon. This card is en
closed in an envelope ease composed of
thin celluloid to prevent it being dam
s.ed by water. After recovering suffi
ciently in a rear line hospital to be
sent away he was given another ticket,
similar to tags attached to trunks
known as a "blighty" tag. This meant
hospital life in4 England. There he
spent long weary months under the sur
geon 's care, his hip wound" reopening
many times, and preventing full re
covery, although his ankles aro now
quite strong again.
On July 3, 1918, Smith was dis
charged in Victoria, and then sent bark
to his island home.
Although Mr. Smith has never es
sayed to go upon the lecture platform
and has never given a "war talk,"
he haa been persuaded to give a talk
on the war at the Y. M. C. A., on
Tuesday night, when some .new war
Alms will be thrown on the screen, in
conjunction with his talk. Although
he refrains from jiving much personal
history, Mr. Simth has been asked to
talk of the war as he saw it.
W. a. a.
Ukulele Gives Joy
Over In France
PORTLAN I, Oregon, July 7
"Have you heard from vour boy Into
"Yes, and he's driving a truck
now ' '
"My boy writes he just received
my valentine package "
"Blake's lust letter wns from
France ' '
"Will you hnve a cup of coffee T"
This is s sample of the conversation
that goes on "over the coffee cups"
at the demonstration booth of Mrs
H. A. Wilson in. one of the down
town department stores. Mrs. Wilson
has a Ixiy now in r runi c.
Pvt. Konal'l Wilson, eighteen year
old son of Mrs. Wilson, .'((11 West
lark Utreet, enlisted u year ago in
the 1ti2d Infantry while a junior in
Washington high school. He lauded
in Prance iu I ecember and in April
was transferred to Company F, 107th
Supply Train. On April !, he wrote
to his mother in part as follows:
"Received u letter and another
package from you yesterday. Your
packages always strike ine just right
because I'm usually 'broke' when I
get them ami, if it were not for tbe
things you send, I would get hun
gry for sweet stuff and you always
seem to know just exactly what I
want. I hope you keep writing often,
too, because the only thing 1 have
to look forward to during the day
is mail from vou folks.
"Uke" In Demand
"After we've been in this country
four months, we are supposed to get
seven duys ' lea e of absence with ex
peuses paid. I 'in going to save my
money so I 'II have plenty when my
vacation comes. I'm going to have
some fun for I won't have another
chance for four mouths more.
"I'm having fun playing the uku
lele. I play with three mandolins,
two guitars kind another 'like'. I
took a banjo mandolin and strung it
up like a 'like' anil it -works fine. We
took a 40 mile trip last night to play
for a crowd in a 'Y' hut and they
certainly appreciated it from the way
they acted. The Y. M. ('. A. secre
taries treated us fine. We inado the
trip in a liig French limousine and
it was just like riding in an airpluue,
but I 'd jiiHt as soon have ridden ill u
Ford and been homo ' '
w. a. s.
WASHINGTON, July L' I (Official )
Prices of hides sre to be reduced
ten percent by agreement between Hie
war industries board inul hide dealers
of the country. The reduction is to be
effective August 1.
BROUGHTJfl PEACE ,
Journey In Aircraft 'Settled Dif
ference Between Russians
T.ONTX)N, July 12 V- 'Associated
Press) An American 's .flight by air
plane 200 hundred miles from Jassy
to Odessa was the means of bringing
about peace between the Bolshevlki
and the Kunianians last March. .
The American "peaee dove," as ths
Rumanians called him after his daring
flight, was Colonel Joseph Boyle.. Col
onel Boyle, who wae formerly in the
Canadian Army on the West front, was
sent to Russia' as the representative of
tho Committee of the American Engin
eers in Ixnlon and spent several
months in Rumania and South Russia.
The story of his secret airplane trip1
is now told for the first time.
Colonel Boyle Was one Of the few
foreigners in Russia who had the con
fidence and close friendship of the ex
tremist Russian parties from the begin
ning of tho revolutionary period, He
waa known among the Bolshevik! as
a man of action, honest and fearless
and anxious to extend them a helping
hand in every work of reconstruction.
On his journeylngs around Runsla" he
was never Interferred with -or challen
ged. He carried personal letters sind
credentials from Lcnine, Trot iky and
a host of lesser leaders and could ob
tain almost anything he wanted from
the local or provincial Soviets. He
was accompanied everywhere by a staff
of three.' Russian officers who spoke
English fluently and who displayed
great personal loyalty to Colonel Boyle.
During the latter part of February
the situation between the Bolshevik i
and Rumanians became very serious.
War had even been declared on Ru
mania by tho Bolshevik i government,
owing to misunderstanding about the
status of certain Russian troops in
Rumanian territory and Rumanian
troops in Bessarabia. Active hostili
ties, however, had been generally
avoided, and both aides were presum
ably anxious to reach an amicable
But communication between Odessa
and Jassy waa in a stste of diaorgani-
aztion which made the telegraphs snd
the mails useless. Every attempt at
negotiation between the Rumanians at
Jassy and the Bolsheviki at Odessa
was blocked or brought to naught by
intriguers or mischief-makers. It began
to look as if things were going to drift
straight into bloodshed on a large scale.
It was at this point that Colonel
Boyle, who had been trying to alleviate
the food shortage n Jttimania, ar
ranged a meeting of unofficial repre
sentatives of both sides on the Ru
manian frontier and succeeded in put
ting through an agreement between
these representatives. The Rumanian
government was ready to approve the
decision of these informal plenipoten
tiaries, but how was formal confirma
tion or even favorable consideration,
to be obtained from the Bolshevik
The Bolsheviki "delegates" were
without credentials or authority, but
they felt if their case were properly
put before the authorities in Odessa
their course of action, would be ap
proved. Travel between Jassy and
Odessa had been impossible for several
weeks owing to the tearing up of the
railway line in Render! and the wreck
ing of several bridges and trestles.
Colonel Boyle volunteered to be- tbe
benrer of the olive branch, to carry the
peace proposals to Odessa with the least
possible delay 'by means of an airplane
w hich he had already persuaded the ,
Rumanian authorities to put at his dis
posal, and he proposed also to use his
own personal influence with the Bol
sheviki leaders in Odessa to secure their
Speedy action was necessary, for it
was known that orders had already
been given to the Bolsheviki troops to
begin hostilities on a large scale, and
it was felt that once serious fighting
had begun, the chances of an amicable
adjustment would be much diminished.
The necessary papers were hastily
prepared and signed, and Colonel Boyle
motored to an airdrome near Jassy
where a Rumanian pilot was waiting.
The weather on the day of Colonel
Boyle's departure was stormy and
threatening, und several aviation ex
perts advised him to postpone his jour
ney. He declined to be dissuaded and
left Jassy about noon, arriving safely
at Odessa shortly before sunset.
The flight was made at a height of
about HiMIO feet across a rough niotin
tninous country and in the face of a
driving sleet storm. The machine twice
developed engine trouble, but this was
overcome and a landin.r was made in
an open field not far from the water
front at Odessa. By midnight Colonel
Boyle had secured the signing of the
peace treaty and tbe cancellation of
tho orders for a Bolsheviki offensive
LONDON, July 8 (Associated
Pi ess) "This country will never again
have to go through any period of such
trial and irritation as arose from the
food shortage which caused the queues
in the country last autumn and in
February and March," said John Rob
ert dynes. Acting Food Controller, in
the course of a statement recently on
the food situation.
Mr. dynes told of the immense
change that has come over the country
since u few months ago when he and
his chief, Viscount Kbonddu, were about
to ration the people. Ho great ia the
change that the talk of revolution on
food shortage has passed away, and
trade union conferences now end with
out mentioning food.
"We have to thunk our bountiful
n 1 1 v . America, for great food supplies,"
said Mr. dynes. " Hhe has had meal
less ami wheatless days in order to
send us more."
UMIIO I L Ulll
FOOD SITUATION IN
BRITAIN IS IMPROVED