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HAWAIIAN Ja!z kaSsfl i i i i i THE 1 1 1 HAWAIIAN -fr it -.MI RODERICK Q.'MAniter EDITOR TUESDAY MORNING. JULY SO, 1918. THE ADVERTISER'S SEMI-WEEKLY The Week In the War gy ERTAIXT.Y not since the beginning of the (iernian ' supreme offensive" last March and 'heavily ri ... i . il , .1 . J Mr.' . . 1 : prooamy not r r many weeps previous to that inensivr 1 1 in r liav llir atiwi't ivf fltr Wstrrn fnmt Lii , liiirht. I 5o distinctly in favor of the Allies as at this time. More and more is it indicated that the tide has turned. If the balance tn man power has not al ready Swung to the Allies It will have so swiiii in a few short weeks at most. For two weeks past the main interest of the war . has attached to the Aisne-Marne or the Soissons Kheims se. tor of the western front where twp weeks ao today the (Termans launched assanlts on a sixty f e mile front. The first impetus of this assault carried the enemy forward somewhat but not to the extent of the advances made in the opening Maijes of the earlier phases of the offen sive. The check came miickly and then was launched the Allied counter offensive and the su perior strategy of General Foch has been clearly demonstrated by the subsequent results. Up to yesterday morning the Allies had recov ered all of the terrain which the tiermans took on "July 15 and 1 and in addition to this had recov ered about a third of the pround lost to the t ier mans in the course of their Aisne drive in Mav. One week ago it was announced that I'och had thrown Ins reserves into the combat and the mag nitude of the victory was growing hourly. At that time all that remained to the enemy of their earlier Cains wa a s j.piration to the Italian Miles. On that front there were indication.- ,litriiio the week of ah attempted offensive L tlx- u-irians. said to have been nved by the tiermans but no such 1 1 In i .mie apparent up to Saturday I ivntnio sector was indicated as the probable -alicnt n it is launched. In Albania the Italians and French are still scor ing gains .mil iib.in.es m a country almost im possible foi rapid military movements. The speed of the movement ha - been lessened and last re ports told ot i moie determined stand of the Aus trians alone the uppc r emini River. In the moun tainous eastern eonntrv where these lines extend thev are more than ever menacing the enemy forces in llnifana and heavy fighting in that sec tor mav develop speedily nnless the enemy falls back. w. . s. H Draft Law Workings All lias had a chance to see the draft law and it- working. The machinery has work- id smoothly Inye as elsewhere. While past draft laws were condemned the present law is generally commended and on this subject the opinio of the New York World is timely when it said: Secretary Daniels in his Carnegie Hall address referred to the Selective Draft l.avv as having been administered "with a wisdom beyond the concep tion of those who dratted it and advocated it." This is nm ixccssive praise. Of all the war activities of the 1'nited States, nothing has been trip four miles in w idth and thirteen ; more extraordi iarv than the working of this law. in length and in other parts of the salient more ( (( realize it. it is necessary only to remember than that area had been won for the Allies. The; ,,c kind of Draft Act adopted by the Government foe was slowly withdrawing northward. I during the Civil W ar and how it operated. During the week the Allies have generally cut The present law is immeasurably superior in ployed piueer tactics. Along the Ourcq the I every respect to the Civil War act, with its rank Franco Americans have pressed steadily eastward , injustices and its open invitation to gross abuses. until they were, on Saturday night, only about three and a halt. rules from the important German but nevertheless it would not have received such (.verw helming public approval during more than station of I ere-en-Tardenois. On the other side pit year of operation if it had not been carried out of the pocket the Allies, and especially the Ilritish with so much tact and sincerity and intelligence, pressed westward, tightening the mouth of the None of the oppression that its opponents pre pocket, between Soissons and Kheims and putting i dieted has developed, and nowhere is the law more practically all of that territory under the shell fire popular than among the soldiers who have come of the Allies. into the army under its provisions. Fast Monday the Allies crossed the Marne at I T here is no more illuminating instance of the several new points and began pressing northward ! priceless value of exact justice and sound common from its banks. Recognizing the threatening situ-j sense in carrying out a great military policy than ation which confronted von lioehm's forces the i that furnished by the administration of the Selec- rrown prince sent a call to Ruprecht for assistance and reserves were sent south but this was met by the sending of an equal number of reserves from the Rritish front. On Tuesday the Allies continued to press in from all directions and to advance against the Stiffening resistance made possible by the arrival of German reserve forces. Especially along the Ourcq were important gains made. On Wednesday the British and Italians scored their important gains on the easterly side of the pocket mouth and the gun fire of the Allies doni live-Draft Law. w. s. s. Spain and the Pirates IS negotiations with Spain for a . copimerciaj agreement our Government has insisted that commodities exported from this country shall not go to Germany or serve German interests. Reports that submarine pirates have obtained American oil ;;t Spanish ports have been considered. While there mav be no proof that aid was thus given, our Government asks that the Spanish authorities irrated practically all of the pocket mouth. On the''11'11 prevent hereafter stub misti.se of petroleum west Fere-en-Tardenois was being shelled. On Thursday the pincer jaws were only a little more than twenty and less than twenty-five miles apart and on Friday still other gains were made along the ( hircq Saturday found the enemy w ith drawing northward more rapidly at a number of points, the whole pocket, practically, being then under the shell fire of the Allied batteries. Re tirement w as difficult, and costly, to hold their po sitions fully as difficult and nearly as costly at first, probably far more costly later. On Friday and Saturday especially, the enemy countered heavily and achieved some gains but none of ma jor importance. It seemed likely these counters were men.! , designed to cover a retiring move-j ment. I There weie indications on Saturday that the j iiermans would launch assaults against the Hnti-di further north in an effort to draw troops from the Soissons -Rbeiins salient and thus relieve the pres sure there. Such tactics are considered quite probable, but the enemy finds its reserve force materially reduced. It is said that sixty-five army divisions were identified in the Aisne-Marne sector '' sl,;m'sh sailors hav and that all reserves cxi-ent thirtv rliviirtw .,..-,. or abandonment ot exhausted. This the Germans will have to tare fully consider in their future operations for thev now face an ever growing man power. In April. May ami June more than 000.000 Americans went overseas. These men will soon have had enmigh training to enter the fray, brigad td with the French, the liritish and with our own seasoned troops. Thus the Germans face an in creased army, larger by half a million men, within the next three months at longest. Along the .south side of the Ourcq American forces have progressed throughout the week and have won further honors for themselves and their country, the, French meantime advancing on the northerly bank. Further south, to the North of Chateau Thierry the Americans have pushed for ward ten miles, rendering .superb service. In other sectors nierieans have been brigaded with and fought shoulder to shoulder with the French. me menu oi me American soldier, the morale oi ( ;,iii, piom,,t, i the American armv hnc K.i nr. I X.. ...... ' i i i .1 . . ; ,V. j-.vy.v... is there the possibility of a question as to eitlui They know what they can do and quite as import ant the Allies know jusl what can be expected ,, ,them, the very best, all that is demanded. On the Italian front, also, American soldiers ytow in the fighting, their arrival being annoutn on Saturday. There the American troops are st jytry sinaTl in numbers but their presence is an in received m accordance with the terms ot an agree ment. Tor a long time orwav was sending to Ger many the nickel used in making the torpedoes which sank hundreds of her ships. W'e hope it can be proved that Spain has not given essential supplies to those who were cutting down her mer chant marine. A list compiled and published at Madrid three weeks ago -hnu-. that seventy-eight Spanish merchantmen have been destroyed by submarine torpedoes, (hie of these, sent to the bottom not long ago, was the ardinero, a neutral hip carrying gram for the people of neutral Switz erland. Alter the long list was printed, a subma rine attacked without warning the steamship Maria l'ia. killing her captain and one sailor with a shell I '.ut the vessel reai hed a Spanish port. I he Madrid government de-ires to convince our War Trade Hoard that in no vvav has it violated neutrality. It may say that Spain's, marine losses might have suggested reprisals in assistance given to (icriuany 's i(K-s. Iut 11111-t it not admit that the sinking of seventy eight ships -,nd the murder of been -ulluient provocation uctitiaiitv and ;i declaration of war' New York Times W. S. 8. A I PASSING HOUR k London. It will sort of place," re in had -iilfered " The cafeteria habit has stru soon be a regular l.os Angeles marks the l.os Angeles 'Times And we had thought I .out enough and t, 10 much alreadv ,,' I he kaiser lias refused an audience to v on Lux burg, former ambassador to rgentine, sav news despatches While ii..thm.' mi, . eeK like success equally nothing tails like fail' re. and besides it is d m venient p ha v e a gnat ban, I v . ililoinia is l.M.kii t , ifkers in It - imp W hile I abor and 1 a 1 a 1 'in and 1. bards ra 11c I are ed till uld not In , i el l, 1, k imist certain! v put t bei 1 st en la 1 1 1 report in t he ai niv as t hem separate I, i 1 1 con t a 1 1 1 i 1 1 .1 1 , , I I, v asso, 1.1 1 1 dier who lias raped ami much ol I ram e. I I Ii irk ;i e the smith- late dealer r light rule cut 1.1I class. n V ICs keep i 1 1 1 1 1I1 I'- His 1 , 1 n-e Con 11 11 T' all means 1 1 n might beet line 1 with the onluiarv sol 1 ! 1 '" d Tn Igmm and A. Lewi Jr. of the Bank af H waii Appointed a tni'trft of tb 1-ibrnry of Hawaii ?tMny Hn Alt vsranry rrrat1 hy to miring Into active wrvlr of Capt. John K. Oalt, g. m. b. c. ,;v, ( , Beranae a new brirtjja. In being built acroM tin Walkakalaua ChiVn "on th svhofleld Jtarrarktj road, Oivuty .Kn gitii'or flui Cantin aak that ,tb auto traffic tak Mtrrtrit eautlun Mii " ap proaching, tb gutek. , A aperiat anncting of thr Chrialian K.mleavor foctety at Kanmakapili Church, Palama, will bo held at Mvn thirty tonight in tha .church parlor. Oftfpra of the national guard began a campaign yeatfrday to fnliat re cruit for the battalion of Infantry and ithe roaat artillery compnnic to be maintained in, Honolulu. Gonrge letaailci; Bralrr vra ypatrr day rommiealoned a flrrt lieutenant of the dental aervlo of the army, under ordera received at department head quarter -front the. ''war department. Lieutenant Bralcy baa been a practic ing drntiat' In Honolulu for aeveral veara, and ha office tn the Ronton block. The Inter Inland Navigation Com pany'a half inSllioa-dolliir coal con veyor wa given it flrxt trial Hatur dny and Honday ' when X00 ton of If ah eon) wa taken from the hold of a ahip. It worked aud-cMfully, the Inter Inland official report. The eoii veyor 1ia a capacity for unloading 2000 ton ft day. TV. . a.- Hawaiians Pine For Ukuleles m Camp 60 Mainland Miss Their Poi But Would Be Sat isfied With Guitars and Uku IWes, Says Letter Received From Volunteer Engineers There are two thiaga a real Hawai ian caR .not - get along well without poi and ukulele. : But if he haa the one he can manage to exit without the other. The fix of tho Hawaiian boy who enlisted in the engineer, who were given' Honolulu' "Aloha Par ,e" aendoff a few months ago, and are now in Camp Humphrey, Virginia, ia that they' have neither. A loud wail has come all the way f-ni the camp to Honolulu asking for ukuleles and guitars. It ia a real appeal from Hawaiian boys. They are a happy lot eren so far away from hooie, and for the firat time in their lives, too, but the Hawai ian boy ia bappieat when he ha hi little, inconspicuous, but exceedingly melodious ukulele handy. Furthermore the Hawaiian-boy are always expected to -play1 the ukulele wherever they go.- ''ThM men in the army 'camp believe that -'ft Hawaiian boy ia not a real HawaMan 'nlear he plays the ukulele an& dance the hull The island boys at Camp Humphrey want to keep up to the reputation. They will get along Without poi, if only some of our philanthropic Hono lulann will, send them the "music. " Private John B. Kaahunalii, Com pany M 5th T. S. TraJo Engineer, Camp Humphreys, Virginia, write to a friend here, makinfhe1 Uppeal. Aa he mentions the mayor several times, the mayor will be willing to help as semble the "ukes. " Private Kaahu nalii 's letter, dated July fi, is as fol lows: "We have no musics here and would be very much obliged if you ' would send two guitars (Bruno) and three ukuleles. W'e arrived at Camp Hum phreys, Virginia, Jnly 4, after travel ing aix days on the train, from Fort McDowell. California. " Kxtcnil my grateful aloha to His Honor the Mayor of Hawaii, J. -T. Kern, ami tluinking you beforehand nnd awaiting piitiently your reply, etc." " P.S.--There lire five boys that went over the top already Lieut. Herriek C. Brown, .formerly of Honolulu, and it Puaahou and ; YaJ man, is now on service at Camp Lewis. .Gilbert Canario, formerly with the Bishop Bank, ha enlisted in the Hignal Corps at Hchofield Barraks. He is the aon of Mr. and Mr. J. H. Canario, of Hilo. , Lieut. Kdward E. T. Kan, a former Honolulu boy, Is now stationed at the base hospital at Camp Dix, New Jersey. He was attending Harvard University when war ws declared, and immedi ately dropped his itndies to enter the army. Mrs. H. ForVt and her two daughters, Kva and Babs, are expected bere soon from the East. Miss Eva Focke ha spent the past (IV or six, years aboard with .relatives, principally in England. Ellwpod E. Heinle, assistant press ma of The Advertiser, was among the new draftee tent to tha mobilization camp at Fort Armstrong yesterday. - w. a. a. 1 . HONOLULAN PAYS HEAD TAX ON COAST S. M. FROM A PATRON Tli re,, little girls each had received 11 iler Kpoou ns a Christinas gift. "Mini' I111-, 'From Your Papa' ou the liamlli', 1 ' nuiil Georgia. "Mine nays' 'To My. Loving Daugh ter chimed Margaret. ''Ami mine," said Mabel, proudly, "says 'Hotel Amlitoriuir ' "' Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. San Francisco Immigration Au thorities Think Hawaii Foreign Country, Says Henry Walker Henry K. Walker, proprietor of the Walker Rice MSI, who lias lived in Hawaii for more than thirty years and ha always considered these islands his home, is of the belief that the immi gration authorities in San Francisco look on the Territory ns h foreign country. Mr. 'Walker made a trip to Sun Fran Cisco recently and when answering the questions generally put to incoming passenger by the immigration author ities upon the arrival of a steamer at San Francisco, he stated that he was British born but had made his home in Hawaii for the past three decades. Despite the fact that he showed posi tive documentary proof to this effect, Mr. Walker said that he wa obliged to deposit an immigration head tax iu just the same manner as other in coming passenger who wore arriving on the steamer from Yokohama and other foreign Oriental ports. ' "I told the officer," said Mr. Walker, "that Hawaii was a territory of the United States and 1 was of the be lief that one could travel between Ho nolulu.and the mainland the same as you could between New York and San Francisco, but my argument had no effect. I wns told that tho law was the law and that if 1 wanted to lain! in San Francisco I would have to de posit a head tax or remain on the boat. Forthwith I paid over the required eight dollars, which was refunded to me later on my leaving the country for Honolulu. I believe that the law stipulates, that if an alien leaves Amcr iea within six month of his arrival, thehead tax i refunded. . When I had completed my arrangements with the Immigration officials I asked them if it would be necessary for me to pay an other head tax to go from San Fran ciaco to New York, but iceeived no reply to my query." . . . M If i Vul1 flFFFflM Is II II VL.I L-liUU " fit PRACTICALLY ENDS w. s. . SCIENTIST EAGER 10 ENTER ARMY SERVICE Weak Kidneys Age You To Soon 'frrryPtchtrr HbtStory- 9. Too many folks begin- to suffer after mid, lie age with lame, aching buck, distressing kidney disorders and rheu matic aches and pains. Often this is due to faulty kidney action and there is danger of heart - trouble, dropsy, gravel, hardening of the arteries, or Bright ' disease. Don't let weak kid neys uge you. t'se poan '', Baekaaho Kidney l'ills. They ljpvve restored thou sands to vigorous eouffition-. " When Your Buck is Lame Bemem her the Name." (Don't simply ask for a kidney remedy ask distinctly for Iiohii 'm IWkuehc Kidney l'ills and take no other i. I loan's Backache Kidney rills are sold by ull druggists and store keepers, or will be mailed on receipt of Hswniinn Inlic,)" ( Advertisement) price hy the Hollister Drug Co., or Hensou - Smith t Co., agents for the , An example of true blue patriotism was displayed yesterday when C. R. I'enibeiton, who is in charge of . the .fruit fly section of the bureau of ento mology of the I'nited States Kxperi ment Station, appeareil before the selec tive draft lion r, I to be inducted into military service, for he not only had waived ull exrnnption, but secured the permission of his department to enter the service as a private soldier. He registered under the selective draft service last year and was placed in OIhbn .1, owing to the nature of his work ith the fcdeial bureau here. He is also married and Iihk a child. Notwithstanding this he wrote to the Washington hendyuarters o fhi de pnrtiinent asking fur special permission to be released for army service, saying that his assistant, who is not eligible for the draft, was capable of carrying on the important uiirk. The desired permiHsiun was received on Saturday and he immediately made his appear ance before the local and medical hoards and will he inducted on July HI. He will utilize today nnd tomorrow to dose up important work which he was handling for the local experisnent sta tion. Mr. I'emberton is a graduate of Stan ford I'niversity and is also president of the Hawaiian Entumolokieal Society. During his official connection with the federal bureau he has done some very important work on parasite. w. a. . DRAFT CALL PROMPT Out of one hundred and thirty men called to duty yesterday afternoon by Local Dour, I No. '2, one hundred und ten responded, and were sent to tho mo bili.ation camp at For Armstrong. One him, Inxl and thirty more have been ordered by the same board to report at the hi mi, ii v (his afternoon at two 0 Y,i, k. Venter, lay's contingent wa sent to the camp about four o'clock and will be given a stiff medical examination to day ami by this afternoon, all who are not rejected will be in uniform. The draftees sent to the camp Sun day afternoon liv Local Hoard No. 1, were put in uniform yesterday after noon. The first contingent of Big Island draftees will arrive this morning. They will be given a brief examination at the armory by surgeons and sent dowu to Fort Armstrong. ' Case of Miss Flynn and Her Fol lowers Soon To the Jury So- cial System Been On Trial CHICAGO, July Irt The defense in the esse of the I. W. V. leader being tried here is practically concluded and the: jury will have the fate of the dp fendsnts in its hands very soon. The' fate of the syndicalist movement in America, the government contended, rested oa the outcome of the trial of 101 leaders of the Industrial Worker of the World for conspiracy to disrupt the nation's war program, which be gan in federal' court here on April 1 nefore Judge Keneshaw Mountain l.an dls. The indictment against 165 men and one woman, Klizabeth Ourley, Flynn, returned by the September, I1fT,:gTOnd jury, charged the practise of sabotage, including the slowing down of produc tion and the wanton spoilage of mater ial, propaganda for strikes to delay the output of war munitions,-and cov ert intrigue against military service. Forty of the indicted leaders, sensing the government's intentions after the sensational nationwide rnld and con gestion of records on September 5, preceding the indictment, fled from the country or went into hiding and es caped capture. Miss Flynn and two other defendant were granted separate trials, and the charges against a num ber of others were dismissed for lark of evidence. Five Counts of Indictment The five counts in the Indictment specifically chsrged violation of the espionage act, the section of the crim inal code prohibiting interference with the civil rights of citizens, the selective service act, the conspiracy statue and the postal laws. The maximum penaltv for conviction on all five count is 31 in prison and 10,000 fine. From the first day .when the group of, defendants, some wearing long beardk, the flowing tie of the poet, or sporting fancy waistcoats, filed int court under heavy guard, until fina' summing up tn the jury, the defense laid special stress on the contention that th I.W.W. had no interest whatever in the war. "Our social system is on trial," a serted George F. Vanderveer, chief counsel for the defense. "The T.W.W. is concerned wholly in one aim the betterment of social, conditions. This aim is sought by industrial instead of political methods." Witnesses from All Over From all corners of America the gov eminent summoned witnesses to sub stantiate charges that the I.W.W. creat ed a reign of terror in every section where the organization boasted strength, that the members were under pledge to wreck industries throu.h the practise of sabotage, that the es tablished laws were over riden and that after America began war on Ger many a general conspiracy to upset tha country's war plans was entered into. "The I.W.W. was in fact a 'gov ernment within a government' and was ruled over by its swivel-chair king, William D. Haywood, general secretary treasurer," said Frank K. Nebeker. chief prosecutor, in addressing the jury. "The I.W.W. red flag of industrial freedom is only a mask for the red flag of lawlessness. Their own mem bers have testified that the organiza tion's policy is to continue waging war on industries until the employers throw np their arms in despair. Then will the I.W.W. rise up, according to their plans as outlined by witnesses, take possession of the earth nnd its ma chinery nnd thereafter rule the world." Anti-draft and Sabotage With witnesses aud correspondents Mr. Nebeker sought to show that dur ing the early months of the war Hay wood and other leaders directed a cam paign against the selective service net and other war measures from the Chi cago general headquarters. Special attention was given the sub iect of sabotage, or direct action, and for nearly a month Claude H. Porter, special prosecutor, and Mrs. Nebeker rend into the records I.W.W. printed matter and correspondence for the guid ance of all workers, from the humblest servant to the plant superintendent. Included in this great mass of evidence were instructions for bringing about railroad congestion by the missending of freight, the wrecking of saw mills hy driving spikes in timbers, the de struction of fruit orchards by placing copper tacks in the trees and the spoil uge of grain by stacking shocks upside down. Hardens in some districts were planted bo thnt the foliage formed the design "T.W.W." HI Jack Methods Many of the 14l witnesses called by the government, some of them former I.W.W. members, told of "Hi .Tack," or strong arm methods of the organize tion, which included the intimidation of authorities in small communities. Sheriffs and police chiefs were locked in their own jails in some Instances for opposing, "wobbly" armies or failing to make proper provision for their care, it was testified. ' "Hi-Jack" tactics also were used to increase membership, nrording to tcs tiinonv. " Scissors Bills", or non mem bers, were thrown from trains, lock,t in sheds und in one California fruit district were stripped of their clothing, tied over barrels, placed in a small stream of cold water and beaten with barrel staves until they, consented to become members, it was testified. To this and other testimony the de fense replied that the organization not responsible for the nets of indivi dual members, that violence was never advocated liv Haywood. Vincent St. John, his predecessor in office, and Mie meinlicrs of the executive board. Wben Babctaee Helna "If vou were buving sonic silK fioin a drvgoods clerk who happened to lie an '" W." said Mr. Vanderveer in speck intr to the .pirv on saliotaye. " wool I that clerk be doing you and the pulili" in general a rong to inform vou tha' his employer hail mixed ground metal into the silk to' give it more weight? To so inform you is practising sabotage IIM4T.1 SUBSIDES A BIT Call " For Volunteerg Brings To j End Anti-Conscription " " Trouble DtTBLItf, Jury 10 (Associated PrsJ The agitation against conscription hna relaxed - in , ace of t)ie. proclama tion calling for. voluntary, recruits,, and no attempt to apply the dra(t J antici pated before October ,and then only in the event of a conspicuous failure to ob tain the necessary men by enlistment. he' suppression bf illegal" drilling proceeds daily "and is greatly' helped by the warning of the government that if it continue they will declare the counties i affected - special military srens. ' The Irish people have been lfiitk. td.Tealir' fhat thu .extension of such area would greatly facilitate the application of conscription, and advice is everywhere being given to the young men to avoid assembling In military formation. A enrioua feature of the prosecutions is the number of instance which reveal the fact that the accused have brothers or other relatives, some times two or three now serving in the army in France. None of the Sinn Feiners arrested at Whitsuntide, imprisoned under the defense of the Realm Act, ha so far taken advantage of the provision which enables them to appeal against their imprisonment. To some of those who protested sgainst their .continued in carceration without trial, it was point ed out that a trial in some leading instances might mean a conviction, that a conviction on such a charge carried penalty of death, and that the accused might be better satisfied if their friends, instead of interfering left, them to the1 slighter punishment of in ternment. The immediate purpose of the govern ment is to make a success of its re cruiting rnmpaign. The work ia done by civilians drawn from ail political parties, the most notable of whom is Sir Horace Plunkett. Local eommittees will be formed on this principle in every district. Pro-Ally propaganda, hitherto totally neglected, will be un dertaken and an attempt made by suit sble literature to explain to the Irish people the real issues of the war. The Associated Press is informed by a high official here that it is the intention to bring American troop to Ireland. The visit of the Canadians last year proved some stimulus to recruiting, and it is felt that the presence of American troops would bring vividly home tn the Irish mind the part which Ameri ca is taking in the war, and remove the too prevalent impression that this is an English war in which Ireland has no interest. w. a. s. WArrrs young aviators ROM K, July 11 Congressman Ln (tuardia, of New York, commanding the American aviation uuit in Italy, while leaving Rome for the Italian front, was shown a telegram announc in the death of John l'urroy Mitrhol. I .a Muardia grew pule, apparently grief stricken, and said: "This is indeed too bad. It is a great loss to he service for we need men iu the air service who had such vast experience and great executive ability as Major MHtchel. "I sent word to my friends mouths ago that Mitchel had no business fly ing. No men over twenty seven should attempt to learn to fly at this time. It is a voting man's game. I speak from personal experience. At my school I had my doctor take a man off my flying list because he was thirty four. No waivers should be granted to anv person who has reached the age limit when fixed by uir service. "What happened to Major Mitchel is a lesson, but indued a very expensive one. Mitchel could have been u greut help to us with his splendid ability und experience. I can not tell you how badly I feel." When La (iunrdiu was reminded of his own aye he walked away impn tientlv and did not reply. Mr. Iji Ouardia is in his thirty sixth year. HIGHER ESTIMATE ALLOWED FOR HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION East Liverpool, O. Efforts to se cure bids for the construction of one mile of Lincoln Highway iu Ht. Clair township, Columbiana County, failed, due to the fact that the sum origiuaally allowed in this connection did not prov i,le for the rapid increase in cost of material and labor. The original esti mate was (i.11,0()0; a new estimate has been provided by the County authori ties, calling for the construction of a 1(1 foot brick monolithic highway, for which t"8,8O0 ia allowed. In this ainouat is included a sum tor (be construction of one short concrete bridge upon tho Lincoln Highway. against the employer. Yet it is aiding humanity. ' ' Some of the score or more defense witnesses testified that while the I.W. W. was strongly opposed to the draft uct they did not enter into u conspiracy to oppose it, nnd that strikes about the country were Intended only to iui prove working conditions and had no Innring oi the war. Judge I.andis permitted defendants to deliver from the witness stand speeches they niMile from soap boxes and other improvised platforms during the i arly weeks of the war. J. T. I" Third Hail Ited") Durun, one of the leaders on the Western Coast, made an impassioned address which continued four hours. The prosecution concluded its case ou June i?L ... , i , ' .