OCR Interpretation

The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 02, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-08-02/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 2

3 "
( 1 r y i iv . '
MobiUzing WbrlA's SugaC
I k".
, mmmm a a ai mmm aa- . . I i p i H
-J i W. I - ; ' aV: . .-. w
' vA r-t-i W
Li II II IS 11 1 3
-rTAM, ..... . 3
t -' - i'-e. t., 'r, - '.; ; Stvjaa,-.-v - v ,."'- 1 'W-i-- -i, : 1
'." " '. . 1 1 -! ! : : . : .' 1 ' v
:;oiiiiiif!flf:PMPiio.TOTSi!i;p,iiT J
B w SaW BaW W Willi lull - mm m w
, I '!.
... ..,!..-.
Ik-.t ',: .
"'V,, '
' '- I
: . u... -
;ck r,
....... . . . . , ,
All Djffjculties. Ha)re ppn Over
come W AjdyantfS fif AAo-i
No Subscription OfTicq On Main
land To Be Opened and
' Heavy Demand' Indicated 1
Pubseriptions for stock' in American
Factors, KJm!ted,'tbe carporatinn whieh
bnsines Of H. Haekfold A Co.j limited.
wUh 4h proeeeds Y aweh etock, aaa- I
expected to open Monday .Morning! and
to continue oucn about two snkt T-
dicatlont yesterday 'were that all would
be in readings far the opening at thnt
time. ' The' director have to working
out the prospectuav which .will be pub
lish rd in advance of the opening of
aubm-riptio. Other -fteeasnary derails
have been practically all worked odt.
The sale of Ifachfeld V ;o' bo si
nes and the dissolution of that house
will be enmnleted with the' nnaniinoas
consent of the-atoek holders, the eaemy
.i;.-.k..i..M... y.tm v.... '
tentct and their atoek yoted by the .
enatadian of .neaty prooerty. The eo-
eat of the last outstanding stockholder
ha 1een ' received at the offiee of the
custodian ia Waabiagtoa'and monoimee
tnent of the fact sect mora by wireless.
The consent itself was cabled from
holder wa Ujss Clarissa Pflueer. Oct-
ma a her name wound she i a loyal
American, a worker for the ranee of
the Allies, and is bow in Italy nursing.
Her father was a German, her mother
an Australian and the daughter ia an.
pa batrlptlon Office
Sub-4r1ptions for the stock of Amer
ican Factors, Uraited, will received
ia Hpoolulu and only ia Honolulu '
eordlng to the plan as worked ' out.
There-iiad beea some talk on tha streets
of ta poasibility of receiving ubrripH
tiona on the1 mainland also but if is I
untfeastooa toi wtu not be flone thougn
eubscriptlon blanks will likely b sent
thera.-; '
The subscription books will remain .
open from August 5 to August 29 and'
proof - of the Invalty Of the subscriber;
must be furaiahed to the director be
fore an allotment of share is made.
There will be ftO.AOQ share -of 'a 'par
aloe of 1100 each and of an aseurqed:
market value of I50. This iaw
would Indicate that the new stoeV is
expected to, pay about one percent a
Tinder the organization terms the
took will all go into a holding trust
And the successful applicants will re
ceive trust certificates instead of stock
certificates. The shares will tbns'be
held and voted by a board of seven
trustees for the period of the war and
for three years after peace.
Opposition Overcome
Cri ieiiim of the plan that bos been
put into effect to Americanise Hack1
feld A- Co. has been freely voiced
When Rodiek was expected to retnra
within a few days an effort made
to forestall his' return by a sale of
the enemy held stock. It was ece
ary to do this in his abrenre as pow
er of attorney Mould not be valid with
him in this Territory. The sto!k was
old and th plan went forward bat It
did not mept the approval of the ens
tddian. While these plans were going
on many an obstacle was throwa In t the
Wy of the reorganiers by other who
desired to seenre the stock for them
selves. It was impossible to get cable
message through and asperaion upon
the: loyalty and good faith of the re
Organiser were sent to Washington. '
When thit custodian's pla ws an
nounced those who had sought to se
cure the enemy held stock for them
selves did not desist in their efforts.
They offered nothing better, nothing
different from the first plan, the one
the custodian disapproved aa to meth
od and their proposal met Fih a
similar fate. -, t
During that time it ws said that
th chief assets, of Haekfeld ft On.
were it agencies snd that these could
riot be retained unless the plantation
fiail assurance of the management and
were satisfied. Word was sent to
Washington that thia could not be se
cured under the pisn.
It was also said that the stock could
not be sold nn lues it waa know 'that
the agencies could be rtaiord. -"This
report also reached Washington, and
attempts to throw cold water on the
project were many.
But the plans went ahead. Th plan
tation eaiuraiMea have made the new
company their aeut and the subscrlh-4
ers know this before they put in their
Oversubscription Likely
.from the indication that have come
to tha direct'. rate named in the incor
poration papers of Aaterienn Factors.
Itmited, they believe that the atoek
la the new company will 'be consider
ably oversubscribed. Many lre(
bnes have indicated their intention
of Bubccrihing up to the limit of 3500
. shares nd numbers of Individual have
indicated an intention of investing tq
the extent ef their means.
With a holding trust that Is satis
factory, with an assurance of a satis
, factory management, a certainty of
At Present Rate' Last Sugar Will!
Leave Until AbogJ the
Middle of December
' fcngftr hiprpent la July mo veil away
wltk about Iht name afifRil an in Juno
the'flefirttirM for the month being ap
;proitly - 4n,M5 apninitt iSrt
f'jr 'he pervioua month. I'p to Vfed
nesilay the ehipmenta of thia year's
crop hail heen 3.1.1,934 end there won
bo nnnrnximnte halanrr to b uliippei)
a' anoirt zzo.ixni tons,
dpiy ahipmefite were 10.219 ef Wert;
t iv; t 0 l V?inr U"V f rto?-
In the last week tha tannin tli' htn. i
i4enis were J2.6i0:'
i - - , -w - - a
i Jiven though do-1
pwrturea wore
ly.UUU tona in a I cess Of . -
( in. vrri ior ins snar year ine ,
shipment were -still behind the ettt ,
T"r TO report to the h;ppinR
'ivtiK will b -received in the J
'ew ijy ahnwing amouiita
T. T Anpst J, will sfiew a fur t
tier ioeroase. Put the -grind is drawv j
iff to close and production will soon
show sign, of decrease1 SO that atwa
ntulotlon will' be Able to go forward
apd' the ktorei' house 'be eleared.
t Mpviag at. the same rate' as the last
tro"nosths, it' will take four and. a
1 B AA a. .1 ...I . Iff
half monrhs to move 'the balance of
tk lrv brrnping the lb st departnrHi'.
ebont ike aaiddlo of December and in
tv Abe nest oiiRsr year. This will
carry retnrn stilt further forward is
.""""V" "4 well 'along into the
"..",Bd,, '"' Ti"'
elbility of some aceelrtion but otf
of onduch inereaie to make a "month'
cliff erenre . n
''the closing up of the
: '.. ". -1.
ible that the Kguros on
rr year,
1 It i prohabli
saar awoitin
shipmofit will be not mall envelopes containing Jiuite,i por
i tons It i wHrtiMmi' , x ' "V.ir"
th" .' ' (JnmparaUyoly small
amonnt that ha yet to be ground. The
tabor hort(re aiay have aotnewhat de
layed euttlhg and grinding that the
sugar ia storage furore will be found
somewhat lower, oowever.
lln the plans for the movement of .
SUD-OT b wav or the earial It is nmlei-.
stood 'that the Hyadee, Annie Johtisoa,
rrirenne ana one otner or live old ves
..is win e.rrj ugnr io nan mnriseo;
the new wooden vessel, helping bn;tiBj
th.. earyo wrrring program! fcteel v.
.ela.. mostly of between 2500 and 4000 I
' A . 1
tonyiaee -wlH carry the Kastern Bngar'
and the transport may carry some
while the Tcred will carry the bal
ance -of the' sugar to Canada, The
mall itentners will, it is believed, be
suffii-ieot to carry the Eastern sugar.
The matter of insuraae rate is now
being adjusted. ' i
.,).. w. as. ..I.
-en-prt thnt ni'irfrctorr con-tro-t
fn- Ibe en- tin i:i'ion of cultiva
tion of tn 'cad h-ud until nuch
lands or- -icti-nth liken - l is expected
within 1h. t r" - d-v prfeticlly
111 ob.jerti-.i- h: inir been rcmoveJ, it
i m-orte-1. TIo cdief of such difllsul
ties wbs the rpirtion of groas receipt
from sueh ecie u muy be ewUivaied
and burvented uuder the agreement.
The original proposal was a paysant
of ten rent of tha gross return for
each suob ai-re and the agreement
reached wa for five percent..
Beyond doubt the plantation want
this acreage under aorianl conditions
gnd they will live up to the pravlaiona
of eultivatiug it so far as they are
able but it is a question how fully tbey
will be abie te do no with tha limited
labor that is available. Tbu Che. gov
ernment will b nffatel in revenue, se
eured from these lunds just a the
(ikintatiens will be affected In total
revenues. : ' .' -t '
i The Governor expresses confidence
in the sut-ceits of the new plans both
for homsteading and keeping the laad
under cultivation bat there are those
who feel that the time ia unfortunate
by reason of the general high cost and
the labor shortage.
V. a. a.
Prelminsry papers in an a.aumpslt
puit against Pepeekeo Sugar Company
nave been filed by Amos de Costs, a
homesteader, it is reported in paper
arriving from Kilo. The claim 1. for
4$43, the amount be claim the com
pany agreed to pay fur hi 1018 crop
and was due, he asserts, May 33.
Mr. Costs says that he owns about
43 acres of cane laud in the Fereekeo
vicinity, some of which be bpmctefcd
ed and some of whioh he purchased out
right. There are several other amall
farmers areusd Pepeekeo who contract
with the Pepeekeo Hgar Company to
tuke their cane am) mill it, but Mr.
Costa is of the opinion -that nil the
Other contract due hnve been met.
His contract wm made through tha
First Truitt Company of Hilo. Mr.
Costa ia represented by A. 0, 'Correa,
now act inn .iu ik'e of the District Court,
the holdiNg of all agencies a much more
htraight forward proposition, far more
buslneHHlike and certain, ais'hoea of
fered to the Investing public., than had
been deemed probable. '
For Allies and'Nfe'utral s
. w ;
i. i ,i Head of 8ugr DItWod, Unltwl BUM rood A&nlnlctraUon. ' ' ' '
When-the Unite'8tfe ccepta tb,ehnl;r iijjr' la m'"rei nwornls wilti"
Germany, It was reiygnixel that food rnnut be mobihro'1 a well' an men,
"Fool will win the war" became a' national slogan. With full appreciation
of tha emergency, Congress- oonas the movement of man to cantonment
was antler war enacted the Food OontroJ JJi!, .Herbert Hoover ha.l already
)em a)etei by tha I'reeident a tA adminitrtorr had surveyed te field,
and begun the work of mobilising tlie.oo4 rtoteo. . . , t
; t"!olncident with the pneeage of tha - . ' 1
)ill,: the fool administration wns for-; and tha iirUia was faplifl rising. '
mally arKanixed. Tha tminadiata rrea-j . To Ma W lis the price 4a thla country
tlon by Mr. Hoover cf the jmcsr divl- for reAaad . auitsr which hi sires uoon
sloa waa a tribute to the importance the price i Cuban raw- it waa neiea
of ugar i our eeonomie Ue. That it ear U atop .the SHtriUd hiding for
I I a essential food wa generally -ap
preriated, but. thnt sugar la tn yerr
" ' the aincwa of wr,;
iukIuJ V. ... t J.. T .
s v r v w ess , iijarstv i ,
the eoldief It brinn strength and 'naljwith Oerniany?
in the niiivkent form. Tft bhth soldi Krl
an.i eivuif n It tarnishes the earr.cn-
hvdrates 'which a eomplete diet re-l
. Mt, Hoover the eae even
tronger, .U the following ordt
"The ns of aogar ha Itowb dnr
ing 'the last 100 years into our cull
1 I ' . II. i ' . . . . . . A
ourj pun hihibiic tire iq art as a urc
of binding material on which our- enj
in so Israclv rasolve. i Therefore,
maintenance of honsehold eonsampt
is deirtle bevond all question; l
U. ' . a. t .i. i
ro riir nujiur runsumpiiun lrft-rav suunr
hnbt .'toA lnw has -a. innrsr 'dcmrMSfii
effect, tnflnitely, rn a population th
ta rut off it nianufaetaring os,"'
' How ifuo this is was borne i upoa
us last fall and "winter, waea. betake
of scarcity due to war conditions, U
'waa doted Out in Small parcoJs. . While ;
the bread line was dispersing, the sugar
line wa forming. Anxious housewives
apportioned th family allotment with
i unwonted fn)9lity and pubJie fcatisg
'ilare rationed their gtifsts through
' Tha announced purpose of the food
Administration ' to seenre compliance
with its regulations by elf -impulsion
rather than compulsion, found expres
sion in the machinery sot In motion py
tn sugar division. Moouixisg th so
ear industry wa begun iy calling in
Iconfereneo with Mr. Hoover, first the j""?? TV
, I manufacturer of boot ugar and ltari',Tr'"y
lh refiner oaVane nugar. A a reauit VES!.
. m 4i - 7. i x . . .
.ne.e TOn,erencrB vp.uninr, gr-
mentd were entered into between tha
food admiai.tr.ti.n and -tha . Intararfe.
named. Notwith.tanding the fact that
ngar was then selling
tke. BeHin nt between
" "e? P Pi1""''-.,
eieht and
sell their product at 7 V4 oeat
,. , , . v" ..i i
K- LL. riV n.S f f.Krti
agreed to accept B maximum margin ,
ind for their-ser-
the coat of refining iue Ibi outbreak
of the war.
Poalsrs Wre Llassd
By ' proclama'lon, refiners, mani fac
turers of beet sn"nr. wholrsnlers and
iobtvers, wer licen ed, and! aTrter caro
fl investigation ths food Administra
tion annoaneed "What was a fair profit
for all there various services As the
ffi control act exempts from its pro
visions -ay 'retailer whoae basis ess doe
not exceed $100,004 year, fair prices
to the consumer were secured throng b
the publication by the food adminis
tration of the prevailing' wholesale
prices in different parts of th country
and of the maximum retail prices which
bouxewives should pay.
. I'pto this point, the idea of volun
tary observance of tlje rule promul
gated bv the food administration ap
plied to sugar as to other foods. But
sugar Is peculiar in this, that the
I'uited Hi ate. raises only one-balf os
much a rt citir.ens consume, There
tore, the mobilisation oft the rndatry
could not lav been effective without
control orer tha other half.LWA&t wa
in ia uarrowyr aspect a naH,onal pro
blem, wa -oon found to be Bterua
tional and world-wide;' : . v t
The sugar industry may b likened
to a bowlful of jelly or a spider's web
touch any part and the whole ia af
fected. ' '-.-
If the United 'Mates were cut off
from the seas, as th Teutonic Powers
were before the collapse of Bussia, our
sugar situatieu would be precariots.
W would have to depend on Onr dom s
tic mainland crop of approximately
f o million toji(, pne fourth of which is
I-ouiiaua cane and three-fourth Wpjt
ru beet. Thit would give us but twenty-two
pounds n year per capita. Th
Allies being in control of th aaaa, now
over, we bva been able to bring sugar
from Hawaii Bud the Philippine suffi
cient to add fifteen pounds to our In
dividual yearly consumption, and from
Cut aad Port Bit-o over forty pounds,
suBU-ient for an aanual consumption of
oyer eighty pounds. Tb. indicates
the vital importance to us of sugars
from overseas.
One third of tht world's sugar sup
ply comes -normally from beet lands
within the present battle line of
JCurope. Before tha war, England pur-s-baped
most of ber sugar from the Cen
tral J'gwer. With that region rut off,
she turned to source, whlnh supply the
United Htates, principally Culji.
In view of tha ileinaucj upon Cuba
for her upp)y, ii was Apparent that the
mobilization of the industry would bsve
been 1 inufferti ' without tha- eoopera
tion of the Cuban people. The island
hupplies the United fc tales with about
one-half the sugar .onsumed here.
While t'uha has always beu of vital
impoAanee to us, -siue the outbreak
of tha war this has become emphasised,
.last before the eatabtishmeot fit the
United Htates food Administration
Cuba wa besieged by anxious buyers,
oi renin urr uui
ewes 4 . , CUOllSl A tl VI UDI IV B4 Ita as : z V x'uuanu ass HID j j 1u.ll njnty
v.ces. Thi, p,.rgn. wa arrived at by . .y-.n.te of banner, and other, ' need very nicely.
-'-- was formed, vbit-h offered to advance ing sentiment
in the prewar period an-l idding an' . ( u- a 100,000,000 in Chinese. Tl
.i : . . i k:j i: .
them rart iul the eompetlt :oi. en led
by the .e tabiishineBt of ; he iivterrtn..
tlonnl nugof tommiUeo, ropveaenting all
t.. ..j- .
tbe i'Bt i) a) govrralaenta Bow at war
' ; irt. .r..... ..,n,lt. I.
eomjxuied of lv membf re, two ropre el
intivas cf he Rrititk royal eomuiissiot
on- h suar sunolv. Sir Joseub White-
To'd and if. Ramsey Drake) two mem
bers' 'representing the American sugar
refining1 ; rpitustry, Erl !). Dabst and
William A. Jsunson, and Oeorfe M.
boli h .es bead of the suyar division of
??J9Tn'"M,l:?VltfA0.l'l lbo' bureau say., that there
4-t-omnn'a 0 praetlraUy aH tb avail- .... ',if.fc t.-..
able aupar raised 4a the western 'hemis
plierr. At the same time 'there wa
lonnod the American-reflners' eommit
tt(" to-apoortioa to the refineries ia
he Uota( -Stares the sagar purolisaed
iy1ha iqrertintloual cenraiittee and
allocated -to this eodntvy. 1 Working
band I head Wirh ahase two commit
tee was .tha Joint Committee on West
Indies 'transiKirtatiop, . which supplied
the tonnage for the movement of sugar
from 'uba and the West Indies. ' s
Agmemani; yTtth Oubf
i The1 prititiipal event of the year to
Ihe ear industry wa - the execution
of December 24( 1017, of an agree
ment between the international sugar
coiemitree, the royaj rpmmission n tha
iiugnr napplyrof London,' and all tho
refiners ; of the United State on the
one id, ami rtprescDtrntives of Cuban
inter the other, Thi agreement
ioUernatiqtiai and dtjdomatio
ai xtreine-delicacy, financial
, jdiiHeultieaaf Iba drat magnitude, and
xiptrtAw tt huge proportions,
u .""J'Jij., tkaU ?f or an.antlon
2ff!v? LL- -i..".I !C
Jj; Wo ..rveiT ?or !
Spain or Pan-American countries. .Th ,
"a. th. large of it. kind In the
tons reserved 'for i
. . . . m . . i i . . : . i. jk i I
niaioryi m ugii,!iovmuij i in-i i
P"eha.e U one transaction of over ,
nnam nartr. ,:..., la the
"r: -Tr"J- .' ."T.TZk'I f.K.-
which was required
Other instances of the active coop
eration of the mobilized sugar indus
try wioh the- food administration are
not hard to find.. One of the objects
of food control, aa stated in the act,
waa ''to control the distribution of i
food products." Ia the fulilment of
this purpose the refiners furnished the
federal food administration an elabor
ate record of past purchases of cus
tomers, and to the state food adminis
trators a daily list of shipments made
into the several 8tates. In this way
the Administration has become ndvine.1
of the requirement of any wholesaler
or manufacturer using sugar, and can
grnge his proper requirement.
In the "HAV"tthe Fruit Crop" cam
paign, the'sojar -tndtistry assisted the
Administration 'in Ovefy way. While
canning -end ptcecrviag increase the
use of sngar.'tbev effeei a saving of
fruit gnd vegetables which otherwise
would be Wasted. l-Ast yeac, hundreds
of thousand of jars Of fruit nnd vest
tables were put up in respono to the
appeal of the food administrat'on. The
same assis tapes was rendered in re
atricting th supply of sugar to "lens
essential Industrie, and in discourag
ing hoarling fnd profiteering.
A UUoB-pioUfr Induatry
Bugar may be called a billion dollar
industry. The amount of capital in
veated in th -industry in the United
Htates and near-by islands is roughly
a Wllloq dollars, and the amount of
business done annually is estimated at
that amount.
The ramification of the eugar in
dustry embrAe almost every line of
business. Our old third reader had a
story that well illustrated thesis iiiter
reUtiontkin. The story was called:
"Tt ludding That Took a Thousand
Men to Maks," The bov who looked
at it wa astonished to find an ordi
nary plum pudding, enough for but a
single uieaL But when he was asked
to flffure ,vp tho number of men re
quired to gather the wheat, the plum,
the spices, and all, the number needed
to make the harness for the horses that
drew the plow that cultivated the land
that produced the Ingredient of which
the pudding w made, be soon found
that the e.tjmat of one thousand men
w. far too low.
Even the "one cup sugar" specified
in the re.ipo for the plum pudding was
produced in th melting pan of diver
sified industry.
The refineries themselves use quanti
ties of coal. barres, jute and cotton
rs-ra. bonefilack. acid, auto trucks, de
livery wagons, horses, harness, feed,
brooms ia fset, the purchases of the
refiners run the whole guiuut of the
supoly field.
Oreat fleet, nf steamships are renir
d to move raw sognr. The refined
trr i .shinned In freight ears by
tho tralnload.
Between th ioitiul process of irri
gating tbe cane and beet Held, and
Relief iJot In Sight' l)nlcss Trans-
portation Can Be Secure
In Some Manner
' ) 'u. ,
Thoi far the eensns or eanvasi of
unemployed who would be available for
sugar plantation work has not been
highly satisfactory to the labor bureau
of the Planter' Association. A careful
going ' through of the anetlon ot the
.u .1 m . 1 1 iiviiil.ti ;
tricts has disclosed thnt there are very
few of this race. i!ie flmire being only
a little more than flrty and leaa thaa
' .
Canvassing among the Japanese ha
not yet been completed but the labor
bureau feela that few of those 4a 4he
city would go to work oa the stignr plan.
tatioDS unless they had to do so, that
inch change of occupation would have
to be eompulsory.
No Relief Bora
No improvement in the labor aitna-
tion la in eight. As the draft goes 'oa
source must be created through Japan
ese or Chinese immigration for there
are two adequate sources, the Philip
pines and Porto, Rico. The situation is
the same a that which brough the
ngar famine to the Ksst last year,' lack
of transportation. There is n short
age in the world 's supply of labor but
the available supply is not where it is
needed and eannot be speedily bronght
there just -there waa no ihortage of
sugar available for transportation but
It waa not where it waa needed, jnat a
there are vast stores of sugar here now
awaiting shipment estimated at close
to 3,800,000 pounds.
K. D. Tenney, president of the Plant
era' Association has admitted that the
situation is so serious that the planta
tion may not be able to cultivate their
entire acreage.
E. Faxson Bishop, chairman of the
committee on labor of the association
ay the 'situation i growing more and
more critical and relief mast be se
cured, evidently hoping' for ome ar
rangement for. transportation.
Question of Appeal
Ho action on the proposal to bring
Chinese labor here has ever been taken
by the trustees of the association and
ft Is said the
ployed ninth
e same policy will be em-
i. . . i i . i
:unKc m mo gentlemen a agree-
ment" relating to J.p.nes. .Immigra-
Hon though some of the planterTend
.hinner. think th nnn . i i
Yu . " ' " . -..T".
PIib wuuiu xiii me
There is also a grawr
toward an effort to bring
policy of seeking labor '
changes in federal law or I
international agreement is required
still holds, however, and tha advocates
of that policy eannot nee that Japaoose
or Chinese could be brought here if
Filipinos cannot or why Filipinos can
not when Japanese could.
Competition ia Kaon
Pincanbln fields hava .nffarAf .imlt.r.
ly to the cane plantaioas through the
call of the guard and the draft and, aa
a result, there is a keen competition
for labor between the two indusfrles.
It is reported that the pine growers ere
carrying lame advertiinmant. for lh.
orers In the Japanese paper and are
offering a higher wage than the sugar
pluntatious pay. So far as the can
neries no, much of the labor is women,
girls and school boy so that there is
uot much demand for malo labor there.
Relative to the Japanese who are em
ployed in other occupations about Ho-1
nolulu, not so essential as sunar mak-
iug, the labor bureau believes they
won hi go to the canneries as first
choice, the pine fields as a second and
the sugar plantations of this island
next, to the other islands only a a last
resource and under compulsion.
the 11 mil process of distributing the
white crystals in granulated or tablet
form to the family sugar bowl, there
is u vaxt network of coordinated ac
tivities which build up our export
trade, siiHtuin the integrity of invented
capital furnish livelihood for a mighty
multitude of people, provide funds. for
Liberty Bond la trues, Red , aud
Y. M. C. A. contributions in a word,
mnke up the warp and woof of in
dustry. ,
The mold Mention of the .u-jnr bu.i
ness ia- ' sdocesM. Despite ihff sacri
flces involved in changing from the old
order to the new, the steps taken have
had the support not only of the in
terests directly affeetd, but of the
people at large. The measure of the
contribution of tha sugar industry to
the war is the inoaaure of the caving
to the American people,, and thi the
ood administration estimate at many
millions of dollars. The sugar Indus
try, welded into an efliclent - unit, is
now moving forward as an eaaeutial
part of the great nask to which the
nation is commit jd.
Selection ' Are higher among the
draftees who were sent to Fort Arm
strong since last Saturday than amonn
those previously sent, which may result
hi an invasion of Cla. B of . the
I t,
wnre no
draftee, in order to fill out the total ihi firm, It was atated, eburget) exgr
of 1002 men required for aervice at bitant froight rate, for sugar making
Fort Hlmfter and Rchofield Barrack.. I it practically impossible for the mer
A detachment of 133 men were re- cimnt to uiake a profit,. It seemed
ceivt-d at the mobilisation camp yester- to be the general Impression that the
day morning from Magi, while '250 men government ahould take soma steps to
will arrive from Hawaii on Saturday, intervene in the situation la order to
and auother huudrod are due from save the sugar country rom economic
Kauai. j ruin, . '
Jron Works Will Pour In Million
,' j Dollar - Will For Philip
7 V pine Corporation -
; ' . f.:-. .. . t i. . .
- Anhounoement - of the letting of a
contract to the Honolulu Iron Work
by the' Yanchaustis Company of the
Philippines was made yesterday. I
eonaeetion with tha anaouncement Wil
liam O. Hall, manager of the company
said that ha would leave on trip
to the Islands either the latter part
of thia month or the first of Beit.
The mill just ordered frpm 4h Ho
nolulu Iron Work i to cost a million
dollar and is to be practically identical
in type with two other mills .which
have been ordered of th company by
Philippine concern this year, . These
pther two plant, ara located at Ta.be, -ealera
and Pampanga. All three will
bo thousand ton plant, and capable of
doubling capacity by establishing a sec
ond unit when desired. v Th first de
parture of machinery for thia third
plant is expected to be about Jerec
months front thia time, ' 1 - ',
Plant of the Honolulu Iron Work
are popular in the Philippine aad thia
new plant wiU be tha aighth to b la
stalled by that company.
, Further details of the plan fer this
-"Hi have arrived ffom Manila uader
date of June 24. the article aayinet
Incorporation papers were filed ibis
morning by- Don Aatonio Malvehy,
manager of th Cottpania Oenerai de j
Tabacoa Filipinaa, Carlos FerrBadU,
Peres Samaniilo, and numerous other
local men, for the BaI Sugar Cantral,
which Mr. Malvehy states ia Already,
nearly completed And ready to begin
operating in the province of Oriental.
Negro. The corporation in capita
lined for 100,000 pesos, which has
been divided into 3000 shares of 00
re so, each. Of the 500 share old,
tha Compenla General de Tabacoe de
Filipina ha (ubaeribed for 4S9, Tn
chAuati and company for 50, and fid
fael peren for 42.
Ynchaustl and company Are belijved
to be the p rime' mo vera of ths -new
central, becAuse they Are known .to
have large land holdings nar the town
of Bain, on which sugar can ia grown
extensively. Tha central offiee of the
company wJU Ae in Manila, Mr. Mal
vehy atated thia morning,' thongh he
further atated that no general manager
had aa yet been definitely decided, no
on. ' '
Mr. Malvehy say that the-central
itself is practically completed, and, Fill
certainly be ready for the coming cane,
harvest in November. The machinery
haa been purchased, in Honolulu, -and
will be shipped her very shortly. Bev
eeral miles of railway track aad Uie
other necessary equipment for hauling
,h can' to the mill, a been ordered
ia the United States and will also be
shipped to the Island before the cane by Mr. Kekart, but the paper is SO high
season arrives. as to make the -plan practically pro-
The iaeorporators are very optimi- Kibitive. -tic
in reirnrd to the new centra) which t .v. xwnt.i.,. .
has just been incorporated, and atate i ' , , . . '
that with the modern machinery which L U?T l e,u? .' fon,,worry1' .?
, . . ... , Campion said, and in touching on thia
i!..C0.m " "?i.,fc'!i.yjljanbjie4 he cle'arly showed th. sentiment
out a very high quality of sugar, iff
' stead of the muscovado which is now
, produced in mat region,
ir. A B.
Philinninfi Planters Take Vinorous
Action On Crvina Need
Showing one of the tep. that led up 'i ,,,, , , rf
to the secunug of shipping to move , tna I vitt u atrange Jand., painting an at
I'hihppine sugar crop somes an article 1 ,,.M. ...21 Th- .JTT.u .iZ ii.iii.
which was published in the Cubic N.ews
ASnerican of June 26 which reports.
All Iloilo and tha sugar-growing re
gion of the Southern Island i -work-'
Ad up over the present lack of .dipping
facilities for kugarv which Is' causing
the stock of this staple to accumulate
rapidly ou account of its not being aid
to reach a market.
According o a telegram received yes
terday' by (Knatr Eaparidion Ouanco, a
great maaa meeting wa held in Iloilo
yesterday at which step were taken to
bring about t possible nome relief in
the situation, which la causing great
economic loss to th armara and ir
chanta of the Vjaayan country.
The telegram read follow.:
."A great, public meeting of mer
chants and farmers passed a resolu
tion appointing a committee composed
of Governor Yuio, Representative Ahi
nan, Fteban de la Rrn, Vinento Lo
pea. Mauro Prieto, Senator Ouanco
and Ruperto Montinola to take op the
augar question immediately and make
every effort to have tha freight And
tonnage difficulties nettled.
"Messrs. Alunaa, de la Rama and Lo
pec left for Cebu today. Governor Yule
and Mr. Montinola Left -thin, afternoon
on the VizcAya for Manila, where tbey
w ill be joined by Senator Ouanco And
Mr. Mauro Prieto in taking up the mat
ter there."
Heen last night, certain projninent
Houtheruers atated that the
for nioyiog the ugr stock is a.earbr
in the hand of Vicente Madrigal.
former Resident of, Islandt It
Optimistio andi'.tflls .of
Growth In Progress' '
u -;. ' isIbri-atesx problem
Planters Qbect To Seeing Labor
;' ieavrTo Come To Ha
waiian Cane Fields
.Normaa Campion, formerly with OnO
men Sugar Company, now manager of
ith Calambra Estate in the Philippine
( highly optimistic on the subject of
jthe sugar1 industry of those island, and
erpect. to see it go' f orwar A with rapid
Stride, just' as soon a. shipping -can be
secured to make tha transport of the
outturn reasonably certain. Ha feela '
assured that arraugementa have been
made that will bring About tha moving
of the present crop nnd believe that"
the immense htp building program will
car for tho nxti nnd subsequent crops.
He stopped off in Honolulu last week
en voyage ta tha maiwoa. ' : '
, One of the great, difficulties which
the Philippine had to meet in th past
has aow teen removed, he said. Thia
haa been tha diffieulty- to interast-capi
tal in tha industry which resulted iq an
inaufflcient number of mills. Now. h
saya,-juiila ara being ordered rapidly
and nmple capital -1 Available for, in
vestment in the industry. Ha mentioned
four large mills,' with capacity for a
thousand .tens of can n day, that have
been ordered, three from the Honolulu
Iron Works. His own plantation ia put
ting in A fine Hill. Other reports have
told of two or three more mills in addi
tion to thoso which he mentioned.
Condition! Differ : '
' Conditions ' for growing sugar are
more1 simple - ia tha Philippine thaa
hero. The growing period -if twelve
month instead of eighteen so that three
crops can be harvested to two ta Ha
waii. Thia give ana advanUgB
. iFertiliaera are little needed. . Soma
nltratea ara need but ' vary little : a
compared with here.' '"When he left; tha
Pbilippln- there wo. an ample aup.
ply.. Growing condition Are such' there
that if the same system of fertilising
wore need -the --ean.0 -would allow in
stead of being improved.
Little or no irrigation is undertaken.
Th aeaaen 1 clearly divided into A wet
And a dry season And tho keeping of
the cane fields free from weed is not
so difficult nnd costly.'- In thia there
have been some experiments with the
.Olaa - mulchiuir system, advocated there
of the planters in the 1 hilippine In
reference to draft oil their labor ap
ply by the Hawaiian plantationa. la
the Philippine, he aays, the. labor sup
ply is limited. There would seem to be
ah over supply of men but the bulk of
them will not work, at least not regu
larly. . They are, a he described them,
a parasite lot who live off the earning
of the comparatively tew who do- work.
Living cost uie siuail, their necesmtie
are not large anj they would rather
t PAt ' ' 1 .. tl.i. n,.V kM- a
liv, it- ,.nim,ii,w thnt it., w. -,;;.,,
1 "k' '0l,t" 'u'n into 0,6
hriet. an.l t tha ..i... lim. Ih.t tha
' Philippine labor recrttlts are working,
piiie plotters are unable to meet. With
freight rates higher, for what thay
bring In a well ai'what they send out,
tlui Phi lipuln planters Are unable to
oiiwt the Litis whii-h tha Hawaiian
planters are able to make for labor.
TrMghf Rates
As1 to freight rate that wa flxml
by the ahipftlug board the planter
.would hav iittio cause for complaint
were it possible to get bottoms, but
this ha been impossible. Tha -foreign
steamers, not bound by those 0gurea
would ihurg at least loubie far sug.r
aud are not Anxious at such llgiire ,to
Ajull 41i. space for sugsr is admittedly a
"dirty cargo" and .th shine -caa sell
thoir space for practically -whatever
they desire to carry in the way of
gooi. ,
Mr. Campion took no stork in the
theory advanced by some here that the
reason the Hawaiian planters Ara put
tiug a mill in the Philippine if to keep
the Philippine planters from objecting
so strenuously against labor exports.
He id' th uultinir in of a central
would not hav that effort although it
might bring about eomewhat closer 're
lations between th sujar Industrie oi
tn two group.
4U KaodA Watching.
India is tlic couiLoa muar nroducer
that must be watched ho believe. Tnst
country now grow more and wast
mora sugar Mian any 4h,er country fo
it h not tii a,elUtie for puriyint
When the war is over he expects to et
capital go into the Indian auger luj
dustry aid to see A buaines. com pot :
tioit result that it will require constant
Attention and tho shrewdest businesi
management to meat.
BL.i'l.i .. j....i.....iasi. ijniiuniaif
F. P. Rose nc reus, manager ot th'
Puia store, is a guest at tha Youu

xml | txt