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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 06, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-08-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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August 5, 1818 Last twenty
four hours' rnlafall, . O.U.
Temperature, fclin. 70; Ma.
82. Weather, Partly, Cloudy,
- ; .
An MeaJa Meatiest ud Om Wboatloas
VOL, LII. NO. -63 f; :iv ';.".', ;'.;'..;
Allies Press Ttongh Qoagmires; Cross Vesle
At Several Points and Build Bridges To
Up, Artillery; Americans
; Win Glory :
LONDON August 6 (Associated Press) The continuous
arrival of fresh regiments, brigades and divisions of Amer
icans In France, with the record these troops have already
made In battle, has greatly hastened the ebbing German
morale, according to the statements of German prisoners
and information otherwise obtained by the Allies.
Distrust ot themselves, of their leaders and of their chance
for ultimate victory Is now rife in the enemy's ranks and von
Ludendorf's official statements of the situation are being
generally discredited by the civilian populations The people
are growing conscious that the truth is being concealed from
them. - ; j''.rv.t -:
TARLSf Aogust $-(As!kciated
A iorSes are streaming north to the Aisne and the shelter afforded
by the heights pf the Chemins des pames to the north of that rfver,
a strong rear guard has taken up positions north of the Ancre River
and it is now apparent that the Germans will attempt to make a
stand there., sufficient at least to hold up the Allies' pursuit and give
the Crown Prince time to take up a defensive position on the select
ed line. ' ,'
The Germans, are again using their artillery and a heavy duel
is in progress, with the Allied guns south of the Vesle and the Ger
man guns placed on the r high ground north of the Vesle, along a
front from north of Rheims to the Aisne, northeas.of Soissons.
The American field artillery is. taking an active part in this battle.
The Germans are vigorously resisting an further advance of the
j..' AIUi$.(FKJK5S NORTH;: .,J
... A Despite, thiavlhc AiUea- toward tvetxinff. yestljra'crcwsed; the
Vesl m a MHit'it'et places and are already Bringing heavy, pres-,
sure against the hw German line, despite ; the quagmires and'tlie
floods. Last night the engineers wiere worTng feverishly in pre
paring bridged over whicK the guns 'may be transported to the north
of the river and the German defenses blasted in preparation for the
infantry. ' , - '
In th,e air fightjflg on the Vesle Saturday the Americans shot
down four German, machines.
On the Soissons front the French advanced and took up posi
tions north of the Aisne.
The Allies' advance of Friday, and Saturday brought their in
fantry and cavalry far ahead of their guns and Sunday and yesterday
were employed in bringing the artillery forward anJ getting it into
position to force the passage of the Vesle. The lowland of the Vesle
Valley have been transformed into swamps and morasses and while
these held the retreating Germans and made their losses tremendous
during their crossing of the Vesle, they are now helping the Ger
mans and preventing the Allies from bringing their big guns quickly
into place.
In completing the occupation of the important base town of
rismes on the Vesle River on Sunday the Americans in hand-to-hand
fighting in the streets with Prussian guards covered themselves with
Klory. This street fighting became one of the bitterest bits of bat
tling of the war, the Prussians neither asking nor giving quarter.
It was a fight to the death, with the Americans using the, bayonet
and ritle butt and clearing the streets with machine guns. The
Prussians were wiped out.
The interest in the western "front is divided now between the
reports from the particular battlefront on the Soissons-Rheims front
and the reports from the various sectors from Soissons to Ypres.
The defeat on the Marne, the smashing in of the Soissons-Rheims
-alient and the heavy losses the Germans have sustained in men
and material are being felt all along the German front. The col
lapse of the Soissons-Rheims front appears to have .seriously affect
ed the entire plan of von Ludendorf and the indications are now that
i he Germans wijl resume the defensive for the time being from
Rheims to Ypret.
The entire western line in France, from the angle at Montdi
dier into Flanders, is more or less active, with the Germans with
drawing from their more exposed positions. Opposite Albert the
Germans have Withdrawn along a wide front, destroying all the
bridges across the Ancre in the AUiert sector except one, retaining
possession of that. This is the crossing in Albert itself. The Bri
tish have moved forward and occupied the territory evacuated by
the enemy.
Further south, following Saturday's withdrawal, the Germans
have also destroyed the bridges crossing the Avre, dynamiting these
after their guns had been withdrawn.
This retrograde movement by Prince Ruprccht gives the Bri
tish once more possession of Hamel and Dernancourt.
Further south, west of Montdidier, between that town and
I'.taihes. the Germans retreated two miles over a front of seven,
flossing to the east bank of the Avre.
On the north, the British have been actively raiding at Arras,
t. iking prisoners, while heavy artillery duels are taking place in the
Ypres salient on both angles, north of Jiethune and south of Ypres,
between that point and Hazebrouck.
Fast of Robecq, in the Ypres salient, the British advanced
-lightly yesterday.
The Berlin report issued yesterday says that British attacks
Press)--While the main German
' ', ... : 1 .'':- liTtrkT -r. i- a' nmi
war Anniversary message
aftd the danger of entering upon
logan "Hold Fast".
italiShip .
, ,.i'.-i .;"f 1 ' r-v '
LONDON,' August 6 (Associated
Press) Clearly Indicated as a bos
pltal Hhip the ambulance transport
warilda, homeward bound, loaded with
nick and wounded, was torpedoed with-
out warning by a German submarine ,
on Saturday. Of the nearly eight hun
dred passengers and crew one hundred
and twenty three are reported missing !
by the Admiralty which .gave the news
of the disaster yesterday and further
details last night.
With more than four hundred pa
iivnta aboard, unmistakably marked as
hovpital ship, the Warilda was ruth
lessly attacked. The torpedo struck her t
below a wardroom in which were more
than a hundred patients, most of whom
were trapped as they lay in their
berths or on their rots, and perished.
Six hundred and fifty survivors from
the destroyed' merey ship have been
safely landed but 123 are still miss
ing. .
Splendid heroism and self sacrifice
was displayed by the nurses and medi
cal corps men.
w. a. a.
CAMP KKARNY, California, August
((Associated Press) The Thirty sec
ond Infantry, recently arrived from the
Hawaiian Islands will form the nucle
oli s of a new army division.
It has been determined the members
of the regiment shall act as instructors
to the national army men who arc in
training here and these duties the reg
ulars have already undertaken.
w. a. a.
WASHINGTON, August 5 (Associa
ted Press) Contact with a mine is
determined to have been the cause for
the loss of the armored cruiser San
Diego io the report that has been rend
ered by the naval committee which has
investigated the disaster.
Kvidence clearly showed that the ex
plosion was from without and the thory
of torpedoing was then exploded.
The committee exonerates the orhY.eis
of the Han Diego from all blunie in the
fit V&.T; ?:iHv A '
it . . ' r t - r.
3! VW:-( 7,-
v eft "
torth of Albert and on both sides of the Sornme have l.i. n repulsed,
vhile northwest of Montdidier the Germans have withdrawn and
taken up positions on the east bank of the Avre.
premier of Great. Britain. In
he warns aeainst Teuton Euile
a premature peacei souding the
Fishing Boats
To Diver Graft
WAHI1 INQTON, August 6 (Asso
ciateil Press) Fixlting craft are the
ray prov of, gleeful Teuton submarine
romnmndora. Three American finning
m-noonem were sunk off the coast of
Nova Scotia on Htunlay by German
siibinnrines it was reported yesterday
in nieasAges which were received from
The. American filiinir craft that are
known to have fallen victims Jft the
divers were the Hol Roy, Annie M.
Perry and Muriel. Their crews landed
in dories yesterday Ht'ter three days on
the open sea.
One of the Nuliimiri no commanders
houstcd to the American skippers that
from Boston to Gloucester on Friday
they had sunk other fishing craft but
he did nut give the niimlier nor tell the
names or say what was the fate of the
On Sunday the tanker O. B. Jennings
was destroyed by enemy divers when
about Kill miles off tlie V irginia' capes.
Thirty membors of her crew have been
landed hut the captain and thirteen
other members of the crew in another
small boat are missing.
w. a. .
'WASHINGTON, August 5 (Associ
ated Press) The I'. s. War Finance
I Corporation announced today that it
! would welcome bank applications for
! loans to cover advances by the banks
to farmers and merchants for harvest
ing and marketing wheat and other
The louns are to be made for four
months at six percent interest.
w. a. s.
WASHINGTON, August 5 (Assoc!
ated Press) The priorities division of
the war industries hniird announced
. today Hint it will list paper mills as
i 'essential industries provided the pa
pers economize. Newspapers must re
duce their consumption by fifteen per
cent of their dnily issue and twenty
of the Sunday issue.
w. a. s.
sociated Press) Orders were received
here today showing that the prohibi
tion of intoxicants or the establish
ment of "dry" .ones has been ex
tended to the vicinity ot merchant ma
rine traiiiinr,eaiups and quarters.
- LONDON, Aagutt (AMOcUtd Trmt) "Bold furt" U thm kr
twU Mmn4d by Premier Dm rid Lloyd (Morn la tfc mtmigt wlilch k
en to Ui Brltiah pabUe ftad which ni tmi In chnrcbM, t tburt and
bft ail jmbUo UMmttltin ot tha kaaiwcwr of Oru BrlUla't ontrr
in m af Unst tfco Oonaas (ovoramwit. Ho warned tbt cu aa wall
m vtoUnco nuat bo oxpoctod and hinted Uat ovorturea of peace accept
co of which would be Incompatible with' the purposes for which the tons
of the Brltiah empire had laid down their Uvea ud offered their aU
night bo oxpoctod. , ,
J la part the meauce of the premier said: "The enemr'i dream of
ronqnert will never be rnlflUed bat it moot bo kept in mind that the bat
tle la not yet won. The great autocracy of Prnaala will itlll endeavor,
by violence and by guile to avoid defeat and to give to ita militarlam
a new lease of life. , , . , .
-V "We cannot ear ape for oomolvoa the h errors of war hr Urine them
p for onr children, ' ho continued
maiore peaoo ononngs. ."we BM teO tbia throngh untu a lasting set
tlement haa been achieved .a
"Hold fast."
kflHog Island Ship Launching
lvxarKs dpocn in niszory
' WASHINGTON, August (Offlolal) Io America 'h r proKram against
tlid Oermaa government another milestone baa been reaWuM anl pssncl ia the
laOachlng of a 7500 deadweight ton cargo carrying veiwl, the (juistronck, at
Tito Hog island Yard.- . Mm. Wilson christened the new -msel, the President
waa in attendance for the ceremonies and a great crowd of more than 50,000
lieraon gave the steamer a great ovation as she slid from the ways into her
natural element. Tble la the first of 180 vessels that ye to be built and
launched at this pew government shiprard, the largest in the world.
Chairman Barley of the shipping board, speaking at the launching, said:
"This ii the beginning of aa epoch 'ia the natioa'a history. It msrks the be
ginning of quantity production in all of the Yards Of the United States. '
. . . ' OZAMA1TT rOBXiCD Vt
"It la doubtful if any nation ever would have undertaken a ship building
program on sack a magujflrent scale .If Germany had not plunged the world
into war. We are u it and we are going through with it. We are producing
more tonnage today than the submarines are ainking and from this time for
ward our task will be to replace the tonnage that haa been lost through Praa
sino ruthleaspese.. ' ; ' ',"
"The vast scope of this program la duo to the vision of President 'Wilson.
Wo are going, "through with that shipbhiMing program to a finish aad wa are
going through with the war to a finish, Cvea then, when the war shall have
ended with oor victory the program of Ameriaa moat go on. It will take five
years to complete the program: and place at the service of mankind a merchant
feet that will make peace enduring .by bringing cloeer the nations of the world
as the Eastern, Western, Northern and Bouthera States were brought closer by
our nationwide system of railroads.1 ' .
"The end of the war will find the United States master of a procOsa for
quantity production of ship. wllr
build ships for the world.'
Through the efforts of nor shlnvard
and through their eentinaooo work aa
overwhelm the carefully topstfneted military machine wUh-euush
-4 twHiirb 4 - mate ae. wow ,
France Is Seflding $
War Mission to Its
Allies In Australia
WAHHINOTON, Aoeust (Offi
cial) Franee'e special war mission
to Australia, en route to the anti
podes, with. Albert Idetin, a. mem
ber of the ehkmbor of deputies and
former cabinet minister, at ita head
and with the famous General Pau
as chief of the military division,
has arrived here for a short otay
before taking train for a. Pacific
Port. . ' v
Arrangements have been made for
the members of the mission to meet
President Wilson and for their en
tertainment while in the nation's
w. s. a.
Totals So Far As Announced
Pass Fifteen Thousand
WASHINGTON, August 8 (Official)
Army and Marines casualties, so far as
they have as yet been reported to and
announced by the official sources of in
formation have been, aince the begin
ning of the war 13,196 of whloh 13,164
were of the army and 2032 wore of the
Marine Corps.
The army summary it at follows:
Killed in action, including 91 loat at
sea. L'.'i7.'!; died of wounds, 007; died of
disease, 1514; died of accidents and
other causes, 616; wounded in action,
7044; missing in action, including pris
oners, 710.
Marine Corps: Deaths, 734; wounds,
1220; in hands of enemy 5; missing, 73.
Totals announced during the week
ending August 4 were 1430.
The largest number of casualties an
nouneed in any tingle day were told in
the reports which were issued todsy.
These showed 459 killed in action, M0
died of wounds, 16 dead of other causes,
148 wounded and 3 missing.
Marines: Killed in action nine died
of wounds, one. ;
Officers killed in action include Lieut.
Col. J. M. Craig, Lieut. Oecyge Ander
son, Karle Billings, James Duncan,
Proctor Oilson, Glenn Hall, George Hy
ley, Cameurt Woods.
Of the Americans wounded at the
Marne, probably less than one-twentieth
will die, and more than four-fifths
will he returned to military service, ac
cording to the cheering estimates of
the chief of staff today, in a atatement
giveu to the public.
General March says that the major
ity of wounds will be so light and me
dical sud surgical science it to effeat
in warning against considering pre-
tnilld ahipa for ourselves and wo will
works a larre arm v la now Ls Frames
army is steadily growing larger and will
uh tiermanr'has
- -v - j m.
Bills Extending Age Limits Simul
taneously Introduced in
Both Houses
WASHINGTON, August 5 (Associ
ated Press) Legislation which will ex
tend the draft age to eighteen and
forty-Ave years from the present twen
ty one to thirty one age limits were
introduced simultaneously in house and
senate today. In both houses the meas
ure was referred to the committee
on military affairs and an early and
favorable report out la eipected.
Senator Chamberlain of the senate
committee on military affairt has given
assurance that passage of the amend
ment to the selective draft law will be
eidited and it is known that the
eitension of age meets the approval
of a majority of the members of the
General Crowder, provost marshal
general, haa suggested that, if the
measure can be passed and receives
the presidential signature in time, Sep
tember 5 may be selected as the day
for registration. He favored the pro
posed limits when the measure wat
suggested earlier in the aession but at
that time it met with opposition of
the war department increase in the
limits and if occasion required this
could be done at a later date.
AMSTERDAM, August 6 (Asso
ciatpil Press) What seem to have been
the last words of Nicholas Romanoff,
former Cur of Russia, as he faced a
firing squad voiced a pica for his fami
ly and a hope for the country he hail
formerly ruled.
"Spare my wife and my innocent,
unhappy children," the former Cr.ar of
all the Russiss besought the Bolsheviki
Then be added: "May my blood pre
serve Russia from ruin."
tive that tour-fifths will soon be able
to rejoin their commands, and only 14
percent will be discharged for disahil
ity. This statement is based on the
officially tested records of the Allied
It is apparent that the casualty lists
thst are now being reported cover the
losses which occurred about the middle
of IsHt month and yesterday 's list iiihv
be of the July IS German offeimive
when, it is understood, the Americana
In (If icd their heaviest losses.
Declares Purpose Is To Save :
.Russia From Teutons and Will :
Withdraw Forces When This Is ,
Achieved and Order Restored
German Influence Is Seeking To
Impede Progress of Czecho
slovak Forces In Expectation
of American-Japanese : Action .
TOKIO, August 5 (Special
to the Nippu Jiji)-Partial
mobilization of the Japanese
array was ordered this morning
by General Flaron Y. Uyehara, ' )
chief. of general staff of Japan.'
This is the first actual step taken
for .military activities by Japan
in Siberia. ' '; ; '
' Official declaration of Japan's
military activities in Siberia was
made public Friday evening when
an extra edition of the official
gazette was issued by the govern
ment. The declaration was sign
ed by aU members of cabinet. ' .
In 'this declaration it. was-'' an-;.',
nouneed that Jiipan has consent
ed wall of the proposals of the-;
United States for joint 'action' in
Siberia. v "Japan, is eady, , it .-was1"
juiumilll IdUIVUMUK IU nnu
the. Czecho-Siovak army in; a
struggle for independent Siberia,
free from any influence of Ger
The object of this expedition is,
it was emphatically asserted,' to
save Russia from becoming the
prey of Germany. Therefore the
territorial integrity of Russia is
to be fully respected by Japan,
Russia's sovereignty will npt'be
the least impaired and Japan will
never attempt to interfere with
Russia's internal policies. The
troops are to be withdrawn from
Siberia once the object of the ex
pedition is fulfilled.
In explaining the announce
ment. General Count Terauchi,
Japan's premier, stated that Japan
conforms with the extension of
the Czecho-Siovak activity and
their influence in Siberia.
"In case the situation in Sibe
ria remains continuously chaotic,"
he declared, "Japan will then re
consider and take new action at
the right time to remedy it."
In the face of impending military ac
tivities of Japan and the United BUtoa
in Hiberia, the German influence in the
vast Russian territory is making every
effort to head off the progress of the
Czecho Slovak army, to aasist which
ioint American-Japanese expedition hat
been proposed by the former and ae
cepted by the latter. The trans Sibe
rian railway ia destroyed at many
points and released German and Aus
trian prisonera of war are being quick
ly orgnnir.ed into an army to make aome
resistance. Besides these thing being
done, the Germans are desperately en
gaged in a radical movement looking
for an iuufiediate disruption of Russia
to make the situation in that country
more tangled and helpless.
General Uyehara 's resignation as the
rliief of general staff of the .Ispanese
army, which was presented a few days
ago, has been withdrawn at the in
stance of General l'riuce Yamagata,
one of the two remaining "genro or
elder statesmen. General Uyehara has
rei iinsidervd his action and decided to
remnin at the head of the general staff
to direct Japan's military activities in
tlie present crisis in rliheria.
WASHINGTON, August 6 Asso
ciated l'ress) American troopa partici
(Continued on Pago S Column 8.)

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