OCR Interpretation

The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 23, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-08-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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FRIDAY, AV'gJST 9 1918.
v - . r. ' , . .
H i sV '-0 1
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Conditions Militate gainst, full
Procfuclidb But msirnisrn
1$ Unwarranted
Real SeriouineM Remote and
Would Be Felt In Twp Years
Unless Relief Comes
With an actual shortage of labar anil
another actual shortage of nitrates
there prevails, naturally, ill the sugar
industry nmtn or lews pessimism an to
possible and probable crops for the
next three years. Actual figures to
form est i mil leu of those crops are mips
iug and there in always the hope of
chanson in condition. It must be ad
mitted that there in ample ground for
some pessimism a od" there ate good rea
sons to believe that the next erop will
be even imaUer than thin while the
3 520 crop ia likely to be still smaller
unless conditions are speedily bettered.
Drought, last year, destroyed or reard
ej the growth of much young eane and
required a considerable amount of new
planting which had to be done months
after the usual planting time. This
would militate for a smaller crop. To
some extent this has been obviated by
good rains, those for the past four
American Factors Trustees Are
Working Out Satisfactory
AlrOtrrient Plans
No plana, other than tentative have
ben worked out by the trustees of
American Fatcorn, Limited, for the al
lotment of the certificates of the com
pany, owing to the heavy oversubscrip
tion of stock which runs more than
twenty perccut. Various plans have
been proposed and the trustees expect
to have one worked out that will sat
isfy daring the present week.
It in not yet certain how much of the
American Factors, Limited, will be
paid in Liberty Bonds. While the blank
provided u mutre for a statement on
this point there were many applica- J
tions in which the blank was not filled
in. and there is a possibility that in
some iutii" this was inadvertant
and that lien time fur payment comes
some further Liberty Bonds than those
mentioned in applications will be of
fered. As eighty percent may be paid
in bonds there is Htill ample lee way for
such inadvertnnt omissions.
Indications now ure that the Amer
ican Factors will lie running along
smoothly nud in full operation with the
iirst or the month ami the expectation
further is that Octolier will see the
payment of its first dividend.
Asserting that he had given up a title
and a fortune to escape from Prussian
ism and that he did not want to be
know throughout the rxt of his life us
of German descent, Freiherr von Wag
eusteiu, known in Honolulu as Fran.
Schmidt, has requested the authority of
flovernor McCarthy to be known hence
forth as Frank Smith.
Hehiiudt has been in Honolulu for
the past two years and a half and until
recently was the manager of tbo White
Heal laundry.
In petitioning to have his name
changed to (Smith, he made an aSidavit
that he escaped from (ierinanv twenty
two years ngo after he deserted from
the tinny in which he held a coiiunis
sion as a lieutenant. He said he fled
from fierinany because of wounding an
other lieutenant in a duel. His an
tagynift, who roe to the grade of a
major general, was killed in the present
Hchuii'lt will be grauted his request
bv the Governor, it is said, after he
mipplies letters from reputable Honolu
lu residents testifying he is what he
NvH he i. He says he is a native of
A 1mm ee.
M 1 1. 1 I L ........ I.,. tl.ul I
CM IIIIIHII MUn mill IV i, ' i , "
name since he assumed it, and the pa
pers of a Basite trader by which he
was able to escape over the border into
Switzerland, following his duel with
the other German lieutenant.
w. s. s. -
The , n.ncs and Americans ill make
a wotlilerful lighting combination, in
the opinion of K. .1. Hancock, a Mel
.bourne business man. now isitiug in
Honolulu, who vill soon be on his way
';?,';. ""';.V ' i ,'
i.S '." -t" . :.'."
: I . -' L-i -
months 'haying been from fifty to three
hundred percent above the normal.
The early cultivation of that crop
has not been affected by labor shortage
though it is now feeling this and will
continue te until it is harvested next
winter and summer. Neither has that
crop, been in any important way affect
ed by the shortage of nitrates. It may
show some loss for lark of fertilizer
later, however. Hence there will not
be, judging from present indications,
an alarming falling off in the ISU'J
crop. A lack of information on what
labor-can be honed for is sure to make
i difficult for the. plantation managers
to maVe preflminaty estimates this year,
and. it Is to be expected that extreme
conservatism will be shown in the first
estimates, issued around December.
Failing off Sure
It is the lftL'O crop that will show the
first really important effects of the
nitrate shortage F.ven this may not
be so serious as has lcen feared al
though the situation is discouraging.
Most of tie plantations had something
of a supply of the fertilizer on hand,
it is learned, and this ttiev have used.
From now on it will be different. Kleven
hundred tons came in for th" Hawaiian
Fertilizer Company the first of the
week but when more will come that
company doe not K
now and Norman
Watkins. manager of the company, fours
that the embargo that ;is put on for
two month nun
so as to meet tin
needs for li ter I
be the cn-c. the
now on. have ti
lie eteiled for six
govi i iino'iit 's urgent
r munitions. If this
I o jn c i 'op will, f nun
do "itliuut further
Nitrate Shortage
It is oiiinatcd that Cse use of ni
trates in Milan1 it of ."il ll l tons a
month ini-M-anes 111. Ihiwaiirlll vield
about one thud. Th
cane has not had thi
will have less for Un
ear the young
. full ainoiint and
next few months,
it is fen red.
crop miiv la
If sikIi be the case the
expected to show some
losses in growth which cannot be st 1
Ululated as uiyial.
How far the labor shortage has af
feeted the acreage planted, it is not
possible at this time to kiv. Il is un
derslnod that some plantations have
cut down on acreage but that this has
not been general. There may. then,
have been almost iis large an acreage
as usual planted but the reduction
that has been nnide will make some
difference in crop total. From now on
the labor shortage will affect the crop,
preventing proper weeding and culti
vation. Thus the l'JL'O crop may lack
adequate fertilization and will lack
sufficient labor for its proper cultiva
tion and innv be expected, consequent
ly, to fall behind the I!1! crop, how
far behind the supply of labor secured
must largely determine. Talk of a
crop only half as large of that of this
year is considered among sugar men us
far too pessimistic.
Looking Far Ahead
There is ccrv reason to hope that
relief for the labor situation and the
nitrate situation will hate been secured
before next spring and summer when
tho new crop is to be planted. Tim re
is where the real seriousness of the
situation would reach a climax. With
out labor ami without fertilizer a great
ly reduced acreage would be planted
ami onlv half a crop could be counted
upon. Hut the lapse of six or eight
months miiv completely change the coll
ditinns and. in this hope, the planters
are wailing and watching.
The needs of the Islands are known
in Washington. When nitrates can be
spare. I, Haw nil will get them and
ship shortage has been so teli
the fertilizer companies Ion!
ed that
for no
Jrnnble in securing carriers.
The government is nlo informed
will be still better informed on the
need of labor and the planters are
hoping for relief from that quarter.
W. s. s.
Malcolm Mai Intyro h:i
pointed a-istnul uwniai
Fouth l.ibeily Loan Ini
for licit month.
been ap
of the
-i heduled
MILL OF THE OAHU SUGAR tOMANY AT WAltAHU Oahu Sugar Company is now
the second largest producer of the Islands and is the largest company for which Ameri
can Factors, Limited, has the agency. The equipment for this mill as it is operating ioday was
installed last Autumn and early Winter and this is its first season of operation in its present capa
city which will not be put to the limit during the present season. Hawaiian Commercial and Su
gar Company is the largest producer in the Islands and its estimate for this year's crop was 54,000
tons. It has 32,167 acres of land" arid this year's crop is from 6646 acres. Oahif Sugar Company's
estimate is 42,500 tons, its area is 11,846 acres an.l its acreage for this year's crop is 6048 acres. With
its Waiahole tunnel project supply ample water for irrigation con
!, ft
Mills in Havana province:
La Julia
Mills in Matan.as province:
j Mercedes
Dun lgnaeio . . .
fUuta Uertrudis
hided ad
Mills in Santa Clara pro ii :
Maria Victoria
l'erse crane ia
Mills in Caniaguev province:
Slew art
M oron .
To; a I
( lau l total: Kstiinated production, .1,810,000 bags. Final outturn, :i,H07,87l bag
Rainfall Is Ample Where
Cane Last Year Was Killed
line year ago Hawaii was sufyiug seriously from drought and the dry
Mpell h.nl hit Maui, occasioning a grVat amount of damage to this year's crop
if both Islands, with a consequent crop reduction for the Islands of thou
muds u thousands of tons. This year the weather conditions are in diie. i
coiitia-t and rainfalls fur the past lour months are far in excess of the not
inal. in some instances three times as great. Not only ia the rainfall abu.e
hernial on those islands but on all of the Islands of. the group.
At K ihukii, lor instance it is two and a half times normal, Waimaiialo
hl'tv percent over, Kwn about three hundred percent and Wamlua nearly
Hut the figures are most interesting where -the drought prevailed lust year
end the rainfall in those districts, North Kohala, North llilo and Hainakua, on
the Hig Island and al all Maui stations, and are given to show the rainfall
in null s this tear from April to .lulv and the normal for those months of
the car in I lie loiiowin
Stat ions.
Island of Hawaii
I'unkcn K Ii (K)
Kohala Mill (H)
Kohala Mission (!l)
Niulii iM
llonokaa (7)
I'aauhau 7)
Ookala (i
Laupahoehoe (S)
lloiiohiiia (7 )
Island of Maul
Kaauapali ( -)
Win Ink a S)
Haiku Kxp. Station (S)
Kailua (11)
I i.'ii.'i all the voung
last wick whs repoited as such
In oidcr to meet an emergency situa
tion ami supply to the sugar industry
assistants for the laboratories, the Col
leg, of Hawaii has determined to in
stitute an emergency chemistry course,
sepnmte tin in its ordinary course and
covering only six weeks. Preference
in admissions to the course will be giv
en, to il.ose i ecomuiended by plantation
ma nagers, t lie know i ng whom they may
best ii-. In Hiieh capacities. This course
will I i.lucted by Prof Herbert H.
Wnlkei, eminently fitted for the work
In han I, and will commence (September
;. I si, al enhance requirements are
wuivi I in this instance.
tinued , expansion by Oahu Sugar Company may be expected. The
Oahu' Mill is one of the most modern in equipment of any in the Isl
ands yid4tnajr well act as a model for other large mills. The new
machinery, hag worked perfectly during the grinding season which
is drawing' io a close and the visitors tO Waipahu are enthusiastic
on their return from the biggest sugar factory on this island.
in bags
in bags
111 1,000
. 1,050,000
40(i,2::7 4 2.fi
. . . 1,430,000
1,17:1,2.10 1.X'
from the weather bureau:
, . i i -in m -ii i iii't-i'i - 'ii i Tn ni Mirilii i - n i n nr t- f4
Total Nor inn I
Districts. last 4 last I
mouths mouths
North Kohala .U.OS 17. Hi
North Kohala 4!I.1J
North Kohala : ' '7
North Kohala -UUU -JO.ns
llamakua 71!. oil LM.tHi
Hainakua .4I -'o. 10
North llilo 101.10 :ilUio
North llilo 104.17 17. Io
North llilo H0.77 4 4.011
l.ahaiua .! 4.L'0
Wailuku l"i..'iii - -1
Makawao 4:i.:il
Makawno 04.:U 4s.4."i
cane has been or is being planted aud the wenthei
Hteps are being taken to turn to ac
count the vast quantity of molasses un
niiHlly run to waste in Oiucnsluiul.
operations are iu progress for the elec
tion of a plant on the Brisbane Kiver
for the manufacture from molasses of
an acetate of lime which will ultimate
ly be 1'tiliz.ed for certain purposes; it
may eventually involve the use of a
verv large quantify of molasses, which
is to be collected in storage tanks at
the port of shipment in tho north ami
VtHlUportBil ia. i sicaiucis m Uria
hs ne. Tho enterprise is understood to
be in the hands of the Comiipm w ealt Ii
authorities. North Queensland Hegis
w. 1. 1.
Pioneer Plantation on Maui has com
pleted its grind with 2H,:tK0 tons mi! I
above the estimate. Because of Inst
of Inst
vear 'a drought, production was l-'OO
tons less.
Figures Compiled By Labor Bu
reau For Somewhat Different
Period Show Little Change
F.stirrwitcs on the crop huv just
been completed by the labor bureau of
the Planters' Association. This esti
mate runs for a somewhat different
period than the sugar year as reckoned
by the Sugar Factors Company and,
as is natural, consequently differs some
what, about 1.1,000 tons.
The new estimate runs from October
1 to September 10 while the Sugur
Factors estimate is from December 1 to
November .10. The labor bureau esti
mate is for 571, '.12 while the latest
Sugar Factors estimate is about 5'iO,
HOO tons and the indications are that
the figures of the latter will be found
In be practically verified when the filial
totals are all in and will be within two
or th ice thousand tons of such final
figures, about as close a degree of ac
curacy as can well be expected. This
latter est i mate shows a iliArease from
last year's crop of practicaly 85,000
This decrease in dollars and cents
menus a loss to the sugar industry of
about ten and a quarter million dol
bus. That is a direct loss in receipts '
and does nut by any means indicate
the loss in net eaining lis com-
( pare I
: mater
with I;
t vear when costs were
mailer than this year and
, t lie W III taxes I
I Most of t'lO
ly attributed I
I bv the d ght
ot so large.
ileciease can be direct
i the losses occasioned
in Haw aii and on Maui,
the sei iousne.-s of which was probably
not generally recognized, except ill
sugar ciicles, until the crisis had pass
e l. Fin t uiiately the good rains that
I. Mowed the dioiight and especially
(hose that have occurred within the
past four uionlhs have had the effect
of miligatiig the losses that were be
lieved to ii or been occasioned to the
ll'M crop. Hut much of that crop had
Io be iiiin'ed and this will have to
be i.i .in :i,tn eoiisidoriit ion iu figuring
on costs for the next crop.
w. s. s.
No Advices Yet Received From
Committee One Cent In
crease Indicated
No advices, mall or cable, have at yet
been received from the Planters' coin
inittee which went to the mainland tn
take up willi the food administration
and the sugar committees the matter of
costs of production and juices for the
next sugar crop. The mutter has been
taken up by t'ubuii and Louisiana
planters but the questions relative to
Hawaii and Porto Uico had not been
argued nccni ding tn last advices from
the mainland. The same advices said
tat the pi olmliility was that the in
crease in price would be about u cent
fui n !. Hawaii is especially iu
teres!, .
this since an eighth
ot the sugar .Vinerica uses comes
fiom the Islands. It Is inter-o.-ting
to note that beet sugar is about
a M'v. nth aud l.oiii.Mana sugar is only
one t w cot le! h.
The wholesale prices of refined Hllg
iii New Yolk on May 1 was if7..'!0 a
Ii ii ii 1 1 1' I ',i in.is. in unreal ii wns
s 10. in I niiilon iMl' i.n, in Paris
it-l:' ;!!! and iu Home $2ii.:'.0. .Vn increase
ol a cent a pound would aiitomatu ally
iuisc the pi i. c iii Canada as well as the
M uited tates but need have no eiiict
Soldiers Will Not
Return To
Fields After War
Objection To Oriental Labor As
Competing , With Discharged
Soldiers Not Well Founded!
Situation Critical
Among men prominent In the sugr
industry, at least among some of them,
there ia a change in ton relative to,
the bringing in of Chinese labor. 'While
a few mouths since they would five the
proposal little consideration the calling
of the guard and the calling of the
ilrnft has brought about condition
which have made them change their
Most sugar men lavor, or at least aav
they do, the rpntinuanee ot the use of
il,M,.o labor and th.de.bred attitude
of the Plontpra' labor bureau i n against r
l..,uK.r..ls.,. ri
l.f ting of imnugr.tion laws That
,.omy wouiu leave in. own-1
lent on Filipino and Porto Rican labor
tl mi Ki imnn fttiH Pnrut Hiran luhrtr
and, admittedly, there is no traustior
tntion for these available unless the
government can be prevailed upon io
furnish it. More and more now, the
seriousness of the labor shortage being
recognized, attention turns to the se
curing of Oriental labor for which there
nre two plans.
Japanese Plan
One plan, suggested by the Japanese
papers, is to "lift the gentlemen's
agreement" sufficiently to permit the
return of Japanese laborers who have
been here, returned home and remained
there too long to now come back to Ha
waii tinder the "gentlemen's agree
ment." It is claimed they would be
brought here without the expense, of
transportation falling on the sugar in
dustry and that Japanese steamers are
ready to transport such labor. That sug
gestion has won some friends. It is
claimed there are 8000 of these and
some sugur men are outspoken in wel
coming the plan, the idea being get the
labor from whatever source is possible.
Hawaii needs labor and if these men
can be secured in that way, the offer
should be accepted if it can be, these
men say. There are others, however
who ajc not inclined to welcome Jap
anese, labor, apparently fearing labor
agitation which - baa boen unlikely
among Filipinos.
Chinese Plan
The other plan is to secure Chinese
labor, through law amendments or un
der the Overman Act. There are a
number of plantation men who person
ally favor this proposal. In the past
few months the sentiment for this plan
has grown enormously and it is not
open to the sumo objections as is the
.1." panose plan.
Heferring to criticism of the plan to
bring in Oriental labor, that it woul.l
pauperize labor and the Dion who have
i been called into the army could not
compete with it when they return to
civilian life a well known sugar man
said yesterday:
I "Is it supposed for a moment that
tin, Vt I i t .'. fiml .lmisiiniui lu 1 kftrni-M tvlwi
I have gone into the army, are gettiiu;
.10 a month, their food and their elotf
go back to plantation work
when the war is overt
"It seems to me hardly likely they
would. They gladly left the plantations
for th1 service and thev will seek other
wink when the war ends.
11 Ii v cry w here on the mainland iinmi
gi.it ion has been looked to for tho sup
ply of unskilled labor, ditch diggers aud
similar workers. Ho here we have had
I" leok to immigration for the u link ill
e.i plantation labor. Our experience
h ; s been similar to main fund experience
u t h unskilled labor, that the workers
will i ise above it
Ho it was with tho
h nese and so it has been and is grow
ing more to be all tho time with the
.liipeue e. The Portuguese wanted and
want . his own laud.
" l ii'lci' the circumstances, since the
labor obtainable after the war at home
and on the mainland will be unwilling
work lor what Um sugar plantations
are able to pay, it seems to ine there is j of the shipping board tor the move
no objection to tho bringing in of the nient of Hawaiian sugar were stiinu
requisite number of Orientals. It is Jated by the shortagu that now pre
not a case of competition but a case of vaijs on the mainland,
get labor or let the industry fail. You I Supply Is Timely
.a, ,, get iiuiiii iron. , ""
and the situation will ho no better when
our army is mustered out.
"We have something of a jmtriotic
duty to perforin iu raisiug sugar and
we cannot fulfill that duty without
labor. I um nut particular where it
conies from but I feel we ought to se
cure it."
It is admittedly difficult to secure
legislation for the adinismon of Ori
entals and the committee that is work
ing out plans will find strong opposi
tion from the mainland, this being the
opinion of oMicials and legislators at
Meantime the industry faces steadily
reducing crops and is unable to heed the
President 's cull to keep up produc
t ion.
No advices on tho labor situation
have been received from the Planters'
en in in 1 1 1 i'o since it left the Islands,
on lhe olhcr Allies and would still leavo
the prices considerably under those
prevailing iu London, Paris and Rome.
The sugur coinmitteu of the food ad
ministration has succeeded perfectly
iu stabilizing prices but is now cou
f routed with the necessity of keeping
production up to the maximum and iu
this directiuu it has us yot done littlu.
lbeie lias liccn objection to raising the
retail price but Chairman Rolph of the
sugar committee lias nil in it tea niut
steps to keep up production are now
needed and has indieuted for months
j past that a raise in wholesale and re
: tail prices, following an increase ill the
puces tor raw, was lUL'Viluuie.
Cfcpartues Jbls tybnth Give a
Ration, For Half of , the
feople' of Mainland
Dipping board -flisES
Indication Is That Next Season
Supply Will Not Have To
Lie In Storehouses
whi,B . ft,(0ut 230o lonH ot r
bave eft Wojne,(,ay
f ,aHt m hM,not altered the
, t, tBat the present ni0th wi
easilv and far exceed any. previous
Jn r kn, lhe llip
R kv. .,.,. . .evcr.a f the
r. . . r m
Hhipinnir Bituatioii for iiikthu ni a
shortage of bottom they have had a
superabundance, Sei-eptly there were
three vessels loading sugar at this point
all at one point and there was at least
one vessel ia every sugar port in the
It was estimated early thif weok at
the Sugar Factors Company that the
shipments for the month would cer
tainly exceed 77,000 tons and might ex
ceed 85,000. This takes away a large
mount of the sugar on hand awaiting
shipment, in fact at some ports the
sugar is said to have been cleared up.
It Is indicated that there will be an
abundance of bottoms next month as
well is this so that October may see
practically everything but the late
grind on its way to the refineries,
rind Ii Late
While about ninety percent of the
grind has now been completed the in
dications, coming from various plants
tions in the way of' reports, is that
some of the plantations will be very late
in finishing production for tho year, and
that most of them are somewhat behind.
The reasons for this have been the fact
that ships were so scarce there seemed
to lie no reason for hurrying the grind.
A more recent reason, and nno that atill
prevails, is the scarcity of labor.
Inquiry at the various agencies in
dicate that the last of the grind will
he late and the same information was
gathered by the Planters' labor bu
reau, that the grind will go into Sep
Inmlui, (.! I I.. T f l lltF TOT n urVHT nillll-'
ber than usual of the plantations, even .
. V ' ' ' - ' ' . " ' - - - '
for .0nie of the Maui companies whichX
1 arc usually among the first to end.
Advices to the Hugar Factors company
indicate that some mills may be run
1 tnu juto November.
i - Cr0
T r
One of the encouraging features of
the sudden relief for the shipping prob
lcm is the probability that there will be
no repetition another ynar of the con
ditions that nrevalle-t this year up to
the present month. The shipping board.
I handicapped tremendously carried out
I the best program it was able for the
I nrHt v monins or ine year ,.e las
speeding up. Indications are that for
the next crop there will be available a
constant stream of ships that will move
away sugur practically as fust as it is
able to go.
This year has seen the speeding up of
building- of storage capacity and the
storeroom has been taxed practically to
the limit but has met nerds so that
there has been no waste of sugar. Tim
delay in shipments has merely meant a
delay in getting returns. This has uu-
i set bookeeping methods but has re-
suljed in no serious losses or waste, i no
companies adjusted their dividend plans
accordingly and have waited patiently
for the shipping board to 'accomplish
just what it has brought about. On all
sides the ship building program and the
work of the shipping board is being
commended. Without doubt the plans
Wlmt Ul0 IlloVeinent means is better
a i : i . :.. . mi.;..
j iiuivii in jiomoja tun., in i"rn. -m'
moms ror August win ue somewnere
between 150,000,000 and 175,000,0110
which will furnish a mouth's throe
pound sugar ration, for from 50,000,000
to HO,000,IHKI people, for say half of the
entire population of tho mainland Unit
ed (States.
On the first of the month there re
mained to he moved about 12!!, 0OO tons
aud movements this month will take all
but 40,000 of this at the lowest con
seryative figures. It is likely the grind
for the month may rva. h between XV
000 and 40,000 tous which would make
available for shipment in Heptember
about the same amount as August and
if this be moved, as is expected, Ha
waiiau shipments in two mouths will
have been a one month ration for every
man, woman and child in the United
Thus for the mainland, coining in the
midst of a period of careful conserva
tion, the Hawaiian stin k is most oppor
tune and will go further than had it
moved with the regularity of past
w. I. ft.
Thn weekly bulletin of tin) Food Ad-
ministration brings information on the
mutter of sugar substitutes for drugs.
iiic r.uglisli people huve published a
resume of Pill preparations in which
j sugar is used or then glycerine and thn
- formulas have been aproved bv medical
and iiutional authorities and huve ba
I come standards.

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