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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 27, 1918, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-08-27/ed-1/seq-3/

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(lormali losses in prisoners alone in the present drive liuinher more tlin ti
, AuHtro-Huiignrinn reinforcements have lwen sent to at least two sectors of
the Western front.
British forces advance alxut two miles on both sides of the Komme. '
Victories of , yesterday are the forerunner of the taking of Hapanme and pa
trols have already entered its outskirts.
Along the Aisiie and Ailette the (Jermans have launched strong counters in
nn effort to check the French advance which proceeding further, will threaten
the (Jerinan lines at Chemin den Dames.
On some points of the northern front the British have reached points within
a thousand yards of the old Hindenburg line.
Forty-two German divisions have been employed in the engagement.
"VT EW YOHK. August 2(
man divisions have been very
40,000, including several hundred officers, and since August 21 they have lost to the Third and Fourth
I'.ritish armies 17,000. So critical is the situation of the enemy that he has been forced to call upon
Austria for aid and has received Austrian reinforcements as has been conclusively proved by their
capture as prisoners on both the Ailette and the W'oevre sectors. The advance ot the French has
alarmed the enemy into. heavy counters for it threatens to flank the German positions along the (.'hem
in des IXamcs heights upon which they have been preparing to make a stand.
A week of continuous Allied successes closed gloriously on Sat
urday when the I'ritish stormed fifteen important enemy strong
holds and put iiapanme virtually at their mercy through the capture
of the Ancre valley railway.
Notwithstanding strong German reinforcements on both wings
and attempts to launch counters at several points the Teutons were
everywhere beaten ofT and the Allies continued their victorious prog
ress all along the line from Arras to the Somme. The Germans are
being steadily driven back to the old Hindenburg line and at a num
ber of points the I'.ritish forces are within a thousand yards of the
position as then occupied.
Around I'.apaume the enemy is' keeping up its strongest efforts
against the I'.ritish. advance but the capture of Le Sars and Lebarque,
the latter two and a half miles southwest of Iiapanme and the former
further west, are the certain forerunner of the fall of I'.apaume. Three
mUes southwest of I'.apaume the VVarlencourt and Aucourt on the
ll.ipaunie-Albert road were taken. Patrols reported that they had
entered the outskirts of the city and that further north the British
advance and encircling movement had progressed until its outposts
had reached almost to Iiulleconrt, seven miles northeast of the
threatened salient.
Along both sides of the Somme the lorces of General llaig over
came strong resistance and on the north side of the river his forces
reached the outskirts of Suzanne, two miles east of Dray while On
the south side of the river they had reached Cappy, almost the same
distance from l'.ray. These points on the south and Le Sars and
I.cbarqtie on the north, form the mouth ol a pocket extending to
ward Albert in which the I'.ritish hold large forces of the enemy and
threaten their capture. Pushing against this salient from the west
the llritish have taken heights and woods to the east of Albert and
have advanced as far as Constalmaison three and a half miles north
east of Albert and are bringing up artillery which will make the po
sitions of the enemy to the east and within the pocket untenable. The
advance along the Somme constitute important gains in the direc
tion of Peronne.
In the course of these advances the I'ritish took numbers of
prisoners, among whom were an officer and four enlisted men of the
Austrian artillery.
It is on the northern front that the I'.ritish have approached as
close to the old von Hindenburg line as a thousand yards. This line
seems to be strongly held.
llesides crossing the Albert Ilapaume road at several points they
progressed southward a' considerable distance with Cavalry forces
operating in advance of the infantry.
I'.etween the ( )ise and the Ailette the Germans, heavily rein
forced, countered heavily and desperately. Their eudavor is to hold
hack ;it any cost the adv ance of General Mangin which is threatening
to outflank the line on the heights of Chemin des Dames from the
west and northwest, and menaces the entire front to the north and
south of the sector upon which he Is advancing.
, Fast of P.agneux, between the Ailette and the Aisne, and against
this strengthened resistance, the French continued their advance.
West of t'recy an Mont they repulsed a strong counter and took -MX)
prisoners among whom were a number of Austrians who admitted,
upon being questioned, that they had been members of Austrian
units brought in to reinforce the desperate Germans. These and
other prisoners told of their orders to hold back the French in the
face of any odds and at all hazzards.
Other Austrians are reported to have been captured in the
W'oevre sector where parts of th line are held by American forces.
DrJ.Ccllis Brcwnels
Acts Ilk a Charm In
ths onl Specific In
toavl-irlns Nodical TasUronjr seeouusalM SMb Soul
M in llri let lit all Chm.it' is. I Syts ManufaOlurer.
1'iio.t u -..a.n.1. II , 24, 18.
-( Associated Press)-
-In the present drive
considerable for
in prisoners
Clieski and arrests
) The Best Ismedjr known for
I J. T. Dtiniwt, Ltd., London, S B.
the losses to the forty two (icr-
alone they have lost more than
Military Action IS Taken TO EX-
pell Germans and Suppress
Hun Made Treaty
ciated Press) Archnngel reports re
cei.ed by the state deportment say
that the representatives of the Allied
governments have issued a statement
in which they jointly and officially
deny the recent statements that were
made by I.enine and Trot shy that Great
Britnin, France and the t inted States
are enemies of Buania.
In this statement and deninl they
announced that the AJDied military
action is aimed to bring about the ex
pulsion of the Germans from Russian
territory ami for the suppression by I
force of arms, as has become necrs
saray of the Brest I.itovak treaty. I
Professor T. Masaryk, president of
the nation council of O.eeho (Slovaks
says that it has been proved beyond '
the possibility of doubt that Germans i
and Magyars are aiding the Bolshe I
viki in the resistance of the latter to
the Cr.eeho Slovak forces in Siberia. 1
He says that Tchitcherin 'b statement
in denial may be taken as an offer to
open negotiations with the Czech.'!
Slovaks and indicates tlyt the Soviets
government recognize that its "dis
loyul and treacherous offensive is lost."
w. a. a.
Obtain Admirable View of War
Front and Are Impressed
WASHINGTON, August 25 (Offi
cial) Members of the American Social
ist mission which is in Italy for the
purpose of confering with the Italian
Socialist party huve visited the Italian
front, it is reported in press despat
ches from Koine. They witnessed a
lively artillery engagement and obtain
ed an admirable view of the fighting
front at Mont Solder.
The Americans expressed their nd
miration at the calm spirit displayed
by the population of Hassane which
is under the enemy's fire. They also
visited Lake Gardnbosiua and Monte
After they had inspected the Ameri
can troops in Italy they said they
found the Sammies were men of splen
did physique, their morale was high,
they were making thorough prepara
tions for active service and look for
ward with entbusiusm to their cam
paign w. g. a,
As the result f an investigation
into affairs of the county government
of the Island of Hawaii for the past
ten or twelve days by Keputy Attor
ney General Joseph l.ightfoot, a grand
jury in Hilo is eipected to make a
report today that will contain some
startling revelations.
News reached here Saturday that all
Hilo was eicited over the investlga
tion by the grand jury, because of the
charucter of the witnesses called and
the information leaking out that it
was county affairs which were under
investigation. It was reported that
the grand jury is expected to make u
report today.
Assistant Attorney General Harry
Irwin, who made an initial investign
tion, which resulted in Attorney Light
foot being sent to Hilo, said last night
that the grand jury probe was "a gen
eral one of Hawaii county affairs."
He would give no other information
regarding the grand jury investigation.
Government Announces Suspen
sion of Publication of Bulletin
on Disturbances
TOKIO, August 25 (Special to Nip
pi) ,H.jl) A marsed improvement in
the rice situation was noticed bero yet
terdny when the department of inter
ior, through Minister K. Mir,uno, made
the announcement that the government
will hereafter discontinue the publica
tion of the official bulletin regarding
rice disturbances.
The official bulletin wan issued daily
by the interior department to give to
the public accurate account of the
riots aince moat nf the newspapers were
iui I to be exaggerating the reports.
Thi discontinuance of this official bul
letin meana, declared Minister MUuno,
that the situation is 'now greatly im
proved. Yeaterdiy fio fresh outbreak of rice
riots was reported from any part of the
' W. S. t.
WAWHIVOTON. Auguat 2d (Asso
ciated Press) 'Berlin papers, according
to advicea received here, regard the sit
uation that baa grown up between
Spain and Germany out of the notea
relative to proposed taking of German
iuterued ahipl in compensation for sub
marine loaaes inflicted on Spanish ship
ping, aa critical in the extreme.
These papera are quoted as declar
ing that the Hpanish note is unfriend
ly and that Germany cannot conaent
to such action att hough. willing to
compensate for loaaea after the war has
iuian vtpf nrlmialv nito,l TIia ninAM
gre that Groany cannot abandon its
siomarine campaign nor modify it ts
suit the desires of Spain and an open
rupture can be avoided only with the
geatest difficulty.
9. .
Sao Francisco To
Get Steamship
Line To the Orient
The Mitsubishi Goshi Kaishn, one of
the largost steamship lines operating
between C bina and Japan, has decided
tu install a float of freighters between
I the Orient and Han Francisco in the
near future, says the Chronicle of Aug
ust ID. This was nnnounced yesterday
by Whiiiichi Ito, special representative
of the company, who arrived here re-
I Ito came to Han Francisco to investi
gate the dock and cargo facilities of
this port and is now conferring with
the Harbor Commissioners regarding
the facilities that will be required by
his company.
The Mitsubishi Goshi Kaisha, nl
though confining its own fleet to the
short runs along the coast of Japan
and China, has sent numerous cargoes
across the Pacific during the last few
years in chartered vessels. Recently
its business of this kind has greatly
May Be New Industry For Ha
waii A new scientific process to turn a
certain seaweed, which is found in
abundance in the Hawaiian waters,
into a "sponge" of the finest variety,
hns been invented by S. Sheba, for
uierly of Honolulu, but now a resident
of Tokio.
Mr. Sheba says that bis Invention is
strictly scientific, but refuses to dis
close the nature of the process by
ivhieh he claims that "sponges" can
be mnde from sefSteds.
He is now preparing to enter into
the sponge business on a large scule.
lie believes that not only the exportn
tion into Hawaii of sponges from the
inninlnnd could be stopped by his new
invention, but a big surplus of his
manufactured sponges might be sent
to the mainland markets.
.. w. a. .
Its no wonder that George Cleinen
ceau, premier of France, and one of
th most remarkable political person
ages of the Hepublie, has an adonis
tion for the Americans. He is able
to speak io them in their own Ian
gunge, and then he kyows from experi
ence what kind of fighters they are.
Lour days after General Grant and
the Lnion army entered Richmond,
Virginia, in April, lHtlj, f'leineiueaii
visited the city and was the guest of
General Grant The grandsons of the
men he saw in Hiehmond carrying the
musket are the men carrying the Amor
ic-an rifle on tin- Lreiieh battlelines to
w a. a.
WASHINGTON, August 23 .((Mli
cial)- It is expected that the senate
will reach u vote tomorrow on the
Man Lower Hill, passed ty the lower
house, making all men between the
Hges of eighteen and forty-live avail
able fur immediate military service.
The senate is expected to pass the mens
ure with practically uo umeuduieut.
Murphy Keeps Tabs On All
Movements of Hun Divers
and Tells Where They Are
I. ON I )V, Antfust 2". - (Official -Ensign
T II. Murphy sits luring the day j
and lit nil hours well into the night in
his office, n little shnck nt the United
States naval air station. Generally he
is poring over a raised map across
wki. h nn stretched colored strings, at
tached to red headed pins stuck into
the nia' at various points, the locations
of seine of which he may from time to
time chnnge. It is his job to keep tabs
on evciv German submarine that is out
from its base. lie must know when
they require air and how badly any of
them that is attacked is injure! by
depth bombs. He e en knows when
they will come to fhe surface for the
skipper to smoke his cigar or pipe for
there is no smoking allowed within
the snl. marine and it must emerge and
permit the skipper and his officers to
smoke on deck. -
Ensign Murphy's knowledge has de
cided success or failure for many young
ensigns of the I'nited States naval re
serve flying forces at that station. An
instance of this is the . use of Ensign
E. .1. Si hieffelen, New York, a mem
ber of the IB!) class at Vale, who is
a direct descendant of John Jny of
Revnluntioiiary War fame.
Murphy Otves Tip
Ensign Hchieffelen was in Murphy's
office one morning when the latter
stuck a pin in the map in about the
middle of the North Sea as there repre
sented, exclaiming: ''They'll be need
ing a smoke right about there. They've
been utnler so many hours and are sail
ing such a course. In about three hours
they will emerge and the reason will bo
tobacco. Search tins area and you'll
fin. I a sub marine about that time.
SchiefTelen, First Pilot l.ieut. Roger
W. Cutler, stroke of the Harvard crew
in liU7, Bernstein, a machinist and
Taggnrt. an electrician, the latter a
former champiou hundred yard sprinter,
niade up the crew of the big sen plane
that started for the point that Mur
phy had indicated for the diver to
emerge. Three hours after the sea
plane hail left the station and when it
was in the immediate vicinity indicat
ed by Murphy both officers made the
same exclamation as the observer call
Official Advisory Council For
Treasury Created By Ways
and Means Committee
WASHINGTON, August 9 A luxury
tax schedule was adopted, an official
tax advisory board for the Treasury
created, the tax on corporation capi
tal stock doubled to produce an addi
tional '10, 0011,0(10 nnd n provision nc
cepte.l mnliing Liberty bonds security
from all government contracts by the
house ways unci means committee to
day in framing the $8,000,000,000 rev
enue bill.
1 he luxury proposal was submitted
by a sub committee. It levies ten per
cent tax on all jewelry, to be paid by
the manufacturer, producer and im
porter. Groups Accepted
In view of the wide public demand
for n fax on the price paid for cer
tain articles, not deemed luxuries by
reason of their nature, above a certain
price, the sub committee proposed nrnl
the full committee accepted a limited
number of other groups of such arti
cles, with suggested basic pine paid
for tlieiu by the consumer, above which
ii twenty percent tax is tn be assessed
"against the seller to the consumer
or user or to a person not for re
coiiil group
o er w hi. h
anionut exc.
taxed, follow :
Men's and youn,f men ',i
overcoats, .'id; men's and
hats, bonnets and hoods, fjiSfi
suits or
w omen 's
w omen 's
and misses' dresses, lt40; women 's and
misses' suits, cloaks nnd coat, sold at
over $i0; boots, shoes, pumps and slip
peis for men, women and children,
if I u ; men's and boys' hats, $S; men's
and boys' caps, nL'; picture frames,
10; fans, if I; men's waistcoats, sold
distinct from suits, $.r; silk under
clothing and hosiery, pure and mixed.
10; men's and boys' neckwear, J;
trunks, "0; valises, traveling bags,
suit cases and hat boxes, lTi; ladies'
purses, poeketbooks, shopping and
handbags, 7,fi0; carpets and rugs,
fifcer, !) per square yard; umbrellas,
parasols and sunshades, l; men's
shirts, '!; house or smoking jackets
and bathrobes,
The luxury schedule provides tbut
articles taxed under one of these gen
"il groups shall not be taxed under
the other group.
To Alter Auto Plants
Ma ii ii file tu re is of pass,. no,. r auto
mobiles were advised bv the War In
dustries board today to convert their
plants fo iml peieent war work as
rapidly as possible and to place them
mi flint basis not later than January
L lOIH, in a letter uddicsscd to the
Nationul Automobile Chamber .,,! Com
nii'i.e. In no other wuv. the letter
stated, could they be assured of the
cent 1 niiuuci
pi esel V alio
their iinlustiv
f their oijiani
on the
it ions.
in in tint i
of l.no
net that
w. a. s.
Mil). William J. Mack of ('
I'loiiedit home to Kiuj; (leoie
land the kind of democratic .sc.
is customsiv amonn Americans. Major
Mack is aoeiit of the I'nited stales In
suiauce Hoard 111 Kiiglund. When pre
ssnted to the. Kinjr and ciieen, Major
Mack asked their majesties for their
signatures to ein-oiiraije Amotieau sol
diers in Kiiolniid to sin also. lie ac
companied the leciucst to the Kin- w.th
a well meant, informal ,in. 011 Hie
shouldei. Tin. enlorpiisinn (H.o .iii has
sold l,r.iMi. war insurance f,,i the
L! ei anient .
ed out: ''I.nrgc Hun going north. One
gun "
The sen plane got between the sub
marine nn.l the sun an. I for two inin
ntes bore .Iowa nn the V Boat. Half a
minute later the liver started to sub
merge when I. lent Cutler tripped the
bomb release the instant Che big sa
plane was .hn-ctlv over the conning
tower of tlic submarine which wss' ex
actly ii s ieli The mm lime made a
vertical bunk while watching to ce
the effect of' the explosion Slid paw a
geyser rise lift. -en feet high off I lie
diver's port beam. When the pbi-h
had clcare. I thev observed that the
stern nt' the suluna r i ne was. .t i pad up
and its propellers out, of 1?e sjuhV.
The air pilot knew she was dnmnge.l and
could not submerge ami was a prev
for the patrol boats. The sea plane
was shmt of fuel and signalled a .In ft
er: ' ' I :i inaged submarine five miles
northwest of you." The drifter knew
that a submarine on the surface and
Unable to submerge would start to run
like a scared cat and relayed the news
to torpedo boat destroyers and destroy
ers did the rest. The submauue was
rammed am! only six of her nfli.ers and
crew weie saved. All hough the dc
at rovers actually downed her tin
prize went to SchiefTelen of Vale and
Cutler of Harvard.
Incident:! Ilv Cutler was on his iit
flight as pilot of a war patrol and the
bombs which damaged the subiimi me
were the tirst that he had dropped.
WASHINGTON, August 2.". f Ass...
ciated Piessl It is estimated that 1.10,
(MX) were registered yesterday in the
registration of the second cluss of twenty-one
year old men, those who had
reached majority since the registration
of the first of that age u few weeks
w. i. g.
WASHINGTON, August 2I (Ofli
c.ialj The gold reserves of the federal
reserve banks now amounts to (2,0').'!.
051,000, which is 10,50(,000 more than
they held at this time last year.
No Particular Shortage of Ha
waiian Grown Grain Exists But
There Is a Brisk Demand
In view of the fact that there threat
ens to be a greater scarcity of rice in
Honolulu than for a long time hereto
fore, the news from the various islands,
nnd the rice growing districts of Ouhu,
is of more than usunt Interest. Just at
present there is an investigation under
way by the Japanese chamber of com
merce arid Food Administrator Child
regarding the charge that certain Jap
anese merchants have been profiteering
in rice, while others iive hoardc j it,
waiting for a raise an prices.
!?o far as the Hawaiian grown rice is
concerned it is stated that there is no
particular shortage, only a good de
mand. At this season the second an
nual rice erop is being set out by hand,
ns usual, and this work was completed in
the extensive rice fields of Kaliln, tiahii,
this past week, practically the last
putch beiug planted on Saturday. This
Kali hi land averages about sixteen bugs
to the acre.
Over in Kailuu and Kaneohe the sec.
ond crop has all been planted and is
showing up splendidly, although then
i has been more rain than usual and the
fields are rathur deep under water yet.
I his district is reckoned to he one ot
the best on the Isluud for roe "lowing.
On Kauai, where the bulk of the tiee
is grown for lla'.vaii, the second crop
has not been replanted us vet, for the
'most part, as shown by the to ws from
j the following districts there:
i Kice at Hanapcpe is being replanted.
All but twenty six acres of the 1 l.'i
acres planted will be replanted. Lies
ent erop will average about fifteen
bugs per ucre.
U'uimeu Valley has about tvveMv
five acres in race and about 10i.il bags
may be expected from the combi tied
crops of 101. ,1'uh On expects 11, )
bags of rice from .'100 acres in Ma mm.
This is a small crop due to poor vv.'ith
er when lice was in flower. About
half this land will be planted to a see
ond crop.
About lOf) acres at Kapaa is in rice,
and nbout seventy-five acres will be re
planted. Average yield is about fifteen
bugs per acre.
About 277 ueres of rice at Wiiilua
Of this only fifty five acres will be re
planted fur a second crop. Average
yield here is about eigteen bags per
About sixteen acres is itt rice at
lranamaulii, and twenty acres will be
planted to second erop.
About six iieics of rice will all be
leplauted at Kapaia. Average v icl.l
in this district is about twenty two
bags pel acre, planteis using nilinte of
soifa nn the soil, 20(1 pounds to
w. s. 8.
WASIIIMiTON. Anvi.-t 'Ofii
c inl i - In 11 st at run-1. 1 ot 1 1.. 1 , t e I
States food ac on n 1 st t .c t oi', it vi I
that the hope's winch (ieiiicai'v eulei
' till lied on the pi oj., 1 t s "' . u 1 . ;
raill flolii the I Ii 1 .' 1 1 1 1 e le. v n ' t. . n
I li'l'li.ed. The stock 111 " : 11 ai .v 11
I about the same as last v, .a
In Austi a the cro. ic-i , . t a i l
I food sit 11a I ion is not i 1 . t , -o ...t
1 while Iftitnania and liul;:aiia an wi'h
1 out iram and Oeiinai 11, n-1 ' t ! v
them fioin its own meji .1 -1"i,' c ).'
j t hem stui v e.
i Terrain Along Vesle River Is
Turned Over To Pershing's
Forces To Make Theater North
Uncomfortable For Foe
Hammering of Artillery and Pres-
Cllrn Tn (ho lAfnet nnri Mtf
u. iv i. tv iiui auu I1VI III
West of Line Is Forcing Enemy
( Associated Press)
Atncric.m fcrces new hold a front
tn i !ii tn-cl ves with a separate and
di-tnit t.i-k assigned to them
iti-ti;n! "I enumerating, as former
ly nl a general movement of
French or i'.ritish forces between
whom they were stationed.
ne oi the significant features
oi the re. ent Allied successes is
the assignment to the American
army, which has recently been
heavily reinforced by other and ,
new American troops, of the front
along the west and the south of
the Ycsle. The task assigned to
the Americans is to keep hammer
ing the enemy communications to
the north of the Vesle River in
the Une sector and to make it
..,,1 1'ceiklr. f,ir tl-i ('.prmnna an1
this task is being carried out with
success as was indicated by the
reports ot iasi nignt ior a wun-
ilrawal before them appears to be
in progress.
Owing to the continued pres-
. t I' .-I. 4.U. U
sine oi iiic l itriini 10 mc iiwi 1,11
of Soissons between the Ailette
and the Oise and of the British
further north, as well asunder the
constant hammering of the Amer
ican batteries the enemy is evi
dently withdrawing northward
and the retirement is reported
fic.m a number of sources. In
the l ismes district a German di
vision lired in a desultory way
throughout Sunday but there
were no infantry engagements ex
cept some patrol encounters. In
the vicinity of Soissons the cari
nou tding to the north could be
plainly heard.
In the communique which was
rccchcd . In the war department
last evening it was reported that
on Saturday the Americans ad
vanced their lines slightly to the
east of Mazoches while other
units in the Yosges sector inflict
ed heavy losses on the enemy in
repulsing a raid that was attempt
ed against them and which was
racdilv frustrated.
W sIIIN(iTON, August 20 (Asso
ciated Press)- Total army rasualties
1 em the entrance of America into tb.6
war to date, as announced by the war
department yesterduy have been 0,
I I I.
I leutlis, as classified, have been 4213
of whom L'Ul were hist of aea, 12,tW0
lead of wounds, 1S'.)4 dead of disease
and 71" of accident and other rausea.
Woutide.l in action number 10,479 and
mi-Miij in action, including prisoners
Marine corps casualties number 2901
I'm the same period, divided as foJ
lo.vs: twicers, thirty four dead, fifty
nine wiiiiitded mul one missing. i'.a
I .-t, d men, .Wl deaths, 1801 woumlod,
in hands of enemy six and missing
et V .
Thus inukes the total louses In these
two blanches of the service 23,343.
'inv casualties reported yesterday
vv ic fortv six killed in acftiun, Kine
I' c n dead of wounds, one dnad of Oth
er , ai, sr. eighty two wounded and (hir
t v t u o missing.
w. s. a.
Are You Going 00 a Joun"y
aainbc ilaiu 's Colic and Diarrhoea,
I.', in, dv should be packed in your baud
I. when oing on a journey,
l i e :.', of water, diet and temperature
nil t.iid to piodti,e bowel trouble, and
th - laedo ii,,' . uiiniu be secured OB
It n l the tram or steamship. It tsia
-ave ii- 1. h suff.'i i n ir and inconvenience)
if v...i have i: handy. For sale by BfS
-on, .South &. Co. Adv.

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