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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, September 13, 1918, Image 1

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Sept. i2, 1918 Lnt twenty
four hours.' ' rainfall, .00.
Temperature Mlb., 79; Max.
83. Weather, clear.
One Wheatleas sad On Meatless Meal
VOL. LII. NO. 74
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Pincher Tactics In Whirlwind Drives On
Last German Salient Result In -Unqualified
NEW YORK. September lS-XAstociated Press) An American army,
. under the direction of American officers and under the personal super vi
lion of General Pershing, struck the first independent American blow in
France yesterday and won an unqualified American victory of the fir t mag
nitude, with every prospect that , it will be complete today.
Probably a quarter of a million Americans, with some French units co
operating launched a double blow at the last German salient in the. French
line, the &ient of $L Mihiel, on the Lorraine front. This salient has stood
unchallenged since the first great German rush across Trance in August of
' ' Following drenching ; -of Hhe" 'German pctics ' w
shells for four hoursi the Americans, preceded by American aria French
tanks, smashed Ihto" the German lines along a distance of twenty miles,
twelve miles along the south side of the salient and eight miles along the
north' side.
The attack, was furious and there was every indication last night that
the German pocket would be closed and that the Germans holding, the tip
of the salient, where it reaches and crosses the Meuse, would be complete
ly surrounded and captured.
In their advance yesterday the Americans had taken eight thousand
prisoners up to nine o'clock, with more prisoners coming in every hour.
When the latest reports from the Lorraine front were received
yesterday afternoon the Americans were sweeping forward, their
tanks smashing down the machine gun nests', the cavalry cutting
roads and destroying bridges, and the infantry following close on
the heels of the land ships and mopping up the German survivors.
At last reports the tanks and caralry had reached the middle of the
salient in the German rear and it
laMA MiimkAv At v n a 9
larger number of the enemy to escape from their positions, or at
least not without great losses. The cavalry and tanks, which out
stripped the infantry during the afternoon, were operating last night
at a point ten miles back of St.
of what is left of the German lme of retreat to the northeast.
Allied aviators in large numbers flew over the German lines in
advance of the Americans during the day, bombing the Huns and
spraying them with machine gun fire.
An official report from General Pershing, received at the war
department last night, reported the
'Our troops on the St. Mihiel
units, advanced today at some
counted eight thousand 'prisoners
still in progress."
The correspondent of the Daily Mail on the American front
wires that the American attack has only limited objectives, which
it appears certain to gain at every point. A whole fleet of tanks,
manned by Americana and French, led the attack at dawn and found
little opposition, although, the Americans are fighting in a very dif
ficult territory.
The attack along the south side of the salient was on a front of
twelve miles, starting from near Xivray, ten miles east of St. Mihiel,
and extending to Fey en Hay. On the north side of the salient on
an eiglit-inile front, the Americans struck east and south, at a point
in the line midway along the curve between St. .Mihiel and Verdun.
The French units cooperating with Pershing's main force attacked
on the tip of the salient, against St. Mihiel itself and the fort pro
tecting the town.
Following a terrific barrage, which began before dawn, the tanks
swept over the first Germans lines from both south and northi their
main objective from each side being the railroad line which the
Germans have constructed through the center of the salient, which
is. for the greater part, protected by the sides of the deep valley
through which it runs.
At points along the advance from the south the American in
fantry encountered strotljj machine gun opposition, but as a rule
the resistance of the Gefhian was slight, the enemy either falling
hack before the tanks or surrendering. The swiftest thrust from
the south was tow'ards Thiaucourt, the important town on the Mad
, , . ' '. . "a Ml M, pi M P M M M Mi MMMMMMMMMM
would seem impossible for the
rvA trrry f hair nnoiMAna Ar ar.
Mihiel itself and along the center j
American success as follows :
sector, operating with French!
points for hve miles. We
up to the present. The action is
on Pag 3,
Germans Cry "Klamerad-Many Towns Takekii
Communjque8 Report Activities
In Several Sectors Earlier
In the Week
WASHINGTON, September 2 (Offl-
rinl) In the communique which dt-als
with the activities of the American
forces on Tuesday, (leneral l'ershing
Kuiil: " Kxcopt for artillery fightiug in
the Lorraine aild Vosgei sectors the day
was quiet."
Ot" (September 7, the American com
mander said in his communique. "In
the course of successful raids in Lor
iaine our detachments penetrated the
I German trenches, inflicting losses and
I capturing prisoners."
A despatch from the American bead
quarters on the Aisne said that on
Tuesday the American artillery poured
shells upon the hills north and east
of Olennes and Revillon in such quan
tities that the German machine gunners
were compelled to take to cover. Am
erican infantry made a slight advance
between Vlel-Arey and Villers en-Pray-cii'S.
The Americans command the low
lands to the Aisne.
W. s. s.
WASHINGTON, September 12 (Of
riiial) Organization of a national
eomiiiisNion which will assist in the
relief to lie extended to law alii. ling
Austrian and German residents in this
country is aunounced by Secretary of
Htate Lansing.
The purpose of this commission will
lie to cooperate wtih the legations of
Hwr.len and Bwitjserland and it will be
composed' entirely of American citizens.
The aunounced object is to relieve any
physical distress which may exist
among law abiding Austrian aud Ger
man subjects here and to supervise
such aid as Is to be gives to the fami
lies of interned enemy aliens.
I I.
9 i ; , .
WHERE the American lines stood around the St. Mihiel salient before yesterday's double drive. Last night the three towns
. marked vdth "rings were held by the American infantry, while American tanks and cavalry had passed forward to the very
center of the salient! threatening to close it behind the Germans in the salient's tip. .
Despite Weather Make Advances
At Two Important Points
Along West Front .
LONDON, September 13 (Associat
ed Press) Although the unfavorable
weather forced a geueral calm along
the French aud British fronts in France
and Flanders yesterday, the latter made
one important series of gains southwest
of Cambrai, takiug positions within
the inner defenses of the Hindenburg
line aud capturing thirteen hundred
On a front of three miles and a half,
centering on Havrincourt, the British
advanced half a mile, completing their
occupation of Havrincourt itself and
capturing Moeuvres, to the north, and
Trescaut to the south. The Germans
resisted desperately but were heavily
defeated, their losses in killed being
Last night the Germans were couu
tering vigorously along this front, with
the British holding their gains. The
lighting here seems likely to be severe
as the British positions now are on a
dominating ridge within the Hindeu
burg defense systm at Moeuvres, while
at Havrincourt and to the south the
British are back in the positions in
which they faced the Germans after
Byng's offensive early in the spring.
The new advance has carried the Brit
ish across the Canal du Nord southwest
of the Havrincourt canal.
The British struck a heavy blow also
west of Bt. Quenlin, rapturing the towns
of Vermaiid, Attilly aud Vendellus,
northwest of the objective city.
w. a. a.
Sammy Is Told He
Must Be More
Callous Oo Field
Is Prone To Take Too Many
Chances To Rescue Wounded
Officers and Comrades and
Pershing Points Out Army
WASHINGTON, Hopteiuber 1U
(Ofticiah Ho large a proportion of
American casualties in recent ac
tions have been due to gallant at
tempts to rescue wounded oflicerg
aud men by their uuwoiinded com
rades Hint General Pershing has
been compelled, reluctantly, to issue
orders to deter his men from a rou
tinuance of such conduct.
General Pershing's order calls the
attention of his men to the regu
lutions which prohibit members of
the fighting forces from leaving
Klielr proper positions even for so
benevolent and praiseworthy si pur
pose as this.
ID (3
h in M M N m
German peac&fmsiye
And Armistice Desired
WASHINGTON, September 12 (Associated Press) Gsrmsjiy'i "peace
offensive" la already in full swing, la the belief of officials here. Talaat
Paaha la considered to hays started It, Osecnln to bars given It added Im
petus and the news of yesterday included WUllam of Germany and Charles
of Austria as taking an active part in the spread of tne propaganda al
ready. Despatches received here yesterday quota an Inspired German news
paper article as saying the German and Austrian emperors at a recent
meeting agreed that the time will be ripe at the beginning of winter to
pre pose an axmlstlca. It adds that such proposal for aa armistice might in
dicate that Germany is willing to froo and Indemnify Belgium from aa
International fund and to discuss' the evacuation of Northern Franco and to
settle the Alsace-Lorraine question.
Freidarlck roxx Payer, German Tlco-chaaceUor, Is reported in Copen
hagen despatches to have said in Stutgart that Germany might restoro
Belgium without Conditions and without Indemnities In case another coun
try bettor situated In regard to Belgium than la Geramny could bo found.
Amsterdam despatches report that the Kaiser, speaking at the annual
cropasssen said that everyone, even In the remotest corners of the father
land knows that "we have left no stone unturned to shorten the war aa
far aa possible for oar people and for the entire civilized world. He de
clared that to make peace it is necessary first to overcome others,
Lloyd George, the British premier, in a speech which he delivered at
Manchester yesterday is regarded as having clearly met the Issue when be
said: "In this aa la all wars wo must impose a durable peace from the
enemy. In this Instance Prussian military power must not only be beaten
but Germany must know, and the German people must know, that their
rulers have outraged the laws of humanity and Prussian strength cannot
protect them from punish meat.
"Nothing but the heart failure of the British nation can prevent our
achieving a real victory and dictating the terms of peace."
The premier said that the casualty list In France is now only a fifth
as great as in the fighting of 1916. Ho said that he not only favors a league
of nations but in fact that league is already begun. The Allied countries
that are fighting the battle for international rights are already a league
of free nations.
Residents of Urup Island Flee In
Small Boats To Get Away
From Lava Streams
TOKIO, September 12- (Special to
Nippu .liji One of the worst volcanic
eruptions Japan has known in ers,
occurred in I'rup Island in t lie Cliishi
ma or Kuril group, according to the re
ports received here today.
The mountain which suddenly burst
into 'a terrific eruption is Shorotaye
ama. Pillars of fire and dense smoke
are mounting high in the sky while
streams of molten lava lire flowing
down the slopes of the mountain upon
the villages at its base.
The inhabitants of the islund are re
ported as so panic stricken, t,ht they
sre deserting the villages mid departing
In small boats in the direction of the
neighboring islands. Many are believed
to have perished and so Car seveuty
II ve persons are reported missing.
W. a. a
WASHINGTON, September 12 (Of
fieial) Oversubscription by U-t,.V,H1-300
of the latest half billion dollur is
sue of treasury eertiBrstes, is announc
ed by the treasury department.
urn- t 7
' 'vhav f."-"
Business Stops Throughout Na
tion As Thirteen Million
Register For Service
WASHINGTON", September 12 (Of
ficial) Throughout the couutry a cea
siis of the man power of the nation
was Uie.tly taken today wtih the reg
istration of about thirteen million men
between the sues of eighteeu aud twen
ty oue years and thirty two aud forty
five years.
The enrolment of today anil that of
those from twenty one to thirty one
years of uge that hus been previously
taken has placet the total at approx
iniately 2;i,4il(l,lMMi as the registered,
availaidc iiihii power of the uatiou.
The ilay was observed as a national
holiday and everywhere thuie were
put riot ic demount rations.
w. a. s. -
VIKN'NA, September 12 - ( Associat
ed I'l es (-Successful uttucks upon
Toniorica ridge in Alliauin have re
gained some points for the Austrian
anus, was the official report from the
war odice today.
'1' - J. - r
itU iLlthi
Once Socialist Candidate Fcr
President Convicted Under
the Espionage Act W.
. . '."?.'. 1
CLEVELAND, September (As
sociated Press) Eugene Debs, long
labor agitator and candidate- for the
Presidency of the United States oa the
Hoeisllst ticket In 1004, was yesterday
convicted oa three of the counts pre
sented against him under the Espionage
Act, in the federal eourt .hero. - Tho
maximum penalty which may : be' In
flicted upon him is imprisonment for
twenty years and the imposition of a
fine of $10,000. . . , '
Four of the original ten counts fouad
against Debs by the grand Jury were
presented to the trial jury and of
these four he was found guilty oa three.
The jury found that he had attempted
to incite insubordination and disloyalty
among the armed forces of tho Valted
States, that he had attempted , to. ob
struct recruiting and has uttered lan. '
guage which tended to incite resistance
to the authority of the Ualted State
and to promote the eauss of tho
enemy. He was found not guilty oa
the charge of opposing the cause of the .
I'nited States.
After the findings of the jury had
been reported Debs, who took the ver
dict cooly said: "It ia all right I
have no complaint to make as to the
fairness or justice of the trial as eoa
ducted against me. It will eome out
all right in God's good timo,- - r. -
w. s. s. .
WASHINGTON, September i!U(As
sociated Press) Casualties reported lu...
the lists which were released by the
war department yesterday wer pnly
about half so great as in the past sev
eral days, numbering 113 of -whom
seven were killed in action, thirty-two
died of wounds, twenty of disease and '
other causes, 271 were wounded, thirty-two
missing and oue known to have
beeu taken prisoner. .
( apt. Phil .1. Keixer of San Antonio,
Texas, has been killed ia action and
Maj. Harry Crowell of Saa Francisco,
has been wounded. '4 ',' -,h' -" ' "
LONDON, September 13 As
sociated Press) The o metal Ger
man communique yesterday psys
only passing attention to the
American drives on tho St. Mihiel
salient, mentioning that the
Americans have attacked and that
tho battle is stiu rr-rriailTir
w m nr-n s
i ..Q

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