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HAWAIIAN GAZETT &DAY. OCTOBER 18, 1918. -SEMI.tyfcEIO&.
c3 : mi :i . f V - Jt Ul ..i t . vv 1"' . : ' kt ii ii ti ii ti I i - i (r. ; v ' as I X X I anr m i as ' m m 11 is to i stitinii ntouMEtitsoF AMERICA'S FIGHTING ALLIES Administration Points Out Why, Even With Increased Production Arherlca Must Save Sugar Before the War tha United fclngdom obtained S4.2 percent of .her sugar sup ply from Oermiay and Austria-Hungary, which sources of upW are now, of roe no e,tiiioatel. Fraar obtained 71.8 perepnt pt bar angar fom horn pro (lactioa befora th war, now ker home production is onhr about 28 frcot of what it formerly' waa. Italy produced HI. 9 perrtnt of her augar auppty ba frk t war, but aer praaont home trodurion ia bow raduced about ona lalf. Thin aitaatlon, aava an official bnllotia, haa rnulted in heavy inroals span tha source of supply, of the Unit ad Ptatan, itartleutarty Cuba. The fol lawiag table shows to what ejctaiat the alHoi now depend upon these sources: Prewtr I snnual , . anrsKC 1U17 Ssports of osre flned s a t a r from our iimusI . soarvra of suit i uha 14S.S24 Hawaii . .. ; sn.oou W-71 ' , 264.107 150.0U0 Philippine , ... , Export of re flned iniir from the I lilt ed Htates 2n.lA7 Total reKnetl and unreflued suirar to al lies KW.U01 1,277.717 1. 3X1.000 BotlmateU on tbe basis of the prewnt outlook. Tbe above figures show that the al Ilea took l,110,7$tf toaa aaore in IS 1 7 from the United State autl her usual sources or supply thaa tnelannal aver- M . L . A IfUtfk tux mtj rvi luu imw I Increaaed Home Consumption ' The War baa brought abont increased prosperity for a large element of the community nad has added very greatly to the purchajting power of the con- snming public. Demand for sugar hu increased in response to tbe increased purchasing power. But sugar is used, anlike'many ether food commodities, as a eonstitoeat in so many other food products that the demand is multiply- ing i all directions. Condensed milk, BeOnera' Stock (In long tons of 22 'I 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 I l I 1 k gj- ' il r -. - ,-lLL- z I 4-ff 1 l-ti - : V m .. -j i , 1 1 H 1 -M1 ! -rt I t t 1 i i i 'i I r-ir -T-n-i-r i I I t i I I I i 1 I' 1 I 1 cxd 400,000 373,000 350,000 29,000 00,000 rrj.ooo 250.000 225.000 200.000 If 3 , M0 150,000 j 125,000 100,000 75,000 90,000 25,000 Jan. Tab. March AfrJ candy, soft drinks, canned fruits and vegetuldits, ire c roll m, flavoring extracts, chewing gum, swwit pickles, tobacj-o, honey, wines, ilental preparations, drugs, catsup, chili sauce, tHike 1 gomla, and many other edible products, all em ploy sugar, as 1ho certain nonedible products, -such as explosives and glycerin. Prinlin ts si. 1 ! as coii'lenned milk have beei: expi.ried in large umifitiua to our allies ,and the sugar contained therein is Ihere'dii t lo be eousidered a eonsi.iiii' I by tue people of the l uit ed H nte. , b.it tlie eflvi t is lo rieate a lurge. ,eiii4ii I foi sit-in in this coun try. In adifition. there lira some other faetc U i .msid. i. Thi armed loiiaa of t! e I'm c 1 8tates coi suiiie uiwch Tuove sni 1, per capita than the liviliuu pOpM'-'ti"" There irie 1 ousiduiabla Sinouuts shipiied for Ifelgian relief Jhe Ked Ooss, Young Men's Christian As aviation, Knights of t'oluinbus, and other organizations. Submariues nuuk about 13,000 tons of sugar iu rhe re peat ileprodatuiu on our coin I.e Avalltfble fcuppUea and Reserve Although our own demamls for sugar and tbe requirements of our nlliea from our sources of supply have thus in creased greatly, the production has nut Increased correspoudiuly. The follow- ing table shows this year's production in our main sources of supply as com pared with lt year: of mill 17. Cuba, amount arullulilp for export iURlW Hawaii, amount available for eiuort A BTMI.UOO Pnrto Klon. attionnt avail able for export 47M.M1 I nltort States csne IWl.piSI United States beet NJO.U37 t'roit if 1K17-1H. .Vi-ttsal .'l.l.SI 7HVJ07 Total 3..VM7tM .vwixr. lleve. the'aituation. The acononiia iise As the above figures show onlv Cuba ' o'PIlg. facilities la accordance shows a substantial increase over last J Wltn- our war program wakes it ad vesr, which is almost balnnced bv de ! visable that we reduce onr sugar eon creases elsewhere, so that the tot.-.i pro somp'.on and employ shipping for more duction for these sources nf supply is ' ""'"J?' punoss. oulv ;!k.(h:i tons above" last seii-on s J Toe OtruflcaU Plan cro'ii. Moreover, our total receipts of ! The itwtributioa pf sugar for the first cane sugar from sources outside the niontba of this year amouated to an United States up to August 17, amount vertige f. ijoufids per capita, or ..i i. ui . imiiiu urarticanv the. avera'ira distribution. tons less than for the corresponding Our sugar comes to us in definite sen son able cycles. The cane sugar of Cuba. Hawaii, Porto Rico, Philippines, and other minor sources, is exported to tnj, Couutry in the period from Jauu ary to October. Although there is some - available even as late as December, the amount is relatively small, rrwm i tober to January we depend rhief on our own domestic beet and cane crops, but it is not until Novem ber that the beet sugar is available in the eastern part of the country. To bridge the gup between the end of. the arrivals or cane sugar rrom ouisiuo ui , 1. niunilrv u ml tlA . r r'l t u I , It f ltMtf. 'wr .in....-, w migar from the western States, we d pend normally on our refiners' resorve supply of cone sugar of some :wki,(MMj tons. Since our shortage during the j latter part oriast year our reserve stock has been in a depleted condition. Ke flners now have only nl.out lu'O.OOO ton of raw cane sugr on hand, about -ID I percent of the normal reserve supply, Had our consumption in the pnt six I mouths been reduced sufficiently, re finers' stock might uow have been large enough to take care of our needs. of Saw Sugars 4U pounils catli) Mtf June July Auf Sep' The churt above compares the weekly movement ot refiners' stock of raw augur this year with tbe preceding yeur buii wiin inr jnewsi events;;. n iuu.t be noted that the tendency of the mrvo is to follow the prewar average rather than the curve of last year. This is a wholesome temieucv. for stock lust year were depleted too rapidly aud re suited in a severe shortage in the inter- ! val between the Cuban, I'orto Rica'l, ' aud Hawaiian cane crops and our do- meatic beet and cane .-roue. It is a .,r,k,u f... ti.-. -1 .... 1 1. vssr have stock, been anywhere near tliose of the pro war vears or of last vear. At - - ' - -- - - ...... - tha latest date, Airgust 10, stocks were stijl uot much over one half of lust year's. This alone indicates the neevs aity tor nonservat jun. Geographical Complications An additional factor which compli sates our sugar situation is the physical fiii tor of the geographical extent or our country. It is possible that there amy be an oces of sugar in the couu trv as a whole, anil at the same tune , seeie shortages in particular localities far away from centers of litribution. It is therefore not oulv necessurv to make certain of sufficient supi.lies for the country taken as a unit, lint il is also ut'eesnary to plan ahead with a vlaw to having auigaf available la all Htrta of tha country avea is the fnea of transortUoB tiiffiettltifa... Thia, af course, involve bulldiOB tip of larirftr i storks than usual, i ProaiMcta For 14UI-1B VK'ith the sbortaga of labor already ei isting in the i'nited ft s tea owing to the demands of the war industries ant) vitk the praepaets of further infosds under ; tha new nrart regulation, tnere ia aa- ! rious question in the minds ot the pro ' durera of our ilomestic beat and sugar i ro as to their ability te maintain the normal rate of production tact eaa I son. , . . ., , . 7 . j Tha Shipping Situation ." . XII of . the foregoing considerations, however,' would not bring a,baut short j Rgo in normal times. Sugar coirld be brought from distant places if the ile uiand was sufficient to warrant the fl I nnarial outlay to obtain aupplbrs. In fnrt, at this time there are soma ftnfl.000 tons of sugar available in Java of last year's crop, too far awaylo be moved either to the ITuited States or to the allies, whirh in ordinary times would rertainlv have leen brought here to re- 6iee the 'CiWcta plan has. been la oileration Wd dfirlng the normal month of heavy dvmestie diatributiok, the consumption Of sugar bas been cut down te a point which will permit of soma ihefeamulatiOn in reserve stocks. Tha normal distribution of .sugar in June. July, August, September, And October, is, WH,006,000 pounds pef month. Th distribution nndor the cer tificate plan so far has boen reduced o about 520,000,1X10 pounds per month. The Issuing of certificates and control of the consumption in this way has been a -gigantic operation carried out by tha State Food Administrators throughout the country. w. a. a. Between Four and Five Million To Be Distributed To Plan tation Laborers I 'In nt h t ion laborers who are now Hervmn in the Kirt and See o ud lla- wniinu Infantry regiments at Fort Hhnttcr and Hcholielil Hnrracks, or in auy other brunches of the army here, will receive whatever balance is due them of their bonus to and including tbe end if the preaent month, this being an arrangement nuule by the Hawaiian riutliir Plauters' Aisociat ion. Tin' bonim rste for the year ending October 31, 1 !' 1 7, was xevent v-eight percent, which gave more tlwiu $7,400, WH to the laborer ss bonusex, and this yenr the pnyments will total betwoen 4.."ii'i.il() ami .-,.llMl,0(t. The ii r run genu-nt 11N0 includes a plan to pay the laborer aho worked the lequired uiiinber of days per month from November 1, 1!'I7, to the time thev were inducted into army service, the hoiiu tor the inontiis tney workc,l, minun aniountH paid them as moiitlilv iiihances. The plantations will also deduct from the amount due anv laborer tnk en nit, 1 tlie army u II unpaid obliga tions voluntarily incurred on sccount of aubxi ript ions to Liberty Hon Is, tho Red ( rosy ami lor Wur Havings Htams. When the amount is ascertained it win i.e reoniici ov uii: .ii.i.... .u the labor bureau of the Hawaiian fU- gar Planters' Association slid a set tlement will the', be made with the men bv the association. w. s. a. NO BREAK COJVIES IN DfcY WEATHER There lias been no break in tbe pro longed dry. warm, sunny weather throughout the Islands, reports kloteor- olocist Dninijf rficld of the local atb' j er Bureau, uniler dute of Octuhes It. ' I Aside from favored section of the Kona j Districts - and windward' Hawaii, the I droughty i nn, lit ions w ere beVomlnjt jsoTtctthet acute at the close of the week. With the exeepfluu of Hawaii, , all of the islands shoued a decline in rainfall I "'in that' of the precerliU'4 week. While the dry weather has fav- orei weeii i ng, anil, pcrnnps, cuiiivbihiii. . it has not been helped otherwise to field . gnuerallv or to pastures. By islandsthe average rainfall in (,, w, . t.Al,,.. H.nii ,0 nr.- ' Maui, 0. 'ti: Oahu. 0.40; Kauai, O.'JH. r m. a. a. casj rs)tsjfiorrt tMnraTinuo 0 ' w" " I . ? A,s ..r . - Jl ;.' : ? ."T- . p n ' l i-i.peiiiK iiri.ses ui iiui'ii i.ll iw .. 1-Vapic1,. I'ilistia Uiiea- ' rtos- In tea llsw'S Com I llnw. Kmks r Co HoiinkMii Simiir I',, Honolulu I'lsnlstlon Hntelilnsun Hnifur C. (iiiliu Moiriir Co. . las Hoe- 1 ' 4". :r. (P, lili.. 4n s:ii, '', l'l iiuoinea ., .' 1 ,, I'UMUhau Kn-ar 1 , , ., IT l.- 1 Nil in n .3.76 SUGAR WORKERS IN ARMY GET BONUSES "Y" Directors To Meet The board! aid is replenishing supplies at Atlnn of directors of the V. il ('. A. will , tie seaboard ports. meet to.lav at noon at the Xuuanu Y. ( M. ('. A. building. This is in accord a me of their plan of uieetiug at thjl Nuuauu building ouce each quarter. This is in accord- lairichi Named On ePhlippines Former Manaaer of Makee Com pany On Kauai Will Have Much To Do With Shipments From F.a tait Archlpelaflo-fhank-1 ed For Services j George II, Fairchild, formerly man ager of thoyMakee Sugar Conrfiany, pn Knunl, and for several years a factor in the development of the sugar in dustry in the . Phi)jppiue,s,, has just been appoikteil a representative of the Hugnr Cqaaliaatiea Board for the Philippines, aad will have much to do with the plans for the shipment of PhJlppThes Sugars to the outsids mar kets. He , as also congratulated by the governor-general for the work he has done to promote the interests of the archipelago. A despatch from Washington dated Kept ember 7, relating te tbe plana for the movement of sugars from the Philippine archipelago, 'soys that ar- raogsuicuts -have been made for the assignment of "-tonnage to forward E5, 000 tons of muscovados at an early date. . . The price basis which la to po'vVrn tbe sale of Philippine sugars until the new. prircs established , for producers become effective is understood to be '6,5$ cents, for W test with a differ eotial of 'one cent, for, 68 test and a dad action of 310 cent for each degree below R6. For each degree above 88 teet, 116 cent is; to be added. t This basis has .Wan adopted, It . Is nnder Stood in view of vhe bigh freiglrt tates obtaining between Philippine and Atlantic ports, .which made it. impossi ble for producers to market? their au gur at 'the price basis heretofore pre vailing except a a, lieavy loss. Arrasgoraerits for Movement In this connection new arrangements regulating the movement of Philippine sugars have been worked out by the food administration in cooperation with the Insular Government. These arrangements include the appointment of a representative of the (Sugar F.quul- Uatipn Bokrd for the Philippines, for whirh poet Qeorge H. Fairchiid, of Welch, Fnirohild and Company, Inc.,1 of Maaita, bas . ben designated. Shipments of Philippine sugars will proceed under the direction of the j food controller, precedence being given I to stocka in tbe' bands of producers 1 in the Philippines in arranging ship ments. It is understood that after producers' needs have bee,n provided 1 1 for, exporters' stocks will receive at- j trntion, but these will tie turned back j to the possession of producers before' j fhey are sold, so that the producers! I may receive the full benefit of the' price basis now established, allowance j being made to the exporters for their , ex Dense in bandlinc and car'rvinu stocks. Shipments are to proceed first from the port of Iloilo iu onUr to care for the accumulation of muscovado sugars at that point. The svstein thus worked out so'ves the very serious problem confronting j Philippine producers in view of the im- I possibility prior to this time of set', I I . ing their sugtir to this market under the price basis heretofore in effect, with the hi nil transportation rates that prevail. , Crnit to Fairchiid Great credit for working nut the solution now arrived at is asxigued to . M. Fairchiid, who has been in Wa -h ington for several months as a repre strata tive of Philippine producing iu- : tirests iinri who haa hnd the HllDliort ; , j roo.,er,t,on 0f the Philippine gov '.rraw.aa. ..nder' the direction of Gov ernmesM, undevtae direction ot iiov cnor (iencral llawjaun, in endeavoring to bring about the satisfactory adjust I inent of the Philippine sugar situa- tion. The food administration ia in receipt ot the following cablegram from the Governor -General 'a office in Manila indicating the satisfaction with which Mr- 'airchi!d' oppointment bus been received: " ''Referring to telegram from your onfice of the 20th instant, Tairehild's appointment as representative rluger nection with Philippine muscovados is very much appreciated here, and all possible assistance will be reudered bim hy this government to carry out plans, which mean much prosperity for the Philippines.'' A personal telegram from Gnern,,r Genera) learrison also eonveyed to Mr. Fairchiid tbe congraf ulatious nf the i'hilitMiiiie government tor the i, en i - -----,1---- r, - - 1 - - - - worr. -fou. bavbeen dowig to pro- j m,, Philippine interests, 1 N Action on Centrifugals 1 " working out the differential by which the price basis for muscuvudoa whs determined, the advice and sug gsstiona of Horace Havcmeyer are said to have been relied upon very largely. No final decision as to the handling of Phili imiiie centrifucals or ss to the . . , . ... . 1 i,..-.l uii nu.rn iiiq Till' if. ,u, . , , n , , , hss been reaahsrT, aicordin to reports i here, the preseat arrangement icfer j ring entirely to muscovados. No ilefi 1 nite announcement has been made as ' to tbe date at which furthsr shipments I will come fotward aside from tbe 'J5, 000 tons now being provided for, but it is expected that the sugar now iu . j . 1 t 1 .. . I wBieooufes asu in prouuccis niuum 111 the Philippines kill be moved as I promptly tfs possible, iu order to make I ronin for the coming crou aud also to I One shipment of 1430 tons from Ma nila recently srrived at a Puget Sound port aud ia now on its way overland cuusigued to a New York reflueiy. HONoUiij Vtock excuse llonoluiii, October 17. ItlS. r MMlii 1X1 ILIC Alet. A Hnlilwln. Ltd. C. Urertrvt A In ...KM SI l All Ewa Plnntstlon Co. .. .,..! ST Hslkn Hiiviir 'n. ...W...1W ' 7i tt iw I Haw. A it nil Vk. '. ......IfUVi Maw. I'. H. Co 4tk t'4 . Haw. Hoi. CuaV 33 34 I M Honolulu Knmr Co .1 4i tl llnnomu Hug. Co. . .....40 no .1 Kahsku IManlatlon Co. Keke4ia Missi 1 v.' . . . Knlne tn" I'o McBryde Hue. Co., Ltd. VWhu ItUia. Co. ,, Olna Hi.g. C.. Ltd. ... (Mittinea Co .tt3H0 I .. n "TV "71 n i, ..1 47V t, 47 - , Mr tan i , 1 IHuitnMw Mill I 10 I'ata Plant. Co 135 i .V-S1 llJjfl 1 170 J'eissrteo Bug. Co Ploueer Mill Co an Carlos Million Co. Watalna Jfa-rctl. Co. . Wallukii Hug. Co MlKCBLLLANalOl'M "nrtan Ih-v V ' t.M ....I ?l iVi i in ft 1 4 " S 1 Ifnaels ropiier.Mlolntt Col K (iaiaa r. tr. Co., l'ia .,.1 VI 'fNI r m i t . .i-tMa... Haw. Cm. Br.' 7 A ... Haw.-Con. Kr.' B ... Haw. on. Ujr- Com. .... 4all;iu eJlet'ttV- 4w. . fla. i Pineapple Co. . ... Hon. Jl. A M, Co., Ltd. .. Una. Ma. Co.,, Ltd ' t(n. tt. T. I, Co, Ioter-1-.laud 8. N. Co. ,. tut, Tel. Co . Mahu Hallway 4 L. Xe, . 4t'N ... tt .... 214 .... itnu,.... 44V4I 4 44H 11 U00- 124 if 1H0 V 141 144 ...... l'snsiif Kunber Co. . 1HUJ 10 tetania-Uiniiiuks. V. ; raajoutf OUU KabtMW Ce. tSs..'. . ' ttONn I j Liberty hoati tl 104T. .! ' 88 Llhertv Loaa 1st 4 1IM7 Mb Lean find 4 XIH2. Ub. Loan lnt"4V; 1047, Lib. Loan 2nd 4 1WJ ' Lib. I-on Srcl 4(4 1WH.". Ueach W. I. U. 5 .... Hauiakiia IMuh Co. VI ,.. Ill, Con. Ry. 5 Iluw'n Irr Co.. tta .'v.-i'.' C2HI 00 7U 1.... Haw Tr 4 IWf. 1 01 (law. Ter. 4 Pub. Iniua.iltM Haw. Ter. Pub tmp4 aerlea 11112. 1913) Haw 'i.-rr'l ... llllo (las Co.. Ltd.. 0 HoioiKna Mitf o V Hon. OaA I'n, Ltl.. Ah Kauai Ry. Co.. Aa Manua I. L . liS'c .M.-lir.vile.SiiRar Co . bo Milt. Tel. r lahn It. ft L. Co.. flullll SllK Co., OV, liaa Sncar Co . , . . . I'Ni-.iii: (luauo ft K. t'o., ao arlo Ulllln(. 0 ..I ! 7 Si. ..'1(10 .-im I ..! mil ..' nn ..I w .. lSi inu .l.iin ine t I oailuo 1 ..1104 I BITHItN HOASDS Mi Itrvilc-l.Vl. M.'iO; Ulua. 13, list. (1.75 : I'lncs. I.'i. 44 JO; Wulalua. Sl no. 100. 00. 0. JUOO; UKKI Kaiml Ky. 6 1UU.20. IHiAHU 6 Nolle. June . 101" mialysla bseu (no Jilvti-mi ITiritr UU Cent, (for Haw.) Uugkrs fOM KVHRSR OIIOTTIONd Oct. 11. 101H SlnKUiore : 27.70 Son lork (No quotation). w. s. a, 9 NEW YORK STOCKS M:W YDIIK. (Irtober IS I Associated I'rnss) Following are tbe opening and ii.iutf 'inflations of atoi-ks In tun New j Wirk Msrket yesterday 1 MM- 1 ma An.eflciiii Kiigur .Vlnel lean H.s-1 A -so. Inteil ifll Alaska (iol.l Alllerieail l.ocolnollve . .. American Tel. ft Tel llti'-j us "-, (17 4 (Hi' lis; UJ 'ii 7:;, 111, 7r.'.i (ISI-j aih, tvi 17tl Vt i) 41 -3S JP'm 1(1 IK, lll'.V, W H.-,lf 7 1 IKI'i. 7US4 .V, 7('n. 1 -M-X ir.'1 170-S, ; lliv. -Wt i r. mi l -M' 4 ' ; American Smelter ' American Uteri Kilry . . . Anai-ooila t'op.er . AtchUoa Hnlilwln Locomotive 1 Hh It I more A (Ihlo ItetlileLem Htei-I "If . California Petroleum . ... Central Leather ! Conn, llun Paelhe , C. M. a Ht. I'uul ' Colo Fuel & Iron Crucible Hteel Cuba Kuiiar Cane Kcle coininoii . Oeiietal Kleetrlc (ii-neral Motors (new I . .. Ureal Northeru International Kl. ki-1 luieruatloual Harvester , Industrial AI10I10I lutenuitloiial I'uocr Kcitiiei-ott CopMr 1 U'hllth Valley Hallway . New York Central , Pennsylvania I Hay Coiisolldeteu KeSdllia collliuou Kcpublican Iron common , Southern I'ttcllfl Htuileliaker ; Cub. a 1-aeltlc : I iiiltf.1 Slates llnbl.cr . . , Tesua Oil . .(. ' I'tnli 1 I l.lleil. Statist Htis-I I Wusteru I nlou en! IiiIioiisc 1.V4 1-M '7i o--'14 t7i f7 aisj 100 S-i'-s ! 61 70 44 V4 wni 1 7V? I i:tt ' Nil l"-" I ! HIS Ui - 61 7-V, 441 24 V. iv a."i 1IM 87 ',4 10M5 m W. S. a. MISS TENNEY IS i REGULAR SOLDIER j The status of 11 regular soldier baS been conferred upon Miss Wilhelmina ' leiiuny, dauuliler of Mr. and Mrs. K. I. Teui ey, and Miss .Ui Drundred, both of Hon,, lulu, iu a recent order iieta;lii tin m to an advanced aviation 'ati ,n to caiiv on Kud Cross work. 'I'h is 1 cutisnlerud an innovation, aud is .1 signal Inner to bo conferred upon ithe lii Island iiU. Miss Tenne.V uritc that l c cupeeied the new work o ibl tn';e them pretty well up towaVd the f : 011 nf the American lines tin the , Western Flout. j They are subject to all that ,pierfcnu j Kxpc.t:':nn.'irv Force reptilnt ions. Miss J Teiinev was about to leave f o ' home ' v lieu this new assigniuCnt s made, . Mrs. W. K. Vunderhllt being purtly I responsible lor the cbauco, sUGMiUOURthOJ LIABLE TO BE HARD Disruption of Es'sehtial Enferprise Should Be Reduced To Minimum Is . Spirit 'of Regulatibns Observed; ' .. : - 1 the suirit and Drovislona Of thai -tt '; i.. ..i-'ii-L-1" WHiTOTfl wtjiTiro rvifUiMiluua pn trv fotth, particularly with refereace to de ferred classifications in the Island' sg; ricufttiral enterprisca, are observed by the district boards under advice Of the advisory boards, the disruption of suth Ammm I . I wvlnitllnval .n.l In.ln.t.l enterprise as the production and mann factre 0 sugar should be reductul o miui '"""I"""' ' w"" nary increase - of ' the fighting forces of the Nation. This ia the general .summary of 'ail nnJyais of the neleetive aarvice rogv'o.- tiosa. with nartleiilar reference to the tloas, with partleular reference to the coming registration oa October 26, and 1 bow it will affect the sugar Industry, I which has been received here from I Washington by Msj. H. Gooding Field, eleeive draft officer. Decided on Merita . v4ry individual claim of an agrt-' cultural employe for risferred classifica tion -following the registration of men under the V Man Power. Act" on Octo ber wil be decided upoji Its merits; and the local boards and the district board will act as rapidly as possible to give,ha, classification, to be rag intra at and is. hja status Without n necessary delay. This will be of extreme value to the sugavr plantations as it will give them all an opportunity to determine just how tley stand with refereace to future labor supply for the cultivating of their next crops.,. . It must be shown, however, as already outlined In The Advertiser, that the claimant la especially fitted for the work .ho is engaged in, and also tbat he is Irbsolutely necessary to the enterprise with which he is associated. Maj. H., Gooding Field is to receive the cooperation, of tha labor burtxtq of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Associa tion to facilitate tbe handling of such questions. The bureau will send cards to plantation agencies containing the questions that each registrant Is re quired, to answer, to give, the workers i .,..! it v 1o trTl'Sn it,J,..r,i. tfri ". . .. '. . i "... V. registration nay. tach worker will tnttu know just what questions he is to an swer and about how ha abould answer, so that upon presenting himself at a registration booth, be will save time for himself and the registrar. KosponalblUty of Employers tThe Washington correspondent of Facts About Sugar, writing from Wash ington September 24, gives a granhie sumqtafy of the uow drafXjxgulations concerning sugar employes anil de ferred classifications us follows:. Kxaminatiou of the revised selcctivo service regulations which will govern the classification of men registered un der the aew eighteen to forty five" ago limits shows that they ' present so mr.ny features important to the vuri ous branches of the sugar industry that a presentation of the principal changes made should be of interest to those who may not have followed them iu detail. That acquaintance with at least the bioud outliues of the regulations, ou the part of employers especially, is cou.Hidered important by the war de partment authorities is indicated by the notice seut out by Provost Mar shal General Crowder calling upon them In cooperate with the draft authorities in tbe inntter of deferred classified tions for Industrial reasons, and sug gesting tbat thev charge themselves mora systematically than hitherto with the responsibility of making deferment claims for their employers. Iu order to carry out this resprusibility intel ligently it is nncessary that employers -bonld' be acquainted with the rg Utlons. Mo xiaaent Of BktU That tbe prpsluRtioii of food Is, bu- -voiid ilnlibt. a "nflrHimrv" fi.'i-utiiit.ii.n 1... VI. 'j ...m.i- .1... . oa . wspu maoe wuicivuii cicar aim it l also appareut that uaintenauce 0.f the, supply of !uar, one of tbe most eaeentlal. pi roodluns, ta a vital factor. With regard t,o ihe question of what classes of .employes are, to be, considered aa coming within the defirjjtion of tbe term "necessary", the most important change affecting the industVy is that stated as follows jo, ')h& Manual for Lt'gal Advisory Boards, Issued by the provost marshal general: Attention Is called by the fact that as to necessary laborers or workers in necessary industries, occu pations or employments, Including agri culture, the element of skill has been eliminated from tbe revised regula Hons. Old and Itew Wording This is appareut from a comparison of sectious 83 and 87 of tbe old and the new regulations. The word "skilled" which appeared in these sections in the old regulations, has been omitted and replaced by the phrase " especially fit ted fur ths work in which be is eu gaged." The new wording of these sectious is as folloWs: Beet ion N:t. ("lass II (continued) Agriculture. Rule XX. In Class II shall, be placed: (e) Any registrant found to be engaged u a "necessary" agricultural enterprise, and found to be "ueeeaaary" to such enterprise in the caplicity of farm laborer peciaiiy niieu ror tne worn in wineii lie is eiignve.l. Heetiou N7. (Mass II (eoul niued I -Industry, occupation, or employment. Rule XXIV. In Class H shall be placed: Auy registrant fuuud to HIT BY DRAFT r - 1 A'-'".' b engaged in a "aocasaary'' Indus. !trr. or occupation, or employment, and 1 .... . . .. .. I capacity of a laborer, worker, or em- 1 f,loye, especially fitted for the work I n which lie is engagtvl. ;. ' I . 11. T a I eiamiflcation of rfuy registrant found I ; uiner sociions praviav tor peierrea 1 to be "noccssary" to " necessary "1 industry or agricultural "enterprise as I ialkl ...fuaiiilA nf 1. T ri ittftnimip A to as tba sole directing bead. Ia av essary industries, highly s)ierialixsd ex perts are also deferred. the woru Boe, 16 to 18, Inclusive. I .. .1 ', . .. eeeasary" Is elaborately denned in t Th -clim.n.tio, of tbe' elemcit of skill in farm and indiistruil laborers is apt to be overlooked for the. reason that tha questionnaire still uses ' tha word , 'aklllod" in describing Class TI. This expUlned by a memorandum appearing oa page 208 of the revised regulations, which ytates that the ques tionnaires waa , printed before ...the amendment by congress which led to the revision 0 .this particular regula tion. This explanatory memorandum particularly directs that the claim that a registrant ia engaged In a "necessary" agricultural enterprise and Is 'necessary" thereto ia the ca pacity of. a farm laborer especially fitted for the work in whirh he la en gaged, should be made in Division 0, Class II, on page one of the question naire. This is where the- word "skilled" stilt appears 00 ths face of the questionnaire. A similar direction Is given for the claim that the reg istrant engaged In a necessary indus try, or oce.upatiou, or employment, is "necessary" ia the capacity of a la borer, worker or emploYe, especially fitted for .the work in which he is en- gKKll- " Provisions Tot AjWlsors ', Another important (cature of the new regulations is the provision for the aiMwiintroent of three. advisors for rh 'Utrit lard, one to be nominat-, cl bv the dopartujent of, labor: one by L .f rlenlturn Ana ' """". .. , by the district boa,rd. It is particular- ' ly made the business of the latter ad- -. visor to bring to the attention of tha district lioard the question as to whethy v. er or not individuals engaged in some particular industry, occupation, or era. . ployment are so necessary thereto a , to 'outweigh the benefit of tbe nation -' should thev be drafted in the army, J t. The advjsors are further directed coufor with persons engaged In varV-. oua Induatries for the purpose of hav-! ing rases f individual registrant f. considered even though no claim for A' deferred classification hss been made i . bv the registrant himself. (Hectionj 80.1 The right of appeal lias also been , -j broadened by the inclusion of a pro- t vision that the provost marshal general ) msy .take au appeal whenever ,it is ' brougbto his attrution bv any lersoa '1 that the decision of a district board ' iliMrlv prrmieiiuH or ill disregard of -"' tho spirit or provisions 01 tne regu-(. ' , lotions. . ,-; ' nr. ava PUBLICATION OF SHIPPING NEWS TO BE RESUMED Publication of shipping news, as it . coiu'orns the movemeuts of merchant' f vessels in the Pacific, will be resumed ; 1-v The Advertiser, probablv tomorrow ; morning, following authorisation ro- ceived yesterday, from the government.. The Committee of Public Infqrnia- ation sent ant yesterday through tts V i.c , I ...I-..!...... Mn.'t - .. ... kuf ,1,. niiKltnlinn ttf lull Iiiririiiniv , ..u u. ..-.... w ,. . . . . " m. shipping news wss to be resumed, inn Advertiser eonveved this information ; T'li.lmuster VacAdani and (!onimo j v- - .- - dore Mahan, local oQIcials in charge of the censorship. Both aaid they bad v rcecivod no omcial advioes as vet aad; asked that, publication of shipping'; news be suspended until they could T . eommunii ate with Washington and get continuation of the authorisation of ': the Committee of Public Information. ' in coiiiormiiv witn us nan r wi ir- rying out the requests of the 'govern- i roeiit plrleials, The Advertiser, which ;' has scrupulously 'observed the volnu- tary censorship rules, acceilivl to tneir 1 ivqiu-st, but hopes to be 'l to lur- ., nlsh its readers tomorrow the shippiugr news aiiseuce or wnua irinii mtw columns una net1 n icgiuiici iiiuwuy,,, by the community. ' 14 has at all times lmn optional ', , nith The Advertiser, as with Other 1 papers, whether or uot it would obaerve f the ceusorshii) "rules , for contrary to popular belief, the merniiient hie 1' Impose.) no legal ress rieiioos on inn T; press aipi tlie censorship is purely voluntary 011 the imrt of the iMiuers. A NOTICE TOWARINERS M'i"Hti:n IsIhikI Hawiii Island, f Northeast Coast jllilo Bayr-Blondo , tofiiie repaetrdS extiuKoisbed was re- li-htcil OctobOe lib. 1II1S. . f C k (!. H. Chflrts 41Q2, 4103, 4115. ' l.ii'ht list, Psctfiu Coast, 1910, p. v I IM, No. sol Hoov l. st. lHh District. 1017. p. 10. My order of the (oniiuissioiier ot l.iglitbiiuses: A. I). AHI.KDOE. ; Siiieiut lent ..of Lighthouses, I'.'tb Uictritt.