Newspaper Page Text
HAWAIIAN GAZETT &DAY. OCTOBER 18, 1918. -SEMI.tyfcEIO&.
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AMERICA'S FIGHTING ALLIES
Administration Points Out Why,
Even With Increased Production
Arherlca Must Save Sugar
Before the War tha United fclngdom
obtained S4.2 percent of .her sugar sup
ply from Oermiay and Austria-Hungary,
which sources of upW are now, of
roe no e,tiiioatel. Fraar obtained 71.8
perepnt pt bar angar fom horn pro
(lactioa befora th war, now ker home
production is onhr about 28 frcot of
what it formerly' waa. Italy produced
HI. 9 perrtnt of her augar auppty ba
frk t war, but aer praaont home
trodurion ia bow raduced about ona
lalf. Thin aitaatlon, aava an official
bnllotia, haa rnulted in heavy inroals
span tha source of supply, of the Unit
ad Ptatan, itartleutarty Cuba. The fol
lawiag table shows to what ejctaiat the
alHoi now depend upon these sources:
, . anrsKC 1U17
Ssports of osre
flned s a t a r
from our iimusI .
soarvra of suit
Hawaii . ..
Philippine , ... ,
Export of re
from the I lilt
ed Htates 2n.lA7
suirar to al
1,277.717 1. 3X1.000
BotlmateU on tbe basis of the prewnt
Tbe above figures show that the al
Ilea took l,110,7$tf toaa aaore in IS 1 7
from the United State autl her usual
sources or supply thaa tnelannal aver-
M . L . A IfUtfk
tux mtj rvi luu imw
Increaaed Home Consumption '
The War baa brought abont increased
prosperity for a large element of the
community nad has added very greatly
to the purchajting power of the con-
snming public. Demand for sugar hu
increased in response to tbe increased
purchasing power. But sugar is used,
anlike'many ether food commodities, as
a eonstitoeat in so many other food
products that the demand is multiply-
ing i all directions. Condensed milk,
(In long tons of 22
'I 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 I l
1 k gj- '
il r -. -
,-lLL- z I
l-ti - : V
m .. -j i
, 1 1
-rt I t t 1 i i i 'i I r-ir -T-n-i-r i I I t i I I I i 1 I' 1 I 1 cxd
If 3 , M0
candy, soft drinks, canned fruits and
vegetuldits, ire c roll m, flavoring extracts,
chewing gum, swwit pickles, tobacj-o,
honey, wines, ilental preparations,
drugs, catsup, chili sauce, tHike 1 gomla,
and many other edible products, all em
ploy sugar, as 1ho certain nonedible
products, -such as explosives and
Prinlin ts si. 1 ! as coii'lenned milk have
beei: expi.ried in large umifitiua to our
allies ,and the sugar contained therein
is Ihere'dii t lo be eousidered a
eonsi.iiii' I by tue people of the l uit
ed H nte. , b.it tlie eflvi t is lo rieate a
lurge. ,eiii4ii I foi sit-in in this coun
try. In adifition. there lira some other
faetc U i .msid. i. Thi armed loiiaa
of t! e I'm c 1 8tates coi suiiie uiwch
Tuove sni 1, per capita than the liviliuu
pOpM'-'ti"" There irie 1 ousiduiabla
Sinouuts shipiied for Ifelgian relief Jhe
Ked Ooss, Young Men's Christian As
aviation, Knights of t'oluinbus, and
other organizations. Submariues nuuk
about 13,000 tons of sugar iu rhe re
peat ileprodatuiu on our coin I.e
Avalltfble fcuppUea and Reserve
Although our own demamls for sugar
and tbe requirements of our nlliea from
our sources of supply have thus in
creased greatly, the production has nut
Increased correspoudiuly. The follow-
ing table shows this year's production
in our main sources of supply as com
pared with lt year:
Cuba, amount arullulilp
for export iURlW
Hawaii, amount available
for eiuort A BTMI.UOO
Pnrto Klon. attionnt avail
able for export 47M.M1
I nltort States csne IWl.piSI
United States beet NJO.U37
Total 3..VM7tM .vwixr. lleve. the'aituation. The acononiia iise
As the above figures show onlv Cuba ' o'PIlg. facilities la accordance
shows a substantial increase over last J Wltn- our war program wakes it ad
vesr, which is almost balnnced bv de ! visable that we reduce onr sugar eon
creases elsewhere, so that the tot.-.i pro somp'.on and employ shipping for more
duction for these sources nf supply is ' ""'"J?' punoss.
oulv ;!k.(h:i tons above" last seii-on s J Toe OtruflcaU Plan
cro'ii. Moreover, our total receipts of ! The itwtributioa pf sugar for the first
cane sugar from sources outside the niontba of this year amouated to an
United States up to August 17, amount vertige f. ijoufids per capita, or
..i i. ui . imiiiu urarticanv the. avera'ira distribution.
tons less than for the corresponding
Our sugar comes to us in definite sen
son able cycles. The cane sugar of
Cuba. Hawaii, Porto Rico, Philippines,
and other minor sources, is exported to
tnj, Couutry in the period from Jauu
ary to October. Although there is some
- available even as late as December, the
amount is relatively small, rrwm i
tober to January we depend rhief
on our own domestic beet and
cane crops, but it is not until Novem
ber that the beet sugar is available in
the eastern part of the country. To
bridge the gup between the end of. the
arrivals or cane sugar rrom ouisiuo ui
, 1. niunilrv u ml tlA . r r'l t u I , It f ltMtf.
'wr .in....-, w
migar from the western States, we d
pend normally on our refiners' resorve
supply of cone sugar of some :wki,(MMj
tons. Since our shortage during the j
latter part oriast year our reserve stock
has been in a depleted condition. Ke
flners now have only nl.out lu'O.OOO ton
of raw cane sugr on hand, about -ID I
percent of the normal reserve supply,
Had our consumption in the pnt six I
mouths been reduced sufficiently, re
finers' stock might uow have been
large enough to take care of our needs.
of Saw Sugars
4U pounils catli)
Mtf June July Auf Sep'
The churt above compares the weekly
movement ot refiners' stock of raw
augur this year with tbe preceding yeur
buii wiin inr jnewsi events;;. n iuu.t
be noted that the tendency of the mrvo
is to follow the prewar average rather
than the curve of last year. This is a
wholesome temieucv. for stock lust
year were depleted too rapidly aud re
suited in a severe shortage in the inter- !
val between the Cuban, I'orto Rica'l, '
aud Hawaiian cane crops and our do-
meatic beet and cane .-roue. It is a
.,r,k,u f... ti.-. -1 .... 1 1. vssr
have stock, been anywhere near tliose
of the pro war vears or of last vear. At
- - ' - -- - - ...... -
tha latest date, Airgust 10, stocks were
stijl uot much over one half of lust
year's. This alone indicates the neevs
aity tor nonservat jun.
An additional factor which compli
sates our sugar situation is the physical
fiii tor of the geographical extent or
our country. It is possible that there
amy be an oces of sugar in the couu
trv as a whole, anil at the same tune ,
seeie shortages in particular localities
far away from centers of litribution.
It is therefore not oulv necessurv to
make certain of sufficient supi.lies for
the country taken as a unit, lint il is
also ut'eesnary to plan ahead with a
vlaw to having auigaf available la all
Htrta of tha country avea is the fnea of
transortUoB tiiffiettltifa... Thia, af
course, involve bulldiOB tip of larirftr
i storks than usual,
i ProaiMcta For 14UI-1B
VK'ith the sbortaga of labor already ei
isting in the i'nited ft s tea owing to the
demands of the war industries ant) vitk
the praepaets of further infosds under
; tha new nrart regulation, tnere ia aa-
! rious question in the minds ot the pro
' durera of our ilomestic beat and sugar
i ro as to their ability te maintain
the normal rate of production tact eaa
I son. , . . ., , . 7 .
j Tha Shipping Situation ." .
XII of . the foregoing considerations,
however,' would not bring a,baut short
j Rgo in normal times. Sugar coirld be
brought from distant places if the ile
uiand was sufficient to warrant the fl
I nnarial outlay to obtain aupplbrs. In
fnrt, at this time there are soma ftnfl.000
tons of sugar available in Java of last
year's crop, too far awaylo be moved
either to the ITuited States or to the
allies, whirh in ordinary times would
rertainlv have leen brought here to re-
6iee the 'CiWcta plan has. been
la oileration Wd dfirlng the normal
month of heavy dvmestie diatributiok,
the consumption Of sugar bas been cut
down te a point which will permit of
soma ihefeamulatiOn in reserve stocks.
Tha normal distribution of .sugar in
June. July, August, September, And
October, is, WH,006,000 pounds pef
month. Th distribution nndor the cer
tificate plan so far has boen reduced
o about 520,000,1X10 pounds per month.
The Issuing of certificates and control
of the consumption in this way has
been a -gigantic operation carried out
by tha State Food Administrators
throughout the country.
w. a. a.
Between Four and Five Million
To Be Distributed To Plan
I 'In nt h t ion laborers who are now
Hervmn in the Kirt and See o ud lla-
wniinu Infantry regiments
Hhnttcr and Hcholielil Hnrracks, or in
auy other brunches of the army here,
will receive whatever balance is due
them of their bonus to and including tbe
end if the preaent month, this being
an arrangement nuule by the Hawaiian
riutliir Plauters' Aisociat ion.
Tin' bonim rste for the year ending
October 31, 1 !' 1 7, was xevent v-eight
percent, which gave more tlwiu $7,400,
WH to the laborer ss bonusex, and this
yenr the pnyments will total betwoen
4.."ii'i.il() ami .-,.llMl,0(t.
The ii r run genu-nt 11N0 includes a
plan to pay the laborer aho worked
the lequired uiiinber of days per
month from November 1, 1!'I7, to the
time thev were inducted
service, the hoiiu tor the inontiis tney
workc,l, minun aniountH paid them as
The plantations will also deduct
from the amount due anv laborer tnk
en nit, 1 tlie army u II unpaid obliga
tions voluntarily incurred on sccount
of aubxi ript ions to Liberty Hon Is, tho
Red ( rosy ami lor Wur Havings Htams.
When the amount is ascertained it
win i.e reoniici ov uii: .ii.i.... .u
the labor bureau of the Hawaiian fU-
gar Planters' Association slid a set
tlement will the', be made with the
men bv the association.
w. s. a.
NO BREAK COJVIES
IN DfcY WEATHER
There lias been no break in tbe pro
longed dry. warm, sunny weather
throughout the Islands, reports kloteor-
olocist Dninijf rficld of the local atb' j
er Bureau, uniler dute of Octuhes It. '
I Aside from favored section of the Kona
j Districts - and windward' Hawaii, the
I droughty i nn, lit ions w ere beVomlnjt
jsoTtctthet acute at the close of the
week. With the exeepfluu of Hawaii, ,
all of the islands shoued a decline in
rainfall I "'in that' of the precerliU'4
week. While the dry weather has fav-
orei weeii i ng, anil, pcrnnps, cuiiivbihiii.
. it has not been helped otherwise to field
. gnuerallv or to pastures.
By islandsthe average rainfall in
(,, w, . t.Al,,.. H.nii ,0 nr.-
' Maui, 0. 'ti:
Oahu. 0.40; Kauai, O.'JH.
r m. a. a.
casj rs)tsjfiorrt tMnraTinuo
0 ' w" "
I . ? A,s ..r . - Jl ;.' : ?
. p n ' l i-i.peiiiK iiri.ses ui iiui'ii i.ll iw ..
Uiiea- ' rtos-
llsw'S Com I
llnw. Kmks r Co
HoiinkMii Simiir I',,
Hntelilnsun Hnifur C.
(iiiliu Moiriir Co. .
las Hoe- 1 '
iiuoinea ., .' 1 ,,
I'UMUhau Kn-ar 1
, , .,
SUGAR WORKERS IN
ARMY GET BONUSES
"Y" Directors To Meet The board! aid is replenishing supplies at Atlnn
of directors of the V. il ('. A. will , tie seaboard ports.
meet to.lav at noon at the Xuuanu Y.
( M. ('. A. building. This is in accord
a me of their plan of uieetiug at thjl
Nuuauu building ouce each quarter.
This is in accord-
Former Manaaer of Makee Com
pany On Kauai Will Have Much
To Do With Shipments From
F.a tait Archlpelaflo-fhank-1
ed For Services j
George II, Fairchild, formerly man
ager of thoyMakee Sugar Conrfiany, pn
Knunl, and for several years a factor
in the development of the sugar in
dustry in the . Phi)jppiue,s,, has just
been appoikteil a representative of the
Hugnr Cqaaliaatiea Board for the
Philippines, aad will have much to do
with the plans for the shipment of
PhJlppThes Sugars to the outsids mar
kets. He , as also congratulated by
the governor-general for the work he
has done to promote the interests of
A despatch from Washington dated
Kept ember 7, relating te tbe plana for
the movement of sugars from the
Philippine archipelago, 'soys that ar-
raogsuicuts -have been made for the
assignment of "-tonnage to forward E5,
000 tons of muscovados at an early
. The price basis which la to po'vVrn
tbe sale of Philippine sugars until the
new. prircs established , for producers
become effective is understood to be
'6,5$ cents, for W test with a differ
eotial of 'one cent, for, 68 test and a
dad action of 310 cent for each degree
below R6. For each degree above 88
teet, 116 cent is; to be added. t This
basis has .Wan adopted, It . Is nnder
Stood in view of vhe bigh freiglrt
tates obtaining between Philippine and
Atlantic ports, .which made it. impossi
ble for producers to market? their au
gur at 'the price basis heretofore pre
vailing except a a, lieavy loss.
Arrasgoraerits for Movement
In this connection new arrangements
regulating the movement of Philippine
sugars have been worked out by the
food administration in cooperation
with the Insular Government. These
arrangements include the appointment
of a representative of the (Sugar F.quul-
Uatipn Bokrd for the Philippines, for
whirh poet Qeorge H. Fairchiid, of
Welch, Fnirohild and Company, Inc.,1
of Maaita, bas . ben designated.
Shipments of Philippine sugars will
proceed under the direction of the j
food controller, precedence being given I
to stocka in tbe' bands of producers 1
in the Philippines in arranging ship
ments. It is understood that after
producers' needs have bee,n provided 1
1 for, exporters' stocks will receive at-
j trntion, but these will tie turned back j
to the possession of producers before'
j fhey are sold, so that the producers!
I may receive the full benefit of the'
price basis now established, allowance
j being made to the exporters for their
, ex Dense in bandlinc and car'rvinu
stocks. Shipments are to proceed first
from the port of Iloilo iu onUr to
care for the accumulation of muscovado
sugars at that point.
The svstein thus worked out so'ves
the very serious problem confronting j
Philippine producers in view of the im- I
possibility prior to this time of set', I I
. ing their sugtir to this market under
the price basis heretofore in effect,
with the hi nil transportation rates that
Crnit to Fairchiid
Great credit for working nut the
solution now arrived at is asxigued to .
M. Fairchiid, who has been in Wa -h
ington for several months as a repre
strata tive of Philippine producing iu- :
tirests iinri who haa hnd the HllDliort
; , j roo.,er,t,on 0f the Philippine gov
'.rraw.aa. ..nder' the direction of Gov
ernmesM, undevtae direction ot iiov
cnor (iencral llawjaun, in endeavoring
to bring about the satisfactory adjust
I inent of the Philippine sugar situa-
tion. The food administration ia in
receipt ot the following cablegram
from the Governor -General 'a office in
Manila indicating the satisfaction with
which Mr- 'airchi!d' oppointment bus
been received: "
''Referring to telegram from your
onfice of the 20th instant, Tairehild's
appointment as representative rluger
nection with Philippine muscovados is
very much appreciated here, and all
possible assistance will be reudered
bim hy this government to carry out
plans, which mean much prosperity for
A personal telegram from Gnern,,r
Genera) learrison also eonveyed to Mr.
Fairchiid tbe congraf ulatious nf the
i'hilitMiiiie government tor the i, en
i - -----,1---- r, - - 1 - - - -
worr. -fou. bavbeen dowig to pro-
j m,, Philippine interests,
1 N Action on Centrifugals
1 " working out the differential by
which the price basis for muscuvudoa
whs determined, the advice and sug
gsstiona of Horace Havcmeyer are said
to have been relied upon very largely.
No final decision as to the handling
of Phili imiiie centrifucals or ss to the
. . , . ... .
1 i,..-.l uii nu.rn iiiq Till' if. ,u, . , , n , ,
, hss been reaahsrT, aicordin to reports
i here, the preseat arrangement icfer
j ring entirely to muscovados. No ilefi
1 nite announcement has been made as
' to tbe date at which furthsr shipments
I will come fotward aside from tbe 'J5,
000 tons now being provided for, but
it is expected that the sugar now iu
. j . 1 t 1 .. .
I wBieooufes asu in prouuccis niuum 111
the Philippines kill be moved as
I promptly tfs possible, iu order to make
I ronin for the coming crou aud also to
I One shipment of 1430 tons from Ma
nila recently srrived at a Puget Sound
port aud ia now on its way overland
cuusigued to a New York reflueiy.
HONoUiij Vtock excuse
llonoluiii, October 17. ItlS.
MMlii 1X1 ILIC
Alet. A Hnlilwln. Ltd.
C. Urertrvt A In
SI l All
Ewa Plnntstlon Co. .. .,..! ST
Hslkn Hiiviir 'n. ...W...1W
' 7i tt
Haw. A it nil Vk. '. ......IfUVi
Maw. I'. H. Co 4tk t'4 .
Haw. Hoi. CuaV 33 34 I M
Honolulu Knmr Co .1 4i tl
llnnomu Hug. Co. . .....40 no
Kahsku IManlatlon Co.
Keke4ia Missi 1 v.' . . .
Knlne tn" I'o
McBryde Hue. Co., Ltd.
VWhu ItUia. Co. ,,
Olna Hi.g. C.. Ltd. ...
.. n "TV "71
..1 47V t, 47
- , Mr tan i , 1
IHuitnMw Mill I 10
I'ata Plant. Co 135
llJjfl 1 170
J'eissrteo Bug. Co
Ploueer Mill Co
an Carlos Million Co.
Watalna Jfa-rctl. Co. .
Wallukii Hug. Co
"nrtan Ih-v V ' t.M
?l iVi i
Ifnaels ropiier.Mlolntt Col K
(iaiaa r. tr. Co., l'ia .,.1 VI
'fNI r m i t . .i-tMa...
Haw. Cm. Br.' 7 A ...
Haw.-Con. Kr.' B ...
Haw. on. Ujr- Com. ....
4all;iu eJlet'ttV- 4w. .
fla. i Pineapple Co. . ...
Hon. Jl. A M, Co., Ltd. ..
Una. Ma. Co.,, Ltd '
t(n. tt. T. I, Co,
Ioter-1-.laud 8. N. Co. ,.
tut, Tel. Co .
Mahu Hallway 4 L. Xe, .
l'snsiif Kunber Co. .
tetania-Uiniiiuks. V. ;
raajoutf OUU KabtMW Ce. tSs..'. .
' ttONn I j
Liberty hoati tl 104T. .! ' 88
Llhertv Loaa 1st 4 1IM7
Lean find 4 XIH2.
Ub. Loan lnt"4V; 1047,
Lib. Loan 2nd 4 1WJ '
Lib. I-on Srcl 4(4 1WH.".
Ueach W. I. U. 5 ....
Hauiakiia IMuh Co. VI ,..
Ill, Con. Ry. 5
Iluw'n Irr Co.. tta .'v.-i'.'
Haw Tr 4 IWf.
(law. Ter. 4 Pub. Iniua.iltM
Haw. Ter. Pub tmp4
aerlea 11112. 1913)
Haw 'i.-rr'l ...
llllo (las Co.. Ltd.. 0
HoioiKna Mitf o V
Hon. OaA I'n, Ltl.. Ah
Kauai Ry. Co.. Aa
Manua I. L . liS'c
.M.-lir.vile.SiiRar Co . bo
Milt. Tel. r
lahn It. ft L. Co..
flullll SllK Co., OV,
liaa Sncar Co . , . . .
I'Ni-.iii: (luauo ft K. t'o.,
ao arlo Ulllln(. 0
..I ! 7
.. lSi inu
Mi Itrvilc-l.Vl. M.'iO; Ulua. 13, list. (1.75 :
I'lncs. I.'i. 44 JO; Wulalua. Sl no. 100. 00. 0.
JUOO; UKKI Kaiml Ky. 6 1UU.20.
June . 101"
mialysla bseu (no Jilvti-mi
UU Cent, (for Haw.) Uugkrs fOM
Oct. 11. 101H
SlnKUiore : 27.70
Son lork (No quotation).
w. s. a,
NEW YORK STOCKS
M:W YDIIK. (Irtober IS I Associated
I'rnss) Following are tbe opening and
ii.iutf 'inflations of atoi-ks In tun New j
Wirk Msrket yesterday
.Vlnel lean H.s-1
A -so. Inteil ifll
Alllerieail l.ocolnollve . ..
American Tel. ft Tel
l -M' 4 '
; American Smelter
' American Uteri Kilry . . .
1 Hh It I more A (Ihlo
ItetlileLem Htei-I "If .
California Petroleum . ...
! Conn, llun Paelhe
, C. M. a Ht. I'uul
' Colo Fuel & Iron
Cuba Kuiiar Cane
Kcle coininoii .
(ii-neral Motors (new I . ..
International Kl. ki-1
luieruatloual Harvester ,
1 U'hllth Valley Hallway .
New York Central
I Hay Coiisolldeteu
Kcpublican Iron common
, Southern I'ttcllfl
; Cub. a 1-aeltlc
: I iiiltf.1 Slates llnbl.cr . .
, Tesua Oil . .(.
1 I l.lleil. Statist Htis-I
I Wusteru I nlou
W. S. a.
MISS TENNEY IS
i REGULAR SOLDIER
j The status of 11 regular soldier baS
been conferred upon Miss Wilhelmina
' leiiuny, dauuliler of Mr. and Mrs. K.
I. Teui ey, and Miss .Ui Drundred,
both of Hon,, lulu, iu a recent order
iieta;lii tin m to an advanced aviation
'ati ,n to caiiv on Kud Cross work.
'I'h is 1 cutisnlerud an innovation, aud
is .1 signal Inner to bo conferred upon
ithe lii Island iiU. Miss Tenne.V
uritc that l c cupeeied the new work
o ibl tn';e them pretty well up towaVd
the f : 011 nf the American lines tin the
, Western Flout.
j They are subject to all that ,pierfcnu
j Kxpc.t:':nn.'irv Force reptilnt ions. Miss
J Teiinev was about to leave f o ' home
' v lieu this new assigniuCnt s made,
. Mrs. W. K. Vunderhllt being purtly
I responsible lor the cbauco,
TO BE HARD
Disruption of Es'sehtial Enferprise
Should Be Reduced To Minimum Is .
Spirit 'of Regulatibns Observed; '
.. : -
1 the suirit and Drovislona Of thai
-tt '; i.. ..i-'ii-L-1"
WHiTOTfl wtjiTiro rvifUiMiluua pn trv
fotth, particularly with refereace to de
ferred classifications in the Island' sg;
ricufttiral enterprisca, are observed by
the district boards under advice Of the
advisory boards, the disruption of suth
Ammm I . I wvlnitllnval .n.l In.ln.t.l
enterprise as the production and mann
factre 0 sugar should be reductul o
miui '"""I"""' ' w""
nary increase - of ' the fighting forces
of the Nation.
This ia the general .summary of 'ail
nnJyais of the neleetive aarvice rogv'o.-
tiosa. with nartleiilar reference to the
tloas, with partleular reference to the
coming registration oa October 26, and
1 bow it will affect the sugar Industry,
I which has been received here from
I Washington by Msj. H. Gooding Field,
eleeive draft officer.
Decided on Merita
. v4ry individual claim of an agrt-'
cultural employe for risferred classifica
tion -following the registration of men
under the V Man Power. Act" on Octo
ber wil be decided upoji Its merits;
and the local boards and the district
board will act as rapidly as possible to
give,ha, classification, to be rag intra at
and is. hja status Without n necessary
delay. This will be of extreme value
to the sugavr plantations as it will give
them all an opportunity to determine
just how tley stand with refereace to
future labor supply for the cultivating
of their next crops.,.
. It must be shown, however, as already
outlined In The Advertiser, that the
claimant la especially fitted for the
work .ho is engaged in, and also tbat he
is Irbsolutely necessary to the enterprise
with which he is associated.
Maj. H., Gooding Field is to receive
the cooperation, of tha labor burtxtq of
the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Associa
tion to facilitate tbe handling of such
questions. The bureau will send cards
to plantation agencies containing the
questions that each registrant Is re
quired, to answer, to give, the workers i
.,..! it v 1o trTl'Sn it,J,..r,i. tfri
". . .. '. . i "... V.
registration nay. tach worker will tnttu
know just what questions he is to an
swer and about how ha abould answer,
so that upon presenting himself at a
registration booth, be will save time
for himself and the registrar.
KosponalblUty of Employers
tThe Washington correspondent of
Facts About Sugar, writing from Wash
ington September 24, gives a granhie
sumqtafy of the uow drafXjxgulations
concerning sugar employes anil de
ferred classifications us follows:.
Kxaminatiou of the revised selcctivo
service regulations which will govern
the classification of men registered un
der the aew eighteen to forty five" ago
limits shows that they ' present so
mr.ny features important to the vuri
ous branches of the sugar industry that
a presentation of the principal changes
made should be of interest to those
who may not have followed them iu
That acquaintance with at least the
bioud outliues of the regulations, ou
the part of employers especially, is
cou.Hidered important by the war de
partment authorities is indicated by
the notice seut out by Provost Mar
shal General Crowder calling upon them
In cooperate with the draft authorities
in tbe inntter of deferred classified
tions for Industrial reasons, and sug
gesting tbat thev charge themselves
mora systematically than hitherto with
the responsibility of making deferment
claims for their employers. Iu order
to carry out this resprusibility intel
ligently it is nncessary that employers
-bonld' be acquainted with the rg
Utlons. Mo xiaaent Of BktU
That tbe prpsluRtioii of food Is, bu-
-voiid ilnlibt. a "nflrHimrv" fi.'i-utiiit.ii.n
1... VI. 'j ...m.i- .1...
. oa . wspu maoe wuicivuii cicar aim
it l also appareut that uaintenauce
0.f the, supply of !uar, one of tbe
most eaeentlal. pi roodluns, ta a vital
factor. With regard t,o ihe question
of what classes of .employes are, to
be, considered aa coming within the
defirjjtion of tbe term "necessary",
the most important change affecting
the industVy is that stated as follows
jo, ')h& Manual for Lt'gal Advisory
Boards, Issued by the provost marshal
Attention Is called by the fact that
as to necessary laborers or
workers in necessary industries, occu
pations or employments, Including agri
culture, the element of skill has been
eliminated from tbe revised regula
Old and Itew Wording
This is appareut from a comparison
of sectious 83 and 87 of tbe old and the
new regulations. The word "skilled"
which appeared in these sections in the
old regulations, has been omitted and
replaced by the phrase " especially fit
ted fur ths work in which be is eu
gaged." The new wording of these
sectious is as folloWs:
Beet ion N:t. ("lass II (continued)
Agriculture. Rule XX. In Class II
shall, be placed: (e) Any registrant
found to be engaged u a "necessary"
agricultural enterprise, and found to
be "ueeeaaary" to such enterprise in
the caplicity of farm laborer
peciaiiy niieu ror tne worn in wineii
lie is eiignve.l.
Heetiou N7. (Mass II (eoul niued I -Industry,
occupation, or employment.
Rule XXIV. In Class H shall be
placed: Auy registrant fuuud to
HIT BY DRAFT
b engaged in a "aocasaary'' Indus.
!trr. or occupation, or employment, and 1
.... . . .. .. I
capacity of a laborer, worker, or em- 1
f,loye, especially fitted for the work I
n which lie is engagtvl. ;. ' I
. 11. T a I
eiamiflcation of rfuy registrant found I
; uiner sociions praviav tor peierrea 1
to be "noccssary" to " necessary "1
industry or agricultural "enterprise as I
ialkl ...fuaiiilA nf 1. T ri ittftnimip A
to as tba sole directing bead. Ia av
essary industries, highly s)ierialixsd ex
perts are also deferred. the woru
Boe, 16 to 18, Inclusive.
I .. .1 ', . ..
eeeasary" Is elaborately denned in
t Th -clim.n.tio, of tbe' elemcit of
skill in farm and indiistruil laborers is
apt to be overlooked for the. reason
that tha questionnaire still uses ' tha
word , 'aklllod" in describing Class TI.
This expUlned by a memorandum
appearing oa page 208 of the revised
regulations, which ytates that the ques
tionnaires waa , printed before ...the
amendment by congress which led to
the revision 0 .this particular regula
tion. This explanatory memorandum
particularly directs that the claim
that a registrant ia engaged In a
"necessary" agricultural enterprise
and Is 'necessary" thereto ia the ca
pacity of. a farm laborer especially
fitted for the work in whirh he la en
gaged, should be made in Division 0,
Class II, on page one of the question
naire. This is where the- word
"skilled" stilt appears 00 ths face of
the questionnaire. A similar direction
Is given for the claim that the reg
istrant engaged In a necessary indus
try, or oce.upatiou, or employment, is
"necessary" ia the capacity of a la
borer, worker or emploYe, especially
fitted for .the work in which he is en-
Provisions Tot AjWlsors ',
Another important (cature of the
new regulations is the provision for
the aiMwiintroent of three. advisors for
rh 'Utrit lard, one to be nominat-,
cl bv the dopartujent of, labor: one by
L .f rlenlturn Ana
' """". .. ,
by the district boa,rd. It is particular- '
ly made the business of the latter ad- -.
visor to bring to the attention of tha
district lioard the question as to whethy v.
er or not individuals engaged in some
particular industry, occupation, or era. .
ployment are so necessary thereto a ,
to 'outweigh the benefit of tbe nation -'
should thev be drafted in the army, J t.
The advjsors are further directed
coufor with persons engaged In varV-.
oua Induatries for the purpose of hav-!
ing rases f individual registrant f.
considered even though no claim for A'
deferred classification hss been made i .
bv the registrant himself. (Hectionj
The right of appeal lias also been , -j
broadened by the inclusion of a pro- t
vision that the provost marshal general )
msy .take au appeal whenever ,it is '
brougbto his attrution bv any lersoa '1
that the decision of a district board
' iliMrlv prrmieiiuH or ill disregard of -"'
tho spirit or provisions 01 tne regu-(. ' ,
lotions. . ,-; '
TO BE RESUMED
Publication of shipping news, as it .
coiu'orns the movemeuts of merchant' f
vessels in the Pacific, will be resumed
; 1-v The Advertiser, probablv tomorrow ;
morning, following authorisation ro-
ceived yesterday, from the government..
The Committee of Public Infqrnia-
ation sent ant yesterday through tts V
i.c , I ...I-..!...... Mn.'t -
.. ... kuf ,1,. niiKltnlinn ttf
lull Iiiririiiniv , ..u u. ..-.... w ,. .
. . . " m.
shipping news wss to be resumed, inn
Advertiser eonveved this information ;
T'li.lmuster VacAdani and (!onimo
j v- - .- -
dore Mahan, local oQIcials in charge
of the censorship. Both aaid they bad v
rcecivod no omcial advioes as vet aad;
asked that, publication of shipping';
news be suspended until they could T .
eommunii ate with Washington and get
continuation of the authorisation of ':
the Committee of Public Information. '
in coiiiormiiv witn us nan r wi ir-
rying out the requests of the 'govern- i
roeiit plrleials, The Advertiser, which ;'
has scrupulously 'observed the volnu-
tary censorship rules, acceilivl to tneir 1
ivqiu-st, but hopes to be 'l to lur- .,
nlsh its readers tomorrow the shippiugr
news aiiseuce or wnua irinii mtw
columns una net1 n icgiuiici iiiuwuy,,,
by the community.
' 14 has at all times lmn optional ', ,
nith The Advertiser, as with Other 1
papers, whether or uot it would obaerve f
the ceusorshii) "rules , for contrary
to popular belief, the merniiient hie 1'
Impose.) no legal ress rieiioos on inn T;
press aipi tlie censorship is purely
voluntary 011 the imrt of the iMiuers. A
M'i"Hti:n IsIhikI Hawiii Island, f
Northeast Coast jllilo Bayr-Blondo ,
tofiiie repaetrdS extiuKoisbed was re-
li-htcil OctobOe lib. 1II1S. . f
C k (!. H. Chflrts 41Q2, 4103, 4115. '
l.ii'ht list, Psctfiu Coast, 1910, p.
v I IM, No. sol
Hoov l. st. lHh District. 1017. p. 10.
My order of the (oniiuissioiier ot
A. I). AHI.KDOE. ;
Siiieiut lent ..of Lighthouses, I'.'tb