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Pioneer and Democrat. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory [Wash.]) 1854-1861, March 08, 1861, Image 2

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025141/1861-03-08/ed-1/seq-2/

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' 4., m influenced civil mug?
‘ . Aufilflmdid nun if we hire}
, ‘ WMEWpretnlion of Mr.
' WWW doctrine! of the ‘
“I ‘ 'B‘puhlim pnny. - .
WM“: puny have always been t
Wynn]! pod tuhoagh were Were!
MM ll lumh,sbout uVV
W quw'oa u to wars the consti-, 5
tntionnl rights of both Korth and South l
rhould be recognilcd in an incohnntc gov;
rrnrneut, whether ns t Territory, or whenl
About to assume Slnth suvcruigxrty,‘_\'ct llu {
Dcmomt hu ever dvnied oqnnl right: to;
the South in the Tcrritorius. We lliU'L'
respected, Ind do rcspccl the Constitution i
We have published übnre the doctrines thinl
I. nudidly believe hue hronghl nhout tlicl
prucnt criticnl state of ufluirs. Do thaw"
not repel the charge of Senator Seward,i
tht nhm mimpresented hlni? Thesel
doctrines mm to u: no bitter, their send-l
hm“ no hostile to the Union um] Cowl-1
tattoo, that langungo of an opponent will
fat! to intensify then. It in not Inrpriaingl
that the Booth should be alarmed at the
manual. Invocation of n Republic-n.
This in the language that tho North hue
Ind had hard for yenra, end by these
Iluldntlonn ll elected, by the North awn,
, will”! a n'lwk drawn! rule from Mr rnulh,
vlthonthdn‘lo vote or nny kind in ten
Stat-I. u northern President, on n northern
phflotl, by northern votes Alone. Return
to the Constitution, Ind all yet may be
_ . <.> _
Butt-mum Consul—While the
Winn gr. so nntpnrlagtl thoir denun
dith- ofou enlng W of the South.
‘ “NM In thelr lam lnvoctlu, they ob-
My relic. to either listen to any prop
, the, or propose anything, {or “tiling
.- ~ Hotels. In the an narrow lpirit
of“! pirtluuhip that fumed their
WW phtfml, they helltnto to
W 4t Although it certainly will
plantation-m, hm thohorronolcivll
var allow-mint town-t tn
, Mi, Nuke, tho Roy-lu- Bhr;
qumwzmmn we: '
aunt-am d MMhufidt worthy ot
tho hou- by: n! Hobgoblin; M. up
that pull- shew on the eltu oi
mowi- ..’,.- w. ww.
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5-" VII-9061mm.» 6mm olits fea
tuu “Minimums. Thole, re
“and in tin M’- dacoanter proposition,
“‘9‘ My Will. have commuted
my“ awn Wu."
M “kl-mm to 3 Republican
“ti-unmet the Republican: "rum (0
”Wk“ “filmdlimt from like Union
haw Bantu Slave Slam, nlthougn u
“h WOO 4 ”in“: mks, a would Am
ilavi to a villa-cu. -
W‘— ‘
—-So-e correspondent of the Oregon‘
‘ Slum.- gently equ- himself of some ob—i
jot-him to out remarks on Mr. Glrficld'si‘
Ipoeeh, and In rhonld infer from the touel“
0f the communicntion that the writer ntu-i'
“in. lqnuther wvereignty as paramount“
The Union seem: to link into insignificulce I
in comparison. Dues not the writer know ,1
ant Mr. Don‘t... himself, so a manner that“
ho- don. him credit u n patriot, uys thrill]l
5‘ i! Vining to let u if he had never given I
I you or made A speech on the subject Yli
h 'o'! “when, give as ”thing that mli !‘
be mutually utidnctory th‘tho Noilh nndl‘
b:outh. We will beautiaflud with its jnsiS
taco. If Popular sovereignty, then Wellir
“d Md: [o' it little hecomea any pntriot I‘
n the PM“ ““10 to offer his narrow purlE
fly" u n old-u... 5!
we- __ I
. . Lincoln Ina to have left Spring
field for Wuhington on the llth inst. i:
waned. E
-—.\lesm. De Lacy, Blankenship ond‘i
i‘uckwood will start out next Monday, to
explore the Xisqnully Puss lying moth of
Mount Ruinier. This pass ‘H thought to be‘
lower and better than any other. Mr.
Pnchwood lins nit-endy niude an explurn-i‘
tion, though sometime since. I
Mr. James Lodge will deliver n lrctitrc,
on next Friday evening before the .Up‘icnn‘
Literary Assoeintione Subject—livery do; .
Life. {
The California Assembly have endorsed,
the Crittcuden-Dougltui-Breckiuridge com
promise, thst is the compromise measures‘
of Mr. Crittenden, and the course of lilc‘
lother two summon in opposing coercion. i
i -—The oflcers oi the army here are loyali
ito the Constitution. We hear of cool
Southerner's philosophical view—that ht
hardly thinks that he'll resign until he as
certuius certuinly tbut lie thus can boiler
discharge his duty to his God and himsellfl
—Flour has ndveuced 25 cents per ber
rel in Sen Frenciseo. Wheat is quoted at
$2 pEr 100 lbs.
—We notice some difl‘erencc of opinion
in relstlon to our right of collecting tnxes
from American citizens on San Juan Island.
The Secretary of Stnto sustains Governor
McGlll's docision,-thst noitlicr we nor the
English government have n right to collect
taxes from cilia British or Americun sub~
jects on the disputed territory.
——Jsmes O’Meera, Eeq., one of the late
Brechiurldgo electors in the Slots 0! Ore»
gun, repudiatea the Pseiflc Republic repre
uuttstives at Washington in his paper, the
Oregon Sentinel.
-—Aro you n Republican? Read the
Intimate that Mr. Seward hes all his life
mpreeehing. They will be found in nu
' . "I'm- 3
lid—Extensive silver mines hsve been dis.
covered, it is thought, on Ony’s river, W.‘
‘l'. _ The excitement which commenced
emotion. since, he been renewed. Our
correspondent speslts lsvorabiy or them.—‘
Their extent and richness, es yet. are only:
cow-re. Fortunately, reports con “i
verified or relited with but little expense or
mitigate no'ss or life. ‘ j
, ,9th was proposed to have s grand their,
Mllslll u Washington, to be the most
negoileeht one ever given. When the
South ’l‘ turned into” s drlltlngground,
i “cry 0 n a re: 1: margin
:thlugnr onions—whoa civil wer hangs like,
notght fog our the lend-we can hurd~
ijsee the cause 'of lestivlty. The taste is
with join. ~ ~‘
mmjw Judicial mono Court
nests in Hoods}, cw multira
dets‘ynsfltngt -- 'Aleeh 0. Slith, Faq.,ts
[Meeting Attorney. ' '
. ,-,--The, reports from the mines in the Nez
Peres country,‘eoutlnae good. '
foe—on: correspondent from the Yeksmn
nil-y will hesnloome, whenever he writes.
Wodepsrt fro- onr rule this time in refer~
cites to: publishing anonymous communion
tioos, paths mutter warrants it.
”all: Donated speech which we present
mmwufiowhn strong slot-t egninst
cableiou «me when! Minion. w.
Mimi, WW Mr. Milli. We
Ali-k “tough. its“ .II for,” holding and
finding our Fm end Gfluumeut prop
erty, luvs-ts" no'otheroptloe than to do it
at every‘eeet “dispense.
~Tskss has disappointed the faint hopes
tht'tt Hero ruined by the report of the Union
meeting et Austin. She passed no ordi
nnmi of Once-ion by an overwhelming mn—
jortty. Mas seemslndispesed to join the
Wt Wench—seething inclined
torn-w the days of the "Republic of the
“Star." . ,
——Wo feel nfely justified In pledging the
warm support 0! the people 0‘ Washington
Territory for Criltenden’s compromise reso
lutions, Btu as our expression of opinion
is concerned. Although we have no voice
in netionsl ailnirs, yet we are allowed the
privilege of expressing our warm and ear"-
out devotion to the Union, and its preser~
vetion by 8 just and honornhlu compro
mise. . ’
——Bnoxnn Common—The Vancouver
capitol hill. ,
-—Geuernl Luna introduced a bill into
the United States Senate, providing for
defenses for the Columbin river. \Ve sadly
need I l‘ew keys of that kind, to look 'our.
doors on lhe Columbia and Puget Sound.
—Mr. Seward has presented a memorial
from the New York Chamber of Commerce,
praying for the establishment. of steam com
munication between California. and China,
by Honolulu, we presume. The Pacific is
much more favorably ndupted for stolm A
navigation than the Atluntic. If we could
only get rid of the sluvery question we
tould have our quota of legislation. The I
discussion of it has kept us back ten yenrs. v
“to Pacific coast all this time have been 1
standing respectfully outside the doors of |
Congress, lint in lintni, waiting for them to
get done with their "irrepressible conflict." 5
"" " " me.._.,,_. i
Social Ball at \Vnslsiugtou Hall /;
Il:|23p)~:iumu..ltvnes. Kelly-it, Blackshur. Tirkets 'L
. o'cloth‘.‘ ruminants. LIDGIBK to common“ at?
Amn’ Armies—We were pained to sec,‘
not long since, in the Urrguiiin, a whole
sale denunciation of army olhccrs, accusing‘
them of incompetcney‘nnd “"‘l‘illlUS‘lliJSfl—r
lalihougli in another column of the sme
istnc was a letter from a Italics corn-spun
‘dcnt warmly eulogixing the oiliecrs at thatl
‘pmt l'ni' their prinnphim nnil cliivienvy in
Ithe Unttcr creek nll‘air 'l‘hni actions conA,
lti'adiet the editor's hard \vuriis, Again
lwere we astonished to see an anonymous
icorrcspondcnt in the Times charging Majorl
lGrier w ith (nirnriiirr, the gravest chargei
'thnt man can 'make against man, and the’
most cruel “lieu done in this way-iu the
dark, Major Grier is a gallant soldier—
lhaving seen long and active service on the
lfranticr and battle field, And though the
lTimrs now admits the charge to he fulsc,;
lyet “hat reparation is that? Many will
see the charge that never see the denial ——
We enter our earnest protest against such
publications, for the sake of the decency of
journalism. When we are forced to act,j
from convictions of opinion, in opposition
to the military,_wo can do so as a matter of
right, but in the mean time, let us cherish
' towards them a. kind and cordial feeling _.
Next to the Press, the olficcrs, constantly
travelling, make us known to the world.—
Oar interests, while they are in our midst,
are identical. The support of many citi
lens depends upon the posts, and the army
furnishes a market for much of our pro
duce. We are all America citizens, and
as such, have kindred sympathies, which
should not be’ntilinated by falsehoods based
on prejudice.
The record of Major Grier is far above
aspersion, it was made on the battle field.
We find, edit-tally, that he was breveted
Major “for gallant and meritorious conduct
in the battle of Santa Cruz do Rosales,"
and since the time of his cadetahip in 1811,
he seen constant and arduous services.
firWe wereyiaaoh pleased with the ad
dress of Elwood Evans, Esq, before the:
Olympic Library Amoelution, on last. Fri
day evening. His subject—" Washington;
Torritory—Jteiuducemeuts tn immigration”l
—was well considered, and produced a 1
feeling or pddo and eatisloctioa in mi
mlnds of his‘ hearers, that our Territory-l
was Indeed- a good country, and that alll
who settle auto-[u can, if they will but,
try, mate to themlvel comfortable Ind
happy homes. We sincerely wish that thel
legmmhtcnjndfadt-lnden who are oc-f
canonally nut 'irlth' hotels; at; “emidall
have been there and heard that speech, for,
we must ooaleas that we came away with a
better opinion of onrself for having adopt
ed this country as our home. We would
be much fused to see his speech in
print, in or er that it might be circulated,
among our frledds in the States; it is too
long, however, tar we publish in the Pioneer.
His suggestions as: to the duty of the Li
brnry Association in the collection ald pres
ervation of all Eubllc doeuments and papers
pertaining tot e settlement and advance
meat of the country, .in order to prepare
its history in the future, were entirely prop
er, and we doubt not will be duly consid
ered'hy the Association. *
————o~.~o——_. ’
,/ ' OLYlfl'lA, March 6, 1861.
Editor of Pioneer and Democrat .-
Bu:—Mr. Garflsge, in his answer to
my mhaanot .d a single statement
mode by no. He arranges his reply under
alas heads, Thqfim is a discussion of my
motives. but does not deal with the fact
which I hove stated. In the second, he
acknowledges having recelved various sums
on private deposit, “at the urgent solicits ’
tions of the parties,” and alleges that it is no
fault of his if the public have not the Mine
confidence in me. lam not a “cotdidaaca”
man. and certainly do not want such touch
ing proofs of confidence as privste deposits,
without security orlaterest. One thing is
sorely avhlent, that although the urgent so.
llcitutione a! the theainduced him to re
ceive the money, the most urgent solicita
ilions have not induced him to refund it.
i If, as stated undeé‘his third head, a pri
vate deposit was so -ient to induce him to
protect the depositor, an honest settler,
‘rrom jumpers, what would be the elect on
the honest settler when thejumper was the
The fourth head needs no answer.
In answer to his statement under the
fifth head, I. will again state that the Re
ceiver and I notified him, in several cases,
that we were ready to issue certificates on
the payment of the money.
In the case of David Parker, who depos
ited S4OO with Mr. (.larfielde, we stated
that the survey and receipt were on file in
this olfiee. This letter was handed by Mr.
Butler Anderson to Mr. Garfieldc, who
promised to pay in a day or two, but has
never done so. If 'I have misrepresented
Mr. Anderson, let him speak. I again re
t'er to Messrs. Anderson, of Cowlitz, Bur
bank, Van Vleet, Van Cleave and C. C. i
Terry for the truth of my statements. ll
The claims of the parties have generally 1
been placed in the hands of attorneys, for i
collection, by the con/illingpub/ic, who are .
not disposed to await the instructions from 4
the Commissioner. .
Since my first communication, I have I
learned from Mr. Gilmore Hays, that S3OO
was paid by Mr. Putnam Ilays on private t
deposit, of which there is no record on theft
books of the land oilice. ‘t
I leave the author of the orphan boy ‘1
story to the fate which awaits him, when t
in the slow progress of events Mr. Gir-lt
lltlde sees fit to expose him. Ido not my-le
sclt‘ believe a word of the story, and mll;a
be glad to see the author dragged to light.!
Isaac W. SMITH, [itgislcr 'v
Letter from llou. A. R. Burbank.
IIDN'T'ACBLLO. Feb. 27, 1300- :
L'n'ilur I’imm'r and L'smmml: ‘
Sink l ~u- tlut .\lr. (Liriietilc, in hi»! reply in your
pup. r of llil‘ i-'.h l-‘i-iirunry, l! tn“ tun-d of Mr. inuufi
\\. Ninth. {ll'glili rof the Imml villi-o, sockst by “ler
mom trunnion: oi furl: nnd murcruliuns. to cost ro-.
iii-vii ill-l npnn the in ling.“ ll to my r~tuit~mcnt mudc ti;
m» Jimmy u. ii..~ (”J-s: u: .‘rlr. (xx-my. m an...“
Wit.) Acting ih‘ iigrni. tu lugin'ul' rcrt mi mun.“ vthu lil
m».- hymn-. 1 by Mr. (:m-i-y with in. (inrtielde for n
piv-i'mptiun Llnini. Mr, linxlicldr n'i‘l it'llit'llilli‘l' lhut‘
on My: first rim-iv utinn to him to icinnd Mi'. l'rcccy,
‘liis money, mt Mr. t‘icw-y could not poy {us the lundl‘
l--::n'iy, lzi: (Mri G.) pininiwd nu: to hnm‘l or my it,
muzr in the [hunter on Ihr nmrlut'. thc nuiunui due:
)Ir. Creecy. and unit l could.thcn cull lor the name. I
l ’l'liiv nix-my [Al' full") lo pay as he said he was“; hy
vmivini.V the mlltor until he could hour from the Com
-nii~sionrr of the General hum] Ollii 1- nt \l'nxiiiugtun
li‘iiy. iiiiiuu-qucully‘ he on'ured to gm- me the many,»
twutcr the land. plot ided the Regisu'r would receive
lit, in Mr. (inrilcldc states in n-ply. I told him that I
rr-nlni‘d t'ic lit-gim-r ivunhl not thus ion-ire it, fur
ho Inn! Muted that his instructions were sgninnt such
dogwiu. _ 1
u it will be seen, that on thin point, the Regiawrs
curd in quit: true. ‘
Thu int cunvcrrntinn with Sir. Gnrlicldc by me, Nth.
when he Ullt‘ri'd to give mu the money to enter the‘
hind Willi, nnd was on the Ist of l-‘ulsrnury. und uflcr
‘ the 1,1!” of the Reuiuter‘s rurd. the list Jnnusry. ‘
l With reference to the origin of tho lh-ginter‘u (‘XlriL‘
‘or itd Plll'jtkt matter, 1 ncwr knew or now Anything nl'i
lit, further thun Mr. glllllll'S'J3dn‘ thnt“sinu |ir.l
liiuriicldo inn] cut ri-tlcnliun upon him in spuhlic
npcerh, he thought it wnu dun: himself to Inukc n il“~‘
fume. and give the public the fut: in mfercnu to the
cucu of deposits mods by lnnd cloimsnu with uni
tiarttchie, nnd his oflivinl l‘nudlll'l. “urn-with." ‘
si} convnrsntiunu nilh hir. (iarlleldu were strictly
uprrnbnsiuc in, an agent for one of my cunntilucntu.‘
sud nu lnr us the molivcs of "politicAl butchery." eith
eron tho purt of Mr. Smith, u known to me, ur my»
si-lf, lentcr nu indignant protest Agninnt this innnncr‘
of evading nn tune, by nhirklng the main question—
tho only quontion we were concerned ln—tlic question
of my Bllll'liillt‘l’ild (inllnru and cents. Menu”. Yun
Viect of Clark. Torry of King. nnd others, on the
some groundn, might be occumd of "politic-i butch
er ." m we sit hnd aiinilnr claims Igninst Incur
flcl’dc, lost winter. It (ll
cs ct on".
W Lyn, nununxt’.
- «00——
From the Puget Sound llcrnld, Much 1.
Olympia the Capital.
The good people of Vancou ,us we
noticed hut week, hovo laughed over the
success of the Clurko county delegation in
hsving the Capital removed to that place;
it is now the turn of the good peeplu of
Olympia. to luugh It the signal defeat of
the measure designed to take from them the
Capital. By s singulnr omission, which we
attribute to the huts with which it was
prepsred snd forced through the Louisia
ture, the set to remove the Capital to Van
conver is not a law, and therefore is of no
effect. Unfortunately for Vancouver, the
vitsl part oi the act—B: it enacted by (In
Izgidals'tv Ausubly of Ms Territory of.
Washington—ll omitted. Without this:
chimel there is nothing to show that the nct
was psased by the Legislslure of this Ten.
ritory; for ought the world might know to
Ihe coulrsry, it was part of the proceed
ings of tho Legillsturo of South Carolina,
or of ”donor something gotten up by
Munro. Shale: and Hobbs (or their own,
umuscmeut. For the benefit of our rend
era, we print the bill precisely u itroceived
tho sign-torus of the pruiding officers of
. tbs chiflutum— .
'ro nwaumx mum ms sun or «oven
um von 'I'Hl rsnnrronr or wasuiuu-rou.
Scc. 1. From snd alter the psssage of
this out, the Sent of Government for the
Territory of Wuhington shall bu and re-1
mniu at the city of Vancouver, in Clarke
.county. ‘
Sun. 2. The Capitol Commissioners are
hereby empowered and directed to locate
the grounds snd erect the Capitol buildings
thereon, at the city of Vancouver accord
ing to the instructions from the Go’srnmc t
of the United States and the laws of this
Territory in relation thereto. \
Sac. 3. The present session of the Leg,
islnturs shall remain at Olympia, until the
close thereof.
[Passed -—-, ——,] .‘ .
Spmh‘i‘of (In Home 3 Resrueunlim.
Prudent of the Kama!
Unqnostloushly, in this shspo, it is no
law; tho omission of tbs unscting clause be
ing fatal. The laws locating the Universi
itiy and Punitoutluryu passed on the some
= y, gltln,ulll clunss,'snd their provisions
will, therefore, at the propul- time. be cur
lried into eflsct. As it lacks the essential
(£l3lin of olsw, we presume the Capital
' at will not npposr unionfie the printed
,slatuies cnscted by the lust gthum; at
least, we con nos no propriety In giring it
a plscu where it does not belong. This,
however, is n qluostion to be decided by the
Executive of t u Territory.
We congratulate the people of Olympis
and of the Sound upon the fact that the
next Legislature vrill meet in Olympilfiu
usual. We think we‘but echo the senti
ment of the voters of this county when we
soy the Capital should never, under any
circumstances, be "lured to leave the
Sound, and we rrjoice with them over the
defeat of the schemes to take it to Colum—
bin river. -
‘ Pnrsusut to notice, 5 meeting was held
in the town at Olympic, on the evening of 1
Tuesday the sth of March, for the purpose
of making urnngements to secure an im
mediate examination of the Nisqsally Puss, ‘
and the route south of Mount snier. A
[urge numbsr of citizens were present, all 1
of whom took grunt interest in the pro- I
cecdings, and were sanguine on the subject |
of an earl y and successful exploration of I
the puss. '
On motion, the meeting being called to i
order, Elwood Evans, Esq, was elected i
chairman, and Bich’d Lane secretory. The ‘
chairman having announced the object of I
the meeting. 11 communication from Wm. k
Puckwood, Esq , addressed to the Editor“
of the Pioneer and Dcmocrnt, dated July, , s
1859, giving an account of A trip ucrossly
the Nisquully Puss, wns rend. l
Messrs. Puckwood nud Blankenship were!
cullod upon to give all information they
could on the subject of the practicability
uf opening a route through the Nisqually M
Pass. The vnlunhlo information given by It
these gentlemen wont to show that there P
was every reason to believe that this routes“
:ould be made nvunlnble for a puck trail at p‘
i comparatively light expense. u
Messrs. . Barnes, Wsrbuss and Frankel ‘_
were nppomted A committee to solicit sub-i:
ficriptions to [it out n commission of three
:ur more persons, as they might see lit. Suit]
ionnnisuinn to stnrt at its early is day as
,practieuhlc, and proceed through the Nis
'qnully pass to Fort Sitncoc, or at least a
lpnrt of said commiziioners to go as his.“
l The same committee W-fls instructed to
correspond Willi residentsnt Fort Simeon
linhu'uiing them of the project on foot, anti
ito userrtuin il' nssi:tuncn can be obtained
ill'ulll that qunrtcr in the way'of provisions
jhorses, thin, for the use of the explorer-3,;
'On motion.
l li’t'nlritl, That when this meeting at!-
journ it will adjourn to meet on Friday
I The Secretary was instructed to have “,5
proceedings of this meeting pubhshud in
,lholh newspapers published in Olympia,
l On motion, the meeting adjourned,
l Ch’nsu.
Ricn'n LANE, Sec’y.
': ——~—--—m~ ,_ _.
Letter from the Yakima Country.
, Yasmin VALLH, March 1, IBGI.
, Dean Sim—Thu necessity of a road con.
necting the seaboard of Washington Terri.
. tory with this section of the country h"
i been apparent for it numher of years; and
, the recently discovered gold mines on the
l chatchee, the Cleurwnter, and other
, streams emptying into the upper Columbia,
- urge this subject with renewed force upon
I the attention of the people of this Territory.
We had hoped that the late Legislative
Assembly, in accordance with the recom
udation of Governor McGill made in his
message, would have taken some eflioiont
action in the premises, but it seems that
questions of more vital importance sueh as
’ the removal of the Capital, the granting oi
’ divorces, the election of Public Printer,
f &e., tool: up the entire time oi‘ that august
l body: and is, now bocouses the duty of all
those citizens who feel an interest in the
l welfare ofthis country, and tho develops
’ meat ofits resources, to take the matter in
' hand themselves—and for this purpose we
' beg a small space in your columns, wishing
' to lay tat-ta, connected with this entertain,
' before the public. We have here, east of
‘ the Cascade Mountains, a vast region ot
: country, which for grazing and stocktaking
'. purposes, cannot be surpassed by any on
, the fans of the earth. The time is last up
' prosching when we will have an snuuul sar
' plus of about thirty thousand hold of
' beet cattle, which number, we confidently
’ bolirs, might even be doubled or tripled, it
' a market could be found {or the same. The
1 question now arises, when can a market be
round? Some say in the Northern mines.
’ True, the demand will be large, but we
' know that orau should the most sanguin
‘, expeobtionl about these ploce‘rs ho unlined
‘ they will not gflurd a market toruuu quar
ter of the cattle which will be raised in
these eastern valleys But now _ let
- us anpposs that a good practicable road
was opened between some oint on tile
P Sound and the Upper Columbia River, and
,lwu thereby ouabledto drive our stock to n
lsea port, where the vessels oi the diluent
. nations, trading in the Northern Paine,
might come for their outfits. Such a road
. would build largo slaughter houses and
beef packing establishments on tho Sound
i sil'ordiug employment for hundreds, tar-oven
thousands of laborers, and the idea of tin
porting salt boo! from California, would be
treated as ridiculous. . ' '
. Trade in this upper country. tor the last
six years, has been steadily on tho hers-so
lamenting sow annually to noxamall sum.
But who receives the benefit at this trade!
Certainly not our lsliow «am, on the
Sound, to whom‘ they righttblly bolas. but
the people of a neigborlng Stats.i Thump
pliun tor the miners sud farmers, “status
Cascadcs’ara mostly bought” 'll Portland.
shippd at ruinous prices brim. to as“.
Dalton, and from then hauled, arched to
lhuil’ respective destinations. It a fast
not generally known that these M'whl
at the balloons 'ufar, star a unit 60-
unnw, suns fnrusrvfrm the ssh-11b“
salts-a stand in Olynqiia, Stallion-t orb
attic. or. Iota: other ports on moo-d.
This road when oncavbullt will save. largo
sums, heretofore paid in the shape of
heights paid to a Transportation Company
o'f-asathor State, will enable the poor asttisr
who wishes to emigrate. the Yahmo.
the Will. won, or guy‘s“ valiay «a
of tho Hmtains, to “so n'uouspssntlvuly
smull expense, and will'bo instrumental in
opening the country through which it nus,
for settlement. .
Your renders, Mr. Editor, will so that
this is all very fine but can tho that: be
done? We say—it can. We propose to
locate this road as followsz—From Olym
pia, or Steilscoom up the Nisqnully, or
Skooknm Church, which latter stream heads
this side of the main ridge of the Cascade
Mountains, and runs through the Moon-Wu
gap, 14 miles .sonth of Mount Rainier:
through this canyon or gap, and down the
Atahnam River to the Yakama, from
whence any direction can be taken.
This road we believe to be perfectly
practicable;—the distance is about 110
miles. The gap is low and represented as
being free from snow nearly the whole your
round and therefore passable at all seusons.
This road "(explored several years_sgo
from the western side up to the mouth of
the Moon Wu, and the Indians and several
white men, who have been through, tell no
that there is no obstacle of usurious nature
on this side. We intend to explore thor~
oughly the road ourselves, as soon as the
spring opnas, when we will again trouble
you on this subject.
Respectfully yours,
—7 ~ . 7 <o» -—~—~~——-
”The Puget Sound fluvial thinks that Governor
McGillmlghthnve, with propriety, omitted the act
Loratiug the Capital at Vancouver, from the volume of
printed hurl. As Secretary, he must receive any act
:bat comes from the Legislative Assembly, and incor
mrate it among the statutes, leaving in: Nudity in be
rated by the Courts. An Executive, lio\\t:\'(‘l', when
slstw comes before him upon which to not he may
:ouatrnc its meaning. subject to future judicial naval:

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