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The Columbian. [volume] (Olympia, O.T. [Wash.]) 1852-1853, November 26, 1853, Image 1

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T’EECOLUMBIAN.
yulumluu anlu syn m. \v .\lul:_\lx«;,m
. Mat. K. Smith.
—.~4—— A ,_
guns—unvarluhly {ln Advance.
In one yur. whrn arm by mail, or lulu-n ul
“firmflnll‘i; for an: m-mxlu my“.
Na pap" “I" ye durunlmuwl,.mhug at lho
option ohho yubluhcrs, unul A” axrcarugcn ulc
pod.
Anvanmc,
Onouluve.(lwclve linn .1: Ion.) lhnn inur
w., 51:90; for every ml-liliun-l inu-rliun, ‘l.
A libvul deduclion to 31-Iva advellill‘rl.
The number af imeuiom mun ho dmiurlly
”rim! on the marzinwmomiselhry will be con
“ ll" forbidden. and (huge-I accordingly.
AGENTS.
Tho «Mowing gonllcmrn IVP lulhfllill‘l‘ to re
“in mbacviplionl fur “ 'l'he (Jqumhian :"
Luna-rl3 BALCII, su-ilnmmm ;
F. A. Cums, ('owlitz Landing;
WILEY CHAPMAN. Sale-m, Orvgon;
l. L. Bnows, Shoal Wat" Buy, W. I‘.
Hon. Roman 'l‘mmrsox, Purlland, 0.;
CHAS. C. Tum”, Alki;
A. A. DENNY, Svattlv ; ..
AIDIEW Mum. Vicloria, Vancouver‘s
Hind;
Gm. B. Gouuv, Lafayan, 0, T.
‘VI- S. CALDWELL, Hillsbnruugh;
In“ C. STRONG. (‘mhlamcth
Hun C. Wu‘sux, I’m-t 'l'ownscnd ;
S. S. FORD, Sew, (‘l\i('ltcclvs;
3. 9. SA UNDERS. Grhulia, Lewis Co.
S. D. flown, Penn‘s Cove, “'hidby‘s
“Ind;
lons R. hcmox, Jackson’s l‘ruiriv,
Levis county.
' Education—No. 3.
It alien hsppens that great benefits‘ari‘
conferred upon society by men whose per
sstul quslities sre not such as to cttlille
ism to esteem or respect, but who, never-
Mel, attain rank Ind social considcrnt ion
h consequence of their servici‘s to their fol
lvw‘men. In many departments of active
lilo, [test results are not unfrequenlly at
Mind by those whose qualities, either moral
or intelleclusl, Are for inferior even to the
mags llndlrd; yet. it is considered right.
out! {or the interest of society, to overlook
“arm. kind,and to regard such men
for what they lure dam, irrespective of
'lltthoy are, nor could wciety safely pro-
Cod on any other plsn. But. no such disw
lush exist in the one ofthe true educator.
lot only Ire his doings of the utmoat hone
fllohis country, but his own being must
”suspend in excellence to his deeds, his
“htnrd endeavors" being necessarily u re-
Isction of his inward condition. How can
he teach unless he hss been taught? How
It. be successfully set upon the mind of his
m unless he hu studied the phenomena
of his own? How can he make others
think, unless he hss himself thought much!
Ho's:- ho govern the passions of those
Mod to his charge, unless he has mns_
had his own ? How can he guide the:
m Words the nobler ohj>cts of their
being, hole. he himself has a clear perccp-i
tits dthetn, Ind by his life and sctionsl
”I that their attainment is with him
”mount to all merely temporal advanta
ges? How can he be an example of meek
lel. patience, dilinterestedncu and honor,
Kline virtues hue no pllce in his soul!
Milo! eould society justify neglect of.
Panhighly endowed, or he so Mind to
Its own interests as not to raise them to such
I position u would incresse the force of‘
their exunple, Ind their power of doing‘
ml! But we shsll he asked with an in.i
fldulous sneer, “Where are those wander. l
fol-cu whose virtues and outnlncss you
1110 l Io loudly? Never has it been sur‘
N lortune to encounter one of those liv-
H penonifications of every excellence ; and
it in common with lociety at large. shOuhl
he only too happy to hire the opportunity
dicing them honor. You surely csnno‘
been the members of that noodescript clans,
'hose occupation is neither s profession nor
"fl, but. portakes of the worst characters
‘Hb—whoos vocu|ion, so far from being
“0 lid dignified, is universally regarded
”0‘13". Ind not unfreqnently by them
dMll mesn and contemplihlc. intoler
‘l! idiom. Ind nhouuding in petty vcxa
“l, so for from being of most importance
H utility in the Stste, is merely amonle of
wins puents of their children during the
u lelesoms Ind uninteresting period
'“ile, and of keeping those children out of
lisshiet by . dull round of useless and dis-‘
lfilmhle studies, which are abandoned and
fill forgotten Is noon ns the impatient Vouth‘
-_.l|ociplted from hls Worse tlmgl-Igyp l
"II thraldom; so far from rutllllrlug in ‘
those who follow it attainun-nta and Vll'lut‘.B
bayood those- poached by tli.ii countrymen
THE COLUMBIAN.
OLYMPIA, PUHE’I‘ MUM),WASHING'I‘UN 'l‘EHWlfil'l‘()liY, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 153:}.
at lurgt‘, It is notoriously thc rising and la t
rkun'c 01' min)" whose inferiority both in
! licctunl and moral, has bun n shown hy
uunicruua fuilnrt‘s in will" nlt‘pnitnu-nts of
cxrrtmn, which cannot he rt-gnwlul as man
hing d ‘nmmls upon thc un-nlnl powers, lrnt‘
“ho uttcn list: to >ucu'ss and ('mllll'l‘cfl in
thin, the salm- tact bsing plainly lltlllL‘let'tl
100 by tlm circumstance that .~o lllllt‘ nl'ilis-.
tinctiw- >pn'clulily does the mention tire-1
mint, that ewn its highi'st posts arc aIIIIOSK‘
inVari:tl-ly {illr-il by turn who, whatmcr lit“
‘lheir otlu-r :ICt'umlillShmt'lflH. liaVc newri
made it a lli.~tinrt olech ot'utudy, hut han
g.-nurully been so wholly Cllgl‘OSSl‘tl nith pur
llulls of a tulnllytlilflrt-nt kind, tlmt Ihvy can.
‘hardly havc lit-plowed even a passing thought
upon it, until thcy m-re actually invcstvd»
i with ils digniticm These men, hesitlrs, com!
1 fusedly at the head ol the so callul pl'Oft’l-l‘
; sion. do not conceal the somcwllat cnntt'mp- ‘
»tuous («clings they entertain towards it, and
lcvidently regard its employment: at mcrcl
stepping atom-a to other objects of ambition, l
which stand much highcr in their cstiination.’
‘ll‘aucli things be done in the grrcu true,
what hhall be done in the dry v If to m—l
llc of peculiar knowledge or capability is;
requisite to the duo performance of tho du-‘
tics of the chict‘ places in the prof.-ssion,!
must it not necessarily follow—as indeed isl
thc case~tlint the great body of its mom-i
her! have no prevailing clinracteriltics of’
any kind! Many unilcrgo no apt-cial train~’
ing, and are thus altogether dentuutc of that ‘
tip/it dc carp: which wrvvs so many useful
I purpowl. and acts as a strong restraint upon
vicious ltllll\l(l|lull. They are suijct to no
searching exainiuatiom, preparatory to being
Idinittcd to practice their calling, I!) that
there is no trmtwurthy guaranh-c of their
. . i .. . - i ~ .L i
moral or intellectual times; to perform their.
assumed duties ; they are not recognised by i
the State in any capacity except that oftnx
paying indhiduaht. In short if you really
do allude to the actually existing educaluro,
it can only be ironically; if you are ill ear-
Oral, you may expect to be laughed at by
everybody who knows any thinv whatever
of that strange body—the schoolmaster.”
We fear we must admit thr- generaltiuzh
of these objections, so far as they relate to
the actual condition of tile professor, and
that our views of it are drawn not from the
existing state of things, but from abstract
considerations of its cssen/idl nature, leaving
out of account tor the present the merely
art-alcnlal circumstances by which its true
character ia obscured and defaced. This
avowal, We doubt not, will be read with un
disguiaed contempt by many of our practi
cal countrymen who are apt to think lightly
of whatever planes beyond the bountla ofthe
visible and tangible. And our statements
may be ridiculed, even by educators, as the
dreams ofn Utopcan optimi.~t. Alas! that
such should be the low condition of educa
tion and educators, as to make what should
be nothing more than a description of the
real, appear the idle imagining: ol an un
governedfuucy. To the charge of idealism,
however, we willingly plead guilty—being
fully convinced of the close and necessary
connection betwren ideas and deeds. Ex
cellence in any pursuit can neverbe attained
by tho».- who are content to bound their
new by the “poor, miaerable, hampered.
despicable actual" thrcby they are encom—
'pau.~d; who have no high ideal standard
lin their thoughta by which to test all their
pcrfnrmaucea ; no intellectual model of per
fection into greater and greater likeness to
l which it is their daily and hourly endeavor
to shape the rude and roughly hewn image
of the actual. The reason of this is obvious.
Real life mainly consists of a multitude of
petty details, and the duties of even the
moat exalted ataliens are for the most part,
made up of them—great events and the no-
I eeaaity lor great exertions seldom occur. It
is only on rare occasions that soldiers. for in
,stance, are called upon to perform heroic
tactiono. Moatnl'tlteirtitnc is spent in what
shallow observers call trifling and useless
‘niinulia, and which would deserve to be so
, called if considered without reference to any
‘ thing except themselvee, but. which acquire
limpovtance, and Cell! to b: vexatious when
,it is seen that the lay the foundation of
‘that discipline Illtf obedience to aupt'riora'
i which makes all the dim-rence between an
army and a mob. Now the man who takes
no general and elevated view of his VDC3-.
tion necessarily becomes wholly engrossed i
in its detail}. which being, as we have said,l
l in (Moire: petty and unimportant—nay,
disagreeable and repulsive—soon diminishes,
lthe intereat he may at firlit have felt in hisl
lduties, and lead him to look with clltllt'lltpl‘
and dislike upon the profesaion which has
lceased to be to him a aouice of pride and,
Ipleasurable enjoyment. 'l‘o expect that du- .
ytier-i which excite such feelings will be well
| performed, would argue little knowledge of,
Ehuman nature or acquaintance with the'
world. Day after day they will be more '
tcarelessly executed, until such a state has
. been reached, thnt they are got through by i
la merely mechanical exercise of the t‘acul-I
tuna; and so far as soul or intellect in in-'
volvetl, the performance of them can sink
no lower. At this point men remain eta-l
tionary, and a certain feeling of patient in-t
‘dlflt‘fl'llce takes poutmiou of the mind—a
feeling which may be mistaken for Content
‘mr-nt, but which is really the Illttol ltupelrsl
of all coudltioua, and lemon little chance of
lbelll'l‘ things from tlluau who are sunk in
”IL; “Slough of Dcspond."
/ L ,
\ )
T.ll'§'rn‘l||l|ks :Im II -culi.lrly uppliruhlu
to thv prim-«ton ol‘tln- wlumltur. Wlllt‘ll ir
t-«nntially one of detail; which posst'sll'fi
LUFHliardllV‘ly fvw opporlulliliw of public
th~p ty will] its attendant oxcil.-tm-nt ;
thllt‘ll prcseuts hulv variety in the line us
in; round of its duties. and which, nnduuhl
wily, hu.~ Its full share of lmnhlc and rum
(ion. Lnl.-s~~ the mhn-atnr il able lo ris:
übm‘v llw d‘rlnils with \vhivh ho is cnhL‘Brnml;
and us frum an t'lt.‘\'nlinn, tolook duwnupon
them, In as to take :1 gvnvrnl View of tlwir
n’lnlion to one another, and of tho whole of
which lhvy arc, part, whtrrvhy alone a due
impression of their "le vrlnncy: can he luflllfl
upun hir mind, it can hardly be othvrwist
than that year by year his aspll’ations bo
cotne hm elevated, Ind his [wrt'urmlnccr
more mean, until at length he sinks down
lot more formalin, without vital cut-rgy
hhmelt', and therefore incapable ol imparting
spiritual life to others.
1 It is true such men spar; themselves many
‘ mottifications Ihat lllllil be endured hy lhmc
l who have higher ohjucta, and who are con
stantly compelled to lament the great dis
lcrepancy between their aims and their per
;formnncesflhrir daily alien-Comings, >luth
lt'ulm-sa and blindeduess.
‘ But though the lath-r are deprived of lllt‘
dull upon and self-ritistivd inditl‘rrcncc ut~
those who take lower views of duty. lllt‘y‘
hue ample compensation in the approval nl
Jhrir own cunscienrvs. in the pvrccptinn of
‘thuir prayers and the abundant t'xuits ofthrir
ylabors. Thus tln‘sc very circumstances,
‘ which toothers would be productive of noth
‘ing but vexation, are to them sources at
1 positive pleasure; and many things in them
‘sequs, and viewed apart from the great oh.
ijects which they snlmcrvo, would b: simply
i troublesome and annoying. become intcro-st
; ing and important whi-n considt'rctl iu thrir
‘duc relation to the system at largv. It is
only. then, by adopting juslr‘r and wow elv
valcd ideas rcspccting their prutvssion, that
educators can succesalillly atlcmpt to raise
it to ils prnpt-r omini-nce. So lung in thy
acquiesce in mean and disparaging opinions
relating to it, and have no clear conviction
ot'ils essential dignity and value, so long
must we expect. to see the rot‘cssiou de
privud olitsjust rights, privireges and in
tluunco, and its umrnbcrs little better than
socrsl outcasts. That the opinions wv have
here stated are not rucrrly imaginatirv, hut
capable of rcalizhion, i. prom! hy the fact
that sum cducaloas have actually exempli
‘fiwl in their lives and character all ‘htt
qualities whit'h We have dcscribrd us can
nlitutiug the idi-ul ut‘ an educator. Such
men as humor? in Amvrica, Armour and
Mun in England, Fucuzanrwi snd l'li~«
TALUZZI in Switzerland, turd Jsun‘rn‘r in
Belgium. rescue the profession from the
“low Ind lost estate" min which the ll’lll'h
cry of others had sunk' it. Tlu-y show
what education should be, and may serve
as models for the imitation—not uervilr. but
iulelligcnt and independent—of those who
desire to make the irofession worthy of its
noble objects, sad the reverence and lore
when-with their pupils and the world at
large remrd tho-m. From that, there is
ample cncoursgomcnt for sll who have suf
llciunt knowledge, curry and \‘irtuu to
trend in their footsteps. ‘
BERNARD Consuws.
VuTonu, V. L, October 1853.
‘ EDWARD l-lvrmsrr 0N Srnu'rut. Rn
rxnux—lt wu said by Edward Evert-ll in I
recent. much, in which he noticed the
“ aupcnlition of this material age : "
“ An age supremely skeptical and 11l ‘
rrrmely credulous. which is ready to hem
rave in cvrry thing spiritual rather than‘
God, Ind tdmits all marvels but the inlvpo-‘
sition of his providence; an age which sup-l
post-s it n tlung of every day's oCt'ltrrl'ncel
to evoke from their awful rest the npirils}
of the great nnd good, Ind believer that the?
master intellect: which while they lived—‘
übslrurlcd with time orgam of unite—my.l
ishrd the car: with ‘the tongues of men,’
and have now cut oil ‘ this muddy verturcr
of decay.‘ and gone where they lpt‘ak with ‘
‘the ‘ tonguel of angels,’ can yet. find no "““i
(hum of communication from the eterml‘
wmld but wretched inerticullte ripping:
Ind clatteringu, which pot houu cluwns
Would he nelmmed to use in their inter.
mum with each Mitch—u irotir matchlem
Choafe, for inn ico, who has just t'leclri
tied the land With a burnt of cluquencc not
easily paralleled, in the line of time, if sent
with | message from a higher stage of be
ing, would come- tltulking and rapping lw
hind the Wlinsr-01, instead of coming in
robes of light with 3 Voice like the- music of
the lphcrt-x, an lg» [ any. that believe: all
thin, and yet doubt: and mm: at the wan
der-working terrors of earnest men, swnyrd
by the ell-powerful influence of sincere?
flith."
TAKEN ron A Fn.Luu:x-)n:u.—\\'hcn Com—
modore Vanderbill'a yacht, lhe Norlh Slur,
arrived ut Civila Vecch'm. allo wan'lookvd
upon as a very suspicious trail. The l‘nynl
gon-nmu-m roam-clad Imr \isil with the re
cenlly discovered Muzinl connpiracy, and
rvfused |hc Commodore permission to_ land.
A her lwo or !hrfl‘ days of useless negotia
lion, ”IE North Star prom-«dell lo anlrs,
WII.‘rU sht‘ was also an 0"jl'c! of suspicion,
land h-Id rvcmnally lu :a-k xvl‘ugu ul Malm.
MP Furgrl m! that human win-lo is as
puhslml aim-l, “huh 1.. mum] b) a breath.

Sitka.
‘ From the Han I"rinci~tt‘o llt'nltl, Oct. 24.
Prior to the establishnu-nt at the Amt-IL
.Ctnx in California, this .xp it \\':h‘ known to in
only 7'3 1) "NJ” HW‘k upon the map, (’Oln
‘prlsr‘d within the Russian I'llSrt'ablnllfi on the
Northwest coast of America. liven now
but little ino.e is known, Like the M’llb-Il
parts of Japan, it still rennin): a sub} wt for
tho intestigutinn ol' the curinuw‘. Like those
ports also, Silk-a is sealed to the gun-ad
counnercc of the world, and no \‘t‘sscl: are
permitted to trade with the residents, ex—
crpt those having a i-pecial lll‘l‘llSE from the
Russian Government. " Some yrarl eltlt‘t‘
[the attention of tho llus.~iaus was dirertrd
to‘ this point, by the abundance ol l'uis
band in the vicinity. A company was
formed under a chant-r grantvd try the Em
peror, and a factory established, a'. which a
trade Was opened with the name Indiana
iu the article 0! fun. To this company the
lexclusirc privileges of commerce wvn
lgranted, and in it they still remain, with a
lsiuglc exerption. A want of ice in the
market of San Francisco was felt, soon af
ter the advent of the Americans, and the
attention of several gentlemen of our city
was at once directed to this point, at: at
t'nrding a proximate position from whirl: the
market could be :uppln’d, without awaiting:
the tedious voyage ot‘ a vun‘utl from the Al
| lantic. A company was accordingly formed
here, which, after negotiation, obtained the
pcriliission of the Russian Government to
procure n regular supply ol this article.—
lts privileges Were also made exclusive,
but wrru limited to the trade in this article
alone. lly reason of this trade a more in
timate relationship has arisen hetWeen our
lport and that of Sitka, rendering the latter
ont.l of some interest. to on. Our attention
i has been directed to this subject by the ar
trival at this port a few days since, of the
l |{ulnlfln hrig Schilz kull", forty-one days from
Sitka. Through the politeness of Captain
Jlllt‘lllls, we have been placed in possession:
of some facts which may prove interesting.
Sitlu in an inland, near the MM] degree of
latilude, Upon this island lllel‘? is but one
town, or rather factory, called Sitka. This
place is located upon a beautiful bay com
pletely land-lucked. and atl'ording the am
plest security for lltiplllllg. 'l‘he popula
liou of the town in fifteen hundred or two
.lhousaml souls. all of when: are attached to
tho tradiug company int mentioned The
lhouacn composing the town are built of
Elngs, smncwhlt llllt‘r the fashion of those in
lthc new Statosnt'the Union. The men are
Itanpluyed in trapping and in titling for
skins With the Indians. There skins are
confined to the heater. otter and seal, which
lrt‘ taken In great numb-3r: by the natives,
t l'hc face of the inland is rough and moun
,tainous, ptm wring but little arahle land.—
"l'his, however, is cultivated, and yields a
lcauly cupply of potatoes. cabbages and
lother Vt' etables, which are the only veget»
able pr uclions til the inland. 'l'he lup—
Pllt'l of rorilions are mostly obtained from
Europe—from the fornu-r, “It meats, and
from the latter. flour and other hreldstulfs.
The only fresh melt. in that of the deer,
which animal is sum-ensfully hunted through
the dense forests by the Indians aloud. In
this punuit the gun in used. Small shallow
streams tricltlo down the hills into the
ocean, and these are tilled wrth fish in great
variety. At certain scaluus salmon are
found in abundance, at times completely
choking up the streamr, from which they
ore taken with the hand, or by meanl of a
small hook and by the lndiahs for that pur
pose. Other species of fish are taken u’ith
spears, Upon these articles of food the in
habitants subsist, although from the remote
position of the island they are often caught
with a limited enrral supply of provisions.
The only urticfc of trafiic which the island
nll'ortls in that of lumber. There are It
present. two saw mill: running, both of
which are driven by wlter. The company
is, however, engaged in the erection of. tin
other, to be propelled by steam. This I:
designed to be a floating mill, Ind Will be
removal from place to place along the
coast, as the only tnnht‘r availahlc is that
hnmrdiately upon the bench. lu felling
trees it is necessary that they be made to
fall into the water. Should th 3' fall laud
ward, the forest is no dense that no use can
be made of them, and hence has the expo
dient of a floating mill been adopted. The
only timber upon the island is 3 xi ccies of
white pine n article with which the brig
is laden. - 'Hlu ice wilh which our market
il furnished is taken front three Imall lakeal
bark of the town. In these the watt-r in}
but four or five t'eetalet-p. When the Mir
nailed the lupply of last winter had her-nil
exhaurted. hhe left in the harbor no other,
vessel, and the inhahilants were plodding on
as usual, completely cut oil from all inter-l
course with other portionl ol the world—t
The natives of lhe. island lire in huuses
similarly construflt‘tl to those of I‘m Euro-l
pram. 'l'hr‘y lt'fl'l 'x lit: nfeontenttnent aud‘
Indolt'nce. Although possess-d of no very:
low order of intellect, they are said to be
extremely lazy. The colony is under thel
control of n Governor, who is assisted by
two Inhordinntu. Particular observance is
paid to religious worship-there being some
seven or eight ministers of the Greek (,‘hurt h
in the town at this time. The island pm I
two-'5 no attraction whattrv. r :In a place of
risnlo-nt'e. During the .sunnnrl the wrath I
t't ll' lather tilt-haul, lttt 11l “tutu the taiar‘
and fogs render it almost intnl millet-«l
Should rlothinq once beeum: mtumli-tl it is‘
almost impossible Imlry it. “'hrnlhv rain
is nut l'rllllllL; llh: atmosphere is wiry cl- ar,‘
hut intensely coldi The only atlizuliw
torture about the island sa-m.‘ tu In: its'
beautiful hailuir. {
From the Oregonian.
‘ SquLiwnu: lhn', W. 'l‘.,
‘ October I, |.\.):l l
FRIEND Dunn—l have real] with [Wall
liar satisfaction the various m-cnnnla 11l the
“ COLI'MIHAN," ( the pioneer pillt‘r nl Waeh
inglon 'l'erriiory), ul' impron-nh-nn awl
lll’llspl'rll)’ in all pzn'ls of our new and [I nnr~
iahing country. A| lhis exciting and in
leresling period in our hiutury, l deem it
not inappropriate lo give the It'nlilVlFUr your
paper, and mum Psllfl'lully the llll:ll|:.:l‘illll—-
a ghoul. history of the tll‘fln'k‘l'l-S and im
provement: which are being made in this
section. I
The time which has elapsed since my
promise to write has put lne in pom-man
of muCh general ihllinnaliou concerning the
geography and natural rcsnursr: of this
M'Clloll of lhe Territory. The praniel
found upon the head waters of \Villipay
liver, are wthcirnlly exlemive to admit of
a large settlement, and no doubt is now orb
lerlaiuetl of the practicability of construct.-
ing a good wagon roanl from the abun- prai.
ries to intersect the road leading from the
()uwlitz lo Olympia. A party of our citi
zens will soon proceed to survey the above
mud, which Will ruu mostly thrungh a guml
farming country, at prairie and timber.
will: a soil of lirvhl blaek loam from :5 I.) .3
feet dut‘p—“lllCTl for strength and pmduc
live capacity, is not uurpasaeil by any on
the Pacific coast. The land along the bay
is of the same nature, and lies well for cul
tivation; but canuut be made immediately
available t'ur farming purposen. as it is cov
ered will. an immense growth of evergreen
limher, all'urdiug however, great facilitie
for the manufacture of lumber, which Will
be an extensive business here as soon as
mill: can be erected. , >
The business of our bay is fast increasing!
our cilipens, although poor at. first, have us"
tahliuhed a hrislt ‘l'iltl? in the oystering and,
lumbering line, by which in a few month»
they have acquired the imam suflicii-ut to‘
place them in comfortable and easy circuuhj
Itancea, while the farmer ha- been lbuud ‘
Itlt‘lly rewarded for all hit lnbon. ‘
he immigrant who has the mom! to
travel would do well to visit the north side‘
ut'thu Columbia, before settling in origin),
as here he timl.‘ a large vat-ant tield in
which to make his selection of I claim.—
'l'his H one great inducement, as nearly all
first rate claims in Uri-gun are occupied—
The flattering prospect of abundance from
the labor;- ot' the pt'ople, together with the
assurance of good health, hitherto realized:
in this Territory, renders every poor mnn'ai
labor a sure capital, by which he may avail
hinmlf of the various resourcws ol wealth,
which abound in all parts of the country.‘
And while wu uiuccrcly desire the prosper i
ity and settlement of our sister 'l'ei'ritnry,‘
we cannot t'ni‘bear I suggestion to the pour
emigrant, that he settle in a country wherei
he is not liable to be hhlkun daily by the}
fever and Igue, or to have his unly capital,
his health, taken from him by billions andi
intermittent fevers. But I hli-c dign-sai-d
widi-ly from my suhject, sol will return,
with an apology, to Shunlwatcr llay Here
is the bark Arianna, Capt. :‘llkt‘rl. direct
from New York, to San Francisco, where
she chartered for this place without chart
or pilut‘ 'l'hc Capt. found no ilitlirulty in
coming in It the middle channel ; the least
water being t'our fathom:- ou the bar. Capt. i
iA. Ipenks in the highi-It. termu of the cn-i
tranco' to the buy. We have Ilso in port,
brig Sophia. for ile: and square timber;
and _nchooncrs Ararylaud and l'ottnr, for
oysters. J. Lu BROWN. 1
‘ A SNAKE Swim—A correspmidt-nl Wii
‘ting from Texas, giver u‘ a good story, for
‘thc perfect ttulh of which hr plcdgts hls
sacred honor. “()no nighl, my wit'c and
luysnlfm‘rc nwakrm-d by a none from lhe
shelf, which contained «or More of crack
cry, followed by a cmh, wlliv'h showed Him
In great portion of our cups and plates had
[men flung to the floor. Splinging up to
ldiscovur the lullnur of this '.l|llL'k upun
IChinn,’J found a large unnki‘ in usonwwhat
lunplcnsanl fix. “chad cranlml upon the
‘shrlf, allmctcd by a numlnrr ol’ «‘gg‘ “hll‘ll
wcrt- natured about. One at lh'vs.‘ ht- had
‘swallowud, and, in order In gr! at Ilium xl,
“0 had to put his hvnd and n portion 0! hisl
boxlyflhrongh the handle ul a jug which‘
happened In Maud betwut-n lhe cot-clad delu
icnciu. The handle wasjusl npvncd enough
In let his body, in its natural stale, slip cluvw
uly through, but not flflrlt'il‘ll'. to let it pm;
when pnll’cd out by tho egg. In this po-
Hilion he had swallOch the mound egg.“
“N snub-ship thus found himst‘ll' uuuldc to
ldvnnce‘hr rrlrrat, and iirfluumlrnng n1..-ol
‘lo rscape from this nowl Muck, lml Llll‘t’tl
“he Incident which hnd alolls-‘(I uh" '
[l7"Muscminv," an ox six ymrs 07d.
ram-d at Muwutine. luw‘n. now u: urn/fl for
lhe World's l-‘nir. is ln'llrvul In I); "lo L”.
gm 0: in lhe United Star... 11.- '5 q; I”.
N influx-high. l 7 In-l .uu-I .1 in.~|,.~> lung;
:uh I” l'ul " in. hrs, .Hrl It Lulu], 1' 1,1,3
In \ul wuuld naih my! 100)").
NO. 1:2.
Read the Advertisements.
A great many persons have been heard
to my, “ What is the use of inking that
pap -r, it‘s >0 full ofndvcrtisemnnls." Why
for lliu vrty butt of r\-:i~'uns. The adver
llsk’llil'll's in a prior are but the types of
the mind of lhl' LlllVL‘rtiFt'l‘i The ndverlisr
; "it'll" an: but contributions lo a paper, and
‘are th: t'ilflai‘)lls of the brains 01~ dill'Hrcul
pin-mus. 'l'o rond them, says tho Trans
}cl’ip'. you haw an idea of the :tdi'crliser;
.you have, as it may bo called, an insight
lllit) lho mind of vault and every person
‘duing lithiucss, who is intelligent and shrewd.
enough to lilac-J his burillt’s: briort‘ a huge.
ntnnbrr of poplo through the medium of
illnnpwss. Advertising is an Idrlnfngt‘,
1 having a grunt nnmbor of dnrm-m brunt-hon,
|llm whole forming one ol‘ the granted. and
‘ must advnntngcous clmnnr‘ls for the business
l man that has over come to tho knowledge of
the person in pursuit of n fortune. We
say, mid tin-m. A shrewd mnnjn a strange
place can tr-ll the chm-actor of those who do
business by the manner in which he places
l his husiur‘ss before the public. Nolliing
l ntlords us mori- gratification or pleasurcthan
‘to got a papvr from a tliflullt plow, and
’tht‘n to run over the ndt'crtlscmenls. \Vo
admire to noting the diff-Tent cunning and
port tnothndr in which burinras men go to
work to bring thcnisrlvus into notice and
tllcii‘ business bofore the rmdcm of a news
paper. liy a little careful attention, you
have a wry good. in fact, we may say a
very t'nir idea of the inervhant and bin quali
[iications for transacting business. Again.
another advantage to be gained—and a most
lesarntial onc——is. that in purchasing from
a man or parties who give publicny to their
business, who ask the üblic to call and
make an rxamiuatiou, wliu invite attention
to the advantages to be gained by calling
upon them, you do not run any risk of be
ing chuntud or having any deceit practiced
|upon you. The man who places his buri
l Itr'ss before the public call. their attention
1 to it, and invites all to examine hir warel,
is not the man totakc any unfair Idvlnllgc.
‘ It is only thOsc who wish to keep out of
{the notice of the public, by withholding
tfrmn them their branch of buineu, &c.,
‘ that practice dt'Cuit and knavery upon tho
. unrunpcctmg and ignorant. Whoarcr heard
of an ndvvrtisor in a paper martin; to du
lplicity in the disposition of his warn .7
: Again we soy, read the advertisements.
same. It buy My Ila.
A variety of interclting papers were
read hrforc the American Scientific Asunci
atiou, during its late lession at Cleveland,
Wm. 11, Thomas, EH}, of Cincinnati, rend
an essay, which rliScrNed the indications of
the wualhrr, as shown by Inimalg,’°inlectu
and plant: ; and Wars full of facts, many of
them new, and ot' sciuntitic explanations of
lllcmltlvt‘l. Birds, it. assertu, invuriahly
show. by the way they build their nest-.
whctlirr a season ll to be windy or other
wise. _ If the former, they thatch the nest.
between the twigs and lining. ”the-latter,
they omit these precautiom. ll I dry lcn~
son is in prospect, they build in u pla
ces. If a wet ou', they chm-o filtered
spoll, A curel‘ul oborriltinn of these pecu
llll’illt‘s will Itford, Mr. Thoma says, I
certain criterion, early in spring, of the
coming weather.
Snails also reveal, by their habitgwhcllwr
rain may be expected or not. Sever-l spe-
Clt'fl of thun- animals invarinbly ascend the
stems of plants two days More: rain, in
order to place themselves on a leaf. there to
imbibe tliu walcr, for they never drink.—
Olln-r species have tubercln that rinc from
their bodies generally ten dlys before a
min, there being a pore at the end of each
tubercln to imhihe the writer. Others
grow yellowish whitcjuht before I nin, ro
turniug to I ul.:rkcr color after rain. Lo
custs alto forctcl ruin by uhcltcring them»
selves undvr the lane! uftrn'sgnd in hol
luws and trullkl, u soon 11, by the change:
in the ntmosphr-rc, they discover lhll ruin
it! impvuding. Most lulW‘l of tree: Ire lluo
lmnllnt‘lt‘l's, for it rain in to be light, they
turn up sn as to rrceivc thvir fill of water,
while for a lung rain, tlir'y double l 0 1- to
conduct the Wulr'r away. ~
Anollu-r member, l’mfruor Broklcdpy,
of llzntt'unL read a paper dcwtibings upting
nwar his residence, whose waters rose inva
riably befoxe a rain. lle suggest"! Ihn the
diminished almosphr-ric przsaure which p11:-
cwtou a rlin was the clusu nfthe phonnmo
non. and tecummandrd lhlt obsrhlliolll
ulmllltl be made ovur the whulo country, to
arcnrtuin whdhur the plwnomenon was gen.
cral or only txu‘ptiunnl. ll would be cu
llulh if the forum-r could be established, and
not less usol'ul than curious, for if nature
hu made every spring I natural hummetcr,
the fact will be of vast. ht-nclil to know,
Eng. ATION,-EIUI‘.“OH do" no! oom
"lcnv‘b wilh lhe alphabet. It beginl will: I
mmhu‘n looks. with nfalller‘s nod of up.
probnlinn. or A sign of "proof, with a lil.
ln-I’s gvmle [unsure of film hand”): .\ hm!“
ens nuble Art of fork-rancc, wilh handluls
of lluwrrs in grcvn Ind daily mvadow, wit In
bird‘u nusla ndluircd but not touched, wilh
crcrping ants Ind Ihnml imperurplihlu rm
mcln, with humming b‘ m and glass [me-
Im n, unh plum-n! walks in shady hum,
and will: lhmghu .anzrxl in .swc-t and
huhliy lulhh, ml “and. la umlum [U ml,
1-[ I. :ht'un‘n mm. In ule- M \umv, alrl In
11‘. Mm In ..II M, I, (u (1w! lllmssll

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