Newspaper Page Text
VOL. BALLOTS LIST TIME OE PEACE, BULLETS 11ST TIME OE WA-IR.-” MARTINSBURG, W. VA.. SEPTEMBER. 1884. NO. 5. GETTYSBURG. THE NATION’S SHRINE! Visitors to Gettysburg should remember that the field of battle extends over at least twenty-five square miles, and while scenes of thrilling interest transpired all over this space, a few points only where a general view of the whole can be had, are possible to those whose time is limited. These points are: 1. Round Top. Round Top is almost three miles south of Gettys burg. The picnic ground is on the eastern slope of the hill and but four hundred feet from its summit. From this summit the best view of the battle-field, from the Federal Cemetery on Cemete ry Hill to a little below Big Round Top, is had. This whole country, all about, is full of interest. Al most every foot has been hallowed by patriot blood. Early in the ac tion it was seen that this hill was the key to the whole position, and for its possession great efforts were made by both contending ar mies. The Union forces took pos session, and carried by main force twelve 30 pounder Parrott guns to its summit, and planted upon that commanding position and V amidst and upon those rocks, they 'had the range of nearly the whole field. When these guns were fix ed upon that hill it became a sec ond Gibraltar, and secured final victoi-y for the Union army. Upon this hill Generals Vin cent and Weed, Col. O’Roulce and Lieut. Hazlitt were killed. Mon uments mark the places where some of them fell. From this summit the scene of the most terrific fighting can be seen. Within a space, scarcely a mile square, and directly in front, amidst those huge boulders, fields and woods,fifty thousand men,like two mighty wrestlers, were strug gling for the mastery. Men fell by hundreds and thousands. The noise and confusion were fearful. Ayer’s division of regulars, who had been lying behind this hill, were called into action, and mov ing up over the picnic ground on the double quick, passed down the rocky side into the yawning chasm An officer who participated in this charge, afterwards said : “It was like going down into hell.” The advance of the rebels came up the ravine between Little and Big Round Top and gained the east ern slope. At this instant part of the Sixth Corps, which had but a short time before reached the field went into action, drove the rebels from the hill, and the enemy with drew and the battler closed for the day upon this part of the line. The first enclosed field on that right corner, across the open space and south of the lane which runs weetwardly, is that historic place —the “Wheat Field.” In this field the fighting and slaughter were most terrible. Regiments from three Corps and from eight ten Brigades were fighting pro miscously. The Rebel lines were also in confusion,—advancing, re treating, gaining and losing. The whole resemvled a seething whirl-, pool. Hundreds on both sides were killed and wounded, and the ground drenched with human gore. Beyond this field where the lane intersects the Emmitsburg road is another historic place—the “Peach Orchard.” Here Sickles’line stood at the commencement of the ac tion, and was only driven back af ter a desperate slaughter in and about this place. Tablets marking the places where distinguished men fell are all along that lane, in the wheat field and among the boulders east and south of it. Among these are monuments to Gen. Zook, Colonel Taylor of the Bucktails, and Col. Ellis, of the 124th New York. That strange freak of nature called the “Devil’s Den,” where the Confederate sharpshhotershad their hiding place and over and above which the Confederates pressed their way to the ravine be tween Little and Big Bound Top is also visible some five hundred yards to the south-west. The Red Barn and House (Co don's-) plainly visible about a mile to the northwest, and along the Emmittsburg road, mark nearly the center of Pickett’s great as saulting column, which emanated from their line behind that woods half a mile to the west. Its ob jective was our left centre, about where that umbrella shaped tree stands amidst a clump of bushes. The artillery from the place where you stand ploughed through that column by cross fire and did ter rible execution. The famous charge of the Pennsylvania Reserves un der General Crawford was from this hill directly across the open space, over those granite boulders up along that lane and through the wheat field and woods south of it. Big Round Top is directly south and but a little distance off. In the valley between these two hills some desperate fighting was done. The summit of Big Rovnd Top is easily reached by a good path, and from the Observatory there, a view of nature’s sublimity and grandeur is had, which has no su perior in the country. Hanover and Littlestown to the east, Tan eytown to the south,and Emmitts burg to the southwest are visible. Even the hills below Frederick and bordering on the Potomac are seen from this place. In all those fields to the east, sheltered by hills were packed the vast wagon train of the Federal Army. Upon that eminence a short distance to the west, and up the intervening ra vine, Kilpatrick’s cavalry made its gallant dash upon the right of the Confederate line, in which, but a short distance below you,the hero ic Farnsworth fell. The scene of Pickett’s great charge is in full view- Memorial tablets, handboards, etc., mark the spots where Hancock was wounded and Generals Webb and Armistead were killed in close proximity. Arriving at 2. Gettysburg, proceed to Cem etery Hill, south of the town. Up on East Cemetery Hill, where the Observatory stands, and where the breastworks and artillery yet remain, a magnificent view can be had. Upon this hill and all around these ’guns, a desperate hand to hand encounter took place on the evening of the second day of the battle. Muskets were clubbed and even stones used, and the Con federates finally driven from the hill which they had succeeded in climbing. From Seminary Ridge about a mile to the west, around | to Barlow’s'Knoll, where a monu ment may be seen about two miles distant, directly north, the line of battle of the first day extended. Over the fields and through the town the Confederates advanced to their attack upon this part of our line and upon the line further to the right. To the right, but a short distance, is Culp’s Hill, and beyond it Spangler’s Spring and Wolff Hill,where the Federal right terminated. Proceed to Culp’s Hill where the breast works yet remain. A short distance further east is Spangler’s Spring, where on the evening of the sec ond day’s engagement Johnson’s Division of Ewell’s Corps taking advantage of the absence of the Union forces at that place, who had been sent to assist in repel ling the assaults of Longstreet in front of Round Top, effected a temporary lodgment but were driven out next morning with i great slaughter, after a battle of about four hours. Return to the National Ceme tery, where an excellent view can be had of Seminary Ridge, about three quarters of a mile distant, and extending dywn past Round Top. General Lee watched the progress of the battle from the cu pola of the College. Upon that ridge the Confederate line was formed, and all along it, and upon the elevated places north and notheast of the town, their artil, lery was placed. The headquar ters of General Meade can be seen from the southern side of the cem etery. The building, which is a modest cottage, stands by the side" of the Taney town road. The field of the first day’s en gagement is not so much visited because not so well marued or ac cessible by roads. It extends about a mile on each side of the road, a mile out of town, and up to and through it to Cemetery Hill. In the woods across a field in the rear of the Seminary Gen eral Reynolds was killed in the first day’s fight. REASON WINS IN BERKELEY Probably there is no county in West Virginia in which a freer and a more sensible ballot is cast than in Berkeley. It is safe to say that two-thirds of the ballots cast are scratched, and the prob abilities are, they will be more so in the future. The people, as a mass, are not so rampant on eith er side, as to “vote for old Nick if my party nominated him.” This is a progressive age and the people are keeping pace with it. No man can win votes her by stir ring up and dwelling upon the arbitrements of war. They are things of the past, about which we all know enough, without having graphic pictures of unknown dead issues presented to us. Time,with its ever active hand, has blotted ^out and leveled down the war hills and graves of hundreds of battle .fields, and those who fought in deadly grapple, nearly a quarter of a century ago, meet at Nation al cemeteries and strew flowers over each others’ graves, shake hands and part in peace. We were wondeifully surprised at and not a little chagrined over the speech of E. Willis Wilson, the democratic gubernatorial can didate. Positively,we believe the State would be in danger under such a governor. Surely, the man iii his wrath forgets that his duyt is to win, rather than to drive men from him. In his speech he stop ped, braced himself, clenched his lips, and with wildish eyes, made an caglish swoop toward the front of the stand, that really scared us. We have read the papers and really believed they were exag gerating as to his vindictive spirit, but like Cleopatra, “the half,” no doubt, “has not been told.” Why the democratic party, with its brain power should ignore a man like lion. E. Boyd Faulkner, a scholar and a gentleman by na ture, in a contest for the highest gift in this Stare, is a mystery— and those trickster politicians should be rebuked at the ballot box next month. Mr. Faulkner has a heart too big and true to the principles of his party, not to be honored in its ranks. Mr. Faulk ner, in the face of his unjust de feat, being called upon by his many friends, stepped forward and made a manly speech,in which he tried to hide some of Mr. Wil son’s tracks, but his weight was so heavy Mr. F. could not fill them up. It was between ten and eleven o’clock and the people were leaving by scores when Mr. Faulk ner’s voice was heard. The peo ple reassembled, even at that late hour. A republican of noted abil ity said to me this morning, “Is not Boyd Faulkner a pretty talk er. In going home I could hear him distinctly at Dodd’s store. It is a shame they did not nominate him instead of that windy fellow.” OUR PARKERSBURG LETTER. Ed. Pioneer Press: Parkersburg, W. Va., August 19th.—The republican party of West Virginia has nominated their standard bearer, and I believe, with proper efforts, a grand victo ry awaits the grand old party in October. The democrats arc less sanguine of success in this elec tion than in any previous one. They never nominated a weaker candidate for governor than E. W. Wilson. Hon. E. Maxwell, the republican candidate for gov eenor, is a man of ability, and if elected, (of which,at this writing, we have no reason to doubt), lie will fill the office with credit to himself and the State. Every candidate • upon the republican ticket are men of ability, and eve ry republican voter and well-wish er for the future prosperity of our State should give it their support at the ballot box. The success of the republicans in October will en sure the State to Blaine in No vember. The republicans have the democrats on the run and should keep them so until the poles in November close. The election of Blaine and Logan is just as cer tain as the waters course down the Ohio. The leaders of the dem ocratic party in this State are not blind to that fact, hence they will use every means to keep West Virginia in October. But there is one thing that the leaders of the democratic party are most con cerned about—they do not and will not, if they can help it, allow the republican party to come into power in this State; for they do not want them to see what they have been doing since they have been gone. s. r. w. A husband is a plaster that cures all the ill of girlhood. August News, Morning Star. AT HOME. Tuesday, Aug. 19.—Mary Clem mer (Mrs. Edmund Hudson), the well-known writer and newspaper correspondent, died in Washing ton last night of hemorrhage of the brain. The anniversary of the foundation of the Republican party is celebrated at Strong in Maine. Forty-two buildings were destroyed by fire at Pomeroy, 0., yesterday. W E D N E S D A Y, Al7G. 20.-TilO Conn. Republicans nominate Hen ry B. Harrison for governor. Begole, of Mich , is nominated by the Greeubackers and Democrats. Thursday, Aua. 21. —President Arthur receives the Greely relief officers at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York. The sessions of the peace convention are continued at Mystic, Conn. There is an interest ing discussion as to the prospects of the society's cause and methods of advancing it. Seven workmen are smothered it. Seven workmen are smothered in a coal mine at at Sliamokin, Pa. Friday, Aug. 22,—The United States steamer Tallapoosa comes into collision with the coal schoon er James S. Lowell of Bath, Me., off Martha's Vineyard, and sinks in about 10 minutes. The surgeon, Dr. Black, and a colored boy are lost. The others are picked up by the Lowell and Mary A. Wood, thence transferred to the Gate City of the Savannah line and taken to Woods Holl. Upwards of 800 animals are killed by the wrecking of a cattle train at Colum bia, Pa. Saturday Aug. 23.—It is report ed that the Baltimore and Ohio Road has offered $23,000,000 for a controlling interest in the Illi nois Central. The General As sembly of Virginia re-enacts the old election laws of the State. There is a fire at Duluth, Minn; loss, $150,000. Monday, Aug. 25.—A dispatch from Cottage City indicates that there is a probability of the speedy breaking up of the wreck of the Tallapoosa. The resignation of of General Dudley, commissioner of pensions, is said to be in the hands of the President to take ef fect, the latter part of September. ABROAD. Tuesday, Ava. 19.—There were fourteen deaths from cholera at Marseilles, Erance, yesterday. The mortality throughout the southern departments continues to increase. A case of Asiatic cholera is reported in Birmingham. A German was ship removed the British flag in a town of West Africa and raised the German col ors. Seventeen workmen are suf focated at Braye, owing to owing to an accident in the underground canal intended to connect the riv ers Oise and Aisne. Wednesday, Aug. 20.—Austria has forbidden the importation of rags from Italy. Bairo advices state that El Hoda, the Mahdi’s lieutenant, has defeated the friend tribes at Merawe. Thursday, Aug. 21.-The Chinese government refuses to pay the in demnity demanded by France,and in consequence the flag over the French consulate at Pekin has been lowered. A Paris dispatch announces that the Chinese minis ter to France has received his pass ports. War is now considered in evitable. The natives of the Zambezi country, East Africa,have revolted and killed and wounded the entire Portuguese force. Fbiday, Aug. 22.—Admiral Courbet, the French commander, is instructed to bombard the ar senal at Foo Chow, China, the main object being the destruction of valuable war material and stores accumulated there Great Britian has demanded the release of the captive crew of the British steamer Nisero. The reported change of base for the relief of Khartoum to Suakim causes much satisfaction at Cairo. Saturday, Aug. 23 —Foo Chow, China, is bombarded by the French fleet under orders from Admiral Courbet. The World's Conven tion of the Young Men's Christian Association meets at Berlin. The Nile is rising. Monday, Aug. 25.—The difficulty between France and Morocco has been amicably adjusted. Sir Sam uel Baker predicts the failure of the British expedition up the Nile. Upward of 400 houses have been defrayed by fire in Augstrian Gal icia and more than 3,000 persons are .rendered homeless. The chol era is spreading to an alarming extent in Italy. SWALLOWING A OAMEL AWL CHOKING ON A GNAT. It is an every Gay occurance for a cleanly, well-clad colored gentle man or lady to be snubbed in ho tels and other public places. Why is it? In most all of the hotels, colored waiters finger over and in victuals sometimes, with hands weeping for soap and water. I have known some wonderful things to occur between waiters and per sons hard to please. Nine times out of ten, the ‘‘splendid cook’’ is the dirtiest person about the hotel. I could name some cooks, who were they compelled to present themselves to the dining room, as they live and move in the kitchen. I tell you it would take the starch out of a Georgia belle. The nurse kisses, sleeps and eats with the children, and the ebony looking coachman sits by Miss-, in driving her through the fashion able streets, and is regarded a first class servant. Not a few of these camel swallowers and gnat chokers have tugged at the old black mamma’s breast in baby days, and now refuse to eat in the same room with decent colored people. To see some go through the re quirements of table etiquette, might produce a feast of laughter —that invaluable aid to digestion. However try it, you'll soon get use to it—as you have in dry good stores, saloons, etc It is only a force of habit, some of which force men beyoud reason. I happened to be in the country sometime ago, and went to “a house raising” wher6 white and colored men were engaged in the gratuitous work. They were laughing, talking and joking as men generally do on such occasions. At noon whiskey and dinner came. The whites were served first with whiskey and “grub”. Then the gruff “boss” said ‘ come boys." Positively some of those white men had beg ged at my grandmother's house on many occasions. Not long ago, 1 saw a dirty looking tramp seated with a family of fine people, and the colored people set off in a corner.