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"HERE SIIaLL THE PRESS, TIIE TEOPLE's RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UN AW ED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRlBED KY GAIN. T ? ESTABISHED 1882, MARTINSBURG, W. Va., SATCllDAY, ,llTNE 1, 1912. VOL. 31. NO. 13 MEMORIAL DAY Distance from the great struggle of half century ago that made Mem orial Day a national ins'itu'ion does not lessen it9 influence upon the hearts and minda of the loyal who gather annually to observe it. Al though (or years, efforts on the part of northern pulpit and press to bridge over the chasm that divided the two seclioos then havo been strenuous; although as the years go by we hear move lamentation than Bongs of triumph over the final victo ry at Appomattox, in spite of auch a ahow of conciliation on the part of tho Dorth.tbe dawn of each Memorial Day bringf hack that awful conflict with all of its horrors to the minds of those who participated in It. They heii^again ihe peol of thunder from the parapets of Fort Sumter, are thrilled agaiD by the cry of appre hension that spread over the north and west, again the blanched faces of wives, sisters, mothers and fathers, as, in a response to the call of the President they march shoul der to shoulder to avenge an insulted nation and raise the fl*g again over Sumter. No amount of apologetic oratory, no amount of space offered by northern periodicals to men aod women of the lost cause to discredit the men whose valor and superior tact saved the nation can bsal the scar* of those who suffered the rig ors of war. In this 50ih anniversary of that terrible war efforts at concil iation are being redoubled; few his toric facto relating to that struggle are published without profuse apolo gies. Ilad the prodigal eon been sought, afttr and thrashed back into his father's house the celebration of bis return would not have been so elab orate. In our efforts to be grncioue to a once rabid and vicious anemy is there not d?nger of forgetting those who stood by the Union when the deeertion of our beet trained men in employ of the government made the loyal as prccious as beaten gold? In our praise of Lee we may forget the eervico rend tied by Grant; in oar onr exaltation of Jackson we may forget Sherman; in our laudation of Stewart, Early and Forest wo may forget atubborn Joe Ilooker, the gal lant Kilpatrick, tbe impulsive and intrepid Phil Sheridan. In spite of all we may s?*y in praise of those who wore th? gray, in spite of how ear neat and loud we may be in excusing tbem for their devotion to what "they believed to be right," they were on the wrotg aide: they were fighting against Godl And this ir revocably dime the lustre of their live?. What was treason in '61 ia treason today. The men who are seeking to annul those amendments to the Consiitution written there in the blood of tho?e whose graves wo laurel on this day are still aga'nst the Union. Those who ore opposed to the freedman's full enjoyment of tbe pursuit of happiness guaranteed b7 these Amendments are champions cf the institution of slovary. The country's wonderful development, its untold wealth, the opening np of its vast resources ebould draw from our hearts copious thanks to God for those men who contended for the right, who check-mated those in rebellion in their efforts to curve out an empire with slavery for its cor nerstone, those 'who cooteoded for t!jo right and conquered for the gouri of those ia the wrong. As in ibis anniversary year we shall recount the deeds of those who participated in that awful controversy, heaven forbid thot we ebould overlook a single act worthy of praise. Al though our eulogy of the women north and south wbo figured in that memorable strngglo would fill many volumea^we have not overestimated their worthr*"" I""TrfHuir songs we have yet to sound a nb^e for the black woman of the souib, wo have overlooked a potent, factor in the ?truggle for peace aad union. Who will say that the healhen woman, th^ ignorant, the unfavored, the drivtu slave possesses not as keen a love in her bosom, is not as devoted to her spouse and her children, feels not keenly the pangs of separation and bereavement as is possible in wom ankind? Who would Impute to her a heart less devoted, less tender and true tban which beats in the breast of the more fortunate? If we take into consideration what the Ntgro man and boy faced wh?n they volun. fceered to fight for the Union we cau the better appreciate what the wife, the mother and the sister sacrificed. When the white soldier marched away be felt confident of receiving tbe full measure of praise for service rendered; that should he full into the handi of the enemy there would be no violation of tbe rules of war. The Negro soldier was jeered even ii? Massachusetts when he started for tbe front, and was not. considered as human when captured by tho coDfed era;es. The cry "No Quarter!'' wna always raised when closing in on Negro troops. Shot down in ba'tle, the wounded black soldier cried to his comrades to finish him. D nth at th? hands of his comradcs w?h preferabla to that which awaited him at tbe hands of the eDcmy . T2? c Negro soldiers with their wives and children were ruthlessly butchered at Fort Pillow while the white P waved overhead. In the first attempt on the p%rt of the Federals to caj> turu Petersburg the wtiite troops threatened to mutiny rather th?.n lead the assault, and the Negroes had to take tbe lead, and they wer.1 into the "Orater" and died unsup ported . General Palmer never did explain why the gallant Shaw and his black heroes went alone to death at Fort Wagner. If the old veteran be not an ungrateful knave, he has told many times a* he sat around the carapfire of tho many instances of the saving of his comrades from death by the tact and cunning of the Negro woman and boy who hid them in barns and haylofts and waited for tbe opportunity to pilot them into Union lines. A few years ago the strewing of flowers upon the graves of Union soldiers by tbe wt-ueo of Mississippi was heralded throughout tbe nation and poems written in praise of the generous act. But tbie work of devotion has been carried on by the Negro women of the south from the beginning of Memorial observances until this day, As the majority of the Union dead sleep south of Maaon and Dixon's Line we can fully appreciate how great is that work of love. Now as of old, eulogies ovpt those sleeping herooe in the southland will be spoken prin cipally by black orators and the hands of bUck woqpen will garland XTENS!?E WORK F DR. 6.0. HALL Succinct Account of His Nota , bit! Garesr as Surgeon, m FAITH IN THE HEW SOUTH ! Eminent Phyoi-cian Vt'Kots Unselfish i Dovotion to the Mcc-Mcal Profusion ( i Has Givon Him First Flnco?Great 1 Organizar, Founder, Lesdor In Civin , Affaire end KL&ca &er>cf acto-r. f Chicago.?I >f. C'kvorge Ck>voh?r.d Xr;\!I? fun^e^m, uati Lorn at YptjJlanti, Mich., i in lSvV-i. Ills father, a l~.pt 1st n:ln- , leter, moved to this city la 1S&) and ! At once entered his children in the j ijpablk* wboote. At fifteen years cf i B?e L>r. IIiUl was principal of a HUitill ; wehool at Aux Vanse, Ma From there | lie wont to IJneoln university. I*eui.s.vl- , vtinlu, urndtrntiuj? with honora la 1SSO. | Immediately thereafter he ontevod Hon- i Tkett Medical college, Chicago, flnhh- j ing tlrst In a ciana of fifty-four. L>r. Ilall enjoys a reputation for eurgery that tvrlngs to him pattenM 'from all parts of tho United BtaUvt. Qe boa operated in nearly every lnrj*o 1 city In tho east and middle west, See- j Ing the neceaslty of postgraduate ; work among the Negro phy8k:iaii3 of ) the south. Dr. Ilall holding ?ur- j gicnJ clinics before the various ptnto ' medical a??oclatk>nH, conducting them ; In Alabama, Twumh^w., Kentucky. | Virginia. Georgia and Mhv:->ourL At th<V:'e clinics ho haw performed . hundreds of dilllcult Hurgical opvrn tiona, bringing to the local physlcluu? ' IXR. OBOIiOK O. 71A LI*. opportunities denied them In thetr homo town, and hn? to his credit tho tbeir graves. No woman has shown ft greater appreciation of ?),o boon freedom than the Ne<:ro woman; no wora?D has striven harder to advance and improve intellectually and mor ally. Iler charch and clnb h*ve been to her the medium for good, for the uplift of h*r people which she has creditably utilized. She pleads for fuller recognition of her justly won rights to be an American woman in all that the term implies. In this the 50th anniversary of the great war iu which she so humbly and yet no nobly bore her part, she stands forth and pleads that the shocklee of proscription bo removed from her hands. Jftck Tborne. 234 L'*>st 85tb St., New 1'ork City, establishment of ten infirmaries whore none existed before and increased ef ficiency in ihe work of a number (?f others already established, whose work theretofore had been in the hands of white surgeons. TIow this work has been appreciated can In a measure bo understood by an extract from a letter written by 1 >i\ I >. If. <_\ Scott, president of the Alabama Medical association, in response to !.:i Invitation to attend a testimonial ban quet given I>r. liail by the citiv-ens < f Chicago, In which he said: "Dr. IbiU has done no little in the south in geu eral and Alabama in particular to ward arousing the medical profession to gieater ctYort in scientific investiga tion and practical application. He has Ikh'U uutX'ltlsh in tills laudable endeav or and iuut lived to t'<M? his efforts bear f.ult. "Aside from the enthusiasm ho lwis created alontf the lints of professional achievement, )>_? has brought to the people oi this commonwealth the nuw ruige of <hecr and hope, Ujrn of a noble spirit and implanted lu tluit ciY'x-tivo wuy which gives Immediate ami ;k? manent help. Hi* manifest faith and sincere interest in tlie new south have demonstrated beyond question that we ni-ay yet In? unfettered and soar to heights uikhvumod of. I congratulate Chicago la the possession of In*. Hail." While .standi utf r.t t.ho head of his ?profession. this doctor does not loart? Fltfht of < IvV* afi-'aJivi. He organized tiie Civic I^oaguo of tlie State of Illinois In IShfv. Ho lv\:i !;(va an active member of tive twvird of trusties and uttending Kurgeon at IVovident hospital for the past fiftoen yours. I>r. HaU Is a di rwu* ar.-d tve-nsurcr of Frederick Doug las.* renter and a member at the West ern tVonomic society. He is ul?o chalruum of tho eommit tee In oburjro cf the erection of tha $ir*0.900 Y. M. C. A. building, a ineitv bor of the Chicago Association of Conv ineree, organizer of the local medical nesociaMon and an active worker in th?> nnt'onaL In the financial world I>r Hall Is looked upon as one of Chioag'./N n>OMt fui*w<fnnrtsl citizens, and his hoid !!i.ts i'.rw his by right of personal nv den vor. WOMAN OF ISRAEL. A Trihuth to Heroic Conduct of Mrs Straus on The Titanic The Titanic was finking, Icy ws ?pri were already lapping her for werd deck. There wore boats for jnst one-third of those on board, which meant life. P^or the remain ing two 'birdu there were belts only, **hich meant death. The atern Anglo Saxon comoonnd had been tiivon and was being obeyed: "Worn on and children firat," There stood by the rail, awaiting their tnrn, a man and a woman, huo bend and wife. They were JewB, people of wealth, education and re finement. There wna no confusion, order prevailed. The woman's time came, there wai a piece for her in the boat, Ao officer and a eailor, one on each tide, held out their arms to her. Arms of safety, of tomor row's snn, of home and friends? 'Life! She heaiia'ed and aaked: "May not my hnaband go with me?" "No!" Then drawing herself op and looking prondly, fearlessly to? ward the sea: *'If ray bnsband may not accompany me I will remain wi'h him." And turning to her maid; "Dear you take my place.'' Her husband, all honor to him, tried to dissuade her in vain. And the next great wave that cams and went again out into the night, carried on its crest, clasped in each other's arms, a man and a woman of Israel. Mrs. Ioidor Straas?long may we kepp her memory green; long may American womanhood honor her name; long may the fragrance of her example linger about us. Especially is it needful at this (Uontinued on Third Page.) Anscdclal Literature By W. U. Bought liis Own Work, A Washington visitor on Soientiflc Matters waa oollceting material for a monograph on electro-magnetism; when word cMino to him of a valuablo paper on ihs subject r ot long before published in a Huston journal devo ted to frciencf. Thinking that tho paper would be of use to him iu the work on hand, ho had it translated. When the English version waa lni<J before him, with quite a bill for the translated labor, what was hid die^n-?t to And that tho article wal nothing moro or laea than a German rcpmduciion (if ?n article of bis own published the toht btforo in an Eng lish journal, and he had paid twice as much for the translation ai ho had received f -r thn originel article. o M M CuKIOU3 A DVKI; TISEMBNT8. "Annual Sal? jjoinn on. Don't go elsewhere to bo cheated?come here.'' "Lout?a collie dog belonging to Jim Brooks with a brass collar and a muzzle." 'For Sale?A piano-forte, tho property of a musician with carted legs," "A boy wanted to open oystonr with a reference." "Bulldog for sale, will eat any thing, very fond of children." "IjOBt?an umbrella belonging to a gentleman with a beat rib and A bone handle." o + * To Bis Suitis. A Sunday School t??aoher asked her elasa?''Who wan the father of Ztbidee'o children? ' The question^ being rather strange and abruptly put, mystified the class, puzzlad them for a few monuiiU, when the small eat nnd yoangeet euid he could toll. "Well," said tlia tcr.cber, "who wafl it?" "Why Z badeo himself to be sure,''' H?iid the youngster. o * * Blookuka I). Joseph Leiter, b?ing inter vie WHat* by a Bewspftper reporter?said with a smile. "Please quote mo accurately. In* an interview, you know.the slightest' inaccuracy can make a i/mo ridicu lous As an inst?*:?cc?a Frehchman who thought he had a (an knowledge of the English language, nevertheless 6aid to a father. "Aha! Your son, ha resemble? yotl' .?a chip of the old block head FORESTS ARE BENEFICIAL* , In addition to serving aft a gr&A sourc.o of wood supply, the forest &tn erts certain well-known h^noflcial tnn fluences to human interests. These artj influences: 1. Upon the climatic condltlona within the forest area. , 2. Upon the distribution and ohaxM acter of the water flow. 3. Upon the inorhanlrrj oof)<!Htlo^ atid erosion of th" soil under its covers 4. Upon the sanitary and c.athetlci conditions of the psoj ;??. The tired city dweller, ar< well us th0 free country man, may find peaceful rest and happy apfirec iat ion of nature beneath the forest's kindly shelter.?t "Ry Vrof A. \V. Nolan, College of Ag riculture, West Virginia University.