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The Pioneer Press.
i i HERE SIIalL THE PRESS, THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNAVED FY INFLUENCE AND CNBRlBED BY GAIN." ESA.3B3 3D 1 882, MARTINSBURG, W. Va., SATURDAY, SEI'TK.mBER 21, 1912. VOL. 31. NO. 20 From Far South America Dear Editor:?You will undoub tedly remember th*t I have said Borne things within the last 18 or 20 months which would appear decided ly radical, but. I kuew then as I kDow now, that time and just u bit of observation would most surely teach you all how very tame and rational my ut'erancLS were and are dow according to the occasion. I am compelled to wonder if time and experience have taught the American colorpd people how very careful they must be in allowing any one man to represent th^m as a whole? Or in other word?, have you all yet been able to realize tho damnableness of Dr. Booker T Washington's leader ship? Or have you b*eu awakened to the dangers of anv one horse lead* ership for a people of more than 10, 000,000 in number, aud whose rela , tive position in universal politics is eo singular as to be called unique, I can not remember ever reading in history anything approaching the social and political conditions of the American Negroes, and more espec ially when we remember the effect bis every move is having on his brother race man in all parts of the world, aside from the unparalleled Buffering that you are undergoing at home. This is a question greater than that with which Moses and the Jews were involved, The world must be much different by its ulti mate results, and yet some of you eeem to think it a light thing for one man to take you all into a sure heav en. I tell you sire, that the world holds no record of a man who is ca pable of handling thi* problem, end I speak after muoh reflection. When I look back upon the helliahness resulting from those Washington, (Booker'e) theories, which nearly all of the enlightened of the race agreed to as the most reasonable solution of the badly complexed problem, I am moved to say with boldness that the [Negroes cannot, afford to trudt their fu lure in the hands of no living man either their or any other race. 1 do not advise you to even truat it into tbe hands of God until every means has been exhausted upon yonr own part. There are but few, if aDy among you who thoroughly apprec iate the gravity of your eocial con dition. Washington's segregation theory was argued with such deft cunning that even today your best men ore mystified with what they Call advantages from compulsory race division. You can easily count what you have, and see whether or not it wps gained by this cursed clondes tinenees. But what you have lost "by it and are still loosing is far be yond your best calculation. And when this wizard annually gives out in figures what you have accumula ted siDce 1865 you are much pleased with the results, and are satisfied to Bay that bad you been granted equal rights you would not beve had so much. I am persuaded to believe, however, that counting all you have you lost a life by the lynch domina tion for every hundred thousand dollars possessed by the blacks in America. If you were equally rec ognized this whole sum would not pay the damage fees recoverable by the families of the viciims alone. ! Ai>ain, }rou p?,op!o soem to count ' your gain without oneo thinking' about, what others have gained in | tbe same or much less time. You seem to calculate like tbat great sage himself who announced tbat bis people from Tuskeger, after gradua ting are able to earn $600 per annum, while all the rest of the X? gtoeB in A merica put together only average throe hundred dollars per capita. Here is a very good example of his ability at economical somporison, which shows inofit cleaily that in eucb a case Tuskegee is not a suc cess even against the masses of Ne groes. But the greater point would he how would the Tuekegee alumnus compare with that of any other American Institute, white or black, since you are in America and cannot take any other advantage ' but what is common to Americans? I am sick at heart at such wonderful men and tbiogs. When this "wizard'' (as we are taught to recognize him,) man agee to go North and beg a few hun dred thousand dollars seme of your most able men arc ready to cuil him a wonder as a race leader. Cursed be any such leadership where I am concerned. So fur I have only talked of what effect you are having gener ally in tbe States. But he went far beyond those bounds with hie little game and let us go with biui to see wbat good did he bring to his reco? If he bad gone to learu how some particular thing was done which made those sections successful and famous, he might teach the same ait i in America; then we should think | tbat it was beneficial. But he brings you a message of bow much misery exists among the people in the slums of Europe, a country which affords uo comparative possibilities with wnat can be found anywhere on the American continent. If he was a I man wbo was for social equality under similar conditions we could then take bis point in good foitb,',bot it is tbe other way. This alone | should give you some hint of the (purpose of his voyage. Why did be I not go into Africa, India, China, Japan, or better yet, come South of I tbe United Slates on this side of tbo world? Can you believe tbat be j intends to heighten the aspirations aod inspirations of the colored peo pie in America? Do yon note bow be praised your opportunities in the Sontb to those of said parts of Eu rope? Men, men wake up, for God's SttktI That was not all; look what happened shortly after iD London. Englaod. DuBois was asked to eur rendor on invitation previously ex tended to him by a certain club there, Still later a world's confer ence was called there to decide bow tree men should be treated as a race. Cursed be tlem and their conference. Tbey know very well bow they should treat you, but they wanted to know bow much you would stand for. That was all. And the representa tive showed them pretty well what you Americans wtro rtady for. This tells me something about such men as leaders for between ten and twen ty millions of people! Now you just take a squint at what is happening to your race in Central America next door to you. And the game is still going on. Why did the doctor not visit these parts if he really meant to benefit his raci? I tbiok -I Continued on aeconU pagu, The Progressive Candidate Sains A poll whs taken recently in the strongest Democratic ward of Rich mond, Indiana, the results stood as folio wf: Prog. Rpp Dom Prohi Soc, D'tful 50 10 ?17 1 15 ?J7 it c*n be teen from tbis ihat ibe doubtful vole is rnnning very hi^b, altoougb in this Democratic strong bold tbe progressive vote Kd ?* 11 others. Tbe Progressive lenders Iik^ nothing better tbun to work among open miuded voters Tbey b?*ve no doubt of the result when once the liu 1 i Moose Platform is really under stood. Sunup! M. Davie, President of the Federal Voting Mucbine (Jo. of Pawtocket li. I. has tent lotbej Progressive hendqaarters in New j York tbe result of u straw vote which be is making daily among bis employees. The regular voting mncbine is used in taking tbis vote. "Col. Kooeevelt has led in the vot iog every day," writes Mr. Davis, and ie, creating some coneternation among tbe republicans and demo crate." Tbe voting on S?pt. 10th brought these resalte: Roosevelt 172 Taft 157 Wilson 127 Debs 4<? Chafin '61 Here are a few iustunces of the wuy that eentiment throughout the country is taming in favor of Col. Roosevelt, These aren't gener&li ties. Tbev ere concrete instances. Former District Attorney P. Fred Rotberaiel, Jr. of Philadelphia came out with a statement tbis week in which be expresses bis rea sons for refusing to support Mr. Tuft and tells why be has lined op with the Progressives, Mr. Rotbermel has been a lifelong Republican, but now be aeks ibis question: "How should the fun' that a gross fraud on the pt.rl of ft handful of political tricksters defeated thfl will of tbe party offoci its meinbere? Should they stand by these diflhonest manipulators of tbe fraud, and so become parties to it or should they repudiate it?" Robert J. Valentine of Maseeohu. eetts, wbo has been Commissioner of Indian affairs through moat of President Taft's administration, resigned hid office this week in or der to become a member of the Pro gressive Party, In bis statement of resignation he says that even if the Progressive party should be defeated it will carry "tbo leaven the yeast tbe true hope of tbe fa tore" and he adds that he would not leave so important a work as the Indian service if be did not feel a pressing obligation to take part in the larger work on tbe sume lines," T. K, James, a democrat prom inent in the ranks near bis home at Lucedale, Miss., where be has held the oflices of Mayor and Pros ecuting Attorney through eeverul t^iuns, has just been elected Presi dent of the Progreseive Club of Lis town. Jobn M. Cook wbo bas way3 been a republican was elecUtf vice? preeid-ar.. Wairer W. L?wie, wbnflp fatbpr whs a delegate to tbe Baltimore Convention, woe cboeen Secretary. Ciube like tbia one are being foiimd in every part of tbr country by men who tind that they cannot reconcile tbeir coneciencee with the positions of either cf tbe old f arti??. Tbe way in which one of these cluba wup put into operation is deecribtd in a meeeoge from Stephenville, Tt x. A public meeting of voters wae held ?t wbioh it was decided to form it county league of the Pro tussive pnrty consisting of o central county chairman and secretary, a cm'ral committee of one member from each of the thirty voting pre en eta in tbe county and a general I committee of members of each of the publio echonl dint riots in the coun'y. The voters of eaoh preciuut [elected a chairman to organize clubs in e?cb of 'heir echool districts. The Bull Moose The Negro Thp following communication ia oent us by one of the beet known men in this country, nnd 10 well worth a oareful perusal. Some of the colored men who are j n >w oppooed to Col. Rooaevelt'a can didacy and who are occopying Fed eral positions owe their political prominence in larjje measure to him, and thf-y might with a great deal of propriety be lees vociferous in utter ance and less active in action, lhan some of them appear to be. Not one of these men will honestly declare bia belief that Col, Roosevelt ia an (enemy of the Negro race or that if eleoted, as he will be, be will do any thing to retard its progresa, or to deprive it of any legal or constitu tional right belonging to it by virtue of their citizenship. We have no fears whatever of the Roosevelt leadership and we ore not prepared to condemn him because be baa had tbe decency and the courage to ad mit that former political conditions to whioh he was a party were wrong morally and politically, that leaders iu both parties toyed with the Negro while pretending to be his friend and used him for their own benefit?(not nie) and praotioally forgot him,until tbey again needed bia services. The old conditions kept to the fore a number of political time aervera and barnaolea who controlled no votes, not even their own; who poaed in the limelight quadrennially aa race lead* ers when the white bosses pulled the btriog and filled their depleted wul lets. The Progressives promise to change the system by breaking up this Southern black political treat, to relegate them to the rear, and put new men on guard. Naturally tbey object, but deep down in tbeir hearts they know that Roosevelt has told the truth about tbem and tbeir value as political integers. And like the man out of whom Jesus oast the Devil?, they want to be let alone. The hour has come and now is, for the Negro in politics to find out whether he is Man or a Monkey. We believe we shall ascertain the f net and to our complete 8atlafaction under Roosevelt. Therefore we are fc; Rooaeyelt and we are proud of it. Anecdotal Literature By W. G. Clerical Vkstment, A Protestant parson in a small town became in fooled with tho de sire to introduce a vested choir,. But the good parson's knowledge of things eccIiiHi?t?tic*l was in ore limi ted than his ambition, and he electri fied a member of tho ''Ladies Aid,'* that she told in their mooting, that tho choir would wear "hassocks and bibs." * * . O \ Qis Will. A Philadelphia!), on his way to Europe, wa? experiencing sea-sick nt'Srt for the lirni time. Calling his wife to his bedside, bu aaid in a weak vo'.ce: ' .Wnny, my will in in tho Com mercial Truet Company's care, 13v erything is lofi to yon, dear. My various stocks you will find in my Bute rieposit- box." Then ho said fervently; "And, Jenny, bury n?e on tho other side; I can't stand this trip og*iu, alive or dead." * * O Dirt Plenty. A gentleman and a lriend strolling through the streets of a suburb of London, met a small boy. The gen tleman aeke 1 him his t?ge. "Seven," replied ihe boy, "Ob,you muni be more than that," "Seven !" insisted the boy, proud >y Turning to his friend, tho gentle man said: 4iDo you think it possible that be really could have gotten as dirty as that in only seven years?'' * * o Slow. Jack was a very quiet boy, of ft studious turn of mine], and lor that reason his fond parents apprenticed him to a naturalist. In bis new sphere he was willing enough but painfully slow. After giving the canary seed, which occu pied him two hours, he said: What will I do now?" "Well," said hie master, "I think you may take the tortoiflo out for ??. run." * * O The Deep ['arson. Three hearers and a celebrated di~ vine were talking in the vestibule after servico: First hearer?"Wa must admit that our parson divis deeper into his subject than any other preacher." .?Second hearer?UAud stays under longer Third hearer?.'And comes up drier." * * o SlEEL, VEK8U3 STEAL. Upton Sinclair at a Tiust Banquet, eroiling, and lifting his glas^ hi^h, declared: "Gentlemen, this is the age of stoel, I drink to it.'' Then he frowned and added hasti ly: "Of course the gentlemen of tbo press in the gallery w>ll understand that I spell the word with a double e.