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Pioneer press. [volume] (Martinsburg, W. Va.) 1882-19??, April 19, 1913, Image 1

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"UERE SIlALL TIIE FREK6, TEE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, I'KAWED BY INFLUENCE AND UNRRlBKO HY CAIN."
ESTABLISHED 1882, MAKTINSBURG, Wr. V'a., SATURDAY, APRIL 1!), 1913. VOL. 32. NT0. 7
0mUTmm
TARIFF BILL
RATES A
Would Reduce* Customs Reve
nue $120,000,000 a Year.
WADE UP BY INCOME TAX.
Steel Rails, Sugar, Wood Pulp and
:Meats on the Free List, Woolen Goods
and Machinery Reduced?Tax Would
Affect |ncome3 of $4,000 a Year and
? Over.
Washington.?The special session of
congress, which was called to revise
the tariff, was addressed personally by
President Wilson, who read his mes
sage to the houses. It was the first
time that a thing of this kind has been
done since John Adams was president.
The new rates would reduce the gov
ernment's customs revenue $120,000,000
a year, a sum which, it is proposed.
Khali be made up through the new tax
on incomes.
The purpose of the measure is to put
the burden of governmental expense
upon the wealthy aud by reducing the
price of necessaries lower the cost of
living for the poor.
The metals schedule: Steel rails free;
steel and iron wire, now 35 per cent, to
."20 per cent; forgings, now 30 per cent,
to 15 per cent.
Machinery to be generally reduced.
Automobiles unchanged. Steam en
gines and machine tools reduced from
30 per cent to 15 per cent.
Sugar to be on the free list in 191G.
An immediate reduction of 25 per cent
is proposed.
Woolen cloths, knit fabrics and man
ufactured goods to be reduced from 55
;per cent to 35 per cent.
Cotton cloth is reduced from 30 and
40 per cent to 7M? and 27VL> per cent.
Meats are to be on the free list.
Rates, on live stock to be reduced gen
>?raly?cattle, from 27% per cent to 10
@ 1913, by American Press Association.
PRESIDENT WILSON.
per cent; sheep, from $1.50 encli to 10
per cent; poultry, from '.i rents to a
cent a pound; horses, from 125 to 10 per
cent; swino from $1.50 a head to be
free.
Wood pulp will come in free Print
papers at 2V1? cents a pound or less are
also on the free list.
Silk goods :i;'e reduced from 70 cents
and $4 a pound to 15 per rent: ribbons
from HO to -JO per cent, and partially |
manufactured silk goods from cents '<
a pound to 15 per ceut.
Linen fabrics are cut from CO per
cent to 45 per cent. Handkerchief.*
reduced from 50 per cent to .'{5 per
"en t.
j uated (ax upon every resident of the
J United States whose income is over
? $4,000 a year.
J Id all cases the first S1.000 of income
is exempted from taxation.
From $-1,000 to $'20,000 the rate is 1
per cent. Thus on an income of $20.
000 the tax wonld be $100.
From $20,000 to $50,000 a surtax of
1 per cent is added, and from $r.0.0tK>
to $100,000 a surtax of 2 per rent.
On incomes in excess of $100.000 a
surtax of 3 per cent, is added. Thus
on an income of $1,000,000 a year the
tax would be $38,200.
The bill would repeal the present
corporation tax law imposing a 1 per
cent tax on the earnings of corpora
tions and stock companies. j
The salaries of the president of tTm?
United States, federal judges and a'.l
state officers and employees are ex
empted from the income tax.
These are the principal admlnistr::- j
tive changes proposed:
Trade with tin? Philippine Islands is'
placed upon an absolutely free basis.
Commercial relations with Cuba are;
not changed.
The president is urged to make ree',; i
proeity treaties. These must be rut', j
fled by a majority of both houses of'
congress. The senate thereby loses it<
exclusive power to ratify trade treaties.
Tiie income tax Is collectible at t!:e
source of the Income. Thus stock
owners will receive dividends less the
government tax.
SWIMS IN ICY BAY AT 112.
Has Celebrated Birthday That Way For
a Hundred Years.
Williams Bay, Wis. ? Disregarding
the advice of physicians and a cold
wind that threw shivers into ;i crowd of
curious spectators. Thomas Sullivan,
keeper of a summer resort, celebrated
his one hundred and twelfth birthday
anniversary by donning a bathing suit
and taking a plunge into the waters of
the bay.
"That's my one hundredth annual
duck." shouted the old man as he
emerged from the water and started
on a trot to the house..
Since he was twelve years old the
old fisherman has made it a point to
observe his birth date by a swim in
the bay regardless of weather condi
tions. In seasonable weather lie takes
his morning plunge immediately after
rising.
"If I didn't do that I wonld have
been dead long ago," he said. "It's the
only thing that keeps the blood mov
ing in my veins."
ROLLS !M BARREL FROM JAIL.
Prisoner Esoapes With Aid of a Steep
Hill at Pittsfield.
Troy, X. Y.?Walter Robinson. who
lias n remarkable record. was capture^! i
at Adams. Mass.. after a hunt for him)
in this city, Pittsfield. Mass., North I
Adams and elsewhere. He was want
ed for jailbreaking In Plttslield and
Is also wanted by the New York state;
authorities as a convict who violated
his prison parole.
With but two weeks to servo in the
Pittsfield jail be made his escape, llo
was working on the grounds about the
jail when, unnoticed by the guard, he
got Into a barrel, starting it rolling
down the steep hill on which the jail
stands to the fence about the grounds,
climbed the fence and decamjK?d before
the guard realized what had tuken
place.
ZEPPELIN SECRETS SAFE.
Germans Don't Believo French Could
Reproduce Meohanism.
IJerliu.?German army officers who
were on board the Zeppelin air cruiser
Z-IV. when .she was captured by
French oflicers after crossing tbo
French frontier and landing at Lune
ville are of the opinion that the
Frenchmen did not discover any of the
secret workings of the aircraft.
The German oflicers in their report
say that, although General IJirschauer,
inspector of th? French aviation de
partment. and other experts boarde'l
the dirigible, they think the French
men did not observe enough to enable
them to reproduce the intricate mech
anism of the airship.
Some members of the Zeppelin crew
say that they heard shots tired at the
dirigibb\ but this Is not continued by
ri-ons on bonrd.
SUV MC
A
Daniels Wiii Ask Congress to
Extend 1903 Law.
WOULD KEEP AC A 0 E aw FOIL
Unless Stntuta Is Renewed Annapolis
Will Have i.ut 533 Students In 1017
r.nd Cc'jt of Graduates Will inore.isc,
Cays Secretary?To Revise Curricu
lum For Firit Year.
Annapolis, Md.--Secret ;i ;*y of the
Navy 1 >aniels announced t??;?.! he would
seek to have (?(Mii'.rcss extend i!i?* pro
visions of the !:iv; of 1M):; ::ut!?ii:
tin* appointment of i wo midshipmen to
the Naval academy every four .wars
by cadi senator. representa'Ive anil
delegate in con Lire's^. This law expires
this year. ami unless it is extended the
number of appointments to tin? acad
omy will be cut in half and within
lour years the number of midshipmen
will bo reduced from l.OSi) to n.'W.
"The capacity of the Naval acad
emy," said Secretary I>anlels, "is suf
ficient without enlargement to furnish
ollicers far the lino and staff of the
navy and marine corps in adequate
numbers for many years to come, but
if the number of appointments be re
duced the relative eost of educating
each midshipman will increase, while
the existing shortage in the navy will
grow rapidly worse. There is little
likelihood of more graduates from the
Naval academy than the government
will require."
Secretary Daniels has approved a
recommendation o? the academy board
of the Naval academy that for subjects
in which the only examination comes
at the end of the year the term work
shall count three-fourths Instead of
two-thi/ds. reducing the examination
Accordiugly. Under this arrangement
(1D1G. by American Preas Association
?TOKEI'IIUS DANIELS, K . KETAllY OF TliE
NAVV.
! (ho work done iliiri iilt I Mo form will
Moronfter count mor?* in dolorminihic
? the scholastic standi: than formerly
The effect of the revision of the our
; riculum on the first year's work has
boon shown by (!)?? deeronse in tho
i number of fourth cla s men <1 r??|?f>??* 1
for detkieney in studies :?t fh?r semi
I annual examinations. Lust year nearly
J7 j)or cent of the fourth class wen;
J recommended to be dropped. This
year only 1I? per cent failed. In de
termining the term work iho examina
tion now counts only one-sixth in sub
io'-ls in which monthly examinations
are given.
The recent entrance examinations
also kIiowed an iti^r jr *? over the usual
percentage in those ^<jMaIi!:od for
adttdssion. Out of 1.".." exani'ned in
robruary r>r> per <?'?it passed. :???
'/!gainst an a vera ire of about, tl [ r
'?ent. during the ! > ?< :x years Ti I
forenee in examination. hut is *l:n? to
a chance In examination dates
In order to limit the a mop . of ox
penditures of midshipmen t\ .? civilian
elothln:* am! haberdashery. us \\ *?iI as
to prevent their runniu? in debt. -an
order has been Issued which forbids
thoni from makinir purchases directly
in Annapolis, but allows limited pur
chases from firms who send repre
sentatives to the academy I ova! iimt
chants have no objection to th ?? '
as their payment is cert ai In ami fa
eillties for taking orders are freely
granted them.
DOORWAY IN A RIJODTH.
Made Necessary For Work on the New
Giant Cunnrder Ac|uitanin.
IxHidiui.-Tin* rmhlor h:is just been !
placed in position on the CiO.OOO ton
j Pnuard liner Aquitania. which will bet
J launched at Clydehank, (il:is;,row, dur i
j irr.r the !asf week in April
The rudder is so larjjc that a door- j
way was made'in the lower part of it t
to admit workmen and enable theto t?? }
work on a pin four ! s>?,?? !??11*.; eoime"? j
in:;- the rudder with the ship.
I
Prenchcr of Ninety-eiqht In Pulpit.
Middletown. N. Y.?The Itev. <> !' i
f'raiidall. who Is nhmty-eiirht years old
and sine,, his superannuation h e: ? i\! :
at Uid^ebury, near here, pleached a j
sermon in the Methodist church 11?cr?
RADIO STATION F03 PANAMA, j
Plans Arc Completed For Towers Liko j
Those In Use at Arlington.
Washington. ? Hear Admiral Stan- j
ford, chief of the bureau of yards and 1
docks, lias just completed plans for I
the construction of the second seL of |
j.reat naval wireless lowers, which will
he ere**ted on the canal '/.one at t'ain
ito. practically duplicating the initial
plant at Arlington reservation. There
will be three <300 foot steel towers.
With a 100 kilowatt radio set it. is
believed that this section should be
able to communicate either directly or
by relay "with similar hi^li power sta
tions to be creeled by the navy in I he
Hawaiian islands, Tuluila. Samoa,
Guam and the Philippines.
HttAVK HAKKIKT )U . MAN.
Soon', Ppy. ?'ar riUMP, "iiDdar
?j ound railroad" manager. n rnemor
? b c figure of tho Civil War period
lias p> r -ted n\fnv In Hi<* < 1 * nth i f
Harriet Tubman I)ivis at Auburn,
N Y.
Harriet Tubman vcu*t horn a Klavo
in Maryland. Of A^iwiritro hlo*?r*,
descender,t of trih'l chi^fa, tshc pna
?.^Hf-ed an ur.coi fperahk' h;?ir11. nnd
irnntenfo pby-ieal ntrei-fj t?, j-urnu.-*?
i:?{,: that of most m? n To ??v id
he i n'* "soI<i couth" ir? J i : v u ? '<?. *1 <
?J '
ioilowad the nor! Si ^^ r 'o fr ? <lorii,
hut noun bank tei-cvin^ oth-r
Negroes tho rot>d nhe hnd lr<>d.
Howards amounting to $-10,GOO ?v.r?
? fT-r?d in Viiftiuitt aid M?r)i>u.d for
b^r ftne-l
i 1 'irnet Tubman was inv*niu^V>ih<*
| mr? "underground r??iIrr? ?*ii*; he< t m
the North. While in thus work *he
0 d i ho rnnh th.-U n ^cucd ( ' ? m : J??
N * 11 e. a fo? iivM j'i Tf v
l I bou^u l'?ui?n upo i tin* heml i y j
! poliCfcrm n h hdl'es, *? he 1! 'm b( d two
(; 1 llii Hi M,d Htfli fl ? I j?? I'&cuo w : i |j
hi r mighty criuf-ch'K I ri h r a'Hiion
of rb^ u r d? r r o ii f (i a' Auburn, w i * ?i
he firmuc*? f up; ort of William 11
H ward ^h" h< nt aw?y tunnv a il'u
| to Canada. A ppoinb d a? a
1 nurso 'o Colonel S nw'i f.n"ir o-?
I N*j/ro regimtot in 18(W>, she hoou !
?.ppeartd in- a new capacity n <?
Uroul for the Union 'mop*. In 1HI't
ahe founded 'ho II irriPt Tuhiu ?n
: J >aviH floaic (or Indijzerr A^ed N?
i ro? *, where she ht r v-lf d<ed at the
HUppoeed aye of nin y-'-i^h;.
; \\ b\ <1 Bpttir of 'he fu.'uru of a
tbuV c*n exhibit fU"h c^ur* '??
<u v t on xii ! enp>r.:'r ???r |r* ul rnijip
< f t*r I" a ? t i t :ii he i ? ?
Anecdotal
JJteraturs
Hy W. (J
A Simi?i.p. I'rr t kiik Kaitii.
An tiniiu'Dl <liv?:io iw t'n
thi? racHt it?firf?n*ivc lu?u? tneid nt
* ? u a f*hip juKt nf( e r \ fom ' ul pterin.
A woman of thv world w.\< iihonrd,
??nd Jincovt rir pr the pi'sexier, #h??
fMii; "(), fir. 1 WM>t to be u chria
ti w>, I vhmiM eiv-* cr?**> f>'n<2 to h*\vo
l> en wi? the N'; gro h".?- ?? n in t ho
s orm. Win i 1 tix-iociw'i every inn.
mint todie, ?mt vv'ftM >9haU? 11 with
'?vvful fear. this N-j_r'v wumun w?n
e??!in n nd 8j>? !<?? U) LMO i h pi rfect
c " insure iiw "N b<r mini,
mi * tn, look to .1 cniim II r. '^nflio
-? ?>?; . i ? ? t?' L frnr the !Ofk?; tc mil do
K .< k o! At," " i i'?>'??? if." Sir, 1 w ?;ild
l iVc ovf-r^t! in*.' t >" ?;nch h?Hb.
?f +
StOI.KN > L! K K K. Y
T ii' llev. Ai_: i tion S (!rup? \', in
:im interview f.uiiii!.j -In l.?iMI?? FiIIh
,* Htid of a i? !i,iJou?* cliilil iubor
m: 11 i< >ri s iro.
4 Thfli II) Jl U Hllllin IM ID" o! U.iclo
{'iillli.un CIllV, -IS ) CCI1SI: I of
V ! n liti|4 li t II11<- y i>nil Sinld IV ?T
the } In ll, wa<i OLi" ?'f ' he fir?' ??! ? li**
<">ui mil mount* :? lie ii Me v*hiie
' hnrch.
111 ^ pftfttor, t ho Il'. v. VV h'hirifiton
White, to In b repio/ic'uU,
niter th? service:
'?('altjoun Clny, I'm ?Bh?me(.J of
yonr coming to ooojiuunioii after
f-tc'liny a tin k'ey.''
"L iridM n mo*"*- . parson,'' H*id l?io
old linele (Jul, 4 I" you tbitk I'd
l?t n ck'tiny o.d tor key, hnrdly worth
ten c-mts n p? uud, Mund betwixl m?
aid the Lord's IhI? I? '/ '
o
* *
Politic a i. ( Okjiui'Tion,
Frank J. Kiee, Mi^ rotorm mayor
u\ N- v/ IJ fivi n shiiI:
"Tlie trouble i Sji.u*. political cor
r;jpiion iw, it hi it* naver o(>eB onU
?t,f zi'^hi fcrw.>rd. Jt ifl circuitous,
intfi finite. Ymi C iii't put your tln
?/er on it.-"
"iNo wir,'' ftni l u man onco to me,
' I ri' vi r ' o'' 1 my vote to nobody."
* I>n', (iff.r^e, i, ' I ^ftw the
r v il <!?ii oirlnt.- ^jive yon $5 only ti n
<Iby<- h(;o?b: fu.e tho el ction,"
"Y?h." 8?i(l (jreorjjo, 4,I don't dfny
t hf*t. But ho (lidn'i f/ive it to trje for
nothing. A i (l when n m?ri comes
hlon*/ Hnd ^ivi H you $5 for no'.tiiri^,
vrj y it'rt no mote 'ban common de
er r-< y to vote for turn for nothing in
n \ n r xj
* *
o
}'C NCTL'ATION.
lli turning fio:u HChool, tho oUjer
<l?y, h itttle ^irl informed he* mother
t'ir-i hl?o h?(l Named to "punr
* W?11, (icur,' Hii'J fjtr ruo'ber,
' ul<\ bow in it, ? '
' Wby , when \ 'U w? iva "Ii ?. k ! *
yr>u put n ha' pio afl'-r it, U )'i win n
\ou ? qnp"t,if<n you put ? but' ?>?
b'.. U.'*
o
* *
Know Krttkk
' Wb? a !??, O ?;.n 'j'O,
i(M;? (I bciit'fa iitvo l)> en rrul
iu tt fi-o modern Ju' h I?' r in
HturiC?you o<'V? r h<'Hr t?:\ho<
aavine ? younf* coup;f ?,? w !i . : ? v.
chu ..vi '?? cii?ap as cne."

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