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jtiir J. K. Clifford, Editor A Proprietor
(?rtkwei 869, and .iell 'Phone, OOK SdUr
tl.>Lbui-?, VV . Va.
SATURDAY, APRIL 19. 1913
Not fliuce the d*y that -Charles
Sumntr left ihe United States hen
Ate tiao ? greater, grander, better
man entered it, than Senator Nathan
Gofl', of Went Virginia.
It is in tbe air that Civil Service
is on the list to gut ? knock out blow.
Kill ibe b%atard that has made moru
cowards of meo, and liare of Con
than any one thing we
The Pioneer Preta, since the gov
ernm? nt mast bo run in a blgbfalu
ting et>le, eeeii no objection to the
income tax that will f ill tbe- b>-*vi?8i
on tbe highlalutiug people:?lb
million and billionaires.
Editor Harry C Smi'h, of the
Cu vfcla&d Gazette, and Editor W. P.
Dabuo of the Cleveland G*zt t.?-f
deeei ve a full share of glory for the
brave, active and influential part
they flayed in the defeat of Ohio's
in>q*jitou* ruili intermarriage bill.
Wbon*v..r y ?u a person and
Cr.d biro to be ?n Ardent Progr-apive,
eel it down that be is not only a
thinking man, but a at-n&iolo one.
Suab men court no compromise wih
the defnnct Republican party, It
will be found actively at work in
1914, und the winning forco in 1916,
lor it has come to etay.
For the latt two or three weeks,
the oew? from tb* sick room of Popr
Piue, At tbe Va'ican, in Rome, bus
been anything bat reasNuriag. This
it ditrreteing im'.elligtnce to bit mil
of subjects throughout the civ
iliz?<d world, because the venerable
he?d of the Catdolio Church i? dearly
beloved for tbe gr?A? goodaeee and
keen perception which be has shown
?icc-: bo has occupied bis present ex
alted position Along with hie ad
miruri, ev-rywbero, wa f?rventl>
ho[?R for hit early recovery.
J*pnn is tip.oeing for her equal
rigb?e in America, So are tome
Dou't yon prrjodioed white* allow
eocb ? hateful thing?a bate of
Ood'e children, defend it, and bring
on another bloody war. Help bo
maniiy the world over, and try to
live with all bere, for it ie the only
tbiotf tbat will tMke pUca in the
other world, ond ?o be able 10 do 00,
tb?e eboold be naed a? a dreaeing
room for cerni'y,
We have a)w?y# contended ?nd
e'lll do, that to ooD0tiiu;.e a true
libel caee, it ie jnat a? eiet-ntial to be
ao ua^ed by malice a? it ie tba;
malicp aforetbnugbt alone can only
cone'ita'e murder in the firet degree.
If on edi'or writes anything about
a peraon beliefing it, and bopee to
benffi> tbe public through publicity,
wbere doee, end could come in libel?
Nowhere. If be has no malice in
bie writing, end he finde out that
things are not wbat be believed tbey
were, bia doty ie?and if a oi-?nly
miD ? be will fortbwi'b apolo^ z* 10
lb* p?rty-aod bit reader* for wbat he
hue ?9td. Wbat more could anyone
The Kanawha Citizen, the Capital
City's nuweat, and one of lis most
progressiva newspspers, recently is
gukd a handaome industrial sdition,
which clsarlj sst fortfc tbs advantage
of Charleston and ihs surrounding
country as business centers. This
edition of the Citizen is in lins with
tbe ever-present progressive policy
of its managing editor, Mr. Moses
W. DjbosDj, wno for years has
borne tbe reputation of being on* of
the best ncwBpapsr men in Wsst Vir
Bishop William B. Derrick, of the
African Methodist Epitcopal Cbnrcb,
is dead, b<*. having passed sway at b:8
h* noc id Finsbia^, Long Island, New
Y??rk, on Tuesday. The canne of
ibe Bishop's dtaih was hardening of
tb? arteries, from whicb ailment he
bal suffered for some time previous
to bis fiu&l summons. The Bishop
was a man of commanding appear
ance, pnsters'd to a remarkable ds
gree the qualities of leadership, at
well as made himctlf promioeut in
botb chnrch and state, and was al
most as will known in foreign coua
tries as he was in bis own. Tbo i
deceased prelate was a Dative of
Auiigua, Wsst Indies.
Whsn Hon J Pierpoiut Morgan,
the world's greatest financier, was
laid to rest the other day, there waa
do one at the funeral who could be
unmindful of the fsct that the trained
Ne?rois exactly liks the trained
whit", becau??f, on this occasion, Mr.
Hrtrry T. Burleigh America's prem
ier baritone, sang a solo, "Calvary,"
in a manner thai made mourner and
friend of Morgan realiz* that there
w?8 a Negro whose singing waa <?u
pt-ro, and whose wsalth of muytcaj
* ledum would bd a monument to any
r*ce with which he was idrotified.
in connection with this mention of
Mr Be bigb, it woaid t ot bo amiss
to state that wbeo Mr. Morgan lived
be enj ?ved the singing of the noted
BurUigh, tho latter having been a
soloist of Saint George's Church, to
which Mr. Morgau belonged.
Ooe of Ike sensations of tba week
at Washington, tbo National Capitol,
was ibe summary dismissal,by Pres
ident Wilson, ol Prof. Willia L%
Moore. Chief of the UuiUd States
Weather Buteau. Prof. Moore bod
already resigned, the resignation to
become ?ffeotive July 31, but the
Chief Executive disregarded thai
formality and go', rid of Professor
Moore forthwith. Tbo reason given
f >r this baity acti ?n, by *be powss
that be, is, t bat Prof. Moore, aided
by numerous employees, had built
up a powerful poll'leal machine, aDd
that gross irregularities existed in
the weath< r bureau a* a rssnH of
an unw?rr?ni?d political activity
Natarally,President Wilson's friends
are di'fei du g his *ction Wi'h regard
to Prof Moore, while the Professor's
admirers are Grm in their adherence
to th&i gentleman, and claim th*t his
actions wbile a pubiio servant woie
above any suspicion.
Rev. K W. S. Tu?;os?s, the net?
D<8tTio' Superintendent of the sn
larked Cumberland District, bold bis
first Q iarterly Conferee* at Mount
Zoo M E Or?urcb on Friday nigbt
Baing r?-foorct.ful and intelligent, ha
w nt abou? his duties like an old
hvnd al the busi ies*, and gave tboa
wiihto the sound of h s voice to
o e*rly andaisund that th re was to
b-3 io trifling dunng bi? incumbency
of office, and thai service was to be
his,at d ought to be ?heir watchword.
It ta ju?t such man as Or. Thomas
wbo are destined to raise the K vel u1
tieN^ro ministry, and wih ht? ?
enlarged opportunity as a presiding 1
minister, we believe he will sac th*t ,
tbe men under him trea t in thn 1
Straight and narrow path, and benefit <
? heir tl-ieks from ev?ry possible |
view. Of Mr T loanns himself, ii i
may bi truthfully said tout be is
able, Manly aud an earnest devotee
of tbe CbrisUeniiy *tb*t couotf?w*
mean the kind in which pno ce, eel
no\ theory in ,U\c cbit-( Nctor. lo
conclusion, Ui? Pioneer Press wishes
(be Dtw District S apenntenrieu t
ftrest ?ucce*s, aiifl aetafe* those with
whom be will co:do in contact that
be is en individual ot whom they
to%y well fuel proud.
Aio better offer to farmers, and
gardners eould be made. Any
and every one who will send
one dollar and fifty cents to the
Pioneer Press will not only get
it for a year, but also two bun- i
dred and fifty first class cold - 1
1 framed and guaranteed frost
| proof cabbage plants free.
They are grdwn by that well
known firm, Wm. C. Geraty Co.
of South Carolina. The sub
scriber to pay mail charges? ;
only a few cents,? Kditor.
IS ENTIRELY DEAD
No Need For Further Explora
tion, Says Lsnkester.
London.?Further exploration within
1,000 miles of the south pole will ho
of no scientific value, according to Sir
Itay Lank ester.
"There is no living thing on the ant
arctic* continent." lie says, "excepting
the seals and the penguins and a few
other birds found on and near the
coast line and a minute insect like the
so called glacier flea, together with a
few animalcules living in pools formed
by the melting of ice In the brief sum
mer and species of algae, mosses, li
chens and fungi."
Sir Kay, as director of the Natural
History museum, had charge of the
antarctic birds, etc., brought back
from the south polnr continent by Cap
tain Scott's expedition on the Discov
ery, and he has had oflicial first hand
Information as to tho results of all the
explorations in that part of the globe. ?
Flowers would grow at the south
polo in summer if it were not for tho
mountains there, according to Profes
sor Lank ester. It is these mountains
that make the south pole so cold. Tho
south polar area is nn elevated moun
tainous land reaching 12,000 feet in
parts, covered with perpetual ice in
consequence of the elevation. More
over, the antarctic continent is sur
rounded by the sea and is lifeless.
"There is a vast area of land around
the north polar sea," said Dr. Ilay.
"which is green with vegetation and
dotted with brilliantly colored flowers
in summer and yet is only 500 miles
distant from tho north pole. In the
arctic region are seals, white bears,
walruses, foxes, wolves, musk oxen and
mnny small mamnmls and birds which
stray from the neighboring continental
lands. There is nhundant vegetation.
Including flowering plants, which find
a growing place wherever land is ex
posed. So far as temperature Is con
cerned, these flowers and plants would
grow at the north polo itself were
there any islands in that part of the
frozen polar sea. In contrast to the
low lying land around the north pole
the mountainous interior of Greenland
is of high elevation and covered with
perpetual ice and devoid of life.
"Tho north pole is, in fact, a fair
weather zone, while, on the other hand,
the nntarctlc land is swept at all times
of the year by blizzards of exceptional
force and duration." ,
From the very beginning of life on
the earth, it Is asserted, the south pole
has beou an uninhabited region. No
animals evrr lived there. The deepest
digging will disclose no bones o? ex
tinct creatures. The antarctic conti
nent is lltornlly the only place on the
whole earth where silence and myste-y
have existed from the first. It is re
garded as verj' doubtful if there are
any minerals near the south pole.
Purse Retrieved by Dog.
Hartford City. I nd.?William Lan
non, a T'.lackford county farmer, has a
dog that retrieves lost, pocketbooks.
Mrs. Irene Bowers of this city was on
the way to visit her uncle. William
Tntmr.n, four miles northwest of tho
city, when her pocketbook slipped from
her lap in front of Lannon's house
The dog saw the purse fall, retrieved
it and took it to its master. The nerfi
day Mrs. Rowers in searching for her
pocketbook stopped at the La tin on
farm to ma Ice inquiries and recognized
GREAT AIR FLEET
FOR THE GERMANS
Will Spend $12,500,000 Dur
ing the Next Five Years.
SEPARATE WING GFTHEARMY
$25,000,000 Will Ee Spent on Military
Aviation, and New Fortresses Are
Expected to Cost $52,000.000?Ten
i Dirigibles and Fifty Aeroplanes, With
Crews of 1,452 Men.
Iierlin.?Germany's plans for a big
aerial navy have been made public.
The tleet of airships and aeroplanes,
?which is to be entirely separate from
that connected with the army, on which
nearly $25,000,000 is to be spent, will
A bill appropriating $730,000 as the
first outlay was introduced in the
reichstng. It calls for ten naval "dirigi
ble balloons of the largest size, of
which eight are to compose the active
fleet and two are to be held in reserve.
Fifty-four double revolving balloon
halls, into which the dirigibles will be
able to enter regardless of the weather,
are to be erected and two more to be
kept in reserve.
Fifty aeroplanes, of which thirty-six
are to form the active fleet and four
GERMAN ARMY DIRIGIBLE FLYING OVER
tcon the reserve, are also to be built, to
be manned by a special corps of 1,452
officers and men.
The appropriations for this fleet to
be spread over the years 1014 to 1013
include $8,750,000 for dirigibles and
$2,250,000 for aeroplanes, while $1,500,
OiK) is asked for in connection with the
pay and maintenance of tin* crew.
The life of the new airship is esti
mated at only four years each.
The sum to be devoted to military
aviation is unexpectedly high, reaching
$l!),T50.0'K), with supplementary esti
mates of $5,000,000 to be added later
on. The sum of $52,000,000 is assigned
for the construction of new fortresses.
After the passage of the array bill the
land forces of Germany on a peace
footing will comprise 33.800 officers.
001,170 privates and 15,000 one year
volunteers. The balance of the total of
870.000 will include medical, veterinary
wild pay officers, artificers, the hospital
corps and other noneombatants.
The imperial parliament. If is argued
by the newspapers, will undoubtedly
demand radical modifications of the
new tax proposals, rejecting some and
demanding the substitution of others
which will, weigh more heavily on the
well to do classes.
Dr. Otto Wiemar, the leader of the
Progressives in the reichstag. ex
presses the opinion that the debate on
the military measures will not be fin
ished before the summer recess.
Foreigners domiciled In Germany j
are to be subjected to the war contri- j
butlons on the same basis as German j
TO DIG LONGEST TUNNEL
Canadian Pacific Will Bore Sixteon
Miles Through Mountain.
Winnipeg. ? The Canadian Pacific
railway announced that It will begin
construction shortly of the longest
tunnel in America. The tunnel will
be dug through Kicking Horse pass In
lh:? RocUv mountains, will be sixteen
, miles long and will cost $14,000,COO.
i It will take seven years, 11 is esti
mated, to build it. and It will be tov
?jiilos longer tliau the Simplon tunn.
through tbe Alps.
In Sleep Breaks Leg Again.
TorU. ra.?Dreaming In his bed :
the York hospital of the runaway a
cident of a few weeks ago which 'b:
laid him tip with a broken leg WllMa
II. Smeicli reached that part of' 1:
dream wliei" the tuna way hore (lev
upon him. Snieich tried to profit* 1
ills previous experience am! leap ash
ITe gave an actual leap, which carri
him over the edge of the bod a
broke his leu again at the place of ' ti
NATION NEEDS MORE CATTL2
Demand For Meat Shown by Big.
Changes In Export Figures.
Washington. ? The decrease in th?
meat supply available for exportation*
Is illustrated sharply by the February
export figures. Just compiled by th?*
statistical division of the bureau of
foreign and domestic commerce. They
show the number of cattle exported in
the eight months ended with last
month as 12,05(5 head against 270,219*
head in the corresponding months of
1007 and the quantity of fresh beef ex- .
ported as 4,700,047 pounds against 175,
800,(MO pounds in the same months..
That this shortage in the exportntlona
is due in part at least to an actual re
duction in the number of cattle in the
United States is evidenced by the fact
that the total number of cattle on
farms, according to figures of the de
partment of agriculture, on Jan. 1 last
was only 50.527.000 against 72,534.000
on Jan. 1. 10<)7.
Still another evidence of the demand
in the United States for an increase in
its cattle supply is found in the figures
of the department of commerce, which,
show an enormous increase in the im
portation of cattle, the number import
ed into the United States in the eight
months ended with last month being
222,000 head against 12,513 head in the
corresponding months of 1907.
The table which follows shows for
the years 1007 and 1013 the number
and value of cattle on farms in the
United States, of those imported, of
those exported and the quantity and
value of fresh beef exported, tbe fig
ures relating to the eight months ended
with Februarj' of the years named: '
Number on farms Jan. 1. 72,534,000 56,527.000
No. Imported, 8 mos 12,513 222,000
Vniue imported, S mos.. $271,892 $3,670,000
No. exported, 8 mos 270,219 12,60S
Value exported, 8 mos.. $21,022,260 $759,491
rounds exported, 8 mos. 175.S06.643 4,709,047
Value exported $16,310,0^s $696,228
RUSSIA AND THE PRESS.
Among tbe prisoners liberated by
tbe Czar's manifesto issntri on the
occasion of the tercentenary of tba
R ouQtii ov d}nasty were a cum her of
newspaper and magazine writers.
Tnev had b* en imprisoned for do
o;her crime than that of <xerciHng
the right, of free press so loudly pro
claimed by Nicholas II on October
17 1905. Tbe fnedom of tbe press,
as well as th" o'ber "freedoms" so*
reluctantly granted to tbe Russian
puple after a bloody struggle wbich>
culminated in the convocation
of lite Duma, has proved to tho?a
spfekiDg to lift Rnesia out of her
?byts of ignorance and darkness a
rew ponrce of euffrring and torture.
The lawd governirg ihe press wera
rfpealrd and in their stead soma
?'temporary rules''intror!need, plac
ing thy iditors and publishers at tha
mercy of the govircora and gr&donat
cbalniks (city cbiefe) who are em
powered to subj-ci tiiem to a fiat of*
500 rubles or to imprisonment not
to excetd three months for every
article tbey consider anti-govern
mental f r which in general does noV
inaet with their enlightened approv
al. Toe censorship, although offic
ially abolished, still exists. Many
an editor, not wishirg to risk ht?
liberty or to pay a benvy fine, snb
mits his * copy'' to ep cially ds&igoa
ted tbinoviUa for 4 O. K." Bat aucb
censorship, while gau.iug for hioa
immunity from tbe governor does
not save bim from indictment and a
prison term -f tb" Procurator or tbe
Committee on Atfai's of the Press,
later finds some o! jectior.able matter
in his \ nblio?tion. Tins pr?oariou*
position of the Rupsuo press, this
Consent fear o' fii?e and imprison
o ert, haa lasted since Nov-rwher 24,
1895, and tbe Russian goYernnent it
a^p4r? n11 y in i/O haata to cnaot iawa
wl?ich would put i' oo a more secure
fooling ? Fr m MTbe Progress o?'
the World," in the Review of Re
?icwi for April,
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