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The Pioneer Pres
"HERE SHALL TtfB PRE6S, TDK PEOPLE'S EIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNAWED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRlBED BY GAIN." ESTABLISHED 1882, MARTINSBURQ, W, Ya.? SATURDAY, NOVEMBER lf 1913. VOL. 32 NO. 35 frostburg's Great Teacher Trof, T, W . Gordy, the talented -and progressive principal of our 'tobool ib certainly poshing bis school 4o the front. He is ona of those rare ^characters of tbe race who will not consent to be satisfied with condi* lions which do not measuro up to tbe 'modern ideas of advanced instruc tors, With him tbe very best is none too good for tbe school over ?which be exercises supervision. 'Hence he has secured for his build - >ing electric lights, new beating e'ovee a changing around of furniture *bich has greatly improved the ap pearance of the clases room and will ?make it possible to more priperly (heat tbe build'ng ia cold weatber. 'The Assistant Sopt. under the late (democratic administration told tbe "writer that Prof. Gordy's claes rooms were better ventilated than any oth tkr building. Said hf: Whenever I 'enter his class rooms I can detect at ?once that sweet, pure atmosphere bo essential to tbe health of both teach ers and pupils. And so we found it. Everything clean and tidy, pupils looking bright and cheerful, with no sign of drowsiness which is always apparent when the ventilation is -defective. Tbe Professor certainly understands tbe science of ventila tion. OatBlde one can easily see cleanli. ness and good drainage. No filth of any kind is allowed to accumulate, and it is no unusual sight to see bim at work early in the morning with shovel and rake, cleaning ditches, -raking np leases and anything else thai is likely to accumulate in the vicinity of the school premises. Aft ?n instructor, be is a topnotcber? -everything is made plain and com prehensive. Nothing is left to be guessed at?tbe pupil gets the fall benefit of tbe best that is in him. Over and above bis many exacting duties be finds tiooe to see tbe people in their homes to meet them socially. &n tbe local assemblies of tbe white teacbtrs be holds 9 membership, not -at a listener only, but as an active worker. When tbe time comes for -him to handle a subject, as tbe say. ing goes, "he is there with the goods. >He is a plodder and a digger alter -knowledge, and so like tbe Indian's gun, he is always ready to shcol and be rarely ever misses tbe bull's eye. Since be bas been here be has probed his work forward so rapidly that three of his pupils are now at 8tate Normal No. 3, and another is in his third year at Storer College, Harper's Ferry. Tbie bas never before happened in tho history of this sobool. In this good woik he is ably sec onded by bis assistant, Mrs. Nellie 'O Bell, a native of this ctty,wbo has charge of the primary department Mrs. Bell is an earnest, hard work ing instructor. Being endowed with -a considerable amount of native taU ent, together with an indomitable will, she is fast overcoming difll cultiee incident to earlier training and is forging abcad with every promise of success. She attended tbe summer sessions at Obey ney.Pa., and came back imbued with a greater determination to make her efTorte -tell for vbe good of tbe school. ,4By ?tbeir fruits ye eball know tbcm" and ber work is telling. Tbe Profes sor has opened a night school, which tvil 1 be followed by a literary society, Mise Cjra Gales, daughter of ou" popular tonsorial artist, is filling a clerical position in Baltimore. Iler father went down last Sunday and came back highly pleased wi.h tbo start his daagh te has m*dc. So you see Mr. Editor tbatold Froaiburg is not near bo bad as she has been painted. Some of our ministerial fuilures bave gone down and reported tbat this place is hopelessly doomed but the facts above eet forth luliy con tradict this. EDUCATION FOR LIFE Tbat Hampton and Tuskegee, schools for Negroes, are valuable not merely as excellent schools for tbc colorod race, but for their important contribution to the present vocation al education movement, is the dtcla fation of the United States Burom of Education, In a pamphlet just distributed by the Bureau, entitled "Education for Life," tribute is paid to the work of Hampton Institute and particularly General Armstrong, its founder, who is looked upon by educators as a pioneer in the field of practical education. 4'General Armstrong possessed to a remarkable degree the gift of edu cational prophecy,*' asserts Prof. Ptabody iD the introduction to the pamphlet. 4 He foresees and foretold with extraordinary precision the ten dencies and trsn-ilions which within the last 25 years have practically revolutionized the principles of edu cation. The training of tbo hand and eye as well as of the mind, the moral iffect of technical skill, the conception of labor as a moral force, the lest of education io efficiency, and the vanity of education without discipline in thrift, self help, love of work, and willingness to sacrifice? all these familiar maxims of modem vocational training were set forth by him with all the assurance of a social prophet.ty The pamphlet includes a brief sketch of General Armstrong's life and a collection of pit-by utterances on aims and methods of education, many of which are distinctly helpful to those interested in present prob lems, according to officials of the Bureau of Education. It is felt tbat General Armstrong's theory and demonstration of practical education have proved to be right, not merely for the races for wbich they were Immediately intended, but for bojs and grls everywhere, since they rep resent a euccessful attempt to work out one of the mo&t momentous task? of our time?that of creating an ed ucation tbat shall be an effective force for training productive, (fllo ient unmbere of society. WOMAN A HOUSE WRECKER. Works Beside Husband?Say# Strength Is the Teat of Equality. Merrlmac, Mass.?Mrs. Wlllard W. Chase, mother of five children, Is now a full flc<lged housewrecker, bavin* been taken Into partnership by her husband. She goes out to work with her husband every day and perforins tho inbor of tearing down houses with the vigor of an average man. "It's o grand thing for those women to be Interested In educational things and take up civic problems," paid Mrs. Chase. "But If women really want to get nnywhere lt'? high time they be tran to show that they are capable of dolnj? the same sort of physical work that the men do." "Ritual Murder" In Russia. * The oiviVz.-d world baa been wttobing wi'h interest the progress of tbe trial, at Kiev, Russia, of tbe young Hfrbrew, Mendel Bailies, so cosed of tbe morder, Hfor ritoal parpOfce&,n of a Christian boy, one Andrew Yushtchiasky. The body of tbe boy was fcond in u csVo in the subcib^ cf K;ev,[more than two years ego, ucd the tcmercoa stab wounds ou i< evidently suggested to tbe reactionaries tbe possibility cf obargicg tbt Jo? e silh tbe orime. According :o t upf rs-iticoa belief, tbe Jc?w9 oue C-hrie ihn blood in the making of their l?*3ter breui. Bcil isa, a workman ut a nenby brick yard, who is admitted evi-n by bis enemies to be bones', waa apprehend ed. As it ie cot uncommon in Rossis, l cme neceeeary evidence was uianii> factored with the cid of the police and members of tbe ' Black liou dred" sooie'.y, which i? always coper to incite an attack on tbe Jews. Bat it seems tbiit tbe combined efforts of his enemies have not been sufficient to incriminate an boneat man. After nearly two years of activity in col lecting alleged evidence, during which time the accused tn*n was kept in solitary confinement, eod denied even the privilege of consult ing bis lawyers, the "proof" c IT rrd at tbs trial was of each e fl m^y nature that even tbe reactionary anti Semitic Ic-Cil journal, tbe K'ev lyanian, protested editorially against the farcical proceedings. For this it was duly suppressed by tbe aa thoritiea. That tbe Russian Gdv ernment favors U12 4,ri:cti!" murder ihcory can be eeen from tbe ftc; tha'. the former chief of the 6ecret police at Kiev, who has been con ducting an independent investigation aod oame very near dieeovering tbe real perpetrators of tbe crime and laying bare the motives of tbe conspiratore, has been suspended frcm office, tiird on some trumped op cherge9, and im priooned. But, perceiving how this attempt to revive a long'forgotten soperstiiion sod incite the ignorant mob to violence against the Jews bah impressed tbe entire thinking world, 'he saner elements among tbe Kus sian reactionaries bave been trying to minimize tbelfligmficance of tbo case and bave urged tbe necessity cf its speedy ditpo*al wi:h 0 eemblance of legality.?Frcm tbe "Progress cf tbe World," in tbe American Keview of Reviews for November. BULLETIN?OFFICE OF FOR EST, GAME AM) FISU WAR DEN, BELINUJTON, W. VA, THE "BOB WHITE." Mrs. Margaret N.oe, of Ulark University, gives the following ae eaten by oaphve birds. E^cb nurn ber given represent ibe ineeote eaten daring a single urieul by one bird Obincb boge, 100; j-qaasb bugs, 12 plant lice, 2.32G; grasshoppers, 30 Army worms, 12; moequitos, 568 potato beetle?, 101; wbi'.e grabs, 8 The same lady gives a list of 129 weeds, Ibe seeds of wbich are emtn by rhid liule gleaner. These poods are digested oDd the germs tbua de? K-lOJfii. Tbe number of seeda taken at a tingle meal by one bird vaine from 105 setcjd of stjpltweed apd 400 of pigweecl 10 5,000 of pigeon and 10,000 of Iamb's quarter?; while the cumber taken in one da; by one of tbefle birds varies from 600 cf bardook to 30,000 of rabbit'* foot clover. If we tako as our measure, tbs quantity of weed seeds and ineecte ejten by a captive Qaail, as given above, we God tbat a family consist ing of two adult birds and ten young would oonaume 780 915 insects and 59 707,888 weed seeds in a year, in addition to tbeir other food. Do You Wawt Them To Become EXTIlfOI? Tbe "game hog1' and tbe severe winters of this climate will soon do kheir work, and this beautiful bird cf tbe heme, the farm, the garden and Held, the friend and companion of mankind, tbe much needed helper on tbe farm, the destroyer of ineeot peats and weeds, will become extinc, aud bis cheery, interrogative coll will be no longer beard, unless the eportsmen and farmers devise aome means for his projection. Will You IIelp Protect Tiiem? ! Farmers who have covey* of these j birds on tbeir farms during tbe win. J tor, when the snows are deep and tbe) Qaail's food scarce, oould make no better investment than to ecatter liberal amounts cf grain in the vi cinity where these birds stay, ac,d thos keep them alive until tbe snow6 ore gone and tbey conld again fir:d food for themselves. O.vio and several other ?S ates haye plt:c d a closed season on these bird**, bat West Virginia law allows tbem to be killed from tbe Grat day of November until Ibo Oral day of De cember, with a bug limit of 12 bi d9 per day, or 96 in a eeoaon, which abould be a sufficient numb r for any true sporteman. Sep tbo.t tbis law is observed and a sufficient num ber left to furnish nioe broods for next Beaeon. Let ?'protect the quail" be the slogan cf tbe farmer, the bunter and every other good citiz-n of onr sU'e. Talk protection, ^ive protcc'ion wtenever yon can, and see that your friends do tbe same, WIFE HIDES HIS WOODEN LEG Do?3 It to Enable 8orv?co on Him of Divorce Papers. ?Toilet, 111.?Rosa Novak, twenty years ohl, who married Anton Kurd inn a of Detroit hero about a month ago, took off her husband's wooden log and kept It hidden until ho wns nerved with pa pers notifying h1tn of her ?ult for di vorce. Mrs. Kurdlnna hnd been told by a friend that no papers could 1m* served on Kurdluna If he left tho state und the suit would fall. When ho nwoko he found his artifi cial limb gone and shouted from a hotel window for help. His brldo would not tell the police where f?<he had bidden tho support until a deputy sheriff arrived with tho notico of her putt LOSES 3 SONS IN ACCIDENTS. Flying Ax Kills Baby, and MuU Kloks Others to Death. Birmingham, Ala.?George Hogg. a farmer, of Searle, Tuscaloosa rounty, lost three children In a single day. While he was cutting wood his ax flew from the handle and struck his In fant i;on In the head, killing him FT<> farrled the lr>dy to his home and there learned that two of his young sons had been kicked to death by a mule. Anecdotal Literature By W. G. Modified Tii\nk3. A Gemma with bis young son, was etanding on the wharf watching the movements of the boats, when suddenly the son lost his b>l ?noe audi fell into the water. A finely dressed athletic young man suddenly jumped iu, and wifcli great difficulty landed l.im ut tbo feet of his parents, and this :a what the father said: "Many danks, but vot luf you done mit his hai?" o * * Well Amended Gov. Sulzor apropos of a bad mova in a political conflict in Albany,said; ' Whether this move wine or not, I for one can't conntonance it." The governor bruehod buck his long thick forelock and added: "The end jastifi only the moans," o * * Explanation Needed, Morris??4' I i -v v e you heard about poor young Hicka' tronblo w;th hia wife?" Th'>mpsop ? "N- ! I've been oat of towu for ihe last month, what ia i ? Morri??He sent his office boy up to the house for his raiment one day last week and found a memorandum iu the packet reading, uJRibbon for typewriter," and Iiicks is having a devil of a time trying to explain." o That Gum. A witness at li e trial of the dyna miters in Iorii&ou;,oli9 annoyed the lawyer who wts q ibStioning him, by chewing gnm. 1 Please remove that gum,'' eaid tbe lawyer. The witness grinned, and kept on chewing. 'Your Houor," said the lawyer to ?Judge Anderson, I ouggeet that yoa instruot tho witness to remove that wad of p.um from his mouth. It rn k *? Li* replies indistinct.'' Jj%r9 Anderson turned to the vvilnea and said sharply; "Remove t'.at guml" The wilne*o started, gulped?and then Paid to the judge meekly: "I 's (ill light, your Honor. I've swallow; d it." * * o A Fair Cowpkomish. Crosby G iig-% a p*rtner in ono of fh< theatrical producing flrreeof New York City, recently had oeca f?;on to hire an oclor to play a emnll p^rt in a Western drama he was pa;tin;jj out A raiher well known ?ictor who prided in the art, applied '<>r ti?e plase. 1 Vou play a full blcod Bioux In dar 7 i xplaincd Gaige, The salary i? fif y dollars a wtekP "My dear hoy," flaid the actor, in 'i piiaid tone, 4 I've never woikcd for less thao a hundred dollars,wh:ch h my regular pric "Kift y doll^rf-!" et,id Gaige caln-'y, *T??k? it or leavt!" The i>ctor coi sidered over a min u'e "I'll take it," he eaid; ' ut I em't pUy a loll b'ood Indi-in for fif'y <?(?!? I>rs. I'll play him as a hilt breid "