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An Independent Weekly Newspaper Deveted to the Moral, Religious and Financial Development of Humanity. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION? 1 year $1.50 6 Months 75c. 3 months 40c. Fay for all advertisements Is due la advance unless advertising Is run by yearly contract. In which case the ad vertiser pays every tliree rrcnths. Ad vert is lag 1 Inch cue time 75c. Standing 50c Reduced Rates to Clubs. Send for Sample Copies. Entered in Post Office at Martins burg. W. Va., as Second Class Matter. J It Clifford, Editor and Proprietor. Drawer 869, and Bell 'Phone 60K, Miartlnsburg, W. Va. SATURDAY,FEBRUARY 28 1014 Since President Wilson l as appointed R. H. Terrell, Esq , as Magistrate ?,i the District of Columbia in spile of Jim Vardaman's defi, let us hope hp may gn out of office in jmilar glory that at tached to Grover Cleveland. The time has never been in the histo ry of this country whe i the colored people h'id hb many s'alwart irieud", and the vast number is being added to daily. We believe as firmly that God is completing Lincoln's work ?begun, as we do He created Lincoln to serve the end he did. The write up by Mr. Surrmers of Washington , D." C., dead democracy '> icout and picket, shows plainly two things: i, that ha and his late partv are afraid of the combine, and bv hie expo sure it may break it up. 2, ho far as hiH alleged charge of editor Ogden's vile words of Roosevelt. it shows that wine menchaoge, fools never. It is not what we call men in a rage, but wh.?t di-.^pos 1 fcion is made of it in afier thought oi cool deliberation. Mr, Ogden is de??d a gainst your scheme and in too shrnwd cr you. How race prophets(?) can couRregat e in a church pastored by 8. L. Uorroth era, find fault with 6ur people's prog ress, and foresee darker days, and not blame just such thieves, liars aud ras cals as 8. Li. Corrothers, puzzles us. And Prof. DuBois and all other over and under educated wiseacres should forever hereafter stop talking about the Negro problem. There is none. It's a white man's problem, aud when men will forget the dollars in love and duty to man and apply the golden rule to all God will be pleased. * kGo to church?to any church, just so jou go.7' That was the slogau for Sunday February 22, 1014. Was it a national freak-streak? or was it a wedge that will split and destroy that ugly old knotty log of prejudice?the blackest and most damnable blot the churches nurse and feed? All our efforts to get Protestants to go church, no doubt was risible to Cathol ocism, from the fact their churches are the childrene' home and they are made to love them. Not only had they a *1000" dsy last Sunday here, but they have it every Sunday. To be frank, it looks to us. as though we have lost the power over the outside world to draw it into our churches. It may be dona, but mark our word it will never be, by such steps as were taken recently. That work must be done in the homes, and they sre too much absorbed in fash* ions, vulgar dances and in general dis obedience, to heed the cries of churches, whose finery in buildings, and interest n the dollar, have done much to keep the seats empty. STORY OF A YEAR TOLD IN PICTURES The North American Offers To Readers an Unusual Record. A very unusual publication ,aloug en tirely new lines, is the North Amiri. can's "History of the Ye<ir in Pic tures," a book that covers with artis ic photographic reproductions all the.rbig events of,l#13 that could be treated successfully in such a way- The book' 120 pages in board covers,costs 25 cents, and is a faithful remioder of the year . Nearly 500 finely i printed halftones are made use of in telling the story of the yrar. The events so ^treated will surprise the busy man, who would find himself stamped if called upon to namt a score of^tbe great occurrences u year. Th* plague iu Manchuria, the world's great inventions, the inaugura* tiou, the war in the Haitians, the com pletion ot the Panama canal. naval ad varices, the conquest of the air. the suc cession of giea't rulers, women and the vote, lighting disea>e. labor troubles, the western tl< ods. He tJeitvnbuig cele bration and numbers *?f other events are fully and faithfully pictured aud photographed. < The North American l>ook is a faith ful book of reVrence for young and old students of eurren* evui s. It is sur prisingly Rood ?.nd .-ui pnsmgly cheap. Price, 25 ceuJsr. by mail, 10 cents ex tra Anecdotal Literature By IV U No Mothkk Knows. A poor doctor who liad met with great misfortune, lay on his deathbed, laddered by the i houiiht that he was leaving a large fam ly behind him,with out any provision of m liutenance. Not ion;: befoiv his deat h Iiin youngest L'hild via-? horn, a scrawny, puny babe The mother was ot c.iuise left poor, friendUss and alone, wnh her family of i ittle ones, but i hat b*l>\! what could Bhe do with ii? What* blessing if it should die! Hut? today liis memory is leveled us that of Dr. John 'J\ dd . t!??* author of "The St udeniH .Vanual," Mid of other works,by means of which, ' being dead, he yet frpeaketh." No mother knows -ahat she. has iu her cradle. ? * o Dr. Abkrnatii y's Gkatitudic. Dr. Aberuathy, the famous Scotch surgeon, was a man ol lew words, but he once met his match?.n a wnmao. She ca led at his ollice in Kdinburg one day a:;d showing a hand badly inflamed and swollen, when the following dia logue, opened by ihe doctoi, look place. 14 Burn?" '?Bruise?" ' Poultice." Tne next day Llie woman called again, and the dialogue was as follows: "lietter?" "Worse." "More poultice." Two da\H later the woman made another call, and this conveis ition oc curied: "Better?" "Well." "Fee." "Nothing," exclaimed the doctor "Moat sensible woman I t vt-i met." o * * ATTlhE "Is that your regular suit ol clothes, Josh?" asked farmer Cornstalk of Ins sou. It is the correct thing. right from ihn fashion plate." ?'Well! well! I thought, web he you had to wear it because some o' your college chums is hazin' you." O * * CIRCUMSTANCES ilLTISK CASKS. Mis* Pink?"Ellas- why have you again asked me to uiarrv you? I told you emphatically, thiee mouths ago, that I could never love you." Ellas?" Y-es but L've fallen heir lo a fortune since then. Miss Pink? Golly! tha? allern the cas ." o * * A y.xlLUKlfi. Not long ago a en tain wealthy, man praiBed in pub.ic tin his achievements in the interests of ni- nunie city, rose and said before his cheering fellow citi zens: "My whole life is ja failure, fur every one of my boys has gone lo the dotfs." His bo>e had too much money to spend, and knew not the worth, of a dollar. Allow childien to wallow in luxury, and you will ruin them f jr life- Allow them to spend every peun they get und life later will be a aiise.y to them Grant them every wish ^hat your purse can meet, and you will teach them nev er to be satisfied and contented. CONVICT ALLOWED TO GO TO SON'S FUNEKAL A Case Without Precedent in the History of This State's Penal Institution. MOUJN'JDSVILLE, Feb. 24.?A. C. Bissett, serving 20 years in the peni tentiary, returned to that institution here yesterday after attending the funeral of his son, Ralph 13issett, at Keyser, yesterday. He was given three days' leave of absence by Gov. t Hatfield, the first time in the his tory of the institution this has been ?lone. Two guards accompanied J3is sett to the funeraL j D ELI N QU IS NT LA N SOLD L nt of Real Estate sold in tin- Ca<u? ly of Berkeley, .n the mouth of Jan. 1'J14 for the non p?\m?-nt of tuxe? charged theieon f.?r the \ ? at VJIl.and pun.'haM d by individuals. Akokn hlsTKUT I', W. loiter, !.??' 2t> Purcha^ei, K.ttz i>11 d Miller. Amt. U5. GKKA I.DSTt IW.N Div||ti< T Albeit I' i u. ? and J L Mm t-r, 11 T) a (.ireen >pr. vl? Purchaser Khi/ and Miller. Aint i.,2 Hi HKI<UF>\II.i K i dsTltK'T? E C-. II, II Hhaw, f>A a. N. Mountain. Purehaiei. Katz aud Miihr Amt 01) ? E K L w is. 12} a li. & (J K H. ? uiehiser. (1 E. Speights. An t. :r.;? Oil?F. U. P.?\no 28 a. Harper *s It d^e- I'us cimrer K'Uz, and Miller. An it 82 M i l.L C'UEfc K K'T?l.ewis <Jic.it Lot 22 Jii\v? d. 1'uii'ti. t-i*i. }.. 1 >. (. .> r o - oer. Amt. .8?. MaHTINSIU HU I )|STH!tT? Sijmh H hi/. Lot. Huieha.-t i ti.-or^e W. Muxitui Aint. 87 ?A<u:a v?. Miil.r S.v.d /. Mil Lot. I'u rch.tr- < i 10 I' ' i 11. f f ? ? r Am;. * ?>r? t?F.lirw I. .vii:<.??- liis. L i. l m ehaser. K S M.il?-r. An.t ?'l Mi?Pan') Sutton, I* (.,>11 ? t ? S. ?. I * i.. i I ?.<??. ii S Mn !er. Ami S ?? OPtQtoN I '1st i;!<: " 1' t opt-nlia*. e:. L'it 1 and 2, ? ii*. i\loi inw'h Adn, Purchaser. W. Morgan. Aint.^l.(*l ? Joha Eairin. Let i'J U. and L Ailn Purchaser. Kalz and Miller. An.t. 81 ? C, P, Rothwell, Lni 1 . li. li. KeltTing Purchaser. Kai/. and Miller. An.t 85 ? John Sutton. L >l Tab t-s Uoad. Pur chaser, Chap. l-eanl. Ami $4.23. The owner nf any real estate above described a.id sold. hi> hens, or assigns, or any person having a u^lu to charge such real estate tor a debt, may redeem the Fame by paying to the purchaser his heirs or assigns, within one year from the Hide thereof, the unmount spec ified as above, ynd t-uch addit:onal taxes thereon as niuy have been paid by the purchaser, his heirs <>r aat-igns, with interest on said purchese money and taxes at the iate of twelve per centum per annum, from the time il.e same may have been paid. Given under my hand this 2nd, day of Feb 1914, !?:, ! I T A BLEU, SiiKKH f, SALESMAN WAN 1Kb to look ai er our inieiesi m Bt-rkeliy a;.d adjac ent counties. Salary or Oomwission. Address LLNCOLN Oil, CO., Cleve land, O. LAW 01; Federal Investigator Holds Up Act to Maryland Legislature as Warning to State. | ANNAPOLIS, Mil., Feb. UO?brand ing as a disgrace to the nation the j passage by Congress of the Kenyon law, wiping out the "red light" dis ! triet of Washington without making ' any provision for its i.nmate$, Stan I ley VV. Finch, head of the National ! Social Welfare League, ana for many years connected with the United I States Department of Justice, Thurs day sounded a note of warning to | Maryland lest it do the same thing. .Mr. Finch's warning was delivered 1 to the members 01 the house ways and me.iHs committee and the senate finance committee, which had ar ranged a hearing lor a large delega tion that had come to Annapolis to urge State control of the Maryland Industrial School. Mr. Finch urged the committee to make arrangements for taking over the school, saying that unless such control is assumed, the State may lind itself iti the same position that the National Capital now finds itself. There are some objections to the idea of housing delinquent girls un der the same roof as now is being j done. Mr. Finch explained that by throw ing the two classes of girls together the method would work to the dis advantage of the dependents. He said the manner in which the in mates of Washington's "red light" district had been thrown into tie streets without any provision what ever having been made for them, was a blot on the national honor He pointed out that unless Maryland now takes the opportunity to provide for its delinquents it may find itself in a very awkward position when the reform wave, now brewing, sweeps over Baltimore. AN APPEAL 10 THE irnoii fi.)iT ihu ur,; iwi n-lji v? J:;i ? collecting niai>*riah> for lit; Ii.^i-.taliona! tixhibit.on of .iic liool t iuj..try jiiC. Grapine Arti p iq, r.iay-uc.obfcr, 1914. on act iii'.'L ol the celebration ol ?-ii'- i.*>oth An:ii\\ i.i.try of the Itoyai .\Ca(:< my for the fJraphic Arts audi ..0 Llook-iil'iusil y at i.i tier a.any: there v. .11 be; a great Exhibi . <;i made up an i ur^aiii/.c; . > ;ho\\ he Craphic products of ail people and nations from the earlio.s. i.:. : up to tho:;u (Jays. The plai: ? ii. ? exhibition :>lio\\s the followiui i-i groups: !. Graphic Arts; i!. Ap ;?:! d Graphic:. and Look-making, 1 i lusirating; iii. I nstnuciion, Educa tion, Schools: IV. Paper Manufac turing; V. Stationery and Writing .Materials; VI. Colors, Lithographic: :iiiti Copper-plates; VI!. Photography; \ ill. iteproduction; IX. Streotvpy, Electrotypy; X. Printing Processes; XI. bookbinding; XII. Publishing, book-trade; Xlli. Newspapers, Ad vertising, Canvassing. Periodicals; XIV. Libraries; XV. Machinery; XVI. Measures for the Protection and Welfare of the Workers, etc. These groups have been subdivid ed into about lio classes. Each group is to be introduced by a his torical and a technical instructive de partment. The developm nit and the position in the history of civiiiza tion of tlie various branches of tin book industry will be clearly de:n * onstrated, models and apparatus fo: demonstrating purposes and the cin enintographic art will. be shown. Tin publications of booksellers and music publishers will be brought d: roctly to the nollce of theV pub'i' through the medium of libraries an: reading rooms, through lectures ?ublic readings, recitations and con cert irecitals. Anything in our mind will bo under the banner of tin "black art." Many learned societir. and associations connected with tin ?book industry will have their con presses and meet at the exhibitio: g! mnd. When I read the r.cws I asked my ;elf if it would be possible io shov. it the exhibition come exhibits o :he negro people in America, ir. ^hose matters I am especially inter jsted. So , I come to all willing t o lelp me in my undertaking, to ask [o>r their cooperation while collect ng exhibition matters. Any printings, writings, photos, pictures out of the slavery time un .il this day will be welcome. Pupils and students, lessons, school plans and pictures, photos of professors, teachers, students and miildiiigs, whole models of publish ng liouses, Schools, Colleges anu Universities will be heartily accept ed. Likewise drawings of scholars ind students. Authors or publishing houses should send of all books and pam phlets and writing they have pub islied one or better two copies with order blanks that every exhibiton /isitor may have the opportunity of ordering the exhibits through my self. .bodges, banks, societies and oth zr. organizations should contribute iome amount to cover the cost of certain matters to ho bought while lot on the market Editors shou'd send the best they lave, if possible a model of the vhole business plan. Here is an opportunity for the Colored people of Amcrica and for| hose who have devoted their lives t o the culture-work among the color- j id people, to demonstrate what they ? lave done already and what they ould do in the future. Another im inrtant feature while collecting ex libition materials is that all will iave great value for the future, as he great Museum-library of Leipzig rill participate in the exhibits when he fair is over. vou will have no expenses to pay or the exhibition of what you send. [ will care for that. But whatever ou send writs your name upon it. Please do what you can In the matter. Write about vour help as soon as possible and seiiu your ex hibits?oid or new, yocu and bad? to PASTOR PAl.'L O. 1112N i'SCll, Ciundorfi r >tr 1, I, i<.?Mpzig-in. Ccrmaiiy. Other negro papers are asked to pr nt the foregoing hues or Pastoi} l ? ? ntseh in their r? speetivc coJumnal i"I i m rJlJl'i OK. I WHAT THE RATES MEAN. ? ]t seems pretty v?eii es;ablisned by m formation published in llie New \ one Sun, tiiat tiic o'l easiern rail .?;aus liiai have pcikioneu the Inter .ull' Commerce l_ oiumia^ion for ino ..^ht la increase Height rates live v 4 t>j11, tiii' ^i j i iii leas 0.ne concessions, and tliat the re .el will be announced April 1, a! i.ougii the new sciieuuie will not :.vciy become effective until Septeni .>? r. i iii.> v.oiiclua'it.ii is drawn from aie fact that it lms become known j.at members of the Commission and . committee oi' representatives of the ailroads iiavc been working on a .ie\v schedule of tarilVs. The deduc ion is made that !?' ii:. .. are ciiang ing tiie tariffs at ail it must K" in an upward direction. in the absence of definite otlkial ii-formation it is impossible to fore exactiy what concessions ,?? i 11 be made to the curriers. There seems, low ever, to be reasonable ground for Assuming that the full live per cent a*ill be granted, although at the same [line some restrictions may be placed }:i the railroods, such a.-> compelling .hem to discontinue tee practice of ^?bating to industrial establishments ii' .-h recently was crticised by the 'on: iiission. On the whole tiie un oiiicial forecasters seem convinced :hat the Commission recognizes the 1.'ccssity of iiie carriers getting larg r revenues, everything considered. Tiiis will be good news to the in ? v.strial world for il is conceded that he granting of a material increase i the freight rates will be followed ..y a period of increased expenditure ?* money by the railroads for new equipment, extensions and improve ments, and this will make all branch es of industry hum. WITH ELM MIN9 HE gyro'f 3uro a on a a rr* b:i' k j Mas Dan Only Remember Throe tvsnis In His Lhs. Pullman, Wash.?The most reiiarka ble ease of lost identity ev? J" brought to the attention of llie instructors I in psychoiog.v at tlie Slate college is I ih:it of ;i man about thirty-live years old. intelligent mid of stu? ions iuclina | tions, who enrolled in the department , of civil engineering at the beginning of the college year. He gives the name | of William Sr.minerville. but the col | .?>go authorities have no proof that (hat is his true name. Every ro< <,Ke< t ion of his past life is blotted from his memory with th<? ex I cep'ion ,'f tlirce items. j Suni'.i.erville S<jys that he remeinbors clearly that iiis parenb- were drowned j in the (Jalveston Hood. Hosides this. ! he has a faint remembrance of seeing Maude Adams, the actress, and of be ing a member of a surveying crew in central Washington sonic months ago. I An examination of Sun iocrville by the college professors in psychology shows that ho has an ac<ji aintance of surveying instruments. but that he is deficient in a Knowledge of mathemat ics essential to/the practical surveyor. lie has proved an industrious stu dent and spends much spare time in the college library reading works on history and science, lie seems famil iar with textbooks on botany and trig onomet ry. Sumruerrille is tall and well built and speaks with a southern accent. He is paying his expenses at the col lege by day labor on l.he new college building. NO LIMIT TO POSTAL SAVINGS. Houes Passes a 3 i 11 to Revise System. Washington.?The house has passed a bill increasing the limit for individ ual dGposi/ors in the postal savings system by removing all limitations as to the amount a depositor may keep to his credit. Heretofore there has been a Hir.it of $.">00 for ,-j depositor.