Newspaper Page Text
?l)e pioneer press
An Independent Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Moral, Religious and Financial Development of Humanity. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION: 1 year $1.50 t months 75c. t months 40o. P*y for all advertisements is due in advance unless advertising is run by yearly contract, in which case the ad Tertlatr pays every three rr.cntlis. Advertising 1 inch one time 75c. Standing 50c Raduced Rates to Clubs. Sond for Sample Copiei. Entered In Pest Office at Martlns burg, W. Va., as Second Class Matter. J It. Clifford, Editor and Proprietor. Drawer 869, and Bell 'Phone COK, Ifiartinsburg, W. Va. 8ATURDAY, MARCH 21. 1914 Mrs. Elizabeth Clifford, of Williams port, Grant County, West Virginia, our stepmother and wife of Isaac Clifford, deceased, died the 13th in stant. May glorjous be their reun ion. Mr. T. Edward Hill, of Keystone, W. Vs., stopped over bere en route home from Lynchburg. Va , and Washington. D. O., Monday and Tuesday of this week. Mr. Hill it a lawyer and editor, and a man of considerable inllueuce in tbe ?action where he liven. He has a num bar of waim friends in our city, who arc always glad to shake his loyal hand. He and the newt paper of which he is part owner and one of the editors?(The McDowell Times)?always ring true for the interests of hie people and the popu lace in general. Anyone who knows John Mitchell, Jr., aditor of the Richmond Planet, is well aware of his fighting proclivities whan assailed, therefore no surprise n evinced by his intimates when they note the great victory be has won over Su preme Chancellor S. W. Green, of the Knights of Pythias, and those who fol low his dictates. The injunction granted our brave friend, by tbe U S. Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, threugh Mr. Justice Gould, goes clearly into all of the questions involved in the ooniroversy, and shows fully to any fair minded man that bad the Supreme Lodga of Pythians dealt juslly with Mr. Mitchell and the Virginia Pythians, there would have been no necessity for any recourss to a court of justice for a final adjimra?u'. of mutters. Congr<?tu latione Brother Mitcholl, and may you continue to win tonown alo?/g t?il linca in tbe future an you have in the j a*t. it the wish of the Pioneer Press. Hon. M. P. Sliawkey, State Super intendent of Free Schools is the loser by (death of a loving father, whom he buried last week. While he is a great man, his mother is greater, for Bhe made him what he is. You both will live a reunited life. Tc know Mir. Shawkey is to quickly learn to love him. That he is deep ly interested in the colored people's welfare, let the following attest. He arrived at Martinsburg the 12th ol February past about 8.30 P. M. and was met and greeted by men of note and distinction. On? of the party had been jnvited to a Lincoln Mem orail meeting and in excusing him to go, the Hon. Mr. Shawkej begged to be excused and came tc our meeting. Took the whole thing in joyfully and gave us a splendid speech and stayed with us until near ly 11 o'clock. Blessed be the name of such a man and may every negrc in this state vote for him for an\ place whenever he gets a chance. For humanity'a sake. let agitatora get down to facts that benefit human be ings, now that the cigarette excitement, the go to church fever and many other matters as important have had their day and have (one to sleep. Nex t to atten tion given to Mexico, cornea in the ced ar ruet(V) aod destruction of such trees. Cedars have always existed. Why have they not in other days played havoc with frait tres?? Possibly, since need will not produce like fruit any more, it may be the fault of nurserymen. Hu< let us throw tbe oedar ru*t to the winds, and deal with facte so harmful to the poor bard working people of all colors. Most all corporations ia this state work man, no matter how poor and needy they ba, for two waaka before paying them and then only pari of it. keeping back theh money for two more weekn, then pay with a r?-??-rvation of two weeks | ay in the office- It* ihat right? Assuredly not. Such corporations have store* arid the meu me Compelled to buy of them. Added-to this if any of the workers want some of their money held buck they h*ve to pay 10 cents on a dollar for it. Tins is not true, howev er, of the U'air Limestone Company. Taey check their men off auy tilne with, out co ntnisoi >n and have churches and school houses for their meu. If our nxr- legislature will remedy Jthete robber evile, every one can be reelected, or uny man who is just enough to agitato the destruction of so rott< n a system can go as high in poli tics as any man Ins ? ver done. PltoF DuBois. We have al wayh co..tended, and still do, that oui worst foes are of our own. True education makes men humble, simple in style, c ictoiu and the use of language?the Son of God for example. 8^d. however, that so f< w um truly educated. It is so much betur to do tomething of lantinK g >od than t.i be constantly telIn g o1.hers hnw t ? do things. That Negro editor* h *v._? don* the race incal calable good. ar?<l lieelv given much of their space in defer.to of Prof. Do Hois is a fact undsniab ?> In comperiwat ion for it, how cruel in him t ? find fuult with the language they use Dr. DulioH should kno-v thit our language is in iteelf imperfect, hecce how can men use it perfectly? The gieat object with conscientious writers is to use it to do others good In doinuj eo, how much better it is to lose sight of the studied beauty of language, and write it so it can be understood. How would Dr. DulJois compare with Macauley, Hlackstone. Frederick Doug lass, Abraham Lincoln. i'lbert Hubbard and thou6aDds of others wtfo never went to college. All ihe colleges of the world declare Lincoln's lai.guHge was and is the best ever written by man. Did he go to college? No! Was ever a child born poorer? What about Shaks* peare? It DuUois greater than he was? His wuB a hurd life. Hia forbears were sea pirates, who used the skulls of men out of which they ate their food. Men only are great who try in honor to be great- It is only such that God helps. But those whose educat on teaches them there is no God, as a certain book bears testimony all through lis pages, are dangerous lights along the shore of time. They are a netwoik of oxcitabilily, live and die with nerves crying for rich blood and solid thought. Wo beseech Dr. DuHois to reud carefully the 14ih. Chapter of ths first Corinthians. Il .a more than necessary that the \s lioie world should now and hence forth take seriously into considera tion the word white. It has been held up as a supreme sign of super iority and with little or no investi gation to prove to the contrary, it is the dominating and uniflc power to rule or ruin. There is no color on earth that the power or absence of the sun did not make. To illus trate: In the extreme north every body is white, and the same is true at the south pole. Leave either or both poles and travel toward the cen ter, and as gradually as you go, color changes, until the torrid zone is reached where no white can be found, but earth's rarest beauties are. That people have gone as crazy over the word white as they havj over fashion is demonstrated every day and hour. It is possible that the real narrowly contracted ones with all they have 011 their backs, actually it is a passport into story. It is the mind and not the color that makes the man. So crazy are American peo ple over what never has existed, "white people' that congress was afraid to pass a law to prevent the use of arsenic in food products for no other purpose than to bleach them whiter. As to white: whoever saw a white living being? Snow is white. What people look like were they white as snow? " i When eating meat, no difference s made whether the sheep, beef or hog, had white or black skins; and even if the extreme hot heads in halr-d on color, know it they would eat tin meat and declare that tho black skins did not hurt or change tho meat. Feed hogs, horses, sheep, cat tle and all kinds of fowls, do the white ones refuse to eat with the black ones, or vice versa? No and ?IL. J .111 .1 I 'J .?1- L JL-1 No again. Why then should peo~>t?1 be fools over their color? and unite to deprive, destroy ami deny ail other> of their common rights? Anecdotal Literature w li. TilK Yo'Xi IfJEA Recently Senator Snn>oi'.? boy eamo to him with a pitiful story of a woman who uei-ded a position- The woman'ti ?ou whi hi? playmate. The SenatorV sou pleaded and her hutsbnnd ? w y with tlio tubeiculoMH So elcqtinit'\ did theyouni; orator plead. th*?t th? Senator finally detridrd to do wut he couid to aid th- w ? man. H>* af>k<ed for her and found 'hat the htory of hf?r need and worthiness wim true and finally not I.?m pofitioi nifticient for her huppoi t. JrO'nedavs a'^r v<un.'S>nn> ? eceived a t^ii(-r hn<i th?* I' ? ? aw a ti \ e dol ar b 1 f il out. II" d !i) fi'le'l the reason for such et c-o.-nji < ?. :?r.d txkin# ihe IpltiT -i t V i' <? 71 ? ? ?. I Jill f> x r('w? lon t.ta '*?? fr ?? ii .nr' tnotoer. ami reao : ' Inclo-ed find So mntead of the Si which niv hiiii prcmnifil jou nhoo'd have if \ ou obtain d inc thr position The Senator to d t*e youn^ foil, that government p^sitiona are cot given ev?*n to the nredy. on a c.immicsion baaia. Needlees to add that 'be money wna r eturned, A Commandment. A teacher in a big elementary school had given lessons to an infant class on the ten commandments. In order to teat their memories, she said: "Can any little child give rn? a com mandment with only four words in it?" A hand was raided immediately. "Well," said the teacher. ' "Keep off the grass," was the reply. o * * oI.ICIv. A gentleman sent a lad with a letter to the Post Oflice, aud money to pay the postage- Having returned with the money, he said: "Guess I've done the thing slick; I s.tw a good many folks puttin' letters in th?* Post Oftlce through a hole, and no I watched my chance and got mine in for nothing. o * * Finesse Ke ator Cummins, discussing a cam paign victory smd smiling. "It was won h finesse. The finesse displayed in it r mind* me of a Concord banquet "Why is it that you fellows are omitting wine from your banquet this ear'/ one Concord man ankad another. "So as to mike sure of the presence of the A1 after dinner speakers of the o >untry," was the reply. W*j have invi ted them, and they won't dare to st.iy away. " tkWhy not?" Because that if they did, people would say: "There wa? no wine there.1' o ?* * Chips The majority of men who "rob Peter to pay Paul, neglect to pay Paul. Marriage and divorce are represented by a hitch and a kick Money is pretty tight with the man who has no loose change. Money talks, but genera! ly through a long-distinct phone. JSTOIIY OF A YE Ail TuLO IN PICTURES Tiik North American Offers To Readers an Unusual Kecord. A very iw.usual publication .along en uuly new lines, i? H e North Arneri can's "History of the Year in inc lines," a book thai covers with artis ic photographic reproductions all the big events ot 1(J13 that could be treated successfully in such a way. The book* ll'U pages in board covers,costs 2-5 ceuts and is a laithful ri-miLderof the year. Nearly 5UU titit ly printed halftoues at e nude use of in telling the story of they nr. The events so treated will suipn^e the busy man, who would And 111111i btutnped if cnlled upon to name j a sc >re ofthe great occurrences of the i y ar. The plague in Manchuria, the i world's ereat, inventions, the inaugura ! lion, the war in the Balkans, the com pletion ot the Panama canal, naval ad vatices, the cot quest, of the air, the suc cession <?f Kteat. rulers, women and itie vo'.e, lighting dit-eM>e. labor troub.ea. the western (loods, the Gettysburg cele braiion and numbers of other events are fully and faithfully pictured and AH mVlaL IflJIkP NtlMTBRHHREN for help while collecting materials t-ji l he i.-tcrnaiionai Exhioition of ihv Qooii-lfiuustry and Graphic ArtJ Lc r--'9? May-October, 1914. On account oi' tne ceiebrat.on 01 the IGuih Anniversary of tne Hoy;; I academy for the Graphic Arcs and tho Book-Industry -oi Leipi-i*;, Go: many; there wiil be a great i^xliib. tit/iv made up ana organised to show Jio Graphic products of all people, iands and nations i'rjm the earliest Jmes up to these days. The plan ji the exhibition shows the following io groups: i. Graphic Arts; II. Ap plied Graphics and Book-making, Il lustrating; ill. Instruction, Educa tion, Schools; IV. Paper Manufac turing; V. Stationery and Writing Materials; VI. Colors, Lithographic -s . :a Ouppcr-piatcs; Vii. Photography, VIII. Reproduction; IX. Streotypy, Electrotypy; X. Printing Processes; XI. Bookbinding; XII. Publishing, book-trade; XIII. Newspapers, Ad vertising, Canvassing, Periodicals; XIV. Libraries; XV. Machinery; XVI. Measures for the Protection and Welfare of the Workers, etc. These groups have been subdivid ed into about 63 classes. Each group is to be introduced by a his torical and a technical instructive de partment. The development and the position in the history of civiliza tion of the various branches of the book industry will be clearly dem onstrated, models and apparatus for demonstrating purposes and the cin ematographic art will be shown. The publications of booksellers and .nusic publishers will be brought di rectly to the notice of the pub'ic through the medium of libraries ani reading rooms, through lectures, public readings, recitations and con cert irecitals. Anything in our minds will be under the banner ""of the 'black art." Many learned societies and associations connected with the book industry will have their con gresses and meet at the exhibition gr Mind. When I read the news I asked my self if it would be possible to 3how at the exhibition some exhibits of the negro people in America, in whose matters I am especially inter ested. So I come to all willing to lielp me in my undertaking, to ask far their cooperation while collect ing exhibition matters:. Any printings, writings, photos, pictures out of the slavery time un til this day will be welcome. Pupils and students, lessons, school plans and pictures, photos of professors, teachers, students and buildings, whole models of publish ing houses, Schools, Colleges ana Universities will bo heartily accept ed. Likewise drawings of scholars and students. Authors or publishing houses should send of all books and pam phlets and writing they have pub lished one or better two copies wkh order blanks that every exhibiton visitor may have the opportunity of ordering the exhibits through my self. 1 Lodges, banks, societies and oth er organizations should contribute some amount to cover the cost of certain matters to i?e bought whilw not on the market. ; i Editors shou'd send the best they have, if possible a model of tlio | whole business plan. I Here is an opportunity for the Colored people of America and for those who have devoted their lives to the culture-work among the color ed people, to demonstrate what they have done already and what they could do in the future. Another im portant feature while collecting ex hibition materials is that all will photographed; The North American book is a faith ful b?ok of reference for younj? anrl old at uden's of current evemp. It, is sur prisingly $/ond and surprisinzly che^p. Price, 25 cents; by mail, 10 cents ex tra. ? i> ,*m>m i i, o va!ue for the future, m xi.s; feieut .Museum-library of Leipzig \v ill participate in ilu* exhibits whpQ the lair is over. x ou will have no expenses to pay for the exhibition of what you send. I will care for that. Out whatever you send write ycur name upon it. Please do what you can in the mutter. Write about, your help an rioou as possible and senu your ex hibits?old or r.e .v, good and bad? to PASTOR PAUL O. HENTSCH, Gundorferstr. 1, I, Leipzig-j^l. Germany. Other negro papers ar?! asked to prut the foregoing lines of Pastor llentseh in the r ruspective columns ?mis rjj >n J. II. CLIFFORD Attorney At Law MWRTINSBIJKG, WEST VIRGINIA. Practices in ail the Courts of West Virginia, the Supreme Court of Ap peals and the United States Courts. what is rr? Ten year < 111 t>inaiion 5'istrib ution (lartii'icsiff of VemWorship as devisen l?#y t .e American "orkmen Fraternal Insurance Company, of Washington, D. C., one of the rr ost liberal strongest Mid reliable fraterna institutions in the field. f or further pariiculars see O.E.V. JORDAS, GSX AtiEST, W.VA. Boom 2 K P. Buil'mno. 0 HAUL ESTO N, ? v\ . Vr A rvrnin OH INCOME TAX RETURNS international Revenue Collectors Warned By Secretary McAdoo Not to Disclose Information. Collectors of internal revenue have been warned by letter from Secre ary McAdoo that they must keep income tax returns strictly confi dential, and that to disclose any purt, of them is in violation of law. He further stated that the sslighte-:t infraction would result in severe punishment. "Please impress upon the collectors of internal revenue in every district in the country the importance of pr3 r.crving as inviolably confidential all Income tax returns," the letter of warning said. "Not only is this the law, but the point which I wish to impress upon them is that the depart ment will expect every collector and every employe to observe this law strictly, and that the slightest In fraction of it will be severely pun ished. I should like to have all the xollectcrs of internal revenue direct ed to keep vigilant watch over the employes, with a view to the prompt detection of any offender. It wculd ho nothing sliort of a scandal for I earnestly hope that it will not ?ie any of these returns to be given oat. veiop during this administration, or during any succeeding one, that any employe of this department could be ^o faithless as to violate the lav^s of his country or be indifferent *o his truHt." Many persons, it is dr'ci:ir^dt art their returns under protest, ??: -> that the money must be refunded :.n case t ue Siiverne Court declares tl-.e law unconstitutional. Year In Jail For Three Eggs. For stealing three eggs Charges Thomas, of Huntington, has begun a year's term in the state penitentiary. It was his second offense. Prens Ban Francisco labor organization will make a strong effort to secure the 1915 convention of tho American Federation of T^abor.