?l)e pioneer press
An Independent Weekly Newspaper
Devoted to the Moral, Religious and
Financial Development of Humanity.
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION:
1 year $1.50
t months 75c.
t months 40o.
P*y for all advertisements is due in
advance unless advertising is run by
yearly contract, in which case the ad
Tertlatr pays every three rr.cntlis.
Advertising 1 inch one time 75c.
Raduced Rates to Clubs.
Sond for Sample Copiei.
Entered In Pest Office at Martlns
burg, W. Va., as Second Class Matter.
J It. Clifford, Editor and Proprietor.
Drawer 869, and Bell 'Phone COK,
Ifiartinsburg, W. Va.
8ATURDAY, MARCH 21. 1914
Mrs. Elizabeth Clifford, of Williams
port, Grant County, West Virginia,
our stepmother and wife of Isaac
Clifford, deceased, died the 13th in
stant. May glorjous be their reun
Mr. T. Edward Hill, of Keystone, W.
Vs., stopped over bere en route home
from Lynchburg. Va , and Washington.
D. O., Monday and Tuesday of this week.
Mr. Hill it a lawyer and editor, and a
man of considerable inllueuce in tbe
?action where he liven. He has a num
bar of waim friends in our city, who
arc always glad to shake his loyal hand.
He and the newt paper of which he is
part owner and one of the editors?(The
McDowell Times)?always ring true for
the interests of hie people and the popu
lace in general.
Anyone who knows John Mitchell,
Jr., aditor of the Richmond Planet, is
well aware of his fighting proclivities
whan assailed, therefore no surprise n
evinced by his intimates when they note
the great victory be has won over Su
preme Chancellor S. W. Green, of the
Knights of Pythias, and those who fol
low his dictates. The injunction granted
our brave friend, by tbe U S. Supreme
Court of the District of Columbia,
threugh Mr. Justice Gould, goes clearly
into all of the questions involved in the
ooniroversy, and shows fully to any
fair minded man that bad the Supreme
Lodga of Pythians dealt juslly with Mr.
Mitchell and the Virginia Pythians,
there would have been no necessity for
any recourss to a court of justice for a
final adjimra?u'. of mutters. Congr<?tu
latione Brother Mitcholl, and may you
continue to win tonown alo?/g t?il linca
in tbe future an you have in the j a*t. it
the wish of the Pioneer Press.
Hon. M. P. Sliawkey, State Super
intendent of Free Schools is the loser
by (death of a loving father, whom
he buried last week. While he is
a great man, his mother is greater,
for Bhe made him what he is. You
both will live a reunited life. Tc
know Mir. Shawkey is to quickly
learn to love him. That he is deep
ly interested in the colored people's
welfare, let the following attest. He
arrived at Martinsburg the 12th ol
February past about 8.30 P. M. and
was met and greeted by men of note
and distinction. On? of the party
had been jnvited to a Lincoln Mem
orail meeting and in excusing him
to go, the Hon. Mr. Shawkej
begged to be excused and came tc
our meeting. Took the whole thing
in joyfully and gave us a splendid
speech and stayed with us until near
ly 11 o'clock. Blessed be the name
of such a man and may every negrc
in this state vote for him for an\
place whenever he gets a chance.
For humanity'a sake. let agitatora get
down to facts that benefit human be
ings, now that the cigarette excitement,
the go to church fever and many other
matters as important have had their day
and have (one to sleep. Nex t to atten
tion given to Mexico, cornea in the ced
ar ruet(V) aod destruction of such trees.
Cedars have always existed. Why have
they not in other days played havoc
with frait tres?? Possibly, since need
will not produce like fruit any more, it
may be the fault of nurserymen. Hu<
let us throw tbe oedar ru*t to the winds,
and deal with facte so harmful to the
poor bard working people of all colors.
Most all corporations ia this state work
man, no matter how poor and needy
they ba, for two waaka before paying
them and then only pari of it. keeping
back theh money for two more weekn,
then pay with a r?-??-rvation of two
weeks | ay in the office- It* ihat right?
Assuredly not. Such corporations have
store* arid the meu me Compelled to
buy of them. Added-to this if any of
the workers want some of their money
held buck they h*ve to pay 10 cents on
a dollar for it. Tins is not true, howev
er, of the U'air Limestone Company.
Taey check their men off auy tilne with,
out co ntnisoi >n and have churches and
school houses for their meu.
If our nxr- legislature will remedy
Jthete robber evile, every one can be
reelected, or uny man who is just
enough to agitato the destruction of so
rott< n a system can go as high in poli
tics as any man Ins ? ver done.
We have al wayh co..tended, and still
do, that oui worst foes are of our own.
True education makes men humble,
simple in style, c ictoiu and the use of
language?the Son of God for example.
8^d. however, that so f< w um truly
It is so much betur to do tomething
of lantinK g >od than t.i be constantly
telIn g o1.hers hnw t ? do things. That
Negro editor* h *v._? don* the race incal
calable good. ar?<l lieelv given much of
their space in defer.to of Prof. Do Hois is
a fact undsniab ?> In comperiwat ion for
it, how cruel in him t ? find fuult with
the language they use
Dr. DulioH should kno-v thit our
language is in iteelf imperfect, hecce
how can men use it perfectly? The gieat
object with conscientious writers is to
use it to do others good In doinuj eo,
how much better it is to lose sight of
the studied beauty of language, and
write it so it can be understood.
How would Dr. DulJois compare with
Macauley, Hlackstone. Frederick Doug
lass, Abraham Lincoln. i'lbert Hubbard
and thou6aDds of others wtfo never
went to college. All ihe colleges of the
world declare Lincoln's lai.guHge was
and is the best ever written by man.
Did he go to college? No! Was ever a
child born poorer? What about Shaks*
peare? It DuUois greater than he was?
His wuB a hurd life. Hia forbears were
sea pirates, who used the skulls of men
out of which they ate their food. Men
only are great who try in honor to be
great- It is only such that God helps.
But those whose educat on teaches them
there is no God, as a certain book bears
testimony all through lis pages, are
dangerous lights along the shore of time.
They are a netwoik of oxcitabilily, live
and die with nerves crying for rich
blood and solid thought. Wo beseech
Dr. DuHois to reud carefully the 14ih.
Chapter of ths first Corinthians.
Il .a more than necessary that the
\s lioie world should now and hence
forth take seriously into considera
tion the word white. It has been
held up as a supreme sign of super
iority and with little or no investi
gation to prove to the contrary, it
is the dominating and uniflc power
to rule or ruin. There is no color
on earth that the power or absence
of the sun did not make. To illus
trate: In the extreme north every
body is white, and the same is true
at the south pole. Leave either or
both poles and travel toward the cen
ter, and as gradually as you go, color
changes, until the torrid zone is
reached where no white can be
found, but earth's rarest beauties are.
That people have gone as crazy
over the word white as they havj
over fashion is demonstrated every
day and hour. It is possible that the
real narrowly contracted ones with
all they have 011 their backs, actually
it is a passport into story. It is the
mind and not the color that makes
the man. So crazy are American peo
ple over what never has existed,
"white people' that congress was
afraid to pass a law to prevent the
use of arsenic in food products for
no other purpose than to bleach them
As to white: whoever saw a white
living being? Snow is white. What
people look like were they white as
snow? " i
When eating meat, no difference s
made whether the sheep, beef or hog,
had white or black skins; and even
if the extreme hot heads in halr-d
on color, know it they would eat tin
meat and declare that tho black
skins did not hurt or change tho
meat. Feed hogs, horses, sheep, cat
tle and all kinds of fowls, do the
white ones refuse to eat with the
black ones, or vice versa? No and
?IL. J .111 .1 I 'J .?1- L JL-1
No again. Why then should peo~>t?1
be fools over their color? and unite to
deprive, destroy ami deny ail other>
of their common rights?
TilK Yo'Xi IfJEA
Recently Senator Snn>oi'.? boy eamo to
him with a pitiful story of a woman
who uei-ded a position- The woman'ti
?ou whi hi? playmate. The SenatorV
sou pleaded and her hutsbnnd ? w y
with tlio tubeiculoMH So elcqtinit'\
did theyouni; orator plead. th*?t th?
Senator finally detridrd to do wut he
couid to aid th- w ? man. H>* af>k<ed for
her and found 'hat the htory of hf?r
need and worthiness wim true and
finally not I.?m pofitioi nifticient for
her huppoi t.
JrO'nedavs a'^r v<un.'S>nn> ? eceived
a t^ii(-r hn<i th?* I' ? ? aw a ti \ e dol ar
b 1 f il out. II" d !i) fi'le'l the reason
for such et c-o.-nji < ?. :?r.d txkin# ihe
IpltiT -i t V i' <? 71 ? ? ?. I Jill f> x r('w?
lon t.ta '*?? fr ?? ii .nr' tnotoer. ami
' Inclo-ed find So mntead of the Si
which niv hiiii prcmnifil jou nhoo'd
have if \ ou obtain d inc thr position
The Senator to d t*e youn^ foil, that
government p^sitiona are cot given
ev?*n to the nredy. on a c.immicsion
Needlees to add that 'be money wna
A teacher in a big elementary school
had given lessons to an infant class on
the ten commandments. In order to
teat their memories, she said:
"Can any little child give rn? a com
mandment with only four words in it?"
A hand was raided immediately.
"Well," said the teacher. '
"Keep off the grass," was the reply.
A gentleman sent a lad with a letter
to the Post Oflice, aud money to pay the
postage- Having returned with the
money, he said: "Guess I've done the
thing slick; I s.tw a good many folks
puttin' letters in th?* Post Oftlce through
a hole, and no I watched my chance and
got mine in for nothing.
Ke ator Cummins, discussing a cam
paign victory smd smiling. "It was won
h finesse. The finesse displayed in it
r mind* me of a Concord banquet
"Why is it that you fellows are
omitting wine from your banquet this
ear'/ one Concord man ankad another.
"So as to mike sure of the presence of
the A1 after dinner speakers of the
o >untry," was the reply. W*j have invi
ted them, and they won't dare to st.iy
tkWhy not?" Because that if they
did, people would say:
"There wa? no wine there.1'
The majority of men who "rob Peter
to pay Paul, neglect to pay Paul.
Marriage and divorce are represented
by a hitch and a kick
Money is pretty tight with the man
who has no loose change.
Money talks, but genera! ly through a
JSTOIIY OF A YE Ail
TuLO IN PICTURES
Tiik North American Offers To
Readers an Unusual
A very iw.usual publication .along en
uuly new lines, i? H e North Arneri
can's "History of the Year in inc
lines," a book thai covers with artis ic
photographic reproductions all the big
events ot 1(J13 that could be treated
successfully in such a way. The book*
ll'U pages in board covers,costs 2-5 ceuts
and is a laithful ri-miLderof the year.
Nearly 5UU titit ly printed halftoues
at e nude use of in telling the story of
they nr. The events so treated will
suipn^e the busy man, who would And
111111i btutnped if cnlled upon to name
j a sc >re ofthe great occurrences of the
i y ar. The plague in Manchuria, the
i world's ereat, inventions, the inaugura
! lion, the war in the Balkans, the com
pletion ot the Panama canal, naval ad
vatices, the cot quest, of the air, the suc
cession <?f Kteat. rulers, women and itie
vo'.e, lighting dit-eM>e. labor troub.ea.
the western (loods, the Gettysburg cele
braiion and numbers of other events
are fully and faithfully pictured and
AH mVlaL IflJIkP
for help while collecting materials
t-ji l he i.-tcrnaiionai Exhioition of
ihv Qooii-lfiuustry and Graphic ArtJ
Lc r--'9? May-October, 1914.
On account oi' tne ceiebrat.on 01
the IGuih Anniversary of tne Hoy;; I
academy for the Graphic Arcs and
tho Book-Industry -oi Leipi-i*;, Go:
many; there wiil be a great i^xliib.
tit/iv made up ana organised to show
Jio Graphic products of all people,
iands and nations i'rjm the earliest
Jmes up to these days. The plan
ji the exhibition shows the following
io groups: i. Graphic Arts; II. Ap
plied Graphics and Book-making, Il
lustrating; ill. Instruction, Educa
tion, Schools; IV. Paper Manufac
turing; V. Stationery and Writing
Materials; VI. Colors, Lithographic -s
. :a Ouppcr-piatcs; Vii. Photography,
VIII. Reproduction; IX. Streotypy,
Electrotypy; X. Printing Processes;
XI. Bookbinding; XII. Publishing,
book-trade; XIII. Newspapers, Ad
vertising, Canvassing, Periodicals;
XIV. Libraries; XV. Machinery;
XVI. Measures for the Protection
and Welfare of the Workers, etc.
These groups have been subdivid
ed into about 63 classes. Each
group is to be introduced by a his
torical and a technical instructive de
partment. The development and the
position in the history of civiliza
tion of the various branches of the
book industry will be clearly dem
onstrated, models and apparatus for
demonstrating purposes and the cin
ematographic art will be shown. The
publications of booksellers and
.nusic publishers will be brought di
rectly to the notice of the pub'ic
through the medium of libraries ani
reading rooms, through lectures,
public readings, recitations and con
cert irecitals. Anything in our minds
will be under the banner ""of the
'black art." Many learned societies
and associations connected with the
book industry will have their con
gresses and meet at the exhibition
When I read the news I asked my
self if it would be possible to 3how
at the exhibition some exhibits of
the negro people in America, in
whose matters I am especially inter
ested. So I come to all willing to
lielp me in my undertaking, to ask
far their cooperation while collect
ing exhibition matters:.
Any printings, writings, photos,
pictures out of the slavery time un
til this day will be welcome.
Pupils and students, lessons,
school plans and pictures, photos of
professors, teachers, students and
buildings, whole models of publish
ing houses, Schools, Colleges ana
Universities will bo heartily accept
ed. Likewise drawings of scholars
Authors or publishing houses
should send of all books and pam
phlets and writing they have pub
lished one or better two copies wkh
order blanks that every exhibiton
visitor may have the opportunity of
ordering the exhibits through my
Lodges, banks, societies and oth
er organizations should contribute
some amount to cover the cost of
certain matters to i?e bought whilw
not on the market.
i Editors shou'd send the best they
have, if possible a model of tlio
| whole business plan.
I Here is an opportunity for the
Colored people of America and for
those who have devoted their lives
to the culture-work among the color
ed people, to demonstrate what they
have done already and what they
could do in the future. Another im
portant feature while collecting ex
hibition materials is that all will
The North American book is a faith
ful b?ok of reference for younj? anrl old
at uden's of current evemp. It, is sur
prisingly $/ond and surprisinzly che^p.
Price, 25 cents; by mail, 10 cents ex
? i> ,*m>m i i,
o va!ue for the future, m
xi.s; feieut .Museum-library of Leipzig
\v ill participate in ilu* exhibits whpQ
the lair is over.
x ou will have no expenses to pay
for the exhibition of what you send.
I will care for that. Out whatever
you send write ycur name upon it.
Please do what you can in the
mutter. Write about, your help an
rioou as possible and senu your ex
hibits?old or r.e .v, good and bad?
PASTOR PAUL O. HENTSCH,
Gundorferstr. 1, I, Leipzig-j^l.
Other negro papers ar?! asked to
prut the foregoing lines of Pastor
llentseh in the r ruspective columns
?mis rjj >n
J. II. CLIFFORD
Attorney At Law
MWRTINSBIJKG, WEST VIRGINIA.
Practices in ail the Courts of West
Virginia, the Supreme Court of Ap
peals and the United States Courts.
what is rr?
Ten year < 111 t>inaiion 5'istrib
ution (lartii'icsiff of VemWorship
as devisen l?#y t .e American
"orkmen Fraternal Insurance
Company, of Washington, D.
C., one of the rr ost liberal
strongest Mid reliable fraterna
institutions in the field. f or
further pariiculars see
O.E.V. JORDAS, GSX AtiEST, W.VA.
Boom 2 K P. Buil'mno.
0 HAUL ESTO N, ? v\ . Vr A
OH INCOME TAX RETURNS
international Revenue Collectors
Warned By Secretary McAdoo Not
to Disclose Information.
Collectors of internal revenue have
been warned by letter from Secre
ary McAdoo that they must keep
income tax returns strictly confi
dential, and that to disclose any
purt, of them is in violation of law.
He further stated that the sslighte-:t
infraction would result in severe
"Please impress upon the collectors
of internal revenue in every district
in the country the importance of pr3
r.crving as inviolably confidential all
Income tax returns," the letter of
warning said. "Not only is this the
law, but the point which I wish to
impress upon them is that the depart
ment will expect every collector and
every employe to observe this law
strictly, and that the slightest In
fraction of it will be severely pun
ished. I should like to have all the
xollectcrs of internal revenue direct
ed to keep vigilant watch over the
employes, with a view to the prompt
detection of any offender. It wculd
ho nothing sliort of a scandal for
I earnestly hope that it will not ?ie
any of these returns to be given oat.
veiop during this administration, or
during any succeeding one, that any
employe of this department could be
^o faithless as to violate the lav^s
of his country or be indifferent *o
Many persons, it is dr'ci:ir^dt art
their returns under protest, ??: ->
that the money must be refunded :.n
case t ue Siiverne Court declares tl-.e
Year In Jail For Three Eggs.
For stealing three eggs Charges
Thomas, of Huntington, has begun a
year's term in the state penitentiary.
It was his second offense.
Ban Francisco labor organization
will make a strong effort to secure
the 1915 convention of tho American
Federation of T^abor.
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