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FOR MEAT REST Inconspicuous Insec* that Causes Large Annual Loss of Grain. The little insect that causes an an nual loss in this country of thous ands of bushels of wheat and known as the "oat aphis" can scarcely be controlled when once it has ggotten however, serious outbreaks can be prevented. This insect often es capes notice but ?t is probably the most widely distributed of the im portant of the plant lice which at tack wheat and oats, and its depre dations are only excelled by the so called '\green bug." How the oat aphis may be combated by a destruc tion of its 'breeding places, by cul tural methods and by spraying is out lined in bulletin (No. llli) shortly to be issued by the United States De-| partment of agriculture. As the oat aphis does not ordinar ily appear suddenly in great swarms as does the "green bug" it has never I been considered a pest of great im portance. It is easily overlooked by the casual observer, especially in the fall when it occurs at the base of tne plants and on the roots. However,, it :s usually always present on the wheat and observations lead investi gators to consider that these para sites weaken the plants and decrease the yield to an important etent, even i though they may not be' conspieu-! ous, and the decrease in yield not. enough to be .recognizble as in the case of the "green bug." Pictures of the pest and detailei description of its appearance are found in the new bulletin. The adult wingless Insect is about the size of a pin head and is yellowish green to olive green, in color. The winged insect has a blaok head, the abdo men being green and the antennae black. The eggs are laid in crev ices of the bars or (between the leaf bud and twdg of the appfle and when first deposited are pale greenish in color. They soon change, however, to a shining black and retain this color until they hatch in the spring. History of the Insect. The oat aphis occurs on grains and (grasses throughout the summer. The eggs are laid but once a year, in the fall. In the spring the eggs hatch, and throughout the summer there are 16 or more generations produced, all females. The last gen eration in the fall contains both males and females. As the weather becomes cooler some of the females seek th lower parts or roots of wheat and other plants of the grass fam ily and here pass the winter, or the winged insects coining from the grain may seek such trees as the apple, the egg-laying females of this gen eration in turn depositing eggs on the twigs and branches. Miild winters and cool springs seem most conductive to the increase of this pest. The oat aphis multiplies rapidly wlieu? the temperature var ies between 40 and 50 degrees. Destroy Breeding Place. The little wheat pest thrives best in rank-growing grain as in spots where manure piles or straw stacks have stood. These places are usual ly the center of infestation and the lice may be found there even dhring the winter. Therefore the volunteer growth of wheat that occurs in the vicinity of straw stacks or manure piles should be plowed under or oth erwise destroyed late in the fall in order to destroy the plant-lice breed ing thereon. In some cases it may be desirable to destroy this vegeta tion even earlier; that is, before the winter wheat is planted or at least before jt makes any growth a-bove ground. The pasturing of cattle in wheat and oat fields in Oklahoma and Tex as during* the late fall or early winter has proved a desirable meth od of destroying the breeding places of tlio pest. Cultural Methods. As in the case of many other ^rain pests, <crop rotation is of much j importance in the control of this aphis. Wheat fields should be loca ted as far from the previous year s grain fields as possible, and especial- J ly Bhould they be pitted som^ dis-| 1 tance from standing at raw stacks. It Is also advisable to plant grain as far as possible from apple and other tiees, which harbor the insect (lur ing the fall, winter and spring months. Spraying. Direct applications are hardly practicable in grain fields, but where only small areas are badly infested spraying with blackleaf-40 at the rate of 1 part of tills insecticide to 900 parts of water, plus 1 pound of soap to each 100 gallons of spray liquid, will doubtless yrove efficacious providing the application is thor ough. Another method which might be adopted in localities where the ap hides freely migrate and deposit eggs on apple, is sprwing such trees early in spring before the eggs hatch, preferably just previous to their hatching and while the trees are yet in a dormant condition, with commer cial lime-sulphur mixture at the rate oi 1 part of the mixture to 8 parts ol' water. The above remedial and preventive measures for this destructive para site are all the more important be cause there is little hope of controll ing it after it has once gained much headway and because, being so incon spicuous, it is liable to become, pres ent in great numbers before it is noticed. L ui i Next Monday From Carbajal to Car ranza At Tampico?Like Amer icans Better. WASHINGTON, July 23.?Reports of various conferences are to the ef fect that the transfer of the govern ment from Carbajal to Carranza will be open next Monday at Tampico. It is reported that Joif3 Castellot Car bajal, representative here, has been in conversation with Secretary Bry an as well as Carranza ajid Consul Silliman at Tampico. Appointments Revolted. GUERRERO,- Cliihaiuiau. July 2'i. ?Villa has revoked the appointments of Major Rodolpo Guerrero and Col onel Carlow LJomingr.cz as brigade commanders of the constitutionalists army because of pressure brought by Carran'ba. The United States ob jected particularly to the appoint ment of Fierro, who is said to be re sponsible for the slaying of William S Benton, the British subject. Kindlier Feelings. MEXICO CITY, July 23.?There are kindlier feelings toward the fol lowing the replacing of Washington's statue on the Public Square by order or President Carbapal. The Mexican press has demanded that reparation be made the Americans who suffered in the storming of the American Club and in other mob outbreaks. Carbajal is in complete control. The government. oHie'.nls charge that the reports about tlu; city j;o ing to fall before Zapata were circu lated by the clique's headquarters in Washington with a view to obtaining intervention. There is desultory tir ing at times on the outskirts of the city by mere bands who are making occasional atacks, but they have al v.ays been easily repulsed. DETECTIVE BURNS APPEALS TO WILSON WASHINGTON. July 23.-?Pleading that Herbert S. Hocking saved his life Detective Burns asked President Wilson today to pardon the former secretary and treasurer of the Inter national Bridge and Structural Iron Workers. Burns' action strengthens the belief that he was assisted mater ially by Hocking in fixing the respon sibility of the Los Angeles Times disaster. PASSED EXAMS The Mate board of embalmor* in session at Parkersburg, announced that twenty-one applicants for em balmers licenses'had passed the ie quired examinations. The board also rescinded its for mer rule regulating the transporta tion of dead bodies within the state and provided that in the future an ordinary packing case could be used for this purpose instead of a special ly designed case as in the past. * a f >iu ABOUT THE DERAILS! They Must Not be Used for Sidings, the Baltimore and Ohio Com pany Says. iiCtOi 'Jllijj lU OiUi-lo iUut.'u w . . iUui'l.iisi/ui fc, uiV<oiUxi yjl i.?v/ ... ????, J1 ulU Cdlll.OliUU U(3? ... j w Uou c/l UOl'iin liaCKo' i. iiull^ll 111 lb ill'aCllCL! ib uy .. vy eoiniuuii, iL hub liiuuo (jIluc ? ill LilU iUSL lOW liiu.il...) ei.S to liCJCOillC ti (. ?.i .?>.<? HOI IllppeU ill U.U i * I I.V..O Oi. ? u i iK; iCS, iib ic Vn.it', cv. . ^ i p(.U"pObO Ol pUiliHg,' lU tu?J .iw.iuio. ill ftljlllij <'USCS It ililb ?JCUil .. luiii when uerails arc installed v n s.uo trucks aojacent to toe iiium trucks, they arc covered with tii?. (.tis and will never serve liie purpose it,r ?vii ch they wore installed. i'3i haps the most common misuse ol tile derail is on those which are ioii-i enough to hole a Lew cars, la these ' places, il Ik is been seen that train i men hack cars into them, iiil them , to their capacity and then close the i derail leaving the main track open. '1 he derails wert? not installed io sarve the purpose of a side track] and must not be used for such ex I ccpt in emergency. This is the lirst occasion- for such j orders on the Martinsburg division I and it is hoped that it will be the last notice necessary. Derails are j now very frequent on this division since the spring, .nd it. is necessary that the trainmen be instructed in lho manor in which they are to b? ha n died. L OF THE IVY VINE Covers Whole End of Big Factory Building in Season?Beautiful Evergreen Coating on Walls On the north end or the plant of the Norwalk Motor Car Company n stalk of American Ivy, commonly known as "Virginia Creeper," plant ed a year ago, iro-n a rk."!! vine this spring, lias covered the whole end, hundreds of square feet of the big brick wall with a beautiful evergreen leaf coating. It is truly marvelous how this climbing shrub with i.ts fib rous rootlets will find a clinging place on bare walls, and all the year pre sents a pretty picture of vegetable life, all summer long in deep rich green leaves, with yellow flowers anl Plark and ye/Mow berries, and in au 'umn th'- foliage turns red. Its vigorous growing qualities avl beauty has so popularized this shrub that it. is planted promiscuous! v throughout this country, in town and country places alike. Plant it, and in the words of the immortal poet. "Hired the clasping i/\y where to climb." By Congressman Brown in Behalf of Mrs. Harriet L. Gilmartin, of Davis, W. Va. The first West Virginia claim against the Mexican government for the death of an American citizen was fil ed by Congressman W. (1. thrown to d i.v with the state department^ Vi is the claim of Mrs. Harriet b. (fillnar tin. of Davis, for the death of \jer husband, whose life was lost in the Cumbro tunnel disaster of February 4, last. No specific amount is claimed and the amount Mexico will have to pay will be determined later, when the terms of settlement are agreed to. It is asserted that the Cumbro tunnel was blown up by Mexicans while a passenger train was in it and that all the passengers and crews los* their lives. BUTTE LABOR WAR Western Federation Which Conver ed Today In Annual Conven tion At Denver. DENVl&It, July 2Y?\?The recent d'i mention in Butte in the ranks of th? ? ? estern Federation of .Miners whir esulted i;i several serious riots, wa ne principle topic of discussioi ?hen the annual convention of tli ? deration \v;is called to order hei e lay by President Charles 11. Mo\ 1 had been expected that th 1 ' h.^an copper strike would oceup. n.?.:;t of the attention of the meetings ? ut the critical Butte situation over shadowed it.. President Mover was summoned 1 ihitte last month as soon as the tro:: .2;ie began and remained in Montanr during all of the exciting days whi'il followed, tl is expected he will mak< a personal report to the convent'o: regarding the situation* and' recom ni d a course of action. In past con vent ions the ltutte delegation ha. heen nearly the largest in attenuano The Calumet copper strike will als< be discussed at length. President .Mover and Auditor C. 11. Tanner wil report on the final outcome of tin trouble, with especial reference t.r their experiences at Hancock whei they were deported by a mob of arm ed men. One hundred and fifty delegates ar? here. The conevntion will last tw weeks. The Butte situation, which is co:v polling the attention of the Feder. tion delegates is outlined by .Joh .M. O'Neill, editor of the oflicial p. per of the Western Federation a follows: Dissatisfaction has long existe. among the 8,1)00 members of tin ljutte local. Charges were made tha. Ntional officers were perpetuating themselves in office, and as a conse ipience were able to own rich ranc/i es and summer homes in Colorad: and Nevada. Special assessments fo. the Michigan strike were excessive. National ollicers and adherents o*. the Federation say they aire prepare, j to meet these complaints. They au | mit that local officials of the unio: | ai Butte were lacking in the perform ance of their duties but say that > because members of the Butte organ izr.tion incorporated a clause in the local by-laws making it impossible foi a union official to serve two terms. As to the exorbitant assessments it i.v pointed out that the total assess incuts for tlie twenty-one years of the union's existence has been only $71 f?0. Tliis is a per capita assesment ol $3.50 a year. Concerning the charge that national ollicers are run ning a steam roller for their re-elec tion. it is declared President Charlss Moyer decently arranged for the elec tion of ollicers bv a referendum. National officers of the Western Federation asset that membes of the 1. W. W. ahe responsible for all the trouble at Butte. At the present con vention a committee will be appoint ed to visit Butte and conduct an elec tion of new officers for die ' local there. President Mover predicts that the "second union" f ? med at Butte under the leadership of Muckie Mc Donald will soon fall. Affiliation with the American Federation of La boy: will be denied, they say, since only one organization of a craft is admitted. a silver spoon mash a quart of red rtich Raspberry Ice Cream?With raspberries and stir into them a pound of granulated sugar. Set in a cold place for several hours. Make a rich custard of eight eggs and a quart of milk; stir into it a quart of rich cream; turn into the freezer when cool, and when half frozen add the mashed berries, stirring them into the congealed cream with a long spoon. Replace the top and continue to grind until frozen. Pack to ripen for a few hours, when it will be ready to use. DIVORCED WIFE DENIES THE STORY Ime Gueyden, First Wife of Joseph Caillaux, Takes the Witness Stand Today. PARIS, July 2'*>.?Mine Gueyden, he first wife of Joseph Caillaux, took iie stand today and denied the story f Andrew 1 Yervott, the newspapai lan, with whom she sought an inter iew relative to publishing the cor e.s;)ondenee between her husband id the present Mine Caillaux, then ["?e Ra'naourt. She said she had burned all of the jtters, holding only the copies 'treat bitterness between t'ne divorc ?d wife and the present wife, Cail laux, iss hown. <?* nLLliO !? \/ice-President Thompson of the 3. & O. Rewards Men For Efficiency. /hig neers Francis I lines and .las v. Carey K'renirn Thomas A. Clleas .n and W. \j. O'Brien, of tliol.liir*l iivision B. ()., wuve called to I\ov er yesterday to appear before the "ompuny's otlicials f ir ??. "hearing'' :uatlv to their surprise they were ^ e!. by A. \V. Thv.nipson, third vie3 1 -"udent of the B. Ac ()., v. 1k> pre c ..?:ed both Hines and Carey with dI cans with their names engraved n. each and Gleason and O'Brien * ith coppei torches. The presentation of these "honor aria" to the employes of the H. ck C or fa-thln' and efficient service re cilled an incident upjn wliioi the nen at tne time if occurred pa'1 Jd i'e hee 1 to, but which was re^isensi )le for their .rewards. While taking he r engines over tli^ 17-mile grade ?-oine time ago. a stranger spoke in 1 complimentary manner of the neat ippearance of the engines. He con versed with the engineers and fire men for a short time about current railroad events, the "are of engines 3tc., and then left them w'thout tell ng them who he was. The incident ?nade little impression upoD the men, except that the "stranger" showed .a, surprising knowledge of engines and ra'lroad affairs in general. When the men answered the sum 110ns at Keyscr they were surpris ed to find the "stranger" who ha 1 ?omplimented them 0:1 their efli ?ieacy no other than Vice President Thompson, who was making an un heralded inspection of the road ami eward ng tin; efficient employes with these little tokens. The locomotives in charge of En gineer Carey and Fireman O'Brien :s well known "all along the line. It bears the name of "Nellie," and har number is 17SS. It is familiar to B. & O. men as the engine which always "has a shine 011." Asks No Political Right He Is Un willing That His Wife Shail E^joy. \V ASI1INCTON, July f.?Secre tary Bryan. i?i a formal statement sued last night, came out for woman suffrage, lie declared that he would ask 110 political light for himse1! that he was not willing to grant Ills* wife and announced his intention 0? supporting the proposed state con stitutional amendment extending tho franchise to women to be voted up on in Nebraska next November, Woman. Mr. Bryan said, had prov ed herself equal to ever respons! bilty imposed upon her and would not fail society in this emergency. Above all arguments :n favor of giv ing her the ballot he placed the right or the mother to a voice in mould ing the environment of her children. "The mother," the secretary said, "can justly claim the right to employ every weapon which can be made ef fective for the protection of those whose interests she guards, and tho ballot will put within hej; reach aij of the instrumentalities of govern ment, including the police power,"