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ijc !,u aii
Devote to th? Moral, Roligioua and
Financial D*vol?pm?nt of Humanay.
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Slnterod Ln Post Oflico a.t Martins
Vurg, W. Vm. -if, Second Class Ma'ter.
J U. Chftord, Editor and Proprietor.
Drairar 869, and Ii?!l 'Phono *"0K
ICarttnibur*, W. Va.
HATURDAY. AUGUST ?J'J 1'J14
llftlative to Mr. John W. ('kimai-I * s J
Book, we can haidlv say enough in
favor of it. Ps n asoning is rational:!
itB logic is defensible, and its mot ive i < j
That lla little learning is a dang* r
ous t hing'" and esp< cial/y t o '!???s?* v> is?
in their own conceit, is ih inn* as i h<
gospel pn ached by t! e non M (ii-d. i" !
shows its truth!nli esb iv all avenue.. H !
The whole world mcinns bneanse o' |
the death of Pope Pius the X I' e u as j
a ureat character, and during bis ten- ?
ure of oflice bad s> acquitted bimsi-1: i
that humanity was imnieasuH ably ben- !
elited through t he righ'ful use of ln>
almost unlimited pow? r
If President Wilnon and Attoineyj
General McUe> nolda can kiiccci d in J
forcing food speculatom to lower prices)
on the various necentdtieH of life, ihe\
will have earned the righ'ful gratitude
of the American conMinitng public.
Of one tbin^ we are mire, and ihat, i-,
they have certainly ^onu ;dj:?ut. ibeir
work vigorously, and eve?\oody is
hoping that their laudabie ? 1T>.t?^ will
be crowned with abundant. Hurci-t-H.
it in with fiincero rcg-j-t that we have
to note the defeat of so nob'e a man i^h
Hod. Joseph Henson Foraker for I Mite d
States Senate and we sline the hhiih1
regret that our tri* d and true rae.? de
fender the Hon. Ilarry C Smith, editor
of that fearless race organ ? the Cleve
land, Ohio, Gazette lont for the legis
lature. Mr. Green may be a good man,
and we hope ho may he * lected, hut Mr.
Smith is Ohio's bravest and best man
we know for that place, for he truckles
and cringes on no lines of defense for
the rights of his people?the Kind of
men tlie race is crying and dying l<>r.
Deeply impressed by our obligations,
and our great opportunities as Ameri
can citizens, it is our absolute dny to
as forceful as possible condemn the
methods of force and inculcate 11m*
methods of reason. For a long stand
ing and growing evil licensed by law
and allowed by the public cannot I e
stopped by force. It may on the sur
face, but deep down in the hearts of
men a constant thinking an 1 planning
to defeat such methods by force will go
on. It may mean right, but is surp '?<
end wrong. What would foicd clnis
tianity amount to in t !.e et d but tie
worst kind of hypocrisy?
A Ukmakkai;i.rc Man
More than three years ago, !\>r the
first time we had the hon.tr to converge
with the Hon. Wallace Jia-slo-d, Sec
retary to Sjeaker (.'immp ('i.uk, who
should have been ptes'-'ent oi' th Un
ted States and if a denocrav can b?*
elected in 1910, Mr (la it is the man 'o
rally to. Howeyer, being in 'A;vsl.un -
ton last w<ek, in co.< ve,sal ion uith
some friends, we made it known tha
we had some busi' e<s w;'h Mr Hass
ford. Up went a w.ijjr; !ha e v. on Id
recognize ns on ?n-ei n.r. "? e ueie a
pea which of the tine- :n n in ;he ro< in
was Mr. Bassford a- d !>;.d no :i gen'le
man called Irs nam , v.?- eoud r t ap
proached him with certainty as b-ing
Mr. 13. Finishing I he ?a>d< with which
be was engaged, h ? ; dvat <:? d toward
us and said: "How i Mar ti burg a; <
Mr. Clifford?" vvh >t a . <-h ? I'; ?o>- ?
human being to own. Jn eve>y panic
ular he is nature's yv.< t.e ? an. JOxa-t,
master of language, courteous, a coun
tenance of a pure sweet woman, a man (
who has so cultivated the god in hirrj.
that it is seen and felt when in nis
11 is a v?m \ mm i>Mi? and last n ^ ii? j ? 11 y
for |taii'ii's '<? ?* m Ii i lit*11 <hiIdim cow
uiilire. S111? 11 eh d:en ? ?*\?t make ?ar
in*it, leai 'e y ii ?l |?*-1'n st? ? ii* ? 11ii km.
Tie ir i?-1st?'<>?? s I a ? <1 n i? ai ui> er
than love ai <1 I n Ii. \\ lic.i likjli'
and lliii de. l?? i n 11?? ) hide; when
crises comet 1jlit call b?r v.liaut men
who know no f ?*. 11 . tin- y I u i k fat in I lie
backurrouud and ?tl hough ' hey belong
to chinch ami nive in lavish expecta
tions of and in the other wot Id when
(hath c< me.s t hey shudder and retu-eto
no?all In caii1-!' of fahe leaching, for
iticnlca'id leir never made a belter
boy or girl and i.i'V ?? wi 1 Let us froui
now on i iv ai d thn k like stiong men
w ho ate in.a! I aid.
THK I* A KM Kit.
I n.. <.iii | m i? in 'it kinu and monaioh
of Amei'ca i- ill"' u pr uht aril indiiniri
ou.-t farmer V?'?ti.i mver luiks mound
his p iit'i1? | ie Ml v i * I r v* r \ 11111.^' i* hi!-,
lb* v. s Ins 11 v 11 I?v the - w e ?? i i I Iiih
I) I ?? W , < t 1111 J.' i \ ? S 'III' \\ t I < I I I 11 ?? t II I ?? H III II
and va.?'Iii?*m III" i i<ih i kii.il ;?11 ? t 1111 h
pl'IOtJS fatllll'H I 1 V?' (HI I?L
tin ii t;; I > en. fir thi'ii ii M* ? j v??r r i ? <1 bv
t<> I ? I 1 Mini I'ull v III MH?* IIIH k>??
Mien hi il: hv u i* i Hud w i s ? '' If SI)
pi r cent i t '.ii'' j11? *11111? i?? f d.irlc and inixi'd
h.omls would n ?-i. w ot k ai.d r-iii? for
1 a r n. s i f 5 re i e~ - m Iced ??i;. ? .i-rp : f i i?t
is hie I > hii y 5 11ir! i'| ?'ii(b-ii t liv<-s lh?y
could live '1 li?* ? ilit ?r c<?n k> ?-| ii ho'-e.
i'u'a . fni'i si iep. pit 111 \ of Ih'j/s and
fin*, h mi t,|| nrri'. Willi a t;n ib'n I? iH
enough ti > f ii i n ish all I he ve^ei abies a ml
fruit m-cebhary to hUppor* a family of
At Tin: Old Ua.mk
.Ah the lie went. houi'-Ibile in I'Vb.u
ary pant. .Inhri Hideout, b hhhj Hiowu'h
whiskey lying pimp, bought a pint nf
(Jeorge Braxton. who mhh Hrie?tnl put
and kept in jnil from V\ eiii.e!-il?i\ t<>
Sunday p'ist and wouhl have In in kept
till Tuesday. had w?? not bonded nun
out la-t Stlnd.i \ . (iioit'e Hiaxtor; revei
ho I d a drop of w h i - ke / to J?un Rnl e? *u i
'1 he ?'ith. of lapt M ncli he tri?jd to j/ei
Oliver Cole-nan t<? j no li.in m thin ai
lej^ed dirty act, at.d when Coleman said
he knew noth of it. and would liave
nothing to do with it knleoul told l im
if ho would do ii, be would ^et h rnl?^
to Parkeinburg ynd make l>0 or Gr) dol
lars. but Mr. Co'eniftn refusi'd and ex
poned John Hideout at the pi eli miliary
hearing which resulted in Hraxton*H
If ore person lm>s wlos'-ry from :ui
nt]i?M", v\ 11 y can't, ilin 1 > 11 v ?? * <>' Hih wlrs
key ^e' out, thn wiiriiiii ? Why must
a United Stu'os Ktv i ue < Hi er swear
oilt, the Wiiiiiiut on liitoi m;i* ioi ? Why
does t lie cover: men nucsr mui) n >y a
inau to give i in* v .m! v i arty a
prel miliary I?? <u a? <1 ! I e. ' ouimis
sioner letnse to M>mm?>n It ? v, lint-a es
and the Uni'i-d Siice t ;? r-h\1 refuse
to serve t l,e Minmi ui.s a? d ,-ive lor an
excuse. Ii'- : ?? s <... p n ? !i ? govern
11)1 ll' WhlllM '"<> ' llll'Sli I .? ; i.. .)(!? 11! 11) ;i M
and is ol>l , ;?i ! ir.. ? a 11 > : I i^ally t ??
summon w i ? ? 1 <?? 111?? :?<*? used
If tin* ii,* (? w 'I II deouf. jiJiiibf
belong '? 'a i:i <? In* i;w ? < I decency
they v.'? mi!11 o . i> ? I- serums y
(h'.ill ?V5'.!; i' | - v m | i :nt vs har,
we said a '.i li ? .i hi.- mm the nefnii
I ohm u i i k i li - y h is*-* he n dung for
| yeaii a n o c ??> l oiid <? , /e.islii, .
i Directors in Boston to Decide To
day About Change in
HOSTOX. An:,'. 'Directors and
? managers of the ITnit<?(l Fruit Com
pany arc holdinsr a meeting in ttos
t( ii today to consider the question of
placing nearly two score steamships
of the "White Fleet" under American
reiris'ry. Tlu-v are now sailing under
the British flair.
Simultaneously representatives of
the Fniti } Fruit Company wiKJ meet
wi.th oHVcials of the department of
navigation at Washingt011 today fo
discuss the aspects of the new Amer
ieati Ship Kr<:ri;try act under which
?he irm-fiM' of the fleet is to be ac
William X< wsome, j: neral mana
"? r of the West Indian depar*'"?nt of
i " Fnited Fruit Company, admitted
r -terday that the que.sti>n wo 1 Id
? hahlv he settled at the meeting to
(! v which will be h< hi at the offices
of 'he company at No. 131 Stato
r- f reet.
Antici)>at ing a change in recistrv
many of the officers of the United
Fruit boats have taken out liconses
under American laws, besides holding
CITIES OF BELGIUM
Geographic Society Compiles Infor
mation Interesting In Trying
The National Geographic Society <
Washington has given out anotlie
further description of -ome of f.h
places mentioned in thel atest \va
Louavin.?The capital of Belgiin
in the days before the rise of lirussel
Its population is about 50,000, and
is situated about 15 miles northeas
of thep resent capital. With Tirh
mont, St. Trond and Tongres it fin
nishes a line for holding buck U;
movement of an enemy across the to
ritory between Brussels and Lieg(
Loral tradition has it that Louv i
v as established as a permanent mil
tarv camp of Julius Caesar. The com
inon people* rose up against the noble
during the fourteenth century, bu
were put down after a struggle of 2
years. Thereafter thw important
and prosperity of Louvi.*^ declined
and Brussels took its place. It ha
one of the linest universities in Bel
gium, whieh prides itself most on it
Is Naval Stronghold.
Libau.?A port of Russia on til'
I'.altic Sea, a little less than 50 miles
from the extreme northern part 3
| Northeast. Prussia. It. has a popu'.a
tiou of about 75,000. Troops march
:r.g from Menel, Prussia, could arrivi
by land without leaving their own ter
I ritory more than 50 miles behind. I
has railway connections with Moscow
Orel and Kharkov. There are numor
j(us factories making gun powde"
soap, machinery and tin plate. Ther
a re also large saw mills and llou
j mills. The exports are valued a
about $25,000,000 a year. North o
the commercial harbor is the nava
stronghold, consisting of extens'v
fortifications, breakwaters and moles
These defenses were finished eigh'
Chief Seat of Anabaptists.
Mulhausen.- A city of about 8"),00
population, in Prussia, 30 miles from
lielfort and about 23 miles from th
French frontier. Near the frontv
the route between the two lace'
crosses the Rhine-Rhone Canal, 21.'
miles long, which with the Doubs.
Saone and other rivers forms a com
plete waterway between the Rliiim
and the Rhone. Thirteen miles from
tit frontier is the town of Altkirch
I)i:ring the Reformation Multhausen
was one of the chief seats of the Ana
baptists. It was independent until
1S02, when it passed to Prussia.
Dicst.?'A town ecpiidistant from
Liege, Antwerp and Brussels?about
2:*? miles from each, ami a little north
(if the air line between Liege and Ant
werp. It. :s one of the five fortified
places in Belg:unr and has manv
breweries. It. protects both Brussels
and Antwerp from military move
ments by way of Maastricht.
The River Ourthe.
Valley of the Ourthe.?A fertile lit
tle river valley starting at Liege an 1
runirng south, to the southeastern
scetion of Belgium, and generaP.v
speaking, parallel to the German fron
Hassfu.?The capital of Belgian
I/Imburg, at the junction of several
important railroads. It has manv
breweries and distilleries. It is
famous for its great septennial cele
bration of the Day of the Assumatio.i
in honor of the Virgin?under the
name of Virga Jeffe.; On these occa
sions, the date of which is August
the town is converted into a forest
of fire by the collection and planting
! of trees and branches from the neigh
< boring forest. Hasselt is on the main
road from Maastricht to Antwerp.
Centre of Catholic Authority.
| Malines.?A Belgian city of about
70.000, situated 011 the Dyle river,
about half way between Antwerp an 1
1 Brussels. It, is, in a Bense, the re
British licenses, and the company
would he able to operate practically
all its ships even if the President did
not waive this regulation.
The United Fruit Company now
operates or has under construction
fifty-seven vessels, according to last
reports. These vessels represent a
total of 280,000 gross tons costing
more than $30,000,000.
Floods of Facts and Figures 1
Aid Administration in the
Jcclared Responsible for C. isis a
Federal Probe is Pushed VigOrou?
ly?Special Agents Sent to Man;
Places to Conduct Inquiries and Se
rhe department of justice was flood
?-.I with information from all parts o'
the country with regard to the inves
tigaticn ordered hv the President o
ihe increases in food prices. Vary
ing opinions are expressed as to tin
cause of the increases. From tw<
?nubile western states came authori
tntive opinioJis that the price of flour
was fixed by agreement entered int<
either by combinations of millers or
by trades organizations. Other In
formants believed that retailers had
entered into combinations aga'ns;
There were many evidences of ac
tivity on the part of district attor
neys and special agents of the de
partment of justice, and of the keen
est interest, on the part of the gener
al public. This last feature of tin
situation is the source of especia'
gratification to those having the in
vestigation in charge, for the attor
ney general realizes that the depart
'.nent must have the assistance of tin
public in gathering information ir
I order that the inquiry be hastener"
"o a successful consummation.
Additional special agents hav<
been sent to Cleveland, Providence
Baltimore, Pittsburg and Buffalo, t(
?issist in the investigation at those
places of the increased price in food
Special Efforts at Buffalo.
The district attorney at Buffalo
will direct special efforts to an in
vestigation of several large packing
houses located them and also into
the rise in cost of flour?Buffalo being
one of the largest distributing points
in the country.
A letter to the attorney general
from the manager of one of the larg
est live stock commission companies
in the west, reported that while hogs
declined in Chicago $1 per 100
pounds, and cattle declined 65 to 85
cents per 100 pounds, dressed pro
ducts to the consumer advanced sev
eral cents per pound. "The packers
claimed that reductions were made
on account of financial conditions and
money stringency." he wrote, "but
I do not know what excuse they gave
for advancing the dressed article.
There is very little beef or pork ex
Canners are entering vigorous pro
test because of the increase in the
soiling price of sugar. One large firm
in the middle west writes:
"The refiners, by their joint sys
tem of selling their product through
certain brokers, have the public at
their inercj'. They magnify the de
mand for refined sugar by insisting
that brokers submit offers for con
firmation. When orders are placed
ligious capital of Belgium, thea rch
bishop, the primate of the Catholic
church of that country. resid:ng
there. H gave the name to Mechlin
lace, for which it once was famous.
It is one of the busiest rairoad cen
ties in Belgium, the lines from Ant
werp to Brussels and from Ghent to
Liego crossing there. The Ix>rd^hip
of Malines was conferred by Pippin
the Short on Count Adon in 754. Dur
ing the following century Charles the
Bald bestowed the fief on the Bishop
of Liege. During the religious trou
bles of the sixteenth century it was
sacked During the seventeenth and
eighteenth centuries it was captured
in turn by the French, Dutch and Eng
lish. The French finally removed
the fortifications in 1804, since which
time it has been an unfortified place.
:t tb?? refiners' figures such orders are
?ol coinirmed. but a higher price i->
isktd. When orders are placed at
he higher price, refiners again re
'usc c uifirmatk n. in this way or
'ers are accumulated, and the buy
ers are made to bid against them
Carre Stories in Many States.
The United States attorney at To- ?
fk:\ says: "''he unusual c!r
?ii i cf wheat going down on
he market and the price of Hour go
ng up lias stood out prominently in
?he Kansas daily newspapers for sev
eral days past."
A district attorney in the middle
west says he lias good authority for
.'e statement that the prices of mill
'ng products in his state are fixed
l>y two millers' associations, lie is
naking an investigation of t.ln> charge.
A district attorney in Ohio saya
here is intimation that the price of
'lour, in his part of the state, is con
* rolled by a board and he is investi
gating the charges.
A voluntary correspondent, in Brook
lyn. who claims to have specific in
formation. asserts that the packers
are rapidly increasing the prices of
fresh meats there, notwithstanding
an unusual amount of meats in coll
storage. lie says also that he has In
formation that large quantities of su
gar are being stored outside of their
establishments by the refiners.
A voluntary correspondent in
Mew York sends the following:
"Anent the sudden increase i.n the
cost of foodstuffs, if you have not
already done so. 1 would respectfully
suggest that you examine the stock
sheets of the various sugar refiners
as they appeared immediately before
the war announcement, trade had
been dull for some time and I think
you will find that they had melted
and stored quantities of refined su
gar and had in storage much raw
bought at the lowest prices obtain
ing in years, so that the increased
price they have put on refined sugar
is not due at this time to any in
creased cost of raw sugar."
FELL 12 PER CENT
LAST FISCAL YEAR
Failure to Reduce Operating
Expenses in Comparison With
Income Cause ofthe Loss
LOSS IN GROSS INCOME
WAS BUT 2.32 PER CENT
Net Revenue, That Is to Say, $643,
| 600,000, As Aga'nst $729,300,000 In
Twelve Months End ng June 30,
j 1913?Big ReJuciion In Expenses
Made Some Months.
i Official figures concerning the in
come and expenses of the railroads
of tlie country for the fiscal year end
ing June 30 last are so near complete
; that accurate estimates r.i;;y be made.
The most prominent fact is that
the loss in net revenue, in comparison
with the preceding fiscal year, will
, he about 1- per cent. That is much
less than was generally inferred from
the declaration made by attorneys
for the railroads in their arguments
on the r, per cent advance rate casv?.
Tlie (xact figure in the estimate <s
11.7 per cent.
The fiscal year < tiding June 30,
1913. was the most properous mi
the railroads ever had. At the time
they filed their application for 5 per
diminution in the volume of busine.it:.
diminution i n>he volume of bus ness.
Since that time there has been some
falling off from the high water marks
achieved during the most prosperous
Our West Virginia Grown
NURSERY STOCK can
vasstng outfit FRKB. Gash Commis
sions Paid Weekly. Write for terms.
The Goid Nursery Co
Mason City, W. Va.