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Devoted to the Moral, Religious a;v1 Financial Development of Humanity. RATES OF ttUDSCRIPTION * 1 year $1.50 6 months. 75c. 3 mouths 40c. Pay for all advertisements; is due in advance unless advertising is run by yearly coniirtct, in which ease the a>J vertlaer pt*s every three Tenths Advertising 1 iuch one tiiue 75c. Standing I'M: Reduced Rates to Cldhs. Send for Sample Copies. Entered in Post Office at Martins burg, YV. va. ... Second Class Matter. J It. Ciihord. Editor and Proprietor. Drawer 8G'J, and Bell 'Phono. ?'OK. Martlnsburg, W. Va. i SATURDAY I>KCF M hi- It 12. )DM. 4 Uliffoid what, about hoou-veit,? ov ? ' Answer: still think In* is a wom1*Iu1 character, i?111 1 ke us a'l. makes blun ders, and on that hypothesis I sha'l place myse'f in 1 h?* altitude-oi t ?(?<?? tivity wnh les' ivatun of pi ) <'-1.. Sometimes even the d< vil's works! t ur.n out for yood. Tl al the best m-n | and woineti's verdict is getting s ro' ter I and strouper d-iily is absnliitrly tree. FortfO on, and ajji'ate. ai d ilmnk (iod | with a divine discontent ii a' eveiy 11111!^ humftti bus nn ei d. It does not old to our nj>th i.ow to abiine Booker T. Washington or t?-kn from h?prewtige Co Imvu our pet p<<> appose him. but it will p?. to unitedly j >in in with tditoiH Smith ?>n.1 Mitchell to open the ey?jH of ih^ world to -ee him as he i*-. Keep it going ? John 10. Mil. hollaed htar UM it. President Wilaon and hin Congress m?y talk thetneelves to death on con nier cialism and finally ruin this coun try. bi t ihey can't liurt it or themselves by trying to bring al?ml a universal brotherhood; for a nation that I'm Is to protect its citi/,t;n9 deserves the execra tion of the whole world. John Mitchell, Jr . editor of the Rich mond Planet, may not live "in n free country" but William Mil.)roe Trotter, who made the assertion quoted above, nor any bedy else, living <?r (lead, han ever inside a w a-ir or tnaver fi^hl along every imaginable line for the interest of the Negro than has this ? name John M itchel 1. Liberty in a great thing. ,?nd wonder ful when right. Let our legislature keep in mind that a vot<- taken by the people, referred back to them b> the legislature is called its referendum, and if done in the right to p ease and coi reel, even their imaginary wrongs to obtain their rights may not onl> prevent warn, but bring to them their desired lijihis and grow brothers the world over. The Negro race in uibinity, love of music, p:>etic imagination and s cihl adaptability leads the world; hei.ce why should pale-faced Americans, who nei d more of those traits of chaiacler. < to receive us? It is hecaiii-c. ard only because, we come wrapped no if) a brown or black paper instead of white? Scout it and be bvothe s belov?d, ard let us live forever here without, tlie curse of this terrible European war, or the bloody one that freed us and united a once consecrate 1 country. Our sympathy is with Cham.) Cl?rk. Fine man. lie didn't eo<hereto do it, but his friends are to blame For years be has let it alone, while no doubt his seductive friends ha\e kept tab on it. Aside from that, wnrf-e things occur in churches and out of them every day. In our opinion he is above corruption, and the tricks of politicians should not give Bryan a club to defea*. him. Our mantle of peaceful piotection covers him. 1 Go in peace at:d fin no more," foi sin could only be done by intention. The unfortunate f?*atuie about the mass of Negroes is if jou ask them . what they are doing, thv n-ply will bj, preparing to die. Tiieie is no dea'h to ( those who prepare to live. Do that with all your mi^ht. and what you call death will be only a sweet transition ? ? as essential to the joys of the hereafter as food, cleanliness and pure a"'r are to , life's blessings heie \ "Desire not to live long, but to liv? well, ' IIow long we live, not yeats, but ac tioDS tell," Editor 5'fHvta.hd Aohecs With 1?^. ''One of ^he meanest m* n on enith it the fellow who subscribes for your pa per, Kelt* it from the Poet Cttice for aev erul vearsiacd ihnn h?<s the po-u oiaster to stamp on it "ie!uee?J. ? The Pic neer Press. I Right you are Pro C'! 1 fTor 1 and puch a person dt seives all y ou y ? f him and more too- It in a shame that ihetj are so many of this i lan-?. Ai y honeat man I should pay v\hat h? oweii ?ed then or-' der the paper <Jir>c?>ritir.u? <I N?? j uh linher objects to thin len u is c? v<-iely grinding when }?>u have ni the pap^r upon a specific onl>-i to have a pa'ron to attempt to evade pawn ? t in th 8 moan way Louisvil le. ('< > ,) American Bapti t. I Lenin it here, for Mr carries ;i big significance. A certain man s.nd: '*1, con I e> a I have prejudice apa list the! colored race. I am sorry, a* <1 i am ! trying to get rid of it. The oniy i< aaon 1 can as-Hi^rt is, it was taught me." What a pity tlat c hr'Sl unit?) parents should so burden their child ???. It all accounts for the suflVrMigs we are undergoing How haid it m for t'tis ho taupht class to cail you Mister. : Their pleasure consists in calling you Tom, Dick. C:ilT, Smoke, Colonel, Rev. parson, at d always Professor if you can read through McfiufTj's first reader. To this hated and presented people take our advice and yet good property and a large bank account, and lie as sured t hat l he application oi Mr. will follow, for the highest success is achieved by making the most of ones powers and opportunities. OSCAR'S N KI DS AND TllKlR SUP PL V. "What c?f 111hi boy who attends your school?" "Oil Oscar Thomas!"' lie comes only when ho can be spared from! the daily routine of household duties. He is the oldest child of a very larga ! family. The father was the victim of j a mine explosion several years ago, I when the boy was too young to realize the Iohs sustained as the I imp form of the father whh borne on stretchcrs to the humble cat)in in the valley. The mother, grief ntiicken, .-saw no other w.iy but that the pride of the father and the hope of the mother would be com pelled to grow up without any educa. tion, without even the limited oppor tunities that the country school affords yet she managed to keep him m ing until now by dint of hard study (> car I was easiest the leading all around pupil in the county.1' Ho was not the fir.H in Arithmetic, but in geography and history be ex celled; he could sketch true to nature. Many of his rou^h drawings had been ^vithout the boy's hnowledge, preserved by the leather to be exhibited with pride to the supervisor when on his us Uill rounds. Oscar's memory wbh most remarkable All the choicest bile of poetry in the Header, hecou'd repeat with hcmo ly a break. Hut he wished for more and the teacher who had not the advantage of training in any of the well-known nor mal schools, yet whose anib tion and determination were manifested by her attendance at t he Hummer School4 of her state, was puzzled to supply his needs, especial ly as her library was small. In his history lessons, Oscar would frequently raie his bund and on one of I these occasions when recognized, he said?"MissBryce, have cok red men ever done anything to be put in books? All tho pictures I Kee in my books; all the men 1 read about?Fianklin, Wash ington, Lincoln, Jefferson, Napoleon were white men? All the women are white women whose nam^s I have found in my renders? What's the use of my coming to school longer and mother slaving to help mi stay in Fchool if nothing is before me when I grow up to be a man but to work in the mines or to run the hand cat?'1 The teacher was stunned once more. She realized the force of his questions but how to solve the problem was be yond her. Yet she knew the responsi bility was hers, but how to fulfil it re mained uppermost in her rnind until one day quick ?>s a Hash the solution came. She wrote to Miss Mabel Robertson one of the teachers who attended li e Summer School at Cheynev Institute and from her learned that a b >ok bad recently been written by a team-r enti tled "The Negro in American Him-.ty With the aid of a cor respondent in Bal" timore Miss Bryce procured a copy-read it with eagerness again and again. She found in it ample material not only to answer all Oscar's pertinent inquiries but also anticipate atid supply her own imperative needs as a teacher of colored youths. X X X t Il m MfiT nn u i Accountant Dreamed of Getting $5C From Each 7,500 to Defeat Pro posed Law. WASHINGTON, I). C., Hoc. 'J.?An uttfluj>t to collect $5<j from each ol tti^ V.o'Mi national banks cf the conn try to be used in defeat''lis a propos ed amendment to the* national bank ing act and incidentally in enrichin a modest private accountant of thi city has been revealod when ther was found a copy of a circular lett > which had been broadcasted to tin national banks. George R. Mayo, tiie accountan who originated the scheme, admittc that he had hoped to collect frot $25,000 to $35,000 from the banks t< which has plan was sub n' t ted. 1! intended to retain about half of hi: collections as a reward for his ingen uity in devising the scheme and las' night he sighed at the recollected pi; ture of himself as a man of wealth which he has been forced to abandon by the hardhearted refusal of the banking authorities to come in on hi? scheme. The amendment, with Mayo thought the banks ought to pay him so well for defeating was introduced by Rep resenative Howard, of Georgia, on October 13, in tho closing days of the last session of congress. It would re quire the national banks to publish .annually a list of. their deposits which have been held unclaimed for five years or more. There is a wide spread belief, which experienced "bank ers declare is unfounded, that* mil lions of unclaimed deposits are hidden away in the vaults of banks through out the country, waiting to be checked against by vanished depositors. Mayc. shared this belief with other credul ous citizens and when he saw the Howard measure he 'thought the chance for making his fortune had come. POPE URGES TRUCE J Hopes Kaiser May Concede to Xmas Armistice?Diplomatic Rights for Bishops. LONDON. Dec. !>.?The Chronicle's Milan, correspondent says that Pope Benedict XV, in approaching belliger ent states with a view to mutual sus pension of hostilities during Christ mastide beseeches them in the name of tiie Divinity whose patronage they so frequently invoked or claimed, to cease the clang of arms while Chris tendom celebrates the feast of the world's redempt ion. It is stated that when the Pope di rected that particulars of his appeal be mr.de to the Kaiser and Austria.i Emperor, he was not without the prospect of favorable considerat'on. Seeing, however, that Christmas has no meaning for Islam and that the belligerent countries of the Ortho dox (Ireek church observe Christmas thirteen days later than the western i churches, the Papal initiative cr.i I meet, with only partial success. Another interesting Vatican com munication announces that tlie Aus ! tro-I lungaria.n, British and Canadian governments, in response to a request made bv the Pope through Cardinal Casparri, Pontifical Secretary of State, have granted all their subject Koinan Catholic Bishops full diplo matic privileges in respect to their private correspondence with the Holy See. including free postage and the right of using cipher telegrams. OVER 10010 IRISH IN Just Beginning to Recruit, He De clares?Ulster Has Sent 10,000. TiO\"no\, Dec. 7.?Speaking at Tiiam Ireland, yesterday John E. Red mond, leader of. the Nationalist Party, quoted official statistics showing that although emigration had drawn from Ireland, the flower of her population, e Diary 1? r'.cis ii Nov. 'Si*. $ ?." Irishmen who had been in :ne am:, jefore the war began or who hi joined as reservists or recruits. If t iu.t were added t ns of thousands o risli recruits who were joining th cobrs in (Ireat Bitain or were no n the' raiik.^. of l'" Canadian.Au ralian or Xtw Zealand centirigent said, it was uafe to ?ay fror ?'>/???? t) I l ir.shrntn wcr? wit I.e ct !i i s. \ r. Iledrnond declared that Tt'lA) - the 8I),00'? !i"i h:i:en !:i 11?hor rmy were ('atlielic i. ile said til: 1J12 Ulster Voluiitoi rs hail s~?n : eo! r:; Trrii: I'.e'fost, wliil? in i ? c'ty li " X itinialist Volunteer; vho represented oniv a quarter of th onlation, I : v. i cert rib vied *1 H in I.e I;er:ev<\v;?s only the 1 ?;'r.ning of whr.t Irhdv.n -n would d Mr. Redmond said the piv.u who ' ] t i re'it y of pru'-e bet wr.v " Nations1 ists him! Democracy < jrlrnd mus't he divided ii'.to "Hep?.' : !s. Serialises or ccinmcn <>r i:h '( n cranks." but that they were < lid never had b?en Home Ruler: .V!ien the constitutional moveme: '??ad been brought to a triumphal en and Ireland had her ow.. Parliamen hey world disappear, he declared. \MTON Wi CAOGHT mm But Sritain Asserts Cases Have Bee Found Involving Goods From United States. LONDON, Dec. !>.?It is imposibl it ascertain precisely how far th ystein of endeavoring to run th* iritish blockade and smuggling c raband has gone, but further invest ;?.tion yesterday revealed that th. , jovernment has found nuniErou? I asc-s. In one instance silk such as U used for airships was found in a ha !' cotton. The ballast tanks of on ship are being seat died for eonl" band. The British government is aware r the names of some firms in A merit engaged in this work. it is undo** *tood that thf.se are paid in -advanc ?'or the illegal shipments, hoping tha they may slip throi: gh. The direct suit is that Brtiain's idea of search in; a vessel is to take her to port an unload her completely. So far n America?*, ship has been caught, ;?1 being other neutral ships carryinr American cargo. It is expected tha' some of the government's evident which has been transmitted to Wash ington, will be brought out before the Prize Court when the cast < conic | up. Tlw! government recently inves tigated the. commercial statist'.C-; o" neuUralc ountries adjacent to the enemy, the countries being Holland. Denmark, Sweden and Norway, t as certain their normal needs of arUVle*; now declared contraband by Britain, land has determined to permit ship ments to those countries only to f:u extent of their actual needs as shown by previous consumption, assuming that anything in excess thereof is destined for the enemy. The Grand View farm, near Ocono mowoc \V)is., has a haystack contain ing 26') loads of hay, or 175 tons Tin stack is 34x3Gxll5 feet. Myron T. Herrick Warmly Welcomed Upon Reaching New York?Boom ed for President. .NEW,1 YjOIlK, Dec. 9.?iMyron >T. Herrick, form or ambassador to France, roturned to the United States today oti the liner Uoychambeau as a private citizen, but figuratively wearing a gold cross of the French Legion of Honor awarded him by wire less for his services in France since the inception of the war. lie refused to discuss tho matter, saying he "didn't wish to talk about himself." He was met by 400 people from Cleveland and a large delegation from the Ohio Society in New York and scores of French-Americans, headed bv the French consul general. TTis friends have started "Ohio's favorite son's" boom for the Republican pres idential nomination in 1916. -??t-. .LIPS FRO VI miR :nS SUIC' Cogswc I 7. nshington Cafe tor, Dij.-.ppears Fro-?i Chei2-| peake Boat. NORFOLK, Va., l)i?c. ?Lea a his clothing a note to hii wit'o a;; it was the be.it way to end !iis troubles, \V. E. Cogswell, of \V?| r.gton, I). C., leaped from the d| lit; s.eanitr' Newport Xews of I ??:i 1 Washington Sieambl .mparv into Chesapeake bay, M| ? av night. Ccgsw ell's ccat was found in ?;."k an:l ::i the pockets were t| .ote.s, one to his wife and the ott > his mother. In each he indical hat he^intended ending his life a] ?s tired of living. m^swcII conduc.'nl ihe Ernp| ?fe at No. 1:!~0 U Li reel, N. "\| ishi'.igton. 1!.'* is !)r:l ovc I to h:y ?;n?: ed overbrard after tlie be*:!; \\ v lex an dria. He was not in his room when t| i.ik'ir m-.i-le his round to colli 'ckcts. The Washington police n< ?ed the local authorities before tj steamer arrived here that Cogsyvri "iad tol 1 ''is father he intended pnd his life. He was twenty-six ye* old. win m Ft* | U 2 i?, - e&m mm ! "I'm!' 'M -co me Lor.t by Prohibition to 5^ Raised by Increased Taxes and Fresh Imports. LONDON, Dec. 9.?A Petrog patch to Router's Telegram Cor :iy says: The Mil-inter of Finance in a men1 ? lu:n accompanying the budge t :.t.cs that through the prohibition ... sale of alcoholic liquors, in a .rdance with the will of the E ercr, Russia lias been deprive*! o ..e of its most important sources /venue, but he is convinced tha ?vpve.- n.iich ths may be felt by til . sury. the creative power of ?.h< sher Russian people, applied to the normous natural riches of the conn y, will enable, future budgets of the mpirc to be based on new princi ?les. "The revenue, which in the first (.wc ?ionMis of the war showed a consi'd orable decrease, he said, lias since displayed a permanent upward ten deney. "To secure funds necessary to con v-.ct the war, the Minister declared ?he government would have to re ourse to further credit operations n increase in the existing taxes: and ihe creation of fresh imports. He ave assurance, in conclusion, that tins, both internal and external, ??/?X 11 1/1 -rw* /lin'miH I AP " For the benefit of the formers of j the Eastern Panhandle, a short course ! in agriculture has been arranged for at Shepherd College. This course is outlined so as to cover the subjects el most local interest. This course avi' 1 cover a period of three weeks, beginning January 10th and closing February 5th, 191?. The two first weeiks will bo devoted to class room . work, lectures, demonstrations and discussions along lines of interest; also during these two weeks we will have lectures by government officials and experiment station men. The last week will be devoted to extension school work, at which time we will have the combined assistance of the Experiment Station of Morgantown. The expense of this course will be very small and farmers will de well to take advantage of this opportunity. It is open to men and women as well the boys and girls. Information concerning this course may be had by writing to or calling <??11 Shepherd College State Normal School, Shepherdstown, West Vir ginia, or J. V. Shipman, County Agent Charles Town, West Virginia.