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'Ml* ]j)i0iue? IJtess
D?voted to the Moral, Religious and Financial Development of Humanity. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION: 1 y*ar $1.60 6 months 75c. 8 months 40c. Pay for all advertisements Is due in advance unless advertising is run by yearly contact, In which case the ad vertiser pavs every three rr.cnths. Advertising 1 Inch one time 75c. Standing 50c Reduced itates to Clubs. Send foi Sample Copies. Entered in Post Office at Martins burg, W. Va. MS Second Class Matter. J It. Ciifiord, Editor and Proprietor. Drawer 869, and Bell 'Phone ?0K, Martinsburg, W. Va. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1?14 In accoidanee with our annmi] cus tom, w? won't issue ttm Pioneer 1'iess on Saturday, January the second, nine teen hundred and fifteen. The Pioneer Preen hopes thut ail of its BubBCribem had a Merry Christmas and will likewise have a Happy Ni-w Year. The unanimous decision of the United States Supreme Court that Harry Ken dall Thaw, slayer of Stanford White he returned to New York, is a bitter disap pointment to him, because had be been liberated, he is likely to have eaten hi-? C hristmas dinner in Pittsburg. Governor elect Charles S. Whitman of New York, has consented to make the presentation speech and award Dr. Joel E. Spingarn's medal to the Negro who is lucky enough to receive same for the most meritorious thing done during the year about ending. We would very much like to know what has become of the Federal probe into the high prices of foodstu fTY:' Ev erything continues to soar, and the peo ple who are responsible for said condi tion, look like they don't care a rap for Government investigations. The revival time is on, and will be on till the blue birds chirp again. They are humbugs. Call them ''sinner warming meetings", stop burning fuel to keep them warm, and spend your time with the youth who can be seen all through warm weather playing cards and shooting crap within siyht of your churche*. Nineteen hundred and fourteen years ago a bal e was born and cradled in a manger of Bethlehem. Never was a wweeter babe born. Lived a perfect life for 33 yearp, was crucified, buried and on the 3rd day, rone from the grave, ascended into heaven, leaving salvation to mankind and promised to come among us again. Let us all leve, honor and serve Him?the son of the living God. If it is a violation of Ihw for newspa pers published in West Virginia to car ry liquor advertisements, it seems to us that it is also a violation of law for newspapers published outside of tlx State to carry liquor advertisements and circulate herein. Now as to the constitutionality of this particular part of the prohibition amendment we will leave that for the court* to decide, but it taken no wise-acre to arrive at tho conclusion reached in the preceding sentence. The Alabama Bankers Association recently invited two or three * colored bankers of that State to confer with and partake in their de'iberations rela tive to matters financial. Such ? ction shows a liberal spirit on the part of theee Southern money kings, and is also an evidence that the high-toned Southerner is coming to realiz; that the Negro is more than merely * a hewtr of wood and drawer of water." We aie glad of such cooperation between white and black, and we hope there will be more of it in every section of this country in future Attending a base ball game one day,a man three-fourths drunk, and stagger ing yelled out to his home team: 'boys if you lose this game, it will start me (o drinking again." Summed up, there was about as much sound sense and logic in what he f-aid, ae there is in new year pledges made by old time sinners making pledges on Christmas or New Year ? day. A per son who drinks and commits all kinds of ein fifty one weeks in a year, is gen. ?rally a pledging liar on either or both of the days above mentions*! l/ve right as you can dur in# rh<* )fHr. and no lying pledges need to bo made in holiday timed. PRESIDENT AND THE NECK >. It in not often that President Wilson can be accused of lack ol sincerity but what shall be said of his remwk i>la live to the Negro^e ol the South that "there isn't any nutation, it seems to me. into which more candor needs to be put or more thorough humxn feeling." and what ' 1 know m>self, ? a u South ern man, how in ly the heart of the South desires the good of the Negro and the advancement of his race <n a) sound and sensible lines; it in a mutter of common understanding1'? Tbeso words weie spoken to the Uni versity Commission on South rn Race Questions, made up of r? preservatives of eleven Southern colleges They might have been uttered filty jeara ago by a Confederate brigadier. They do not vary much from the ser timents ex pressed in the yeais before the war by the most extreme advocate of slavery Negroea are citizens of the United States, entitled to h i the rights which Mr. Wilson as Presideht is sworn to protect. To v\ but other section ? f our population, large or small, would he refer in such terms of condescension? If it in imaginable that any of the ele ments of our people could be subj ct to the limitation placed upon the blacks, is it conceivable that the President wouUi speak thus of the possible ad vancement on "pound and sensible lines"? Mr. Wilaon chanced to be born in Virginia, but he is not Preaident be cause he is a Southern man and The World ought not to he forced to ac quaint him of the fact. New York World. AT OUR DOORS. 4Out of a job, out of a j >b!" Hark to the fearful reirain. Coming from lips so hung'y and cold, Hear it, again and again. "Out of a job. out of a job!" Echoe the saddeht ol' cries. Weeping, the mother and children, at home. Fling it again to the skies. "Out of a job, out of a job!" Hear it in da> light and gloom. Even though Belgians puller for bread, Charity beginneth at home ? H. S. Haskins, in New York Sun. TIME O' GOOD CHEER. I h? time o* good cheer 1las arrived again; Frost gleams wliite on the pane? Mjemories throng our brain; Alternate jov and pain Are ours at close of year. Wle think of other places; Our feet retrace old ways Of departed yesterdays, Wihen youth's unorn voiced praise And our harps tried tense lays, In days we loved old faces. Never a Yule-tide comes, Wlith bells across the snow And halls decked with mistle'toe And holly lending glow, Will ere soft lights glimmer low And glad feet come and go, But hearts yearn for old homes. ?It. \V. GRIZZAKD. The -12 officers and 355 men of the German converted cruiser Cormorant, interned at Guam, will add much to the social pleasures of the Americans on that lonely island.?Florida Times II iiion. T FOR LAST MONTH Secretary Reed's Report Shows That SixtyOne Charters Were Issued In November. A total of sixty-one charters were issued by Secretary of State Stuart F. Heed to resident and non-resident corporations during the month of No vember. In addition to this nine cor porations in creased their authorized capital; three were granted permis sion to decrease, and seven foreign corporations were granted permission to do business in West Virginia, while ten corporations were dissolv ed on their own motion. The receipts of the office for the month were $4,906.05, of which $1, 193.50 were for fees and $2,884 from charters. Not only has the United States ex ported and imported more from I^at in-America than" any other nation, as John Barrett shows, but there is also the extensive sale of American goods in South America via London under British labels.?Detroit Journal. SHEfUERD ELS How They Were Notified of the Mov ing and What They Encoun tered. By WILLIAM G. SHEPHERD. FELDPOSTAMT NO. 39, near the Hungarian frontier, Nov. 7.?(by cour ier to Vienna)?'Here's the way that we get our marching orders in the Kriegspresseq.uartier, the war press headquarters in Austria Hungary. Only yesterday morning some of us returned from Przemysl to this quaint little ancient town in Galicia, expect ir.g days of dullness until we were again taken to the front. At the noonday the officer in j charge of the scores of carriages ) which are at our disposal rapped on his wine glass for attention au< .aid: "Who wishes to go to??" nam ing the bi^ Galician town si>: miles dist'im where there are copffe hous es, stores and other blessing of civ ili/.ation. His* question is a daily one; he asks it only to know how many carriages he must have rea ly after dinner and at the hour. We rise our hands, he counts heads and two hours later we find ourselves after a !ide through the hills, walk ing 1110 streets of a lively town, wi.ere sonic of the chief officers cf the army have their headquarters m cluding the particular officer wio has charge of the newspapers correspon dents. We go to the coffee house ;o talk 'o Ivlnx ).re used to be a waiter in a newspaper row restaurant in New York and he's always willing to talk interestingly ot those golden day;-? berore he took a notion to com? baok home to Galicia with his "pile," only to lose #it here. In 1915, though, he's going back; he knows where he can make $10 a day anytime in New York or Chicago or "Frisco by his wait ers" tricks. He confesses some of his New York tricks to you, now that the old days and the old place are far away and so you talk, waiting for Sunday to end. It does so with a bang, at exactly six o'clock. The arc lights have been going for an hour, but suddenly the streets are turned into little Broadways by store lights which flood the pavements as the Jewish merchants raise their shutters at six. You fare forth in the streets crowd ed with officers, soldiers, civilians, girls and youths a courting, and in the rush you meet another newspa per man. "We go to Servia in the morning at 3 o'clock," he says. "I've just heard it." ? "You do not believe such good news. You rush to army headquar ters and to the officers of the col onel who has charge the fates and destinies of newspaper men in charge. His officers arec rowded with other officers receiving orders. There is not a chance to speak to him. Any how, if the story is true, you'll hear it, officially, in time. Officers aro rushing in and out. One of them lias a bale of paper bills as high as a silk hat. Something's doing, anyhow so you get out. Back over the hills yem go between seven and eight in the cold evening and enter the long, narrow room where supper is at eight. An officer is reading orders, with a group of newspaper men standing about him. He calls out a list of names; those mentioned cross to the other side of the room. "At three o'clock tomorrow morn ing be at the depot," he says to them. We are going to Servia to see the the Austrian lines there. All those names I have not called will go on a train that leaves at 3 o'clock in the ? morning, day after tomorrow. We are to go in two lots." . Supper is gulped. There's a lot of ' packing and a little sleeping to be i done within the next seven hours for | those who go tomorrow morning. And I so, all through the night, there is ? a scurrying of soldier servants I through the streets of the little old village. They rush from one little house here to another little house there where correspondents have rooms, collecting baggage. T he vil lage folk look on in their night gowns and night, caps and slippers, holding candles for heavily shod soldiers who clatter around their little homes, they're not used to such carryings-on. At three on the dot, the train pulls out for its 500 mile journey across Hungary to Servia, where the air is still warm and' where our winter J clothes will be in the way until Jan , uary. Breakfast was a dull thing in the once lively "casino" this morning, only a few of us were left and to rorow morning at 3 o clock after an other stirring up of the too, shall start out. And, this old town will become its sleepy old self again, with only the memory of those strange days when newspaper men from the farthest corners of the earth gathered here to watch the Austrians fight the Russians. TTappears from the Berlin newspa pers that all the ^hingbe^heson the east coast of England are fort! fled" just like Coney Island, presum ably.?'New York WtOTld, r-awcrsuBaBZ ,?L.?S FfeS ONE CEHT P0S1AG Congress at This SePnion Will ? Asked to P^cs the Meas ure. One cent letter postage will he t " ? theme of a determined campaign t he waged this winter wherein hus neas men of the United rft.ites \v* seek to crystalize into law the ra; idly increasing sentiment for a lov er postage rate. "'S ? v ar.Is the i.i. *;f,ic.*u v., a cent letter rate. The campaign w he conducted hy the National O" "ent Letter P.>sta?r?=? \ssociat: ?: which has its headquarters in C'Im land. This association has be steadily growing in strength for s-?" ?>???< years und'^nuv maiuta'us a nm?v shin scattered thrn?;*rhout th "nited States. with representative 5n T:<?ni]v evrry village, town and c?i:; n all tVe state- of the union. It if- believed hy officers of t csscociation that with the genera, tmsiness revival now under way. tb' clei and for one cent letter postag will become so insistent that congress cann ot do otherwise than inaugurate this reform. An astonishing condition exists at Washington in connection with the operation of the postoffice departmet according .to George T. Mcintosh, sc returv-trcpsurer of the National One Cent Letter Postage Association. Mr 1 Mcintosh has been active head of this organization since its inception sev eral years ago and, together with Charles W. Burrows, the association's president, has been making a close study of postal conditions as they exist in this -country. ? "Business men of the United States are not aware that first class mail matter is paying the government over 170 million dollars per year, of which more than $70,000,000 is clear profit." declares Mr. Mcintosh. "With thir immense income and profit, the gov eminent at tho same time is bus taming a loss on second class mail o' more than $70,000,000 a year. ?."? f'sticians of the postoffice dora'-tri have stated tint, it eosts ever '?> c per pound to distribute second e- mail while the charge made by tlv department is only one cent per pound. While first class mail rcr^ the postoffice department a clear pro' it of over $70,000,000 per year, sec ond class mail at the same time en tails a loss of about tho seme iur, with a result that an immense sur plus is automatically wiped out eaci year." "This $70,000,000 is the toll the American business man is paying nn rler the present conditions ami is the thing which we are seeking to reform There is no reason why business in stitutions of this country should be paying nearly twice the cost of car riage of their mail while other inter ests, chiefly the big periodical pub lishors of the eastern cities ar swarn ping the entire country with huge volumes of mail matter for which they are paying only one-eighth the cost of handling. "Efficiency in operation is a thing which is practically an impossibility j on the part, of postoffice officials at ! the present time, because of this con-j dition which exists and has existed j for many years. It has long been lelt. bv those in charge of the depart ment at Washington that a reform of ; this character is absolutely necessary, . and they have given assurance o:i many occasions that just as soon^ss as congress sees fit to act on this subject., American bufPmeBS men wib be granted a one cent letter rat?" "No fair minded person can fed other than that the periodical pub lishers of this country are being grant ed p hr.g? subsidy every year as Ion : as the present condition of a'f.ii" exists." "First class, letter mail, it has been computed pays a revenue to the gov eminent of a little over 80 cents p0' pound or over $1,600 per ton, prac tically twice the cost of handling it. Second class mail on the other hand, pays one cent a pound, or $20 a ton, which is about one-eighth the cost of handling. Is this good business? Both our association and representative postoffice officials at Washington do not believe it is. Nothing can be done however, until congress takes action, and it is for this reason that we are demanding that the b cosidered a tho present session ol congress. "Only through co-operation on tne part of the business interests of.this country, who are paying a tax to the government every time they use s two cent stamp can we hope to suc ceed." Bills for one cent letter postage have been introduced by Senators Bur ton and Penrose and Representatives \nsberry. Bartlett, Griest, M<iKe^ ler, Park and Rouse, and will be pushed during the present term of j congress. With a Nebraska man premier in the president'3 cabinet, and another Nebraska man listed in all the sever al All America's football elevens, our cup of glory is surely full to the brim.?Omaha Be*. 9 - ? " T** ^ ??? \ itAft mil ,~v.r' y I yy Season Mac'c Dan^ci ? "O'r P rc*J Orcr>t in Every Fcr?st. The s anon of 1M4. :ic ? t he officials of the forest service ^rried Rival? r danger 1: un: li.o t ite uat'onul forests than any year luce the estblismcnt of the national 'oreots. To meet this emergency * n'l to prevent groat los; of publi" :>'*rty tho il?? a^riful '?> ' . . : tll3 ? ii:it appropriated for lire protei ?or- an ! in jr a deficiency of $349, ID. The conditions cf drouth and f*r factois oi" forest fire hazar:l vere said to be worse than in 1910, when the disastrous Idaho fire oc curred. Weather bureau reports 'iiow that .lost of ;he Ro"ky Mountain anl 'tic 'Mst region last winter's v "V. r-nc!? }?.?>!??%?.' the normal, i ?r ?( there was ili early ?i'-ring and an early drying out of tho . '? rests. In w stern Montana and V; Ofi-n T:'? ? ]l 4,it 'VSre forest H 1*38 ? ; eoasiderab'e numbers by the end if May and they continued unt'l G> *rbe:\ In CaMfornhi. where there is normally a very long season of drouth the fire season started in some por tions five weeks earlier than usual, ^n-l in th? southern nart. of the stat.Q '.he fire d'-,ver was still great at the end of Novo nber. A long dry season, * ~*ain< ' n riods of high tempera ture, rcurri:ig hard and steady winds and in c r,-<in nlne^s, unusually hot, dry T'ift> ? $. r^nder v] tforoqft; ex sort 'f''i? **ifi-intiv s'l't the nrob ? ? 'To of fire prevention rnusually dif ficult. The total number of fires during the season of 1914 which threatened he national forests and which had fo be handled bv the protective or ganization of the f r?st service were' "?.112, or about 1.000 more than occur **??d in 1010. This number represents the fires reportc-1 up to December 1. At that time reports indicated that there was still a dangerous condi tion in southern California and in certain portions of the nati^nnl for *~ts of the cast. The service says fh*t the total for the yenr will be in creased by fires in these regions dur 'ng December. The most serious conditions are reportod from western Montana and northern Idaho and on the Pacific *lope. The weather conditions in the central and southern Rocky mountain r?eions were more nearly normal. As a consequence only 15 per cent of the total number of all national forest fires occurred in those regions and they were handled with out difficulty and with very small ?ess of property. Of the entire fi.112 fires which threatened the national forests, 81 per cent were extinguished by the protective organiaztion before they had covered 10 acres. The percent- , sge of fires that burned ov^r more tlnn 10 acres was smaller than In n" previous year. While detailed reports have not yet been received appraising the ex act loss to the government through tse forest fires, a preliminary esti mate shows that the loss of merchan table timber will probably not ex ceed. $400,000. In 1010 the corre sponding estimate of loss was nearly $15,000,000, but later estimates ma terially reduced the amount. Through the work of the protective force the fires this year were largely confined to old b rns and to loss heavily tim ? o* *-1 d"T'S The loss to the govern 1 '* ,1" fV?o ? ?"> cf ir>n of 1 >?" 4 a W* v ' 1 ? - un in the''f> openings is 'a^goy than the nctual loss to green timber. Tn Montana, and alone, it is f'; ? 11 1 si ? f,r ??.. T i .'"j ~^ r. -M- ?? 1-' "|01. !* v\ "s i?i t':is so *1 \"v tha.f ?h? largest a:rio,!,:l. of rv!,ny 'iad to be spent to prevent a recurrence of the great ?'isfte-fer ''f 1^1r> Oreaon and v\* ?tut; f!' 1 'r> ? ?? s which were handle1 b" <?:; ^ 1 ?? r1 lent threatened upwards of S24.000.000 worth of timber. And these figures, according to the department experts, do not include the value of non-mftr ^v,an*~bt? timber airl voitnrr growth q,b ? nr-n o-?. e * 71/'' j^rd sev- rft! * ?"'* n 1 ? 1 ? ? . ? *? ranch pnd other private property which lay in the path of the threat ening conflagrations. Figures are not yet pathered of the precise amount of damage threatened by fires in California and otb: r for est states, thouirh they are - evpected to add large amounts to the total val ue of the property threatened and saved. 1. R. CLIFFORD Af*om?y At Law MCA RT1N8BT7R ?, WKST ViTlQTNTA, <r> r>V * 'V ?!*??.? ' '?" ?.> VlTOtMf ?'? ! &&d the United Stat^a Oourt?