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The Pioneer Press.
(i HIES BHaLL TBS PRB6S, THE PIOTLhti klUHTb MAINTAIN, I'NAW Kl# HY INFLUENCE AND UNBKlBKB BY GAIN" ?STABLISHID 1882, MAKT1NSBURG, W. Va., 8A.TCKI* VY, JANUARY 23, 1915. VOL. 33 NO. 47. SEND KITCHEN TO Model Designed to Illustrate Princi ples of Interest to Wives That Visit the Fair. A complete kitchen with a real stove, refrigerator, sink, work-table and other necessaries is being sent by the department of agriculture to San Francisco for the fair - This kitchen is not a ("model" in the sense that every housewife is to try to make hers as nearly like it as pos sible, 'but is rather a composite of many possible model kitchens which is designed to illustrate various es sential principles of convenient kit chen arrangement. The American housewife, for whose special benefit the model has 'been constructed, must judge from it what appliances and improvements in arrangement will best fit her peculiar household needs ?and those of her purse. One general idea emphasized by the department's San Francisco-bound kitchen is that the size of the ordi nary kitchen should be small rather than large if the room is to be used only for the preparation of the meals. It should be as compact as possible to save traveling back and forth. The stove, taible, and sink should be as near together as is convenient, and the distances to supplies and the dining room or pantry should be short On the floor of the model room the distances most commonly traveled in preparing and serving meals are indicated iby straight lines. "The fewer ornaments the better 1c & housewife's workshop" is the text of another lesson of this little exhibit. Corners are rounded; sur faces are plain; there are as few moldings as possible to catch dirt which must foe removed with si much effort. One feature is a table with legs that may be raised or lowered to suit the height of the worker. The refrigerator, as it stands, would never In the world recommend itself to <,any thrifty housewifey tfor one part of it is lined with solid porce lain, another enameled steel, another with zinc painted with enamel paint, and another with unpainted zinc. How ever, this refrigerator preaches ' a sermon of its own, for the advantag es and disatvantages of each par ticular lining are explained in la 'bel attached. Each woman ? who reads may look for what suits her own refrigerator, and housewives from the North or from the South, from a high, dry region or a low, moist region may each decide which feature is most adaptable for her own use and pocketbook. A stew kettle is shown in several common materials in the model kit chen, but no particular make is rec ommended. The aim is to show sauce pans or kettles made of steel, aluminum, enamelware, copper, and earthenware, and descriptive labels explains how each material excels in its own way, and its. disadvantages. On the walls of the model are shown samples of the more common floor coverings and wall finishes with labels setting forth the relative mer its and drawbacks of each Lin oleum and oil cloth have their strong points, and so have tinted, painted and undressed wall surfaces. Var nished wall paper is good for some purposes, and unvarnished for oth ers. Once more German foheslght has broken down. If the Kaiser had not restricted women to children, clothes and cookery Mliss Chrlstabel Pank hurst might not have joined the al lleB.?Now Yotk Evening Post. SERGEANT HEANEY LIVES SHOOT TIE After Being Promoted Lieutenant and Recommended for Distinguished Conduct Medal. ?'LONiDON, Dec. 26. (By mail to New York.)?Among the many heroes of the war who have been struck clown before they had a chance to en joy the reward of their bravery, was Sergeant Heaney, of the King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, who was killed in action two days after being promoted lieutenant and recommend ed for the distinguished conduct med al, for an exploit which saved an en tire division. The Royal Lancasters have been continnously in the firing line since the outbreak of the war , and with every man performing prodigies of valor It was difli'cu 11 to single out par ticular acts of courage. Heaney's chance came one day, when the situ tion as regards food supplies for his division was becoming desperate. For ten whole days the roads from the trenches to the supply depot had boon rendered impassable by the hail of shells rained upon by the en< my, and no fresh provisions -could be got to the troops in the troops in the !ir ing line. Heaney went to his major and of fered to take the wagons through tin rain and shells and bring back food He did not say he would try. He sai< he would go and fetch the provisions The major said "impossible," and when he persisted, "sheer madness." Nevertheless the sergeant was aliow ea to take a few comrades, and with the wagons he set off down the shell tor ntrack. Four miles separated the trenches from the depot, and every yard of the way there and back lay under )a devastating fliie, but Heaney got through and brought back provisions with a loss of only two horses killed and one man wounded. He was promoted to lieutena.it or. the spot, and recommended for the D. C. M. but two days later he was killed in t action at Ie Troquet. Staff officers declare that he undoubtedly s^ved the division from capture or an nihilation. "It's fine to be in the Coldstreams, but you don't necessarily care about living in the cold streams," writes A. K. Hammond, of the Coldstream Guards, describing 23 awful days his regiment spent in the trenches. "Not a man cared a tinker's cuss for the German shells and bullets, but to stand for days?'twenty-three to be exa<;t?at a stretch in water, not only up to your ankles, but imore often above your knees, takes a lot of stuf fing out of you. "We dropped into a terrible place a month ago. No matter whether it was fine or wet, the water kept trick ling into the trenches. As fast as we tried to drain our trenches they filled up aga^n with water that oozed through the hillside. L.ife in theses trenches has been damnable; out it is marvelous what one can get used to when pushed. Officers were tired the same as ourselves and aa they took it as part of the game, we did likewise. Our officer has re-christen ed the battalion. He has named us the 'amphibious brigade,' and says when he gets home he will back up against any battalion in th^ British army, or any other army, for fea's of endurance under any condition anyone likes to name. You can tak^ it. from me that our officers, many of whom I am sorry to ray have gone und-r have nerforme* w-Tders, and them i- not a man in the whole brigade of guards but what would readily adm-t that oil the hardships the men have endured OF MOSLEM FIENDS Thrilling Lecture of Trip to the "Holy Land" by the Rev. Prettyman. How a simple little song, memoriz ed in his boyhood days, saved him from death at the sword points of a horde of Mohaunniedan outlaws, wlu> captured himi, when he was lost from his party of brother uilgrims, while touring the "Holy Land" will be but one of the many thrilling in cidents that will be related by Rev. Porrest J. Prettyman, chaplain of the United States senate, who will deliv er a lecture in Trinity M. E. churc.i, south, here on the night of Thurs day, Janluary 28. ?Rev. Prettyman, who will re membered by all our older ciHzrns as a former pastor of the local cluirrh In which he is to appear on this oc casion, was one of a party of several members sent out some months atro by The Washington Post, who 4onr ^d the "Holy Land." In his lecture Rev. Prettyman tells of how his Mos lem captors stood over hiun with drawn swords, ready at the word of command to tak?' Ins life, and when 'n the stress of mental strain in this moment, how strangely there came to h,"s mind t^e words of a Mohammed an song, memorized when he was a r^hild, and thinking to allay their pas ion and hatred ago^nst the OHris ''?m, with trennulous voice he reppat ~d them. Strangely affected by these words, his captors releasod him, and m time he was able to rejoin his brother pilgrims. He is a forceful and pleasing talker and this thrilling incident is but one of the many that befell the tourists of which he will tell. Apart from this his lecture will be replete with interesting historical and Biblical factB of the sacred land of the east? the birthplace of the Saviour. The lecture, which will be made especial ly effective in film scenics, will cover very fully every part of the "Holy Land," and will be not only inVar.selv interesting, but powerfully instruc tive. The Turks occupy a Persian city defended by Russians, and plan to hold it gs a base for the Germans Little wonder the map-maker is diz zy.?Boston Record. have been shared by the officers, the officers who, In full dress in the park, so many people were disposed to re gard as aristocratic peacocks." Private O'Keefe, of the Connaught Hangers, curries a German letter of introduction which should procure him good treatment if he ever fell in to the hands of the Kaiser's troops O'Keefe was one of a detachment of the Connaughts operating near Vpres and endeavoring to catch a body o' Germans who were sheltering behind a farm. Within the farmhouse itself were two of the officers, and O'Keefe decided to get them out. Tie dashed up to the door, exposed for 200 yards to a furious rifle fire, and demanded the inAtant surrender of the astonished Germans as a pro liminary to peace. As they refused O'Keefe shot one of them, took thr other prisoner, and brought him baefc to tii* regiment. The prisoner was so moved by the 'man's reckless c^ur a?3 that he wrote a note in German in his captor's pay-book, urging any German who should havo t\? luck tc capture O'Keefe to "dv.> the M-st treatment to a brave man who saved my life." From his colonel, O'Keefe, got a mild reprimand for foolbardiness. Some Interesting Data Found in Re port of State Supervisor L. J. Hanifan. Steady progres sail along the lino of rural school improvements mark e:' Mu' 11112-13-14, according to I'- J. Hanifan, state supervisor of rural schools. A brief report of the work of the rural schools, together with some comments and recomnnend ations relative to their further im provement, is contained in the twen ty-first biennial report of the state department of free schools, now in the hands of the printer being pre pared for submission to the legisla ture. Except in an occasional district hero and there, waere local conditions made progress impossible, there has been a forward movement towards better things for the country youth of West Virginia, Prof Hanifan says: "Not a single county," he declares, has failed to do something that would indicate a spirit of progress among its teaching force and among it4 citizens as well if we consider the state as a whole, there can ) e no doubt that the work of the rural scaools has been decidedly better thai during any preceding bievaial period of the state's history" Earmarks of Growth. Some earmarks of the growth of efficiency of the rural schools of the state are enumerated by Supervisor Hanifan, as follows: Aroused public sentiment, faithfulness of teachers to their work, increased attendance of our teachers upon our Normal schools and the summer school of the state university, increased school attend ance, improved physical conditions of buildings and grounds, increase of school funds raised by individual dis tricts. voting of bonds and special lev- j tes, the building of better school houses, the possession of larger school grounds, improved supervision of the schools, and conurnunity social meet ings. "If we may Judge by these things we cannot doubt that then* have been notable and substantial rural school improvements," he comments. It is pointed out, though, that rural .-'chool progress *n West Virginia comes by counties and, more particu larly. by districts or individual schools, and while certain counties ?12ve made very substantial improve ments. other counties, perhaps, have ma.de very little advancement educa tionally during the past two years. "Hut," Prof. Hanifan says in his re p< rt, "although the sum total of im provements outweighs the stagnation o" poverty of many districts, //e should not forget the often repeated proverb: 'No chain is stronger than it.; v epkest link.' So long as a single country boy or girl is deprived of the opportunity to acquire at least an ^le Tientarv education, just so long w5-l true American democracy have failed t) *????!ize its ideal in rural West Vir ginia." The rural schools need more money. This is emphasized in Prof .Hanifan's report. "WV; cannot expect to pro vide good rural schools unless we ! first have more money," he says, j "Good schools cost money, just as a good article of any kind costs more than a poorer grade article. Are we willing to pay the price? If not, we had as well quit talking about the in efficiency of our rural schools. Tt is pointed out that taking the , state as a whole, West Virginia spends $11,000 a year per child of school age. Thirty-two other states FREE IEXI BOOK BILL TO BE URGED Those Interested In Education Will Push the Measure?Federation of Labor Behind I. Senator Hon L. Kosenhloom in tho senate and Delegate Harry Weiss in tin* house will introduce early in the session a lree toxt hill as advocated by the State federation of Labor. The bill is identical with bills which the federation lias advocated in other states and will probably be very sim ilar to other bills covering the same subject which will llnd their way into the legislative grist mill before thu session is very far advanced. The Kosenbloom-Weisa bill in sec tion three" prescribes that all text bookjh to be used in the public schools shall he printed under the direction and authority of the state superin tendent of schools and delivered to the hoards of education of the politi cal division of the state in suscient numbers for the free distribution to each pupil of each public school. Un der the terms of section 5 the coun ties would pay to the state for the text boks, based upon the, actual cost of production," witji the additional cost of administration. The bill also requires the state superintendent to have the text books copyrighted. The bill also provides that a sum suffi cient to put. into operation t.ho pro visions of the law shall b<3 appro priated Several cities in the state are now furnishing text books to the pupils in their public schools, Wheeling and Harkersburg being two of tho cities. In other states, Pennsylvania being one, a large proportion of tho cost, of furnishing free text books is borne by the state through a special fund raised in various ways. LINCOLN, Ne/b\., Jan,. DS.?"No horses for the European war" is the slogan of the farmers of at least 0110 county in Nebraska. The farmers of Jefferson county are refusing to sell any animals to contractors who are acting for the warring nations. "Let the war-crazed Europeans fight their own battles," said one of them, and apparently he voiced the senti ment. held by many. "None (>f '>s need money so badly that we 'must, let the Europeans havo our dumb brutes to he used for 1ar gets for ortillerymen and riflemen." The altitude of the farmer;} was brought out strongly recently when Bud White, a Topeka, Kansas, horse buyer, advertised extensively fiof horses and mares for cava'rv and ar tillery purposes abroad. The buyer announced that he would bo at tho Rairbury, Neb., livery barn rain or shine and would buy and not invoice. He did not do either as hf* had no chance. No no horses show ed up for the sale and he was com pelled to depart without making a single purchase. spend more per child than West. Vir ginia does. This $11.00 per ehild In cludes thr> cities, whereas tlie aver age amount spent per country chilrT is considerably less. "We should remember that the larg er cities all support first class high schools and have nine-month terms. Still wo should not forget that the ri.ral youth has a right to these sama school advantages, even though ho happens to live in the country,'* Prof, TIanJfan declares. # i