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The Pioneer Press.
' HEXK SHALL TBS PR BBS, TBI PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UHAWI9 BT WFLVENOE AMD OBBBlBW BT OAHl" ESTABLISHED 1882, MART1NSBURG, W. 7 a., SATUKDAT, MARCH 6, 1815. VOL. 34 NO. 1. TH[y SEE THE WORLD THROUGH BABY'S EYES Only Member of Family Who Can Tell of This World's Beauties. COLORADO SPRING'S, In a little home at Lake George, 25 miles from here, there is a baby boy, ?who, when he grows up, will be able to tell his father, his mother and a brother and sister, of the beauties of the mountain region in which they live, but. which have been shut out to them throughout their lives. This baby, the pride and wonder of the entire district possesses the blessing of sight, denied all other members of the family. The baby's father is Benjamin Richards. He is blind. The little mother now the happiest woman in all Colorado, was Miss Myrtle Higbv. She was born blind. She was' a student in the State School for the Blind and while there met Richards. His sight had been destroyed in an accident. Drawn together by their afflction which sent them through the world in darkness. Richard and the little blind girl were married. Five years ago a baby girl was born. Anxiously, they waited for the word that would tell them whether the innocent little newcomer had also entered the world in darkness. Their hearts were torn when they were told the baby girl would never see. Three years later a babv boy arrived and he, too had been denied the gift of sight. Two years passed, a littla gin, now five years old, played in a world of darkness about her mother who had also never seen the light of day. A little boy groped about the floor, his sightless eyes turning toward the mother when he knew only by the sound of her voice, or the touch of love from her hand. It was a home of darkness; father and mother un able to iook upon their children and the little ones growing and blossom ing despite the blight cast upon them at birth. But neighbors told mother Richard that her little ones were pretty children and she smiled and coddled the little hands and faces she could not see. Time went on. As mother Richards heard the voices of her two little ones as they played in the darkness of their baby lives, she knew that the great, good bird, the stork, woulu soon hover over her home again. She knew that he was about to bring another baby soul into the world, and mother Richards prayed that this innocent might be spared the blight of eternal darkness. Mother Rich ards was cheerful and hopeful, but when the time came for father Rich ards to summon the village doctor, his heart fairly stood still. Some friends accompanied the man of medicine to the Richards home. They knew of the prayer of the mother and father and of their hope. The doctor could only tell them that he hoped, but there was pre-natal influence to be overcome. Before him was a sightless mother, waiting with the mountain friends was the sightless father and the chil dren of night. The doctor came from the room. His face was wreathed in smiles. He grasped father Rich ards by the hand. "A boy; seven and one-half pounds ?and perfect eyes. He sees," the big man told the father even as he himself was almost overcome with emotion. There were tears of joy in the Rich ards home that day. Though they did not know just why, thee hildish laughs of the little ones of darkness carried a new note of cheer and hop**. CANADIANS ADVERTISE EXCURSION TO GERMANY REGINA, Sask., March 2.?Posters announcing the assembling of the third Canadian expeditionary force to be sent to the war, on exhibition hero today, show the lightheadedness of the Canadians. The wording is: TO BERLIN The country is arranging a trip to Germany, in the spring for a few SPORTSMEN. All hotel expenses and railway fares paid. Good shooting and hunting. Ages?18 to 38. Rifles and ammunition supplied free. Cheap trips to the "Rhine. Apply at once, as there will he only a limited nuimber (one million) admitted. TRADE INDUSTRY Increased Imports of Raw Materials and Rapid Growth in Domestic Manufacture. The silk manufacturers of the Utoited States in the 35 years since 1880 have increased the value of their output from $41,000,000 to upwards of $200, 000,000, have consumed in that time about 45 (million pounds of raw mater ial, and have increased their propor tion of the domestic consumption of silk goods from a little over one-half the total in 1880 to more than four fifths in 1910, the latest year covered by the reports of the government. The fiscal year 1914 surpassed all previous years in the quantity of raw silk imported into this country, the total for that year, according to the figures of the bureau of foreign and domestic commerce, department of commerce, being 34 1-2 million pounds, against 32 million in 1913, 13 (million in 1900, 2 1-2 million in 1880 and a half million in 1870, This rapid growth in imports of raw silk is reflected in the rapid ex pansion in the product of domestic silk manufacturing establishments, the value thereof rising steadily from 12 million dollars in 1870 to 41 mil lion in 1880, 87 million in 1890, 107 million in 1900, and 197 million in 1910. The-importation of silk (manu factures has been conversely affect ed and the value of silk goods im ported last year, $35,455,000, is less than the total recorded 30 years ago, and substantially the same as that o: 60 years ago. Japan supplies a large and increa* ing proportion of the raw silk cor sumed in American factories. Te? years ago she furnished more thai half of the total, while last year lie* share was nearly three-fourths. Oi the 12,631,000 pounds of raw silk im ported in 1904, 6,691,000 pounds were from Japan, 3,385,000 from China, and 2,095,000 from Italy. In 1914 there were imported 28 1-2 million pounds of raw silk in skeins reeled from the cocoon or rereeled, exclusive of waste, and of this amount Japan's share was 20,196,000 pounds, against 5,927,000 from China, and 1,997,000 from Italy. It is interesting to note that a considerable part of this in creased Importation of raw sflk from Japan is paid for by American cotton. In 1904 we exported to Japan 23 mil lion pounds of raw cotton and in 1914 nearly 177 million pounds. Of the 35 1-2 million dollars' worth of silk manufactures imported in the last fiscal year $12,232,000 worth, or imore than one-third, consisted of fab rics woven in the piece; $5,752,000 spun silk or schapp eyarn; $4,246, 000 wearing apparel; $4,351,000 laces end about $3,000,000 each consisted of ribbons, and of plushes, velvets, and other pile fabrics. In addition over $4,000,000 worth of artificial alike, mostly yarns and threads, for use in domestic factories, were imported. France supplied over one-half, Ja pan one-fourth, and Switzerland one eighth of the silk fabrics Imported. Of the silk laces and embroideries imported France furnished over three fourth?. Of the plushes and velvets imported we bought $1,712,000 from France and $1,056,000 from Germany out of a total of $3,205,000 last year. Switzerland ranks next to France in the supply of ribbons, their respec tive shares being $1,136,000 and $1, 830,000 out of a total of $3,112,000. The silk clothing imported into the United States is largely from France, imports therefrom totaling $2,848,000, as compared with less than a half million dollars' worth from England or Japan, a quarter million from Ger many, and about $109,000 from Swit zerland. The customs revenues on imported silk manufactures in the fiscal year 1914 aggregated $16,704,000, equiva lent to 48 per cent ad ralorem, against $13,988,000, or 52 per cent ad valorem in 1913. Under the present tariff law the rich man's silks cost hijm more and the poor man's silks cost him less than formerly. The law changed the rate of duty from $3 per pound and upward on silk goods to 45 per cent ad valorem. Thus a 32-ounce bolt of silk containing, say 20 yards, and worth $2 at the foreign port of shipment, which formerly paid $6 duty, now pays only 90 cents. The perversity of human nature is found in the fact that a chronic dyspeptic, placed in the war zone, would work up a pork and beans ap petite in f*'o wiinutes.?Washington Post. NEARLY A BILLION IN PHONE HI Figures for 1912 Give $991,000,000 In vested in Main Concerns Bur leson Would Take Over. Postmaster General Burleson's pro posal that the government take over the ownership of telegraph and tele phone companies and operate them make especially interesting statistics of them, soon to be published by Di rector William J. Harris, of the b.i reau of tli i censjs, department tf commerce. The figures relato to 1912 and, for telephone concerns, are for compan ies having yearly Incomes of $5,000 or more. According to the report, the capi talization of such telephone com panies increased from $758,000,000 in 1907 to $991,000,000 in 1912, or by j more than 110 per cent. During the same time the capitalization of tele graph companies decreased from $263,000,000 to $232,000,000 or ap proximately 8 per .cent. Tthtfs de crease, however, was due entirely to a reduction of $23,?00,0000 iu the cap italization of wireless telegraph com panies. Outside of these, an increase in (capitalization of $2,200,000, or about 1 per cent, is shown. The net income of the telephone 000 in 1907 to $51,300,000 in 1912, while the net income of the tele graph companies decrease from $9, 650,000 to $6,400,000. The 'number of employes reported by the telephone companies increas ed from approximately 131,000 in 1907 to 183,000 in 1912, While the number of telegraph employes rose from 28,000 to 38,000. These telephone companies, oper ating 84 per cent of the instruments, reported 13,375,000,000 calls in 1912, against 10,400,000,000 In 1907. Tele graph messages increased from 103, 949,000 in 1907 to 109,663,000 in 1912. In 1912 there were 20,000,000 miles of telephlne wires in use. c. The Bell telephone system in 1912 controlled nearly 75 per cent of the total wire mileage and over 58 per c<?nt of the total number of tele phones. It also controlled nearly 51 per cent of the public exchanges and handled 66 1-2 per cent of the calls. The wire mileage of the Bell system increased from 8,947,000 in 1907 to 15,133,000 in 1912, or by more than 69 per cent. During the same time the wire mileage of all other systems combined increased from 4,052,000 to 5,115,000, or by a little over 26 per cent. The total number of telephones in use (exclusive of railway, govern mental or private telephones not con nected with public exchanges) in creased from 6,118,000 in 1907 to 8,730,000 in 1912. The development of independent rural telephone systems is indicated by the faut that the total number of systems or lines increased from 22, 971 in 1907 to 32,223 in 1912. SURPRISE TESTS Many Enginemen are Identifying Themselves With Movement Against Them Many enginemen running on rail- j roads operating In this district are identifying themselves with the move ment having for its object the elimina tion of the so-called "surprise" tests to which imany claim they are sub jected, and which they say instead of making them efficient in safety, has the opposite effect. The surprise tests consists of making a sudden and un expected display of danger signals by representatives of the operating de partment in order to determine wheth er enginemen are on the alert ail the time. The engineers and firemen as sert that the nervous shocks exper ienced by them when so surprised is detrimental to their health, declaring that the tests are not needed for the safety of their own Jives prompts then to be constantly on the lookout for any danger which may suddenly ar.d unexpectedly appear. C)rt engineer on a local road tans eited < ne case whicn was brought out in the controversy in the western THEIR OWN HOMES And In Some Instance# They Own Automobiles?Many Thrifty Men. In these days when the high ccst of living makes the average trades man or laborer huntie for a living for himself and family, and real luxuries are not considered, it is interesting to note that in a mining town in the New River field of West Virginia, there are several coal miners who own automobiles, and good ones, too, and get as much pleasure out of them as the capitalist in bitf six cylinder. The fact that they have been able to buy them la uot surpris ing, for when conditions are normal they can make more money digging coal than many college graduates earn in their offices, and who could not dream of the luxury of an au tomobile. And in this same town Are a num ber of coal miners who own their own homes?men who have worked for good wages where livLng is not excessively high, and are the proud possessors of comfortable homes or tl;?ir families. And a visit to the bank in this same town, where all the residents make their living directly or indi rectly from the mines, disclosed tho industrial depositors In the Savings Department, one Italian miner head ing the list with $3,000 to his credit, and many others with accounts run ning into four figures. A number of th<\se men could buy automobiles if they wanted them. On the street a husky colored miner* was asked to tell the most he had ever made in one month in the mines, and his reply was, $327.82, out ot which he paid his helper at the rate of $2.GO a day. The truth of this statement was vouched for by the mine man ager. These facts give weight. to the claim that of all classes of workmen the West VirginlaC coal miner lias the best opportunity to earn good wages, and save if he wants to. The Czar must wonder where all those Russian come from that the Germans capture.?New York World. rate case in whicli an engineer and fireman were suddenly confronted by danger signals while running at high speed. The engineer threw on the re-; verse brakes and he with the fireman jumped, and as a result sustained a fractured collar bone and other seri ous injuries. He said that there are many engineers who would do the same thing if the signals were flashed on them under the same conditions and th0 shock which they receive is even worse than bodily injuries, as it is sometimes weeks and months be fore they get over the effects and in a few cases it has been known to ruin good engineers forever. The railroads on their part claim that the surprise tests are productive of much good, but the local engineer claims that they have failed so far to show in figures during the controver sy where it. has at any time been of benefit, while the engineers have prov en that, not one wreck in a given number was caused by the disregard of signals. Queen Wilhelrnina has been asked toy the International Peace Commit tee of Amsterdam, through a much signed petition. to offer mediation to the belligerent nations. The proposal could hardly do any harm, and H might serve to show that the Queen didn't regard her sovereignty as of the scrap of paper variety.?Spring field Republican, HUHE BIRDS Even They Have Gone Wrong In Eu rope Because of the War LONDON,F eb. 13. ;By mail to New ^ orn<)?liivou. the birds ,havo Kon?i \> rung in J&urope. tviau s mad ni.aa Uua upset tneir lives and habits anu tne very lew oruiithologists in tMiglaml anu France who <xui stick to their study of birds, ill spite ol tl?o war, are scratching thoir heads about it. ,, 1I10 pathways of the birds, as they lly to me south in w hit ox and bacit agaiu, in the sprlm,g, have been map ped out tor years, in Jbiurope. JLiut tue birds have lorsaken tnelr old routes and the birdsinen say it is because ot tiie war. Shore lights, and even the lights of tue town, it seems, are guides lor tne birds in their long southward jour neys and, tnis year, the lights are gone. The same lights that would di rect a little feathered fellow toward sunny Italy would also direct a huge Zeppelin toward an ilnglish coast town. So all the folks of the air. whether covered with feathers or can vas, are traveling in tbe dark thia year. The canvas birds can carry their own llglits. In a pinch, but the other kind must get along as best they can, without lamps. There is no doubt that the birds found their way to tho south, as usual, but they groped their way, and it was prob ably alow traveling. Their return to the north, when spring comes, will bo as dillfecult. The bird men have proved, beyond a doubt, that the birds are distribut ed by the sounds of firing. - - ? : The iRev. Charles Kent, of Thet ford, one Saturday ntght recently, heard a terrilic chattering of the pheasants and small birds around his in the birds in their neighborhoods* birddoin. The cries were ahrili and wild. The birds left theLr beds in, the trees and flew about In terror. Their ears were catchinc sounds in the air that rector and his family were missing. But, when the rector picked up the Sunday morning paper, he saw that the Oerman Zeppelins had bom barded the coast, some miles away* during the very hours of the birds' excitement. He was so impressed that he wrote a letter to the Times about it, whereupon many other residents of that part of England said that all in the birds in their neighbohroods, had conducted themselves in the most extraordinary manner during the raids, even though the writers, them selves, had not been able to hear the sounds of shooting. At a distance of 97 miles the pheas ants shrieked themselves hoarse over sounds of firing. Wthether th? birds will become tir ed of the incessant firing 011 the con tinent and impatiently leave the war districts remains to be seen. ^Speaking of -wild tiifjigB who?0 lives have been upset by the war, there 1b also the leech, known among American kids as "blood suckers." There are thousands of old-fashioned folks In Hngland who continue to be lieve that Illness oornes from having too much blood in one's person audi that the thing to do Is to bo bled, eith er by a lance or a leech, and they, prefer the leech, who does his work without leaving scars. But the leecl* market went dry. A physician of one of one of the great hospitals wrote a publio statement complaining that the armies of Kurope are fighting over somo of the best leech fields In the world. They are probably tramp ling to death leeches that are great ly needed in England. L?eech patrons, however, rested easily when two days later another statement ap peared to the effect that a fair sup ply of leeches was being obtained from Australia- They didn't have the same I>atin name as their European brothers, but they had just as good suckers and just as deep a thirst lor hlood. International law Is something which all civilized nations highly re spect and uphold?in times of pro found peace.?Kansas City Journal. German children have "been aaked to eat a little less sausage as a par triotio measure. The fact tha/t there is a good deal less sausage will make It *lflo a practical measure,?Loud? Till. CpgrtwJwnyl. ,j