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The Pioneer Press.
"HERE BHalL THF PRESB, THB PIOPL1 'l- RIGHT*- MAINTAIN. INAVH' KY INKl.l ENCE AND UNBRIBBB BY GAIN" ESTABLISHED 1882, MART1NSBURG, W. VA? SATURDAY. APRIL 3, 1915 VOL. 34 NO. 5. BODY OF JAMES DICK, IR? ALLEGED MUSI. FOUND SUNDAY WITH TWO DEIL LETS IN THE REGION OF THE HEART JAMES LAHEW MADE THE DISCOVERY SUNDAY AFTER NOON ANI) JUSTICE McBRIDE, OF GERRARDSTOWN, HELD AN INQUEST AND VERDICT WAS THE MAN HAD COMMITTED SUICIDE The body of James Dick. Jr.. who was charged with having criminally assaulting Mrs. William Lamp, near Glengary. on the afternoon of March 16. was i'o.iind Sunday afternoon about 2 o'clock by James Lahew, about a half mile from the residence ol' Mr. Lamp. Since the alleged crime was com mitted searc ting parties* huvo, at various periods, been scouring that section of the comity, hoping to find the man. but no trace, so far as is known, was learned until Mr. Lahew made his discoveiy yesterday after The body was ly^ntr in a c'us ter of bushes with a small 22-calibre rifle, containing an empty cartridge, lying by his side. Two bullets had penetrated the region of the heart. The information was immediately communicated to Justice J. H. Me Bride, of Gerrardstown. who went to the scene, and dooided an inquest was necessary. The following jury was empanelled: Edward Lamp. H* Barney, Gold Parsons. Tutt Par sons, Clav Aikens and Harley Gaines. After hearing the evidence of Mr. La hew, who discovered the body, and other witnesses, the jury returned ? verdict that Dick came to his death by a self-inflicted wound. The body was then removed to the homeo f the father, James Dick, Sr. "Deputy Sheriff Sprinkle was also notified, who in turn informed Dr. SponseLlor. coroner, of the affair. The doctor with Deputy Sheriffs Sprinkle and Wolfe also went to the scene, and after viewing the body postpone! action until Monday a. m.. wh^n the doctor, after a consultation with Pros ecuting Attorney Downey .re-turned to the Dick home, where Monday af ternoon ?r? aii*op*y was performed by Dr. C. E. Clay and an inquest held. There Is considerable speculation as to how Dick met his death, the idea being advanced that it was im possible for him to have fired both shots as the first, undoubtedly, would have produced death. Dick was ly ing on his back, which would indicate tliat it was impossible for him, if the first shot failed to take effect, to have reloaded the gun and fired the second. And it. was not known what the calibre of the bullets used. How ever, that will be determined by the autopsy. CHARGES AGAINST GERMAN SURGEONS Say They Use the Knife Too Freely On French Prisoners Causing Loss of Limbs. PARIS, March IS. (by mail to New York.)?Open charges are now being made in Paris that the German mili tary surgeons have made a more fre quent use of the knife at the expense of legs and arms of French prisoners than modern curative science might have rendered necessary. Two thousand six hundred French prisoners, whoso mutilations are so serious that they can never serve again as soldiers, are now being re turned to France from Germany. Against this number France has only 1,000 mutilated Germans to return. While a certain number of these on both sides are rendered incapable of further service on account of blind ness, yet the bulk are suffering from the loss of arms and legs. Not only the difference in the total figures but also the disproportion between French and Germans of those who have suffered amputations is what has aroused in France first indigna tion, then suspicion and finally open charges. "Have all amputations that have taken place amongst French prisoners in Germany been really necessary?" is the demand now going up. Amongst an equal number of French and Ger man wounded in the German hos pitals, where Germany has had every possible interest not to render unfit for further service a single German soldier more than was necessary and where such a consideration has not existed on behalf of the French, have the latter had the benefit of all the curative science that was unques tionably exercised on behalf of the former? This is another thing which France is openly demanding. In addition French surgeons arc pointing out that surgery as practiced in Prance is distinctly of the "con soi \ation type. A member is never sacrificed that can in any way pos sibly ho saved. Even in the military hospitals where the latter have been fihed with tlip enemy's wounded thi - r-i nciple has never been abandoned I in what Prance wants to know \ t'lat oven if German surgeons as a rule are followers of this method ? sr.mothing of which the French sur f.oons arc openly doubtful?was it applied with the same impartiality t > the French wounded who fell int the hands of the Germans as it wa: k their own. Great light is expected to be throwi ".m this subject when the Prenc1 wounded finally arrive from Germany A thorough investigation will then b'. mule both by French surgeons an* government officials, and if suspicion' ?%hich are now openly voiced, anpea to be verified, France will submit tlv situation for international considers tion. Up to the present moment Germany lias shown the most alertness in pre naring fr the exchange of these sol diers. Whether or not her scarcity of food is responsible for this is not known. The entire number of 2,600 are now gathered at Constance, Swit zerland where arrangements have just been completed by the Swiss government for their transportation into France. This will begin next week. Special trains have been provided each one of which will carry 250 of the helpless men. They will not only be in charge of sisters of the various Catholic orders and Red Cross nurses but each train will have at its head a military commander. They will travel only at night and wiil have the right of way over all other traffic on the Swiss railways. The last possible precaution has been tak en not only for their safety but for every possible care and comfort un til they are finally turned over to France. The German mutilated soldiers who are to be exchanged are now being gotten together at Lyons. They will not number over 1,000, as the French insist that through the care of the Prench surgeons hundreds of German wounded were saved from amputa tes or other operations that would have rendered them unfit for service. Those, however, for whom there was no chance, but whose lives at last were saved, are now being taken at Lyons with every possible care from the military hospitals at Bourg, Roane, Limoges, Saint-Yrieix and otn er points. When the entire number is assembled the exchange will begin. Parisians have just received the most cheering news which has been theirs since the opening of the war. The automobile omnibuses are to put back into service at once. With the declaration of war, all of the airto mnses, which constitute the chief means of transportation here, were rushed to the front with soldiers and supplies. Since then, aside from the subways, Parisians have been obliged to walk or use bicycles. The govern ment is not disclosed whether the autobuses to come back into service are the old ones, no longer needed at the front, or if they are new ones. Tile Company In Difficulty. Service has been made of a peti tion in bankruptcy upon the Columbia Tile Company, a- $100,000 concern of Grafton, W. Va. The petition is returnable April 6 to the United States District Court of the Northern District in this city. era THIRTY WES; FELL THREE Constantinople Has Withstood Many Attacks?-Has Population of Over Million. CONSTANTINOPLE, March 12. (by mail to Now York.)?Besieged more than thirty times, Constantinople had withstood all but three, attacks be fore the time when the power!'., 1 ships of the allied fleets began their bombardmunt of the Dardanelles. The strategic position of the city, at tlie meeting place of two conti nents, has exposed it to attacks since Constantine, Roman ein^eror in A. I). 330, founded it as his new capital on the Bosporous, around ancient By zantium as a nucleus, (. enter of the Eastern Roman empire, it became gradually the refuge of Christianity in the East as the Mohammedans took Antioch* and. Alexandria and slowly drew in on the center itself. Exposel to the attacks of the Avars, Arabs, Bulgara, Venetians and the Latin powers of Western Europe, and finally the Turks Constantinople's strong fortresses have withstood all but three attacks. It was taken by the Venetians and Crusaders in 1203 and taken again in 1204, and by Mo hammed II, after a memorable siege, on May 29, 1453. Play after play for the city was made on the checker board of European politics, and. in 1878 Russian armies advanced to the fortresses of the city, but it was saved through the machinations of European diplomatic jealousy?England refus ing to permit Slav aggression against the Sultan. From the day that the Russian army withdrew from its position, the Constantinople government devoted its efforts to a steady, constant pol- | icy of fortification. The most modern war machinery, including the heaviest guns and the most sturdy fortifica tions, were placed at the Dardanelles entrance and at strategic points along the Sea of Marmora, the Bosporus and the Golden Horn. The passage of a hostile fleet through the Dardanelles has been considerel impossible. Geographical ly, its attack from the west seem ed impossible, even by the heaviest guns of modern dreadnaughts. The imposing picturesqueness of its situation is enhanced by Constanti nople's peculiar type of architecture. Viewed from the sea, it stands out as a gem. Viewed from the city itself, the griny detail and filth of the or ient overcomes the beauty of its mos ques and tombs. Except in the Eu ropean quarters, no serious attempt was ever made by Turkish administra tion to clean the streets?countless dogs have been its scavengers since the fall of the Christian rule. The* harbor of Constantinople is unsurpassed. The Golden Horn af fords accommodation for over 1,000 vessels of the heaviest draught, and is divided by two bridges, into the inner and outer ports of trale and the port of war. The city proper, known as Stambul. ifc entirely Mohammedan, with quaint, dirty bazaars and a Moslem popula tion drawn from the four corners of the earth. Its two principal suburbs. Pera and Galata. are situated on the northern and opposite shores of the Golden Horn. Galata is the business port, and here are the warehouses, banking houses, customs department md big shipping concerns. Pera, the foreigners quarter anl most modern part of Constantinople, lies beyond Galata. The foreign embassies and '.residences of American and Euro peans are at Pera, where nie princi pal street, the Grand Rue, is lined E PROVISIONS OF THE STATE GAME LAW No Fishing License Required?Not in Effect Until the Latter Part of May No person to whom such license has been issued, shall be entitled to iiutu. pursue or kill game in this state, untess ai the time of such hunting, pursuing or killing of game he shall have such license in his actual posses sion; and he shall exhibit the same to any ofli-cor of this statu, or owner, tenant or lessee of any land on which he Is hunting, on demand. All auch license shull be good and valid only until the end of th? ealwudar yoar in which the same were Usued. At the same time that such clerk issues such license to the applicant, he shah also deliver to him a tag bearing In figures the same number us his said license, which tug shall, If the license be confined to hunting in the county of the residence of the applicant, be red in color, and shall also bear the name of the county wherein It was issued; and if such license be Issued to a resident of the state, entitling him to hunt in any and all counties of the state, tin? same shall bo white in color, and bear In figures the same number as his license, and the name of the county wherein the same was issued; and if such license be issued to a non resident, of the state, the same shall be blue In color, and like wise beer the same number In figures as the license, snd the name of the comity wherein the same was issued. The form of snid license to be issued hereunder, and the. said adavits to be made by the applicant therefor, and the tags hereinbefore required to be delivered to the applicant, shall be designed and supplied to the clerk by the state forest, game and fish war den, and such tags shall at. all times be worn prominently exhibited on the army of the licensee while hunting under the authority of said license. The carrying of any uncased gun In any of the fields or woods of this state, by any person not having the lawful right to hunt, pursue .or kill game birds or animals In such fl?lds or woods, shall as to such person, other than the bona fide owner, or owners of such fields or woods, his or their child or children, tenant or ten ants, lessee or lessees, be deemed prima facie evidence of a violation of this section; and any person claim^ irig to hold a license lo hunt in this state, having in his possession any gun or other hunting paraphenalia in such woods, or fields, shall, on fail ure to produce such license for In spection to any warden of this state or owner or agent of the owner of such woods and fields on demand, or upon failure to at all timos wear, as hereinbefore required, the said tag while in such woods or fields, shall be deemed guilty of v. misdemeanor and shall be punished on conviction, as provided later in this aectlon; provided, however, that any resident owner of any lands in this state, his resident, child or children, or bona fide tenants, shall have the right, without se-curing Any such resident "license, to hunt, kill and pursue game birds or animals on such lands of which he, or they, are tho bona fide owners or tenants, during the sea son when it is lawful to kill, catch or pursue such game birds or animals. "THREE WEEKS" BANNED. Huntington, W. Va.?Elinor Glyn's Three Weeks" booked to be shown in a moving picture theatre the first three days of this week, has bden banned by the city commissioners. Their action followed a protest by the ministers and woman's clubs of tho city. with European shops avu -noteis. The Holy of Holies of Constantino- j pie, the abode of the Sultan, known as the Senrai Humayan, is in reality a little city itself, enclosed by walls and including the mosque, administra tive buildings and gardens. It is a nile and a half in circumference, and of royal grandeur, which begins at its outer gate, known t\s the 'Sublime Porte." The population of Constantinople is today roughly estimated at 700,* 000 largely Mohammedans. Including Pera and Galata, the figure is in creased to 1,200,000. ALARM FOR ALL He Tells How DuSt Causes Throat and Lung Trouble?Only Strong Can Resl?t. "In the many small Htroots in the poorer parts of towns anrl cites," wrtes a prominent doctor, "where nuisances occur, a considerable time often elapses before they are reported to tli-e proper authorities. The nui sances continue uuabatlng during this time and may result In infection of some kind. That is not willful tiefli Kttiue It is simply becuuse It seems to We nobody's business to report those nuisances, which continue until the tennnt complains to the real es tate agent or it reaches a lotval de partment in some other roundabout way. "Why could not a department of public safety use inspectors ami po lice otllccrs and have them respiMit c\ery occasion if I hey found that gar bage was scattered over the street or was not properly covered, that a. main was broken, a drain pipe ntorv ped or that any such nuisance had occurred? i "When excavations arc made throughout a city a great, deal of the dirt blown about end Alls the a-ir with dust. T he children of the npigh borliood, too, play In the dirt, and scatter It about. Why should not the excavated material be covored with a tarpaulin so that the dust ?? ould "be minimized? Another preventable cause of the dust and dirt comes from the hay wagons which trail their loads through the streets, dropping dust and chaff along the way. Finally, there are the drop bottom carts of the contractors, which carry dirt and refuse from one place to another. Often one sees a trail of earth sift ing from the improperly closed trap bottom of these wagons to be scat tered and blown about the streets. "All these and many more things go to make up the dust which espec ially in the summer makes a haze which the eye can discern. Smoke often causes part, of this haze, par ticularly in damp weather, when it descends in clouds, but dust is large ly responsible for it. "The effect of these dust particles laden with all sorts of disease bear ers depends simply on the resistance of the individual who breathes them in with the polluted air. They are re sponsible for many cases of conjunc tivitis and, I think, are an important cause of catarrhal and other head, throat and pulmonary trouble." FEWER PRISONERS In Wheeling, W. Va., Because of Prohibition. Wtieeling, W. Va., March 29.?The city of Wheeling has saved 28,688 meals in the last all months mecauae of prohibition. That many fewer meals have been served at the city workhouse during the "dry" regime. In the six months ended February 28, ell "dry" months, 7,900 meals were served workhouse prisoners. In the six months ended February 28, 1914, aii "wet" mouths, 36,458 meals were served, lu the six "dry" months 203 prisoners were received, while in the six. ' wet" months there were 737. Nine Pairs of Twin* In Family. A family passed tlirough this city on a Baltimore and Ohio train xe cently consisting of 21 mernbera. The father was 38 years old, the mother 36 years and there were nine pairs of twins. Fourteen of the chil dren pascsed free, being under th? limit. ^ ?r BiJKsrae*