Newspaper Page Text
The Pioneer Press.
"HERE SHaLL THE PRE*?, THE PEOPLED MAINTAIN, I'NAWKI) KY INFLUENCE AND 0NBK1BKD BY GAIN" ESTABLISHED 1882, MARTINSBURG, W. Va? SATURDAY, JULY 24; 1915. VOL. 34 NO. 20 Feeding Of Infants The feeding of young children is of greater importance than most persons realize. Everyone knows j that the external body of the infant is immature and undeveloped and that the tiny bones must be protect ed from overstrain during the for mative period if they are to be strong and straight in adult life. But many people forget to apply the same thought to the undeveloped internal organs of the infant. To avoid overtaxing the tender digestive organs during this forma tive period nourishing, easily di gested liquids should be the only food given. When the teeth appear it is an indication that the digestive system is becoming more mature and that the fluids which aid in the digestion of starches have also de veloped. The child can now digest the semi solid foods without inter % fering with the normal development of the stomach and intestines. Milk should form the basis of the diet not only during infancy, but should continue to be used at least twice a day during the entire period of growth. It supplies to the body the mineral substances as well as i the other nutriments required fori building up the bones and muscles of the body. I Tea and coffee should not have a place in the diet of children. They | 'are stimulants and tend to deprive the child of a normal taste for wholesome, nourishing food. Fruit juices are very beneficial ?orange, pineapple, prune and other mild fruits. Cereals and green vegeta bles as well as spinach, carrots, peas,! lettuce and celery are valuable, be ing rich in mineral substances. J Kggs.and especially the yolks, are very nutritious and may, be com bined with milk in the preparation of many attractive desserts. Children do not have a reserve supply of energy in their bodies, so it is important that a child of 5 or 6 years should have a hearty break fast consisting of cooked fruit, a cereal, milk or cocoa, toast and butter; a mid-morning lunch of food that nourishes rather than tempts the eye of the child?graham crackers and milk, bread and jam , or fruit and crackers; for dinner, soup or a small piece of meat,baked potato, spinach, bread and butter, junket and cream or a baked apple. The supper may consist of a soft cooked egg, bread and butter, milk and jelly. Or bread and milk alone will furnish the required nourish ment. DRIVKS AUTO BACKWARD. , Coudersport, Pa. ? North Tier automobiles have to be hill climb ers. C. B. Chaffee, of Warren, tried to climb a Potter county mountain in his car, but the hill was so steep that the gasoline under the seat would not flow ahead to the carbu retor. ? So he backed down the hill, turned the car around and backed IMITATItN DIAMONDS. They Los? Their Sparkle When They Lose Their Sharj^ Edges. Only the expert can tell uu imitation diamond from u real stone when the imitation is new, but alter the fake stone has been worn for a little time it booh loses its lustre. It is this which makes a real diamond valuable. No matter how long it is worn it# will keep Its sparkle almost as well as ever. The real reason for this is tlie hard ness of the diamond. It. is not due to any special quality In the stone itself, except 'ts transpasency and its hard ness. The sparkle of a diamond depends on the sharpness of the edges and the points of Its facets. When (lie light falls on one of these it is rejected to another facet, lying at a different angle and Ls refracted again, and so on. many times. Each time the light Is reflected it gives a point of brilliance, and, in most instances, splits up Ihe light so that the red and blue rays are seen. The imitation stone, to begin with, seldom has as many facets as a dia mond. Rut. even if it had. the sharp ness of these edges would wear oft*. Even exposure to the air will wear away any substance that is not ex tremely hard. And just as soon as there is any dulling of the edges of a facet, so soon there is a dimming of the brilliance of the stone.?New York American. The Stuart Penny. A pamphlet published in 1077, enti tled "The Worth of a Penny, or, a Cau tion to Keep Money, With the Causes of the Scarcity and Misery of the Want Thereof In These Hard and Merciless Times," contains a list of articles ob tainable for a penny in the days of Charles II. These include "a dish of coffee to quicken your stomach and re fresh your spirits," "a fair cucumber" and "portions of such commodities as nuts, vinegar, grapes, cake, onions and oatmeal." The catalogue of penny worths obtainable at an apothecary's is a lengthy one and includes "lettuce to make you sleep, mithridate to make you sweat and aniseed, which may save your life in a fainting or swound." ?London Mirror. Odd Name Oddly Won. The Inn known as the "Same Yet," at Prestwich, has a curious history, which Mr. Ilackwood relates: "The house originally bore the 'Seven Stars,' but many years ago It became neces sary to have Its faded sign repainted. When the painter asked the landlord what he was to put on the board he received the answer. 'The same yet.' And the man took him at his word."? London News. Certainly Foolish. We never heard of a man who tried to free himself of a manslaughter charge by pleading guilty to murder, but an up state man tried to prove he wasn't crazy the other day by claim ing he was in love.?Milwaukee Jour nal. , Fixing the Blame. The Parson?To whom am I indebted for this visit? The Bridegroom?To Mamie's mother; she thought I'd been courtincr her long enough, and she said *o.?Philadelphia Ledger. Expecting Another Drop. Some time ago Mrs. Green called on her friend, Mrs. White, and, after Clutching, kissing and saying how dreadfully delighted they were to seo 'each other, they turned to the Inter esting topics of the day. "By the way," said Mrs. Green after a time, "I haven't heard anything about Eva's divorce lately. I wonder what has become of it?" "I heard a few days ago that she had dropped all proceedings," answered Mrs. White. "Dropped all proceedings!" was the wondering rejoinder of Mrs. Green. "You don't really mean It?" "Yes," returned Mrs. White. "Her husband has taken to aeroplanlng, and she has decided to let the thing ad Just itself."?Philadelphia Telegraph. it two miles to the top of the hill. J.N. McKean, of Towanda, was with Chaffee. Concrete Roads 4 Are The Best The tremendous strides which have been taken in concrete road construction during the past few years are strikingly shown by the | linn res given below. Special attention can be drawn to I the record in the State of Maryland, I and that of Milwaukee County in ; the State of Wisconsin. 'i his matter is brought specially ! to our attention by an interview j \\ itli Mr. l<oring A. Cover, Presi dent of the Securitv Cement and j _ l i Lime Company, Hagerstown, | j Maryland, who has just returned ' from a visit to Milwaukee in com ! puny with other cement manufac turers to inspect the concrete roads in that vicinity. Milwaukee Conn J ty is establishing one of the best ! concrete road systems in the conn- ! i try, which promises to become as noted as that of Wayne County, j Mi:higan. The State of Maryland) is also becoming famous for this h nil tvpe of road which it has! a :< pud as its standard. The great advantage of this type of !i ad w> not only its smooth sur face, biK its everlasting qualities, e.cn under heaviest traffic, espec ially automobile traffic. It is so far the only type of road in use which seems to he proof against the disin tegrating tendencies of the automo bile. The cost of upkeep on this type of road will be practically nothing for a number of years. The resisting power of the concrete road to severe traffic has been illus trated in the Milwaukee district and, also, in the State of Maryland, by the moveim nt over the road of a number of large traction engines on iron wheels with cleats, these en gines bearing heavily loaded wagons which were also on iron wheels. Jt is safe to say that additional roads of this type are going to be constructed in the sections in which they have been started as fast as money can be secured to build them The first cost of the concrete road is slightly higher than that of the best type of macadam road, but far cheaper in the long run. Referring to the data following, the State of Maryland has decreased its concrete road construction only because the total appropriation by the last Legislature has been ex hausted, and there is a cry arising all over the State for additional ap propriations for these roads. The sections of the State which are not enjoying the ble-singsof good roads are commendably jealous of the j more favored section, and are going to demand their rights. ST A T K ROADS COMMISSION makvla n D COnc k f, t K R O A I >s DATA. MILES. H',? Y S. Built during lc.,13 6.89 54,;(>j Huilt dur nj? 19 4 121 .*9 </>8.3 >3 Built during 1915 33-1* 172.331 Huilt during 1915 (>6,090 TOT A I. 16958 1,360.987 DATA ON VILWAUKKK COUNTY WISCONSIN. CONCKK t'E WOAbS. fteyan building concrete reads in 1912 MILKs During 1912 constructed 5 618 During 1913 constructed 21.036 WALL PAPERS AND LIGHT. How Money May Dc Wacted by Select ing the Wrong Colors. "Talk about handing out fire gas ranges or rcntiug them oot al a n??nd ual rental," said a man in the employ of a gas company; "there is aijothei item that encourages gas cousun/ption, and t hat is wall papers. ** 11* 1 were running the business 1 would hand oui free wall papers. Hut I would do the choosing. Kieli deep greens and browns they are the col ors that bring up your bills and out profits." llow many people realize that a big percentage of their g:is money'inay be sunk i111<? their walls Mid wasted? It may be only a lmittcr of color of yom wall paper whether you light one or three burners. White walls, of course, absorb the least light. ??!11 \ per ?? 111, but nearly everybody wants some color to meet tin1 eye. A chrome yellow absorbs only J 8S per cent. 1 'aper of mi orange shade robs you only of fiO per cent of your light. It is when you get into the roils and | greens and browns that the light be-1 gins to dim. A dark green wall paper, so restful 0? the eye, absorbs s*J per cent of the light. And paper of a deep chocolate leaves only 1 per cent of the light rays for use. Its power of ab sorption is in; per cent.?New York Sun. NATURE AS A DESIGNER. If You Need a Model of Equilibrium Study tho Kangaroo. Tin-*re was a certain college professor of machine design who was as original in his views as he was ahle in his sub ject. One of his pet theories was the interrelation between nature and cor rect design. "Boys," he would say, "there has been only one designer who never made, a mistake, and the more we study Ids work the better machines we will build. When you put. legs under a machine think of a horse or a cow, and get. them as far apart as you ran. I>on't. get. too much overhang at either end. "And, speaking of a counterbalance, study the kangaroo. There is no pret tier example of equilibrium in all po sitions. The further over he hums the more his tail comes into action off the ground. And again, in speaking of general design, wherever possible, try to work for elasticity as against rigid ity. You find very little of the rfcld in nature, and little trees often sur vive a gale by bending, when? big ones are blown down." All of which was undoubtedly very true, and made more of an impression on his hearers than some of the mon; complicated mat hemat ic;d demon*! ra tions that followed. .John II. Van i )c* venter in Engine ering Maga/.inc. The Alarm Clock Cur?j, A writer in the Farm and Fireside declares that the surest cure for broody hens is an alarm clock, lie says: "Some years a o I w.,s ? ndeavoring lo break up a sitting hen. but my ef forts were in vain. Old Valler con tinned to sit. Finally I took a small alarm clock and set it so it would go off in a few minutes, i placed it in one corner <?f her nest and watched. It went off. And so did Old Yallcv. She left the nest and stood da/; d for one horrified Instant, and then, with one shrill squawk, she ran out of the hen house and Mew over the park fence and began to hunt fov bugs in the grass. "She not only stopped sitting, but she HtopjKJd clucking, and in a short time began to lay. I have since fried this method on more than loo broody hens with complete success." IHiring *9*4 construct! 24.995 During lQi 5 will build 40,000 ToTAI, r)t (>\<) (i K N K KM, DATA ON CONCKKTK KOADS INTHB UNITED STATES AND CANADA. Concreie Roads constructed previous to 10(19, 798.900 equate yard*; Concrete K nads constructed in 1909. ?(">1.300 square yards; Concrete Roads constructed in irjto t ,313.400 !-'|uare yard?; Concreie Roads constructed in 1911 a o(>9 400; Concrete Roads constructed tn 1912 5,295.400; Con crete Roads constructed in 1913 9 596.800; Concrete Roads constructed in 1914 14, 405.100; Estimated Square Yardage in 1915 19 500,000. Famous Negro Minstrel Bead \ ' The original ami only Billy Ker saiuls, the colored minstrel, died at Artesia, New Mexico, Jline 30, of heart failure. lie was seventy three years old, but Still in t lie Katue. He was i\-i11x two perform 1 ances in Artesia with the Nikro and Stevenson Shows when his demise came almost immediately after the second show. Hilly Kersands had been on the American stage foi nearly fifty years. lit- was horn at Baton Rouge, ha., 1 >111 when very young he went to New York and engaged in the boot black trade. His first venture in the show business was in the year of 1S7<>, when he started with Calender's (George Minstrels as inside end man and baggage boy. He worked his way up and was soon one of the stars of the com pany. He traveled with this com pany for many years, and when Jack Ilaverley took the company over he traveled with them to Ku rope. This was the company man aged by the late Clras. h'rohman. The company played to all the c row ned heads of 11 ic* old country, ri11< 1 Hilly was presented with a dia mond stud by (Juccii Victoria. At this time Hilly was making ?-.50 a week, and it was the beginning of his ultimate success. He then org anized a company of his own with Charles J licks as partner. This run along for several years, when the company was disbanded. Ker sands then joined the Richards and I'ringle Minstrels, under the man agement of Rusco Mr. Holland. Af ter a few years with Richards tic I'ringle Hilly again put out another company, and again toured the Ori ent. On their return to the Occi dent, Mr. and Mrs. Kersands joined with the Nigro tK: Stevenson Shows* where they had their own show. Ivvery member of the Nigro and Stevenson Shows was present at the deathbed of the old veteran, and they all offered their services and sympathies to Mrs. Kersands at her darkest hour. Mr. Nigro savs of the venerable old minstrel: "There never was a man in the colored profession more honored and re spected than Hilly Kersands. The order was given by the manager to close all shows the night after his death." Mrs. Kersands extends her sin cerest appreciation to all who tried to console her, and thanks them for their many kindnesses. The remains were shipped to Chattanooga for interment. ? Indi anapolis Freeman. Perhaps Harry Thaw is sane, and being sane should be at liberty, but the disposition of emotional women and men to make a hero of the murderer of Stanford White is sick ening. He was a notorious liber tine, a gambler, and a spendthrift, and erratic if not actually crazy. The fact that he belongs to a very wealthy family should entitle hint to no more consideration than I would be given to any ordinary man of his type.?Wheeling Regis ter.