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The Pioneer Press
HBBB HBahL TBI PBBHS, TBI PIOPIBV KM,Mb MAINTAIN. I'Ni* II) BY INPLUBNOK AND ONBBlBBD BY OAItf" BSTABISHBD 1882, SIART1N8BURG, W. Va., SATCKDVY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1916. VOL. 34 NO. 29 Park Rangers Good Scouts "To be able to render the best service in patrolling, the park ran ger must be properly armed, moun ted, and clothed. He must feel that his weapons are superior to those in the hands of any outlaw to whom he may be opposed; his mount be swifter, and his clothing adequate to protect him against the rigors of the climate of his local ity." Thus spoke Col. L. M. Brett, U. S. A., superintendent of the Yel lowstone, at the recent National Parks Conference at Berkeley, Cal. Col. Brett is one of the most expe rienced Indian fighters in the na tional service. "A park ranger about to start on his journey, in addition to his arms, horse and equipment, should have a piece of canvas with which he can made a canvas shelter effective "against any weather, rations ample for the journey, cooking utensils, field glasses, a map of his park and contiguous territory, compass, note book and pencil, ax, first-aid pack et, and telephone tester. As soon " as he leaves the ranger station he becomes a scout who must oppose his wits and energy against those whose life is spent in the open among the wild animals and who ? have taken from these animals those characteristics that we know ? **1 are possessed by the fox, the coy ote, the timber wolf, and the moun tain lion. He who rides the trail in a perfunctory and aimless man ner is but a joke to such men. "To cope with such people he must learn from the Indian, who ?vails himself of every sign and indication that nature or wild life can give. The Indian never places himself upon the sky line until he is thoroughly satisfied that there is nothing within the range of vision to detect him. He will lie some times for an hour with his head against a bush, field glasses to his eyes, and scan the country, and then again scan it, for any sign of human life or for any movement among the wild animals which indicates the stranger in their midst. "The scout does not remain on the trail that has been beaten by somebody else?his enemy would not be there?but he is taking ad vantage of every inequality of the ground, of swale and the coulees, the branches of trees along the stream banks, and the shady side of every ridge, observing carefully for indications of trails, fresh signs of horse, or any imprint of the foot. His eye must be so trained that even the bending of the grass would tell him a story and would arouse his suspicion. "He should never build a fire by daylight in the country where he has reason to believe the enemy may be lurking. At night, in some canyon or in some sheltered spot where the blaze can be seen but a very few feet, he can build his small fire and cook his food for the ?? evening and the next day. It is well for him to have enough food i cooked ahead so that he can remain on the trail, or in pursuit of an enemy for 48 hours without having to stop to cook. "in his moments of leisure when resting he should make careful notes of all that he sees and any thing out of the ordinary that -he : can not understand should be care | fully described so that he may pre sent this to his superior officer on his return for interpretation. > Where he is called to points remote from his usual patrol route he i should indicate a journey on his map by use of his compass. He : should be careful to note the condi | tion of the animals and whenever i possible to count those of the differ ent species for the information of headquarters. "Any indication of sickness among the animals is of the great est importance and should be re ported at once, because epidemics are almost as frequent among ani mals as among human beings. In terference in any way, shape, or manner with the natural formations should be reported. Dead fish on the surface of the water is a dan gerous symptom and would indi cate fishing by use of explosives;and generally speaking, any indication that nature or any of her creatures has been disturbed should be given the closest scrutiny and reported to the officer in charge. "Men who will lend themselves I conscientiously to this work are not | common, and in their training it is of the greatest importance that their faculties of observation be cultivated to the extreme limit. These men must feel a pride in the work and strive to have their sec tion the very best patrolled one within the park. We will not get a force sufficiently educated along ths lines that I have indicated un less we all unite in systematic work and instruction, which can not be too comprehensive nor too painsta" king." SEWER AND COOK WED. A wedding took place at the Gipsy Scot ranch, south of Oakes dale, Washington, when Ernest Guyot, a sack sewer in the thresh ing crew of Charles Matney, of Rockford, and Irene Whitehead, of Rockford.who has been cooking for the crew, were married standing on a pile of sacks of newly threshed grain. Threshing operations were sus pended during the ceremony, and the whole crew gathered around as witnesses. Rev. J. A. Hedges per formed the ceremony, and the young couple were heartily cheered by the crew. WORE SHOES BUT LITTLE. William E. Mooney, a farmer who never wore shoes except in winter, died Friday night at the age of 92, in Union, New Jersey. He ascribed his longevity to his custom of going about in his bare feet. Even when there was frost on the ground Mooney went about in his bare feet. He smoked all his life, but never more than a pipeful a day. He never touched liquor for medicinal purposes. The First Negro Prelate The first bishop of Negro blood on the American continent to wear the miter was Right Rev. Francis co Jovier de Lima Victoria, who was the son of a freed slave who pursued the vocation of a charcoal burner, near Boca de la Rio Gran de. and peddled it on his back in the streets <?t~ Panama, as one there may see there many Negroes still doing. This old man lived tor no other purpose than to rear aiid ed ucate his so11 and offer him for the sacred ministry, and he saw his purpose accomplished. Luna Victoria was not only a man of virtue and learning, but a successful man of affairs as well. When the see of Panama became vacant by the promotion of Bishop Juan de Casterida to the see of Cuzeo, Pei 11, it having been offered to and refused by several members of religious orders, the miter fell upon the head of the priest Fran cisco Jovier de Luna Victoria, a native of the country, who had as cended in the degrees of the eccles iastical hierarchy by his merits and virtues. He was well received and accep ted by the people of Panama in those days, when it was known as a "proud and wealthy city." He took possession of the diocese on the 15 th of August, 1751. The new prelate, it is recorded, fur nished at his own expense the cath edral and enriched it with jewelry and precious vestments, placed the I bells on the towers and was trans ferred to the see of Trujillo, Peru, I in 1750. He continued to furnish the money until the building was com pleted on the 3d of December, 1760. He was the first man of Negro blood on the American continent to wear the miter and the flowing robes of a bishop of the Roman Catholic church. GOOD BUSINESS RULES. Business men in business hours, attend only to business affairs. Make your business known in few words, without loss of time. Let your dealings with strangers be most carefully considered and true friendships duly appreciated, j A mean act will soon recoil, and a man of honor will be esteemed. Leave ''tricks of trade" to those whose education was never com pleted. Treat all with respect, confide in i few, wrong no man. Be never afraid to say no, and always be prompt to acknowledge and rectify wrong. Leave nothing for tomorrow that should be done today. Because a friend is polite, do not think his time is valueless. Have a place for everything, and ? everything in its place. To preserve long friendship,keep a short credit; the way to fcet cred it is to be punctual; the way to pre serve it is not to use it too much. Settle often; have short accounts. Trust no man's appearance; they arc often deceptive,ami assumed for the purpose of obtaining credit. Rogues generally dress well. The rich man generally are plain men. He well satisfied before you give a credit, that those to whom you give it are safe men to be trusted. lTNCLE EPH'S PHILOSOPHY. Ah'vebeen thinkin' of (lis struggle Dat is called so of en life, An' ah've read what dem philoso phers Done say about de strife Why dere big words and high no tions, An' dere isms an' dere creeds, Jes' add to de confusion, Hut Ah knows what dis worl" needs. It's de simplest sort o' reason, 'Tain't a complicated thing; A bird don't have no programme. When he's fixin' fo' t' sing. An' a man don' need no guide book Ko' de proper way t' find, He is doin' all dat's needful Ef he'll only jes' be kind. Jes' kindness, lnuian kindnesa, Is de answer t' de plan, Jes' t' treat de other fellow Like yo' knows dat he's a man, An' dere ain't no fear yo'll wrong him, Or will play de sinner's part Ef yo've alius got a little Stock o' kindness in yo' heart. Jes' make dat yo' religion An' fo'get yo' fancy creeds, An' A1T11 bet t' get to Heaven Dat is all a fellow needs. Eo' upon de day of judgment When de goats an' sheeps are lined Fo' de good Lo'd, He'll be easy On de brudder who was kind. TO LIVE WITH NEGROES. Miss Florence McFarlane, a del egate from London, England, is going to live among Negroes, she announced in an address before the New Thought Congress, at San Francisco, to test the practicability of universal brotherhood. "If I can live happily among the blacks," she said, "if I can love them as I love the people of my own race, then I will know that our dream of brotherhood for all races may come true." H istory. History is a voice forever sounding across the centuries the laws of right and wrong. Opinions alter, manners change, creeds rise and fall, but the moral law is written on the tablets ot eternity. For every false word or un righteous deed, for cruelty and oppres sion, for lust or vanity, the price has to be paid at last?not always by the chief offenders, but paid by some one. Justice and truth alone endure and live. Injustice and falsehood may be long lived, but doomsday comes at last to them in French revolutions and other terrible ways.?James Anthony Froude. HOT WEATHER A BLESSING. The unprecedented hot wave that blanketed the western section of the country was a blessing to the people at large, despite the fact that it kept the residents of the cities sweltering. Following the season of heavy rains the heat is doing splendid work, the forecaster says, in bringing to ma turity the great grain crops in the middle west, the cotton crop in the south and the hay crop in the east. How Girls Ought To Be Trained Kvery woman should know how to sew. There is a mistaken notion in masculine minds that every woman does know how to sew. Hnt this is by no means a general rilling. There are quite a number of the fair sex who have no skill wherever with the needle and tin cart and are quite unable to mend,much less to make their own attire. When the lirst movements were made toward the higher education of women, the movements which originated the important women's colleges and educational centers of today, the effort [to improve femi nine education and raise it above the mediocre instruction of early days went to the other extreme,and Greek and Latin and mathematics usurped the place of the domestic arts. Dressmaking and homecraft in all its branches had 110 place in the curriculum of the modern college firl, and the young lady who came back from her finishing school might be very learned in literature and the sciences, but was very lit tle use when it came to sewing and dusting and the many duties of or 11 inary home life. Now the pendulum is swinging back again, and one ia glad to see that even the most advanced of girls' schools include housewifery and other useful accomplishments in their list of subjects. It is per fectly easy to be studious and thor oughly well educated, to have a good working knowledge of the arts and sciences, to know lan guages and history, and yet be able to handle a needle and cook a din ner. So many quite young girls are inclined to think this is impossible. They feel that floury hands and an intimate acquaintance with a dust pan and brush are things to be avoided. A time coines now and again in the life of nearly every woman which demands the perfor mance of these simple duties, and the girl who is totally unprepared for such emergencies may find her self in a sorry plight indeed. There is infinite wisdom in teach ing girls in their teens to make their own clothes, to cook and to clean and make up a room, and there are fortunately many mothers who instruct their daughters them selves in these matters. A girl will not be wearied with needlework if her handiwork produces a new and dainty gown for her own adorn ment, and cutting out, tacking and stitching are double in interest when the completed garment wilt be something to be proud of. Hard Water. Tbe streams of wa tor used in hy^ draulic mining are said to be so swift that If one tried to back into them with a sword the weapon would fly to piece?.. The water is moving so rapidly tbat it has no time to yield beneatb the stroke and In consequence is like ? bar of iron. A small hag cannot be made to "cobk tain what is large. A short rope can* not be used to draw water from 9 Chlasae Prorerb. .