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ESTABLISHED 1859. IS PUBLISH ID THURSDAYS AT OMSCO, ID COUHTT RAT OF HOWA1D OOUHTT, W & F. J* MK AD) #PIOI IN CKNTKNNIAL BLOCK TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION* copy OM Y»r. oopjr «ix month* copy ttow month* «Q ATTOMFTS. IOHK MOCOOK. II. c. MCCARTHY McCARTEY & McCOOK, Attorneys and Counselors at Law CRESCO, IOWA. Will practice in all the Courts of the State, Mke loam, and attvnd to buying and selling real estate and securities. Office in Centennial Block, up-staln. Mtf |_| T. REED, Attorney and Counselor at Law, CRESCO, IOWA. Particular attention given to collections and litigated suits. Office over The Bank of Cresco. W. K. BARKBK. JEREMIAH BARKKK. BARKER BROS., Attorneys and Counselors at Law, CKE8CO, IOWA. Will "practice in all the State and Federal Courts. JSG^rl pRANK 8AYB8, Attorney and Counselor at Law, G'ltESCO, IOWA. Will practice in all the Courts of the State. Office over Zundulowitz store, east side Elm street. 2«f M. J. MEAD, Attorney and Counselor at Law, TACOMA, W.T. Collection* promptly and carefully attended to. Correspondence solicited. 8-25 PHYSICIANS. w CONNOLLY, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, CRESCO, IOWA. Office over Glass' Store. Office hours, one to feree p. in. 24-21 €. BENNETT, M. D. SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN, CRESCO, IOWA. Office at Residence, first door cast of the Episcopal Church. 3J&-8S J- A. BARRETT, M. D„ C. M. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, CRK8CO, IOWA. Bpedal attention to Surgery. Office over Thompson a Johnson llros., alongside the bank Office open ulght and day. HOTEL8. feTBQTKSR HOIT«" O W. STROTHER, Proprietor, CRESCO, IOWA. Thf OH')1-Hrst-elass i House in Crcsoo, 1 5tf ASON HOUSE, J. J. Mason, Proprietor, CltESCO, IOWA, This house has been thoroughly refitted and newly furnish,wl, and will be made a homo to Xsatisfaction of its patrons. 30-yl AUCTIONEERS. QHA8. CRAMER, AUCTIONEER. O S O I O W A Will give attention to Auction sales ou short •Dtice. Terms reasonable. Satisfaction guar. An teed. 4ttU 0 H. WOOD, AUCTIONEER. E S O I O W A Auction Soles will have prompt attention on Aort notice. Suttafactlou£ uar&utotd. Terms reasonable. MI QR, W. U. KELLOGG. DENTAL SURGEON, CRESCO, IOWA. All work in his line will have prompt and careful attention, office over White a Moon's •lore. 5-27-tf cKAlT« PHOTOGRAPHER, 0«W Glass' Grocery Store Creseo, Iowa. Our pictures of ehiUlren excel all others in N E., Iowa. All work the very best. Copies from old pictures furnished in every style and wbu.-. 6^ E. UERTILAND 8 flNE ART GALLERY* CRESCO, IOWA, Is Prepared with all modern improvements to give perfect copies of the original. OtUee •ver Weutworth & Mehols. 5-27-t Real Estate Office BARKER BROS. Jv« prompt & Bf 1 Winn JaYoral rht sad so.,, be best tonal business wU and oaraful attention i fai CtttaaaUI Block, Crescs, ley O K BERG'S lmiMEICT CRESCO,-:- :-:-IOWA. Sepresen a the following insurance companies: Ten of the Largest, Strongest ana BEST COMPANIES potng Buslse* IN THE UNITED STATES. OVER $21,000,000 OF ASSETS phoenix. of Brooklyn. $4,342,490 Hartford, of Hartford 4,401.880 ffew York Underwriter^' Agency, 8,637,181 Commercial Union, of London. 1*. 8. branch) 2,368,535 Agricultural, of Watertown, i,7£'.&38 (tun Fire, of London, (1'. s. branch).... 1,675,132 State insurance cu.,cf Des Moines,.... 846,^" Western Home, of Sioux City, (German Flie, of Peoria American central, of at. Louis, 181.151,468 i3 5U0.518 803,273 1,178,878 Insure your property. C. K BERG, Agent The Mirror is no flatterer. Would you thake it tell a sweeter tale Magnolia Balm is the charm ef that almost cheats the looking-glass, VOL. XXVII.—NO. 5. "AN IMPENDING CRASH." Voted Author on Finance Pactum tfce Situation in the United States. A Clear-Headed Statement Concerning a Much-Feared "Impending Crash." i In Important Document That Americans Will Bo Well to Carefully Bead. Alexander Del Mar, the anthor of one of the most exhaustive and instructive works on money, has written a letter to the Pall Mall Gazette in which he re views very carefully the financial situa tion in tho United 8tatei. It po.SKe.sses the rare merit of being a thoroughly disinterested review of the prenent con fused state of ail'airs. He points out very forcibly and clearly many things that Greenbackers have been trying, almost hopelessly, to impress upon the minds of the American people. It is to be hoped that, inasmuch as he is not ranked among the "iiat lunatics," his opinions will have some influence in awakening an interest upon the great question of finance that question Which will not down, but which must be fairly met, thoroughly discussed and wisely settled. The writer says: Since my return to America I have endeavored to ascertain the views of the leading men here in regard to the state of trade. They are not enconrag ing. The gold men, the silver men and the Greenbackers predict a crash in American securities. No one is willing to fix a time when this event may ba expected but all agree—though for different reasons—that it is certain to happen. Meanwhile stocks are buoy ant, and the stock-brokers scoff at rognostications of evil. "Western nion is dog cheap at 70." Bays one: "It is the best stock thatJay UouM holds." $*y« anotfc— rhe New v«*»ey central is bound to make an ar rangement with Garrett, and that will put the stock U} "JO per cent." Shouts a third: "This is a bull market, and don't you forget it." Nevertheless, I notice that it is not the general public who are buying, and that, while loanable funds press freely upon tho market at 1 per cent, per annual without takers, 6 per cent, railway bonds scarcely fetch par. The general situation is as follows: The volume of money in the country, in which all prices are expressed, has been reduced every year for several years, while the population and the re- gicreased. uirements of exchange have greatly Upon a rough estimate, the actual currency in lb81 was probably not less than £4 10s per capita. It is now certairly not over x-i 8s _per capita, and probably not over £3. Thia enormou* contraction of money, com pared with population, and therefore with exchanges, is quite sufficient to account for the existing depression of trade, without looking any further. Unfortunately the Government dcea not possess the power to remedy thia state of ail'airs. It parted with its con trol over the circulating medium some ten or fifteen years ago. The gold coinage is regelated by the deposits of bullion-holders, and this means, sub stantially, the banks. The greenback issues are limited by the law of 1875, operating from 187D they are re deemable in coin upon presenta tion at tho Troasury. The banks hold more than one-fourth of these notes, and have it in their power to cause such a run on the Treasury as would compel it to stop coin payments. Tne bank Lo are governed by the banks. Tliero is no national bank. The co-oalled ''national banks" are the old $tate banks with new names. They are only national so far that the re demption of their circulating notes is secured by pledges of national stocks instead of State stocks, as formerly. Their influence upon the National Gov ernment is overwhelming. They pro moted that long series of acts relating to public loans, commencing in 1862 and lasting to the present time, which Compelled the Government to raise money by selling paper promises and pay it buying golden ones to appro* priate enormous sums as commissions to the banks for converting these prom iscs and to suppress the coinage of silver in 1873, in order to enhance the value of tho gold held by the banks. Many of the important officers of the Government are recruited from the banks or promoted into them by way of reward for faithful service. A curious proof of how muoh more respect is paid to the wishes of the banks than the mandates of the Government is af forded by the tone of the last report of the United States Comptroller of the Currency. In t' at document he al ludes to the "folly" of Congress in or dering the coinage of silver dollars de clares that "th? law is unworthy of this nation," and predicts that it will "soon er or later bring upon us finsncial trouble and disgraco (lieport of lsH4.) The oulv dement of tho cur reney which is not beyond control of the Government is tho stiver dollars. Control of these is what tho banks are aiming to secure. Tho means em ployed are hieflv the i astern press end the lobby. Another of their de vices is the retirement of their note is sues, to keep pace with the coinage of silver dollars under tho Bland act,with the object of nullifying that act and destroying its neiicial effects. Last year they destroyed '.24,0tMl,0 :0 of tlleir notes and the subservi nt Comptroller of the Currency esti mated that this year thoy would retire if i0,00 ,' C» s. They have, in fact, re tired three times as much. It is the sharpest aud most unnecessary con traction known to history, and the whole obieet of it is to force tho Gov eenrent either to surrender its control over money, or suspend coin payments, The real merits of this struggle, long hidden beneath the jargon of bi-met alism and the "honest-dollar" preten sions of financial conspirators, have never been lost sight of in the West and South, but, until uite recently, they do not appear to have been dia Cerned in the East and North. On the J2th inst. there met at Saratoga Springs delegates from the People's party, the Greenback party, and the Citizen par ty. Tlieso parties, after uniting to gether, adopted a "platform." or decla ration of principles, the first words of which are as follows: "We demand that, *11 iuonev, whether metallic or paper, hall be issued by the Government, ant ma IsUI toI TUisj&eg- i'aration cover,th«- s*»ulcaiscarce ly fail to liav«* such in.lucnce on the State elections next nutumii as tore mind the Eastern members of Congress that the batiks are not their only con stituents. Meanwhile, the depressed state of trade will give the banks a temporary victory by creating an urgent demand for curre -y of some kind or another. It is a peculiarity of the situation that this demand can much more readily be met by the banks than the Government. Under existing laws the Government has no power to increase the currency, while the banks have. The Government cannot in crease the f. old coinage, liecause the banks own the accumulated gold and control all the new supplies. It can not increase the silver coinage, because this depends upon the discretion of officers opposed to such increase, be cause the banks have refused to accept silver dollars for the payment of bal ances in tho New York clearing-house, and because a great clamor has been raised against the silver dollars. It oannot increase the greenbacks because they are limited to $HIH,000,(X0, and are payable on demand in gold and sil ver coins, of which the 'rreasury pos sesses an insufficient number. It can not increase the nntional-bank notes because the banks have entire control of this emission and arc fact rapidly decreasing it from day to day. On the other hand, the State laws nnder which these banks formerlv is sued circulating notes, and which 1-iws have never been repented, enable the banks to issue similarni.te-* again and, indeed, this is precisely what they are aiming to do. Na'i ual stocks now scarcely yield an inc in of 3 per cent per annum, while Ktafe and municipal stocks pav 6 to 8 per cent. To ex change their circulation pledges of national stocks for tit.tte and munici pal ones would increase the combined rnoome of the national banks derived from 12 to 1' million dollar per auuum. Itisnowundir millions it mi-:ht be increased to 2- millions, even if thaif circulation did not exceed the thirty years a** a ot 4i4t.ui.ugh the b.uiks at liberty is issue notes upon the pledge of State stocks, and could give them currency by n fusing to receive any other money in payment of clear ing-house balances, yet there nro two obstacles in the way of doing this ad vantageonslv. The superior it rfenon backs, which are leg ii tender I KM ween all persons excej fr.-m the -vem inent, and of national bank rotes, which are legal tender to and from the Government, but not between in dividuals or from the bauks. is such that so long s any considerable i.um ber of them remained in circulation, tho public would be unwillinur to accept State bank-notes in the stead. This obstacle tho b-mks are engaged in re moving. The national bank-note cir culation is being rapidly retired. The other obstacle is a ta\ of 10 per ccnt. which the National Government imposes upon all State bank-notes is sued for circulation as money. An ef fort will be made during the* next ses sion of Congress to covertly repeal this tax. The times are hard, the widow and orphans are suffering we have paid off more than half our national debt we have an annual surplus so large that we do not know how to dispose of it. The people are overtaxed. Let us di minish our enormous revenues by re ducing the taxes. But we must not reduce the customs taxes, because that would deprive our manufacturers of protection and throw a vast number of workingmen out of employment. The times are hard enough let us not make them harder. Therefore we must reduce the internal taxes we must destroy every vestige of this relio of the war, etc., and off will go the 10 per cent, tax on State bank circulation, and the banks will have won their victory. The Money Battle. [From the Rural World.) The friends of the silver dollar might as well be its enemies unless they are fully aroused to an appreciation of the necessity of entering at onee and de terminedly upon the work of defendini it. There has not been a day am hardly an hour this summer during which the oonspiraoy against it has not been active. It is now proposed to issue silver certificates based upon the value of the silver bullion in gold, and a bill will be introduced to this effect, thus virtually accomplishing what the enemies of the people's money wish to accomplish, the making gold the meas ure of value and making it the only legal tender. These certificates will be legal tender for dues to the Govern ment, but not between individuals. The bill has been confidentially printed for the President. The certificates are to be redeemable in lawful monev at the tion of the holder or in bullion at option of the Government. The ratio of value of the silver bullion is to be determined in one of the following three ways: 1. Tho value of the bullion for any given month is to be fixed by the Sec retary of the Treasury upon the basis of the average value of all the sales of bullion for tne preceding month, ac cording to the New York quotations or the quotations in London, preferably those of New York. 2. The price at which bullion will be taken any given day is to be deter mined by the mean price of the sales of bullion the preceding day of the last preceding dav on which sales were made in the New York market. 3. The price of bullion for any given day may be fixed by the mean price of the preceding day, or the price for any given motth may be determined by the average price of the preceding month in London, less in each instance the Cost of transportation. opt: the Congressman Warner would prefer that the price should be fixed on the basis of the New York value, and is of opinion that the fluctuations in the price of bullion are so slight that the most practicable way would be to determine the value for a month at a time on the basis of the average value for the pre ceding month. The greatest difficulty has been to decide upon the legal-ten der provisions of the bullion oertifi' cates. The object has been to avoid all constitutional objections. There have been important changes made in the original plan as to the redemption of these gold bullion certificates, and a provision has been inserted whioh, it is claimed, would prevent the Govern ment from any loss in the redemption of the certificates in bullion, in the event that speculators should attempt to control the bullion or "rig" the mar ket. The bullion certificates are re deemable at all times, at the option of Up holder, ]^rf^ gopcy, .TJ^ey redeemable In "buluon only in the scretion of the Government. So the conspiracy up to the point of introducing the bill in Congress has been complete. If it succeeds, then the legal-tender monev of the countrr and greenbacks will be the only legal tender, and it will not le long before the same conspiracy will get the green backs out of the way. Let your Con gressman know that he will be held responsible for his vote upon this bill) and do not neglect it. Bebber Hereei. Stow historv does repeat itself, and the de capo shows that tho only differ' ence totween the brigandism and free* bootery of the middle age barbarism and that of the present is the mode, or ways and means of robbery. Never was robbery more deified and worship ed by the votaries of Odin and Mars than it now is by the worshipers of Mammon. The greatness of the savage is mea» nred by the number of scalps hanging to his belt. Alexander, Csar, Wallenstein and other middle age heroes were great in proportion to the murders they had committed and the number of cities they had sacked. The pirate princes were great in pro portion to their success in preying up on ocean merchantmen. The Republican party trotted out six millionaires the other day in New York as gubernatorial candidates whose chief Mid only qualification was the millions they had filched from honest labor through the tricks of trade and legislative favors. The successful candidate, Ira Daven port, was boomed into nomination by a flaming speech from Mr. Tanner, who, as the Sun says, "dwelt upon Mr. Dav enport's great wealth as his chief merit, which sent the stock of millionaire Congresnw— VAM| WV** If all ffee nmi'iluuw, robbers, and pirates of olden times had got together and legalized their modes of acquiring wealth and power it would not have made their crimes less criminal or wicked. Nor are the modes of modern rob bers less wicked and criminal, because the law protects them in filching vast fortunes from the producers and cov ering the earth with want, misery, and death. Nor is the world advanced in civil ization to any great degree when the fruits of robbery exalt the robber above his less ferocious and greedy brother.—Chicago Express. WHY, look here! It is because men have thought that there have been gods in the earth. No other endowment than this—the mechanism of mind to evolve a thought—has power to lift a man from animalhood into tho diviner atmosphere where the centuries crown him with godhood. Thought has al ways ruled the world CRESCO, IOWA, NOV. 5, 1885. die* no matter how evil thought may have been, it alwavs mastered no thought. It is by the vir tue of thought that the efforts of sixty thousand men are tributarv to the cof fers of Jay Gould to-day. "Base thought," you say. Yes, base and self ish thought, but thought, nevertheless, and as superior to no thought as the lower order of animal is superior to the rocks and dirt—as life is superior to no life.— Woman's World. THE freest government oannot long endure where the tendency of the laws is to create a rapid accumulation of property in the hands of the few, and render the masses of the people poor and dependent—Daniel Webster, IF the Government can issue legal tender money, is it not sheer folly to borrow What can it borrow but its owit creation? We are led to this reductio ad ahsurdum by the fallacy of a specie basis and intrinsic value in money.— Elian Lee. The Awfal Life of Bast Indian Widows. A Hindoo lady has sent a striking contribution to the Times of India. She takes enforced widowhood as her theme, and writes strongly and bitterly of what she describes as the brutalized human nature that could lose sight of the difference between a child widow of six and a matron widow of sixty, and provide for the iunocent mite that life of long misery wliich is the invariable lot of the Hindoo widow. She tells how directly after the husband's death the widow's hair is cut off and her or naments are taken away how she must thenceforth wear the coarsest clothes and eat the most unsavory food. Her presence is shunned, and sha becomes the leper of society, doomed to pass her life in seclusion. Sho is not allowed to mix freely with her people. If she un willingly intrudes on any ocoasion of festivity the company curse her pres ence and regard it as of evil omen. The menial work of the family becomes her lot as a matter of course. "Suppose," asks the Hindoo ladv, "it had been enacted that when a man lost his wife he should continue celibate, live on coarse fare, be tabooed in socie ty, wear mourning weeds for the re mainder of his life, and practice never ending austerities, would not my coun trymen have long since revolted against such inhuman treatment?" She goes on to givo a striking illus tration of tho venerable head of a Hin doo family sending out his creatures to hunt down a girl of ten to bless his remaining vears, and then, turniug to his widowed grand-daughter of fiiteen, and telling her that her widowhood is a punishment for the loss of her hus band, which can only be expiated by a life of austerity, devotion, and purity. —London Times. "THERE is satisfaction in knowing that if you ever get to heaven there won't be any lace curtains for yo i to spoil with your horrid old tobacco smoke," sputtered a Brooklyn wife whose husband would smoke, curtains or no curtains.—Brooklyn Times. PROFESSIONAL beauty on the Paoifio coast finds lucrative employment as a pretended illustration of the merits of a patent medioine. A wonderfully lovely young woman travels in the chariot of a vender of medicine, which, he declares, caused the perfec tion of her complexion. He sells i tonic, too, to which he attributes the abundance of her hair, and drugs tor the increase or reduction of flesh to ha* standard. OB Action of Dakota Democrat*. The Dakota Democratic Central committee has been In session at Mitchell and decided to take no action relative to the Sioux Fall con stitutional convention. They have ibsued an address ot which the fol lowing in the leading feature First—The entire proceedings are revolutionary and antagonistic to the best interests of the people of Dakota. Second—We deny the right of one part of the territory to ecparato it self from the other without the ex pressed consent of tho people of the whole. Third—The attempt to force a re cognition of a part of Dakota as a state, and appropriate the name of th* v hole for a part, is a proceeding urauthorized by law and a flagrant injustice to those of our citszeos who arc* deprived of the ^NvHcg^ of be ing heard for or again the measure. Fourth—The act passed by the lagt legislature authorising the con vention at Sioux Falls, and approp iating $20,000 to defray the expens es thereof was, in our judgment, unauthorized by the organic net of the territory, or by any law of con gress, and therefore void' Fifth— The fact that nine-tenths of the votes of the proposed state declined to join in tne election of delegates to said constitutional con vention, indicates that the people are not in sympathy with the con stitutional movement. Sixth—We believe that the inter ests of the people of Dakota will be best subserved by awating the prop er action of congress in passing our enabling act, authorizing the hold ing of a convention to frame a stat* o n s i u i o n e a i n as the territory 4 ooundingup- .~^ie not the politicans, snail determine. We believe this action will be taken by congress, boon to assemble. We therefore, as a committee decline to call a demo cratic covention for the proposed state, believing as we do that, the whole proceeding will prove to be a gigantic farce, ami recommend that the democrats of Dakota and all law abiding citizens generally decline to take any part whatever in the pro ceedings. The Firat Keen Twinge. As the season advances, the pains and aches by which rheumatism makes itself known, are experiences after every exposure. It is not claimed that Hood's Sarsaparilla, is a specific for rheumatism-we doubt if there is, or can be, such a remedy But the thousands benefited by Hood's Sarsapurilla, warrant us in urgiug others who suffer from rheu mutism to take it before the first keen twinge. "A rise in the value of money (Its purchasing power) and a fall in gen eral prices are the greatest evils which can befall the^world. In the whole history of the human race not a single instance can be pointed out of a full in the value of either of the metals (gold and silver) which has not proved a benefaction to mankind and on the other hand, during every period and whenever a rise in the value of metalic money has oecured it has been attended by financial, in dustrial, political, and social disas ter. An Increasing value cf money and falling prices have been and are more fruitful of human misery than war, pestilence, or famine. They have wrought more injustice than all the bad laws which were enact ed."—[United States Monetary Com mission. biteretate Commerce. The recent decision of the su preme court of the United States in the Michigan drummer case ha3 an important bearing upon the com mercial rights of the states. Al though the case arose under a dis criminative law, intended to dis couragejthe whiskey traffic,the points made by the supreme court apply with equal force to the sale of any other class of merchandise by any other means. The case upon which the decision was rendered is briefly stated as follows: "An agent for a liquor house iu Chicago was pro ceded against before a Michigan court because he had been pushing the business of his house in Mich igan without paying the tax of $300 imposed by the act of 1875. This tax is laid upon all persons who shall, so licit or take orders (sic) for the sale of spirtuous or intoxicating liquors to citizens or residents of Michigan, to be shipped to the state or fur nished at wholesale by non-resident parties, as the law reads. The of fending drummer, being arraigned before a local court, was fined ap pealing to the circuit court his penalty was confirmed by a jury, and taking the case up to the su preme court of Michigan the find ings of the lower courts were all sustained. The decisions rendered by the upper conrts in Michigan was uniformaly adverse to the defend ant, and the justices were unan imous. The United States supreme court, however, reverses the state decisions and finds for the defend ant, on the theory that the Michigan law is opposed to the provisions of the federal constitution, which re serve wholly to congress the power to regulate commerce between the states that it was also unconstitu tional because it operates in effect to impose duties upon imports, and becuuse it interferes with the priv ileges of th5 citizens of other states, secured under the clause of the con stitution which guarantees the citizens of each state all the privi leges and immunities of citlzenf of other states." Huuiorouu Haven't you always noticed Umt when passenger rates are cut down to nothing and a chromo thrown in. it ia always on some line which you never have occasion to travel over? Experience has satisfied an En glish botanist that plants have a faint intelligence. Possibly, there fore, we may yet oonie to compli ment a man by calling him a cab bage- head. "I see they are seiving refresh ment8 on roller-skates in some of the reatauranta," the husband said AS he laid down his paper. "Good gra cious!" exclaimed the wife, "have they no plates?" A little girl who had been very observant of her parents' mode of exhibiting their charity, being asked what generosity was, answered:—"It Is giving the poor all the old stufT you don7t want yourself." GEKTLEMAS.—MAh, Patrick? Warm this morning. Guess the young people won't get much skating to day. See how wet the ice is." PAT RICK.—"Never you fear sorr jist wait till the sun gets a little holgher and the oioe will soon dry olt" An exchange announces that the "Ladies' Foreign Missionary Society of the First Presbyterian Church will serve a missionary tea at the chapel." We had supposed that dining off missionaries was a thing of ttie past, but it wtems wa were misinformed. A Philadelphian went to a phy sician with what he had feared was a hopeless case of heart disease, but was relieved on finding out thut the creaking sound which he had heard at every deep breath, was caused by a little pully on his patent suspen ders. "Ah, my little man, good morning," pleasently remarked an old gentle man as he stoped and patted a Hewes street little boy on the head, "have you any brothers and sisters?" "Yes, sir got four, but I'm the only one that 'mounts to anything." re plied the urchin. Little boy (at the front the doctor in? uoor)—-is want tn ^ause if he is I -v, »ee him right away." Servant—"He's not in." "Well, just as soon as he gets home you tell him to come over to our house and take that baby off he left last week. It's in the way." An Irishman who was sleeping all night with a negro, had his face blackened by a practical joker. Starting off in a hurry in the morn ing, he caught sight of himself in a mirror puzzled, he stopped and gazed, and finally exclaimed: "Bo gorra they've woke the wrong man V "Do you know what bulldozing is?" asked a man of an old farmer, "I thought I did," said the granger "but the bull wasn't dozing he was only making believe, and being in the middle of a forty acre lot, I naturally had to make pretty quick timo to reach the fence ahead of him." The minister last Sunday morn ing had preached a very long, parched sermon on the creation of man, and one little girl in the con gregation was utterly worn out. After the service, she said to her mother: "Mamma, were we all made of dust?" "Certainly, my child." The Preacher too?" "Of course. Why do you think he was not made like the rest of us?" "Oh because he is so dry, mamma don't see how the Creator could make him stick together." DOUBLE TAXATION.—"Hello. Sam1 said a gentleman to an old negro riding along on a mule, where did you get the beast?" "I buyed 'im, in cou'se boss you didn't tink I stoled 'im, did yo'?"—"I wasn't sure What did you give for him?" I gib my note, sah, for fawty dollahs." —"Your note Sam,?" "In cou'se, sah"—"Why, you'll never pay it. Cou'se I won't, boss. Yo' don't reckon dat man specs Ise gwine to pay fo' dat mule an' pay fo' dat note besides, does yo'? No sah, hits ez much as die nigga ken do to pay fo' de mule." Care of Horses' Feet. Horses in civilized lands suffer more from ailments of the feet than from any other cause. The feet of a horse are subject to many injuries, both from bad shoeing and from ill kept roads, and it is important for owners of horses, to study well how these causes of diseased feet can be avoided. But in the consideration of this question there are some points not well understood. The London Stock-keeper" gives a statement that a horse weighing sixteen hundred pounds, when drawing a load, bears a weight upon the feet of two tons, the extra press ure being caused by the downward force of the act of drawing. Now, an average horse's draft-power amounts only to a forward strain of one hun dred and fifty-seven pounds. As the horse is only exerting this for ward force by pressure upon the collar, it is clear, the fact cannot press with any more force upon the ground, so that the above explana tion of the cause of injury to the horse's foot, is imaginury. It is not the force exerted by work at al!. A wild horse, galloping at the top of his speed, presses upon the ground with his feet more than a horse moving a ton in a wagon upon a road at the rate of two miles an hour and yet wild horses have ex cellent feet and are never lame. But they have a choice of a smooth path, aud have no blacksmiths to cut away the frogs of their feet, and and so deprive them of the very means nature provides for tho pro tection of the foot. If the roads were kept in good condition and free from loose stones, and the frog of the foot were never pared, horses would rarely suffer from foot-lame ness. Frog-pressure expands the heels, toughens the horns, cure* corns, and does much toward giving a horse sound feet.—[American Ag riculturist. How a Horse Feeds. Something may be learned by his fed may observing how a horse picks up feed, either in grazing or when in stable. One will have a very good idea of the sensitiveness of the up per lip, and how cleverly the horse gathers the choice herbage or hay, and rejects the waste. This mobile, prehensible lip is constantly in mo tion, and by its sense feeling, sepa rates the selected food from that which is rejected. The horse can not see the herbage exactly under the mouth, but tho lip pushes away the undesirable food, and gathers with the greatest precision, that wbioh is wleoted from the reft* lit WHOLE NUMBER 1357. a weedy pasture, this Instinct o! tho Hp is brought into action in a most peculiar and interesting manner, and exhibits in a striking degree, the ex quisite sensitiveness of the delicate nerves of this organ. One who has seen this action of the lip, and real izes the great sensitiveness of it, will never permit himself to practice the excessive cruelty of putting a twitch about a horse's upper lip for any purpose, for the torture of it must be very great indeed.—[Ameri can Agriculturist Take Care of Your Animals Live stock are to be our especial watch and care for the coming four months at least. We need to win ter them as economically as possi ble, yet have them all the time gain ing. No animal is profitable at a standstill. Stook wintered on the warmest side of a corn-stack, and coming out spring-poor, are in no condition to make good ret urns dur ing the summer. At this season, look especially to the comfortablef ness of their quarters, that they may be easily cleaned, warm, and well aired when needed. Alterations that will faciliate foddering, littering, and clearing out, should be plunned and carried out at once. Tight board walls, or any others, are a much cheaper source of warmth than much feeding, so far as neat! cattle, horses iu use, pigs, and pn»* try are concerned. Horse# *-l" with comfortable *, **n° rain. ftnH oaelter, out of the .»eil roofed, will bear any uegree of cold they are likely to be subject to, if they have enough to eat, and the question of economy depends on the price of hay and corn, and of hemlock boards. Food consumed merely to maintain animal heat, deducting the value of the resulting measure, is a dead loss. Beeves, sheep and pigs gain very rapidly if well fed this month. The bracing air sharpens appetites, and the variety of rich feed is greater now than at any other time of the year. They should be crowded, but not over-fed.—[Mason C. Weld. Silver Discussion. Believing that there is wisdom to a multitude of counselors, and furthermore, believing that the best and most practical statesmanship is more frequently found among the humbler toiler* of the land than among the doctrinaires, the Globe has sought an expression of opinion from all classes of people of tho Northwest in regard to the subject which will be of great importance than any question likely to arise in the next congress. We refer to tha silver question. We are in receipt of replies from representatives of all branches of industry, and the unanimous verdict is opposed to the suspension of silver coinage. The bulk of them prefer that the weight of the silver dollar shall remain un changed, and a few of them favor unlimited coinage, making it com pulsory upon the government to coin the entire output of silver for each year. As an illustration of how this subject is regarded by the mass of the people, we have care fully selected and herewith publish extracts from arguments of corres pondents who represent the various industries of this section of the country. One correspondent, who represents the sentiment of the farmers of the northern part of Iowa says: "The most effectual method of en hancing the bullion value of the silver dollar of 241 i grains is in providing for its unlimited coinage upon precisely the same terms as apply to gold. It is this, and not the quantity of the metal used in the dollar, that establishes its bul lion value. The present law limits the silver coinage, in the discretion of the secretary of the treasury, from the minimum of $2,000,000 per month to $4,000,000. In its exercise the coinage of silver has averaged about $28,000,000 per year. The output of the silver mines has been about $48,000.00 per year, and this surplus has been Put upon the market, the price it brin gs as a commodity reg ulating and controling the entire product of the mines. Had its coin age been unlimited them we should have had nearly forty-eight mil lions of dollars coined per year instead of the amount that has been, and as the bullion for each dollar would have exchanged at the mint for a coined dollar, it would have been worth that sum. This free coinage of silver, whereby the bul lion could be exchanged for coin at the mints, would also relieve the treasury vaults of the coin stored there, putting the money where it would stimulate the business and industries of the country. It is the credit given them by law which causes gold, silver and treasury notes to pass at par. Restrict the coiuage of gold to half tho aunuul product and the surplus which the producer would seek to exchange for something that would be a legal tender for the satisfaction of con tracts and the payment of debts, would become a commodity, and its bu'Hon value be less than its legal va e. history and human experience alike teach mankind the important truth, that in every country into which money begins to flow in great er abundance than formerly, every thing takes on new life labor ami industry gain new life the merchant becomes more enterprising the manufacturer more diligeut and skillful, and the farmer follows the plew with greater attention and alacrity. Good policy consists in keeping the volume of money if possible ulways increasing with the population and busiuess by that meuns the spirit of industry among all the people is kept alive, and the stock of the labor increased wherein is all wealth production. To in crease the weight of the bullion in the dollar Is to make it profitable to export for coinuge, which would be as detrimental to the interests of this country as the present policy of hoarding it in the treasury." And the correspondent writing from Benson in this state thinks it would be just as sensible to speak of putting $1,17 worth of gold in a dollar as 83 cents worth of silver. Bit notion U that it either metal it PLAIN DEAi.KIt EVERYTHING is THE LiNj£ Of SOB WORK, BiU-Hetds, Cards, Posters, Circulars, no, sra, BTOI IAIMM1M v vunsta, marim nra rn&umsB. '•ITK VI A TBZAL BirORE OBDE&IM KLSEWHERE. "W to be discriminated against it should be gold, as silver is the more appro priate and better standard of the two. According to the argument of our Benson correspondent silver would be the preferred standard if "the government was not to run in its interest ci those who hnV# money instead of th who are try* ing to get it." He fur, '"Tinore sayiS' I am one that is wiliiLr i I, !icv* that the yield of wheat would not decrease over four bushels tho acre in Minnesota even if the "~Ui In the country should decrease n* siderably yet, and if it should aim. fc disappear, as it did during our ia. i war, I still think the yield of pota toes would be fully 50 per cent, of the present average, and that we could send our silver to China and buy all the tea we want." A correspondent writing from Alexandria favors- the continued' coinage of silver, because '-all out bonded debt was by the law of March 18, I860, made payable ia coin of the then st*ndard weight and fineness, and if wo discontinue tho use of either coin that will appreci ate the value of the other at kast double, because we will then have only hair as much coin with whi to pay the debt." He is also of opinion that the creditors of tho government ought not to complain if they are jaid cau*e in'silver coin, be- their bonds were originally payable In paper currency, and when the law was changed in 18(J9t at their request, it stipulated pay ment in gold and silver, and they accepted the stipulation. Having already reallized an appreciation of 50 per cent, on their bonds because of the change whereby thoy wero made payable in coin instead of greenbacks, our Alexandria corres pondent think the bondholders ought to be satisfied without at tempting to add another 100 per cent appreciation to their value by robbing the people of their favorite money. His objection to a change in the weight of the present silver dollar is that it changes the stipu lations of the contract embodied in the law of 1869, and would thus givo the bondholders an opportunity to demand payment of their bonds in gold alone. He holds that there ia just as much moral honesty in com pelling the bondholders to accept our eighty-five cent dollar, of tho weight they agreed to accept, as it is to compel the day laborer to receive 7 cents less intrinsic value for a dollar than the bondholder i.9 entitled to. By the law of 1853 tho halves, quarters and dimes wero made 7 per cent, light, and by the law of 1879 they wero made legal tender for all indebtedness less than $10. Our correspondent lays down the following propositions: "First—That all money, of what ever made, is made and unmade by laws. Second—That money, of whatever made, is always national, never cosmopolitan, and never so niucli as international, unless by agree ment between nations. Third—That the money of one nation is not the money of another nation, though composed of tho same material. Fourth—That nations do not pay debts to other nations in money, but do pay in commodities. If coin be paid, it is not received as coin, but as metal, by weight and not by count. The history of the world upon money proves the truth of these propositions." A Bis mark correspondent sayss "The truth is. Dakota likes the silver dollars and wants all it can get." A Wisconsin farmer says: "To destroy the silver in order that obligations may be made payable in gold and thus increased in value is the bold est speculation ever attempted by the stock exchanges against proper ty and labor." A Minneapolis work ingman says "If our congressmen want to know what the people think of the silver dollar let them come to this oity, or to St. Paul, where hundreds of new buildings are no\? rising out of the ground and ask the bricklayers, the carpenters, the hod carriers and the plumbers whether they like the silver dol'ar. They are the people and know what the peo ple want." A Dulutlx merchant savs "The war against silver is a *sin against providence. The noblest characters of Christendom have rais ed their voices iu reprobation of this crime against nature and the com mon weal." A manufacturer of Stillwater says "In giving an explanation of hard times you can set it down that the causa causans, the cause behind and generating all others, is the modern endeavor to destroy the monetary value of halt the specie in the world." Thusti is the people are giving ex pression to their views on a subject of vital interest to them. And, although in some instances this may be crude und clothed in homely lan guage, still they are entitled to weight becuuse they come from those who are directly interested in a determination of the question. On a subject of this kind, the opin ion of an honest truckman is worth more than half of the editorial essays which appear in the gold organs of the East.—[St Paul Daily Globe, Saturday morning, October 17. IT is related l»y tho Philadelphia Press that when John McCullongh was visited at the asylum by his wife, re cently, he altogether failed to recog nize her. Some friends who wore with him told him gently who she was. But an instant afterward, his thin hand rest ing upon hers, ho asked, with a smile and a manner that recalled with un speakable pathos the genial and gracious address that in other days won him hearts everywhere: "My dear madam, ah—ah—I—I hope your hus band is well." "Husband," his wife echoed, her eyes tilliug with tears, "Husband 11 never had a husband but you, John," "I your—your husband he cried. "Yes, dear. Do you not know me now I am your wife." "My —my wife?" he went on, with a low laugh. "My wife? Some mistake* surely. I—I—never had—had His strength gave way and he lav back fe fcia Mr, faint and trembling.