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The Iowa plain dealer. [volume] (New Oregon, Howard County, Iowa) 1867-1895, January 12, 1888, Image 1

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DBALBa
X* PUBLISHED THURSDAYS* A*
CRESCO.
COUlfTT SEAT OF HO
WAID C0U5TY.
*T
F.
W. R. &
J. MEAD,
Publisher* and Proprietors,
Plata Dealer Handing, goaft af
Court Home.
TEIIS 8F SUB3C1IP7BI:
CMS «Wi on* year, strictly in iboe, tl.O®,
TniRTT MILLION people crossed the
Brooklyn (N. Y bridge during 1887
Mil not an accident happened.
IISHOP WHITTLE says that long
tt the Indian has an alms-house to go
to, so long will he be a pauper.'*
GRACE GREENWOOD (Mrs. Lippin
cott) will spend the winter on Lookout
Afeuntain, near Chattanooga, Tcnn.
DR. CATLING'S new police gun, a
seventy-eight pounder, is warranted to
kill a thousand rioters in five minutes.
ACCORDING to Treasury reports
there are 162,000,000 silver dollars in
circulation—three apiece for every
body. ________
WILLIAM AIKEN, of Columbia, S. C.,
"has married Widow Watson. He is
one hundred and three and she js
tldrty
-three.
LORD CHIEF-JUSTICE COLERIM*, OF
England, swallowed a lozenge, and
came near choking to death while on
tiw bench the other day.
IT is stated that the large English
estate of the Earl of Buckinghamshire,
consisting of live thousand acres, has
been bought by Mr. Vanderbilt.
JAMES
PATTERSON, who died tt?-
cently at Oakland, Cal., was the man
who gave President Garfield his lirst
employment as driver on the caual.
WALT WHITMAN
S health is said to
be better than since lie was struck
with paralysis iifteen years ago. He
is a mellow old bachelor of seventy
fun. ___
SENATOR LELAND STANFORD pre
sented each Senate page with a live
dollar bill as a Christmas present, and
the boys are read}* to support the Cali
fornia Senator for any office.
TIIE big trees of California have
several rivals on the west coast of
Australia. The tallest of the California
tree is 825 feet, but a tree in Australia
measures 500 feet to the top.
Mk. GEOIUJE W. CHILIM, of Phila
^Wplu w gave about *10,000 in Christ
mas presents to his employes in sums
ranging from $10 to $1,000. In addi
tion he gave presents to many friends
and dependents.
Tnis remark upon .Jenuy Lind ap
pears in an English paper: "If ever an
•ttgel leaning over the crystal battle
ments happened to let a voice siip out
of her possession it fell upon the cradle
tif Jenny Lind."
BAMUEL H'EM KR,
who has jt«t%een
made president of the Baltimore &
Ohio railroad at a salary of £25.000 a
year, WHS a rod man earning a scant
salary only a few years ago. He is
not jet forty years old.
THIS is leap year, but timid bache
lors need not jump at the conclusion
that susceptible maidens are going to
fall over each other in a mad race to
take advantage of leap year's privi
lege. None but the brave deserve the
fair, and none but the brave usually
win the fair. Cut this out and paste it
in your hat, young man.
FEW men can bear lightly the bur
4»n of ninety-nine years. Colonel
George Leonard Perkins (aged ninety
nine), treasurer of the Norwich &
Worcester railroad, and whose home
is in the quaint old city of Norwich,
Conn., is perhaps the oldest gentle
man regularly attending to business
in the United States.
THE great timber raft which broke
lMse recently while being towed from
Nova Scotia to New York is no longer
a menace to navigation. Its shattered
remnants were found nearly three hun
dred miles out at sea, the pieces being
strewn over a stretch of water about
six hundred square miles in extent.
The loss of the raft means the loss of
several hundred thousand dollars in
cash.
THE Inter-State Commerce Com
mission has decided that railroads
which act as express companies are
subject to the operations of the Inter
State Commerce act and that inde
pendent express companies which em
ploy the service of trains, nir-ssengers,
coaches, steamboats, ami do not
operate wholly by railroad, are not
distinctly within tho provision of the
law. The matter is left to tho action
of Congress.
IT is noteworthy that immigration
from Great Britain during the year
1887 was considerably larger than that
of the previous year. Then it was 120,
000 now it is 171,000. England and
Wales semi 75),000 of the number, to
Ireland's 71,000 and Scotland's 20,000.
In fact. Great Britain leads every
other country in the number of people
who have left the Old World to make
homes in America. The cause of this
is largelj' due to the increased volume
of want in all parts of the empire,
and the people must leave home or
starve.
AT a toboggan slide in New Haven,
Conn., the toboggans and their occu
pants, after their wild ride down, arc
slowly hauled to the top again by means
of a belt or chain run by water power.
This takes oft' the keen edge of the en
joyment and dissipates a large percent
age of the romance. If the slide is
worth having it is worth climbing for.
The cherries at the top of the tree don't
taste half as good if they can be gath
ered by reaching out of a second-story
window as if secured by clambering to
the topmost branch at the imminent
risk of life and limb.
CAPTAIN ISAAC BASSETT, the vsn
erable door-keeper of the Senate, cele
brated recently the lifty-sixth anni
versary of hisollieial service. Captain
Bassett has for many years been a con
spicuous iigurc in the Senate, his long,
white beard and locks of snow giving
him a striking resemblance to the
pictures of Father Time, lie was origi
nally appointed through the influence
of Daniel Webster as a page in tho
Senate, being then only twelve years
of age, and has since been continuous
ly about the chamber, performing his
duties with great faithfulness,
VOL. XXIX.-NO. 15.
THE NEWS.
Compiled From Late Dispatches.
FIFTIETH CONGRESS.
^TEDNESDAY, J:M. 4.—Congress reassem
bled to-tlav. In the Senate petition* were
prenentd jiirainst any change in the
fishery treaties, fuvorin the tariff on
lumber. Government control of tele
graph lines, the restriction of immi
gration, opposing the abolition of the
whisky ana tobacco tax, and favoring the
pipcing of sa-t, Inmber, suijar, etc on the
free lis:, h'.ho a resolution to repeal the in
ternal revenue laws. Tho appointment of
Benton J. Hull, of Iowa, to lie Commission
er of Patents, and the reappointment of the
present Inter-State Commerce Commission
ers were received from the President In
the HOUKC bills were introduced to pro
hibit Chinese Immigration to abolish the
duty on taiirar to mcr.-ase tho circulation
of silvtr to abolish all rank dintinrtions in
pensions to creato a postal telegraph of
the Un ted States to reduce letter postage
to one cent an ounce to establish a home
for dependent mothers, widows and
daughters of the volunteer soldiers and
sailors of the army and navy to prohibit
tho purchase of goods manufactured by
convict labor, and tor a constitutional
amendment granting women the right of
suffrage.
THURSDAY, Jan. ft. —In Ihe Senate bills
were introduced to provide for a world's
exposition at tho National capital in
to establish a postal telegraph sys
tem for the formation and p.dmission into
the Union as a State of Dakota, and to
equalize bounties. Petitions were presented
favoriny a National prohibition amendment
and agsiinst the admission of Utah as a
State while it remains under Mormon con
trol. Adjourned to the tKh. Iu the House
the ll&t of committees was .*!nnouncel.
Bill? were introduced for the pieservation
of woods an forests of th:? National domain
adjacent to the sources of navigable rivers,
and authorizing National banks to take liens
on real estate for loans of money.
Adjourned to the Oth.
FROM WASHINGTON.
THE public debt Mtati'in mt for December
is as follows. Total debt (including inter
est) jpi,!«tl,:H}0,705 lean cash it-mis avail
able for reduction of debt and reserve bills
for redemption of United States notes
OSH.V.»lS».-rJI). *1.141,281 cash in
treasury, debt, less r.inouut in
treasury, $sl.ii2r, $ N,402. Decrease during
December, $14,."is-!,«»."»(. Decrease since
Juno :r, 1ns7,
Dt nixo I mcember the coinage of the mints
was $.",7»''_ ,ti7."i, of which .$2,785/200 were
standard silver dollars.
ON the I)d t'ue visible supply of wheat in
the country was 44,421,130 bushels i.n in
crease of 17I5.45H) Lushels. The corn sup
ply was 5,025,238 Lushels an increase of
2(55. S51 bushels.
VETEKAXS of the war of 1812 now number
l,0tl!, while widows of veterans survive to
the number of ll.Httl.
S-'EXATOR SHERMAN, Ohio, in a rep'y to
the President's tariff-reduction metwage
In the United States Senate on the 4th
urged that the President had intentionally
ignored other methods of reducing the
Treasury surplus for the purpose of advo
cating such a reduction of customs taxa
tion as would etrike a severe blow at Amer
ican industry. Senator Voorheea spoke in
defense of the President's tariff views.
Tin: lire losses in December were $10,
ISOS,OOO, against 11,200,(MX) for the same
month n 1SN». The total lire waste for
1887
W..S $129,2(i4,0(M, about $ 1:1,000,
000 greater thun in lHSti
THE Washing on reporter who some time
ago sent a sh*un infernal machine to Chief
Justice Waitc so that he could write np the
s.orv and sell it to the newspapers, was on
the 5th fined $100 for attempting to obtain
money by false pretenses.
THE dinner given by the President to the
Cabinet on the evening of the aih w«s tho
first state dinner of the season.
CIIAULKS J. I'ANDA resigned his position as
Assistant Treasurer of the United States on
the 5ih.
THE House Committee on Elections heard
the testimony on the (ith in the contest
over Speaker Carlisle's seat It was claimed
that the returns were boldly manipulated
so as to defeat Thoe.be and elect Carlisle,
that the attorney originally employed bv
Thoebe to contest the election was induced
by friends of Carlisle to neglect the matter,
that the returns of six counties were with
held for five days, and that Mr. Carlisle
had publicly confessed that he was defeated.
THERE were 25! business failures in the
Unitea Siates during the seven days ended
on the 0
th, against 230 the previous seven
day*
THE EAST.
RTTTT
TIOHT collieries nre controlled by
the Reading Company in tho Schuylkill
l'a) region, and sixiy-two of these were
deserted on the ll.l, the twenty-live thou
sand miners go. on a strike. Nearly thir
ty thousand men liave already been on a
strike in the Lehigh region tor over three
months. General Muster-Workman I'ow
deriy advised that no s rike take place, and
telegraphed to lU-adnj that ho considered
it inadvis ible.
EX-MAYOB CRAMER, of Hackettstown, N.
J., who recency fled after defrauding sev
eral bus ness men, was betrothed to no less
than Iifteen w omen, every one of whom he
swindled out of money.
THE Lf»»is! !lure of New York convened at
Albany on the 3d. Fremont Cole was
elected Speaker of the House and Henry It
Low President of the Senate.
IN a drunken row between thirty Poles at
Wilkeslmrre, Pa, on th. 3d three men were
fataliy injured and all were more or loss
seriously wounded.
A K?'UTi: itANK(\N Pre was raging on n farm
near Zoilarsviiie, Pa, on the 4ih. Parties
making an investigation to discover ihe
caus-.? iotnid tho ground so hot that they
were obliged to abandon the work.
AM. the mines of the Reading (Pa) Com
pany were stopped on the 1th, and twenty
thousand miners were idie. Some placed
the number of idle men as high as iifty
tl ousuid in the Schuylkill basin alone,
which with twenty thousand in the Lehigh,
make the strike a great one.
THE next Republican State convention in
Pennsylvania will be held at Harrisburg,
April 25.
ON the new railroad near Laurel Run, l'a,
a premature blast on the 5ih killed four
Italians and badly injured seven others.
WIM.IAM 15. 1!AKER, aged sixty years, in
ventor of the Grovcr A Baker sewing ma
chine, died at his residence In Boston on
the 5.h.
THE I-ixth annual meeting of the United
Stat* s Law aud Older League will beheld
at Philadelphia February 21 and 22.
A FIRK on tht! 5th destroyed the naviga
tion building at the Brooklyn Navy Yard,
entailing a loss of #200,000. Many valua
ble maps, plans and designs were burned.
ON the 5th Oliver Ames was inaugurated
as Governor of Massachuset &
ON the !th Dun & Co.'s agency anuounced
a fair business for the season at ail points
reporting, but euidthe outlook was clouded
owing to the labor troubles.
IN Buffalo, N. Y., Arnold O. Harris, aged
iifty-two years, a noted Union spy aud vet
cran In the latu war, dropped dead on Ihe
6th.
WEST AND SOUTH.
SENATOR
PALMER, of Michigan, has given
$10,000 for tho erection of a building at
Detroit, to bo used by the O. A. 11. of the
State.
AT Sioux City, la., on the 4tli the Haddock
murder indictments against all the defend
ants, except the three who have never been
arrested, wero dismissed.
A FIUE destroyed tho business portion of
Beaufort, N. C., on the 4th.
PrniNu tho abscnoe on the 5th ^f Mrs.
Isaac Parnoll frotii her home in Jackson
ville, Fl:!., tho house took ilre, and her
thren children, who were locked in t':e
building, p.roiiiol iu tho ilatuca
1 ON the DM James Smith, bin wlfa and
four children, tho eldest a sixteen-year-old
dangh'cr. were arrested at St. Joseph, Mo.,
for counterfeiting.
AT Dubuque. la, on the 5th Judge Shlras
decided that the patent of Washburn A
Moen, wire manufacturer*!, was invalid.
THE annual report on the 5th of State
Mine Inspector MtQuade places the output
of Indiana's coal mines in 1887 at 3,217,
711 tons, an increase over 1886 of 217,711
tons
A YOUNC» farmer named Tom Butterfield,
who was married a few days ago, was
lodged in jail pn the 5th at Nebraska
City, Neb., charged with the murder of liis
fatl er and mother by poisoning thjm.
AFTER a thorough investigation, the
Wichita Board of Trade declared on the 5th
that not one death occurred from cold or
starvation in Southwestern Kansas during
the recent cold weather.
IN Akron, O., live hundred schoolchildren
were siek with meaRles on the 5th, which
hnd become epidemic, and business there
was almost entirely suspended on account
of the disease.
THE death of Mm Letia Bovee occurred
on the 5th at her r«s:dencein Sugar Loaf
Valley, Minn., at the age of ninety-nine
yeara The dead wom-n did not marry till
s le was eighty-four years old. In her
younger days President Buchanan was a
suitor for her hand, but she refused him, and
it is now said that this caused him to live a
bachelor's life.
MRS. LAURA ROBERTS, aged eighty years,
living at Lin.a, O., slipped on a banana
peeling on the sidewalk on the 0th, and in
falling broke her ncc'i.
AT Louisa Court-House, Va, a fire on the
C.th destroyed twenty houses and several
business blocks.
DR. REILLY, of Detroit, treasurer, during
the six months ended on the !th received
from various Irinh National League branch
es throughout the country and other sources
an aggregate of .* 121,1-18 for the benefit of
the league in Ireh n l.
ON the 5th a typhoid fever epidemic was
raging in the penitentiary at Jackson,
Mich., with thirty-seven cases.
THE house of "Aunt Kitty'' Pendergast,
over ninety years of age, was destroyed by
fire on the (5th in Dubuque, la, and she
perished in the tlames.
AT Oakland, Cai., Nathan B. Sutton w
hangc I on the (ith for the murder of Alex
ander Martine, a ranchman, in September,
1880
A FIRE destioyed the Union railway depot
at Atchison, Kan., on the 6th. fitn, $125,
000 insurance, $50,000.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
ADVICES of the 3J from London say that
during a storm at sea a panic arose among
the passengers of the steamer Bellons, a
rush WUH made for the boats, one was low
ered and forty-seven people crowded into
it, causing it to capsize, drowning every one
of the n.
A COLLISION of express trains on the 4th
on the Dutch State railroad, near Meppel,
killed twenty-six persons and injured
many others.
ON the 4th the American bark Eureka
was wrecked at the entrance of Waterford
(Ireland) harbor, and her crew of twenty
five persons were drowned.
THE Nihilist Tschrrnoff and seven other
prisoners charged with an attempt on the
Czar'B life were condemned to death at St
Petersburg on the 1th.
IN Seville, Spaiu, disastrous floods were
reported on the 4th. Six lives had been
lost and many persons had been injured.
The damage by the Hoods in Malaga was
estimated at $2M),(MH).
A FIOHT between citizens and robbers on
the 4 near SHU Angela, Mex., resulted in
the kill ng of three men and the capture of
one robber.
TWELVE men wero drowned by the
foundering of the English steamer Maude
on tho 5th in the Black sea.
ADVICES ot" the 5th say this has been one
of the severest winters on record in Austria,
and cases of death from the effects of ex
posure were reported daily
ADVICES of the th say that sixty Monte
negrin brigands, headed by a Russian named
Nabokoff, had been dispersed by treudarmes
near Sotia with a loas of ten kiiled. One gen
darme was killed
THE printers' strike at Quebec, Can., had
on the 0th resulted in the suspension of
four newspapers.
ON the Caii.-.dian Pacific railroad two
trains on u trestle ninety feet high collided
on the 5th, and both were thrown off and
dashed to piec s. Both engineers, both lire
men and two braUemen were killed and
several trainmen were injured.
DISPATCHES of the (5th from Valparaiso,
Chili, say cholera has increased at that port
to an alarming extent, the number of cases
daily reaching one hundred and thirty, ot
which eighty to ninety prove fatal.
BEKNAL, the Mexican bandit, was killed
in a bloody light with Government troops
near Cosala, in Sinaloa, on the (5th.
IN Sinalon, Mex., bandits robbed an old
woman of .fl.OOO money on the 6th and
tten killed inc.
LATER.
Rt«M*TjrK will open
,o
n ltag at
B.rlin, tiermaiiy, on the 14th.
Hiot Cirv, la., is to bav i a new Union
railwuy depot .o cost tltX),()(K).
THE Boston, Mass., Homo C!u' will give
Senator S. erinan a reception Jan. 26.
Two car loads of horses were burned in a
collision near Albany, Ua., oil the 7th.
W AUASIIA, Minn., invested $114,400 in
building improvements in 18?7.
Um viNotsi oal of superior qualitv has
been discovered at Sau Antonio, Texas,
and will be immediately developed.
THE snow fa 1 on the upper Michigan pen
insula is unprecedented, paralyzing nearly
everything.
Tin: Farmer's Institute nt Montieello,
Minn., on tho Cith a 7th, was a great suc
cess, many prominent people attending.
Two en at East Bend, Kv., at work
pressing hay, got into a quarrel and one be»
Leaded the other with a coin knife.
Tun Christian & Co., and Northern Pa
cific elevators with S,o00 bushels of grain,
burned at New Bedford, Dak., on the 7th.
SATI-RKAY was generally observed by
the Democrats as Jackson's day, with cele
brations of tho anniversary oi the battle ot
New Or.eans.
Tin: receipts of a two weeks engagement
that ctosed on the 7th, at New York City,
by Edwin Booth and Lawrence Barrett
were $."0,000.
FIFTY thousand dollars worth of property
was destroyed on the Tth, at Waterloo,
Iowa, including a furniture factory and
soap factory, iusurauce #13,000.
AT Sioux Falls, Dak., Thoa. Marty, a
banis'.ed Sioux City, la., saloon keeper,
shot and kilied his wife at Mme. Doyle's
assignation house, aud afterwards took his
own life, on the Ith.
ON the Uth, the President nominated Gen.
Bragg of Wis., Minister to Mexico, and
S. M. .k tocklager of lud Commissioner of
the (ieiu-ral Land Office as the successor of
Mr. Sparks.
NYA K, N. Y., was so enveloped with ice
on the Tth, that those who wont about the
glassy btreets wore obliged tj use skates,
walkiug being dangerous and about imjiog
sible.
AT Pittsburg, Pa., Miss Annie Burcher,
with a liehtod lamp went into the ce lar of
of her father's house Saturday and a
natural gas explosion fodowed, wrecking
the dwelling and fatally burning Miss
Burcher.
(SECRETARY Lamar, without waiting to
be continued to the Supreme Court Judge
ship for which he is noiuinuted a* resigned
from the Interior department, to that there
may be no embarassnient in the transaction
of tne public business. President Cleveland
accepted the resiguution.
AHOI six o'clock Sunday morning a
freight on tho Duluth K. 11., ran into a
*»leei»er attached to a (raiu taking water »t
Hawthorne and Thos. Anuerson, the
colored porter of the sleeper was scalded to
death. The coroner's jury censured the
freight engineer.
H'iKIT thermometers at Belgrade, Mont.,
on th* Tth showed 52 degre e below zero, the
co dest sinee 1HW» stock sutiered intensely.
A man aud a woman were fr-izen to deuth
near Helena, where the thermometer regis
tered 32 degroes taiewt at I in, aod 41 be
low at night.
HIM! Important Clinoinnn^lilpK.
WASHINGTON*, Jan. 0 In the House ye*
terd iy th 8p.'axer anno mc the stand
ing committees of the House, aft -r which
adjournment was iken for the day. Fol
lowing are the committees:
Ways ur.it M-ans—Mills, of Texas, Chairman
McMillan, Tennessee Ilrec'conr dre, Arkan
Dre'.-kcnrii'ge, Kentucky: Turner, Georgia
W lson. West Virginia Scott, Pennsylvan a
Bynoni, Indiana Kelley, Pennsylvania
llri'irr/-, Ind ana R'«i, Maine McK-nlcy.
Ohio: Burrows. Michijr'n.
Appropriations—Randall, of Pennsylvania.
Chairman Forney, Alabama: Hurries, Mis
souri: Foran, Ohio Sayers, Texas Clements,
Georgia: Felix Campbell, New Yorls: Gay,
u.siana Rice, Mir.n- sota Cannon. Illinois:
Kyan, Kansas IJutterworth, Ohio Long.
Massachusetts McComas, Maryland D. B.
Henderson. Iowa.
Judiciary—Culberson, of Texss, Chairman
Collins, Massachusetts Seaey, Ohio Oates,
Abtb.ima Rodgers, Arkansas: Glover, Mis
souri Henderson, North Carolina: Buckalew,
Pennsylvania Stewart, Georgia E. B. Taylor,
Ohio Parker, New York Stewart, Virginia:
Cassell, Wisconsin Adams, Illinois Fuller,
Iowa.
Banking and Currency—Wilklns, of Ohio.
Chairman SnyUcr, West Virginia: Hownril,
Ind.ana IJorgun, South C'roiltja Ilutton,
Missouri Bacon, New Yorl Landes, Illir.o.e
McKenncy, New Hampshire I)n '!ej', Maine
Brumm, Pennsylvania Woodt/urn, Nevada
Whitmg, Massachusetts Wdber, New York.
Coinage, Wt iirh's ai.d Measures—Norwood,
of Georgia, Chairman Hemphill, South Caro
lina Traccy, New York Wdson, Minnesota
Wilkinson, Louisiana Martin, Texas Hall,
Texas Hail, Pennsylvania Pay
son. Illinois
K'ar, New Vo k Vandeviir, California Bel
den, New York Wickham, Ohio Toolo, Mon
tana Territory.
Coinint rcc—Clardy, of Missouri, Chairman
Crisp, Georgia Tarsney. Michigan Rayner,
Maryland A. R. Anderson, Iowa Logan,
uisiana Wilson, Minnesota Erve, New
York Phelan, Tennessee O'Neill, Pennsyl
vania Dunham, Illinois Davis, Massachusetts:
J. A. Andci'soc, Kansas Davenport, New
York Browne, Virginia.
Rivers and Harbors—B'.anchard, of Lou's
ana, Chairman Jones, Alabama Stewart, Tex
as Catching*, Mississippi W.se, Virginia
Snyder, West Virgiiva Gibson, Mary and
F.sher, Michigan Thompson, California: Hen
derson, Illinois Buyne, Pennsylvania
Grcsvenor, Oh o Nutt'ng, NewYork Stephen
•on, Wisconsin igswell, Massachusetts.
Merchant Marino aud Fisheries—Dunn, of
Arkansas. Chairman McM.llan, Tennessee
Morse, Massaehusott* Springer, Illinois:
Ila'ch, Missouri Breeke:irid?e, KentucV
Cumminss, N'W York MacDjnald, Minnesota
Din^fey, Maine Hopkins, Illinois Felt on,
California Furquha.% New York Clarke,
W sconsin.
i griculture—Hatch, of Missouri, Chairman
D.VMSM, Alabama Stahlnerker, Montana
Terr.tory: Morgan, Mississippi Glass, Ten
nesses Burnett, Massachusetts McCiammy,
North Carolina Hngsrs, California Whiting,
chigan Funston, Kansas Hires, New Jer
sey Laird, N el-raska Conger, Iowa Pujjsley,
Ohio Pattop. Pennsylvania Dubois, Idaho.
Foreign AiTairs Perry Belmont, of New
York, Chairman McCreary, Kentucky: Nor
wood, Georgia C. E. Iljaker, Mississippi
Russell, Massachusetts Ilayaor, Maryland:
C.-.ipman, Michigan Cathran. South Carolina
IC-tchain, New York Pnelps, New Jersey
Iiitt, Illinois. Rockwell, Massachusetts Mor
row, California.
Mil tary AiTairs —Towushend. of Illinois,
Chairman Tillman, South Carolina Hook-r.
Mississippi Maish, Pennsylvania: Spinol.i,
New York I-'ord, Michigan Robertson,
Louisiana Yoder, Ohio Stoole, Indiana
Li.rd, Nebraska Cutchuon. Michigan
Gear, Iowa Fitch, New York Carey,
Wyoming.
Naval Affairs—Herbert, of Alabama, Chair
man Wise, Virginia McAdoo, New Jersey
Whitthorne, Tennessee ltusk, Maryland
Cucki.iu, Now York KUiott, South Carolina
A^bot:. Texas Harmer, Pennsylvania
Thomas, Illinois Go
ft. West Virginia Bou
telle. Miilue Hayden, Massachusetts.
lVst-OMics una Post Roads— lilount, of
Georif.a. Chairman Dockeiy, Missouri Merri
man. New York Ermentrout, Pennsylvania
Eaioe,Tenn»M'e Audcr»oi). Illinois. Anderson,
Mississippi Montgomery. Kentucky Rowland,
North Carolina Bingham, Pennsylvania
Guenther, Wisconsin Peters, Kansas Allen,
ssachusetts Whtte, New York Lind, Min
nesota Cain, Utah.
Public Lai.d^—llolmon,ofIndir.na.Chairnian
LaiToi-n, Kentucky Stone, Missouri McRae,
Arkan-as Wheeler, Alabama Washington,
Tennessee Stockdale, Mississippi Payscn,
Illinois Juckeon, Pennsylvania McKcima,
California Herman, Oregon: Erast'is J. Tu
nor, Kansas Voorhecs, Washington Territory.
Indian Affairs—Pclee, of Arkansas,Chairman
Allen, Mississippi Shivley, Ind.ana: l'crry,
South Carolina Hudd, Wisconsin McSh -.ne
Nebraska Cobb, Alabama: Hare, Texas Per
kins. Kansas Nel*on, Minuesota LaFayotte,
Wisconsin: Dttrliu^ton, Pennsylvania Allen,
chigan Gilford, Dakota.
'IVrr.torles—Springer, of Illinois, Chairman
Darnos, Georgia Cox, New York Elliott,
South Carolina Hayes, Iowa Kilgore, Texas
M.tnsur, Missouri Ford, Michigan: Slruble,
Iowa Baker, New York Dorsey, Nebraska
Sytncs, Colorado Warner, Missouri Joseph,
N'««T Mexico.
Railwr.vs and Canals—Davidson, of Florida
Chturtnaa Mcliau, Arkansas Stone, Kentucky
PtdeocU, New Jorswy Hayes, Iowa llryce.
New York Cobb, Alabama Carlton, Georgia
Plumb, Illinois Wilber, New York MeCor
mick, Pennsylvania Gaines, Virginia Russell
Connecticut.
Paciflc Railroads—Outliwalte, of Ohio, Chair
man Crane, Texas Richardson. Tennessee
Barnes, Gorgia Collins, Massachusetts
Caruth, Kentucky Tracy, New York Grander,
Connecticut Weber, New York Holmes,
Iowa Dalziel, Pennsylvania Hovey, Indiana
Mason, Illinois.
Levees and Improvements of tho Mississippi
River— Catching*, of Mississippi, Chairman
Glass. Tennessee Tarsney, Michigan Lawler,
Illinois Montgomery, Kentucky Walker,
Missouri ltobcrison, Louisiana Hall, Penn
sylvania Wldiug, Massachusetts Morrill,
Kansas Grant, Vermont Scull, Ponnsyl
vunia.
Education—Chandler, of Georgia, Chairman
Mahonoy, New York Craig, Texas Caruth
Kentucky Buekalew, Pennsylvania Lane
IUino'.s Cobb, Alabama Pennington, Dela
ware: O'Donne'.l, Michigan J. D. Taylor Ohio
Russell, Connecticut Belden, New York
While, Indiana.
Labor—J. J. O'Neill, of Missouri, Chairman
Tarsney, Mienig.,n Felix Campbell, New
York
Davd-.on, Alabama Compton. Maryland
Candler. Georgia: French, Connecticut l'.ur
nett, Massachusetts Buchanan, New Jersey
Bound, Pennsylvania l'lunib, Illinois Nich
ols, North Caiolina Iloughen, Wisconsin.
Pensions—Bliss, of New York, Chairman
Hutton, Missouri Dougherty, Florida Hen
derson, North Carolina Barry, Mississippi
Bankhead, Alabama Carlton, Georgia Iius
sell. Mississippi Struble, Iowa Butler, Ten
nessee Finley, Kentucky Scull, Pennsyl
vania Delano, New York.
THE IOWA PLAIN DEALER
CRESCO. IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 12.188R
THE HOUSE COMMITTEES.
^pcakfir Curtlslo Announce* His Appolnt
innnti-MlIN and I'HIKIHII Given tho
Manufactures—Bacon, of New York, Chair
main Breckinridge, Arkansas Wilson, West
Virginia Bynum, Indiana McKinney, New
Hampshire Grimes, Georgia Herman, Ore
gon Bunnell, Pennsylvania: Hopkins, New
York Crouse, Ohio Smith, Wisconsin.
Mines and Mining—Ofcrrall, of Virginia,
Chairman Foran, Ohio Candler, Georgia
Neal, Tennessee Greenman, New York Whit
ing, Michigan Lynch, Peuu&ylvania Riggs,
California Woodburn, Nevada MeCulloufch,
Pennsylvania (Jest, Illinois Flood, New York
Nichols, North Carolina Smith, Arizona.
Militia—McAdoo, of New Jersey, Chairman
Forney, Alabamu Sowden, Pennsylvania
Seney, Ohio: Gibson, Maryland H'.anchard,
Louis ana Stewart, Texas Spinola, Now
York Lehlback, New Jersey Wade, Missouri
Owen. Indiana Vundovere, California Mc
Cormiclt, Pennsylvania.
Patents—Weaver, of Iowa, Chairman Till
man, S.'iith Carolina Cowles, North Carolina
Grimes, Georgia:Greenman, New York Lane,
Illinois: Martin, Texas Vance, Connecticut
West, New York Osborne, Pennsylvania
Smith, Wisconsin Thomas, Kentucky Arnold,
Rhode Island.
Invalid Pensions—Matson, of Indiana, Chair
man Pidooek, Now Jersey Chipman, Michi
gan Yoder, Ohio Lane, Illinois Lynch, Perm
sylvania French, Connecticut Walker, Mis
souri Thompson, California Morrill, Kansas
Sawyer, New Yoru (iallinger, New Hnuip
shire Spooner, Rhode Island Thompson, Ohio
Hunter, Ko itueky.
aims—Latham, of Texas, Chairman Dou^h
erty, F.orida bliaw, Maryland T. J. Camp
ball. New York Taulbce, Kentucky S.mmoni,
North Carol tin French, Connecticut Lynch,
Pennsylvania Mansur, Missouri Baker, 1111
oois Mi'Cullough, Pennsylvaaia Cheadle, la*
diana: K
err, Iowa Bow
Jen, Virginia, Laid
law. New York.
War Ciaims—Stone, of Kentucky, Chairman
Bliss, New York Lawler. Illinois Stoc .d ile,
Misssslppi Granger, Connecticut O'Neall,
Indiana Penr.'.ngton, Delaware Wilkinson,
f/u s am Heist nd. Pennsylvania Thomas,
Wisconsin Crouse, Ohio Gaines, Virgin.a
Browe-, North Carolina.
Reform in the Civil Service—Clements, of
Georgia. Che rman Dargan. South Carolina:
Stone, Mis our Bryce. New York Rusk,
Maryland Puelan, Tennessee Abbott, Texas
Anderson, Louisiana Bayne, IVnnsy'.van a
Hopkins, lit noi- Spooner, Rhode Inland
Fitch. New York Thomas. Kentucky.
The chairmansh p* of t'io other com
mittees ore as follows:
Public Duiidings and Grounds—Dibble, of
3outh Carolina
Private Land Claims—McCreary, of Ken
tucky.
District of Columbia—Hemphill, of South
Care ma.
Revision of tbe Laws—Oates, of Alabama.
Expenditures in State Department—Morse,
of ssachusetts.
Exi cnditures in Treasury Department—
Wheeler, of Alabama.
Exj-en-litures in War Department—
Laffoon,
of Kentucky.
Expenditures in Navy Department—Scott,
of Pennsylvania.
Expeii'iiu r-s in Post-Office Department—
Doekery, of Missouri.
Expeni'iture* in Interior Department—Hudd,
of Wisconsin.
Expenditures In Department of Justicc—
Cowles, of North Carolina.
l-'.Xj endiiurcs on Public BuildinffrHSfeniplMll,
of Nutr York.
Accounts—Shaw, of Maryland.
Library Stuhlnecker, of New York.
Enrolled Bills—F sher, of Mich'gan.
Printing—R char ison, of -..nessee.
Election of President and VtM-Fntidflt—
Ermentrout, of Pennsylvania.
Census—Cox, of Now York.
Indian Depredation Claims—Whitthorne, of
Tennessee.
Ventilation and Acoustics—
Landes, of Illi
nois.
Alcoholic quor Traffic—Campbell, of Olla
BLOWN INTO ETERNITY.
Thren Killed and Mnuy Injured by the
Prei»atnr« Explosion of a Illant.
WILKE-VBAIUXS, Pa, Jan 6 A shocking
accident occurred yesterday on tho I'litston
branch of the Lehigh Valley railroad now
being constructed. A very heavy
blast bad been p^parud in a
dep cut Foreman Maurico Dona
hue was Htnnding wituin a
foo-
of th blass
hole, tlir^e men were working at the foot of
the bank, three stood on tho top of tha
bunk and eleven were working a suort dis
iii-e aw.'V. Tho idast xtilo led preina
ture'y, Morris Douahu being hurled lu'ty
feet in the air, but landing on his feet was
only i-ligntly injured. Tho three men
on the top of tho bank wero blown iif:y
feet away and badly hurt Th* threo ineu
at the loot of the I ank were instantly
kilbnl, their bodies bein horriblj' mangled.
The other eleven workmen near by wero
snore or less injured. They were all
Hungarians, except one, who is an Italian.
F|RE IN A NAVY YARD.
Uneie Sani Loses Itf.'OO.OOO WoTltl «f
Property.
NEW YORK, Jan. —Fire broke out at 1
o'clock this morning at the. Brooklyn
navy yard in the Navigation build
ing, wiiich stood in the center of
the grounds, nway from the other build
ings. At- a. m. the lire was under con
trol. At iirst the nav.d authorities refused
nil !ssls iaico from the city tiro depart
ment, but ihe tlami s g:. ncil such headway
that the lire department was called in. 1 he
buil-iing was completely gut cd. The total
IOM will be I'lcut The
building was a ihree-scory an i attic brick
and was occupied by the navigation, con
struction and equipment bureaus and also
for storatro puri.ostH. The building was 300
feet l.y 75. Tho officials of the depart
ments mentioned lose all the contents of
their offices, inc uJIng valuable naval and
military maps, plans and desiirna.
INDIANA MINES.
Tlie Cmml Output Greatly Increased la 1
lloosier statu During tlio Past Year.
BRAZIL, Iiul., Jan i.~-Huta Mine In
spector McQuade's annual report places
the output of Indiana's 2'J0 mines at
3,217,711 tons, an increase over last
year of U17,711 tons. But for strikes,
it is estimated thut tho output would
have reached 4,000,000 tons, rauk
ing Imiiiuia iifth among coal-producing
States. The capital s.ctivelv invested is
$2.112,0iK, an iuoreiso of
$500,000
over
1. st yoi»r. Owing to strikes and t':e Inter
State Commerce law and cutt ug oil of
Eastern coai, the demand has been unpre
eedentcd and beyond tbe capacity. The
total number of miners employed was
7,304. Of thirty-eight accidents seventeen
were fatalities, mostly from fal ing slate
and not from explosive gases, oi which the
mines seem free.
DEFEAT FOR_A MONOPOLY.
A lJuboque .luil^o Kender* a Decision
Aealnxt llie \V»liburii-3Ioen llarb-Wire
Company.
DUBUQOK, la, Jan. 6. —Judge Shivas, of
the United States District Court here, has
rendered a d- cision against wliat are known
ns tho Glidden barb-wire patents,
und which the Washburn-Moen Comp iny
has exacted vast royalties from manufactur
ers and laid heavy tax s upon farmers lining
barb-wire fences. Tho defendants in the
suit proved that the original barb-wire
fvnco was invented us long ago as 11*5!), or
fifteen years prior to the issno of tho Glid
den patents. The case will be appealed to
the United States Supreme Court
Hlg O: at in Lumber.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn, Jan. !—The Itasca
Lumber Company has sold to 8 Ii. Martin
A Co. its entire stock of lumber, including
2:1.000,000 feet of lumber, 5,000,000
shingles ami 3,f«H),000 lath. The exact
price is not known, but it is understood to
bo not much short ot $12 tho thousand.
The lumber will be drcs&od at the Do Soto
planing-inill and shipped, some of it to Chi
cago, but the greater part of it to Omaha.
Tnis is the biggest trail a ever made here.
Tlio Iron ami Steel Product.
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. U —General Manager
James iL Swank, of the American Iron aud
Steel Association, reviews the business of
last year. He says last year's production
was the largest in the country's lnstorv.
The pig-.ron prod no: was 11,250.000 ton*
Notwithstanding the decline in prices ho
thinks the outlook for the present year la
good.
American Silver in Canada.
OTTAWA, Ont, Jan. 0.—It is rumored that
the Canadian Government may more ri
idly enforce the duty of 20 per cent ou
American silver brought into Canada, ou
account of tho recent Internal Revenue
Commissioner's decision that Cunadian
bank notes, UBed in circulation by Amer
ican bunks, are liable to a tax of 10 pel
cent,
A Hard Winter In Austria.
VIENNA, Jan. 0.—This has so far been one
of the severest winters on record lien
Cases of death troni the eff*ct« of exposure
are reported daily. The water supply ie
beginu.ng to fa l. The ice in the Danube
has renched Vienna Tiie I'iatton-Seo ie
frozen over for the l.rst time in many
years.
Indiana Pension Affenry.
INDLINAL'OLIA, Ind., Jan. «».—At the State
Pens on Ageucy here tho number of pen
s-oners increased to 3t»,(!Hl in December—
a net gain of 2M$. The quarterly disburse
ment from tho agency amounts $1,250,000.
This is the third agency in the iiuiti.vi.UiiU
strength of its roster in the country.
Crushed iu I lie Machinery.
KAUKAUNA, Win, Jan. 6 —Robert Wal
I.ce, a p-pcr-maker employed in the
Badger paper mill of this ty. was caught
ill the cogs of a shui't Wednesday night IU»d
•o badly Injured thut he died.
VoORHEES ON THE TARIFF.
The lnl ana Senator's Able Ileply to
John Nlir miau'-. AH nek on lli» I'rpnl
«|p|»t—Tli«* Ciy A niiisl Tariir-K»-lu:'tio:i
Nolliinf Itu! 1'strty C'apti iiji—II-nio«-raey
the True Fr.eml of the Working-Man.
WASHINGTON*. Jan. 5 In th-: S:nate yes
terday Senator Voorhec« too! the floor, and
delivered a powerful speech in d- fens- of
the pr«-«iden:'s message. He denounced
th-? ftatuments mad-: by John Sitermun in
his uncalic 1-for attack on the Administra
tion as ins ore an misleading, and then
entered heartily into the principal subject
under discussion.
The contraction of the volume of tho
currency,
he said, had always been a policy marked by
disa«.t»r and suffering and accursed I every
fr.end of the general welfare of the country.
But when ihut s»l ominat le policy was still
further aided and executed by sriaUliinir. as it
were, the money ot the i eopl- from ti.e very
hands at the rate of fl0,()o»,o.0 a month, with
out necessity, excuse
or puliation, every hon
est mind had to revolt
against fuch wanton
ro bbery. It was a
crime against every
home, every fireside
and every living man
and woman iu the
United Staler. It is a
crime National in its
p:ojorti.n-i, pi^antic
in its strength, omni
present in its visita
tions and brutal in Its
r»racity. And yet the
day two** the recess j/W
the Senato-?r-)m Cole
rado tMr. Tell. sneer- SKNATOK VOIIUHKES.
ed at the idea of the surplus bem^' of any conse
quence. And the Senator from Ohio Mr. Sher
ni in i also declared mot by cable from Paris but
on the, floir of tho Senate i that it
was fortunate for the country that there
was a surplus of o.»)!H in the T.-e -.snrv. it
w.ll bo for that Senator, if he becomes the Re
publican cund'-.l.ite for the Presidency next
summer, tj explain to the people why it i-.
fortunate that their money is gathered into the
Treasury in ex.-ess of all the uses, prescriptions
and wants of th'! Oovernmant, instead of re
maininj iu the rockets of the people.
Tliere was in the -puldit-an press ind among
Re-, ubl can polit e.ivns a determined, presUt
eiit and br. zen campaign of mendacity on th s
subject: anil it would cont-ntie in the councils
and field work of the I{•.•publican party day by
day. morning, noon und n.ght, until the frosts
of next November come to wither and blast
nlike their falsehoods and their hopes.
He deni-d that tiie President had de
parted or.e jot or tit.lj from the decla
ration of the last Democrat platform
on the bubject of taxation. That declaration ha 1
been bold, explicit and peremptory. It was
made in a few plain, strong wor Js, the meamng
of which It was impossible to pervert or mis
understand. Incidental protecti-ui to home
manufactur* s had always been tiie policy of the
Democrat .c party. It was recojrniz 'd in the
last Democrat e National platform. He re
jo cod in every element of American JUCCCSS.
'waspro-id of the inventive g-n us of the
country and of its vast establishments, where
skilled labi-r al oun-h-d. Ho looked with de
light on the cotton-mills, coal-mines, blast
furnaces and rolling-mills of the South, as
well as on those of New England. Pennsyl
vania and many Western States. He
would cncournge them in their gii/ar.tic career
of development ami usefulness an I he held
that the pol cy of the Democratic party had
been always ample for their prosper.ty and
progress. That was the inly safe policy for
American manufacturers themselves. If it
were once iloarly understood that the manti
facturcrs as a class demanded that they be en
riched by means of fraudulent taxes, that they
accept the cu dan.-e of th? leaders of the Re
publican purty and join in their pra'se, th
indeed, perils would environ the manufactur
ing interests of the country such as were never
known tx-fore.
If the Democratic party, with its record of more
than fifty years in the administrat on of th
Government and its frank and constant dec
laration of principles, was to be charged with
th- folly of free trade every time an attempt
was made to modify the tar fT. the people would
very soon and very clearly lind out that such
assaults were only made to d.vert uhlic atten
tion from the evil des is and schemes of plun
der of which thev were the v.ctims.
Proceed ns to discuss the messaje of the
President, he said that it was a pleasure to him
to declare that th s remarkable state paper was
true to the principles aud teachings of the Dem
ocratic party from its foundation by Jefferson,
and that the thanks of the laboring aud busi
ness classes of the country were due to the Ex
ecutive for seizing on that vital issu-5 with
the urasp of a strong, honest man. and for pre
senting it to his countrymen in such a shape
and light thut it never would disupi ear until
the wroncs therein presented were exposed
and redressed and until the outrages of over
taxation ceased.
In the present age ot swollen pretenses, of
shallow aristocracy and of gilded vulgarity, the
splendid utterances of th» President's message
fell ou the nun.Is of tiie people as a token, as a
promise of r*lkf, reform and redemption from
one who had never broken a pledge or forgot
a public duty. The President had declared for
the lowly und oppressed
ince the matchless immortal inaugural of Jef
ferson on the 4th of March, 1n)1, no communica
tion had ever emanated fiom the Chief Magis
trate of this Government more able, more el
evated iu statesmanship, more humane and
benevolent in its purpose, or more conduciv
to the general welfare and good government
than the mes-tago under consideration.
Coming down to the practical question of
taxation Mr. Voorh-*es said h-j w is aware that
there were many objections to the internal
taxes, bi on grounds far different from a de
sim to perpetuate enormous and unjust
titfilf taxes oa the necessities of life. He ap
preciated tho fact that for many years
and especially in several States, the
whole system had been used as a pow
erful Instrument of partisan political war
fare, and had been rendered odious to every
free-minJol citizen. He was also often
ndedthat it was a war tax, and that it should
pass away in time of peace. All these opinions
had their we:ght with him. Hut while heavy
ixes which had haen laid by a war tariff ou
every article entering into the wants and neces
sitit-s of the people were uut reduced at all, he
submitted that tho work of retorm aud reduc
tion would be pursued in that Held, and the in
ternal revenue system left to stand av. hde. sub
ject to certain modillcat ous. As to tobacco, he
suggested that the tax on c'gar.i aud snuff
iprodue.iig 4i-',5-n, Oil ini-rht
Ik-
retained aud
the rest of the tax (producing fli.oi'o.oj'it ubol
ished. This, however, was a feature of detail
and perhaps a feature of compromise. The
great bulis of abatement iu the present total
unnecevs .ry taxation of the people would have
to take place in u careful and prudent revision
of tiie tariff, and we would have to leave to the
future what ght seem tho best means
and arrangements by which to attain
that ead. As a choice between reducing inter
nal revenue or tariff taxes he would labor to
cheapen woolens, lmeus, cotton fabrics, salt
lumber, coal, iron, steel, and all other staple
commodities rather than sui-h articles as were
indulged iu from acquired habits or luxurious
modes of living.
After quoting some sentences from the Pres
ident's message, Mr. Voorhees asked whothe
it was from such wise, conservative statements
(guarding the interests of American manu
facturcrs on tho one hand, while seeking to
relieve the people on the other) that
tho charges of "free trade" were made
a ainst th» message. Did it not rather
seem that those who cavilled with Mr. Cleve
land, and denounced his views, were such ns
had predeteimined a quarrel, and WHO would
not approve the Declaration of Independence
if it came from his hands? Such political
leaders might have their uses, but iu the
present instanco it required no gift of
prophesy to foresee that as "blind lead
ers of the blind"' they and their fol
lowers would roll in the ditch of defeat to
gether. A persistent and violent effort was IK
ing made by those who managed and led tho
opposition t) the present Administration to
convince t:ie public mind that the Presldeut was
unfriendly to labor interests and labor orgaui/a
tlons. and that the reduction of taxes, power
fully enforced, would provo hurtful to the
worliiu-:-ine:i, and especially to wage laborer
employed in manufacturing industries. He
might pause to ask the meuuing of the present
condition of the wage-workers iu many of Ihe
most extensive manufacturing regions,and why
under tiie present high tariff, were they engaged
in constant strides ami severe struggles with
their employers. His heart was full of appro
cintive sympathy for the working-man aud his
household, as they guthered around the
troubled fireside, often in penury, some
times in actual waut, and never in case
or affluence, but he had never yet conceive
it to be a remedy for his privation und
anxieties to increase tho tax on his blnnko
and bed-clothing or on his salt and meager ta
ble were.
The President
bad
expressed his
WHOLE NUMBER 1170.
olicitt'de fo» the welfare of the iViucr can la
borer, and had pointed out the v, ?ila il i arc
which his interests shoclii fffit* in the treat
ment of the tariff.
Senator Voorh'es quoted from the Repiib
ican platform of !*». wherein it pledged H-elf
to "coricet the irregularities of the tariff and to
rcduce the surplus." and he said that that was
a plain, clear adm'ssion. made three and a
half years ago. that tbe work of the Tariff
Commission had been poorly done and
called for correction, and that the pledge had
never yet by one word, one vote, one step, or
the lifting of one finger been attempted to be
carried out to this day. On the contrary, the
Republican leaders had not only done
nothing themselves to remedy their own
confessed wrong-doing, but had hindered
the efforts of every body else. If now,
after th s long delay, the leaders of the Repub
lican organization ln Congress and elsewhere
assumed the attitude of tariff reformers it
would only be under the compulsion of public
opinion, invoked and aroused by the powerful
statement and appeal of Mr. Cleveland in hii
late message. They were chiefly incensed
against tbe President because he had disturbed
their policy of inaction.
Tr.e.r anger was kindled because their d.la
tory tact cs could avail them no longer. A*
had bee i said of the charge of the "L'ght Brig'
ade at Baiaklava: *'It is magnificent, but it i:
not war," so many thoughtful observers of tht
tremendous financial power and endurance ol
he American people miijht exclaim' "It
s glorious. but. it is not statesman
ship." It was glorious to the manhood and re
sources of the Republic but in giving th"
orders, in shaping the policy, by which the
American people had been so strained, taxed
and bitterly tested, all the world knew that a
blunder equivalent to a crimo had bsen com
mitted and id been stubbornly persisted in.
Hut the question still recurred in its homely,
practical way as to the disposal of tbe results
of this blundering policy.
He turned from the propositions for a larger
army and navy and costly coast defenses as a
remedy for the Treasury surplus to more nat
ural, necessary and practicable methods for its
use. A generous pension rol'. with all arreara ges
paid, liberal appropriations for the improve
ment of rivers and harbors, the construc
tion of public buildings wherever needed
for the pnbl-c service, were all laudable ob
jects und should be attained, but they would
fall far short of restoring the immense sur
plus to circulation and of affording the relief
needed.
As a further remedy, and indeed as the
greatest and most potent, the American people
would be best pleasa to see the public debt
diinin she l, and if the authority to purchase
bonds not et due was not to be found in ex st
ing law. ('i ngress should promptly supply the
defect. There was no bondage so cruel as that
of debt, an I when the lust Government botid
was paid and tho last vestige of the National
debt wiped cut there would be a jubilee year
beside whose glories all other jubilees and cen
tennial j-cars would grow pule and inslgn.ticant
He had faith in its coming because the Ad
min'stratiou had at last baen placed upon
sound principle* and was being carried on by
honest and able hands. The American poopl
would sec to it that no backward step should
be taken fer the future.
A FLOOD OF BiUS»
New
Measures In tho H«im#-Tlio More
Important of the Nine Hundred and
Two Public ItilU Introduced Wednes
day.
WASHINGTON", Jan 0.—In the House Wed
nesday nine hundred and two bills were
Introduced for reference.
Mr. Springer, of Illinois, introduced a bill
to provide for the organization of the Ter
ritory of Oklahoma.
The bill provides for the creation of a new
Territory out of the i uldic-land strip and all
that part of the Indian Territory west
of the Hve ilvilizi tribes. covering
an area about as large as the State ol
Ohio. It prov.des all the mach'ncry for Terri
torial govcinmvit and opens the section to set
tlement by homestead entry. Three years'
actual residence is required before patents can
issue, and all sales, transfers and mortgages
prior to the issue of the patent are declared void.
The cattle leases are declared void and the
President is directed to remove such lessees
All railroad grants in the sect on are blso de
clared void. and the Territorial Legislat ure and
local Governments are prohibited from aiding
such roads. 1
Am»ng the bills offered were the follow
ing:
To provide for the reduction of customs
duties to establish a Court of Appeali tc
amend the Civil Service act: granting
pensions to survivors of Indian wars
who have attained the age cf 70 years
for the temporary support of common
schools for the refunding of the couoa
tax to remove the tax from tobacco and spir
its made from fruits to authorize females to
eut"r lands under the homestead law to do
nate puiihe lands for s -hool purposes: to regvi
late the jurisdiction of United States courts
to secure cheaper telegraphic correspondence
to regulate freight and passenger rates on rail
roads crossing the Indian Territory for the re
moval of dangerous aliens from the terr tory ol
the United States granting bounty-land war
rants to the soldiers of the late war to provide
for the election of Senators by the votes
of the people of the States to pro
mote the establishment ot free commercial ID
tercourse among the nations of America and
the Domiu on of Canada by tbe creation of an
American customs union or zoilvereim: to or
gani/.e the Indian Territory ur.d^r the name ol
Oklahoma and consolidate certain tribes unde
Territorial government, and to allot lands ifi
severalty among Indians to establish the de
part ment of industries and public works pro
viding for the election of President and Vice
Presiden by popular vote: to crea
the lakes and gu^f waterway coil,
mission. iThis 11 V.as prepared by
committee appointed at Peoria, 111..
October last, and provides for a commission to
be appointed by the President to take into con
sideration th* establishment of deep-water
navigation between Chicago and St. Louts and
the Gulf of Mexico) to establish a uniform sys
tem of bankruptcy granting lands to honor
ably discharged soldiers of the late war far
the Union to repeal the Pre-Einption, Timber
Culture and Desert-Land laws for the ostr.b
lishment of a postal telegraph: abolishi'i
the duty on sugar: to prohibit the purchase ot
goods manufactured wholly or in part by con
vict labor dispensing with proof of loyalty
during the late war as a condition of res
toration or adm ssion to the pension rolls
placing sugar, coa', hemp and manilla grass oa
the free 1st.
Among the bills for the erection of public
buindings were tho following: Evansville
Indianapolis (for enlargement of build ng.
aud Mad son. Ind I-'ort Dodge and Sioux City
la. Wititleld, Kan. Kalamazoo, Musuejron
Manistee, Hay City and Lansing, M.cli. Du
lath, Minn. Tremout, Graul Isla id, Omaha
Plattsburg and Beatrice, Neb. Portsmouth,
Gallipolis, Zauesvdie, Hamilton and Defiance
O. Milwaukee. Wis.
ESCAPED JUSTICE.
The St. L'luli C'lineso Il.ghbinders Wei
WNIB—A
History of the Case.
ST. LOCIW, Jan. .".—The Chinese High
binder murder cases were dismissed Tues
day, and the four Chinamen under couvio
tion of murder wero released. Tha others
had been released four months ago on their
own recognizance.
[Chio (loom, Chio Chiagl, Chyo Pock, Pock
Sig. Hock Luigk and You Sing were ft.i-ud
guilty of murder in the first degree two ye-trs
ago on the confession of Cong Sing, who was
seen leaving the room of Lou Johnson, a fellow
Chinaman, a short time before he was fovnd
standing on s head in a bucket of rico witj
dozen gashes in his body. The dead man had
headed a police raid on the above gambler:
and the murder was supposed tobeferrcvengo.
Cong Sing was arrested a little later at Mur
physborough, 111., heavily armed and smeared
with blood. He claimed he did not commit
the murder, but carried the body to tho place
It
was found. He accused the above-named Citi
namen of the crime and they were convicted
ins testimony. The Supreme Court granted
new trial on the groutidof insufficient evident
Cong Sing went crazy, und despairing of anotfe
er conviction the prosecution entered a tti'ile
prosequi and tbe men were released.]
Indicates an Underground Fire.
PiTTsnt.'r.(iii, Pa, Jan. A Washington
(Pa special savs: The citizms of Zoilars
villn and vicinity ure considerably
excited over a discovery on the farm
of.hiinon Bane. Smoke was noticed sov
eral days ngo issuing from the ground,
aud in order t» asoert kin its origin a num
ber of neighbors assisted in making exca
vations. When
Oiily
a few feet down tbe
ground became so hoc thut tlia men had to
quit digging. It is stated that- hot pieces of
clay were throwu up, ttnU lUufc fcbe MMttfce
has become very dpi***
PI»AiN Dealer.
ETEETTBIKO 1*
THE LIKE IV
JOB WORK,
Bill-Heads, Card*, Fosters, Cir
culars.
SitUicflH ii KMtost, Prooftatu utf
Prlci CsaraM.
•OIV* OT A TRIAL BEFORE ORDER
ING KLxfcWHKHK
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY,
.Providence. R. I., has just turned
out a solid .Oo.O'XJ-pound cast in jr.
East Chicago i to be built up with
extensive car manufactories, steel
plants and slaughtering establishments.
The output of tiie Indinna coal
fields for 1*H7 will be grenter than for
any year in the past history of the
State.
The sum of £1,000,000 has been be
queathed by Mr. Richard Berrige for
use in advancing economic and sani
tary science in Great Britain.
—It is estimated that 3G,675,000 yards
of silk ribbon, equivalent to about 22,
7'X) miles, have been made in Faterson,
N. J., during tho past year.—Boston
Budget.
—But few people hare any idea of
the rapid extension and development
of the electric lighting business in this
country. All the leading electric light
manufacturing establishments aio
crowded with orders.
—The South Brooklyn Ferry Com
pany have substituted women for men
as collectors on both sides of the river.
They work ten hours a day. and receive
a salary of |G) per month. They have
not only proved themselves as efficient
as men, but more honest.
Ten saw-mills at and about
Truckee, New, this season, cut 44.000,
000 feet of luinl»er. Last year the total
was 33,(K0,0'K) feet. Less than 13,000,
000 feet of lumber is on hand at the
mills, and this will be cleaned out
before work can be resumed In the
spring.
•Professor Edward Hull, director ol
the Geological Survey of Ireland, in a
paper read before the British Assoeia'
tion at its la*! meeting, says that main
geographers have overlooked the effect
of continents in attracting the oceanic
waters adjoining them. lie thinks thai
the attractive force of the land piles iij
the water of the ocean all along th»i
great continental coasts.—N. Y. Ledger.
•A Yankee scientist in writing ol
the precious stones peculiar to the
United States, has been saying sonui
nice things about chlorastrolitr, a gem
peculiar to Michigan. "The only place
in the world where it is found," he
says, "Is Isle Rovale, Lake Superior.
This island, belonging to the State of
Michigan, forty miles long, five milet
wide, and about twenty miles from tho
mainland, is composed of amygdaloid
trap, in the almond-shaped cavities of
which the gem principally occurs.
About $1,500 worth are sold annu
ally."
—A man in Mexico, who was struck
by lightning and was supposed to bo
dead, was restored to consciousness by
means of a large quantity of cold water
which was thrown over him at the sug«
gestion of a passer-by. It served to re
establish respiration before the paraly
sis of the heart had become absolute,
and the patient recovered. In an ac
count of the case, communicated to ths
Mexican Academy of Medicine, it is
stated that the effect of the electric
shock on the system was very much
like that of an overdose of chloroform.
N. Y. Ledger.
—From many observations on healthy
men, Dr. Theodorofl', of St. Petersburg,
learns that the vital capacity of the
lungs increases from morning till even
ing, decreasing again during the night.
After each meal, too, tliere is a special
increase, followed by a slight decrease
the vital capacity being at its highest
shortly after dinner, and at its lowest
after getting up in the morning. The
force of inspiration aud expiration fol
lows nearly the same law.—Arkansaw
Traveler.
—A report based upon an inspection
of 1,214 factories in 125 different
branches of work in Russia states that
the hours of labor there vary from six
to twenty, and that in one or two special
instances workmen were compelled to
labor twenty-fonr hours uninterrupt
edly. These differences are purely ar
bitrary and not controlled by the kind
of work. In the same district in
the same sort of work there is some
times a difference of eleven hours in the
amount of work required in a day in
the different factories.
VOTING IN AUSTRALIA.
A Rystrm Which I* !»aii to Aunra Abso
lute Secrecy or the ISallot.
This plan is the only one ever yet
devised for securing the absolute
secrecy of the ballot cast. In brief,
it consists in haviug a room adjacent
to and communicating with the poll
room, into which the electors are ad
mitted one at a time tho voter selects
a ticket on which is printed the names
of the office? and tho candidates to be
voted for. Thus, for the sake of illus
tration, John Brown and James Robin
son are candidates, say for sheriff', Sam
Smith ar.d Tom Jones are candidates
for State Senator, and John Bull and
Sam Uncles are running for Assembly.
All these names will be printed on a
siiigle ticket, furnished at State ex
pense, aud will read as follows:
siiEittrr. -i.
»lohn Krown.
JT§ines Robinson.
JJJFATI: SKNATOU.
8am Smith.
Tom Jones.
ASSEMBLY.
John Hull.
Sani Uncles.
The voter enters the room
the ballots are put, to take
glances over tiie names on it
seniial that he be able to read), and,
blue lead pencil iu hand, proceeds to
prepare the ticket. This is somewhat
the appearance it will bear after he is
through with it:
in which
one up,
(it is eg-
siiEKirr.
John Brown.
STATE SKM ATOU.
Sam Smith.
ASSEMBLY.
John Bull.
His ticlcet is now complete, he folds
it, presents it to the ollieer, and a voUl
each goes into the ballot box for Brown*
Smith and Bull. No human being bill
himself knows how he has voted, an4
no one ever will know unless he chooses
to tell. Leading men declare that tl
will cut up by the roots bribery iu tltQ
various open or secret forms in whit%
it was conducted at tho last eleetio%
aud they propose to urge its adoption
upon the incoming Legislature, not :tt
a a y e a s u e u i n e i n e o
an uupuwtiiuatjlQ ballot bufc-lt f»
Star,

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