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The Iowa plain dealer. [volume] (New Oregon, Howard County, Iowa) 1867-1895, December 31, 1891, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025167/1891-12-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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'I
SMITHY SOMA.
WlMMi I am half a-dreaming
And only half asleep,
When daylight's prayest gleaming
'OiM through ibe blinds to peep,
Oh. then I hear the dln^ln^
Of the smithy hammers ringing,
Chi tig ching, ching, ching,
Chlog ching. ching cbRM£
At eve when I'm returning
From labors of the day.
Their forges yet are burning,
And still their hammers play
And oft tlio smith* are singing
To that measured, merry ringing
Ching. ching, ching, rbing,
Ching, ching, ching ching.
Often with rhythmic bending
Of bodies to and fro,
They toil In couples, sending
The sparks out. blow on blow
One hammer always swingiug
The while the other's ringing,
Ching ching. ching ching,
Cbing ching, cbing ching
O merry anvils sounding
All day till set of sunt
It is by steady pounding
That noblest tasks are done.
By sturdy blows and swinging
That keep the world a-ringing.
Ching ching, ching ching,
Ching ching, ching cbing.
—George or ton. in Oeatury.
TWO MOUNTAIN LIONS.
Their Magnificent Courage When
Brought to Bay.
ffcay Hfht to the Death with a ftbgtt of
Bloodhound*. Racked by Armed
Hunt era, and Bravely Meet
Their Doom.
There had been great excitement
among the ranchmcn of the valley of
the Sierra Mad re for some weeks over
the depredations committed upon their
flocks of sheep and herds of cattle by
lome beast of prey. What this robber
was no one could say with any ex
actness, for, uniting an extraordinary
degree of cunning with great speed of
loot, the rogue invariably managed to
elude all pursuit. Morning after
morning1 some herder would report a
eow, calf or sheep done to death with a
eruel wound in its throat from which
lite assassin had drained its warm
life's blood. But the dead carcass was
•II that remained ti tell the story of
the coming and going of the spoiler,
Cor no shadow left less trace of its
presence.
This enemy of their herds was all
lite more feared by the cattlemen, as
there was no guessing where the next
victim was to be found, for with in
credible rapidity of movement the ani
Oial seemed to scour the country for
Biles in every direction, seeking with
•11 the fastidiousness of a true epicure
the tenderest lambs and choicest brand
of cattle. The herds themselves
•eemed to know that some foe lurked
dear, and at night would huddle to
gether as if for mutual protection.
At last matters reached a climax
when the fine imported Durham cow,
"with a long pedigree," of one of the
wealthy stock-owners of the vicinity
Itrayed away from her comfortable
•tall, and, with the curioiiity of her
•ex, was investigating the country,
frhen she was set upon by the mysteri
ous beast of prey She was found lit
erally torn to pieces, and it was evi
dent that the cow, a young one. had en
deavored to make some fight for her
life, for her horns were stained with
Mlood, and a trail of blood leading to a
•mall thicket close at hand indicated
that the animal that had killed her had
oot escaped without a wound.
It had been believed from the first
that the depredator had made its de
scent from the mountains, to which it
Would return after each orgy, and, on
Uloodhounds being sent for anil placed
4Mn the trail, the dogs led at once to
ward the rugged peaks that frown
down on this fair valley. The blood
•tains ceased with the thicket, so it
Was concluded that the animal had not
fceen very severely wounded, and no
farther traces of its pasuage were visi
We in the open country, though the
dogs showed no hesitation on the trail
The hunting party numbered nearly a
dozen and was composed of local Nim
•pds, who scented fine sport on the oc
casion, and stockmen, each of whom
llad the loss of one or more, fine blood
ed sheep or cows to avenge.
After some ten or twelve miles of
•teady travel, facing the chill moun
feain that frosted the air and spurred
ihe wiry little Mexican ponies into a
brisk trot, the party reached the little
•laticn of Kio Namiquipa, where the
dogs paused. Here they seemed
puzzled at some sudden turn the trail
Bad taken, for they ran here and there
'for some minutes, finally breaking
•way up the river. But after a run of
a hundred feet or so the old Chihuahua
liound Miguel mule
a
With
a
stand, and then,
warning cry to his mates,
turned and sped back to where the
punters waited The pack followed
||im, though with some hesitation, un
#1, pressing him close as he went
heaping from one to the other of the
stepping stones that crossed the
fjtream, they seemed all at once to un
derstand his maneuvers and leaped for
Ward up the shelving bank witb a joy
ful cry of certainty. Old Miguel's
master, an aged Mexican, by name
Leander, explained that the dogs had
here struck the trail of some other
animal that had come down the river
to drink at that spot He had, he
thought, joined the one they sought,
and the two had struck out together
for the mountains. With renewed in
terest the hunters walked their horses
across the shallow stream and followed
the dogs, which were now only dark
•pecks on the golden sands that
washed the foot of the grim and mighty
Sierra.
The dogs were observed after awhile
to
gather about a clump of cactus
plants that marked the first rise of tho
mountains proper, then to go on and
finally disappear behind a mass of
fallen bowlders. At this the party
urged on their ponies, as it was
evident that the game was near at
hand. Old Leander at the clump of
eatcus dismounted, and after
a
thi*
brief
examination of the disturbed sand de
clared at
place the wounded
anl
mal hod lain down to rest, while the
other, probably its mate, had stood
by As the hunters paused hero the
loud barking of the d«-gs \VJ»S heard at
some little distance, so clapping spurs
to the ponies the party went forward
at a gallop
The hounds were fw:nd to have
gathered about a small heap of earth
and stones, on tvhich stood an enor
mous mountain lion defying them
with blazing eyes and waving tufted
tail. He was a magnificent male, with
tawny skin marked with velvety black,a
bearing as full of pride as any monarch
of Arabian desert, and a roar that woke
the echoes in the mountain gorges far
above his defiant head. The yellow
smoothness of his si dc was broken by
a
jagged wound outlined in dark clot
ted blood, but his courage was un
daunted by the yalping pack of dogs
that surrounded him, making false
starts at him, yet afraid to attack him.
Of his mate nothing was to be seen.
The hunters, cach anxious to claim the
lion as his trophy, pressed forward
and, aiming over the surging mass of
hounds, fired upon the majestic crea
ture facing death so resolutely.
Wounded in half a dozen placcs, the
lion sprung into the air with a scream
of agony and rage, then fell, to be in
stantly covered by the dogs, barking
in triumph over a defeated foe. But
they had flattered themselves too soon
that the prey was theirs, for with a
desperate courage the lion struck out
right and left, sending his enemies
heels over head with blows of his pow
erful paws and ripping and tearing
with his unsheathed claws and giant
molars. Their red blooJ mingled with
his own and dyed the sand crimson,
and they gave back for an instant, un
til, seeing that the mountain king
was dying even as he fought, they re
turned to the battle.
But as they fell upon him a roar
from the frowning heights of the
mountains proclaimed that another foe
was at hand. The matii was returning
and had scented the battle from
afar In another moment she leaped
into view, pausing on the pinnacle of a
tall spire of rock and surveying the
scene below with an angry cant of her
sleek, cat-like head Outlined against
the ten ler blue of the morning slry she
seemed a yellow carving of yellow
marble, but only for a brief moment,
for as her topaz eyes caught sight of
her deLvi mate and the frantic dogs,
she sprung down to the crag *next be
neath her, just as a volley of shots
shattered the extreme end of the
one she had that instant left.
She descended with magnificent bounds
that sent her lithe body from peak to
peak with incredible rapidity, paying
not the slightest apparent attention to
the dogs or the hunters and seeming
only to see the fallen monarch below.
She reached the little gorge where he
lay. A second volley had failed to stay
her as she came bounding down, but
now a third greeted her as she sprung
from the last spur of rock, and a gush
of crimson blood marked where some
bullet had found a home in her quiv
ering flank.
Then for the first time she seemed to
notice her human foes, and leaping to
the side of her dead mate faced them
with a roar of defiance, even as she
bent her head and licked the bloody
carcass at her feet The dogs, taking
this for a sign of timidity, flew at her
ferociously, but the lioness, rendered
furious and reckless by her mate's
death, met this attack with a savage
determination that sont sever al away
yelping, wounded severely, and
stretched others dead, while all hesi
tated to continue the fight
Turning once more to her dead com
pan ion she bestowed one loving caress
on his stiffened form and then faced
the mountain, and would have sprung
away had not the hunters, who had
feared to fire upon her before lost they
wound the dogi instead, here succeeded
in breaking one of her shoulders by a
single shot out of a score. She fell for
ward with aery and rolled over on the
yellow sands that drank her blood.
Once more the dogs attacked her, and
though she fought like a fury with
tooth and nail they mastered her.
Again and again she endeavored to
right herself, only to fail forward on
the broken bone, while her determined
foes tore at her limbs ami sought her
slender throat The huntera endeav
ored to call off the frantic hounds, but
they could not be induced to leave their
prey, to which they clung until the
beautiful wild creature lay dead and
mangled beside her mate. —Galena
(Mex.) Cor. of Philadelphia Times.
SWINDLING IS UNIVERSAL.
Bat li Generally Gets ft* Compensation
In Its Own Coin.
Each season has its peculiar swindles
too numerous to mention. In summer
the iceman, who is very far from being
a nice man, reaps his little harvest
The iceman's bills, even in July or
August, may be called a cold steaL In
winter the plumber challenges our ad
miration. Striet, honest and square
dealing is not obtained even in the ad
ministration of justice. A colored gen
tleman who adhered too closely to a
valuable dog, on which he had not even
a mortgage or builder's lien, got two
years at Sing Sing, while the average
boodle alderman gets a new trial, or an
acquittal. The man who steals a dol
lar is called a thief, while the man who
feloniously absorbs a million is called a
brilliant financier and so he is, but he
is simultaneously a thief, all the same.
However, there are compensations.
For instance, the alderman who boo.lles,
in turn is severely boodled by the legal
gentlemen who attended to his (the
boodler's) vindication. The merchant
who fines his clerks, and otherwise
robs them, is victimized by the fashion
able female kleptomaniac, who has
such taking ways. The American exile
in Canada has to pay a quarter for a
drink of whisky. The wealthy coal
dealer or the Wall-street broker inad
vertently visits a church fair, and
when he comes out he feels as bad as if
he had been interviewed by the Pull
man car porter. As a boodler, he is the
boss. Of all the boodlers he does the
biggest business on the smallest cap!
taL—Texas Sittings.
THE DUTY OF CONGRESS.
Measure* Se«M irjr to Democratic Fae
eens Next Year.
The great democratic majority in the
new house of representatives was
elected on the issue of tariff reform.
The people have sent these men to con
gress to make laws for the people's re
lief. If the people had had a chance
when this congress was chosen they
would have created a democratic sen
ate and a democratic executive. It
would then have been the duty of the
democratic house to frame and pass a
general bill, carefully considered in all
its parts, for the reform and recon
struction of the tariff law upon just
principles and in accordance with thp
requirements of the public welfare.
Such a bill, in such a case, could have
been made law.
But the people had no chance to do
this. The senate remains republican
by virtue of its deliberate packing, and
a republican president has the veto
power. No general tariff bill framed
to fit broad conceptions of tariff reform
is likely to become law while these
conditions exist.
But the fact does not relieve the
democratic house of representatives of
its duty. It was elected to give to the
people the fullest measure of relief
that is possible under existing condi
tions. Its imperative duty is to do this
in the most practical and practicable
way it can devise, and not merely to
frame ideal bills which are certain of
defeat in the senate. It may wisely,
perhans, frame and pass a general bill
as a declaration and protest, but it
should also do something for the actual
relief of the people.
The practical way under the circum
stances is the detailed way. Congress
should pass a bill to put binding twine
on the free list, with no encumbering
provision. The senate would not ven
ture to defeat that, though it would
pretty certainly defeat a comprehen
jive tariff-reform bill of democratic
construction including that provision.
It should pass another bill making the
raw material of iron manufacture
free: another doing the same, or some'
thing like .t for the woolen-cloth tnak
ers another repealing those extra du
ties on woolen cloths which were im
posed avowedly as compensation to
the manufacturers for the duty on
raw materials, and perhaps some oth
ers.
If bills of this kind are passed by the
house the senate will pretty certainly
accept them. The republican majority
there is small and is difficult to hold
together for high protection even when
a comprehensive bill is under consider
ation. It could not be held together in
opposition to measures of relief like
these, involving the vital interests of
the northwestern farmers in the one
case, of New England manufacturers
and their workmen in another and
of the great mass of the people in oth
ers.
The senate would almost certainly
pass such bills and the president would
sign them. To do otherwise would be
to invite defeat in next year's election,
with the certainty that the invitation
would be accepted.
Is it not the perfectly clear duty of
the house of representatives this year
—whatever it may do in the matter of
a general bill—to seek in practical
ways the accomplishment of the pur
poses for which it was elected? Is not
that also the wisest political poU^i'
N. Y. World.
BLAINE'S POSITION*
The
Omm
of Plot as I'layed by
lican Oauiestera.
The position of Hon. James G. Blaine
a* constructively an aspirant for the
republican nomination for president
next year, while at the same time sec
retary of state under* President Harri
son, who is an avowed candidate for re
nomination. is so anomalous that there
is reason to believe Mr. Blaine must
soon announce the abandonment of his
ambition or the resignation of his cab
inet office.
The Blaine movement already under
way in several states is avowedly an
anti- Harrison movement. In the state
of New York it is engineered by the
Warner Miller opposition to Thomas
C. Piatt's control of the party, which
has been made absolute by federal pat
ronage. This opposition has already
taken form in the organization of
Blaiue clubs, a work in which Hon.
James J. Belden appears to be the
prime mover. In Pennsylvania Sena
tor Quay has already carried through
his plot for conventions in early Jan
nary in Philadelphia to forestall the
work of the Harrison officeholders, and
Indiana the anti-Ilarrison men have
well-laid plans to capture the delega
tion from that state for Blaine as a
marked humiliation to the national ad
ministration. In brief, wherever
throughout the country there is to be
found a republican disgusted with
Harrison there is to be found a vocif
erous Blaine shouter.
Ordinary political decency, of course,
forbids the secretary of state to hold
his present position in politics to the
end of the month. If he is to lead the
revolt against the head of the adminis
tration, courtesy to his chief requires
that he tender forthwith his resigna
tion to the president But, on the
other hand, if he does not intend to be
a candidate for the nomination next
year, it is equally a duty to the presi
dent to announce that fact and put an
end to the use of his name at an anti
llarrisou rallying cry. The ways of
Blaine, however, have always been
devious, and as the situation demands
a frank statement from him, which
almost any other man in public life
under like conditions would hasten to
make, that probably is the last thing
to be expected from Mr. Blaine.—Al
baity Argus.
RECIPROCITY^AND THE 2. O. P.
Blaine'a Jingo Policy or Free Trade on
the Half Shell.
Just now the republican organs are
teeming with such sentiments as these
"Ring out the joyous praise of protec
tion's honest reign. Reciprocity is the
watch-word for the ninety-two cam
paign." "Protection is triumphant,
now on to reciprocity."
What is reciprocity but free trade
between the countries iaveived? The
PLUCK, PROGRESS, PERSEVEREANCE AND PATRIOTISM IN POLITICS.
VOL. XXX11I. NO. -WHOLE NO. 1C7R. CRESCO, HOWARD COUNTY, IOWA. Till RSDAY, DEC. 21,18f11 $1.00 PER YEAR.
name furnishes the definition and ex
plains the proposed policy. Kate Field
has happily defined Blaine's scheme ae
free trade on the half shell." It
simply says to the powers approached:
Throw your ports open to our com
merce and we will reciprocate. It goes
farther than the conservative demo
cratic doctrine of a tar ff for revenue
only, and yet the republicans who sing
the praises of reciprocity ring forth
their hallelujahs for the blessings of
protection. Great is McKinley for he
protects you! Great is Blaine for he
will make breaches in the Chinese wall
that has so long prevented your exer
cising the right of buying where you
can buy the cheapest! If you want
protection, we have all there is of it
If you want free trade, we'll give you
a piece of it. Such is the sophistry of
the situation.
There is a lack of accuracy in the
republican writers who are crediting
Blaine with first suggesting "recip
procity" as the name of his proposed
international policy. The magnetic
statesman no doubt read "The Rise of
Silas Lapham," by William D. How
ells, and without going further he
could have found there a suggestion of
both policy and name. Lapham, a man
of rugged honesty and with strong
common sense as the best accompani
ment for honesty, was lamenting the
fact that the home market was over
stocked with almost every commodity,
and especially with the mineral paint
which was his hoped-for means of
fortune. These were among his words
to his good wife and counselor: "They
say we can't expect to extend our com
merce under the high tariff system
we've got now, because there ain't any
sort of reciprocity on our side. We
want the other fellows to show all the
reciprocity and the English have the
bes,t of us every time."—Detroit Free
Press.
THE "BUTS" HAVE IT.
Blaine and Blarney Bad for liooaler
Ben.
It is pretty much the same story
throughout the republican camp—
President Harrison is a real good man,
but—
The buts all have the same termina
tion—their objective point is J. G.
Blaine, now reported by an enthusias
tic organ to be in the saddle. He was
not in the saddle during the war, pre
ferring gainful pursuits not disasso
ciated from army contracts to the
pride, pomp and peril of glorious war.
He never came nearer a pitched battle
than in 1884, when, though he had the
dashing soldier, John A. Logan, at his
back, he was routed, horse, foot and
substitutes. It was not until after the
war of the rebellion that the mighty
Blaine became a voracious devourer of
confederate brigadiers.
This dashing knight, without fear
after a batttle and without reproach if
timely illness intervenes to prevent
formal corroboration of accusation, is
now the great hero of all chevaliers ol
industry. As such he is the recipient
of the benefit of the buts.
One republican journal dearly lovea
the distinguished Hoosier, but prefert
Little Rock & Fort Smith anothei
cannot think sufficiently well of deat
Mr. Harrison, but the dashing burn
this-letter hero is so magnetic that Mr.
Harrison doesn't draw another thinks
well of the white house tenant but Mr.
Blaine is on the ground floor, and, in
his own graphic language.will prove no
deadhead in the enterprise anothei
would not have Mr. Harrison set aside,
but the secretary is now so well, so
entirely in a kind-regards-to-Mrs.-Fish
er humor, so affable and gushy, so pat
you- on- the-back- and- shake- you- with
both-hands popular that the carrying
of the banner must be intrusted to him
in a campaign calling lustily for re
cruits. So it runs—all Benjamin and
"buts," all Blaine and blarney.
It may be Blaine, it probably will be
Blaine at Minneapolis, but the "buts'
will only theu have begun. It will be
'84 over again with a vengeance.—Chi
cago Times.
POINTS AND OPINION*
When a billion congress spend*
so much money that there is nothing
left to pay experts to examine Phila
delphia national banks, what is to be
come of the hard earnings of the people
of Pennsylvania?—Louisville Courier
Journal.
—-The true fountain of youth has
been discovered by Mr. Blaine. The
manner in which he recovers his health
a few months before every republican
convention should make him an inter
esting study for the medical profession
—Chicago Times.
Mr. Harrison's message will be
his platform for next summer. Will
he try to heat McKinley as a protec
tionist or Blaine as a jug-handled
reciprocitist? Or will he continue to
advocate taxes for the American con
sumer and untaxed goods for the for
eigner?—N. Y. World
What exasperates the republican
press is that it sees the possibility of a
reapportionment of the assembly and
senatorial districts of the state next
year. It is yelling "stop thief!" in
order to protect itself in perpetuating
the crime of violating the constitution
by refusing the people honest repre
sentation in the legislature. —Buffalo
Times.
The republican party regards
"reciprocity" as the trump card in its
hand to be played in the presidential
campaign. The republican party of
fers reciprocity with a half-dozen or so
countries. But the democratic party
offers to the people reciprocity with all
couutries. Judging from the result of
the last two elections, the democratic
card is the commanding one. —Balti
more Sun.
Republican organs admit that
Mr. Crisp will treat his political op
ponents fairly. In this he will prove
his title to the name "democrat" By
it he will also emphasize the difference
between a gentleman and a boor in the
speaker's chair. He will not look in
the direction of the house barber-shop
when he wishes to count a quorum
Perhaps he may forget to see Mr. Reed
at times. But if he should fail in this
direction the country will make al!
Jnwa jplain Dealer1
IN WOMAN'S BEHALF.
THE WIFE'S ALLOWANCE.
She Should Be Treated Either an a
ner or an Kmpluye In the Hnnwe.
This question is often asked: "Is a
man's wife to be regarded, on the busi
ness side, as a partner with individual
rights as well as joint liabilities: as a
salaried official, acting under orders,
and with little or no responsibility or
as a mendicant? In one or the other of
these positions a wife must necessarily
stand, and it is just as well that it
should be clearly understood from the
outset which of them she is to till.
Asa partner in the domestic firm she
must have an equal right to draw her
share of the profits, even though the
other partner keeps the books and has
the money passing through his hands.
The partner in a business firm,
through whose hands the money passes
does not claim any superiority over his
fellow who actively superintends the
manufactures from which the cash re
sults. He does not, merely because he
handles the money, talk of giving his
partner what be pays him he knows
that the money belongs to his partner
as much as to himself.
This is surely the way in which the
marriage partnership ought to be view
ed, from the business standpoint In
the great majority of cases the wife
works as hard as the husband, though
in a different way. Her management
of the household and the children, if
properly done, is usually to be set
against his work at his place of busi
ness—it is equally essential to the mar
riage partnership and though there
are exceptions, the normal state of
things is for the wife to be as hard
worked at home as is her husband
abroad, and. therefore, to be entitled to
equality in the profit* of the partner
ship.
Supposing, however, the husband is
not to be convinced of the strict justice
of this theory, the wife has a strong
plea in reserve.
"If I am not a partner," she may fair
ly say, "I have a just right to be re
garded as an employe. If I am not a
partner, I at least render certaie serv
ices to the household and I claim as
my right whatever compensation would
be paid to any third person for the
same services. Put it as a matter of
equal partnership or of employment
whichever you please, only do not evade
the obligations of both."
This, at least, is reasonable if the
wife is simply an official, let her be
paid as such, and let her call what she
receives her own. Whether as house
keeper, governess, or cook, a wife
saves for her husband, but the savings
belong to her, not to him.
"When my wife asks me for money,
I give it her," says one husband. We
don't question his perfect willingness
to do so for one moment, but why
should the wife ask for what is already
her due? A man who earns his living
likes to feel that at a certain fixed time
his wages will be absolutely his: he
will not have to ask. and his employer
can entertain no feeling of "giving."
Only long and patient observation
can enable any mere man to under
stand the continual nnd unjust humili
ation suffered by multitudes of admira
ble women—the pinching and contriv
ing and patient enduring they will un
dergo—because of this perpetual ordeal
of "asking" their husbands for money.
The husband may be the best naturcd
man living the wife may know that
asking means receiving but that which
annoys her is the asking itself.
In many .ases the money is paid
without it I know, as an allowance
but in that case tha word is still one
whicH implies a favor given and re
ceived it is not an "allowance," p-op
crly speaking,but is simply her share of
the income, if you regard her as a part
ner or her salary, if you view her as
an employe.
A woman needs this sense of inde
pendence. At present there exists an
•mount of soreness and chafing and
secret unhappiness in the hearts of ap
parently happy wives which could be
instantly removed by the certa nty of
even a very small income which they
could call their own.
In no case should a wife be made a
mendicant A wife and mother, highly
honored by all who knew her, was
heard to declare that she would never
consent to the marriage of her daugh
ters without a definite understanding
that whatever money they were to
have from their husbands should be
paid them regularly at stated times.
And she added: "No man can possibly
understand how a sensitive woman
shrinks from asking for money if I
can help it, my daughters shall never
have K ask for it"—Vienna (Austria)
News.
AS DEPOSITORS.
Boer Kew York Women Manage Tfceiff Af
faire at the Bank.
About 20.000 women in New York
city have bank accounts. Their num
ber has almost doubled within two
years, and the ratio of increase is still
very great There are now at least
two banks in that city that are virtual
ly women's banks. They are not sav
ings banks, either, but regular banks
of deposit, and what is more they are
among the best paying financial insti
tutions in town. There are nearly 10,
000 women depositors in these two
places alone, and women's trade is
solicited by them to such an extent that
every posssible facility is afforded them
for transacting their business. They
are both on Fifth avenue, the Second
National in the Fifth Avenue hotel
building and the Fifth Avenue bank at
the corner of Forty-fourth street Be
sides these the Madison Square, the
Sixth National, the Garfield and all the
llurlem banl:* have women depositors
and are glad to get them. The Fifth
Avenue has. however, gone further to
secure this trade than any of the
others. Its counting-room is modeled
after that of the new savings banks,
with a counter in the center of the
room, and windows on each side. One
Bet of windows is for men, the other for
women. Two full sets of paying and
receiving tellers and individual book
keepers are employed, QUO for each of
the -exes. Once every day they send
to the sub-treasury and buy
a
large
quantity of brand new bills, so that
when a woman presents a check she
will be paid in crisp money fresh from
the mint. S. I. Frissell, president of
the Fiftl. Avenue bank, says of his
women depositors:
"I find them much mora careful in
that respect than men are apt to be.
They sometimes make mistakes, of
course, but they are not so liable to
overdraw purposely and take chances
on making it good before the check
gets here as men are. They are very
quick to learn the process of depositing
and checking out money, and seldom
have to be told the same thing twice.
Many of our female customers have
large accounts and keep handsome bal*
ances with us, and there are also many
who keep an account for household ex
penses, The latter accounts swell up
at the first of each month, and as a rule
dwindle gradually down toward the
last, but the depositor generally man
ages to add something to her balance
each month until quite a snug sum is
laid away for a rainy day. The custom
is growing among men of moderate
means to give their wives a stated sum
for pin money and household expenses.
This goes into the bank nowadays,
whereas it used to go into the bureau
drawer. Women can save money bet
ter than men, and many a poor fellow,
when he thought he had reached the
end of his financial tether, has been
agreeably surprised by his wife's bank
account and helped out of a very tight
pinch. Other men of improvident hab
its. but with good salaries, give every
dollar they earn to their wives as soon
as they get it These men always ben
efit by it for when it comes to close
financiering in the humble, everyday
walks of life, the women are away
ahead of us."—Springfield (Mass.) Re
publican.
HANDLING BOOKS OF GOLD.
Putting l'p of (old Leaf In Hands of
One Woman of Oroveland, Maes.
Groveland has an industry that few
are conversant with, says the West
Newbury Messenger. It is the prepara
tion and booking of gold leaf of divers
shapes, sizes and qualities.
The smelting, rolling and beating
operations are done in Boston by E. C.
Ellis, of Province, Ct., the leaf leing
boxed and sent out by express to Miss
Mary Hersey, who completes the oper
ation.
Hundreds of thousands of dollars'
worth of the valuable material have
her deft fingers handled, and it is inter
esting to watch the rapidity and deli
cacy with wich she manipulates the
flimsy stuff.
\Ilow do you handle those bits of
nothing?" was asked her.
"I am assisted greatly by these long,
delicate boxwood tweezers in picking
up and handling the sheets, and by my
trained breath in laying them even on
a smooth surface. A woman's tongue
does not come into play in this case,
but her breath does, and it requires a
world of patience and practice to ac
quire the knack.
"Sheets are cut to accurate form and
size by a light little instrument called
a wagon, the cutting surfaces of which
are made of reeds. Finally the leaf is
placed in small books, say of 25 leaves,
which have previously been prepared
with red ochre, and in that form dry
pressed in a warm atmosphere."
One hundred and twenty thousand
leaves were used on the dome of the
state house in Boston, and although it
measures in thickness but the smallest
fraction of an inch, it represents a
money value that is considerable,
ton Globe.
A Colored Woman's Work.
Mrs. Carrie L. Steele, a colored wo
man, has founded a home for orphan
children of her race at Atlanta. Ga.,
and has just succeeded in raising $:,000
of $5,003 needed to complete and fur*
nish the building. Mrs. Steele is about
fifty years of age. and since beginning
her work for orphans has learned to
read and write. She now has twenty
four children in charga. All the labor
of the home is done by friendless old
people who find a refuge there she has
a garden which supplies the table and
aids in making the home self-sustain
ing and a day school and Sunday-school
have been started
IN WOMAN'S WAY.
GitACE M. THOMAS is said to be the
only woman real estate agent in Wash
ington. She has had tolerable success
during the year she has been in busi
nesa.
ONE of the best raining experts of Ar
izona is Nellie Cashman. a tall, dark
eyed young woman less than SO. She
is known all over the state as a most
reliable worker.
MRS. M. H. HUH,INS, of Washington,
has been engaged by the native women
of Ceylon as director of their society for
the promotion of women's education.
She gives her services, receiving only
her expenses as remuneration.
IN spite of the slurs cast upon the
housewifely knowledge of literary and
society women, there are many of them
who, if popular report be true, look as
well to the ways of their households as
any Marthas who do nothing else.
Among those who have a practical
knowledge of cookery and housekeep
ing may be mentioned Mra Burton
Harrison, Mra Van Rensselaer Cruger,
Mra W. C. Whitney. Mrs. Levi P. Mor
ton, Mra Chauncy M. Depcw and Mra
Cyrus W. Field.
THE Silver Cross club is a new enter
prise in which some New York women
are interested. The club proposes to
reach out to all self-supporting women,
and the aim is to be helpful to each
other in a practical way. They pro
pose to co-operate in purchasing the
necessaries of life for one thing. They
will conduct a bureau of information
whose business it will be to find em
ployment for women. They will con
duct women who are strangers in the
city to respectacle boarding places
within the limits of their purse. The
expenses of the club are to be met
through the duea The latter will be
a nominal sun per year. Lui)j Ver
d^ry-Battejr U the Ptum. er of the
eiufc
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
—The Methodists are jubilant over
the fact that their missionary society ii
free from debt for the first time in
twenty-five years.
—Rigid examination of the applicant*
for certificates to teach In Willis, Tex.,
has resulted In the idleness of half the
schools of the county.
—Railway schools for children of
railway employes are maintained by
the railway companies in India, at
a
very small expense to the pupils.
—A census of church goers in Liver
pool shows a falling off in ten years,
though churches providing 18,000 new
sittings have been built in that time.
—There is at Baltimore, Ireland,
a
fishing school where boys receive in*
struction in all branches of a sea fisher*
man's work, and in such allied indus
tries as net-making, boat-building,
cooperage and sail-making.
—Spencer Trask, of Brooklyn, gives
to Princeton $10,000, the interest upon
which is to be used in securing at
Princeton the presence of men distin
guished in art and letters. Sir Edwin
Arnold will inaugurate the series of
lectures.
—A project for the introduction of a*
university course in Boston's public
tchool system is before the Boston
board of aldermen. It provides that
the course shall be free to such scholars
ss exhibit the necessary proficiency,
snd that all the expense of it shall be
borne by the city. It is not unlike edu
:ational schemes that exist in France
and Germany.
—The Modern Language club is per
haps the youngest but by no means the
least, important organization at Yale.
It was formed through the efforts of
Prof. Gruener, and has for its ob
ject the convention of persons inter
ested in the study of modern languages.
Yale men and male residents of New
Haven interested in such work are
eligible to membership.
—Bishop Brooks, of Massachusetts,
it appears, has had more predecessors
than any other bishop in America. It
!B Said that the Catholic Bishop Eric, of
Greenland, resigned his see in that
sountry in the year 1121 to come to
the Norse settlement at Boston and
minister to the people, who were Cath
olics, and of considerable number. Other
priests and missionaries followed him
long before Christopher Columbus saw
America.
—According to the jourual of the pro*
seedings of the Thirteenth general
jouncil of the Reformed Episcopal
thurch, recently issued by Mr. Charley
D. Kellogg, its efficient secretary, the
Dresent status of the church is: Par
ches and missions, 111 communicants,
1,969 bishops and clergy, 115 Sunday*
ichool teachers and scholars, 12,820
Sunday-school contributions, 910,467
total contributions for one year, S192,
187 total value of property and endow
ments, tl.j54.71S.
—Prince Damrong, the brother of the
king of Siam.whois at present in Paris,
lays he thinks the missionaries in hia
country put the cart before the horse.
They begin, he says, by preaching that
ill the Siamese know and all their be*
ief in buddhism are entirely false, and
:hat the only truth ia the faith which
ihey profound. Then, after prejudicing
ihe people against them in this way,
ihey establish schools and do some good
ivork. He thinks they ought to begin
by opening schools and performing
ther helpful' service which the people
ran appreciate, and then enlighten the
ublic as to their tenets and while ex
plaining their faith they should not ut
terly condemn buddhism, but should
leach what is good in Christianity with
ut condemning what is good in the
aative faith.
FAMOUS BEAUTY AT NINETY.
ue Wonderful Countenance and Charac
ter of the Mother of Bartholdl.
The late Mme. Bartholdi was no ordi
nary person, and on her niutieth birth
lay she looked so full of life and
teamed so with mental vigor and
heartiness that it was a wonder she did
lot live to a hundred. She was left
a
widow early, and devoted herself to the
tducation of her sons and the steward*
ihip of their paternal properties, which,'
inder her management, were increased
io fortunes. Though so well endowed
with the money-making faculty she
svaa a person of generous disposition
tnd given to hospitality.
In youth she was reputed to be the
handsomest girl in Alsace. As an old
woman she was more than handsome.
The pure outlines remained, and the fire
the kindest, quickest and most lam
bent eyes imaginable was never
quenched so long as life remained. The
ion must have had her in his head as he
remembered her in her younger days
when he was sketching the design of
the colossal statue of "Liberty Enlight
ening the World."
It was her idea that Liberty should
not be en pate de guimauve, but of
a
jrave and severe aspect Liberty was
the best of all conditions, she used to
iay, for those who were severe upon
themselves, and the worst for the self
indulgent One never ssw a trace of
self-righteous harshness in the old lady.
She was very indulgent toward the
erring but that grace, she H*id, came
with the wide experience of old age.
It waa a source of enjoyment to her
to drive to the isle of Swans, in the
Seine, and look at the reduced copy
which was set up there a few years age
of the famous statue which now standi
at the entrance of New York harbor.
One of her sayings was: "Do not re
press badness crowd it with good
ideaa."—London Truth.
Seasonable Progress.
Detective (to Chief)—Somebody has
killed a woman and two children in a
house on Mulberry street.
Chief—Have you any clue to the mur
derer?
Detective—^o but I have the house
located all right—Puck.
Kot that Kind of an Expert.
Dr. Kmdee—My man, you are sadly in
need of change.
Hardup—Yes but I called you as
medical, not finanoial expert—

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