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I(}ate Cilv Special Service.] SAINT PAUL, Feb. 27.—"Kindness, judgment and common sense count for much, but if we didn't havo the wonderful keenness, intelligence and shrewd assistance of the horses themselves, training, fire horses would be a heart-breaking job." This is Captain Duncan Ferguson's verdict, af ter twenty-four years -of continuous work breaking in horses for the Saint Paul fire department. He believes -that, the best trainer for tue colt that aspires lo become wheel horse for olio of the big engines, is the wise old leader of the team, who sometimes knows more about whut a fire horse ought to know hikI in the Saint Paul department horses that a man is glad to claim as friends. But some of our very best firemen are the four-footed kind, with glossy coats and flowing manes, and minds! Well, 1 want to tell you what some of these uiorscs know would astonish a college professor. Every team has a leader, a horse which from the start, by some sub conscious knowledge of his superior ability, iutell\genceor superiority dom- 'W jK It-ll feiSfel .tf. X' it [of bis engine, I think tlicy know al most as much as we do. Every live man loves a horse, but a man who 'lives and works as we do, depending I upon them every day, working Willi 1 do than even the firemen themselves. "Wouldn't have thought it would you?" Captain Ferguson inquired as he settled down for a smoke and a quiet talk. "Its true though. We have some of the finest liorses in the world inates the rest, and rules them even to bought in late coltbopd. for they nn.st ihe point of tyranny, if a raw recruit falls to 'toe the mark,' if he fails even so much as a hair's breadth in hi- ma chine-like co-operation—'team-work,' those football fellows call it—be bears from the 'boss' instantly. 'The 'boss' tbeni year after year and throig'i main a hard night's work, com^s to fool an insertion tor them which :il most parallels a man's love for a ood and tried friend. "Horses. like luinians, have distinc tive character, temperament and apt ness. Some are like bright children, nuick to learn and ready to abs rb new ideas. After these years of ob servation I am the opinion Lhat tae wonderful proficiency of our horses— their 'professional ability'—conies however, not so much from native in telligence as from extraordinary im itative abilit It is hard to draw the line, but it seems to me that, they learn their habits of work, their alert ness in action, from watching and following the leaders more than from reason. That's why I say that 'lie big leader of the. team is a better trainer than any human. But .vlvu can a man say'for the leaders? Some times I think the good Lord :,avc them brains he had left over from the job of making human-kind." The purchase of horses for the Saint Paul department, which is noted for I its high state of efficiency, follows a careful system, gradually perfected through years of wink. Horses are gently touches him with his mose for them. The new horse is examined and if a polite hint does not bring re- and tested by the department's veter sults there la "»var immediately. In inary surgeon and his first experience a flash the boss shows by blazing eye, |jB quivering nostrils and angry stamping service, to test his lungs and gauge of bis feet that he must be obeyed, and few green horses have the nerve to contest the point. "It is hard to tell how much a horse knows. Sonietini- I think they understand human speech. Some limes, when the alertness, coolness or nerve of some splendid leader has sav ed a costly engine from wreck, and perhaps a nervy driver from being You nnnrtt wan•: Jk lou do not want common Flour You do want Well Order it that's WASHBURN-CROSBY CO. TWENTY-FOUR YEARS WITH FIRE DEPARTMENT HORSES "SAM AND NIGGER" AND "TOM AND JERRY," TWO OF THE FINEST TEAMS OF THE WEST. young and strong when they enter the department. High spirited ani mals. often too fractious for any other purpose, are always selected. They make the best material and experienc ed dealers are always on the lookout a mile run beside a veteran in the his powers. Horses of the average weight of 1,400 pounds are selected and each is expected to draw twice his weight. "When a horse is purchased," Capt. Ferguson continued, "he is sent to one of the engine houses for prelim inary training under the captain in charge. First a fire alarm is sounded oanaBB .'".i on the gong, and the horse is led from I his stall to his place under the sus pended harness of his engine. TMie I process is repeated many times and in three or four days he learns that I the gong means action and joins with his team mates in a rush for Ciis place. The team mates I then take up the work and the novice readily learns that in Rome he must I do as ^.e Romans do. We never use the whip. To strike a horse some times ruins him entlrely, "The frenzied mixture of men and horses in a station house when aa alarm comes in is sometimes a tear ful thing. It seems almost a miricie that men are not trampled under Toot. The teams are crazy with excitement, but. someaow they never seem to loose their head. Their habitual con sideration for man is always ther-i. The novice knows his place and takea it in a flash. He is learning his bu BOB AND TOM," WISEST MEMBERS OF THE SAINT PAUL SQUADRON. ness, and has the child desire to do the task well, and receive his reward in the caress of his driver and the lit tle attentions of the men in the sta tion. Horses love to be petted and shown attention. In this too they are like children. "I have seen men. roused in the middle of the night, come sliding down the pole half dressed and fall under the hoofs of the splendid ani mals charging from their stalls to their places in front of truck or en gine. but I have never seen a man trampled. The liorses see him instant ly and a dozen times 1 have seen them leaj) clear of the body without in flicting the slightest injury. Some times I have seen a horse take his place and stamp angrily at the men as if to criticize them for their slowness in getting his harnes on. Few .nen know all about a horse. We cannr.t givp him credit often for all he Is an 1 all he knows "1 like the plan of giving the lire horses a vacation. The horses :,vc laid off two full weeks In the year, tak en away irom tne cities and turned out in some green picture to loaf and forget business cares. Their outing in the country does them a world of good and It pays in better service and "V/r*. ... -"i v.VK.w'-V, The Daily date City better efficiency while they are on duty. "The perio' of active scrvice is not long. Twelve years will usually ie tire a horse. Sometimes they laBt longer and our record Is brave old Jumbo, now dead, who drew his en gine for nineteen years. During the closing years^of his service he was totally blind, but still strong and pow erful, and at the call the good old veteran would take his place and join the furious run to the fire, trusting with implicit faith to the skill of his driver to keep him out wreck and collision. 'Bob,' one of the finest horses that ever lived, is now the veteran in the Saint Paul service. He served four teen years on the truck at the central station but has been transferred to lighter duty in one of the park su burbs. And foxy! All his life he has been a manager. He has whipped a whole squadron of recruits into line. When management counts, he is there 'with all four feet' so to speak. But when it comes to hea\iy hauling, he almost winks as he gently slides back and lets his mate do the work. That's what I call shrewdness. 'Tom.' a splendid big black fel low, is the off horse of the pole team on hook and ladder No. 2. He is the oldest and shrewdest of the team, and seems to always have a sense of responsibility that the others lack. His morals are of the best except for one big black blot. "He will steal and we can't break him of it. "When meal time comes and 'ie goes back to his stall where he knows there is always a generous ration, ha always gets there first and If we don't watch him. we will find him purloin ing a mouthful each from the stalls of his team-mates. He is a 1,500 pound horse and only hig magnificent record as a fire fighter and trainer of other horses saves him from Indictment larceny. "Sam and Nigger are the a tor olde3t team in the service and have been mates for fifteen years. They are black as jet and not a day since 1S93 has Nigger i-een off duty. Sam's rec ord for continuous service was marred by one slight sickncss. The crack team of the department is Tom and Jerry, bay engine '-irses now serving at station house 12 in the center of the big wholesale district. They are powerful animals, exceptionally intel ligent and keen and have done magni ficent work since they came into the department a year or two ago. "I love our horses almost in the same way that I love children. They have so many of tne children's traits, and not the least is their love for sweets, lump of sugar from the right man—they 'make up' to some people and not to others just as dogs do—wins their affections quicker than anything else. There is a Saint Paul railway official who has a special fond ness for some of our animals and not the least of his annual expenses is the appropriation for lump sugar which he daily feeds to some of his engine house pets." Hail the Mule! Nauvoo Rustlor: The mule |s sure revenue bringer these ilavs. At a recent, sale rt Tallala. Ill,, eighty of these animals were sold for a total of $iR,fioo—the prices ranging from $L'o0 to |580 a span. Reason Enthroned. Because meatJ are so tasty thev are consumed in great cxcefis. This leads to stomach troubles, biliousness and constipation. Revise your diet, let reason and nc a pampered appetite control, then take a few doses of Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tab lots and you will soon be well again. Try it. For sale at Wilkinson & Co.'s Pharmacy and J. F. Kiedalsih & Son's drug store. Sr.mples free. SOCIAL SEASON AT CARTHAOEi No Dearth of Entertainments at Car thage this Season, and the Winter Has Proved One of Pleasure and Profit, BASKET BALL GAMES Two Basket Ball Games Being Played at Carthage Today. Keokuk High School Roys Team Engaged With the Carthage Boys. [Gate City Special Ser. ice.] CARTHAGE, 111., Feb. 27—Carth age is having many pleasing social events this season, and amusements are of a character that all find pleas ure in. The electric theatre is crowd ed to the doors almost nightly, and the class of pictures and illustrated songs are the best and worthy the fine pat ronage which is being accorded the little theatre. Three evenings each week roller skating is enjoyed, and this form of amusement Is very popu lar here, as elsewhere this season. The rink is under splendid manage ment. the floor is a good one and the best of order is maintained at all times, there being none but pleasur able features connected with this amusement place. 'J.tgm 1 Sophomore Play. The Sophomore class of the college presented "Just out of College" at the Opera House Tuesday evening, and the large audience was entertained in a most approved manner unusually meritorious, the participants showing themselves possessed or considerable dramatic talent, and having been most carefully drilled for their re spective parts. Poultry Association. l- A meeting of the Hancock county I poultry association is to be held Wed-| nesdav, March 3rd at the cou: house at which time matters pertaining to I the interest of the association will be! discussed. A- large turnout of the! members is expected. Annual Concert. The High School students will givej their annual musical entertainment on April 16. These entertainments.' are events that are looked forword to (with a great deal of enthusiasm, and' the one of this spring will prove no I disappointment, as there is some Jal ileiit among the students. Basket Ball.iSi^M Two games of basket ball are being played in Carthage this afternoon. The Carthage High School girls are playing the High School girls from Pittsfleld, Illinois, while the High school boys are engaged in a warm battle with Keokuk High school boys. A great deal of moving of household goods is taking place, the first of March being the accustomed time for renters to take possession of their farms. The roads are Improving and quite a considerable num-ber of farmers were In town Friday. The business men expect a lively trade today. The interest in the Gate City sub scription contest is reaching fever heat and scores of people are anxiously awaiting the standing which is to be published in Monday's Gate City. Elderly people cannot afford to trifle with their health. It constipated or dyspeptic take Dr. Caldwell's Syrup I Pepstn.*There are 60 cent and $1 bot- I ties. All druioylst.s sell it. Status of the Water Power Projcct. Carthage Gazette: We understand the project to build a dam across the Mississippi river between Keo kuk and Hamilton is not dead by any means, that contracts for power are being made and that enough power Is already disposed of to make the venture a financial success. Accord ing to our understanding by the pro visions the franchise granted the com pany by the government expires in side another year unless actual work is commenced and as this is loo val-| uable a franchise to let get away: through default of FRUIT Paw-Paw is a fruit that grows in most tropical countries and is regarded by physicians as the greatest digestive known. In fact, it is the only vegetable pepsin yet discovered. Its action upon the liver and stomach is truly wonder ful. Having combined this natural remedy with other medicants. 1 assert that I am giving to the world the greatest stomach, liver and blood remedy known to mankind. •Munyon's Paw-Paw Pills are unlike ail other laxatives or cathartics. Thev coax the liver into activity bv gentle methods. They do not scour: they do ?t« n°t 'I? -'.IT /cotnp?iance with tys provisions, we are of the opinion that substantial developments will soon be in evidence, and this belief is fiiTtheri strengthened by information that the offices of the company which, since1 its organization, have been located in I New York City, will be moved to! Keokuk early in the spring. Oct ft bo* of Stearns' Eleoirio RATandROAOH Paste 2^IaHt*®(5 to exterminate cockroaches, rats, mice, waterbucs. etc. or money refunded. 'k5* it.0®. Sold everywhere or setii express prepaid oo receipt ot price. STEARNS'ELECTRIC PASTE CO., CHICAGO, ILL weaken: hut they do start all the secretions of the ,Lr fiT 8tomaoh in way that soon nuts these organs in a liealthv condi tion and corrects constipation. In mv opinion conation is responsible for most ailments There are thirtv-two reet of human bowels, which is reallv nlnrMwJ" f""p- this pipe becomes clqeeed. the whole system becomes poisoned, causmg biliousness, indiges- v. nep(1 FRIDAY, FEB. 26, 1909. CONSTIPATION MUNYONS paw-paw PILLS tioti MONEY BACK m'ls and are not perfectlv satisfied with the results, I will refund your money. m"dicarndvice. Munyon's Homoeopathic Homo Remedy Company Fiftvtklrd and JeffarMn Streets, Philadelphia r-SL^E»cJpF SUNSHINE Where winter's stress is never known and every day is one of balmy airs and sunshine. The "Sunshine Route" to Loi Angeles, Santa Barbara and San Francisco is via El Paso-the most southerly and lowest altitude line—the warm way in winter S&i'TsiSiiJj IJa.lj iiom kjdon^ Iowa. L\Cry convenience tlid e&nifort. No excess fare. Ask about, low one way rates during March and April.^" •et me send you our beautifully Illustrated book describing ti'Un and trip. Address \t 11 T. R. BOARD, Tkt. Agent, Keokuk, la. J, W. STEIGER OFFICE HOME TELEPHONE NO. 200, all kinds. Established mi 1 "10vlnK Htreet. Hub. Phl !!. residence, 453-B l0Wa PEPSIN and Impure blood, which oft Send for bear in minn that our physicians are at vonr service free. .n produces rheumatism and kidney &U ments. No woman who suffers with constipation or any liver ailment can expect to have a clear complexion or enjoy good health. If I had my way, I would prohibit the sale of nine tenths of the cathartics that are now being sold, for the reason that thev soon destroy the lining of the stomach, setting up serious forms of indigestion, ana so paralyze the bowels that thev refuse to act unless forced by strong purgatives. 6 Munyon's Paw-Paw Pills area tonir to the stomach, liver and nerves. They invigorate instead of weRkeninp: they enrich the blood instead of impoverish "J? p"ahle the stomach to get all the nonrishment from food that is put into it. These pills eon tain no calomel, no done, they are soothionr. li^nlin? Ami stimulating. THpv school the boweli to act without phvsic. MunyOn's Magazine Al manac, brimful of valuable informa tion. Sent free to any address, or can be had from most druggists. 1 V* iA a turnIture. phon®- rt READ THE DAILY GATE CITY «tc. Hauling ot at Ward Bro»" 626 °®ce 200-R Iowa phone.