Newspaper Page Text
Subscribers of The Daily Gate
City are served the full Leased
Wire Service of the United
VOL. 121. NO. 22.
[Seventy Members of Band and Babies in Arms,
Not Included in the Over Allowance of
,sf. People Crowded on the Eastland.
[United Press Leased Wire Service!]
CHICAGO, July 27.—Sx inquiries
^fpn today to fix responsibility for
the Eastland disaster. The chief ques
tion, that was to be gone Into today
was bow many persons were on the
stumer when she turned ove$ while
I lying at her pier In the Chicago river.
These inquiries were:
Coroner Peter Hoffman's inquest/
State's Attorney Hoyne's connty
grand jnry investigation which begun
at o'clock, 100 witnesses having
Calling of witnesses by U. S. Dis
trict Attorney Clyne for special grand
iJ(U7 investigation expected to start
rtihpendent inquiry to be begun by
tarestlgstion by the government
ttsmboat inspection service, with
General Geo. Uhler, supervising iar
Inquiry by the harbors and wharves
committee of the city council.
Inquiry by the state public utilities
The, first intimation pf clash of
authority with so many Investigations
on foot simultaneously, came today
when Federal District Attorney Clyne'
got an order from Judge. L,ahdis re
quiring Chief of Police Healy to turn
over to him certain papers which were
to ha%e been used by State's Attorney
'Hoyne in fixing the blamp and in de
termining just how many persons were
on the Eastland.
Healy gave the papers up under pro
test, but later announced that he had
come to an agreement with the federal
authorities to have them returned
*«en needed by him.
One of the chief over-niight develop
ments, it became known today, was a
statement by Captain Pederson of the
oooniBhip. in which in the words of
State's Attorney Hoyne, he declared he
ould not be the goat."
"Captain Pedersen has come
through," said Hoyne today, Just be
fore he resumed his grand Jury probe.
He is not to be made the goat. He
Blven me evidence of utmost im
portance. Captain Pedersen admitted
me that the Eastland's capacity last
year was 2,200 persons. There were
least 2,500 persons on the boat. I
mi convinced there were many more."
since the license permitting 2.200
Wasengers on the Eastland, another
**8 issued which Captain Pedersen
mself told about today, according to
to advance alon
'•-.J3a'Oc coast, the Germans are
interior and are ra-
adv»« ,® "'action of'their original
vance, in order to attack the chief
^at runs from
of^!!,„C?.m,llnent of the Baltic plan
Bar* vL ILons
b®en made neces-
by the strong resistance the Rus
developing about Warsaw,
th« division of
that it is not
tarnwM,. i? d®ve*op too many slmnl
against the Slavs.
campaign was intended
crsatn confuse the Russians and
a.),, diversion" favorable to the
saw tT™!11 offensive against War
UrtmarUv however has been
HESTIGATiONS HAVE BEEN STARTED
[Over Eight Hundred Bodies Have Been Recover
ed and Possibly Five Hundred More
,f are Buried in the Ship's Hull.
a statement from Hoyne's office. This
statement quotes Pedersen as saying:
"It was In the latter part of June
last that I went to Robert Reid, fed
eral Inspector of hulls, and' got a new
license permitting the Eastland to
carry 2,500 passengers, excluding the
crew. Before I went to him, I was
told in advance that I would get what
I was after. Officials of the steamship*
company ordered me to go to Reid for
the new license."
Among the mass of alleged evidence
which Hoyne had on hand today were
2,550 ticket stubs, each one of which
represented "a whole person" on
board the Eastland. Some of the
crew, Hoyne Bald today, who were aid
ing in taking up tickets, admitted to
him. that the" seventy members of the
band went aboard withfrat tickets.
Through a letter explaining to West
ern Electric employed how charges
for the excursion would be made, it
was explained that babies in arms
would not be counted and that chil
dren between five and twelve years
would be counted as "half persons" in
charging for tickets.
Redfleld in Chicago.''
CHICAGO, July "27.—'"No official in
competence will be assumed and none
will be pardoned," was the sum total
of what Secretary of Commerce Red
field would say upon his arrival here
today to look. Into his department's
phase of the Eastland tragedy. Sec
retary RedOeld said he would confer
at once with federal authorities.
The secretary of commerce brought
no white wash brush with him to Chi
cago. Neither is he seeking for an
"Exact Justice is what I am asking,'
he said. "Surely that is proper."
"I wired Dlckerson N. Hoover, first
assistant supervising Inspector, that
'no official Incompetence was assume!
and that none would be pardoned.' I
stand exfectly on that wire."
None of the federal inspectors
greeted the secretary upon his ar
rival at the station. He arrived alone
and went alone to his hotel. He re
fused to divulge his plans for an in
vestigation beyond saying that It
would be thorough.
"The Eastland disaster was a ter
ribly unfortunate occurrence," he
The Law at Fault.
CHICAGO, 111.: July 27.—"The hand
(Continued on page 2.)
What the War Moves Mean
By J. W. T. Mason, Former European Man
ager of the United Press.
Leaaed Wire Service.
to press home the
"^rations against Warsaw, 1b causing
J®Portant change In the German
Baltic provinces. In-
There can be little doubt but that
the Germans expected Warsaw to fall
before this and In particular expected
Marshal Von MackenBen to make bet
ter progress than he bas been able ta
do. The ambitious project of over
whelming the entire Russian field
force as well as capturing the Poll6h
capital is now appearing to be too
mighty an undertaking even for the
Germans to accomplish. Warsaw may
fall, but there is no evidence that the
Slavs will be annihilated. Unques
tionably the Russian defensive power
was under-estimated at Berlin after
the success of the Galiclan drive. The
Germans were encouraged to hope that
another Sedan, on a far vaster scale,
might be won in the eastern war area.
But, if any prophesy is safe concern
ing the present Polish operations, it
is that the Grand Duke Nicholas will
save his armies even If he doesn't
After the present operations come
to an end. however, whether Warsaw
fan« or not, the offensive power of the
Russians will be destroyed for a long
.time to coma. .».
MF L'\\ -M
[United press Leased Wire arvlce]
HERRIN, 111., July 37.—Two hun
dred and seventy-five coal miners
are reported imprisoned In the East
mine at Christopher which was par
tially wrecked by an explosion at
ten o'clock this morning. -Several,
bodies, badly burned, have been
brought to the surface and It is be
lieved many of the imprisoned are
The first word of the explosion to
reach here was contained in a re
quest .that a mine rescue car station
ed here be rushed to Christopher.
Preparations were begun at once to
rush the equipment to the mine. The
message here said three hundred
miners were in the tunnels when the
8end for Rescue Car.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., July 27.—Fur
ther than the report that an explo
sion had occurred in a mitje near
Christopher and that the mine rescue
car stationed at Benton haS been
rushed to the scene, no details of
the disaster had been received by
the- local mine rescue station up to
Eight Killed Instantly.
CHRISTOPHER, HI., July 27.—An
explosion in the northwest entry of
Mine No. 1, at the United Coal Min
ing Co. jmlnes ,at 8:30- ,a. m. today,
killed eight men ojptrlght, burned
eight dtbertT prtlSfcMy fatally and in-jSr*?.
Jnred a score of others leas serious
The entry in which the explosion
happened is half a mile long and the
blast was felt the entire Ifength of
the tunnel. It originated near the cen
ter of the shaft.
Three of the bodies were so badly
burned they were almost unrecog
nizable. One of the dead expired In
Zeigler, III., where he had been tak
en by friends, to a physician. The
work of rescue was hurried by vir
tually all persons In town and adja
cent mining settlements who were
called In by officials of the com
pany. Injured miners were removed
to Improvised hospitals as soon as
they were brought to the surface.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
PARIS,* July 2 —For the first time
In several weeks, artillery duels along
the sand dunes of the Belgian seacoaat
(were reported in official dispatches to
The Germans shelled Furnes, be.
hind the French lines, with their long
range guns and bombarded Oost-Dun
klrk, a.famous seaside resort, hurling
shell all around the Grand Hotel of
During the night a German aero
plane dropped ftve bombs on Dunkirk,
doing no damage.
In retaliation for these attacks.
French heavy artillery bombarded
Westende and Middlekirk, held by the
Germane, for aeveral hours, with con
siderable effect. The German artillery
replied throughout yesterday and last
night the roar of big guna was heard
all along the seacoaat. scarcely any
fighting has occurred In the
last twelve hours. Th# French have
consolidated their positions at Line
kopf, by short charges and are main
taining their positions against all Ger
man counter attacks. Skirmishes have
occurred In the Argonfte.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
ROME, July 27.—An Austrian cruis
er and four destroyers today bombard
ed th Slnigaglia Peaaro railway, run
ning parallel to the Adriatic eeaooast
and shelled the town of Fano, midway
between Slnigaglia and Pesaro.
Two Austrian hydroplanes, accom
panying the attacking aquadron bom
barded Ancona, inflicting some dam
Fano, a noted Italian watering place
haa been bombarded by Austrian war
ships and aircraft on previous raids
on the Adriatic coaat. Ancona, one
the most itnportant Adriatic aea
ports, waa shelled by an Austrian fleet
early in the Au«tro-ltalian war.
-v A t.
KEOKUK, IOWA, TUESDAY, JULY 27, 1915
[United Press Leased 'Wire Service.]
LONDON, July 27*-~The White Star
liner Baltic from New York to Liver
pool was chased by a German aubma
*7 ne off Faatnet, according to stories
old by her passengers who arrived
here today. The Baltic put In at Liv
erpool yesterday afternoon. 8everal
passengers reported the Incident. They
said a British patrol boat sighted the
submersible and apparently gave
chaae. The submarine disappeared,
The submarine appeared Just before
dusk laat Friday night, the passengers
aald a British patrol boat alghted the
when first sighted.
The ship Immediately adopted a zlg
sagging course, they aald, the look
outa evidently having caught sight of
the German boat.
Most of the paasengers were at din
ner at the time, but several who were
on deck vouched for the story.
LOSSES TO DATE.
LONDON, July 27.—British losses
'in the war thus far, Including both her
military and naval forces, total 330,
995, Premier Aaqulth stated today In
a printed reply, to a query put to him
The figures for the army are com
plete to July 18, and show a total lots
in killed, wounded and missing of 321
889. The figures for the navy are
complete to July 20.
The heaviest losses suffered by the
army naturally, were in the fighting
In northern France and Flanders,
where the total losses were 11,254 of
fleers and 255,649 men. These losses
were divided as follows: Officers, 3,
288 killed 6,803 wounded and 1,163
missing men, 48,372 killed, 156,308
wounded and 50,969 missing.
The Dardanelles loases, Including
both land and naval forces total 49,
288 killed 6,803 wounded and 1,163
the aands of Galllpole ipenlnaula has
been aa furious as In any other battle
divided as follows: Officers, 5$7 kill
ed, 1,379 wounded and 198 missing
men, 7,767 killed, 28,635 wounded and
The army loases in all other thea
tres of the war, including particularly
the opecfltiona In German-8outhwest
Africa total 5,448, divided aa follQws.
Officers, 145 killed, 248 wounded and
22 missing men, 1,445 killed, 3,247
wounded and 641 missing.
The navy's loaees, exclusive of those
In the Dardanellea land operations are
divided as follows: Officers 499 killed,
87 wounded and 29 missing men, 7,-
(Contlnued on page 2.)
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
PETROGRAD, July 27.—Von Hln
denburg naa been halted and thrown
back in his attempt to drive the Rus
sians back upon the river Bug de
fenses north of Warsaw, the war of
fice announced in an official atate
ment early today.
"After a stubborn battle, enemy
forces who crossed the Narew south
of Rozan and were advancing south
ward toward the Bug, have been re
pulsed and driven back from Ozh to
Olsakl," said the official atatement.
(Olsakl is twelve miles north of the
Bug and represents an advance uf
"Southeast of the fortress of Pul
tusk, other forces of the enemy who
crossed the Narew, were repulsed at
the river Prout, (seven miles north of
the Bug.) All German attacks on the
Narew front in the laat twenty-fou
hours have been unsuccessful." Out
post fighting is occurring around Ivan
gorod and Novo Georgewiskt the two
fortresses guarding Warsaw. Energet
ic fighting continues between the Bug
and the Vistula with the Slavs main
taining their positions.
In the Courtland district the Ger
mans, evidently reinforced, are at.
tacking the Russian poaitiona along
the Baltlo. In the direction of Tukum
and Shlock, Russian warships steamed
close In and aided In repelling a Ger
ON THE BLACK SEA.
PETROGRAD, July 27.—Continuing
their campaign to sweep the Black sea
free of Turkish shipping and cut off I
supplies enroute for Constantinople,!
Russian Black sea warships have sunk!
forty small sailing vessels laden with]
coal In the last forty-eight hours, iti
was announced today.
Advices received here say that the1
plight of the Turks la growing desper
ate. By wrecking the coal docks »i
the Asia-Minor coast and destroying
coal carriers, the Russian fleet has
made it necessary to shut down many
Turkish factories and the railways
and ammunition works for lack of coal.
Travelers arriving at the Russian
frontier say it may be neceasary to
shut down the Constantinople water
STILL IN THE BOAT
Texas Factory 'Owner Who
Had Army Order, Had
Narrow Escape From
FRIGHTENED OUT OF IT
Declares He Will Make No More
Goods for the Allies Since
Attempt Was Made on
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
DALLAS, Texas, July 27.—Six men
had been rounded up at 7 a. m., in
connection with the unsuccessful at
tempt to bomb the home of President
J. D. Padgitt of the Padgitt Bros.
Saddlery Co., and the successful ex
plosion in the home of W. T. Moore,
a Padgitt saddle maker, which badly
injured him and slightly hurt his son
Frank J. Moore.
The authorities, however, had little
tangible evidence in the arrests. The
men were loiterers picked up by the
city wide searchers In the early morn
The elder Moore was reported at a
local hospital early today to be out
of danger and his son had been dis
charged soon after receiving slight
treatment. President Padgett explain
ed today that his company had been
working on a war ordor for the allies,
and he apparently believed the dyna
mite plot was directed at him and his
workers through German sympathiz
ers., In fact he had warning yester
day over the phone that an attempt
"made on hW llf£ and whlh'
be Intimated he knew of the source
of the warning, police thus far have
been unable to round up any tangible
The explosion in the Moore home
occurred late last night as the Moores
slept. The son was awakened by the
sputtering fuse and the smell of pow
der, just an instant before the bomb
went off with a roar, blowing both
people out of their beds. Onl? a heavy
mattress saved the father from more
serious injury than a crushed chest.
The room was wrecked.
The attempt at the Padgitt home
was frustrated by police vigllen^e.
They found two dynamite sticks with
fuse attached, which had failed to
That more than one man had a
part In the plot was evident from the
facts that warnings to Padgett came
from three different men.
The bomb, placed under the Padgitt
house, sleeping porch, it developed to
day, was directly beneath the cot of
two year old Caroline Padgitt, child of
Mr. and Mrs. K. D. Padgitt, Jr.
Padgitt senior announced today he
is done with making saddle etruipment
for the allies.
About a year ago," he said, "we
filled a big sub-contract for the Studo
baker company, of Fort Wayne, In
diana, and we had lately been work
ing on a smaller order. But we will
quit now. I don't know for what na
tion these goods were made, but I
Padgitt said his last warning came
about 10:50 last night.
You'd better look around under
your house before you go to bed," saM
a mysterious voice. "You're likely to
be blown up.
"Who is it?" asked Padgitt.
"It's the phone man," answered th3
voice, as the connection was shut off.
Police are combing the vicinity of
Moore's home in the heart of the Ger
man section of the city.
Sfcy Theory Exploded.
DALLAS, Texas, July 27.—Discard
ing the German spy theory, the police
today held on suspicion Wallace
Moore, son of W. T. Moore, saddle
maker, in whose house a bomb ex
ploded late last night. Injuring the el
der Moore and Frank Moore. Several
other suspects were released.
The police were firmly convinced
that the younger Moore is responsible
for the bomb outrage in the Moore
home and for the unsuccessful attempt
to blow up the home of Pr'sident
Padgitt of the Padgitt Saddlery com
pany, working on an allies war order.
According to the Information In the
hands of police there Is considerable
money in the Moore family and Wal
lace Moore, so-called "black sheep" of
the family, has been anxious to get a
share of it.
The Padgitt attempt was considered
a blind to cover the Moore case.
Wallace Moore had been discharged
from the Padgitt concern about a week
ago, but as far ss police could ascer
tain he held no particular grievance
against the company.
Despite the police conviction that
the son was responsible, a new and
startling element was injected into
the situation today when a mysteri-
(Continued on page 2.)
[By Carl W. Ackerma^ United Press
[Copyright 1815 by the United Press.]
[Copyrighted In Great Britain.]
BERLIN, (via The Hague), July 27.
—"Germany, In her reply to the Amer
ican note, must stand firm,"
Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs
Zimmerman today'' read me that
excerpt from a letter, one
of the many he and other
officials have received from Ger
man citizens, indicating that the peo
ple will not sanction the giving up of
Germany's submarine warfare.
"Firmness and courtesy are need
ed," the letter continued.
"Exactly," said Under Secretary
Zimmerman, tapping the desk before
him to emphasise his remark.
"Ba fut.uro Amer
ica and Germany look as dark as some
declare." he was asked.
"No." was the quick response. "In
this day and age it is possible for
two great nations to differ without
coming to a break. Germany will
never do anything to bring that about.
You can assure the American people
"Is an adjustment of the German
American controversy still possible?"
"We hope so," responded the under
secretary. "We tried our b^st in our
last note, but your government did not
accept our proposals.
"What we shall do next, is, of
course, undecided. We have not yet
discussed the note hero in the foreign
office. It will be some time before it
can be discussed fully in the govern-1
mental departments. But In all prob
ability wo Bhall answer In the man
ner that the writer of this letter calls
for when he says: 'Be firm!' We can
r.over give up submarine warfare. The
people would never sanction that."
Under Socretary Zimmerman asked
If public opinion In the United States
would sanction the last American
note. I answered that I bellevdh It
"Well you can see that the people
hero will back us up," he remarked,
I suggested that America only d?
sired to safeguard the lives of Ameri
can citizens on passenger ships.
"Germany tried to accomplish that
In her last note, but it was not ac
cepted," was the answer. I
How soon Germany will send her
reply, cannot at present be deterrom
ed, Under Secretary Zimmerman said.
"There is no hurry," he added.!
"Your president undoubtedly is the
figuro of greatest Importance In Amer
ica, but we In Germany have faced
GALVESTON, Texas, July 27.—
General Obregon's main Carranzista
army has combined with Jacinto Tra
vino's forces In a joint attack on Tor
reon and expect3 to take the city
without serious resistance, said an
official V"-a CTV cablerram todav.
The constitutionalist forces were re
ported at Villa Guadalupe on the
Mexico City outskirts awaiting Car
ranza's orders to reoccupy the capi
General Natera has defeated Villa,
Showers tonight and probably
Wednesday. Local temp—7 p.
m. 78 7 a. m. 70.
People ii) the Fatherland are Talking About
America and Telling Officials Not to
Give in to President Wilson.
THEY CAN SEE IT ONLY THEIR WAY
American Jingoes. Were Tickled to Death Yes*:
terday When They Scented Chance
For Further Complications.
greater problems than this. A nation
at war has its dally crisis." "J
Despite the warning contained in jfo
the latest American note, officials here
still declare it unwise for Americans,'
to travel on ships of beiMgerent na*'"'
[By Charles P. Stewart, United Press
WASHINGTON. July 27.—Ameri
ca's international difficulties were
not more numerous today than they
have been, for months past, but they
were more pressing. There was th®
Without giving the administration
time to draw breath, following dis
patch of last week's note to Berlin,
Great Britain had unexpectedly
cabled reply to America's latest
protest against the former's ortfef^™"'
The Mexican situation was again
Jingo interests were trying to
make it appear that the German tor
pedoing of the American steamship
Leelanaw was the kaiser's answer
to America's protest against his un
der sea boat methods.
Officialdom did not see it so. Gov
ernment heads unquestionably were
electrified when news of the torpedo
ing first reached them. It came ac
such a time that, at first, they really
thought, as the jingos were still rep
resenting it today, a German act of
Later and fuller information con
vinced them, much to their relief,
that the Germans had acted accord
ing to their interpretation of it. with
more than usual regard for all techni
calities of international law. The cir
cumstances of the incident, happen
ing just when they did, were regard
ed as a good sign.
It was still considered today that
the William P. Frye and Leelanaw
affairs fell much under the same
head. This implied a German-Ameri
can difference of opinion—but only
a diplomatic difference of opinion—
concerning Germany's right to de
stroy an American contraband carry
ing ship, as well as its contraband
News dispatches saying Germany
proposed to "stand firm" and qtiotlng
important personages In Berlin to
the effect that the kaiser could not
abandon his submarine warfare,
were also taken calmly.
The essential thing, it was re
marked. was that Germany refrain
from unwarned submarine attacks
(Continued on page 2.)
The War in Mexico
Latest Developments Among Our Revolution
ary Neighbors of the South.
[United Press Leased Wiro ?*rvlce]
WASHINGTON, July 27.—The Car
ranzlstas, under General Gonzales
are at Guadalupe, in the outskirts of
Mexico City, awaiting the first chief'3
orders to re-occupy the capital and
maintain permanent possession, the
Ca.rranza agency here announced to
and taken his 8,000 men to Carran
Huerta Still a Prisoner.
EL PASO, Texas, July 27.—'Whil«
secret service men are collecting evi
dence of his alleged conspiracy to
launch a counter revolution in Mexi
co, General Victoriano Huerta is a
prisoner at Ft. Bliss, awaiting action
of the federal grand jury on charge*
of violation of neutrality. The ex
president of Mexico has wired Chief
Justice White of the U. S. supreme
court: "My home has been violated
without scruple and I want to know
if my family can live in the United
States with the guarantee which the
law grants to everybody.
As Huerta's telegram to Justice
White at the time of the dictator's
arrest last month remained unan
swered, officials here today expected
his yesterday telegram would meet
the same fate. Huerta's family and
friends are under surveillance,