St no two forms of matter can oc
the same space at the same
So standing water Is a dog In
2 manger. It must be provided an
Ztlet Provide moisture at the bed
tie seed or the feeding roots of
», plant by allowing a close posl
the small particles of matter,
tot prevent the escape of this mois
I'tsre by breaking the close portion of
^ch particle of soil near the surface,
lata stirring destroys the capillary
itbsction and the pumping of mois
into the air nearly ceases,
"Secondly, good garden soil must
!•!& a condition that air will be al
lied to circulate in it. Enough to
j0d oxygen to the bacteria that need
It In preparing the soup plants use.
I cubon is absorbed largely through
tkt leaf, but the root demands its
"The composition of soli Is" bated
P- largely on the rock from which It
*M made. If leachy it must be
ttlckened. If It will cling enough to
jgyiy crumble when pressed and re
bued its sand composition Is no
detriment provided there is plenty
if humus. The clay soil to be good
it have been sanded until it Is
provided with with an abundance of
^«aees. It, too, should slowly crum-
Me when released after being
yKMed. Silt the same.
"Good garden soil must be fine,
I1M with humus of the same kind
to the depth of a fork or spade, dark
fill color and sweet. If your garden
not bear this test on every square
foot, this fall Is the time to amend
I (be poor parts. Put into condition
tills fall. The frost will aid."—
HOW TO CURE HAM8.
The methods of curing hams are
11' follows: Trim them neatly and
•ale a brine strong enough to float
I fresh egg. Put them In this and
fat them remain four or five days to
:inw all blood. Then take them out
tod boil and skim the brine and
.when cold return them to the brine,
^tiding enough fresh brine to cover
and then add for each 100
ids of ham a pint of black mo
il and an ounce of saltpeter, and
let the hams remain in the brine two
er three weeks. Then take them out
tod hang and smoke well with hick
lory wood or corn cobs and smother
wltli green cedar brush. When well
poked, take them down and paint
then all over with' a thick mixture
of black molasses and black pepper.
Wrap nstout brown paper and put
,«*cl in a cotton sack and dip it In
"m« wash and hang it In a dark
tinoke-house. The hams, will Im
prove till a year old.
I treat shoulders in the same way,
»»d sides, except that the sides re
main in the brine half the time the
tanu do. Jowls treated in this way
...• »r« One for boiling with turnip greens
11# the spring.—W. P. Massey, in The
CARE OF THE BROOD SOW.
The matter of exercise with the
^trood sows Is too often neglected.
$ ™!®out philosophizing and giving
tjp£ reasons why, I will say that It is
absolutely necessary. To neglect the
gUJJPtylse 1b to endanger the chances
]J •®cce8B with the spring pigs. It
by far better to compel tie sows
considerable distance for
WHAT It 000D •0IL,£$J
„m often asked." remarked Un
ih Parker, "What do you m«an
5L you say, 'Die good garden
What ta and what is not
'Xl garden soil Is largely a question
fnolBture, composition, air possi
rtttleg and position.
'rtlrst comes drainage, either nat
artificial. Moisture Is a ne
*.«, but standing water is de-
It is a principle of physics
P®r day, than to
[f: T®1* moderately warm weather to
jscourage them to stir out and exer
of their own will. They will be
fed, to spend a good
flki \In the nest, not exer
Ifw. enough to Insure good circu-
Von of blood, the whole system
jff0®®. Siuggish and they are un
P«r ^ek. or
«v ^, on-third as much grain
Hlth n^i Production of the cow.
J^®®u®ers need more protein
omo«S*i J!!2ducln« small
itoimt J^mllk butter fat. The
80METHINQ TO TAKE THE PLACE
ftere Is no part of the country
where corn can be grown more suc
cessfully than in the South.
There Is no section that can com
pete with the South in the produc
tion of winter oats.
There is no section of the country
that can compete with the South In
the production of crops for hogs to
gather for themselves and thus to
raise cheap pork.
There Is no section of the country
that can compete with the South In
the production of forage from legume
crops and grasses, and there is more
future in bogs and cattle and diary
productions ^than in black-eye peas
and lima beans as field crops.
If you are really compelled to drop
the cotton crop, simply go to farming
as farmers do elsewhere. Adopt a
good rotation of crops. Grow corn
with peas among It, then oats follow
ed peas and hay. Then oats again
on the pea stubble with liberal appli
cations of acid phosphate or Thomas
phosphate. Follow with peas again,
and sow crimson clover or veath on
the pea stubble and manure with the
stover and the pea hay and turn all
over in the spring for corn and then
repeat the rotation, and my word for
it, you will soon get Into shape to not
miss the cotton. You will have fop
age and grain for cattle and hogs.
Then you can lay off a series of, say,
four lots and fence them and on these
keep up a constant succession of
crops for hogs to gather like rapei
crimson clover, cowpeas. sweet pota
toes, etc., that will carry the hogs
through winter and summer till time
to fatten on corn. There is not the
slightest need for hunting up strange
crops, but simply to farm well with
the regular farm crops.
But if I. were farming in the weevil
infested sections. I would certainly
make a strong fight before giving up
cotton as part of a good farm rota
tion.—Prof. W. P. Massey, in The
CATARRH IN COW8.
Nasal catarrh is an lnflamation of
the mucous mambranes of the nostrils
and upper air passages. Simple catarrh
is not a serious disease itself, but if
neglected Is liable to be complicated
with diseases! of the respiratory or
gansf, wfe)j\h are of serious nature, and
^oiinettmes fatal. ,' "J
Catarrh is It common dises&e among
cows. It is often due to sudden expos
ure to wet and cold after they have
been accustomed to shelter. It may
arise from inhalation of irritating
gases. It is sometimes due, to cer
tain specific atmospheric conditions,
and may assume an enzootic form. It
is very debilitating, and requires
prompt and judicious treatment.
The anlihals should be housed in a
well-ventilated place, with good hy
genic surroundings. In cold and damp
weather it should be kept warm with
If the fever Is high, this may be re
duced by giving nitrate of potassium
from one to two ounces, in the drink
ing water, three times daily. Diffusi
ble stimulants are beneficial in most
cases. Too much Importance cannot
be attached to good nursing.—Journal
WHAT THE ROBIN 18 WORTH.
What is a robin worth to a fruit
grower? asks the Industrialist. The
answer to this- question depends upon
two things. First, as to whether the
person concerned is a grower of large
or small fruit second ,the amount of
fruit grown. To a gardener or grow
er of large fruits the robin is a useful
bird. Very early In the spring it may
be seen at work patrolling garden and
field for grubs and other insects. It ar
rests the destructive work of these
pests and gets its .board free.
The robin has no consideration for
eight-hour laws. It puts in full time,
frpm daylight until dark. Of course, it
does not go out and get a cutworm.
Just because a cutworm damages
things. It getB the worm because It,
the bird, needs it.. The robin eats oth
life and vigor
P'g® to enable them to
Wt Btart in
experiment station inethod Is
eed as many pounds of grain per
destructive members of the cater
pillar family. The June bug forms a
large part of Its menu. While the rob
in eats a large amount of fruit, near
ly one-half of this fruit is wild. What
it takes of man's cultivation is compar
atively small. The .robin comes early
in the spring and stays until late In
the fall. These things considered, it
has a definite worth to the farmers.
INDIGESTION IN HOR8E8.
of milk dally.
t«r° cows can be fed exactly
ntion according to her require
:/u „_.A *ener&1 wain mixture may
ft. however, which will meet
kern most of the cows in the
«o bi J. amount of this mixture
^tethfaaUhen he varied ac-
by cows depends
^^(Tsqttlrlng more feed for miin-
liS5 lL*yi)t* "flat MOM*.
""V Place where
i» can be cconomlc-
Mrt« »fcl jTJP *0 supply 1
iud eon or tin-
JSisSi0^ kee* then. 19
**af» testygroud tarlMiMo
A good ration "for a horse that is
troubled with indigestion is mixed
as follows: Ground oats and corn,
5 pounds each 4 ounces of oil meal,
2 ounces of Bait, a dessertspoonful
of powdered gentian and a small
teaspoonfui of dried sulphate of iron.
If the animal refuses the ration, a
little starvation will make him taste
it, when the dislike will cease. Be
gin with a small quantity of this ra
tion for each meal and increases grad
until a full ration Is being
fed. As the cold weather comes on
horses that have been overworked,
often fall In condition and need
special attention to bnlld them op
again.—Field and Farm.
over lS and under 5 years of age. Th*
teeth of young and old horses will not
usually allow them to thoroughly mas*
tlcate wfiole grtUn hence there Is a
loss either of grain or flesh or both.—
Rarm and Fireside.
"No, second sight,
he saw her he Aldnt
love at first
The first time
know she was
of and by Our Pcopl*
C0MRADE8 OF THE ROAD,
Only a little way r'
Our roads together run,.''
Ju»t (or bftet IWMI DAY
Beneath the sun. I-
Only a little while
Lest either tire!
'. ,' v.
For you to ease my load
While I your carea Deguile
Along the road.
Just for a Summer day
•Until the twilight fall,
Not aa two lovers, nay,
When the Sun'i glowing heart
Thrills like a rose on Are,
We will clasps hands and part
Clasp hands, press Hps, cling close
One mad, sweet moment, so!
Then each a twilight path
Lonely must go.
Clasp hands, press lips, cling CIOM.
Then, If you will, forget
That, fjomradea of the road.
We ever met!
-Winifred Sutclifte Greaves, In the Acad
IN THE 8TREET8.
Boy. my boy, It ta lonely In the city,
Days that have no pity and the nights
without a tear
Follow all too slowly and I can no more
I am frightened and I tremble—and
would that you were bere.
O boy—God keep you!
Boy, my boy, I had sworn to Weep no
Time I thought was stronger than the
whispers long gone by.
The ardent looks, the eager word*, the
little love and hurried—
But they all come back unburied and
not one of them will die.
.• O boy—God save you!
Boy, my boy—you were glad with youth
Your Joy was like a flower that you
wore upon your sleeve
And wherever you may go there'll be a
Kir! with eyes that glisten,
A girl to wait and listen—and a .girl
for you to leave.
O boy—God help her!
Did ever a flower, I'd like to know.
Decide It was hardly worth while to
Did ever a fern, with its fronds out
Bemoan they were not lily bells Instead?
Did e'er a forget-me-not tire of blue.
And long for a grown of another hue?
Or catkin aspire to a perfume rare?
Or humble moss to be blossom fair?
Did e'er leaf of grass to its kindred »od
harangue against being so long down
Or seedpod that fell on a rock waste
Bemoan that Its efforts were thus mls
Or. Is It that, lacking Qod's discontent
The fern never questions what chance'
And is It because It's content to be
That moss will be moss to eternity?
Forget-me-not—how your wee heart slows
You, too, mourn a friend 'mongrst the
4 —Eva Dean. In New York Tirnea.
They pass me by like shadows, crowds
Dim ghosts of men, that hover to and
Hugging their bodies around them, like
Wherein their souls were buried long
They trampled on their youth, and faith
They cast their hope of human-kind
With Heaven's clear messages they mad
And conquered—and their spirits turned
Lo! how they wander 'round the world,
WhoBe ever-gaping maw by such Is fed.
Gibbering at living men, and Idly ra.ve,
"We, only, truly live, but ye are dead."
Alas! poor fools, the anointed eye may
A dead soul's epitaph In every.face!
—James Russell Lowell.
I am too little for the cares of mjn.
It was ordained that I should te^d the
Blow with child-pouting lips upon her
And nurse each lovely thing!
I have no mettle for the deeds of rhen.
It was ordaihed that I should tend the
I am too foolish for the storms of men.
It was ordained that I should danc« and
With 'faerie ladles eat thy honey-crusts.
With tipsy goblins quaff!
I have no greatness for the griefs of men.
It was ordained that I should dance and
—Anita Fitch. In McClure's.
A QUIET ROOM.
Our plastic hands but half create,
The Spirit of a lonely room.
We build fair seeming husks and shells.
But all in vain our eyes await
•The consciousness that In them dwells.
Beneath the'burden of our stare
The ghosts slip back within the gloom,
Man never yet found unaware
Yet always with his friendly eyes
He sees our little moths of thought,
And sometimes by Ms melodies
Their restlessness is charmed and
—T. P. Cameron Wilson, In Westminster
"REPROACH NOT DEATH."
Reproach not Death, nor charge to him,
The.lives that he doth separate awhile
But think how many hearts that tch*.
Death—pitying Deathpdoth Join and
-44or«ne* Stele Ceatas, .In feHtaefs.^
1 NOT qUCH or A OA*K. g|
"I can't for the life of BIS tutor
stand Mfbofcr alMM wish tp
"It's a great game, perhaps the
greatest lntelleotnal ia«»e there U."
"Yes, but it atfwjls n» wortamity
W&r,' JANUARY 14, 1912.
THE Bl-RTH OF JOHN THE BAP
Goldpn Text—Blessed be the Lord
Ofcd of Israel for he hath visited
and redeemed his people. Luke 1:68.
Lesson Text.—Luke 1:57-80. Com
mit vs. 67-69 or 76, 77.
Time.—July, D. C. 5. Plaoe.—The
Hill Country of Judah.
Exposition I.—The Birth of John
the Baptist, 67, 58. God's Word
proved to the very letter, (v. 67 cf.
v. 13 oh. 2:6, 7 Qen. 2L 2, 3 Num.
23 19.) Ther® was also a very im
mediate fulfilment of the promise that
many shall rejoice at his'birth, (see
v. 1.4.) The coming of the child was
a magnifying of God's mercy, (v. 58
R. V.) Little did the neighbors and
kinsfolk who rejoiced with Elisabeth
realize how much was wraped up in
the birth of that child.
II. The Circumcision and Naming
of John the Baptist, 59-63. Every
thing was done in strict accordance
yith the law of God. (v. 59 cf. Lev.
02 3 ch. 2:21 Gen. 17:12 21:34
Phil. 3:5.) The neighbors undertook
the naming of the child. The name
they suggested seemed appropriate
enough but God already had named
the boy (v. 13), so any other name
was "wrong. Doubtless Z. had com
municated to Elisabeth what the an
gel had told him and she, without any
explanations stood firmly for God's
commandment. The neighbors were
bound to hare their way, but Zacha
riah settled It. Note exactly what
Zacharlah says, "His name is John."
There was no going hack on God'a
III. Zacharias' Song of Praise,
64:75. The appointed term of pun
ishment of Zacharias waB ended, (cf.
v. 20), and Zacharias had stood for
God's promise (v. 63 cf. v. 13). And
immediately "his mouth was opened
and his tongue loosed." He at once
used his restoration of speech to
praise God. The manifestation of
God's power caused all to fear. (v.
65 cf. 7:16 Acts 2:43 5, 11 19:17
Rev. 11:11.) Those who heard these
sayings did wisely. 'They laid them
up in their hearts." (cf. ps. 119:11
ch. 2:19. 51 9:44.) The change in
verse 66 of "and" to "for" in the
Revised yersion Is deeply significant.
When theShand of the Lord is with a
child, people may weil inquire, "What
manner of child shall this be. The
Holy Spirit is a Spirit- of song and
praise, v. 67
Leading Questions. What does
this lesson teach about God's Word?
What may w.e learn from the conduct
of Elisabeth The conduct of Zach
arias? What does the lesson teach
about the Holy Spirit? About God?
About .Salvation "Mt
MtfiM TOO 800N TO TELL.
Tommy had been playing truaftt
from school and had spent a long,
beautiful day fishing. On his -way
back he net one of his young cronies,
Who accosted him with the usual
question, "Catch anything?" At this
Tommy, in all the consciousness of
guilt, quickly responded: "Nope—aint
been Moms yet"—Harper's Ifagaslne.
A CARDINAL'S HAT.3L?J
The famous rei hat that is a part
of the iaalftoia of a cardinal Is round
with a low crown and a wide, stiff
brim, from the Inside of which hang
iUteen tassels, attached In a triangle.
The red hat la used but twice, once
when the cardinal receives it from the
hands of the-pope himself and after
death, when it Is put upon the cardi
nal's catafalque and afterward hung
u}- in hla tltuUur church at Rome or
iral of his dlocase.
Eph. 5:18-20.) The
Spirit came upon ^Elisabeth and she
burst forth into song (see vs. 41-45),
and now Zacharias "Is filled with the
Holy Ghost" and he, too, bursts Into
song. Later we shall see aged Si
meon filled with the Spirit and he
will burst into song. Heavto itself
is a most musical place. The aong»of
Zacharias is wonderful. Every clause
In it is worthy of an attention that
it is impossible to give here. It is
a song of "Balvatlon." The word
"salvation" Is found three times in
it (see R- V.) and the thought of
salvation runs all through It. It
sings of salvation from, all enemies,
and Balvatlon from sin? This salva
tion is to the erid that we may serve
God (v. 74), salvation unto service.
That is the kind of salvation that
is greatly needed in our churches to
day. The character of the salvation
to which we are saved is also deeply
significant. It Is first of all service
"without fear." There is so much
servile service in our day, but that
Is not Christian service. As children
of God we have "not received the
spirit of bondage again unto fear but
the spirit of adoption (placing as a
son whereby we cry 'Abba Father.'"
(Rom. 8:15. In the next place, It is
a service ''in holiness and righteous
ness." God's salvation makes holi
ness of heart and life possible to us,
and He expects us to serve Him "in
holiness and righteousness." ThiB
is one of the most glorious things
about the .salvation God has provided
for us in Christ, that It is a salva
tion unto holiness of heart and holi
ness of lite and not merely a salva
tion from the torment that sin neces
sitates. Sin Itself Is an Immeasur
ably worse thing than any torment
sin, itself entails, and Jesus saves us
from sin. /f(Matt l:2l. ,In the-next
plape ':"tb« M'ttrice is. '-before-,^Hiin
that"'fS lii the presence-' of God &nd in
feliowshlp wlth God. Finally It -'is
perpetual ^^vlce "all th(9( flays* ^uf
our life." The dawn will soon come
(v. 78) the^night shadows will all
soon flee away, and "the sun of
rlghteouraess" will shine upOn them
"that sit in darkness and th$ sha
dow of death." (v. 79.) What a wide
difference there is between the songs
of Elisabeth and Mary and Zachari
as'and the sickening twaddle of much
of our modern hymnology.
*V-..,W ..v ,' •.. H'. i, v?-V-A
THE STANDARDS OF THE MODERN
Two women were drinking tea to
gether the other afternoon. The
grown up daughter of the hostesB had
just left the room and the mother,
looking after her girl, shook her'heatf
"How nicely you have brought up
that girl," the guest remarked.
The mother came out of her rev
"Brought her up?" she cried. "I
haven't brought her up. I tell you se
riously that I don't think I Influence
her in the slightest degree or that any
of the teaching I gave her when Bhe
was a solemn little thing in pinafores
has any more effect on her now than
the fairy tales I told her when she
was a still imore solemn thing in bibs.
Mary 1B not my daughter in the sense
that I was my mother's daughter, and
she was hers before that. She is Just
a. charming woman who lives ln\ my
house. She is a daughter of all the
forces of her time.
''Frankly, I don't understand her
one generation never doeB un
derstand another—or at leaat, not the
(me next to it She Is as little like you
and I were when we were girls as she
is like that what her grandmothers
were with their sandal shoes and crln
alines and their sweet, cramped little
"Girls seem to have no enthusiasm
nowadays. Do you remember how
keen you and 1 were when we went
to college You read sociology and
were, going to reform the world. 1
lived for mathematics, and we both
worshiped our teacher. Mary went
through it all complacently and took
no brilliant prizes, though she is more
efficiently 'hook learned' than either
of us. She BayB she isn't of the math
ematical bent and hasn't the reform
ing zeal. She made her own frocks all
through her college career. 1 wouldn't
be bothered even to ese that mine
were properly hooked during mine.
"At Mary's age 1 should have become
a madly militant suffragist if mili
tancy had been in the air theft. But
Mary gives only her sympathy to
the cause. She says that, like most
HOW TO CARE FOR THE PIANO
PianoB should be as carefully nun
tured 'and cared for as the favorite
house plant. Trying "to play on an in
strument with a lot of rattling strings
is about as satisfactory as trying to
sing with a husky voice, and it is no
wonder that some women allow their
skill at the piano to wane in the face
of tones that sound like a burlesque
rendition of a familiar air.
Do not allow the piano to stand
against a cold, 'damp wall. Be sure
there is an. air space between piano
Once a year is the minimum for tun
ing the piano. Twice or even three
times is better, especially if it has
been neglected for some time. The
piano very much out of tune should
be tuned twice within a period of a
few months, after which it will stay, in
•, •. 1 •.
has no liking for politics,
and that agitation isn't her line."
"What is her line? Does she
"She doe?. Muster up all your mod
ernity, my dear, or I am afraid, that
even. you will be shocked. She says
that she means to make a success
of domesticity. She mea^s to
"And what is the name of her inspir
"She ddeen't know.' -When ax girl
talks about marriage in an abstract
way it is a sure sign that she ibn't in
love. At present her difficulty is that
she doesn't care about the sort of
man who makes a good husband, and
though she herself might find life
much more profitable and entertain
ing with a bad one, she says she hasn't
the right to burden her probable chil
dren with a bad father. Goodness
knows where she'll end."
The other woman laughed. ."TruBt
Mary," she said, "that it will be on
time. Select a
good tuner and keep, him. Every
tuner pursues a different method, a
procedure likely to result rather badly
when practiced several/times.
robbing them once a month
•with ai .soft' cloth mdiqtened -with al-
dill and smoky, go over it carefully
with a soft cloth moistened with alco
hol or cold water, then rub well with
a dry cloth. Too much alcohol Cats
into the varnish. Be sure to polish
vigorously after using it. ..
CORDUROY FOR BATHROBE8.
There 1B a kind of cotton corduroy
which is very warm and eminently
suitable for winter bathrobes. It can
he bought for 65 cents a yard and only'
seven yards are required for a robe
in kimono style. A charming model,
one to make any woman jealous, was
seen recently, made of pale pink cor
duroy. The ends of the sleeves and
the front edges of the gown were cut
in shallow scallops and bound with
inch-wide ribbon. Large pink satin
covered buttons and embroidered but
tonholes made pretty fastenings. The
use of corduroy for this purposes pot
terfr comm.e& yet,, but the .coming
more than one of the warm," pretty
negligees among the tributes:^ love
Of Interest to Oar Women
Tailored costumes in cloth, serge
or velyet are being ruined at the
wrists with snow-white lawn- This
fashion has followed the rag* for di
rectoire frills on summer suits, and it
looks extremely picturesque. Some of
the frills falling to the linger tips
from the tight fitting gloves are accor
dion pleated, and on the more ornate
costumes delicate lace is used.
The fashion for one-sided anrango*
ments on dajr and evening gowns has
CIMPLICITY IN tfAIRDRE88INQ.
Individuality and simplicity are the
two most pronouffleed features of coif
fure fashions at present. While the
medium low and low coiffures are pre
ferred In the great majority of cases,
there are a variety of styles shown
which permit a woman to express her
own Indvlldual Ideas in the arrange
ment of her hair.
The Psyche knot, or that effect, is
Bhown in many of the most fashion
al,te coiffures. This idea is carried
out by use of a switch or by elongat
ed puffB which are arranged length
wire and are made larger in the cen
ter to produce the Psyche effect. Three
pulfs are, as a rule, used in the form,
or more may be added if desired.
This is practically the only use of
pulfs at present, as switches or loose
puff curls are used almost universally
in the arrangement of the hair.
The biscuit form of hairdressing
continues popular, and 1b especially
well liked by the young girl, who
wears the triple biscuits with one over
_each ear. Women of maturer years
who wear their hair in,this style ar
range the, biscuits close together in
the back, lfeavlng the ears exposed.
Pads are not used in the present
styles of hairdressing, as the flat ef
fect on the sides is generally desired.
The waving of the hair is used to
quite an extent lif the fashionable coif
fures, and this gives a soft, fluffy ef
fect around the face, which relieves
the severe lines.
American women do not possess
sufficient hair to dress it becomingly
without a switch, which is capable of
being arranged in such a variety of
ways and is especially adaptable to
the present requirements in hair
The present styles do not require as
elaborate a use of ornaments as did
the styles of last season. Some of the
combs have Bulgarian effects in the
design and colorings of the ornamen
tation. Bandeaux are in a variety o(
styles and materials, metal effects be
ing much used. With the Psyche
knot the wide barrettes are desired,
as they hold the hair up and give a
pretty effect to the back of the head.
A round pin is worn in the center of
the biscuit form of hairdressing.
MAN'S PAR8 IN THE WEDDING
Too often the difficulties of the
bridegroom—and any man will tell you
that they are legion—are forgotten in
the myriads of ceremonial perplexities
assailing the bride Masculinity is
supposed to efface itself as much as
possible In, these days preceding love'B
conusmuption at the altar. No one
seenSs to remember that possibly the
bridegroom might like to know a few
things concerning his part in the cere
Djcney, and many a man goes his way
blindly without any fragrant blunders
to mar the ceremony.
Of course the matter of choosing a
best man is entirely one of preference.
Ac intimate friend or a brother usual
ly acts in this capacity. Formerly
Custom prescribed that this supporter
be a bachelor, but today married
friends are considered equally ellgi
bl«# In selecting his list of ushers
the bridegroom-to-be always consults
his fiancee, and If 'he has a brother
he pays her family the compliment of
including'the brother in the list. The
request to- serve is. made without oere
mony in the business office, at a casu
al meeting or by brief note.
Fees of the mar-iage license, clergy
men and sexton are paid by the bride
groom. The clergymen's fee is gov
.emed by the financial status of the
man who is to be married, $5 being
regarded as a standard amount. Crisp
new-bills or gold pieces should be pro
vided for this purpose. In addition,
the sexton must be remembered if the
church is opened for rehearsal.
The bride's bouquet, the flowers of
her maids and the marriage ring are
the gift of the bridegroom. There is
a pretty custom which concerns the
prospective benedict of providing his
attendants with scarf pins or sleeve
links or Identical design as mementos
of the happy event. The bridegroom
sends carriages to convey his ushers
to and from the church,
his best man's carriage, and the car
riage which tabes the bride and him
self from the church. If ehe best man
comes from a distance, the bridegroom
plays the part of host during his stay.
The same general rules obtain at
Do not stitch skirt seams all in one
direction. Hold the bias side upper
most and this will give half the skirt
seams stitched from bottom to top and
half from top to bottom.
To hem a plaited skirt for' either a
child or adult, the easiest way 1B to
baste the plaits evenly to the bottpm,
then turn the hem and press well.
When the plaits are let out the press
ed line still remains and Is easily fol
lowed. In thls way ft is not much
more trouble to hem a plaited skirt
than a plain one.
Crocheted buttons: and stenciled but
tons make very acceptable pres
ents for any girl, as both are used
so much for dress decorations. Em
broidered buttons also make yery nice
gifts and a dozen of ^ltiier.crocheted,
stenciled of embroidered buttona ar
ranged neatly on a .piece of white .card
bo^rd voHld pertainly delight the.
.heiart-of .'t&e' receiver
extended to the tailor-made for the
winter. Some of tbe eoats and skills
are entirely plain on one side, while
other is braided or paralleled with
buttons and loops as a flnish.
A QUICK CHANGE ARTIST.
Inquiring Visitor—Ysftsrday yon
appeared aa a fire-eater—today you
an Eskimo swallowing raw, fraata
"Ym, say doctor ordeved a cbang* of
FBEIGHT flKTLS UP
State Railroad Commission Asks
Aid of Other States
RECENT CHANGES NOT CLEAR
Rate Experts Who Have Examined
New Classification Claims Work
Has Been Poorly Done
In Many Cases.
Des Moines, Jan. 12.—Letters were
sent out by the Iowa state board of
railroad commissioners today, re
questing the railroad commisslona of
the several mldwestern states to
join In an Investigation of the new
freight classification Issued by the
western classification committee, to
take effect Feb. 15. The rate etperta
in the employ of the Iowa commission
have examined the new classification
and find- that there are 1,660 chang
es ip rates and carload minlmums af
fecting Interstate traffic. Of this
number 852 changes are increases
and 808 decreases. "This simple nu
merical summary gives an Incomplete
and Inaccurate impression of the act
ual effect of the changes. The in
creases may be so large that they
will far more than offset the de
creases or, the decreases may more
than offset the increases or, again,
the in-croases may be on articles
whiah move extensively, while the
decreases may be on traffic which
does not move."
The idea of the commission la to
have a general committee of experts
from the different states make an
exhaustive check of the new classi
fication, and If the facts warrant
such action, to contest the new class
ification before the interstate com
DEATH OF LUMBER SALESMAN
Judge Smith Improved.
'Council Bluffs, Jan. 1,2.—The con
dition of Judge Walter
J. H. Vcrbeck Well Known Agent of
Dea Moines Saw Mill Co. Dies
In Lobby of Hotel. ,*'•
Des Moines, Jan. 12.—J. H. "Vel
beck, salesman for the Des Moines
Saw Mill company, fell dead in the
lobby «f the Iowa hotel yesterday at- 'C'
ternoon. He died| instantly. Heart
failure Is given as the cause of death.
Verbeck has made his home at Grant
City, Ho., for some years. He had A 9
just come in from the street and ,,
was talking to E7. Bilz, the bookkeep
er, when he-suddenly- fell over back
wards, striking his head with terri
fio force against the tiles. Verbeck sftriif
has a wife and family at Grant City,^
and they were wired at once.
Marshall Teachers to Meet.
Harshalltown, Jan. 12.—Dr. S. H.
Clark of the UniyMlsiMr of Ch^wro,
will talk on "Reading Public
Schools" and Prof. W. H. Bender of
Cedar Falls will discuss "Essential
Elements In Good Teaching" at a4
general meeting of school teachers
of this county to be held1 here to
mer congressman from the Ninth dis
trict, is gradually improving. He has
Just returned from Chicago, where he
consulted a specialist, whose report
on his condition was very favorable.
Sues City fpr Damages.
Krokuk, Jan. 12.—For. dislocation
of the left arm, a sprained wrist and
internal injuries, Miss Bdwina Ho
Kenzle has asked the city for $5,000
damages. In a petition filed in the
district court she says she tripped
over a fire hose on Main street.
Long Career Is Ended.
Jan. 12.—The sale of the
D. L. Helnsheimer stock of goods to
a Ljncoln, Neb., firm ends what is
probably the longest mercantile ca
reer In Iowa. Mr. Hensheimer 00m
mernced business here In 1860 and has
continued without a break.
Hotel Allee Burns At Persia 1
Persia, Jan. 12.-—The hotel here
fenown as Hotel Allee, was destroyed
by fire last night, the blaze originat
ing in tJhe kitchen. No one was in
jure| but practically nothing was
saved. The loss was $4,000.
General 8tore Burns.
Council bluffs, Jan. 12.—At Maple
Grove, near here, the large general A
store of C. L. Maise was totally oon- .a1 ''f
sumed "by fire at 4 o'clock this morn
ing. The cause is unknown. The loss
Summerset, Jan. 12.—Fire here last 'f'
niglit practically destroyed the entire
business portion of the city. The Z"'
Hemphill store, together with the
stock of goods, the podtofflce and the
Hemphill residence were all burned. I
Danbury Market Destroyed.
Danbury, Jan. 12.—The meat maf
ket bailding, fixtures and stock of
or re to a
firs this morning, and difficulty wMffi
tqcountared in saving other
-Damage Done "By flat ,Wh««l.
Des Moines, Jan. 12.—Attorney
General Cosson today received notice
from the interstate commerce com
mission that the river cities rate cas
es will be heard at Keokuk, Jan. 18tht
instead of at Chicago, Jan. 19th. Com
missioner Harlan will hear the cases.
Sioui'City, Jau 'tS.—Railroad orews
worked frantically la4t night to re
damage dona to Milwaukee
tracks on the Aberdeen line out of
here euised by a flat wheel on a
passenger ooach. It is vspor^gl tl^t
•00 rails were broken.
(Light Riant la Proxen.
Qreealldd, J^n. 12.—Greenfield was
thrown, into darkness yeeterday when
the plpe at the bottom of the large
steel tank frose soHd. As a reaalt
the ^ght plait la without water,
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