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Iowa state bystander. [volume] (Des Moines, Iowa) 1894-1916, April 11, 1913, Image 3

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Editor J. H. Murphy of the Afro
American, Baltimore, has been travel
ing through the Bouth. Mr. Murphy
not only uses hia pen well, but he uses
both his eyes and his ears. In his cor
respondence to his paper he sounds a
bugle call that our race here in the
north should hear and heed. Hear
what he says:
Jacksonville, Fla.—A great deal of
sympathy Is being wasted among the
colored folks in many of the northern
and eastern estates upon the negro of
Just as there has been an organized
movement to have anti-intermarriage
measures passed in the various legis
latures throughout the country, so is
there a well-engineered plan on foot
to have the colored railroad porter
ousted ini the west and middle west,
although several states have refused
to consider the plan seriously. The
scheme is to prevent the employment
of colored men as train porters. Por
ters in the Pullman service are not
affected. As usual, the train porters
are unorganized and are fighting the
hostile measures the best they can.
In each of the states in the west and
middle west bills have been intro
duced in the legislatures known as
the Pull Crew Bill, which provides for
a brakeman and flagman on all pas
senger trains carrying more than
three coaches. The purpose of the
Full Crew Bill js to do away with the
colored train porter, as he carries a
switch key the same as the brakeman
and performs similar duties.
A woman says the way toy reach a
man's heart may be through his stom
ach, but it may take cunning or brute
Btrength to reach his pocketbook.
On a visit to Atlanta university, in
company with other white men, Clark
Howell, editor of the Atlanta Consti
tution, emphasized the mutual depend
ence of the white race upon the black
race. He declared that if the city
homes, white and black, were kept as
clean as the buildings of the school
the mortality of the city would be re
duced by more than half.
Mr. Howell said that education was
sood thing for all creatures and all
people of whatever race. That among
all people will be found two distinct
castes, the good and the bad. The
party visiting the school consisted of
Judge W. R. Hammond, Clark Howell,
J. K. Orr and Dr. C. B. Wilmer. Each
one of the party made short addresses
to the students, Judge Hammond em
phasizing the importance of individual
responsibility and the too frequent
tendency of people to shift the burden
upon someone else.
The Dally Reporter is the name of a
ftegro daily newspaper being publish
ed in Jacksonville, Fla., by a company
of colored men. It is making a favor
able impression.
There been organized in Val
Oosta, Ga., a business and profession
al men's league. Nothing is more
needed in a city where there is such
a large number o£ both. As far as
*e could learn, the officers are: Mr.
W. s. Larkln, president Dr. C. C.
Strickland, vice-president, Mr. M. G.
Miller, secretary.
Should an original idea strike some
wen it would give them a headache.
A lazy man's feet leave their im
print on the path of least resistance.
The fact that a woman paid $500 for
an Easter hat is not absolute proof
that h,er husband is a new York po
liceman. He may be a waiter.
When a man suggests to a woman
Ujat they shall "tell each other every
thing" it is always with the serene
conviction that she can have nothing
to tell.—G.
You are right, Alonzo. It is per
fectly proper for a young man-to wear
business suit when he calls on a
1b, if he means business.
-(.' \.:v., ... ••. ..! -.'
A good deal of this sym­
pathy might well be saved. In a great
many things the negro of the south
Is far and away ahead of the negro
of the north. We venture thp asser
tion that there are more negro clerks,
bookkeepers, secretaries, typewriters
in Birmingham alone than there are In
New York City, or possibly Chicago,
or any one other large northern city.
Another proposition in, the south is
the large number of negro mechanics.
They are here in large and increasing
numbers, thanks to the Tuskegee
school spirit and the sentiment of the
Bouth itself. One will hardly see a
building of any proportions, or with
no proportions at all, but one sees the
inevitable negro mechanic. And more
over he works beside his white broth
er without the least friction, so one
may see a negro bricklayer, or a negro
carpenter, plumber or gas fitter work
ing side by side with a white fellow
mechanic. One may see in almost any
large city in the south even skyscrap
ers erected entirely by negro mechan
ics, and a negro architect drawing the
plans and directing the work. While
I am writing this letter I am sitting
at a window which looks out over a
huge five-story building going up upon
which I have not seen a white work
man except the foreman, which hap
pened because there was no negro
builder or contractor under the terms
necessary to put up the building. And
by the ^-ay it is a negro building,
three stories of which will be devoted
to commercial purposes, that is. offices
and stores, and I have been informed
that nearly all the available space has
been already taken up. I have also
been informed that when the building
is completed that a number of the sub
stantial citizens of this place are go
ing to open up a bank in first class
shape with at least twenty-five thou
sand dollars capital.
What is woman's work? It used to
be so defined by custom as to be as
unmistakable aB the clothing she
wears distinguishing her from mere
man, and it was considered as un
womanly to do man's work as to wear
man's clothing. Even now the wom
an who wears short hair 1b looked
upon as being as queer as the man
who wears long hair. The tendency
among some women to wear clothing
fashioned after that of men, like rid
ing horseback astride, is frowned up
on by those who see nothing but de
generation of the race in the unsexlng
of the voman in her clothing, man
ners and occupation.
Women have of late years so en
croached upon the occupations of men
In the office, the store and the factory
as to lessen the wage earning capa
city of men and the ability of men to
support families, sc that marriages
are fewer and divorces are more nu
merous than in old times. The wages
paid to women who do the work of
men is less than that paid to men,
and women do not spend their earn
ings in family making and educating
as men do. Indeed, how a woman
will spend a dollar bill is as much of
mystery as what a Bull Moose would
do in the White House. And women
who begin life as independent wage
earners, and who constantly associ
ate with men in their employmerts,
deve'op a freedom from mutual help
fulness and a certain hardness of
manners that unfits them for the suc
cessful work of the home as wives
and mothers. The sons of gparta al
ways knew their mothers but never
their fathers. It is that way now
with dogs, human and canine. A mas
culine woman is as dangerous in the
home as a feminine man.
We do the race an injury by looking
down upon, and underestimating the
importance in the body politic of the
man who serves, and it is more than
probable that he sometimes underes
timates his own worth by failing to
magnify his calling, and neglecting to
do his work so efficiently as to leave
no room for improvement on the part
of any one. The monopoly which we
used to hold in these lines got away
from us not because of favoritism to
the man with a white skin, but be
cause this latter was able to put it
over us in the matter of cleanliness,
efficiency, faithfulness and reliability.
Circumstances are breaking strong in
our favor, and it will be our fault if
we do not get a stronger hold on what
ever comes our way. And we de
lude ourselves woefully when we im
agine that the other fellow doesn't
want our Job: That day has passed.
The negro doesn't hold a job today
that the other fellow would not take
with eagerness. We must learn not
only to get there, but "to stay there"
by right of merit.—Ethiopian Pha
That there are 121 colored people
In business and twenty-five in the pro
fessions in Columbus, Ohio, is but an
other sign that the negro of the north
is coming into his own. There are
among the business men six coal
dealers, three contractors, four con
fectioners, three feed merchants, four
hotel keepers, eight restaurant keep
ers, and five shoemakers.
A polite discussion is going on be
tween a colored citizen of Nashville.
Tenn., and The Glc^be, a negro news
paper of that city, concerning the fit
ness of Fisk university having a negro
as president.
August Stanfleld, gradual of How
ard university, passed the highest ex
amination in a class of more than for
ty-flve applicants for license to prac
tice medicine and surgery in New Jer
sey, before the state board of exam
iners of Trenton. Dr. Stanfleld will
locate and practice at Morristown,
New Jersey.
Students in our colored colleges de
serve to be commended for the man
ner In which they conduct themselves
in contrast with the actions of stu
dents in many white institutions of
learning. Here is a case in point:
According to the University Register,
Harvard students spend $603,780 for
clothes, $98,255 for cigars and cigar
ettes and $73,250 for wines, as com
pared to $71,250 for tooks..
Prof. Cyrus Wiley, A. B., who fot
eleven years has been principal of
the colored public schools at Valdosta,
Ga., has made his debut into the min
istry. He preached his first sermon
at St. Paul A. M. E. church in that
city. He will retain his position as
principal of the schools.
J. A. Ross of Detroit, Mich., a life
long Democrat and a prominent ne
gro, is being boosted for the position
of Recorder of Deeds under Woodrow
Wilson's administration. This change
of administration'is placing before us
many new colored political faces any
Another way for a rich man to at
tract favorable attention is to let the
wives of other men alone.
Not only is poverty a crime, but so
is six dollars the week.
You can live comfortably without be
ing extravagant. Extravagance Is not
It is President Wilson who Is put
ting a dent in precedent.
Adam was the first man who cut
out gownB for women.
Add but a little to an ldna and yon
have an ideal.
Knowledge is of the head wisdom,
of the heart ,- .f
»•$ ^.•''' ./*•
Buffalo bowling alley keepers have
organized and will make an effort to
open the alleys for a couple of hours
on Sundays.
Miss Mary Brown, holder of the
wornens' tennis championship, 1b ex
pected to take part in the annual
open International tennis tournament
to be held in the City of Mexico.
George Slosson is the same cue
comet be was several years ago. He
took Kojl Yamada into camp, 300 to
Frank Jones of Philadelphia de
feated Charles McCourt of Pittsburgh
in a national three-cushion billiard
league match by the score of 50 to 44.
Pittsburgh defeated Brooklyn In the
national three-cushion billiard league
60 to 35 in 77 innings. Charles Mc
Court of Pittsburgh made a high run
of six and Charles Otis of Brooklyn
made a four.
Frank Cavanaugh has been reap
pointed bead football coach for Dart
The Williams college football au
thorities announce the reappointment
of Fred Daly as head footb«Jl ccach.
The English Football WBoriation
have decided to give ca/ps to tbe play
ers taking p:\rt in this season's liter
national tria' soccer games between
Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
After all the Harlem river speed
way is to be Baved for the horsemen
of New York.
There may be more fines this year,
now that the association has decided
to do some good with the money.
The Pittsburgh Driving club has
announced the program for the
grand circuit meeting July 14 to 18
During 1912 the number of new
2:90 trotters was 1,099- and of new
2:25 pacers, 1,052. It is a close race
for honors.
The spring stallion show at Lex
ington will be held on April 14 and
It is expected that there will be a
big turnout.
Joe Patchen, 2:10%, a pacing war
rior bold in his day, is In excellent
health and jogging daily over the
roads near Goshen.
Louis Nlehardt, who owned Charley
Mitchell and Baden, is looking for an
other of the same brand in the Bin
gara trotter, Baldo, 2:22%.
Uhlan is to make a record trip at
the Cleveland fair on August 25. The
great trotter is said to be in perfect
condition this year #nd now is at
Momere, 2:23%, by Mobel, that
Scott Ross worked In 2:11 on the De
troit track last year, may change
ands as Lon McDonald has his eye
on the trotter.
Fred SnodgrasB of the Giants touts
the Phillies to cop the flag.
Bates, a candidate far third base,
is doing wonders in Cleveland.
Manager Huggins of the Cardinals
believes Pitcher Roy Golden will have
a winning year.
And now Manager Stovall of the
Browns avers that his team will finish
not lower than fifth.
Danny Murphy, the Athletics* field
ing 6tar, is being groomed by Manager
Mack for a managerial berth.
Chance likes the way Sterrett workB
behind the bat. The Princeton lad
may get his turn with Sweeney.
McGraw says Connie Mack is a
hard man to interview. Johnny must
be rehearsing his vaudeville stunt.
Doc Scanlon, the former Brooklyn
pitcher, has been engaged to coaoh
the St. John's College baseball team.
Manager Joe Birmingham of the
Naps believes that he has a real find
in Nemo Leibold, his young outfielder.
Pitcher George Tyler of the Boston
Braves was given an increase of $900
in his pay check and signed a con
Schang of the Athletics is said to
be the fastest catcher in the big
leagues in getting down to first or cir
cling the bases.
President McAleer and Manager
Jake Stahl of the Red Sox pick the
Pittsburgh PirateB to land the bunt
ing in the National league this sea
Here's all Manager Fred Clarke of
the Pirates has to say: "If we' get
our share of the breaks this season
we will be up there somewhere—at
the top, I hope."
McGraw has the finest crop of
youngsters picked up by any major
league team this year. He expects
to get two finds, and possibly four,
out of this year's pick-up.
A! Bridwell 1b one player who seema
able to escape the hammering of the
anvil chorus. He is. a great favorite
among the fans.
A Chicago writer-asks: "If Christy
MatheWBon, Jr., gets ten lines for
breaking his arm, how many columns
papa get?"
St. Louis scribes believe that Ivy
Wlngo, the Cardinals' crack backstop,
will be the star catcher of the Na
tional league thiB year.
Bobby Wallace, the veteran short
fielder of the Browns, now playing his
eighteenth season on the diamond, ex
pacts to beat out his rivals.
Among Manager StovaP's string of
twlrler not one Is more popular with
the fans than Southpaw Hamilton,
who Bhnt the Detroit Tigers out last
year in a championship game with
out a hit
John Ihlee, a University of Minne
sota student, died from injuries re
ceived while wrestling a few days
Frank Gotch is like the proverbial
bear that goes into his cave, in the
fall and does not come out until
Bpring. Early each year some "meat"
is brought forth for him to devour.
This time It will be Georga Lurich.
•ftie Argonaut Rowing club of To
ronto has given Sims, the English
boat builder, an order for an eight-*
oared shell, a four and double shell
for racing purposes.
The Hanlan Memorial course, in
Toronto, will, when it is completed
fall, be the fastest for rowing In
America, according to the claims of
Canadian oarsmen.
Princeton expects to have a strong
rowing crew this year. Two races
have been ararnged so far, with Har
vard and Pennsylvania May 10, and
with Annapolis May 17.
At a meeting of the executive com
mittee of the National Association of
Amateur Oarsmen the national regat
ta was awarded to Boston, to be held
on the Charles river basin on August
8 and 9.
One of the big events of the rowing
season will be thefcur-cornered race
on the Charles river at Cambridge on
May 10, between tbe varsity eight
oars of Penn, Columbia, Princeton
and Harvard.
Johnny Marto triumphed over Har
ry Donohue of ^ekin, ill., at New
Fat Bradley and One Round Hogan
went six fast rounds to a draw at
Jack Britton defeated Young Brown,
the east side idol, in their ten-round
battle at New York.
Eddie Wells of Chicago and Lew
Glowney of Detroit went ten round#
to a draw at Kalamazoo.
George Knockout Brown of Chicago
whipped Billy Evans in their ten
round fight at Altoona, Pa.
Matty Baldwin of Boston won the
popular decision In his bout with Ed
die Smith of New York in New York.
In a six-round bout at Philadelphia
Jack Britton defeated Johnny Krause.
The fight belonged to Britton from
the start.
Jimmy Perry of Pittsburgh and
Wild Cat Ferns of Kansas City fought
ten slow and uninteresting roundB at
Atlanta, Ga., to'a draw.
Willie Lewis, the American middle
weight pugilist, won the decision on
points in Paris from the French mid
dleweight, Marcel Moreau.
A year and a half ago your boxing
fan was seriously considering whether
McFarland could lick Wolgas*. at 132.
Now he admits he can't make 133 to
meet Ritchie.
Young Denny, the New Orleans wel
terweight, and Phil Cross of New
York, brother of Leach Cross, fought
ten rounds at New Orleans. There
was no decision.
The promoters of the new Detroit
Athletic club have purchased' a block
of ground as a site for the new struo
Hannes Kolehmainen has quit the
running track for a while and has
started work at his trade of brick
Steve Shipley, the Baltimore cross
country club roller skating champion,
who holds two world'e records, is
about to leave for a lour of England
and France.
A proposal to have the national
track and field championships next
summer held at the Harvard stadium
uitder the auspices of the Boston Ath
letic association Is being considered
by officials of that club.
Tale won the annual gymnast!*
meet with Princeton, 32% to 21%.
An all-American hockey team, se
lected from metropolitan and colle
giate Btars, has been gathered to com
pete with the Canadian champions,
the Winnipeg All-Stars.
G. Mathlesen, the Norwegian cham
pion, established a new siting rec
ord for the 600 meters at Hamar. Re
covered the distance in 0: 44.
P. J. Conaway has for the sixteenth
consecutive time been elected presi
dent of the Irish-Americah Athletic
club of New York. Lawson Robertson
Is the professional coach
Method by Which Time and Money
May tie 8aved, and "Life" of
the Goods Prolonged.
Every woman knows the ruinous
sums it costB each Beason to have
her evening frockB, light suite, silk
blouses, and other unwashable arti
cles dry cleaned. Where gasoline is
possible as a renovator she may
sometimes tay the experiment ofdo
ing a little of her own, cleaning, but
it Is seldom successful, and It Is as
hard to lose the odor of gasoline as
it is to acquire the odor of sanctity.
Also It is dangerous.
Therefore, the knowledge of some
simple methods of dry cleaning that
can be done at home, and that leave
no trace of the process, would save
many a precious dollar to the woman
who Is running to the limit of her
allowance for dress. Tbe materials
required are very simple—fuller's
earth, block magnesia, boraclc talcum
powder, flour, and borax, or even
plain cornmeal. The first three can
be bought by the ounce or pound
from and druggist, and the others are
always In the pantry or store closet.
For a white suit It is perfectly safe
to use either the meals or talcum
powder. A white serge suit, for er
ample, can be very successfully
cleaned by putting It into a dry. clean
tub and covering it over with corn
meal slightly salted. The suit can be
rubbed with the hands exactly as if
it were In soapsuds, the most ener
getic rubbing naturally being given to
the spots which are most soiled. Aft
er it has been thoroughly gone over,
the 'meal should be thrown out and
the gown put back into the tub and
covered over with clean meal. It
should be left there for two days,
with a cloth over the tub to keep out
the dust, and then shaken out anr1
brushed with a perfectly clean brush.
Sugar and Butter Cooked Together to
Make a Most Appetizing Tit-Bit
for the Table.
Whistles, a sweet which must have
been a great dainty in the days when
it was first concocted, are made, ac
cording to an ancient recipe, in the
following manner:
Cream a half pound of sugar and a
quartor pound of butter and beat' six
eggs, yolks and whites separately.
Add the eggs to the creamed sugar
and butter and then add enough flour
to make a thick batter. In the old
days rosewater was considered a del
icate and delicious flavoring, but va
nilla might suit the modern palate
better anyway, add some flavoring.
Butter a sheet of paper and spread
It oh a molding or bread boar^. Drop
the batter with a tablespoonful at in
tervals of three or four inches on the
paper, spreading each drop out thin.
Bake it in a hot oven for about five
minutes, when it should be slightly
browned. Then slip the little cakes
on a molding board sprinkled with
sugar and quickly roll them about a
stick. When they are cold fill them
with jelly or jam.
Turkish Croquettes.
Chop a pound of veal fine, grate
white bread to the amount of one cup
ful •with it and mix the whole together
with an equal amount of minced ham
and half a cupful of chopped chicken
if the latter is convenient—It is not
absolutely necessary. Season well
with pepper and salt and "bind" it
with two beaten eggs. Butter a mold
and line it with macaroni that has
been previously boiled and then turn
the veal mixture into it, pressing it
well down. Place the mold in a dish
with' boiling water within an inch of
its top and steam for half an hour.
Remove and turn out of the mold
on a hot platter and pour over it any
rich gravy.
Broiled Cod Steaks.
Three slices, cut from tbe middle
of the fish, two eggs, a few capers,
oil, vinegar, pepper, and salt clean
and dry the
warm, then grease
a gridiron broil the steaks upon it
till thoroughly done. Break the yolks
of the eggs into a basin, adding oil
enough to make a tbick cream when
these are well blended, add a little
vinegar, the capers chopped, a season
ing of pepper and palt, stir well, and
pour this sauce over the fish. Serve
garnished with lemon and parsley.
Fifteen minutes to grill the steak.
Sufficient for six personB.
French Beefsteak.
Cut your steak two-thirds of an
Inch thick from a fillet of beef dip
Into melted butter, lay them on a hot
gridiron and boil over fresh coals.
Whep very nearly done, sprinkle with
pepper and salt. Have ready some
parsley, chopped fine and mixed with
softened butter. Beat them to a
cream and pour in the middle of the
dish. Dip each piece of steak in the
butter, turning them over, and lay
them round on the patter. Serve
with lemon juice and very hot.
Cocoanut Fudge.
To make cocoanut fudge, follow
this rule for delicious results: Put
into a saucepan over the lire 2J,£ cups
of brown sugar and 1 cup of cream,
and begin then to stir in gradually
a cupful o( grated cocoanut, or just
as much as suits the fancy. Begin to
beat when It starts to thicken and
beat constantly till it is thick and
smooth and It is seen to be ready to
"set." Pour into a buttered shallow
pan and when cooling mark into
squares with a buttered knife.
Duchess Potato Balls.
Prepare a quart of fluffy mashed po
tatoes. Beat In an egg, then form into
balls while still hot, roll lightly In an
egg beaten with one-half cup of wa
ter and set on a buttered sheet in a
hot oven till browned. Remove with
a pancake turner.
Fried Apple*.
Wasb fruit and remove lmperfeo
•tions. Cut inch-thick Bllcesr-covering
the bottom of the frying basket with
these slices. Fry in deep grease, very
hot, till rich brown color. Sbake bask
et to free from grease. Dust lightly
with palt
'••«.•' 'v'4' •'s *v .." -V '•••. ."* vLtf*i?'5
Chinese Knowledge o{ Gunpowder
Result of Chance.
Admitted as Truth That the Nation
Knew of the Explosive Two Thou
sand Years Ago, but Its Dis
covery Was Accidental,
Everyone knows that the Chinese
claim the Invention of gunpowder. It
is declared by educated Chinamen
that in the great apd imperial records
that have been accumulating at Pekln
for so many hundreds and hundreds
of years there !u an account that
proves the Chinese knew about and
used gunpowder more than two. thou
sand years ago.
led to the belief, how­
ever, that the Chinese did not actu
ally Invent gunpowder, but discovered
It through a series of peculiar acci
dents. Gunpowder consists of salt
peter, powdered charcoal and powder
ed sulphur, but just the powdered
charcoal and saltpeter will make a
very good explosive.
Now throughout many of the great
plains in both India and China there
is found on the surface quantities of
saltpeter. The men who have been
making studies of this have finally
come to the conclusion that doubtless
the manner in which gunpowder waB
discovered was a simple accident.
Men camped on these plains, ac
cording to the claims of some experts,
built fires and left here and there
great spots of coals and charred wood
from their campflres. The charred
nothing more or less than
charcoal, and this in time was tram
pled down by cattle and horses and
men crossing these plains, leaving
finely powdered charcoal lying over
the saltpeter plains.
In placeB where the saltpeter
cropped out of the ground in larger
and purer quantities there soon oc
curred a combination of saltpeter and
powdered charcoal wherever camp
fires were made. Then other travel
ers across these plains stopped by
the wayside and built their fires.
No doubt these travelers were at
first frightened and mystified to find
that whenever they lighted their camp
fires there came flashes and explo
sions and puffs that sent smoke and
fine cinders flying about them. In
vestigations in other spots led to the
discovery that such explosions hap
pened only where there was charred
wood ground fine on the ground.
From this the deduction was sim
ple, even two thousand or more years
ago, and experiments soon led to the
discovery of why these explosions hap
pened. From all this it is claimed
now that the Chinaman has really
good proof that his people knew about
gunpowder two thousand years ago.
An Angry Tree.
In Idaho there exists a species of
the acacla-tree that a -writer in Har
per's Weekly says is entitled to be
Massed as one of the wonders of
plant iKe. The tree attains a height
of about tight feet. When full grown,
it closes its leaves -together In coils
each day at subset. When the tree
haB thus Bettled itself for Its night's
sleep. It will flutter violently if touch
ed, and if you shake the branches
it will emit a nauseating odor strong
ertoflgh to bring on a headache.
In Idaho it is called the "angry
tree," and It is said that it was dis
covered by some men who were mak
ing a camp for the night, and placed
one end of a canvas covering over one
of its sensitive branches, to use it as
a support. Immediately the tree be
gan to Jerk its branches sharply. The
motion continued with iucreased "ner
vousness," until at last there came a
sickening odor that drove the tired
men to a more hospitable camping
Almost an Accident.
The old gentleman who came upon
a badly dazed person In a by-street of
London inquired—so the Dally Mall
saiys—the cause of his agitation:
"My good man, what is the matter?"
"Matter, sir!" repeated the confused
Individual. "Matter, sir! Gen'l'man's
'oss run away with a brougham, sir—
never see hanythink like it in all my
life—down 'e comes the 'ill with the
sharves a-drangling all about 'is legs
knocks a butcher's cart into a linen
draper's shop—bang against a car
riage and pair, and smashes the panel
all to bits—upsets a phaeton, and if 'e
'adn't a-run agin this 'ere cab an'
dashed it right over an' stopped 'isself,
blowed if I don't think there'd been
an haccldent!"
Single Tax In Spain.
In Spain, where the multiplicity of
taxes is notorious, a single tax move
ment has been gaining ground recent
ly. Not long ago a banquet was given
by the Single Tax league in honor of
Henry George, this being the first
function of tbe kind that has ever
taken place in Spain. It was decided
to call an international congress to
meet at Ronda in May, for which an
Mtlve propaganda 1B now being made.
Must Study In United States.
Henceforth honor graduates from
the University of Buenos Aires will
come to this country to continue their
studies. Up to this time it has been
the custom of the government of Ar
gentina to send such students to Eur
ope, and the change has been made
through the influence of Dr. Romulo
S. Naon, minister to the United States
from the Argentine Republic.
8ettlng 'Em Up.
'How do you make your living, my
"Picking up pins, sir."
"Dear me! What an odd occupa
tion. Where?"
"In a bowling alley, sir."
Worth Trying
"My dear, you advertised the um\
brella you lost aa worth |5. You know
very well you paid only $1 for it"
'1 know that, m^ dear but in the
matter of nmbrellafc I have an Idea It
may pay to advertise.
.'•-.-' ".•"••-.'i *^'1^"'
We were sitting on board the Rus
sian cruiser, Livadla, which was lying
outside the harbor of Toulon. To
gether with several of my comrades I
was visiting the oiflcers of tbe Liva
dla, who were giving a dinner to offi
cers of the French army.
As all the world knows, Russians
are hard drinkers and Russian officers
do their best to live up to this national
reputation. At Russian dinners you
very often continue drinking until the
majority of the diners are "under the
The waiters kept our champagne
glasses filled all the time—for cham
pagne Is the favorite beverage of all
Russians and, as a matter of fact,
there is more champagne consumed
In Russia alone than the French cham
pagne district produces. The Rus
sians did not sip their champagne as
we do, but threw back their heads
and swallowed a whole glassful at a
time. The quantity of wine which my
neighbor drank was something quite
"I suppose you will return to Paris
tomorrow," he asked.
"Well, I was to have left tomorrow,
but I postponed it to watch the tor
pedo practice of the squadron."
He was startled his eyes shot fire
and his forehead grew dark, as if some
unpleasant thought had BUddenly oc
curred to him.
"Then you are interested in torpe
does?" he asked after a moment's
"Yes, I am," I replied, "the torpedo
Is a dreadful weapon and I am inter
ested in it."
"Then," he said, with a bitter smile,
"I can tell you something more about
it than any other man In the world."
For a few moments he sat lost in
thought then he straightened himself
up and asked:
"Have you heard of the first use of
the torpedo in actual warfare? It was
during the Russo-Turkish war."
"Why, certainly."
"Then listen: It was I who blew up
the Turkish flagship."
He stared at me to watch the im
pression this statement made on me.
"Yes, I—It was a dreadful, horrible
thing. A terrible catastrophe."
And he began* his story, evidently
less to arouse my interest than to
ease his conscience.
"It was on the Danube, you remem
ber? For several days we had been
anchored some distance away from
the Turkish fleet, but hidden from
sight by a bend of the river, which'
here is as wide and deep as a bay. We
kept a sharp lookout and were always
ready, though a surprise attack waa
very unlikely, aB the river IS full of
sand banks, which make navigation
very difficult. Still we expected to be
attacked, for the Turkish fleet was far
superior to ours. We waited in vain
they did not come.
Then we decided to attack their fleet
with our torpedoes. I was put in com
mand of a torpedo boat and we made
ready to start.
"At that time the torpedo was not'
perfect as today. It was very crude
and dangerous to handle. It was nec
essary to lower it alongside the ship
side of the enemy, explode it by am
electric battery and run away as fast
as you could, so as not to be blown
up yourself.
"It was a dark, quiet night. My
crew were picked men, every one of
whom I could trust not to lose his
head under any circumstances, and
every one of whom was eager to get
at the enemy. -The undertaking was
an exceedingly dangerous one, and my
chief was visibly moved when he
shook my hand as we parted.
"We were running a great risk, for
if the Turks discovered us in time we
had no chances to get away. But I
had full confidence in myself and my
"Noiselessly we sailed up the river,
and at last I could make out the
Turkish fleet
"The flagship loomed up straight
ahead of us, a little nearer than the
rest It looked like a gigantic fort,
and this target I chose for our attack.
Not a sound was heard. Everything
was calm no one dreamed of the
threatening danger. A few lanterns
were the only signs of life on board
the flagship.
"We were nearer. and nearer. I
could hear my heart beating wildly. I
no longer doubted that I would be suc
cessful. My men stood motionless.
We were alongside the flagship now,
and they had not discovered us. I
was mad with delight as I lowered
my torpedo and fastened it to the ship
side. A few seconds more and we
would be safe.
"Then we suddenly heard cries and
noise on board.
'"Torpedoes! Torpedoes!" the Turk
ish sailors shouted. The TurkB had
an Insane idea that torpedoes were
something unearthly and phantastic.
"When we had got a cable length
away I pressed the electric button.
There was a cry—an uncanny, super
natural cry. No, you can never con
ceive any idea of its sound. I am a
brave man. You may take my word.
I am afraid of nothing in this world—
but this cry. Then everything waa
Bwallowed up by the river—ship, crew^
officers and sailors. The cry follows
me everywhere and at ti^es it nearly
drives me mad. In the middle of the
day, if I close my eyes, I can hear it"
His voice was full of anguish aa he
bent toward me and whispered
"Listen—do you hear it?"
His eyes stared, a dreadful expres
sion of horror convulsed his face. The
glass he held was crushed between
his fingers. A hoarse cry escaped hia
lips he let go my arm and fell to th*
floor heavily.—Chicago American.
Addressing the Masses.
"What would a politician be with
out his silk hat?"
"A politician still."
"1 don't agree with you."
"Why not?"
"The average politician does soma
of his loudest talking with hia hat off."
Medical Humor.
Patient—I'm trouble with bolls oil
and on, doctor. What would yon ad
Doctor—Well, I shouldn't let thoMA
that are off trouble me.
9 a
A Pg|
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