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Iowa state bystander. [volume] (Des Moines, Iowa) 1894-1916, June 13, 1913, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025186/1913-06-13/ed-1/seq-3/

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It baa leaked out that a number of
colored
men have been Investigating
white slave conditions as tbey affect
colored
women in and about Chicago,
and that they ran upon a number of
cases involving a number of supposed
ly prominent white men in Illinois and
other states. Some interesting revela
tions and startling disclosures pre ex
pected soon to be brought to light in
the interest of the suppression of the
traffic in women. While the investiga
tion was started in behalf of the col
ored womanhood of Illinois and pre
cipitated by the anti-marriage bills in
troduced into the Illinois general as
sembly, it is rumored that the investi
gations of the colored men will help
the white women as well as the col
ored. It Is said that a number of cases
have been found more serious than
that of Jack Johnson's and that much
documentary and other evidences have
been secured by the investigators
which will be important In arousing
the public to that moral awakening
which will demand the protection of
all the women of Illinois without re
gard to race, color, condition or na
tionality. At this time the colored peo
ple will be very glad to have the bene
fits of just such work as is reported
as being carried on quietly, while
their rights and liberties are being
threatened at Springfield.
The introduction of so many anti
intermarriage bills in Illinois, the only
result of which can be the further low
ering of the Negro citizen in the esti
mation of the general public, have an
gered and provoked the Illinois Ne
groes, as they have not been in many
years. During the past six weeks two
conferences were held at Springfield,
composed of strong representative col
ored men and women from every sec
tion of the state.
The principality of Montenegro is
doing a plucky thing. The six great
powers of Europe have demanded that
the effort to take Scutari shall cease,
because,the interests of the powers
will be disturbed but, though Monte
negro is the smallest of the states
of the Balkan alliance, her king and
his cabinet have flatly refused to cease
their warfare for the reason that she
is fighting In the aliiance for inde
pendence and freedom from the op
pression of the "unspeakable Turk."
She is determined to do her full part,
unless she is overwhelmed by the
great powers by violent force. The
interests of the big powers, as we see
it, can better afford some disturbance
and readjustment than can the op
pressed suffer longer postponement of
Hberty. The "interest" in all lands
have demanded too much a3 against
inalienable human rights. Bravo! to
Montenegro for her stand which she
takes as against all big Europe, for
her rights to secure and enjoy* liberty.
What kind of a Negro is this Monte
negro anyhow? She is the right kind.
The word means a region of black
mountains. Mountains, mark you, not
sand hills.
Our African Methodist brethren are
suffering just now, heavy loss of lead
ers. Bishop Baiters has passed away
in South Carolina Bishop Turner of
Georgia has been retired on account
of senility and Bishop Derrick lies se
riously sick at his home in Flushing.
N. Y. The writer has long personally
known these men, who have ranked
well among the strong men of the
leadership of the Negro race In Ameri
ca. We feel their passing from the
stage as a part of the ordained trag
edy of mortal life.
Natural colored crash is made up
Into a bag which answers for a vari
ety of purposes, since its drawstring
top, when opened, discloses two
pockets, one hanging somewhat below
the other. In addition there are out
side pockets lined with oil silk and
sufficiently large to accommodate a
pair of footholds or a few small
pieces of soiled linen. These recep
tacles are crewel embroidered or dec
orated with an applique design in
linen of a contrasting Shade.
The word has gone forth that the
prospects are good for the ginseng
crop of the present season This crop
is one for which there is no local de
mand whatever, but the pntlre prod
uct of this country, which is consid
erable, is sent to Hong Kong, where it
is distributed over tlie entire Chinese
kingdom. The amount exported in
1910, 94,000 pounds, was considerably
less than that of the previous year,
which reached 160,000 pounds, and
that for the year 1908 was 146,933
pounds.
Uruguay imports- touch paper and
syrup from the United States.
The Parisienne is going to be per
fectly happy this summer in a little
toilette of fine linen flax-cerise, khaki,
green or violet. The perfectly cut coat
is of plain linen, and is ornamentel
with raised cotton or soft woolen em
broidery or soutaching. The skirt is
short and of stripes, one of which
must match the color of the coat, the
other may be of white or mauve, or
green, or blue, or white if you wish.
The combination and idea are very
work is simple. The embroidery on
the coat should match the alternating
colored stripe.
Jesse Walker, a Frankfort (Ky.)
Negro, has fallen heir to a 300-acre
estate.
Apparatus invented by a Paris sci
entist hatches chickens and protects
them from all microbes until they
reach a desired age.
Electricity, in the form of continu
ous currents, has been found to drive
moisture from clay better than me
chanical processes.
Even a dull man has his good points.
One of the finest audiences that
ever assembled in Chicago was pres
ent at Orchestra hall to witness tbe
first exhibition of the moving pictures
of "A Day at Tuskegee." Both white
and colored were Beated in the boxes,
on the main floor, in the balcony and
gallery and from Interviews of many
present, the pictures were not only
pleasing and instructive b~.it gave a
splendid Idea of Tuskegee Which has
become the leading industrial insti
tute of the world. Three thousand feet
in three reels containing 100 scenes of
vocational activities were exhibited,
now making it possible for millions of
American citizens to get an opportu
nity to see just what has been ac
complished at this world famed
school. Plans for the entertainment
had been artistically arranged and
carried out to perfection. The splen
didly trained chorus opened with a
selection, "Eothopia." During the
changing of the reels, folklore songs
were rendered to the delight of the
large and appreciative audience. The
pictures began by showing a life size
photo of Dr. Booker T. Washington,
followed by the shack in which the
school was started in 1881, and contin
ued through the evolutionary stages
to the institute's growth with its in
creasing buildings, departments and
trades to its present mammoth growth
and development. The activities of
the school were vividly portrayed 'in
all its departments and phases with
its scores of teachers and pupils at
work in class rooms, at play and upon
the drilling fields. It was Indeed a
wonderful exhibition of the mighty
brain of a Negro, his management and
achievement. Members of the race
seemed greatly encouraged at the
thrilling and inspiring sights and the
white people took as great a part in
the applause as did colored people.
The pictures were educational from
every viewpoint.
The negro of Texas can best ad
vance his own interest by developing
a spirit of enterprise. Enterprise
has changed Texas from a wilderness
to a civilized country. It felled the
trees, built the cities, banks, railroads
and schools. The negro has the abil
ity to do anything that man has done.
He is well adapted to the climate his
physical makeup is well developed,
full of strength and vigor. He can
think keenly and quickly. What he
needs is energy, initiative—a spirit of
enterprise. In nearly every line of
business there is a place for the man
who will take it, and make goad. The
negro can have real estate offices it
he will be truthful, honest and ener
getic—if he will go Into it with energy,
with enterprise, put life into it, make
it go. But he must work out and
shape hU own destiny. Take the
farm, for Instance: If the negro farm
er in Texas will put his brains into
the soil and use up-to-date farming
methods if he will have his lands an
alyzed and see what it takes to make
it produce cotton or corn, potatoes, or
wheat, rice or barley if he will send
to the factory and get fertilizers and
work them into the soil, he will make
one acre of land yield more than four
times as much as it would under the
old-fashioned method. The negro
should buy every foot of land he can
get in Texas, become a citizen, an own
er of land. It will give him self-re
spect.
A second electric railway is to be
built to connect Jacksonville and St.
Augustine, Fla.
It is quite certain that potatoes will
not mix in the hill any more than
chickens will mix in the nest, but
this does not prevent a change in
potatoes in the hill, not due to mix
ing, but to the tendency of all living
things to "sport." There will be oc
casional ears of red corn when no
red kernels are planted, and red corn
can 'zc propagated by planting these
red kernels so win there be varia
tions in potatoes, and new varieties
may bfe propagated by planting
these sports. Ordinarily, new vari
eties are obtained by planting the
seeds grown on the potato tops, and
these seeds will mix because they are
seeds—the potatoes are merely swoll
en places in the roots.
For preparing grape fruit for the
table quickly there has been invented
a knife with fi "curved, saw-edged
blade.
An Illinois Inventor has patented a
box that unfolds and displays each
piece of candy it contains.
Widows oft ruBh in where young
girls fear to tread.
A device small enough to be carried
in a soldier's knapsack, yet powerful
enough to capsize an aeroplane high
in the air, has been invented by a
French scientist.
Jacksonville, Fla., has equipped its
city engineer with a camera to take
pictures of districts where new street
paving is demanded by citizens.
The surest way to determine the
age of a painting, according to a Lon
don chemist, is to analyze the pig
ments.
Egypt last year exported 1,165,000
pounds of cigarettes.
The first electric railroad In the
canal zone is being built from Pan
ama City to La Boca.
What is said to be the largest
clock in the world forms a part of
an electric sign in Boston.
During last year the sum of $30,
000.000 was expended in New York
City in the erection of office buildings
alone.
MAKE OLD LIKE NEW
SOME SUGGESTIONS ABOUT RE*
FINISHING OP OLD FURNITURE.
Much to Be Done Befor* the Actual
Work of Putting on the Enamsl Is
Begun—Cleanliness Most
Important,
When old furniture 1s to be enam
eled to give it a new lease of Ufa
there is a good deal to be done be
fore the actual putting on of the
enamel, and upon this preliminary
preparation depends the success. Be
gin by giving each piece a thorough
good scrubbing with hot water, soap,
and a strong bristle brush. This
scrubbing brings away any dirt and
chips of paint, leaving a surface clean,
but chipped where tbe bits of paint
have come off. Then take a piece of
fine sandpaper and rub the furniture
all over with it, and It must be a
really fine sandpaper, as a coarse
piece would scratch and spoil the sur
face. Then if your furniture Is to be
enameled white the next step Is a
coat of white paint, not enamel but
just flat white paint. Put this on first
with a small brush, filling in all the
chipped places, and letting them dry
before putting on the whole coat.
This will take several hours to dry.
but it must be left till quite firm, first
the spots and then the coat of paint
Before opening the enamel tin shake
it hard, so that the contents may be
thoroughly mixed, then give the
enamel a good stir with a piece of
stick, pressing out any little lumprf
against the side of the tin and getting
the whole mixture as smooth as
cream. For putting on the enamel
use a soft, flat brush, and work always
in the same direction. Put on a thin
first coat, trying to use as little as
possible, and be very careful not to
leave puddles or thick dabs in the
corners. The first coat of enamel may
take several days to dry thoroughly.
When it is quite dry sandpaper it over
very lightly indeed and put on anoth
er coat. This second coat is some
times not necessary it depends on
the condition and former coloj of the
piece of furniture to a great extent,
and must be judged of by the painter
herself.
Closet Room.
In planning a house let the woitfeh
of the family have something to say
about the arrangement, number and
size of the closets. They know, or
should know, how much housekeeping
is simplified when there is plenty of
well-arranged closet room.
Closets should, if possible, be ven
tilated and lighted by means of win
dows. In addition every closet In an
electrically lighted house should have
an electric light.
Have the linen closet fitted with
shelves provided with drop fronts
have the fronts hinged by means of
chains at the sides held at just the
angle to transform the fronts into ad
ditional shelf room where they are
dropped.
To' Clean Vases.
Glass flower vases are apt to be
come much stained in time, especially
if such flowers as mignonette and for
get-me-nots are left in them for a few
days without changing the water To
remove the stains few methods are
better than that of placing a handful
of ueed tea leaves at the bottom of
the vase with a little vinegar, and
with the hand placed across the top,
shaking it until the marks have dis
appeared If not completely elimi
nated, this should be repeated, while
In addition a rag wound around a
stick and pushed into the crevices
will effectually remove the most ob
stinate stains.
Care of Matting.
Try sewing your new matting with
raffia, says a writer for the Modern
Priscilla. Dampen and split each
strand. This will make a fine seam
that will look well on either side.
When laying new matting one can pre
vent ridges and wrinkles if, after put
ting down as smooth as possible, you
will wash with a pail of hot water to
which a cup of salt has been added.
Leave quite wet and in drying the
matting will shrink into place. The
salt toughens It. Wash with the grain
of the matting. Never sweep matting
with an uncovered broom, as it will
split the fiber, but cover the broom
with a soft canton flannel bag and dip
in salt water to brighten it.
Stewed Carrots.
One quart cut carrots, one table
spoonful butter, one tablespoonful
flour, one teaspoonful chopped pars
ley, one teaepoonful salt, one-quarter
teaspoonful white pepper will be
needed. Wash, scrape and cut the
carrots into pieces one inch long. Put
on to boil with water enough to cover,
boil until tender without a cover.
Drain and save the wat'T in which
they were cooked. Put ths butter into
saucepah, melt, add tho flour, mix
well, add one cup. of the carrot water
slowly, mix the carrots and sauce and
add the salt, pepper and parsley cook
three minutes.
Sand Tarts.
One cup sugar, one-half cup butter
mixed with sugar. In a separate dish
put one egg, one-fou'-th cup sour
cream, one-third teaspcon soda, a few
drops mapaline and a pinch of salt.
Mix together, then add the sugar and
butter mixture and two cups flour.
Roll thin and over the top spread the
beaten white of one egg, then sprinkle
with sugar and chopped nuts. Pass
rolling pin over lightly and cut in any
shapes desired. Place in moderate
oven and bake, but do not let brown.
Cheese "Dreams."
Perhaps some readers have never
heard of "dreams." They are com
posed of thin slices of bread spread
with cheese and placed together sand
wich fashion, then browned on both
sides in the chafing dish.
Cherry Cocoa Tea Cakes.
Cream one cup sugar with one-half
cup of butter, or substitute for butter
one-half cup milk, two email cups of
sifted flour, with two teaspoons baklnf
powder, two tablespoon*
•SSSfc
Fournier is rapidly getting to be a
first-class fielding first baseman.
The operation on Jake Stahl's foot
Is said to have been a complete suc
cess.
Looks as though tall Cy Falkenberg
is trying to win the flag for the Naps
single-handed.
Kid Elberfeld opines that Nap La
jole hits the ball harder than any
body else that ever took a bat in
hand.
"Fresh" Regh, the youngster whom
the Pirates sent to St. Paul, hit for
.400 in his first 11 games in the Amer
ican association.
Bobby Byrne, the Pirate third base
man, says he will not be a poorer bats
man as the result of being hit by one
of Joe Wood's shoots.
Manager Connie Mack has only
three players on his team who are bit
ting .300. Eddie Collins, Ira Thomas
and Struck are the three.
Pete Knisely, the
There are so many has-been ma
jor leaguers in the Federal league,
that some persons are thinking of
calling it the G. A. R. league.
Big Jim Vaughan is pitching win
ning ball for the Kansas City Blues.
He would hold the Highlanders this
year if he were only with them now.
"The Athletics do not display the
dash of last season they must Im
prove to win the flag," says one Wash
ingtou critic, who apparently believes
what he is saying.
Danny Murphy predicts the flag for
the Athletics this year. Danny fears
the Senators, though, and even con
cedes them a possible chance to beat
out his team.
Xy Cobb having advised ball play
ers not to go on the stage, it is be
lieved theater patrons will raise a
purse of $15,000 per annum if Ty can
prevent these calamities.
DEVELOP STAR WHILE ON TRAINING TRIP
4**"
"Texas" Russell Is one of the few recruits of this season to "make
good." Russell was picked up by Comiskey after he had shown unusual
ability while playing with the Fort Worth team last fall.
heavy-clouting
outfielder, who goes to the Birming
ham team, should break up the
Southern league this summer.
New York fans say that beating
Washington these days is a grown-up
man's task. They claim that the Sen
a^ors play as If they knew the pen-4 ed since 1910.
niint was within reach.
Red Ames has lined up with George
Wlltse to bear witness to the fact
that the veteran Giant pitchers are
stHl able to stand up and bring in a
win or two. Matty, Ames and Wiltse
may be making Marquard and Tes
reau blush yet.
Two shortstops with wonderful arms
are In the field together when Bill
Stump of the New Yorks and Heine
Wagner of the Red Sox, are in the
same game. Stump can whip the
ball across with as much power as
the noted Bostonian.
'vX'V"''i v,.V
!Mimli
Htas»8#sr
1
Larry Lajole beat out a bunt the a severe setback through the injury
other day, which feat called for full-1 of waiter S. Huckmaster, rated he,Mi
faced type. A Lajole bunt? Gee, and shoulders above any of the chal-
don't you know what it Is, anything lenging team.
ttat stays inside the fence
St. Paul has released Pitcher Elmer
Steele, who failed to come back.
Steele hopes his arm will get in shape
with warm weather and he will make
another try, possibly In the New York
State league.
PHOTO 01
p. FOUR.N1LR
Secretary Robert McRay of the Red
Sox has become an ardent devotee of
golf.
Cooper, the young left fielder of the
Baltimore club, is leading Dunn's club
with the bat.
Western league followers can fore
see a close finish between tbe teams
this year.
Mike Kelly Is proving himself to be
a wizard as head of the Indiana] o
lis team of the American assoC'V
tion.
Western newspapers are making v*
most as much fuss over the Fede-»il
league aB they do over the two ma*
jors.
Scotty Ingerton, who was once a
member of the Cubs, has been sold
by the Indianapolis club to the Louis
ville club. He is a great pinch hit
ter, but Is too slow for a regular.
Ganzel, son of Chj.rley Ganzel, ths
old Detroit catcher, Is Hugh Duffy's
first baseman on ths Portland team.
Duffy says he has a club that will
make the going very fast in tho New
England league.
Bostonlans now ara calling little
Maranvllle "the Rabfrit." Also they
are rising to proclaim that he is one
of the very few men in the game who
really can "place" a bit, which over
comes his inability to smash the
ball quite as hard as some of his larg
er contemporaries.
SPORTING
WORLD
Brown easily outpointed Wesleyan
in their annual dual track meet, win
ning 68 to 58.
Prizes won at the Olympic games
at Stockholm by James Thorpe, the
Carlisle Indian athlete, will be award
ed to the men who finished second in
the events.
Coach Pat O'Dea of the Leland
Stanford university oarsmen, Is
booming a project to pull off an Inter
national college boat race on Oakland
estuary In 1915.
Princeton won the Intercollegiate
gun championship with a sweeping
victory over Yale and Dartmouth. The
team scores were: Prir^ton, 407
Yale, 312 Dartmouth, 294.
The announcement of the proposed
revival of racing on the big tracks
of the Empire state has resulted in a
booming of the thoroughbred market
of New York that has not been equa'.-
English 'polo hopes have received
unable to play
Buckmaster may b*
at all.
An intercollegiate athletic meat
will be held on the iake front on July
1 and 2 in connection with the inter
national athletic games under the
auspices of the International Athletic
Championships association.
The
Naval
Academy tennis men de­
feated Swarthmore by taking four
strings of singles and two of doubles.
The midshipmen repeated their per
formance against Johns Hopkins and
Dickinson by winning every set
Many critics believe that if the
Army-Navy game is scheduled at tha
Polo grounds or afiy hlg baseball
plan(,'that interest in tho crack grid,
ron attraction will lag. The apecta,
tor will be taken too
tax
.he play to enjoy It
Mif?®51
away from
Q0LF DREAM THAT CAME TRUE
Ths Drive Made by an Englishman
Was Regarded as Impossible
Achievement.
A story of a golfer's dream that
cc.me true comes from the Rochford
Hundred Golf club, near South-end-on
Sea.
One of the members, E. Simpson, en
tering the club house, said he dream
ed the previous evening that he had
drovo a ball over a sheet of water
bounded by a high hedge and a wire
fence, on the green and Into the hole
In one shot.
"Of course, that Is the Pond hole,
the Bhort fifth," laughed the mem
bers.
"What Is the betting agalust your
dream coming true?" asked one.
"I give you a hundred to one in sov
ereigns." "And 1 give a thousand
pounds to ten pounds," said a sport
ing city magnate.
Mr. Simpson could see nothing in
these tempting odds except the sure
loss of his money. To hole out In one
comes to few golfers in a lifetime,
graBB
BO
he made no bets. How keen is bis
chagrin on this score may be imag
ined when what followed Is related.
He went out to play on the crowded
course. At the Pond hole tee his part
ner reminded him of his vision and
Mr Simpson laid down his ball for an
easy iron shot, the hole being a "bogey
three."
lie said afterwards that he felt an
eerie sensation, and shook at the
knees. He was sure he did not keep
biB
"eye on the ball." or rather his
"mind's eye."
The couple in front stood near the
green awaiting eventualities. Straight
for the pin came the ball. It dropped
gently on the
20 feet away, and,
with Its last revolution, trickled into
the hole.
A wild whoop and frantic gesticu
lations intimated to Mr. Simpson that
his dream had been fulfilled also that
he had lost a small fortune by de
clining the bets offered him.—London
Express.
A Cascade of Stone.
A remarkable calcareous formation
is to be found in Algeria about sixty
miles from Constantine, the ancient
Cirta. It looks like a magnificent cas
cade with the water in violent motion
pouring over a rocky cliff in turbulent
and riotouB confusion, and yet the cas
cade Is motionless and silent. It Is
as though a great waterfall had sud
denly turned to stone. Naturally the
natives look upon this prenomenon
with great awe. They have given It
the name Hamman-Meskhutln, which
means "the bath of the damned." They
have a legend that the waterfall was
turned to stone together with the
members of an impious tribe who had
Incurred the wrath of Allah. At night
these petrified individuals, according
to the story, are restored to life and
resume their normal shapes. The pet
rified waterfall has been produced by
the calcareous deposits from hot sul
phurous and ferruginous mineral
springs. The springs have a tempera
ture of 95 degrees centigrade. The de
posits have, of course, been making
for many centuries. Tbe.hot springs
were known to the ancient Romans.—
Scientific American.
Against the Antls.
Miss Inez Milholland, the suffrage
leader of New York, said the other day
at a luncheon:
"This forcible feeding inflicted on
the English suffragettes makes my
blood boil. The men who can do such
things—the men who on the one hand
can refuse woman the vote, and on
the other hand can break her nose
and give her inflammation of the lungs
by forcibly feeding her—well, such
men are not of the highest type.
They are of the brutal, hoggish type.
They remind me of the sailor.
"This sailor, a sneaking bigamist,
sat In the forecastle, examining care
fully by the light of the forecastle lan
tern the photographs of his eight
wives. After looking these photo
graphs over carefully the sailor laid
them back in his chest, frowned and
muttered fiercely:
'What If they ain't all true to
me!
Disposing of Competition.
A male student competing with 30
girls in a bread-making contest at the
University of Nevada the other day
won the second prize and came very
near to getting the first. We do mot
know whether the young student in
question will eventually make the man
ufacture of the staff of life his life's
work, but the outcome of the contest
convinces us anew that the modern
woman, no matter whether she got her
education at some university or eome
county district school, knows very
little about the art of bread-making.
The girls of today rather play tennis
or study Ibsen than bother their pretty
heads about bread-making, knowing
full well that If they ever get married
they can procure better and more
wholesome bread than they could over
hope to produce themselves.
Slighted Johnson,
Men who become suddenly rich
should be Judged leniently. They have
many temptations from which the rest
of us are, happily, delivered. Mr.
John Johnson, a man of this class, was
desirous to be known as of a literary
turn of mind, and to that end proceed
ed to purchase a library. One of his
purchases was an old dictionary,
which, being somewhat out of repair,
was sent to the binder's. When it
was returned to the purchaser he
found printed on Its back the words,
"Johnson's Dictionary." The slight
threw him into a furious passion, and
he demanded of the messenger:
"Why didn't he put the full name
on, 'John Johnson's Dictionary?'"
His Trouble.
Church: "I see New York has six
blind operators at telephone switch
boards."
Gotham: "I bet they are not going
to tell us how many deaf ones they
have."
Self-Made.
Soil of the House (to caller)—"1
wanted to see you 'cos father says you
made yourself." Caller—"Yea, my lad,
and I'm proud of it." Son of the
House—"B-but why did you do it like
that?"—Punch*
mi
vwwww ftv11 ."i-H"' i.«
9L
SLAVERY iN J0UTH AMERICA
Aborigine* of ths Foreat Arc Bought
and Sold Freely—1300 the
Average Price.
The Madre de Dios Is a majestic wa
terway, some 400 yarda wide at Puerto
Allanza. Later on It joins another
river to become the Benl farther
down again, It flows Into the Mar
more, and Anally—more than 1,000
miles below Altansa—ia merged into
tbe mighty Amazon.
On the banks of the Amaton there
are large towns boasting of a so-called
civilization, but in the remote reaches
of the affluents and sub-affluents, and
in the great forest tracts along these
spacious waterways, force and na
ture reign supreme. Human, animal
and plant life battle hard for exist
ence.
In this vast and little known region
law and order are not codified they $
are merely the product of self-defenle,
says a writer in the Wide World.
If an evil doer be caught retribution Is
swift and terrible. And slaves—the
aboriginal forest savages—are bought
and sold freely. When I was in the
Madre de DIOB the market price of a
man was $300, a woman $200, and a
child $50, although for good men.
used to collecting caucho (low grade
wild rubber), much higher prices pre
vailed. One land owner I know had
Just bought 20 families—say 80 per
sons In all—for $15,000. 1 myself was
offered 100 people by their master,
who was retiring from business. He
appeared quite surprised .when I told
him that Englishmen did not deal in
human flesh.
Nevertheless, it must be confessed
that these slaves are not, aB a rule, un
happy. Instead of wandering wild
about the woods, they are brought Into
the rubber camps, given some clothes,
a gun, apd Introduced to alcohol. Then
they are sent out into the forest to
cut down caucho trees and collect the
rubber that flows from the trunks. It
is true that, in some places, flogging
and other ill treatment follow when
the quantity of rubber picked Is small,
and on the other hand. Increased sup
plies of alcohol, good guns and am
munition, and finery for the women
are attendant on a good crop. More
over, If the ill treatment be excessive
—that is, more than the men think
they deserve—the next morning may
find the master assassinated. During
my stay in the district two slaveown
ers and their staff met their fate in
this way—all were wiped out in a
night.
Throws Child to Wolves.
Throwing his child to the wolves,
a father committed a desperate act
near Volchuni, Russia, some days ago.
A peasant named Grusnlejoff, accom
panied by his wife and four-year-old
child, was traveling by sleigh to Vol
chuni. Towards dusk, fthen only a
few miles from the town, he suddenly
came on a pack of wolves. Gruenie
joff's wife, in her terror, suggested
that he should appease the famished
beasts by flinging them the child.
This, however, the man at first re
fused to do, continuing to belabor his
horses. At length, seeing that the
wolves were gaining on the sleigh, he
flung the child into the road. His sac
rifice wae in vain, for the wolves, dis
carding the living bundle, flew to the
attack with renewed fury, and at
length dragged the peasant from the
sleigh. When the horses arrived in
the town the woman was found lying
unconscious in the sleigh. The child,
which had not suffered the slightest in
jury, was found lying peacefully sleep
ing on the road.
He Got Damages.
An amusing case was heard at Cas
tlepollard (County Westmeath) the
other day. Thomas McCann claimed
compensation from Mrs. Mary Brady
for injury to his stock by a sow.
"Your warships," said McCann, "her
sow ate a goat of mine and made a
great fool of me. The sow is such a
terror that if any of my children were
out she would eat 'em too." The mag
istrate: "Is she a tiger?" McCann:
"Bedad, your worship, she's worse. I
tried to get one of the kid's legs be
fore ehe was gone altogether, but she
was so smart swallowing my poor kid
that I couldn't even get a bit of ner."
Mrs. Brady gave evidence defending
her sow. McCann: "Didn't she »at a
kid's back and her stomach, her paws,
and even swallowed her eyebrows?
If she got my little children she would
have eaten them to their boots. Why.
she would eat my house!" Mrs. Brady:
"She could eat anything." McCann:
"I believe that." McCann was award
ed half a crown and costs.
His Lack of Will.
"I used to think my husband had
such a strong will," she complained
"He has never seemed to me," her
friend replied, "to be a man who was
lacking in will power. Is he a slave
to drink or tobacco or anything like
that?"
"Oh, no. He gave up smoking three
years ago, and I got him to go on the
water wagon at the first of the year.
He hasn't tasted any kind of liquor
since."
"It seems to me you ought to be
proud of him. A man who can glvo
up smoking and absolutely refrain
from tasting any kind of strong drink
must have a will that is extraordi
nary."
"Perhaps it Is as you say, but I have
been trying for more than a year to
get him to give up the habit of nod
ding in the affirmative when he says
yes at the telephone. He just can't
seem to quit it."
Before Fame Came.
A widely admired campaign speak
er in Nebraska, who had been billed
to make the principal address at a
political meeting in Lincoln, was
obliged at the last moment to cancel
his appointment.
William Jennings Bryan was chos
en to fill the vacant place. Mr. Bryan,
however, knowing that he was to act
as substitute for an older and more
popular man, was rather nervous. His
apprehension was Increased when the
chairman announced him in the fol*
lowing manner:
"Feller citizens This here's the
substitute fer our gallant an' admired
leader, unfortunately taken sick. I
don't know what this gent can do but
time was short an' we had to take
what we could git"
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