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I MINNEAPOLIS SPOKESMAN "“i- Vol. 1. No. 29. , Minneapolis, Minnesota, Friday, February 22, 1935 PRICE FIVE CENTS » ■ - Scottsboro Case Being Heard By Supreme Court * OFFERS NO DEFENSE FOR ALABAMA By LOUIS R. LAUTIER Washington, D. C.» Feb. 22.—During the argument of the so-called Scottsboro cases in the United States Supreme Court last Monday, Justice Willis Van Devanter critically questioned Thomas E. Knight, former Attorney General of Alabama, now Lieutenant Governor, to elicit from him the truth regarding the exclusion of colored persons from jury duty in Alabama. Mr. Knight started badly. He - began by telling the court he did not know how two big books con taining the names of men eligible for jury duty, in Jackson county, Alabama, had got before the Su preme Court. ' “Come, come, now!” Justice Van 1 Devanter chided him. i Samuel S. Leibowitz, of New ’ York, who twice tried the cases at Decatur, Alabama, had shown one of the books to the court last Fri day when argument was com menced. 1 Startles Court Mr. Leibowitz startled the court by charging that the names of six Race men appearing in the book had been forged after the question of the exclusion of Race persons from jury duty had been raised. He declared that the names of the Race men had been entered after the jury commission which made up the jury rolls, from whom the grand jury which returned the indictments, had gone out of power “for the purpose of depriving the defendants of their constitutional rights and in an probability pre venting a review by this court.” He explained that red lines had been drawn on each page by the new jury commission to show where the work of the old com mission had ended and the work of the new commission had be gun. He stated that an expert wit ness had testified that the names of the Race men, arranged alpha betically and according to pre cincts, had been superimposed upon the red lines indicating that they were inserted after the red lines had been put there. Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes and Justices Van Devanter, Owen J. Roberts, Pierce Butler and Har lan F. Stone questioned him, one after another, to ascertain how the clerk of the old jury commission had got possession of the book after he went out of office and what explanation he had made with respect to the alleged spurious names. Mr. Leibowitz replied that he himself would like to find out how the old clerk had got access to the book and that no explanation had been given when the old clerk tes tified regarding the jury rolls and the alleged forged names were brought to his attention. Mr. Leibowitz contended that the rights of the petitioners had been violated by the systematic exclu sion of colored persons from jury service solely because of race and color. He made no complaint with re spect to the Alabama statute pre scribing the qualifications of jurors, but' contended that “the administration of the statute is the gravamen of the complaint we lay before you.” Despite the shortage of money among all classes of people, this newspaper has the largest circu lation of any newspaper of its kind now issued or ever issued in this city. There is a reason. ■ 3£ A ■ -v - RACE BAR ORDER RESCINDED Last Saturday morning the or der barring Negro patrons from Minneapolis night clubs operated by colored proprietors was re scinded by Chief of Police Michael Johannes. Concerted attack on the order by Minneapolis Negro weekly newspapers was the deciding fac tor in the incident. Mother Crab Guards Her Eggs Until They Hatch ▲ crab which reaches maturity Is a fortunate creature. Its moth-1 er probably laid 5,000 eggs, and of these perhaps less than half a dozen survive to grow up, notes a writer in Tit-Bits Magazine. Eggs laid by the mother are car-, ried about until they hatch, and are about the size of the head of a small pin. Beneath the crab’s body, or that part commonly known as the tall, are featherJllke appendages. The eggs are attached to these by fine threads, and are held securely. If attacked, the mother will fight furi ously to protect her treasures. When newly laid the eggs are a bright or ange color, but soon become darker, until they appear a dull brown. This change of color is brought about by the development of the creature in side, for the actual shells are trans parent The most important task of the baby crab is to protect itself, and so Nature provides it with a pair of powerful eyes, and it is these which show through the shells. When the eggs burst open, each tiny crab falls to the sea bottom. They are just about the same size as the egg with a tiny tail attached. Their first movements are small jerky actions; they rise an inch or so, wriggle about for a moment, then drop back again. ▲ day later they have grown, and are clothed in a thin horny coat, something like the outer skin of a shrimp. Wise Men of Old Greece Called the “Seven Sages 99 The seven wise men of ancient Greece Included: Solon of Athens, who lived from about 638 to 559 B. 0., whose motto was, “Know thyself.” Chilo of Sparta, who died about 597 B. 0., who said, “Consider the end.” Thales of Miletus, who died about 548 B. a, who said, “Who hateth suretyship is sure.” Bias of Prlene, who lived about the Sixth century B. a, who main tained that “Most men are bad.” Cleobuius of Lindos, who died about 564 B. 0., who believed in “The Golden mean,” or “Avoid ex tremes.” Pittacus of Mitylene, who died about 570 B. (X, admonished the world to “Seise time by the fore lock.” Perflander of Corinth, died 585 B. 0., left this, probably to the pres ent era, “Nothing is impossible to Industry.” LIBERIA? Liberia, the only Republic in Africa founded by American freed slaves, will be the subject of a lec ture by George S. Schuyler, noted author, newspaper writer and in vestigator, at Hallie Q. Brown Community House, Wednesday night, March 6, at 8:00 P. M. | .. Schuyler Coming For Two Lectures Ist Week in March George S. Schuyler of New York, most widely read American Negro writer, is coming to the Twin Cities for two lectures the first week in March. The noted author, Pitts burgh Courier columnist and con tributor to the country’s leading publications, is being brought to the Twin Cities by the public serv ice bureaus of the Minneapolis Spokesman and the St. Paul Re corder. Mr. Schuyler is the first of a group of noted Negro thinkers and leade/s who will be brought to the Twin Cities for addresses dur ing the coming months. Mr. Schuyler will lecture in Min neapolis March 5, on, “What >ls to Become of the American Negro?** In St. Paul at Hallie Q. Brown House, on Wednesday, March 6, at 8 p. m., his address will be on “Liberia.” The St. Paul talk should be of particular interest to St. Paul citizens because the city’s favorite son, the late W. T. Francis, died in Liberia while serving as this country’s Minister. Mr. Schuyler’s Minneapolis ap pearance will be in the Phyllis Wheatley auditorium at 8 p. m. Sell Sketches by Queen Victoria Two small pencil sketches drawn by Queen Victoria when she was a little girl, were sold tn London recently for ten dollars. Fra Angelico, a celebrated Ital ian painter of the Fifteenth cen tury, so felt the dignity of his art that he palntod kneeling TYPOGRAPHICAL ER&OR As you say, “She may be empty, but I'll tell the world she’s clean I” But when the sheet is printed and is out upon the mail, On its way to the subscribers I have never seen it fail— In the center of the front page, in a most conspicuous place, Some typographical error fairly kicks you in the face. For the typographical error is a slippery thing and shy, You can hunt 'til you are dizzy, but it somehow will get by, Till the forms are off the press it is strange how still it keeps, It shrinks down into a corner and it never stirs or peeps. That typographical error too small for human eyes. Till the ink is on the paper, when it grows to mountain size, And you see that blasted error, far as you could throw a dog, Looming up in all its splendor, like lighthouse in a fog! That glaring blunder juts out like an ulcerated tooth, Where it dodged the eagle vision of the napping comma sleuth. —News-Times, Moroa, Illinois. George S. Schuyler The Kneeling Painter Du Bois Hunks Italy Will Win Over Ethiopia Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, in Minne apolis for two addresses, told re porters that Ethiopia will give Italy a tough battle but that the superior modern war equipment and man-power of Italy would sooner or later win for the Euro pean nation. A photo of Dr. Du Bois appeared on the front page of the Minneapolis Journal of Wednesday. TWIN CITY AUDIENCES HEAR DU BOIS Two hundred and fifty persons heard W. E. B. Dußois speak at Phyllis Wheatley House Wednes day afternoon, Feb. 20. Dr. Du- Bois came to Minneapolis at the invitation of the International Women’s League for Peace and Security. The speaker was intro duced by Mrs. Woodard Colby, president of the local unit. Dr. Dußois warned the women who ire seeking methods of establish ing peace to “not overlook those causes of disturbances which, originating far from the scene of actual warfare, are yet the real causes leading up to war.” As a concrete example the doc tor devoted much of his talk to recounting the history of events culminating in the differences be tween Italy and Abyssinia, and now threatening war. Tea was served following the lecture. hi the evening a smaller group sat at banquet with the speaker at the Citizens’ Aid Building, where the doctor gave voice to his opin ions concerning a number of mat ters of race weal. This dinner was also sponsored by the Women’s Peace Conference, Some twenty five Twin Citians were present. Dr. Clair E. Ames presided. AU Ex-Service Men, Attention! SPECIAL MEETING FEB. 27 This is important news for all ex-service men, whether Legion members or not Wednesday, February 27th, is the regular meet ing night of Baker Post held at The Phyllis Wheatley House, and all ex-service men are urgently re quested to attend as things of vital importance are to be explained about the bonus, and concentrated action planned. A letter received by Commander Baker from Legion headquarters in Indianapolis, like letters being sent to all posts in the United States, notifies all ex-service men of a nation-wide broadcast on that night, 10:45 to 11:00 p. m., Minne apolis time, over WCCO. This broadcast is concerning the bonus and will let everyone know what The Legion is fighting for and why. Every ex-service man is again requested to attend this meeting of Baker Post, give your support for something that is im portant to you and your family and hear this nation-wide broad cast, so that you win know what it is all about The regular meet ing is called at 8:00 o’dock, Feb ruary 27, 1035. MOTHER OF LOCAL BUSINESS MEN ILL Mrs. I. L. Brown of Marshall town, lowa, mother of John and W. Squire Neal, is very iIL Her condition is reported very critical. Ethiopia Defiant As Italy’s Army Sails for Africa EMPEROR HAILE SELASSIE PREPARES TO REPEL Rome, Italy, Feb. 22.—With the sailing of another contingent of Italian troops for the Italian Somaliland and Eritrea, bordering Ethio pia, the war clouds that gathered last week, when Emperor Haile Selas sie answered Italy’s ultimatum, appear to have grown more menacing. Protesting his desire for peace in Africa, and denying that he has war intentions against Ethiopia, Mussolini continues to load his sol diers on ships and bid them God speed to Africa. In an address be fore the Fascist council, Saturday, Mussolini declared that his troops are trained and equipped for “any emergency.” He then proceeded to address the soldiers, telling them that they were going on a glorious “adventure” for their country, and that they are not to return until they have accomplished their pur pose. BEACON LIGHT YOUNG PEO PLE’S VOLUNTEER SOCIETY GIVES PROGRAM SUNDAY EVENING All Twin City young people and their friends are invited to hear Mr. Calderwood, author, former legislator and lecturer, at Phyllis Wheatley House Sunday evening, Feb. 24, at 7:30. The invitation comes through the Beacon Light Young People Volunteer Society, under the leadership of Mrs. Court ney Wilkerson. The group is spon soring a Temperance program and symposium at the conclusion of which a testimonial will be taken from the Young People Societies represented, favoring the highest standard of Christian Temperance. The Twin City Race physicians are to present the medicinal side of the question, while Mr. Calder wood will discuss the ethical and aesthetic points of view. A Min nesota conference representative will give the spiritual and moral argument of balance on the tem perance question. Mrs. Hallie Batrum has been asked to present. her musical group for the special music. The St. Peter Choral Society is an outstanding organization of real talent. ENTERTAINED BY PLAYERS On Thursday night, Feb. 14th, the dramatic classes of Mrs. Eva Carr were given a very unusual treat at her home, 606 St Anthony Ave., when a cast from the Phyl lis Wheatley Players presented a one-act play, “Good Medicine.” The cast included Mrs. Flossie Harris, Mrs. Marie Hughes and Mr. Archie James. Mr. Clarence Hughes was also present About thirty stu dents were present and every one entered into the evening’s enter tainment, which consisted of an impromptu program, games and songs, before the play was pre sented. Mr. James gave a short review of the activities of the Phyllis Wheatley Players, beginning at the time when many of the members originally belonged to the I. X L. dramatic group of which at that time Mrs. Carr was directress, and coming down to some of the fine things they are doing at the present time through the Phyllis Wheatley House. Much praise and encouragement should be given this group for their spirit of loy alty, the many worth while con tacts they are making and their splendid presentations as artists. WHAT IS TO BECOME OF THE NEGRO? A lecture by George S. Schuyler of New York, America’s most wide ly read Negro writer to be heard Tuesday night, March 5, at Phyllis Wheatley House, Minneapolis. Hear George S. Schuyler, Pitts burgh Courier columnist, at Hallie Q. Brown House, Wednesday, March 6, at P. M. Tell them you read it in the SPOKESMAN. MUSSOLINI’S INVASION Headed for War Thus, to the casual observer, it appears that Italy is moving rapid ly into war with Ethiopia while protesting that such is not her in tention. This opinion was strength ened this week when Italy refused Ethiopia's request for a commission to study the boundary and that a neutral zone be established until that is done. It is also openly stated here by newspaper observ ers that Mussolini is now adopting the belligerent attitude displayed by Italy in an effort to keep up the front he showed when he issued his first ultimatum to the African emperor. ‘ ■ ---* It was confidently expected at that time that Ethiopia would ac cept the conditions imposed by Italy, and bow down before the Fascist braggadocio as other coun tries have done recently. But when Emperor Haile Selassie an swered calmly that he was not look ing for a fight, but that he would just as soon chase Italy out of his front door as to continue wrangling with her, he surprised Mussolini and all his followers. Not only that, but he showed the world that Ethiopia still knows how to handle her problems even when the League proves woefully inade quate. Rome was shocked this week by another note from Ethiopia which declared that Emperor Haile Selas sie is not at all pleased with the boisterous soldiers Italy is pouring along the disputed boundary line. According to the note, Ethiopia is aware of the fact that this is an other gesture calculated to precipi tate another clash which will be a good excuse for open hostilities. Ethiopia, said the Emperor, will watch this development, and act accordingly. Village Reappears From Sea A fishing village near Telllcharry, India, was covered by the sea near ly forty years ago, and now a great stretch of land has reappeared. Land of Long Ears Natives of Easter island, posses sion of Chile, off the west coast of South America, have ears reaching down to their shoulders. Beaver One of Cleanest The beaver, classed as a rodent, Is one of the cleanest of animals and spends much time combing its fur. Edible Fish Of the more than 3,000 known va rieties of fish In the United States only 160 varieties are edible. 'Much Sugar Used In U. S. The yearly per capita consump-, tien of sugar In the United States Is about 100 pounds.