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, I do the very best I know how—the very best I can—and I mean to keep doing so until the end. If the end brings me out all right, what is said against me won’t amount to anything. If the end brings me out wrong, ten angels swearing I was right would make no differ ence.—Lincoln. to frt l^- Journalism among our group is charged with a greater responsi bility than among other groups. This is true because the opposition obtaining of those natural rights to which we are entitled must, time to time, be for.—The Chicago Defender. Page 2 MINNEAPOLIS SPOKESMAN CECIL E. NEWMAN, Editor and Publisher Arthur Allen, Advertising Manager W. M. Smith, Associate Editor Published every Friday 109 Third St. South, Minneapolis, Minnesota Phone: BRidgeport 3595 St. Paul Office: 732 St. Anthony Are. Phone ELkhurst 0195 SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, $2, si* months, $1.25, three months. 75 cents. BY CARRIER: 20 cents per month or five cents per copy. These rates are payable strictly in advance. Advertising rates furnished upon application. NATIONAL ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE: W. B. Ziff Co., 608 South Dearborn St„ Chicago, HU; 210 Walter Bldg, Atlanta, Ga.; 551 Fifth Ave. New York. 9 All the Negro race asks it that the door which rewards In dustry, thrifty intelligence and character be left at wide open to him 3 at to others. More than this he hat no right to request , less than this the Republic hat no right to vouchsafe. — B. T. Washington. NEW PROTECTORATE FOR LIBERIA When the Liberian government was organized it was adopted by the United States as a protectorate. The constitution of the country is fashioned after our government. In the preamble we say among other things, “to secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity.” The constitution of Liberia leaves out “posterity.” And the government has been run along those lines. Every act of the Liberian government has seemed a temporary one. If a loan was floated for a million dollars, after a term of years there has followed another bond issue for two and a half millions to pay off the last bonds and accumulated interest. When pay day has come, the government has always broken friendship with its creditors. The refunding and refinancing system has followed through half a century until now the debt for the original loan is near $7,500,000. The Firestone Rubber Company furnished the last money. Another angel must be found. This time they are making overtures to the German government. They know the Germans thought the devil catcher had caught them when France used Negro soldiers to guard the Rhine. But Liberia needs cash as usual without any thought of the future. There is talk of Germany becoming the protector of Liberia. Hannibal’s army and similar expeditions probably had something to do with the swarthy complexions and curly hair of southern Europe. It might be that a German invasion will change the complexions and hair of West Africa. Dr. Embre’s “Brown America” seems widening into a brown world. RACE RELATIONS AND TAX EXEMPTIONS At a recent meeting on “Race Relations” at the local Y. M. C. A., the question of “Tax Exemption” was injected. To most persons it seemed foreign to the subject. The statement was made that the Y. M. C. A. was unwise in limiting Negro membership because the law said “public” and there cannot be “public” without Negro. If anyone is interested, here is the law on tax exemptions: Section 1. Mason’s Minn. Statutes of 1927, Sec. 1975, hereby is amended so as to read as follows: “1975” All property described in this section to the extent herein limited shall be exempt from taxation, to-wit: 1. All public burying grounds. 2. All public school houses. 3. All public hospitals. 4. All academies, colleges, and universities, and all seminaries of learning. All churches, church property and houses of worship. Institutions of purely public charity. All public property exclusively used for any public purpose. All household goods of every household. The remainder has to do with farm machinery. Read the above carefully and determine just how an institution can be exempt from taxes in Minnesota and not admit Negroes on any grounds other than morals, minds and a few dollars in money. The last for membership fee. The fight being carried on by this paper to convince local industry of its unfairness towards the Negro worker is the battle of every Minnesotan of any race, creed or color who believes in justice. Union labor is almost as great an offender against the Negro worker as has been local industry. The two may fight between them selves but seem united on the program of “keep the Negro jobless,” or worse yet, on the relief rolls. One brewery official described fulsomely his charitable acts to wards Negro clubs, lodges and churches. How much he had helped some Negro—with charity. Many well intentioned business executives, like the one mentioned above, never heard of “helping a man help himself.” Few Negroes of today want charity, least of all, the Minnesota Negro. Give us the jobs that are our due and we will take care of our clubs, lodges and churches. An editorial bouquet is extended the Minneapolis Star, edited by the able, courageous Geo. H. Adams, for its fair and impartial news treatment of Daniel L. H. West. The Star did not capitalize on the fact that West is a Negro as did the Minneapolis Journal which emphasized West’s race. Friday, May 24, 1935 EDITORIAL NOTES v -j >Vfl & Unharnessed Power The Negro’s annual purchasing power is over $2,000,000,000 exclu sive of the purchases made by hundreds of thousands of Negro employees who are occupying po sitions requiring them to make purchases for their employers. The race annually sets aside in savings, principally in the form of life in surance, the considerable sum of $150,000,000 or 7.5 per cent of their earnings. In July last, 27 Negro in surance companies showed assets of $15,500.00 and total insurance in force of $181,800,000. The small Negro retail merchant annually sells more than $100,000,000 worth of merchandise. There are 300 Ne gro newspapers and periodicals. Of all Negro homes, 24 per cent are owned, totaling approximately 700,- 000 of which 480,000 are non-farm homes valued at $646,000,000. Among these homes are 1,289 val ued at more than $20,000 each, and nearly 7,000 with values ranging between SIO,OOO and $15,000. There are 61 Negroes residing in rural dwellings which, aside from the land, are valued at more than $lO,- 000 each. Negro churches are val ued at $206,000,000. In 1930 Negro farmers produced $664,000,000 worth of crops of which $119,000,- 000 represented the value of crops produced by 181,016 Negro farm owners. This sum represents a value about $6,000,000 more than the value of gold purchased in the whole United States during 1934, the greatest gold producing year (in value) in the history of the country. The acreage of 882,850 farms operated by Negro farmers in 1930 was 37,597,132 of which 11,198,893 acres were operated by owners. The value of this land with buildings was $334,451,396. The Negro’s farm implements and machinery in 1930 were valued at $19,784,411. From report of E. K. Jones. Health and Hygiene By Dr. W. D. Brown THE HARD OF HEARING It has been revealed that over 3,000,000 school children have de fective hearing. A study of the problem has shown that early diag- BP£- ;■> : / '' Sj&X- Dr. W. D. Brown nosis of a hearing deficiency is necessary if complete deafness is to be prevented or if the unfortu nate individual is to be prepared for an ultimate deafness. Slight degrees of deafness in children, and in adults as well, cause much less disability than slightly defective vision, and for this reason they are more easily overlooked. Within the last ten years an instrument, known as an audiometer, has been perfected and is in general use for picking up these early cases. Such an exami nation is very common at the pres ent time in the schools. However, the difficulty to be overcome is that of impressing upon the par ents the need of early treatment In every case the location of the exact trouble, whether it be in the nerve of hearing or in the conduc tion apparatus, must be made. Treatment must be directed to the exact cause, to predisposing causes, and to the building up of the gen eral health. This means that “ear wax” must be removed, or inflam mation of various parts of the mid dle ear must be cleared up, or dis eased focal infections such as dis eased tonsils, adenoids, carious or infected teeth, etc., must be eradi cated. Constitutional ailments such as tuberculosis, diabetes, etc., must receive appropriate treatment. Many of the cases will get pro gressively worse. This is no reason for discontinuing treatment but in addition the child or adult should be placed under a lip-reading teach er so that communication may be made easier or that in case of com plete deafness his handicap will be less. PROF. W. A. WEIR HOME AGAIN Professor William A. Weir, prominent St. Paul citizen and music teacher who has been under treatment at the hospital for sev eral months, has returned to his home, 575 West Central avenue, al most fully recovered. Prof. Weir will continue teaching and will ap preciate any new or former pupils who desire to take music instruc tions under him at their residence, or his music studio, 575 West Cen tral avenue. The Spokesman Leads the Field Friendly Tip TOILET ARTICLES Try Our Special STA-SWEET WE DELIVER Mrs. Minerva Totten, Agent 429 Colfax Avenue N. Hyland 5826 ZZZZZZZZZZZZ WHY SUBSTITUTE BURN THE GENUINE WEST VIRGINIA Pocahontas $11.35 EXTRA LARGE NUT AND PEA 4 Star Smokeless $12.80 EGG AND LUMP HOTTER. CLEANER. LONGER LASTING AND LESS ASH THAN POCAHONTAS. Michigan Coke $12.80 PEA SIZE Economy Coal $6.95 lowa Lamp, $7.80 SMITH FUEL CO. Your money back if not satisfied CH. 1724 241 W. BDWY. OH. 2724 CARCO (M. V.-Pa.) Nut and Pea $9.85 White Oak (Poco.) (W. Va.) Nut and Pea $11.35 Carnegie Dock & Fuel Co. 106 Sooth Bth St. Clean - Courteous - Service —HOME COOKING —QUALITY FOODS —POPULAR PRICES 229 Washington Avenue S. MAin 9002 K 1 'i " -'l.': '• * yH&ir’ TOW&lfl ffijSsSgW lisPF JSSPutoI mi py 4g ; W W V, jf f < W§m/ f & m wmmßm > Bl r s / mp ® P I M Wf r f J|k i| Ml m \Wfi J Mi# f jjk Jp M M |4iM ma» fIHyHMHHH JHMHR N i The little girls are members of the Phyllis Wheatley House’s danc ing classes which will appear in recital Friday night, May 31. Reading left to right the kiddies are Wanda Starks, Sylvia Starks, Delores Beasley and Ethel Kingsbury. Individually Tailored Gothes from the Finest Woolens Obtainable Prices $65.00 to SIOO.OO Millman Tailors 235 Plymouth Bldg. 6th St. at Hennepin Phone MAin 1628 Lena 0. Smith Attorney mt Lmm Suite 510-512 Palace Bldg. Minneapolis Office: RE. 8231; Res.: RE. 0400 Chicago Avenue Transfer Local and Long Distance Healing Crating, Shipping, Storage H. Thorson, Prop. 29th and Chicago Ave. Fraternal Notices Victory Chapter, O. E. S., meets the third Wednesday of each month at Fellowship Hall. Alma Woodson, W. M., 107 Hyland Ave. No., Atlantic 0747, Helen Jackson, Secretary. Ames Lodge, No. 100, L B. P. O. E. W., meets first and third Men* days ef each month at Elks* Boat, 148 Hyland Ave. N. J. W. Pate, exalted ruler; Cedi E. Newman, financial secretary. Downtown of fice, 809 Sooth Third St. Phone Bridgeport 8595. Elks* Beet phone, Hyland 9926. Visiting brothers welcome. WEISS’ GROCERY and MEATS 500 Rondo St. Cor. Macknbin DAIe 0299 We Deliver Dancing Tots OffiM. BY. 7787 Be.. CH. 4118 Dr. Robert W. Hatch Physician and Surgeon Lyndale at Sixth Ave. N. Res.: 1021 Bryant Ave. N. Minneapolis. Minn. Office Hours! 10 a. m. to 1 p. m. 2 p. m. to 5 p. m. Dr. W. D. Brown Physician ft Surgeon 408 Tribune Annex Office Residence MAin 6810 GEnere 4906 ■HP* FIBSQUALITY SUIT PANTS 9 Miuaoepolle' Oreotest Values! QUALITY Grodnik & Fassbinder TAILORS and CLOTHIERS MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. An Ad in the Minneapolis Spokesman is a Direct Appeal for Negro Business Call Bridgeport 3595 for Our -r Friday, Hay 24, 1935 400 Nicollet Avenue Classified Ads v , n.