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VOL. 9, NO. 21 BRidgeport 8595 1 Minneapolis, Minnesota, January 1,
Automobiles to Zoot Suite
Are Off Shoppers’ Lists;
A B C’s of Items Given
From automobiles to soot suits, the American shopper ran through
the alphabet of diminishing supplies last year.
Although 1942 saw sweeping curtailments of consumer goods, fur
ther cuts will come with 1948. But while remaining stocks of war cas
ualty items will dwindle, Americans are assured of enough of the basic
things they really need.
Ingenious substitutes —some bet
ter than the originals—will help
fill the gap at the retail counter,
and a nation of enthusiastic shop
pers has already accepted the fact
that expanding war production in
evitably means some shrinkage of
ordinary merchandise for civilians.
In 1942 America has cheerfully
given up dozens of items, familiar
New automobiles were wiped out
in 1942. Scrap aluminum from the
kitchen followed new aluminum to
the front. Alcohol is increasingly
needed for war use, and the supply
of some drinks is limited. War
needs af alcohol take precedence
over women’s favorite lotions, or
perfumes, or both.
Bristles for household brushes
have enlisted. So have bobby pins.
Belts on dresses are narrower.
Bicycle production has been sharp
ly limited. That American inven
tion, the banana split, has been
nearly destroyed by the shipping
shortage. Everybody knows about
that recent war delicacy, frozen
Chocolate, coffee, eream are no
longer served with a lavish hand.
There is no copper for civilians.
Corsets are re-designed to use lees
rubber. Cellophane, universal gla
mour wrapping, is restricted to es
sential protective needs. No clocks
are being made. Cosmetics are giv
ing up their fantastic containers.
There’s less chlorine for cleaning
and bleaching. New cameras are
scarce. Cuffs, on women’s dresses,
can no longer fold back in flatter
ing French style. Vitamin C is
Dye ingredients needed for war
lighten the tones of available
colors. Dog foods have received
government, attention. Even the
dentist’s drills have yielded to war
time necessity and been limited to
a few standardised sizes.
Electrical appliances have all
gone to war—refrigerators and
phonographs and sewing machines,
stoves and stokers, toasters and
carling irons. Most lamented of
household curtailments, their con
version importance is in proportion
to their domestic usefulness.
Feathers, fine goose and duck
grades, are needed for military
goods. Flaps have disappeared
from pockets. Restriction of flash
bulbs to the more essential uses is
another dim-out for the amateur
photographer. Fishing tackle, for
fun, is under orders. Fish, especial
ly sardines, salmon and mackerel,
are swimming off to war in cans.
Furniture is sans metal.
Gasoline rationing gave the aver
age American his most troublesome
purchase pinch to date. Golf, re
quiring rubber for balls and metal
for clubs, was one of the first large
scale national hobbies to reflect the
necessities of war.
Homos are limited to essential
maintenance and repair, no more
doing things over to gratify an im
pulse or impress the neighbors.
Hems, in dresses, can’t be more
than two inches deep. Over a year
ago, women learned that hosiery
would be different for the duration.
Severely cut for domestic use,
iron will make no more barbecue
gadgets and few kitchen utensils.
Ice cream, having achieved as
tonishing variety, now moves to
ward simplification. No now ice
cream molds win shape that inevit
able climax of a children’s party.
A Jacket can’t be sold as part of
a dross; and separate jackets are
limited in length. Jars, Hke other
containers; are being standardised.
The maaon jar, with its sine damp,
wfll Mt Um preserve closets in this
war m it did In the last. Jute; ths
imported fiber that malms string
tsugh, wfll tie few civilian pack
Knives, like all cutlery, are re
stricted, some non essential types
are out. Kapok, the silk-like fibre
from tropical plants, now makes
Hfs preservers instead of chair or
Lawn mowers are finished until
ths war Is. Lamps reflect the se
vere lustrictieM on copper wire.
■■ , , 1.,. —■— —.
Even lingerie has sacrificed many
of its frills—ruffles, all-over tuck
ing and pleating are through.
The shortage of metal is chang
ing the construction of such every
day objects as office files and
handbag frames. Dozens of fa
miliar items, altered or eliminated,
can trace fate to the rigid restric
tions on all metals. Mattresses,
matches and myrrh all know there’s
a war going on. As the year ends,
meat comes under war orders. The
p thick sirloin may be a greater nov
elty than terrapin.
Even notions show the metal cur
tailment—pins, hooks, and eyes,
sewing gadgets are no longer avail
able in lavish quantities. Naphtha,
important in domestic cleaning, is
under war limitations. And every
woman deplores the temporary loss
of nylon, that magic fiber promis
ing new developments for the fu
With oil rationing, America loses
many of its overheated houses. Un
necessary optical goods—sports
man’s binoculars and dowager’s op
era glasses—contribute their lenses
to more important uses. Olive
drab is not available for civilian
use—heading off an otherwise in
At first assumed to be the easy
substitute for metal, plastics are
disappearing from the field of
gadgetry. Printed fabrics, because
of the copper rollers necessary in
making them, are limited in type
and quantity. Spring patterns will
be designed to save fabric. The
baby’s perambulator is stripped of
its shining trimmings. Mechanical
pens and pencils no longer have the
eye in gay profusion. Paints have
loot some of their quick-drying and
Quinine, like other imported
drugs, is limited to its most vital
uses. Medicinal and flavoring
plants, little cultivated in this coun
try, will be short for the duration.
Even kitchen herbs are scarce.
Gourmets will have to do without
many favorite condiments.
Rubber restrictioM like restric
tions on automobiles and gasoline—
not only strike close to home, but
keep America there. While no
other prohibited rubber product ap
proaches tires in importance, the
rubber shortage shows on any shop-
(Continued on Page 4)
Victory la th. Nrw Tmr
Feb. 14 to 21
Judge Edward F. Waite, Chair
man of the Minneapolis Urban
League Interracial Committee, has
announced that the 1948 observance
of Race Relations Week will be held
February 14 to 21. A widely rep
resentative Committee will be
formed early in January for the
purpose of completing the plena
for the program. Members of vari
ous church bodies, civic and social
groups will be invited to partici
pate in the planning and promotion
of the Week’s activities.
The recent conference between
Lord Halifax and Walter White of
the NAACP symbolizes the wide
spread interest that is now being
directed toward the heretofore
much neglected area of interracial
and cultural relationships. The
present world conflict has done
much to focus attention upon the
need for a more intelligent, vig
orous and honest approach to the
question of race. This state of af
fairs lends added significance to the
annual Interracial Week activities
of the Minneapolis Urban League.
At a meeting of the League’s Ex
ecutive Committee Wednesday, De
cember 80, the Annual Vocational
Opportunity Campaign sponsored
by the National Urban League and
its local affiliates will be held dur
ing the week of March 14 to 21. .
The principal theme of the pro
gram, this year, will be based on
the contributions of Negro woman
power to the war production pro
gram. The Campaign will bo con
ducted nationally by Miss Ann Tan
neyhill, Director, Bureau of Guid
ance and Placement of the Nation
al Urban League.
Mississippi Leads With
3 Mob Murders
Official Standing, 1942
Mrs. Glenn’s Fall
Mrs. C. W. Glenn, 3640 Fourth
Ave. So., fell in her home Sunday
afternoon and was removed to
Fairview hospital the same day
suffering with a badly sprained
knee. She returned to her home
Tuesday afternoon with her knee
in a cast and is expected to be kept
indoors for three or four weeks.
Victory la th* N»w Y**r
SIX MONTHS OLD BABY
SMOTHERED IN CRIB
Theodore Cortland Barber, six
months old, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Milton Barber, County Road 3 at
Hazelwood avenue, was found dead
in his crib at 6:20 a. m. Saturday,
December 26, after being smoth
ered during the early morning
hours with the crib blankets.
Born June 26, 1942, little Theo
dore was the youngest of a family
of five children. Surviving are the
parents, the grandparents, Mr. and
Mrs. Benjamin Patrick, 667% Ron
do avenue, three sisters, Gertrude,
Clara Mae and Shirley, and one
brother, Milton Jr.
Funeral services were held Tues
day, December 29, at 2 p. m. from
the Brooks Funeral Home, 697
Rondo avenue, with Rev. B. N.
Moore, pastor of St. James A. M.
E. Church, officiating. Several
musical selections were rendered.
Interment was in Oakland ceme
Victory la th* N*w Tmt
To Give Three
The greatest in Russian Ballet
will be presented by H. Hurok’s
Ballet Theatre, a company of one
hundred dancers with music by the
Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra.
The dancers will appear in three
stage productions at the Northrop
Auditorium, University of Minne
On Friday, January 8, 8:30 p. m.,
"Giselle," “Three Virgins and a
Devil” and “Bluebeard” will be
presented. The famous ballet
“Bluebeard” was performed 68
times in New York—a world’s rec
“Princess Aurora,” “Pillar of
Fire” and “Helen of Troy” will be
performed on Saturday night, Jan
uary 9, at 8:30 p. m. These three
dances are full of drama and the
music by Tschaikowsky, Schoen
berg, and Offenbach will furnish an
excellent background of color and
• Sunday, January 10, will be a
matinee performance beginning at
3:00 p. m. This matinee presenta
tion is ideal entertainment for chil
dren as well as the adults. “The
Romantic Age,” “Peter and the
Wolf,” “Pas De Quatre,” “Pe
trouchka” will be staged.
Of the ten ballets to be presented
in the three performances, eight
are entirely new to the northwest.
John Martin, dance editor of the
New York Times, says, “This is the
finest ballet company that has yet
been seen in America.”
Principals in the company are
Massine, Baronova, Markova, Do
lin, Tudor, Chase, and Eglevsky.
Alicia Markova is England’s most
famous prims ballerina and dances
with such extraordinary fluency,
with such lightness and ease that
few people realise that behind her
swift graceful whirling and
pirouetting lies a technical skill al
most unequalled in modern danc
Tickets for all three perform
ances are on sale at the Downtown
Ticket Office and the Symphony
Ticket Office in Minneapolis and
the Field Schlick Office in St Paul
for the popular price (tax included)
82.75, 82.20, 81.65, 81.10.
of Officers to
Be Held Jan. 10
The second annual meeting of the
Council of Negro Organizations
will be held January 10 at Phyllis
Wheatley House at 4 p. m. Officers
for 1948 win be elected. A panel
discussion is being planned on the
subject “Do Negroes want total in
tegration." A more complete story
will be carried in this paper next
The War was the main news of 1942. The Negro communities of
St. Paul and Minneapolis or Minneapolis and St. Paul, according to
where you live, subordinated all of their peace-time activity to those
things designed to win the war.
We have culled from the 52 issues of 1942 the following headlines
which may remind constant readers of what went on during the past
Four states, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina
were tied for lynching honors in the year 1941 which was just ending.
Edmund T. Hill, St. Paul Pioneer, Dies. Jack Diamond Grocery Robbed.
Owen Howell Marries. Navy Policy Towards Race May Change. Mill
City Attorney Wiggins Balks Plan to Bar Non-Whites from Resi
dential District. Urban League Auxiliary Announces SIOO Scholarship.
Pullman Porters Brotherhood Gets $24 Per Month Increase for Porters.
Eli Paul Dies. “Native Son” Starring Canada Lee Plays Here. Robert
“Bob” Belton Visits Here. Death Took A. W. Frazier, Jennie Koger.
Stassen Named Frank Alsup to Defense Labor-Management Com
mittee. Jos. B. Levy Named President of Omaha 400 Employes Club.
Cassius Is New Business and Professional Assn. President. Dr. W. D.
Brown Named President of Minneapolis Council of Negro Organiza
tions. P. M. Daily Newspaper Claims “Jim Crow” Cripples Nation’s
War Effort Among Negroes. State Baptists Met At Zion Church.
Five More Negroes Named to Twin City Ordnance Plant Guard Force.
Two Men Enter Federal Cartridge Production Training School for
Ordnance Plant. Police Make Perennial Raid on Negro Operated Night
Spot. Negro Ministers Refuse Offer of Audience with Stassen Ar
ranged By Politician. Former White Minnesota Marine Asks President
To Allow Him to Serve with Mixed Division.
P. M. Daily Newspaper Says Negro Still Lukewarm Towards War
Effort. Harry Hill Walks from Minneapolis To New Brighton To Be
On Time At Ordnance Plant. Women Put Dr. F. E. Harrington, Southern
Born Mill City Health Commissioner, On Spot. Harrington’s Order To
Jim Crow Women Ordered Nullified By Welfare Board. Isaac Moore’s
Brother Dies. Dr. Brown Startles Twin Cities By Urging Negroes To
Raise $500,090 To Advance Their Cause Locally. William Dickens Fired
Funeral Services Held for Andrew Jackson Fraternal Figure.
KKK Behind Attack On Negroes Moving Into Detroit Housing Project.
International Harvester Plant Upgrades Negro Employes After Article
in Spokesman and Recorder Newspapers. Fred D. McCracken Returns
To St Paul. White Waitresses’ Union Members Force Cafe Proprietor
To Stop Discrimination Against Negro Patrons. Samuel L. Ransom
Named To Governor’s Home Defense Force Staff As Major. St. Paul
NAACP Launches Member Drive. Crowd Hears Lester Granger and
Charles L. Horn At Urban League Dinner. Stassen Says Defense Ban
On Negro Enlistees Not Changed by His Appointment of Negro Major.
Willkie Raps Ban Qp Negro Seamen By Navy.
niuxic rvapo nan vyi ctonim ay
EL Frederick Morrow Calls Negroes Refugees of Democracy.
Northern Pump Huge War Plant Finally Elmploys Three Negroes.
Minnesota Daily Student Newspaper Aids In Fight Against Housing
Jim Crow On Campus. Local Men Leave for Army Camps Every 14
Days. Cleo Steele Dies of Burns. Minnesota Baptists Attend Meeting
In Des Moines. Catholics Honor Famous Father Markoe.
Mrs. Minnie Archer Dies. Arthur Allen Buried in Omaha. Gordon
Parks Gets Rosenwald Fellowship for Photography. Al Knutsen
Observes 15 Years of Business On Minneapolis Southside. Raymond
Hatcher Accepts Post with Detroit Urba* League. Cecil Newman Joins
War Plant Staff. Death Took Laura Thompson and Edward Robinson.
Mrs. Fannie Lynn Breaks Arm. Magnolia Latimer Resigns Wheatley
Community House Post. Wayne King, Orchestra Leader, Leaves Hotel
Because of Presence of Negro Guests. Harry L. Scott Clears Man
Charged with Shooting Two Women. Report 200 Employed at New
Negroes Swamp U. S. Navy Recruiting Offices As Ban Is Lifted.
J. E. Jones Retires from Pullman Service. Elder Graham Feted for 22
Years Service. Vivian Ellis Armistead. Forty-seven Answer Draft Call.
Alice Onque To New York. Rev. C. F. Keefe Leaves St. Peter Clever.
T. B. Carey Named To War Chest Board. Wife of Late J. Q. Adams,
Pioneer Publisher, Dies In Chicago. Zoo Monkey Attacks Howell Child.
Heart Attack Fatal To A. B. Lewis, Pilgrim Church Official. Alice
Franklin, 80 Year Old Woman, Entertains Three Lodges.
McNutt Raps Prejudice Employers. Mass Market Fined for Sell
ing Unfit Flour. Hezzie Allen Wins Central States Golf Crown. Claude
Burnaugh Dies. Margaret Lazenberry Registered Nurse at Twin City
Ordnance Becomes First Negro War Plant Nurse In Country. Phi
Delta Kappa Oldest Honorary Educational Fraternity Admits First
Two Negroes. Coffey “U” President Reverses Stand On University of
Minnesota Housing Bar.
Thann Travis Widow Loses $2,000 To Confidence Men. Clarence
M. Mitchell Here To Investigate War Plant Discrimination. Franklin
Harris and Irene Robinson Dead. American Hoist & Derrick Employs
Negroes. Henry Thomas Named Acting Wheatley Head. Sam Reed and
Beatrice Schnek To Wed. Paper Observes Bth Anniversary. William
Jones la First Twin City Soldier To Die In Camp. Rockefeller Slams
Jim Crow Bans Boat Ride and Picnic. Doctor Orders Rev. H. W. Botts
To Rest. Thomas Vennum, Mill City Urban League President, Heads
Fair Employment Committee Executive Group. Musicians Group In
stalls Mrs. Ware President. Women’s Dey At Zion Church Attracts
Minneapolis Spokesman Queries Hennepin County Attorney Candi
dates On Attitude Toward Negro Citizen's Rights. Filipinos Welcome
In Home Guard, No Negroes Need Apply. Hector Hunter Named
Masonic Grand Master. Frank Boyd Speaks On Poll Tax and Labor.
W. B. Walkers Injured In Auto Accident. Northwestern African Meth
odists Convene In St. Paul for Annual Conference. British Treat
Negro Troops Well, Recent U. S. Cracker Attempt To Force Jim Crow.
Esther Bradley Runs for Street Car, Injured By Fall. Georgia Voters
Turn Down Race Baiter Gene Talmadge. Soldiers Vote Bill with No
Poll Tax Passed. John B. Hawley of Northern Pump Hails from Texas.
Funeral Heid for Cassie Hill. Thann Travis Widow Gets Money
Back. Munsingwear Agrees To Hire Negro Workers. St. Paul Fire
Station No. • Personnel Distributed To Other Stations. Al Brown Dies.
Churchill Under Fire About Treatment of U. S. Negro Troops. Ran
dolph Addressee St Paul Urban League Annual Meeting. St. Paul
Police Confiscate Sign Barring Negroes from Restaurant. -Randolph
Blasts AFL for Failure To Oust Discrimination from Ranks.
Duke Ellington Orchestra Bandstand Behaviour Rapped. Gopher
Lodge Entertains Inductees. W. H. McClellan Dies. U. S. Indicts
Florida Sheriff for Working Prisoners. Negro Sailor Tows Raft Through
Shark Infested Waters To Save Companions. Marian Anderson
Triumphs In Recital. Southern Senators Filbuster Anti-Poll Tax Bill
To Death. Sterling Club Celebrates 25th Birthday. Wm. H. Gaston
Retired St. Paul Officer Dies at 69. Sergeant Sam Reed Demoted Be
cause of Request for Better Treatment for Negro Soldiers. Harvey
Grant and Mrs. Ella Brady Dead.
Rev. C. B. Wheeler Heads Ministers. T. B. Carey Gets War Plant
Jeb. Palestine Lodge Honors “Bob” Moulden. Mrs. Eva Neal Heads
Spanish War Veterans Auxiliary. President Orders Lend-Lease for
Ethiopia. William “BiUy” Graham Seriously 111. Twin Qty Mass Meet
ings On Mistreatment of Soldiers Held. Hotel Must Pay Sou t hemair es
for Service Refusal.
, Pioneered in
WELL KNOWN BEAUTICIAN
DIES FROM CEREBRAL
Henrietta Goins, 410 Carroll ave
nue, one of the best of the beau
ticians in St. Paul, died Monday,
December 28, at St. John’s Hos
pital, following a cerebral hemor
rhage on Tuesday, December 22,
which necessitated her immediate
removal to St. John’s Hospital
where she died without regaining
Born in Little Rock, Arkansas,
October 24, 1895, Mrs. Goins’ fam
ily have been residents of the city
for more than twenty-five years,
having lived in Rochester, Minne
sota, for a time before making their
home in St. Paul.
For a number of years, Mrs.
Goins was proprietor of the Hen
rietta Beauty Shop at Rondo and
Chatsworth and later in her home
on Carroll avenue.
Funeral services were held on
Thursday, December 31, at 2 p. m.
at Camphor M. E. Church with
Rev. T. R. Nelson officiating. Mu
sical selections were rendered by
the Camphor M. E. Choir, of which
the deceased was a member and
leading soloist. Interment was in
Survivors include her husband,
Roy M. Goins, head of the Redcaps
at the Union Depot; her mother,
Mrs. Esther O’Shields; brother,
William (Bill) O’Shields of Talla
dega, Alabama; sister, Mrs. Lillie
Bell Wright of Tuskegee Institute,
Alabama, and a sister, Miss Ruth
O’Shields of this city. Mr. O’Shields
and Mrs. Wright came to the city
to attend the services.
Victory la the New Tear
McNutt Stand on
Washington, D. C. Learning
Paul V. McNutt, chairman of War
Manpower Commission, had person
ally addressed a meeting of the
Capital Transit workers in an ef
fort to balk any conflicts stemming
iron* feeling against the employ
ment of Negro street car and bus
drivers as ordered in the recent
FEPC directive, the NAACP sent
this week the following wire to Mc-
TIONS ON YOUR RECENT
ADDRESS TO MEMBERS
OF THE AMALGAMATED
ASSOCIATION OF STREET
RAILWAY AND MOTOR
COACH UNIONS. WITH THE
PRESIDENT THE NAACP
TAKES THE STAND THAT
ALL AVAILABLE MAN
POWER MUST BE UTIL
IZED TO MAKE REAL THE
WINNING OF THE PEACE
AND TOWARD THIS AC
INATION AND SEGREGA
TION MUST BE ABSOLUTE
Both W. D. Mahon, president of
the AFL Amalgamated Associa
tion of Street Railway and Motor
Coach Unions, and J. G. Bigelow,
president of the Unions’ Washing
ton local, appealed to white work
ers to accept Negroes in their
Happy Naw Year
New Staff to
Meet Public At
Jan. 3 Reception
The Phyllis Wheatley Settlement
House auxiliary will present new
staff members at a reception on
Jan. 3at4p. m. at the House. A
cordial invitation has been extended
to the public.
Happy Naw Yaap
Mrs. May me Donovan Jackson
of Detroit, Michigan, a former
Minneapolis resident and a member
of the police force, is in the city
for a Christmas vacation. Mrs.
Jackson arrived in the city on Wed
nesday, December 23, and is the
house guest of Mr. and Mrs. S.
Edward Hall, 996 Iglehart avenue.
In Detroit, Mrs. Jackson is em
ployed in the Attendance Depart
ment of the Board of Education.
Several social courtesies have al
ready been extended Mrs. Jackson
and many more are planned, among
which is a dinner on New Year’s
Eve at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Wm. G. Hood, 674 St. Anthony ave
Oar Job Is to Save
Ml Evary Pay Day
Eisen howerr raises Bravery
of Negro Troops Who Landed
Ammunition Under Fire
GENERAL EISENHOWER i part effectively in the campaign.
PRAISES COLORED TROOPS Americans of the colored race
r NORTH AFRICA should be proud of the service of
North Africa (Via Cable) —Lieu- I their representatives in combat,
tenant General Dwight D. Eisen- ; the General continued. He cited es
hower, Commander-in-Chief of the pecially the steadfastness and brav-
Allied Forces in North Africa, has ery of the Ordnance Company
commended the courageous service which successfully handled the de
of the American Negroes in the livery of high explosive bombs at
United States Army during action Arzew, continuing to put the
in North Africa. Among the Amer- bombs ashore under heavy fire at
ican units in those operations are this little port near Oran,
several Ordnance ammunition bat-
talions and one Quartermaster ; General Eisenhower said that this
Truck Regiment composed of demonstration of courage was a
colored troops. significant indication of what could
General Eisenhower reported be anticipated from American
that the Negro soldiers had taken colored troops in the future.
Attack Red Cross for
Jim Crow Practices at
Home and Abroad
NAACP CONTINUES ATTACK
ON JIM CROW RED CROSS
New York, N. Y.—Voicing vigor
ous opposition to the Red Cross
plan to continue with the introduc
tion and extension of segregation
in England and other places by
labeling certain Red Cross clubs as
“exclusively for Negroes in the Eu
ropean theatre of operations,” the
NAACP this week stated in a let
ter to Mr. Norman H. Davis, Presi
dent of the American Red Cross:
“It is our information that prior
to the above action Negro soldiers
have eaten, used the recreation
rooms, lounges and shower rooms
and all other facilities of non-segre
gated American Red Cross Clubs
without difficulty of any sort with
but a very few exceptions. This
makes all the more indefensible and
MILL CITY PARENTS RECEIVE
LETTER FROM SON IN AFRICA
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Miller, 523
Colfax A*.. Now received the fol
lowing letter of Christmas greeting
from their soldier son just before
Christmas. He is somewhere in
Africa. The letter is so interest
ing, with the permission of the
parents, we reprint it here:
December 12, 1942.
Somewhere in Africa.
Hello Mom and Dad:
I’ll write small in order to get
most of my letter on this special
Christmas greeting the army is al
lowing us. I wrote a letter before
but I doubt if you received it yet.
We are all well and contented for
the time being. Africa is not at
all country that I had visioned it
to be. This section that I am in,
surprised me a great deal. Some
of the cities are very modern to
a respect even though the Arabs
are dirty and ragged. Panhandling
must have taken its start here. The
small kids just about chase you
around begging and the items that
they ask for most are chewing gum,
“bom-boms” (life savers) and
The older French people even lose
some of their respect and pride
to ask the American soldiers for
chewing gum or “bon-bons.” This
seemed strange at first for adults
or the numerous kids to continue
this act. But they must have been
out of these sweets for a long
Some of the Arab customs I’ve
heard about—such as, the women
concealing their faces behind veils.
The French are very friendly to
us. We are getting accustomed to
use of their French francs, which
one dollar is worth 75 francs. The
Armistead Dies; Allegedly
Shot Self With Gun
Worn by Plant Guard
FUNERAL SERVICES HELD
FOR JOHN L. ARMISTEAD JR.
WHO TOOK OWN LIFE
Private funeral services were
held Monday, December 28, at 10
a. m, at the Brooks Funeral Home,
697 Rondo avenue, for John L.
Armistead Jr n 976 Carroll avenue,
who died at Ancker Hospital from
a 38-calibre bullet wound in the
left temple which was allegedly
self inflicted after he snatched the
weapon from the holster of O'Neal,
war plant guard. At press time
Ransom was still being held at the
Public Safety Building as a ma
Services were conducted by the
Rev. Fr. Lewellyn Williams, rector
of St. Philip’s Episcopal Church,
with selections by the Choir.
inexplicable the attitude of the
American Red Cross. Insistence
upon it of Jim Crowism not only is
a needless irritation to Negro sol
diers and officers who are, presum-
ably, in the American Theater of
Operations to fight for democracy
but it will inevitably accentuate
prejudice or ignorance on the part
of some American white soldiers so
far as Negroes are concerned. And
I need only mention here the wide
spread and growing resentment of
English people at the foisting of
American racial segregation pat
terns on Englishmen and English
territory. We further understand
there are a considerable number
of white Red Cross workers who
are bitterly opposed to this intro
duction of segregation which more
accurately fits a Hitlerian than a
democratic way of life.”
little Spanish I know comes in han
dy. if they speak Spanish we can
gather the information we want to
know through a few Spanish words
and hand signs. Some of the
French words are similar to Span
ish and that also helps us.
Every day you can see the Arabs
out with their baskets of tanger
ines or the small donkeys loaded.
They really load them and also
those French and Arab busses.
The early morning busses haven’t
anything on them. Most of the
cars here burn charcoal as a source
of fuel. The reason I wrote about
these things, because I know you
would like to hear of them.
I guess everyone home has the
Christmas spirit. Well it isn’t so
hard for me because I have wit
nessed a Christmas away from
home before. Tell everyone that
I wish them a Merry Christmas
and all of the sayings that go with
it I hope that Christmas this year
will be one of the happiest for you.
I know I’ll always remember it
When you write tell me everything
that has happened since I have left.
How are Jimmy and Evelyn do
ing in school, what Bob is doing
and about Tomboy Marlyn. Are
my two little nieces talking yet?
Let Joe and Mildred know how
things are because this is the only
letter I am able to write that will
have any chance of making the
A VERY MERRY CHRISTMAS
Staff Sgt Earl W. Miller,
604th Old. Co., A. M. M.
A. P. O. 668
c/o Poetmaster N. Y., N. Y.
U. S. A.
Bom in St Paul, Minnesota, 25
years ago, the deceased was reared
and educated in the public schools
of this city.
Survivors include his parents,
Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Armistead Sr.,
a grandfather in Oklahoma, who
came to the city for services and
interment, a sister, Mrs. George
C. Shannon, 693 Carroll avenue, and
two nephews, George C. Shannon
Jr. and Jack Shannon.
tio% OF INCOM*
IS OUR QUOTA
M WAR BONN
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