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S"--*\ A 'r- ' , 1 ——-■-- »=w PAYROLL UPWARD! | fl ,- x I CLIMBING UPWARD! The highly increased payroll of N S' 1 k / -A A I -. -. . A .. Negro families in this city presents /\/ ,Ai I ««■>•*••» J* an excellent market to those business R / —\ Z- | among people of .U race, has climbed concerns who have not yet realized ||| ( X - ,n the riSM VOL. 9, NO, 22 BRidgeport 3595 MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1943 YEAR—7 CENTS A COPY Sam Reed Coordinating Committee Issues Bulletin A bulletin outlining the case of Sam Reed, demoted St. Paul soldier, was issued by the Twin City Coordinating Committee which seeks a Congressional investigation of treatment of Reed in the Army. The bulletin also announced the sending of Rev. C. T. R. Nelson of St. Paul and Irving J. Blumberg to Washington to investigate the case. BULLETIN Sam Reed Coordinating Committee Twin City Branches National As sociation for the Advancement of Colored People The bulletin said: The tragic circumstances sur rounding the demotion of former Sergeant-Major Samuel Reed and First Sergeant Clifford Clemmons at Camp Lee, Virginia, dramatize the vicious and undemocratic treat ment of Negro citizens in the armed forces. Because 25-year-old Samuel Reed, a native of St. Paul and a graduate of the University of Minnesota, is known and re spected by thousands of Twin City citizens, his case has an especial appeal to all progressive men and women in these communities. The facts in the case, as they have been presented in documentary form to the Committee, are as follows: OCT. 24, 1942: Sergeant Reed and Sergeant Clemmons, with nine other non-commissioned officers, presented a list of recommenda tions to the top officer of Camp Lee asking that colored soldiers be granted their “full and equal” rights on the military reservation and in the surrounding community. The list of recommendations cen tered around charges of discrimi nation in the assignment and equip ment of Negro Military Police; dis crimination on public conveyances; discrimination in the use of facili ties of the camp (post exchanges, theaters, service clubs, sports cen ters and certain areas); the dis criminatory policy of the War De partment in limiting Negroes by quota in some branches of the service (the Army Air Corps) and the opening of branches now closed to Negroes (the Army Glider Pilot training program). Sergeant Reed was the chairman of the commit tee which signed the list of recom mendations. NOV. 1, 1942: Sergeant Reed was reprimanded by his superior officers because of the alleged dis appearance of a routine paper con cerning an officer candidate which was supposed to have been placed on his desk. Since the paper re ferred to was of such a nature that it could have been easily replaced, it was felt that the matter had ended. NOV. 6, 1942: Without warning. Sergeant Reed was placed under arrest by-orders of Colonel Henry, Brigade Commander. NOV. 13, 1942: Master Sergeant Reed was offered the alternative of standing trial by court martial or accepting demotion to the ranks for his alleged destruction of the paper referred to above. First Sergeant Clemmons was also of fered the alternative of standing trial by court martial or accepting reduction to the ranks because he had supposedly “treated one of the trainees in his charge in a brutal manner.” Both of these non-com missioned officers being only too familiar with the system of prej udice and discrimination against Negro soldiers (as evidenced by their recommendations), “ac cepted” the demotion. Sergeant Reed was transferred to Fort Dix. The whereabouts of Sergeant Clemmons is unknown. NOV. 18, 1942: Colonel Henry called a meeting of all Negro non commissioned officers of both th* 9th and 11th regiments at Camp Lee and informed them he had found it necessary to reduce these two high-ranking non-commis sioned officers in his brigade be came they had protested against the army policy of race segrega tion. Then, this commanding offi cer, in real southern fashion, told these Negro officers that they would have to “shut their damn mouths and accept the army’s policy and practice of discrimina tion or be busted and shipped.” The Twin City Branches of the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People, and representatives of many liberal and labor organizations, angry at the treatment which had been accorded these men, protested the matter to the War Department. The War Department, through Major Gen eral James Edmonds, replied that “Their demotions were coinciden tal with the drafting and presenta tion of the set of recommendations but had no relation thereto.” Our committee is in possession of documentary evidence to sub stantiate its belief that this was no “coincidence.” The charges against Reed and Clemmons have every appearance of being trumped up in order to cover up the real (Continued on Page 4) To Interview Persons Seeking Defense Jobs A representative of a local war plant will interview applicants for positions Monday, Jan. 11, from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. at the St. Pau? Urban League office, 138 E. 6th St. Wednesday the representative will -interview Minneapolis appli cants at the Minneapolis Urban League, 240 S. Fourth St., from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. A large number of jobs are avail able and qualified persons will have opportunity for placement. BALLET STAR C.' :< ' ALICIA MARKOVA Featured Star In Russian Ballet Perhaps no theatrical venture traveling in the country today em braces as many great stars as does The Ballet Theatre which brings the Twin Cities annual Russian bal let season to Northrop Auditorium on the University of Minnesota campus Friday and Saturday nights and Sunday afternoon with the Minneapolis Symphony Or chestra. And all of the great stars will be seen in each performance, all of which will consist of entirely differ ent productions, ten of them in all. Among the stars are Alicia Mar kova, Irina Baronova, Anton Dolin, Andre Eglevsky, Karen Conrad, Nora Kaye, Rosselle Hightower, Lucia Chase, Annabelle Lyon, An tony Tudor and many others. On Friday, January 8, 8:30 p. m., “Giselle,” “Three Virgins and a Devil” and "Bluebeard" will be presented. The famous ballet “Bluebeard” was performed 68 times in New York—a world’s rec ord. “Princess Aurora,” “Pillar of Fire” and “Helen of Troy” will be performed on Saturday night, Jan uary 9, at 8:30 p. m. These three dances are full of drama and the music by Tschaikowsky, Schoen berg, and Offenbach will furnish an excellent background of color and movement. Sunday, January 10, will be a matinee performance beginning at 3:00 p. m. This matinee presenta tion is ideal entertainment for chil dren as well as the adults. “The Romantic Age,” "Peter and the .Wolf,” “Pas De Quatre,” “Pe trouchka” will be staged. Of the ten ballets to be presented in the three performances, eight are entirely new to the northwest. John Martin, dance editor of the New York Times, says, “This is the finest ballet company that has yet been seen in America.” Principals in the company are Massine, Baronova, Markova, Do lin, Tudor, Chase, and Eglevsky. Alicia Markova is England’s most famous prima ballerina and dances with such extraordinary fluency,- with such lightness and ease that few people realize that behind her swift graceful whirling and pirouetting lies a technical skill al most unequalled in modern danc ing. Tickets for all three perform ances are on sale at the Downtown Ticket Office and the Symphony Ticket Office in Minneapolis and the Field Schlick Office in St. Paul for the popular price (tax included) 32.75, $2.20, $1.65, sl.lO. Our Job Is to Save Dollars Bu y War Bond* L II J* Every Fay Day NEW ARRIVALS AT FORT HUACHUCA—Here are new inductees and WAAl'b at chej appeared on the first day ot their training period at the famous Arizona Army post. *"The boys have been provided with their issue of uniforms and hasten to the barracks. The girls seem well pleased with their new outfits. Uncle Sam’s soldiers are the best dressed in all the world. Employment in War Plants in Mpls. Climbing The number of Negroes em ployed by local war plants con tinues to increase, according to re ports 'of the Minneapolis Urban League. Among those firms that have hired additional workers dur ing the past month are Minneapolis Honeywell, International Harvest er Company, D. W. Onan Sons, Twin Cities Ordnance Plant, Mun singwear Corporation. Additional jobs have been secured with the garment manufacturing industry and with several local foundries. More Negro women are being employed by war plants, but with the exception of the Twin Cities Ordnance Plant and Munsingwear Corporation the employment of these women is not proceeding as rapidly as it is for the city as a whole. The Urban League report shows that there has been no change in the number of Negroes employed by the Northern Pump Company. Three men were em ployed by this firm approximately a year ago. To this date the num ber remains the same. Chas. W. Washington, Executive Secretary of the Minneapolis Ur ban League, states that a casual check of the war training program shows that a number of Negroes are taking advantage of the op portunities to develop and improve their skill. However, the present number of trainees is negligible in comparison with what the situa tion ought to be. Those interested in securing information regarding various training programs are ad vised to contact the training di vision of the United States Em ployment Service, Miller Vocation al School and the National Youth Administration. Information re garding other training opportun ities at the University of Minne sota, Dunwoody Institute, can be secured from the Urban League office. NEW BOY SCOUT TROOP TO BE ORGANIZED In connection with an effort to start a new boy scout troop at St. Peter Claver Church, the Men’s Club of the church is sponsoring a moving picture show on Friday, January 8, at 8 p. m., in the sub auditorium of the church. The movie is entitled, “The Trail to Citizenship” and is being shown by the Local Council of the St. Paul Boy Scout organization. Membership in this new boy scout troop will be restricted to the boys of St. Peter Claver and those in the immediate neighborhood of the church. Boys between the ages of 12-15, their parents and friends are invited to come out Friday eve ning to the movie and organization meeting. The special committee for the or ganization of this new group of boys is headed by Mr. Owen C. Howell, president of the Men’s Club, and the other members of the committee include Doctors Earl S. Weber and Charles H. Williams, Messrs. Fred Schuck, William J. Gardner and David J. Payne. Josephine Hall Dead Mrs. Josephine Benton Hall, niece of Mrs. Renix Duke and Mrs. M. R. Wilson, both of Minneapolis, died Sunday morning, January 3, at the Anoka, Minnesota, Hospital, after a long time illness. Mrs. Hall lived in Minneapolis most of the 43 years of her life. Mrs. Duke and Mrs. Wilson, her aunts, will accompany the remains to Kansas City, Missouri, for fu neral services and burial. Also surviving is Luther Benton of Kansas City, Missouri, and other relatives of Missouri. Annual Credit Union Meeting Monday 8 P.M. Assets of nearly $5,000 will be reported at the sixth annual meet ing of the Associated Negro Credit Union at Hallie Q. Brown House Monday, Jan. 11, at 8 p. m. Beginning with assets of less than S6O this credit union has plugged along for nearly six years against many obstacles and with volunteer workers entirely. The election of officers will be held, annual reports will be made, and the value of Credit Unions will be discussed by a panel including Miss I. Myrtle Carden, Rev. B. N. Moore, Wm. Moden, Wilmoth Bowen and Dr. W. D. Brown. R. E. Archer, treasurer of the League Credit Union of Minnesota, will be on hand also. During the life of this organiza tion it has offered various services to the community, the latest being a Christmas Savings Plan. Wilmoth Bowen, manager of the Sumner Co-Op Grocery, Minne apolis, will attempt to show how other cooperative or private enter prises can be bolstered by credit unions. The whole community is urged to attend this meeting, join in the dis cussion and learn more about credit unions. (The credit union annual state ment is elsewhere in this issue.) Lieut. Robert S. Brown, son of Mrs. Esther Brown, 3828 sth Ave. So., arrived at home Christmas Day from Camp Davis, N. Caro lina, where he received his com mission as Lieutenant. He left Sat urday for Camp Tyson where he will be stationed temporarily. ST. PAUL WESTERN UNION HIRES YOUNG RACE LAD S. Vincent Owens, Executive Sec retary of the St Paul Urban League, Wednesday announced the placement of a young man as mes senger boy for Western Union Telegraph Co. The new employee, Richard Lawrence, who began work the latter week in December, is the son of Rev. and Mrs. Alf Law rence, 333 H No. Chatsworth, and is attending Central High School. This placement follows a con ference held with Western Union officials a few weeks ago when they made a statement to the Urban League Secretary that they would hire messenger boys or girls and clerks. Mpls. Council Annual Meeting Sunday Afternoon The annual meeting of the Coun cil of Negro Organizations will be held at the Phyllis Wheatley House on Sunday, January 10, at 4 p. m. The Executive Committee of the Council has planned an interesting program in the nature of a panel discussion “Do Negroes Want Total Integration?” The discussion will be led by three well known speakers, John M. Patton, chairman of the St. Paul Community Council; Erma Clardy, secretary of the Minneapolis Branch of the N. A. A. C. P.; and Talmadge Carey, secretary-treas urer of the Associated Negro Credit Union. Following the talks by the three speakers, there will be a general discussion in which ev eryone is invited to participate. The annual report of the officers and committee chairmen will be made and the election of officers for 1943 will be held. We urge all delegates to be pres ent. Brother of L 0. Smith and Mrs. W. D-Brown Dies Herman A. Smith, son of Mrs. G. D. Smith of Minneapolis, now in Los Angeles, Calif., died sud denly January 2, on a train en route from Winnipeg, Manitoba, his home, to Vancouver, B. C., Canada. He was an employee of the Cana dian National R. R. Educated in the Lawrence, Kan sas, public schools and the Univer sity of Kansas, Mr. Smith lived in Minneapolis for a number of years before going to Canada where he had resided for 35 years prior to his death. In Minneapolis, Miss L. O. Smith, attorney, and Mrs. W. D. Brown, sisters, survive. Two brothers, Johnny and Prentiss, also survive. Services will be held at Lake wood Chapel, Minneapolis, Satur day morning, January 9, at 10:30 a. m. The Truth About the Matter The official announcement of fig ures on Negro draftees and enlist ments quashes two ugly rumors. It ends the rumor that Negroes were not drafted in proportion to their numbers in the population— they were, and a little bit more, though at first the rate was slower. For with segregation in the ranks, they sometimes had to wait on new facilities and the organization of new units. It also ends the rumor that Ne groes don’t think the country worth defending. They are justifiably critical about the way they are sometimes treated. But this is their country, too, and 16 per cent of the “volunteers entering the army through selective service” were Negroes. Moreover, 10.1 per cent of the soldiers “inducted into the army through selective service” were Negroes, though Negroes make up only 9.8 per cent of the population. Des Moines (Iowa) Register. O’NEAL RELEASED Ransom O’Neal, former war plant guard, held for questioning in the recent shooting of J. L. Armistead Jr., was released last Thursday when a coroner’s jury inquest called Armistead’s death a suicide. John M. Culver Wins Promotion to Fire Engineer John M. Culver, 1489 N. Western avenue, St. Paul, who has been a member of the fire department since 1929, was recently promoted to the position of engineer. He re ceived a civil service rating which entitled him to the position, and he was appointed by Chief William J. Sudeith. He began work in his new posi tion on January 1. Mr. Culver has been active in civic affairs in St. Paul and is regarded through the performance of his work as merit ing this promotion. He is married and has two children. The closing of Station No. 9, former all Negro manned station, there was concern expressed in the community as to whether Negro citizens would be able to advance in a department. However, G. H. Barfuss, commissioner of public safety, said that Negroes would be appointed from the eligible list in regular order. The new policy means that Negro eligibles may be appointed to any position in the fire department, and not confined to any special designation. In 1940 a Citizens Committee composed of Samuel L. Ransom, W. S. Butler, I. Myrtle Carden, Rev. G. L. Hayden, Cecil E. New man, John M. Patton and Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr., who was then ex ecutive secretary of the St. Paul Urban League, approached the commissioner of Public Safety and the Fire Chief in an effort to see that the jobs of the men in Station No. 9 were safeguarded by keep ing the staff up to the regular num ber of people required at the sta tion. There was an attempt also to have a Negro captain appointed, but there were eligibles ahead of the Negro candidate who would not waive in his favor, but were willing to go to the station manned by colored firemen rather than lose civil service rights. Fifty-two Weeks Of Pleasure!! Mail subscribers get 52 weeks, one year of pleasure brought to their door by the mail man when they subscribe to this newspaper. Victory in the New Tenr WISE MERCHANTS ARE As late as 1939 Negroes in this trade area spent an estimated $2,760,000 per year for durable goods. With increased buying pow er the local Negro consumer is spending far more money for mer chandise than ever before. Wise merchants are cultivating this re ceptive market via the ad columns of the Negro press. Double Trouble For Asberys Trouble comes in double doses is probably an established fact in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Asbery of 1127 Emer son Ave. No. Trouble number 1 happened about five weeks ago when Mr. Asbery broke his foot and was confined to St. Mary’s Hospital for several weeks. Now that he is expected to return to work soon, Trouble number 2 appeared. What was it? Mrs. Asbery slipped on the sidewalk near her home on Christmas Eve and was slightly injured. At press time she is feeling much better. Congressman Tells How to Pass Anti- Poll Tax Bill A plan to pass the anti poll tax bill in 1943 was announced this week by Congressman Vito Mar cantonio (ALP, N. Y.) in the fol lowing statement: I have already arranged the in troduction, on January 6, of a bill to outlaw the poll-tax as a pre requisite of voting in federal elec tions. It will be known as H. R. 7. To insure against a Senate fili buster such as killed a similar bill in 1942, my plan is, with the help of the aroused people of the coun try, to secure passage of this bill in the first half of 1943. A year and a half will be a long time for poll-tax Senators to carry on a filibuster. At the end of 30 legislative days I shall place a discharge petition on the Speaker’s desk, and the cam paign to secure the requisite 218 signatures of members of the House of Representatives to force a vote in the House will begin. Hearings in Committee on the bill would be superfluous. The bill has been fully debated. Hearings would merely delay passage. Every week, the people of the country will be informed which Congressmen have signed the dis charge petition, and which have not. lam sure the people will see to it, under these circumstances, that the necessary 218 signatures are obtained in short order. It is to be expected that every parliamentary trick will be used by the poll-taxers to prevent or to de lay passage of H. R. 7. I want to assure the people who want this bill passed that every parliamentary manoeuver will also be used to see that it is passed. Quick passage in the House is es sential to the eventual enactment of the anti-poll tax bill into law. I am confident that with the whole hearted support of the tremendous majority of the people of the coun try who recognize the necessity of passage of this law as a win-the war measure, this quick action will be obtained and H. R. 7 will become law. Youth Council to Meet Jan. 8 The Youth Council of the Min neapolis Urban League will hold its regular meeting, Phyllis Wheat ley House, Friday, January 8, 7 p. m. The Council will initiate plans for the 1943 Vocational Guid ance Program. Participation of the Youth Council in the Interracial Week Program to be held in Feb ruary will be discussed. All regu lar members are urged to be pres ent and to invite other interested youth. MOVIES TO SHOW NAVY LIFE Sound movies of Navy life will be the feature of Navy Night, Jan-' uary 14, at the Phyllis Wheatley House, Bth Avenue North and Bry ant. The program starts at 7:30 p. m. and men, women and children are to be the guests of Twin City Navy recruiters who are planning the showing. Here’s your chance to find out about your United States Navy and what it has to offer you. What? No Soldier Boys’ Photos!!!! My boss called me and suggested it was time to print some more soldiers’ pictures in the paper and I readily agreed and promised him I would send some over to the en gravers for this week’s issue. Lo and behold, I looked and had to swallow those words “I would send some over to the engravers” because our supply is exhausted. So I have to make an appeal to you to send us pictures of the hus band, brother, son, who is in the service—army, navy, air corps. We prefer the pictures in uniform. We will not damage the picture and will return it to you and will print it free of charge. Snap shots are not acceptable. It must be a photo graph with clear features. But we do want some pictures! —E. B. George W. Carver, Famous Scientist, Dies in Alabama Tuskegee, Ala., Jan. 6. Dr. George Washington Carver, a son of Negro slaves, died at his home at Tuskegee Institute last night, leaving his mark on the South’s agricultural economy. Despite his humble beginning, he became one of the Nation’s greatest scientists in the field of agricultural chemistry, discovering countless uses for native-grown products and developing them for commercial utilization. Dr. Carver never knew the date of his birth on a farm at Diamond Grove, Mo_, but he be lieved it to be about 1864. His father died when Carver was a baby. Carver and his mother were stolen and taken to Arkansas. The boy was ransomed for a race horse valued at S3OO. His mother disappeared. Carver's mas ter recognized the boy’s intelli gence and permitted him to enter school. After a long struggle, he won a master of science degree in agriculture at lowa State college in 1896. Two years later, Dr. Booker T. Washington, founder of Tuskegee Institute, invited Carver to direct agricultural work at that school. There was little equipment for Carver to use and only 19 acres of some of the poorest farm land in Alabama. He accepted the challenge and set out to utilize so-called “waste products” of southern farms. From the lowly pea nut, Carver developed more than 300 useful products alone, including paper, ink and even oil to be used in the treatment of infantile paralysis. The sweet potato, another of scores of plants with which he worked, yielded well over 100 by-products. Carver steadfastly refused to exploit his discoveries. Working in his laboratory at Tuskegee, in torn apron and baggy trousers, he declined financial offers. Carver’s health, always frail, took a turn for the worse after his return several months ago from visiting Henry Ford’s model Green field village in Michigan at the in vitation of the automobile manu facturer. He was confined to his bed the last 10 days before his death, which was attributed to heart disease. Funeral services will be either tomorrow or Friday. The body will lie in state at the school until burial in Tuskegee cemetery near the grave of Dr. Washington. Elks Custodian Attends Minn. ‘U’ on Q. T. 6 Years Grant Albert Charleston, cus todian at the Elks Rest, Minne apolis, is so quiet and unassuming that his friends and acquaintances would never had guessed that he has been a student at the Univer sity of Minnesota for the past six years! But this week because out of a biology class of 107 pupils he was the only one to receive 100% on his report card, Dean W. Watzer, professor of biology at the Uni versity, thought it was worthy of mention in this newspaper. He is the only Negro in the class. For the past six years Mr. Charleston has attended the Uni versity only one quarter each year, taking a veterinarian course. Dur ing the remainder of each year he has worked to save for his one quarter’s tuition and provide for a family the entire year. If this ambitious student can manage to continue his studies ac cording to his former schedule he will finish the course in 1944. In his statement to this paper Dean Watzer said, “We glory in his spunk!” “So do we.” Ruben Silverman In New Market Ruben Silverman, well known fish market man, has announced the opening of the Great Northern Food Market at 616 Hennepin Ave. Mr. Silverman invites his many friends to shop at the new location. “The store,” he said, “is a complete food market.” Their ad appears elsewhere in this paper. Vletery in the New Tev HALLIE ANNUAL MEETING JAN. 21 Hallie Q. Brown Settlement House, 553 Aurora Ave., will hold its annual meeting on Thursday, January 21, at 8 o’clock at the Hallie Q. Brown House.