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Humphrey Is Logical
Choice For Democratic Vice-Presidential Bid The logical 1964 ticket for the Democrats in next year’s election would be Lyndon Johnson for President and Hubert H. Humphrey for Vice-Presi dent Such a ticket if developed should satisfy the liberal northern wing of the Democratic party and at the same mollify the more sensible elements of the southern wing of the party. Such a ticket of course would not be favored by the Dixiecrat elements which are represented by the Barnetts of Mississippi, the Wallace element of Ala bama and by individuals like Strom Thurmon of South Carolina. Nobody of course can be sure that Humphrey, the best prepared man in the U.S. Senate today, after one unsuccessful effort to obtain the Vice- Presidency and another pre-oonvention defeat for the Presidential by the overwhelmingly financed Kennedy Presidential machine, would consider run ning for Vice-President even if asked to do so by President Johnson. Most certainly he is the most capable and acceptable candidate whose name has been mentioned to date. There are those among Humphrey’s friends who consider that his chances for the Democratic nom ination would be good in 1968, providing of course that Lyndon Johnson would give up the job after one full term and the balance of the Kennedy term. Humphrey is tremendously strong with the liberals of the nation and also with that part of the business community that has had contact with him. He was the strong arm of President Kennedy during his administration, and he was never too fatigued to do the arduous tasks which the President asked him to do. There is no doubt that he is always a loyal and infatigable worker win help President Johnson in every way he can. Humphrey stands ‘head and shoulders’ above all other Democratic Vice Presidential prospects in ability, intelligence and understanding of both domestic and international problems of this nation. His chief handicap in the political wars was his forthright, courageous early civil rights posture which became the Kennedy posture, and is now the Lyndon Johnson position; his residence in a state with a small electoral vote and his unwillingness to sacrifice principles for either party of personal ad vantage. Senator Humphrey is now only 52 years of age and despite his intense energy, has not yet reached what is commonly called the “prime of life.’’ In 1968 he will only be 57 years of age, still young enough to give the nation the benefits of his great natural gifts of leadership. No matter which way the political winds blow, President Johnson and the country Will be fortunate if Humphrey Is selected to be running mate for Johnson next year, or whether he remains in the Senate and takes his chances in 1968. He is a good man and Minnesotans ought to be extremely proud of Hubert Humphrey no matter what their political affiliations. The House Discharge Petition Will Separate Men From Boys Minnesotans will be able to tell how sincere their Congressional delegation is on the matter of civil rights legislation by the position each Cong ressman takes on the discharge petition Which was submitted for signatures in the House this Monday. Dec. 9. These discharge petitions always "separate the men from the boys” on almost every issue. AU of the blab-blab about supporting rights legislation is nothing, means nothing, if a Congressman refuses to use the only means he can to get a measure be fore the House when it is held up by obstructionist tactics by an unfriendly chairman such as Congress man Howard Smith, a Dixiecrat is known to be. Minnesota expects its Republican Congressmen to ignore party lines at a time like this and sign the discharge petition placing prinlcples above parti san politics. This newspaper was critical of the Democratic governors who failed to go along with Gov. Rocke feller’s proposals at the Governor’s conference earlier tills year. They placed party politics above the civil rights issue which should be bi-partisan. They failed to iw Senator Hubert H. Humphrey stated to place principles above party. It looks like the Republican leadership in the House is making the same serious error. This newspaper hopes Minnesota Republican Congressmen won’t make the same mistake. Let’s Have Some Of That History Now The pundits of newspaper and magazine are using the expected line that we shall have to leave MINNEAPOLIS SPOKESMAN "An Independent Newspaper" Established AiiKUHt 10. 1934. by Cecil E. Newman a— __ —■ . 1 H 'SMS ' 3 * - d --J- ". r " •, z-; • Published Every Thursday by Spokesman-Recorder Publishing Co.. Inc., Editorial-Business Offices at 3744 Fourth Avenue South, Minneapolis 3, Minnesota. St Paul Office, 40* New York Bldg., St. Paul, Minn, CA, 3-0333 Seco n d-CI aa e P oatage Pal dat Minn eapolla, Minnesota. 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Washington, Chicago 3, Illinois taemUri National Editorial Association Monsberi Minnesota Newspaper Association Metnbert National Newspaper Publishers Association News Services: Associated Negro" Press, Continental Features and Newspress Photos ___ fliis newspaper assumes no responsibility for unsolicited manuscripts, photos or engravings. Buch are submitted at Owner s rich. All the Negro race asks 1b that the door which rewards Industry, thrift, IntoHlgonric and character ho left aa wide open to Man an to Mhm. IM> he hM Re right to request, tan than tMa th. Bopahßo has as to r. waahtagtaa. to history any judgment about our late President's greatness. Must we? President Kennedy was cut down during his first term—a term during which he had to deal with a Congress Which has been almost totally frustrated by the negative power of the southern Democrats and northern Republicans Who control it. None of his major legislation has come close to passing. It now appears that much of it was being sabotaged by a Senate employee who has resigned in the face of questions about his integrity. Despite this towering handicap to his adminis tration, President Kennedy has turned in a record that outshines everything since President Roosevelt and matches anything except Roosevelt’s since the turn of the century. President Kennedy has, by his forthright stand on civil rights, done more than any other President to lead this country to a mature attitude and mature policies in this area. He has pointed the direction, and has made that direction irreversible. He has un doubtedly shortened the time of our strife and strug gle on the issue of first-class citizenship for all Americans. The late President took office at a time of dan gerous deterioration of our foreign policy, when the strange mixture of bluff and appeasement which marked the Eisenhower administration was literally blowing up. The Kennedy administration even in herited, and took responsibility for some of the ex plosion. In the years since, a complete overhaul of our relations with other countries has taken place Concepts like the Peace Corps have pushed concepts like “massive retaliation” out of the headlines. At the same time, firm dealing With our enemies has developed a mutual understanding and respect tha' is even making it possible for us to trade with them In our area alone, the challenge to the Russians on Cuba. President Kennedy showed a remarkable qual ity of greatness. He dealt firmly with Khrushchev and forced him to back down. At the same time, he kept the door open to the Russian chief of state allowed him to save face, and eventually brought about the easing of tensions which promises more hope for future peace. In his speeches and writings, President Kennedy has emerged as a man with great understanding of the world in which we live, and a deep appreciation of the American people, their drives, capabilities and needs. By all means let us leave to history the measure ment of the late President’s greatness. But let’s have some of that history right now. New Mayor’s Commission In Minneapolis The makeup of the new Minneapolis Mayor’s Human Rights Commission announced last week by Mayor Arthur Naftalin, and subjected to confirma tion by the city council, should be satisfactory to those who want the city to move ahead in solving the problems which bigotry, intolerance and pre judice present to every city in the nation. Most of the new members appointed by the mayor, as far as we can ascertain meet the basic requirements of individuals who are the inspiration and backbone of similar bodies, Which in our mind is a willingness to work at reducing the virulency of race and religious prejudice and discrimination in Minneapolis. Mayor Naftalin is to be congratulated on his success in obtaining the acceptances of such a fine cross section of the city’s populace to serve as first members of the new city agency. Confirmation of the group should be pushed along as quickly as possible by the city council. The agency should have adequate funds to launch and effectively pursue a municipal-backed plan to reduce the incidence of discrimination and prejudice in Minneapolis. Prior mayor’s councils and commissions working under the uncertain and difficult financing by priv ate sources did a fine job in keeping the racial and religious climate in Minneapolis at a fairly decent level. Now with full support as a regular city and municipal function with a fine and well selected commission and a decent budget we may expect the group to meet the challenge which a’l northern cities are facing, the amelioration of race problem, creedal and other human relations differences Which can so easily poison the mainstream of a community’s life, unless resisted by a well informed community. Is This How Barry Would Meet The Civil Rights Revolution? If you listen long enough and attentively enough you can hear some of the most outlandish things. The bast recent example to come to our attention is what the co-chairman of Youth for Goldwater at the University of Minnesota said about freedom. He (John Greenagel) said: “Freedom is best preserved by placing restrictions on dissident, non-assimllible minorities with revolutionary Intentions.” THE FUTURE AND MR. JOHNSON “Perhaps now the new Presi dent can persuade the dissident I Senators from the South that their country comes first and civil rights are the rights of all men.”— Miami I News. “The parallels between the as sassination of John F. Kennedy and of Abraham Lincoln, which have been so often recalled in the last few days, are obvious enough. But some commentators are, we fear, letting their innate optimism get out of hand when they say that Kennedy, “like Lincoln,” may ac complish more in death than he could in life. "But it may be worthwhile for us to remember that, good as President Lyndon Johnson's pros pects are, the future course of the country is by no means certain. Martyrdom is frequently distorted by hypocrites after the fact for ends alien to everything the martyr died for. Lincoln's death was In fact so distorted. His assassination marked the beginning, not of a na tional rededlcation to the Ideals for which he lived and died, but of perhaps the worst three decades of national government in our history. “As we have observed, the omens are more auspicious for Lyndon Johnson than they were for the earlier Johnson. But lot us not forgot the dangers inherent in the aftermath of an assassination. ISSUES: GOOD AND BAD BY P. L. PRATTIB Will President Lyndon B. John son succeed where President John F. Kennedy ran into a roadblock? Has President Johnson any re sources or skills that President Kennedy did not possess? Will the fact that President Johnson is a southerner compromise or jeopar dize the interests of twenty mil lion Negroes? If President John son ip a square shooter, at what does he aim? The chances are that, although President Johnson will never suc ceed in satisfying extremist Ne- groes (even common sense Ne- groes can't do that), he will be able to twist arms where Presi dent Kennedy had no leverage. ( It must be admitted that most members of the Congress, on both sides of the aisle, failed td recognize or admit the genuls of the late President. In the verna cular of the street, Mr. Kennedy was just "a young squirt,” an upstart who had the audacity to seek out paths of glory where his elders feared to tread. When Mr. Kennedy was a Sen ator, I listened to him make one of his most important speeches be fore (behind) the Senate. I write ‘'behind” because Senator Kennedy occupied a seat in the last row of the Senaite chamber. The Kennedy speech was on foreign affairs. The next day the newspapers all over the country picked it up. But while he spoke, there were barely a half dozen Senators who remained to listen to him. What could he tell them? With President Johnson the situation is different. Although he may lack some of the aspects of genius now perceived in Mr. Kennedy, he won and carried much more respect in the Senate and the House than the martyred President. He was and is what YMCA leaders call “a master of men.” As majority leader of the Sen ate, he commanded the respect, obedience and cooperation of his fellow Senators, Democratic and Republican. He sat in the front seat in the Chamber. From both sides, Senators came to him to get things done. President Johnson has a much better chance of removing Congressional roadblocks than President Kennedy had. President Johnson does have resources and skills in handling men, friends and foes, that Presi dent Kennedy did not have. John son may never get all he wants, but he’ll get something. He’ll never be stymied. He won’t be the man who’ll be guessing what next. That shoe will now be on the Congressional foot. The fact that President Johnson is a southerner can lead to com plete emancipation for the Negro. Most members of Congress from the South oppose the legitimate aspirations of Negroes, but it is also true that most of them are the long-suffering victims of their constituencies. Free them from such imprisonment and you may free them from public stands based on bias. Justice Black of the Supreme Court Is the classic instance. But so is Justice Tom Clark (of Texas). What stands out in the record of President Johnson is that he took a strong position when he still had a southern con stituency. It was because of his liberal attitude that President Roosevelt invited him to join the New Deal team. Is he a square shooter? At what does he alm? President Johnson is Immensely proud of himself. That makes him a square shooter. He can’t betray others without betraying himself. In any bargaining or negotiating situation, he aims to get the most he can. He will always get something. It may be a half-loaf or a three quarters loaf, but he'll always come home with something, and he’ll never give up on getting the other half or quarter. l " Let us not forget, either, that it was Abraham Lincoln’s unfinished program of justice under law that still occupied the principal ener gies of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, nearly a full century later.” Arkansas GAZETTE. “We do not expect that the unity and common understanding which has been forged in this hour of sorrow will endure without some weakening In the weeks and months that lie ahead. "But some 'of the gain in na tional spirit Is bound to stay with us and strengthen our national life. The president’s death has brought us closer together. It is up to us to see to it that the old divisions and the old bitterness do not once again drive us apart.”— Denver POST. "President Johnson’s message yesterday was more than a reaf firmation of the Kennedy program —Civil rights included. It was a sign that the past torch still flames.” Boston HERALD. “Although Mr.' Johnson has Do’s And Don’ts At Home Or Eating Out, The Correct Way Is Always Proper. Letters To U.S. Steel Birmingham & Mr. Blough; Record In N.E. Minnesota Editor: Your newspaper has al ready reacted to statements of U.S. Steel’s board chairman Roger Blough attempting to whitewash the corporation’s segregationist policies in Birmingham. Blough in reply to criticism of U.S. Steel in Birmingham said; “For a corporation to attempt to exert economic compulsion to achieve any particular end in the social area seems to be quite be yond what a corporation should do and quite beyond What it can do.” He said the doctrine of what he called "economic force” is repug nant to him. While Birmingham should be of utmost importance to all of us, we in Minnesota have a long history of experience with U.S. Steel. That history from the acquisition of the natural resources of Northeastern Minnesota, the harsh and intense exploitation of the people of that area up to their present demands for a Taconite Amendment to the Constitution of Minnesota, is a history of Economic Force! While U.S. Steel attempts to draw for itself the image of benevolence, its only motivating force is the ev traction of super profits and al) else is incidental. Since Mr. Blough’s statement a Citizens Committee for Goldwater was launched in Western Pennsyl vania. It is not accident that the chairman of the committee is Ben nett Chapple, Jr., Administrative Vice-President of U.S. Steel, who at a press conference said: "We want to give the American public a chance to decide Whether it wants to be right or left, up or down or black or white.” Chapple had a conference with Goldwater on this "draft move” and Gold water told him; “You’re free, white and 21, and you have to take a stand on your convictions.” Among pledged to carry on in carbon copy of Mr. Kennedy, no man can be a duplicate of another. As time goes on, the Presidency inevitably must reflect the Johnson approach rath er than the Kennedy approach. Mr. Johnson is a practical man who seeks the best, but settles for the possible. "He called for the earliest pos sible action on the dvil rights and tax-cut bins. Thus Mr. Johnson put himself squarely behind the two bills, but he did not demand im mediate passage.”—Chicago SUN TIMES. sCan topics * CAN*r WE STOP AND TELL THE WIFE WHERE • XAM 90 SHE WON*T WORRY ? * he Editor members of the advisory board of the Goldwater Committee are Rich ard Sentner, executive vice-presi dent of U.S. Steel and Harvey Jor dan, retired executive vice-presi dent of ÜB. Steel. Thanks to the Civil Rights Rev olution, these monopolies such as Steel are seen in 'their true image on all questions relating to the general welfare and our demo cratic institutions. —Sincerely, Leo J. Giovannlni, 3833 Park Av., Min neapolis, Minn., December 3, 1963. Judge Earl Lyons Praise Hazel Underwood's "This N' That" Column Editor: Please let me take this opportunity of complimenting your paper on carrying the column, “This N’ That,” by Hazel Under wood. In my opinion, this is the finest column that I have read. I hope that you continue using it.— Very sincerely yours, Earl J. Lyons. District Judge, Fourth Judicial District, Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 5, 1963. Reader Impressed By Editorial; Wants To Distribute To Students Editor: I was considerably im pressed with your editorial “Arch bishop Ireland Pointed the Way 72 Years Ago,” in the Thursday, November 21 issue of your paper. May I have permission to dupli cate it with full acknowledgement of its source so that I may distrib ute it, without charge, to students at the University? I believe this editorial will be valuable in Stim ulating discussions among students. —Sincerely yours, Matthew Stark, Assistant Professor, University of Minnesota. Thinks November 28 Paper Was Great; Comment Appreciated Editor: I could not wait to get to my typewriter to send you a line or two on the general excel lence of your paper week after week, with particular praise for the news coverage and editorial comment in the November 28, edi tion on the death of our beloved President John F. Kennedy. It was a great job. I thought the comment which your paper secured from citizens in the community, many of whose names I do not recognize was top flight journalism for a paper of your size. My son who works on one of the Twin City dailies agrees with me on my estimate of the good job your paper represents.— W.8.W., St. Paul, Minn. Page 2, Minneapolis PUBLISHED CORNER In a few months it will pass'un-noticed, but now it is pleasant to see. We are writing of the NEW LOOK in some television commercials in which national firms sponsoring programs have discovered that one tenth of their consumer’s markets are Negroes and have decided to in sist that Madison Ave., and its tributary ad agencies include Negroes in their commercial “pitches.” The habit of forgetting that a tenth of the nation’s population Is brown and black or tan Is getting to be a luxury that firms which sell merchandise nation-wide cannot afford. The new awareness is getting Jobs for Negro actors and models that they didn’t dream of obtaining only a few months ago. We looked at CBS Project 20 the other night titled “Victory at Sea.” It was a reissue but it brought this fact home again to us that while Negroes were fighting and dying on all fronts in the World War n fracas, if one depended upon the films we have seen on the theater and TV screens ail Americans participating in the war Were Caucasians. We’ve seen fibn after film of the Hitler instituted war in which thousands of Negroes were killed and wounded but the absence of Negro soldiers, sailors and Marines has always been noticeable. We have no idea whether the boys in the UjS. signal corps, the photographers of the press associations and film companies had orders not to photograph Negro soldiers Who were almost all in jimcrow units or not. It is still a great novelty to see our armed services men of color in the documentaries which are supposed to give posterity a photo graphic picture of World War H. They are just not there. It is possible that photographers did train their cameras on Negro service personnel during the late World holacust and that the film editors left shots of Negro U.S. armed forces personnel on the cutting room floor. This is all part and parcel of the state of mind of custom firms and their ad agencies continuing to ignore in their radio, TV and newspaper advertising appeals the fact that one out of ten of every customer of theirs is a person of Negro descent, most of whom likes to see the likeness of their men, women and Children on TV commer cials, too. The Negro service people who served in World War H didn’t com, plain much about being ignored in photographic accounts of the war they helped win. Its bad enough that the documentary films ig nored their presence, but most war pictures of fictional character did the same thing. The heralded and widely shown “The Longest Day,” purportedly recording for romantic history the “D Day” assault on the Normandy beaches had thousands of "troops” in it, but there wasn’t a sign of a single black soldier. All of this is part of the usual ommission of Negroes from credit able areas of participation in American life by communication media which is now on the run. There are still those who want to get all of the money they can receive from the pockets of Negro consumers, or all of, the personal sacrifices in time of the nation’s peril but who don’t want such things to reach the eyes and ears of the total community, which by unwritten law in the past must always be impressed of the lack of contribution which the Negroes of the nation have made to the national welfare. This has permeated every facet of American life where Negroes could be ignored except possibly in sports where the Negro's contributions could not easily overlooked, although there were sports writers who did their best to do so. When you see a smiling housewife of Negro ancestry on a TV commercial, or pictured in a full page ad in a magazine, remember that these new departures are part of a revolution which Negroes and their white allies are conducting to help make this nation what it has claimed to be. —Cecil E. Newman. As if old age were not creeping up on most of us soon enough, U.S. News & World Report seeks to hasten the process by making these dis quieting assertions: 87% of Americans now living do not remember When there was no federal income tax. 71% were born since World War I. 64% do not remember the prohibition era. 64% do not remember the beginning of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. 56% were not yet bom at the time of the 1929 stock market crash. 48% are too young to recall World War U. 22% were bom after the Korean war ended. 4% were not yet born when the United States launched its first manned space shot. These facts are a dramatic way of pointing out that, in the last decade alone, 42 million babies have been bom in the United States (compared with 16 million deaths). And 15 million marriages have taken place to represent one-fifth of all of the present families in the nation. The picture carries a message for almost every element of Amer ican life. For the politicians, as an example, it means that talk about the great depression will soon have about as much meaning as talk about the charge up San Juan hill. For the nation’s industrial com munity the picture is one of vast new potential customers. For edu cators, it is one of a seemingly unending tidal wave of students. The toughest impact of all probably falls upon those who remem ber all these things—from the first space shot all the way back to the income tax amendment. It’S not exactly cheering to realize, all of a sudden, that you are a member of a rapidly declining minority.—Cincinnati Inquirer. “President Johnson's initial poli-| cy address gave the nation and the j world a large measure of reassur ance. Mr. Johnson made clear that the two themes of his White House stewardship will be continuity and action. He dispelled doubts that his priorities would differ from those of his predecessor. The em phasis will remain on civil rights and tax-cut legislation. He has made a good start.” Seattle TIMES. “The declaration by Representa tive Albert, the House Majority eader, that he sees no possibility of a House vote on civil rights in .his session is deeply disquieting o all who hoped President John on’s strong plea for quick action ■ould break the long stalemate in Congress. Once again the deep- THE NEGRO PLAYED A PART RACE IS AMERICA’S NO. 1, DOMESTIC PROBLEM. Learn how Minnesota Negroes and Whites coped with the problem from 1850 to 1961 read, “The Negro in Minnesota,” by Earl Spangler. A handsome 220 page documented history of the lives at times of Minnesota Negroes. Will make an excellent Christmas Gift flor any individual or family. Order today: Send check or money order to the Spokesman A Recorder Publishing CD., 3744 Fourth Ave. So., and the book will bo sent by return mail postage prepaid, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 55409. PRICE: ONLY 33.95 Ideal Gift Suggestion: A copy of "Hie Negro la Minnesota," by Earl Spangler. A handsome volume for your Mbeary and reading pleasure. Telia the story every hOmrasotan ought to know. Thursday, December 12, 1663 Remember When? freeze tactics of Chairman Smith of the Rules Committee are pre venting the House from expressing its will on a measure which the nation needs and which, there is good reason to believe, a majority in both parties favor. “The result of this foot-dragging is bound to be an intensification of the resentment that has prompted Roy Wilkins of the NAACP to warn that his organization will set up a purge list of Congressmen hostile to civil rights legislation. Mr. Wilkins, whose sound judg ment has been exhibited repeated ly over the years, must be aware that purge lists are a double-edged sword aggravating divlsdons in the community and often backfir ing against the causes they are supposed to serve.”—N.Y. TIMES.