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WASHIMiTOMSMS. EULOGY HAY IN TILE f/, Si SENATE, Complimentary Testimonial)* to tlie "Worth of the Late Senator MortonPensions to Mexican VeteransPunishment Prepa' ing for Rjoters. Semite. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.Bills were intro duced and referred as follows By Senator Howe, to punish forcible obstruction to inter-State commerce by railways. Referred to the committee on judiciary. By Senator Perry, providing for the class ification of Mail matter and rates of postage thereon. Referred to committee on post offices. Senator Hamlin called Up the joint resolu tion appointing President Noah Porter of Yale College a member of the board of regents of the Smithsonian Institute, vice Jas, B. Dana, resigned. Agreed to. Senator Wadleigh said the family of the late Senator Morton found among his papers his views as a member of the special com mittee in regard to the Chinese immigration, nod the Senate having given the late Sen ator Morton leave to present his views in writing. When the majority report was (submitted on the 27th of February, 1877, he "Wadleigh, now presented such views and moved that they be printed. So ordered. After the morning business had been dis posed of Senator MacDonald submitted resolutions of respect to the memory of the late Senator Morton, and made suitable re marks upon the life and chaiacter of the deceased. Nowhere, he said, would his loss be felt so severely as among his friends and followers in his native State. He spoke of the warmth and strength of the effectiveness of the dead Senator, If he had faults let them be buried with him. Let his fiiendB and associates re member and cherish only those kindly feel ings and sentiments which his high and better qualities inspiied. Senator Thumian spoke of the late Sena tor as the man, not as the politician, holding that in any sphere of life he would have been a lemarknble man. He was not a scholar, but his speeches were distinguished for earnestness. In social intercourse he as universally courteous and amiable. Senator Conkhng said he rose only to add his tribute of lespect and admiration for the services and genius of the remarkable man whose death was mourned to-day. As a par ty leader he was too great for any state or any party to readily supply his place. As a vigilant representative he had no superior in either house of Congress. Crippled by bodi ly infirmity, his mind never falteied or flagged. No labor discouraged him, no con tingency appalled him, no disadvantage dis mayed him, no defeat disheartened him. Those who encountered him in debate would never forget his ability, his courage, and above all, his indomitable heart. He would go down to the far hereafter, not as one who embellished his name by a scholastic and studied use of words, but rather as one who, day by day, in the journey of life met leal ities of aftairs and grappled them with a grasp resolute and quick. He needed no ep itaph but his name, and though brass might corrode and marble mould, men would still lemember Oliver P. Morton as a leading and manful defender of the republic in the re public's mosiwlire and heroic age. Senator Morgan said upon an occasion like this, when a nation was paying its respect to a dead Senator, it was not fitting that the section which he lepresented should be si lent. Alabama laid upon the tomb of the late Senator, a bough of her evergreen mag nolia, clowned with white emblems of peace, and with it extended to Indiana her heartfelt sympathy. He then spoke of the prominent traits of Morton's character, and said though his nature was intensely combative, his ear was ever ready to listen to the bugles of truce. He was no conspirator. His natme was above that mean level. He was an open bold and defiant antagonist. His opponents always knew where to find him. He lived duiing the mobt corrupt eia of our history, and had every opportunity to glow lich by stealth, but he escaped every suspicion of dishonesty. He was an honest man. Senator Biuce alluded to the attachment the colored people had for the dead Senator,, and said, perhaps, no public man, except' Abiaham Lincoln and Charles Sumner, was better known to the coloied people, and was more loved and levered. Senators Edmunds, Burnside, Booth, An thony, Wadleigh aud Paddock having spoken, Senator Voorhees concluded the eulogies. He said Senator Morton and himself became personal as well as political fritnds in early life, and although after jears their politi cal opinions weie as widely separated as the poles, their personal friendship lemained un broken. He spoke of the We of the late sen ator as one woithy of imitation, having be came a great man by his own efforts. If he could not be President himself he did much to put others in that office and to dictate their policies. The Senate then, as a further mark of re spect to the memory of deceased, adjourned. JIou&c of Bepresentati vet. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.Bills weie intro duced and referred as follows: By Mr. Davis of California, to restrict Chinese immigration. By Mr. Knapp, extending the operations of the light house board over the Illinois river. By Mr. Elam, for the better organization of the United States District Court of Loui siana also to authorize the construction of railroad bridges near Shreveport and Oua chita. Mr. Peddie asked leave to offer a icsolution reciting the insincerity of savings institu tions, and the diminished confidence in them, and authorizing the secretary of the treasury to appoint postmasters in towns of 5,000 population and upwards agents for the sale of U. S. bonds, in denominations of $10 or less. Mr. Hood lemarked that that subject was alieady befoie the committee of ways and means. Mr. Waddell said it was also before the pestoffice committee, and he mov that the icsolution be leferred to that committee. Mr. Wood objected to offering of the reso lution. Hewitt repoited a bill granting pensions to the surviving officeis, soldiers and sailors, or their widows, of the Mexican. Creek. Florida and Black Hawk ware. Ordered printed. Watson introduced a bill to extend the provisions of the laws relating to soldiers and sailors of the war of 1812. Referred, ihe House then took up the business of the morning hour, it being the bill reported by J?ry, to make persons charged with crimes and offences competent witnesses in U. S. Courts. Amendments were adopted ex tending the act to Territortal Courts, Courts Martial and Courts of Inquiry, aud by in serting the words, "and his failure to make such request thall not create any presump lion against him. Bill passe words: It is in these In the trial of all indictments, informa tions, comr hints, and other proceedings against persons charged with the commission ot crimes and offences and misdemeanors in the United States Courts, Territorial Courts, courts martial, and Courts of inquiry in any State or Territory, including the District of Columbia, the person so charged shall at his own request, but not otherwise, be a compe tent witness and his failure to make such re quest shall not create any presumption against him. Mr. Banning reported a bill directing the Secretary of War to pay to officers and sol diers engaged in the war with Mexico the month's extra pay already provided for by act of Congress. Passed. Mr. Cox reported back the joint resolution extending thanks to Henry M. Stanley, the African explorer, for solving the most im portant geographibal problem of the age, which was unanimously passed. Mr. O'Neill presented a resolution of the Union League of Philadelphia against all legislation proposing repayment of certain 5 per cent., 4J^ per cent, and 4 per cent, bonds which were disposed of by the Secretary of the Treasury at par for gold coin, in silver coin of less value than gold. Mr. Bright offered a resolution directing the Secretary of the Treasury to inform the House of the amount of interest paid by the government to National Banks on bonds held as securities for the issue of currency to them. Adopted. The House then Went into committee of the whole, Beebe in the chair, on the state of the Union, and Was addressed by Blair of New Hampshire on the financial question. On conclusion of Mr. Blair's speech, the Speaker laid before the House a message from the Senato communicating the resolu tions on the death of the late Senator Morton, and Mr. Hanna gave notice he would call them up to-morrow. Adjourned. Miscellaneous. REWARDS OFFERED. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.The operation of all offers of pecuniary reward hitherto made for the detection and punishment of persons employed in the illicit distillation of spirits is suspended so far as regards the States of North Carolina, South Carolina Georgia, Ala bama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri and Kentucky. Other and more effective methods for the suppression of illicit distillation the Commissioner says aie now being put in operation. ANOTHER ELECTION CONTEST. The sub-committee of the House commit tee on elections, having charge of the South Carolina contested election case of Richard son and Rainy, heard arguments this morn ing, but took no action other than to ap point next Monday for further hearing. There will be a meeting of the full commit tee tc-morrow, at which time it is expected final action will be taken in the California contested case of Pacheco and Wigginton. PENSIONS TOU MEXICAN YJETEBANS. The House committee on pensions to-day heard the report of the sub-committee of which Mr. Hewitt is chairman, and agreed to report a bill in favor of pensioning Mexican veterans. The bill repeals the clause in the general pension law discriminating against those who served in the confederate army during the rebellion. TEXAS BORDER TROUBLES. T" sub-committee of the House commit tee on foreign affairs which has in charge the question of the Texas border trouble, held a meeting this morning and took the statement of Mr. Steele, adjutant general of the State of Texas. Nothing new in it. BAD FOB REED. The senate committee on post offices and post roads to-day took up the nomination of Alex. Reed to be postmaster at Toledo and discharged further consideration until Feb. 7th. NORTHERN PACIFIC. The Senate committee on railroads to-day agreed to hear arguments on the Northern Pacific bill to-morrow. ELECTORAL VOTES. The House committee of revision of the laws regulating the counting of electoral votes for President and Vice President to day resolved to divide its work in three sub committees, the first having charge of the tenure of office, the second the method of electing, and the thirdthe mode of ascertain ing and declaring the result of elections for President and Vice President. INTER-STATE COMMERCE. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.A bill was submit ted to the Senate to-day by the House to punish forcible obstruction of inter-state commerce on railways. It provides that whenever any person or persons shall con spire together to obstruct or hinder by force, violence, threats or intimidation the free and customary transit of persons, baggage and merchandise passing by railway or water from any one State or Territory into another, such offense shall be deemed a misdemeanor against the United States, and the pefBons found guilty thereof on conviction shall be punished by a fine of $500 and one year's imprisonment and that whenever any per sons shall compel any railroad employe en gaged in the transportation of inter-state commerce, to abandon his duties, they shall on conviction thereof be fined not exceeding $500 and be imprisoned not less than one year nor exceeding five years. GOOD SHOWING. Gen. Humphreys, chief of the army board of engineers, has made a report on the sub ject of the Louisville and Portland canal, by which it is shown the receipts exceeded ex penditures the past year $27,519, and the balance available July 1. TREATY SIGNED. A treaty of commerce and friendship be tween the United States and the Samoan Islands was signed to-day. It will be sent to the Senate to-morrow for ratification BANNOCK INDIANS. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.The agent at the Bannock Indian camp telegraphs the Indian office recommending the Bannocks be sent away with the military and held till govern ment decides what to do with them. Unless removed a suficient military force will be le quired to keep them in subjection. NAVY INVESTIGATION. Investigation into the express accounts of the navy department began to-day by the Committee of the House. W. B. Shock, chief of the bureau of steam engineering, was examined at great length touching the indebtedness of his department, the charac ter of outstanding contracts, the manner in which the contracts were made, and especi ally the contracts made just before Robeson's retirement from the navy department. Numerous statements of figures and copies of papers requested will be speedily furnish ed the committee. WATER TRANSPORTATION. The board of supervising inspectors of steamboats are considering matters pertain ing to the enhancement of the steamboat in terest in connection with the freight and passenger transportation service. The new standing committee on western rivers is Stevenson, Burnett and Devenny. Maryland's Senator Not Elected. ANAPOLIS, Jan. 17.The legislature in joint convention to-day balloted for United States Senator with the following result: Dennis 22 Robinson 23 Groome 20 McLane 14 Steiner, Rep. 8 Thomas and Stump 5 each Blair and Pearce 2 each scattering 4. The convention then adjourned. Winter Strained Lard Oil. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.The Lighthouse Board to-day awarded contracts for supplying 87,000 galonn of winter strained lard oil for use of the various lighthouses .at from 6G 68-100 to 84 cents, i^.^sf^sf^^-. FEOM THE THRONE THE SPEECH OF QUEEN VICTQBIA. Her Majesty Hopeful of a Peaceful and Sat isfactory Solution of the Russian-Turkish War, bit Measures of Precaution Advised General Recommendations. LONDON, Jan. 17.The following is Her Majesty's speech upon the opening of Parlia] ment to-day: LORDS AND GENTLEMEN :I have thought fit to assemble you before the usual period of your meeting in order that yon might become acquainted with the efforts I have made to terminate the war new devas tating eastern Europe and Armenia, and that I might have the advice and assistance of Parliament in the present state of public af fairs. You are aware that after having un successfully striven to avert that war, I de clared intention to OBSERVE NEUTRALITY in a contest which I lamented but had fatled to prevent. So long as the interests of my empire, as designed by my government weie not threatened, I expressed at the same time my earnest desire to avail myself of any opportunity which might present itself for prompting a peaceful settlement of the question at issue between the belligerent powers. The successes obtained by the Rus sian army in Europe and Asia convinced the Porte he should endeavor to bring to a close hostilities, which were causing IMMENSE SUFFERING to its subjects. The government of the Sul tan accordingly addressed to neutral powers, parties to the treaties relating to the Turkish empire, an appeal for their good offices. It did not, however, appear to the majority of the powers thus addressed that they could usefully comply with the request, and they communicated this opinion to the Porte. The Porte then determined on making a SEPARATE APPEAL to my government, and I at once agreed to make inquiry of the Emperor of Russia whether his imperial majesty would enter tain overtures for peace. The Emperor ex pressed, in reply, his earnest desire for peace, and stated at the same time his opinion as to the course which snould be pursued for its attainment. Upon this sub ject communications have taken place be tween the governments of Russia and Tur key, through my good offices, and I earnestly trust they may lead TO A PACIFIC SOLUTION of the points at issue, and to the termination of the war. No efforts on my part will be wanting to promote that result. Hitherto, so far as the war has proceeded, neither of the belligerents have infringed the conditions on which MY NEUTRALITY IS FOUNDED, and I willingly believe both parties are de sirous to respect them BO far as it may be in their power. So long as these conditions are not infringed, my attitude will continue the same, but I cannot conceal from myself that should hostilities be unfortunately prolonged, some unexpected occurrence may render it incumbent on me to adopt MEASURES OF PRECAUTION. Such measures could not be efficiently taken without adequate preparation, and I trust to the liberality of my Parliament to supply the means which may be required for that pur pose. Papers on these affairs will be forth with laid before you. My relations with all foreign powers con tinue friendly. I am thankful that THE TERRIBLE FAMINE which ravaged southern India is nearly at an end. Strenuous and successful exertions have been made by the local governments to relieve the sufferings of the population, and in that duty they have been powerfully seconded by the liberal aid of my people at home and in my colonies. I have directed that an inquiry shall be made into measures most proper to diminish the danger of such calamities for the future. The condition of NATIVE AFFAIRS IN SOUTH AFRICA has of late caused me some anxiety, and has demanded the watchful attention of my gov ernment. I have thought it expedient to re inforce my troops in that part of my empire. I have directed the estimates of the year to be prepared and presented to you without delay. LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, a bill will be laid before you upon the sub ject of county government and your attention will be again called to the consideration of the factory law and to summary jurisdiction of magestrate. You will be asked at an early period of the season to take into your a bill on the subject of the cattle disease in this country. Your attention will be invited to the subject of intermediate education In Ireland. A bill will be laid before you to simplify and express in one act the whole law and procedure relating to indictable offenses, I commend these subjects to your most cafeful consideration, and I pray that the blessings of the Almighty may attend and guide your delib rations. Debate in the Houae of Z,ord#. LONDON, Jan. 18.In the debate on the ad dress in the house of lords Earl Granville said the utterances of Lord Beaconsfield during re cess, had been couched in a tone of belligerent neutrality and had differed from the senti ments expressed by his colleagues. He said if the assurances given by Russia in regard to British interests were unsatisfactory parlia ment should have been called together imme diately, If they were satisfactory, the only ef fect of summoning parliament now was to cause a feeling of insecurity Lord Beaconsfield says the summons to Par liament was issued when there at first appeared to be an opportunity for the inauguration of peace negotiations. The Porte's appeal to Eng land to intimate his readiness to open peace negotiations, was in a measure made at the instance of the British agent, although it was at the same time spontaneously adopted by the Porte. Lord Beaconsfield repudiated the news paper statements annnouncing the Govern ments policy, and strongly repudiated the accu sation of a division in the cabinet. When the Government after mature deliberation decided on a policy of neutrality, they were not influ enced by the considerations in regard to the value of Kars and Batoum. but had to consider the policy and conditions of many other coun tries. The Government never varied from the decisions they had first arrived at. He declared he had written no letter on pub lic affairs during the recess, and had only spoken once, and then in the presence of his colleagues, on which occasion he had, with their approval, declared the government's pol icy to be one of conditional neutrality. Lord Derby's felicitous statement "that the greatest British interest is peace," was a rhetorical ex pression, but Lord Granville seemed to take it as a statistical fact. Peace is of universal in terest, but when speaking of British interests, the government meant the material interests. The sources of wealth are the safeguards and the strength of the country. When they spoke this they were told that it was a mistake to suppose theie were interests peculiar to England, or if there were that they should hide them in a corner. He did not -think the government by defining British interests justified the imputa tion of selfishness, as all countries frankly de clared that they were actuated by the same mo tives. He did not admit that the government's hav ing summoned Parliament imposed on them the duty of immediately explaining the appre I hensions which caused them to do so. Suffice I it to say negotiations, had been brought about ST. PAUL, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1878. which might or might not be successful. The government considered there were British in terests which must not be endangered if the contest goes on. If Parliament approved of the policy of continental neutrality and the guarding of those interests, the least they could do was to give the government the means of guarding them. Lord Beaconsfield pointed to the opening of present negotiations as proof that England was not isolated or uninfluential. Procably more difficult negotiations than the present were never commenced, but he hoped they might lead through many obstacles to the termination of the terrible struggle. There was another kind of isolation besides that arising from de cay. At the beginning of the century, England alone asserted her national independence, and if the same cause was again at stake, or if any power again threatened the world with a pre dominance fatal to national liberty, he felt confident th&house would not fear the charge of being isolated, if it stood alone in maintain ing such a cause and fighting for British in terest i. He concluded as follows: "If in the negotia tions British influence increased, as God grant it may, I -will express the sentimentof the gov ernment that that influence will be used for the greatest interests of humanity in securing en during peace. But if we are called on to de fend the rights and interests of England if our piesent hopes and prospects of peace are un changed if there are circumstances that de mand that we should appeal again and again to Parliament for means of vindicating the honor and interests of the country, I am certain tfie ELoud iovernment will never fail to take that course." applause.] The Duke of Argyle said Lord Beaconfield's speech was brilliant but evasive. It was to be noted as a significant fact that it made no men tion of the independence and integrity of the Ottoman Empire. If the government meant that however long Turkey resisted, Russia would be precluded from entering Constantinople, the gravest questions would arise. The Marquis of Salisbury emphatically de nied that the cabinet was divided or England isolated. The summoning of parliament could not encourage the Turks to resist, as they had been repeatedly told to expect no assistance from England. The government had done all in their power to secure peace and good gov ernment for Christians in Turkey, but would not do anything to imperil British subjects or their interests, for the sake of all the Christians in the world. It was not, however, in despair that the govern ment now asked, or would shortly ask, parlia ment to assist them in taking necessary pre cautions. He did not wish to enter into the exact circumstances under which the interests denned are threatened, but knew the waves of war would approach closely the localities indi cated. He concluded: If you will not trust the government, provide yourselves with a govern ment that you will trust. If you trust the gov ernment, provide it with the proper means of carrying out your confidence. The address was agreed to. AN ARMISTICE COUNCIL. CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 17.The Sultan to-day presided at a council at Seraskierate, and invit ed a deputation from the Chamber to participate in the deliberations for a Turkish Armistice. Plenipotentiaries have arrived at a town called MuBtapha Poeha, and wait there for the return of an envoy sent to the Russian camp to facili tate their further journey. They will reach Hezanlik Saturday or Sunday. Russian troobs have arrived at Hermanli LONDON, Jan. 17.In the House of Commons this evening on the address in reply to the Queen's speech, the Marquis of Hartington re peated the accusation that the government wil fully assumed the position of isolation. It was not clear whether the government's appeal to the liberality of Parliament was immediate or contingent of the farther prosecution of the war. There were grave objections to such a vote. The reasons given for it in the Queen's speech were so vague that it seemed either as if the government knew what the unexpected occurrence they mentioned was and wished to bring on war or were tempting the Turks to further resistance. Sir Stafford Northcote complained of the op position's persistent misrepresentations of the government's policy in alleging that the gov ernment had a fixed determination to go to war on behalf of Turkey. As regarded their alleged isolation, England was in the same position as other neutral powers and would speak out when it was deemed neces sary. The government did not know what the Russian proposals would be. They had at present no proposals to make themselves. If Russian proposals in any way affected arrange ments between European powers, they must re ceive the assent of those powers. The position of the government was one of consider able deUcacy 'cnl anxiety. They had no proposals io make at present but thought it right to say it might become their duty to put themselves in a posi tion to enable them to take necessary pre cautions. They were as anxious as any to avoid the horrors of war and stop the present con flict, but at the same time they believed now was the time when by proper action they could prevent further embroilment. The Govern ment had no secret intentions, but could not hope for success unless they had the proper sup port of parliament. Mr. Gladstone asked if he rightly under stood that the government had no proposals to make in regard to the war, until they knew Russian conditions. Sir Stafford Northcote replied aflirmatively. Mr. Gladstone was glad to see that he could not complain of the warning that the govern ment might have to ask a grant, but thought nothing yet was known justifying such demand. Mitchell Henry moved an amendment to the address, praying for an examination into Irish grievances. After some further discussion, de bate was adjourned. DELAY EXPLAINED. LONDON, Jan. 18.The blue book is pub lished giving documents relating to English mediation. The documents show that the de lay in transmiting armistice conditions from St. Petersburg, arose from their being sent by messenger instead of by telegraph. Earl Derby, upon being informed of this, on the 11th inst. wrote to Lord Loftus, British min ister at St. Petersburg, that Her Majesty's government thinks it is to be regretted that when Prince Gortschakoff informed you that instructions had been sent to Russian commanders he did not explain the delay that would be caused by the means af transmission. The closing dispatch or the blue book is from Minister Layard last Monday, announcing that Russian parlementaire had appeared at Sorna soudlar announcing the suspension of hostili ties in Bulgaria. BADGER S0L0NH. Northern Pacific ExtensionNo Prayers for the Assembly. [Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.] MADISON, WiB., Jan. 17.In the Senate a resolution asking Congress to extend the time for the completion of the Northern Pacific rail road passed to a third reading. It will pass both houses. A resolution was adopted favor ing the repeal of the resumption act. Also a resolution of thanks to ex-Gov. Washburn for the profferred gift of Edgewood for an indus trial and reformatory school for girls. A bill was introduced in the Assembly for the creation of the county of Flambeau from the territory of the counties of Chippewa and Taylor. A memorial to Congress asking aid for the construction of Sturgeon Bay Canal was passed. A resolution providing for opening of sessions with prayer was killed. Summing Up the Connecticut Accident. HARTFORD, Ct., Jan. 17.Mrs. Perry Carman, of Winsted, reported among the killed in the recent railway disaster, is uninjured. The number of dead is 13 wounded 46, some se verely but most only slightly. The funeral of the young men from Hartford takes place Fri day. As no inquiry has been made for people miss ing, it is thought that such inquiries would be made if any were still in the wreck, as parties were generally parties from different towns, and all were in company with friends or ac quaintances. The Weather. WASHINGTON, Jan. 181 M.Indications for the Upper Mississippi and Lower Missouri Valleys: Clear or partly cloudy weather with variable winds and stationary or higher pres sure and temperature. THE CHLNESE. VIEWS OF LATE SENATOR MOBTON. TJis Protection Guaranteed by the Laws of the Land, the Fruits of the Great Civil War, Must be ExtendedCalifornia's Present Prosperity Generally Due to the Olive Eyed Laborers. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.The paper embody ing the views of the late Senator Morton on the Chinese question, submitted to the Senate to-day, is to a considerable extent fragmentary, but the character of the conclusions reached by him as an individual member "and minority of one" of the Joint Congressional Committee on Chinese immigration, are clearly Bhown by the following synopsis: "American institu tions are not arbitrary in their character, not mere creations of the force of circumstances, but are based on the great and eternal doctrines of the equality and natural rights of man. We profess to believe that God has given to all men the same rights without regard to race or color, yet it has taken one hundred years to es tablish this doctrine by legal formula in our jgwernment, and there are stiU large numbers who do not in their minds admit its truth, and practically deny it by preventing it from being carried into effect. It is proclaimed in the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, and recognized by our constitution that our country is open to immigrants from all parts of the world, an asylum for the oppressed and un fortunate. While China and Japan, yielding to Western civilization, and especially recog nizing the force of the example and policy of the United States, have abandoned their policy of EXCLUDING FOREIGNERS, it is proposed that we should adopt their cast off policy, and the same arguments used at one time in these countries to justify exclusion, are reproduced here, namely, that the admis sion of foreigners interfered with the trade and labor of their people, corrupted their morals and degraded their religion. The strength and endurance of pur government does not depend on our material wealth and prosperity, nor will they be insured merely by the great diffusion of education. OCR ONLY ABSOLUTE SECURITY consists in the devotion of the masses of the people to the doctrines upon which the govern ment was founded. My profound conviction is that the rights of men are not conferred by constitutional amendments which may be altered or abolished, but are the natural God-given and inalienable right of universal man. Closely allied to this great doctrine, and in fact itB necessary outgrowth, is the policy which throws open the doors of our nation to all who desire to make our country their home. Yet we still retain the right to prescribe conditions and create safeguards to protect us from pauperism, crime and disease, and to FIX THE TERMS upon which they may become citizens and par ticipate in the government. To regulate immi gration and to prescribe term* upon which we will admit men of foreign birth to the exercise of civil and political rights is* one thing. To prohibit or exclude them in whole or in part is another. It is both our right and our duty to make such regulations as well as to protect the interests, morals and safety of our people against foreigners, and we may further dis criminate among nations and exact terms and conditions from the people of one country that we do not deem necessary as to others. We have always made this discrimination with re gard to THE BIGHT TO BECOME CITIZENS by permitting none but white persons to be come naturalized, but as to the right to work, to trade, to live or acquire property, we have never made any distinction. To do so now would be a great innovation of the policy and traditions of our government, and would be a long step in denial of the brotherhood of man and of the broad humantarian POLICY INAUGURATED BY OUR FATHERS. The limitation of the right to become natur alized to white persons was placed in the law when slavery was the controlling influence in our government, and is now retained by the lingering prejudices growing out of that insti tution. After having abolished slavery and by constitutional amendments established the* EQUAL CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS of all men, without regard to race or color, to again recognize distinctions of race and color by excluding the copper colored people of Asia from our shores, and to establish a new govern mental policy upon the basis of color or differ ent form of civilization and religion, would be inconsistent and unsound. As Americans, STANDING ON THE GREAT DOCTRINES to which I have referred,and seeking to educate the masses unto their belief, and charged with the administration of the laws by which equal rights and protection shall be extended to ail races. We cannot now safely take a new de parture and in another form resurrect and re establish these odious DISTINCTIONS OF RACE AND COLOR which brought upon us the late civil war and from which we fondly hoped God in his provi dence had delivered us forever. Although the enquiry which the committee were instructed to make does not involve the political rights of the Chinese, I may be permitted to observe that in my judgment the Chinese cannot be pro tected in the Pacific States without representa tion in the Legislature or Congress, without a voice in the selection of the officers. Com pleto protection can be given them only by al lowing them the rights of citizens. Again, in considering any proposition to PROHIBIT CHINESE IMMIGRATION, the fact should be borne in mind that the Chinese landing on our Pacific coast come from the British port of Hong Kong. Hence though subjects of China they are invested with the rights of British subjects, and in any legisla tion or treaty by which they would limit or forbid their landing on our shores we must deal with the British Government, and not that of China. In the early days of California the price of labor was exorbitant, and the high price of labor made it impossible to engage in Manufactures or any pursuit that came into competition with the productions of other countries. It is undoubtedly true, notwith standing the outcry AGAINST CHINESE CHEAP LABOR, that the average rate of wages in California is higher than in any other part of the United States, and now stands largely in the way of the developement of the State. It is said the presence of Chinese in California prevents emi gration thither of white people, aud therefore stands in the way of the growth of the State. If such is the fact, which I do uot admit, it springs from the persecution visited upon Chi namen, and the gross misrepresentations which have been made that there have been many in stances where the Chinese were employed in preference to whites because of their cheaper labor. This is undoubtedly true, but not to the extent that could furnish just complaint requiring legislation or political action for its redress. No system of labor is HEALTHY OR PROFITABLE which is not free, and in which men are not free to work for such prices as they choose to accept. Looking at the question broadly, and at the effect which Chinese labor has exerted in Cali fornia, running through a period of twenty five years, I am strongly of the opinion that but for the presence of Chinese, California would not now have more than one-half or two thirds her present white population. That Chinese labor has opened up many avenues and new industries for white labor, made many kinds of busines possible, and laid the founda tions of manufacturing interests that bid fair to rise to enormous proportions that the pres ence of Chinese holding out the prospect for labor at reasonable rates induced the transfer of large amounts of capital and emigration to California, and of large numbers ot business and enterprising men, thus making California a most inviting field for emigrants from every class of society, including laboring men. Mr. Morton adduces the evidence given before the joint Congressional committee, which shows the intellectual capacity of the Chinese is fully equal to white people. About five thousand Chinese women have come, MOST OF THEM PROSTITUTES, imported by procurers, who manage and dis pose of them on their arrival. The better and greater part of the Chinese are opposed to this degrading and destructive traffic, and have made repeated efforts to abolish it. The origi nal responsibility for their importation bes with the steamship companies and masters of sailing vessels, who should- have refused to bring titem. But when we consider the extent and eneet of white prostitution in all our large cities, we can't charge this to the Chinese as an original offenBe or one peculiar to their color. In conclusion he says, labor does not require that a price shall be fixed by law, or that men who live cheaply and can work for lower wages, shall for that reason be kept out of the coun try. THE HOODLUMS. H* VIOLENT ACTS IN SAN FMANCI8CO. Organizing for War on the ChineseCity Authorities Alarmed Military Aid PromisedArrest of headers. SAN FRANCISCO, Jan 17.For some time past the language used at meetings of so called WorMngmen by the agitators Kearney, Knight, Willick and others have been grow ing more and more incendiary in character. At meetings held in the city last night pretty strong intimations were given that the Chinese passengers by the Steamer Tokio, due here to-morrow, would be at tacked. It has been ascertained that under the advice of their leaders the mob has been forming military companies and have made some purchases of weapons. The power of public opinion and vigorous utterances of ihe press have finally spurred the authorities to action. This morn ing the heads of the executive, judicial and legislative departments of the city government, held a secret conference, as the result of which a special meeting of the board of supervisors was held this afternoon. The Mayor called the attention of the board to the threat of the agitators against life and property and their defiance of the govern ment, and declared the time for decisive ac tion had come. Resolutions were adopted autorizing the Mayor to appoint a committee of seven of the board to go to Sacramento this evening and procure the immediate passage of bills authorizing the police commissioners to ap point temporarily, such a number of special police as may be desired necessary from time to time to the preserva tion of order. The Company left on the evening boat this p. m. The Mayor had a conference with Gen. McComb, who has also ordered the entire military force to assemble at their armories, and remain under arms until further notice. Gen. McDowell has given assurance that the authorities shall have the support of U. S. troops if required. The California Mining Company to-day re-elected the old board of trustees without apposition. LATERARREST OF RIOTERS. Kearney and Willock were arrested this evening on charges of conspiracy and misde meanor and held in bail for $11,000 and $5, 000 respectively, in default of which both were locked up. They say they will not at tempt to procure bail. They also assert that hereafter their meetings will be secret except the usual Sunday gathering in the city hall lots. Warrants are also out for the arrest of Knight. The police have orders to promptly arrest any speaker indulging in incendiary language. STILL LATER. SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 17.The city is very quiet to-night. The workingmen bad no meetings. The military were on guard dur ing the night. A number of minor agitators were arrested and locked up. The storm has ceased in the city. As far as known, it extended throughout the State. No damage of consequence reported to rail roads or other property. The rain fall has been general and copious. IN THIS COUNTRY. BALTIMORE, Jan 17.Nearly every Italian in the city was in St. Steven's church at the requiem mass for the late King of Italy. The church was heavily draped and eight priests were within the sanctuary. RICHMOND, Va., Jan. 17.A Bolemn mass and requiem was celebrated to-day in the cathedral for the late Victor Emanuel and after religious services there was an impos ing public procession. The business estab lishments of Italians were closed during the forenoon. TIEED0F FIGHTING. A Great Deal of Talh About an Armistice The Turles Evidently Want Peace. SCHIPKA PASS CAPTURED. LONDON, Jan. 17.An official account of the capture of Schipka Pass states that four Pashas, 280 officers, 25,000 prisoners and 81 guns were captured. The Russian loss in killed and wounded was 5,464 men. MORE RUSSIAN SUCCESSES. The Russian vanguard has occupied Esbi Saghra and Feni Sagnraf~which were evacu ated and burned by the inhabitants. Gen. Skoheleff has captured Tokar Bazardjek and Vetrenoma. POSITION ON GREECE. VIENNA, Jan. 17.A special to the Political Correspondence from Athens has the follow ing: The ministry does not intend at pres ent to obey the popular warlike feeling. Im portant negotiations are pending between Greece and England upon the issue of which depends whether Greece shall or not at an early date play an active part with and at the side of England. MONTENEGRIN SUCCESS. COTTARD, Jan. 17.The Montenegrins have entered Dulcigno without resistance. STILL FOB GORE. BELGRADE, Jan. 17Prince Milan has telegraphed Students Legion that he will not entertain a thought of peace until he has captured Frezern. CONTRADICTORY. LONDON, Jan. 18.The news of England's and Austria's action is confirmed by the Vienna New Free Press excepting that Aus tria only made her declaration at Constanti nople and not at St. Petersburg. The New Free Press adds: "Since the capture of Schipka Pass Russia's conditions have been severer, and instead of admitting the necess ity of the previous agreements with the powers, she now insists on a separate peace." On the other hand a St. Petersburg de spatch says: "It is seiui-officially announc ed that no such declarations as attributed to England and Austria have been received here. In the negotiations for armistice Eng land had had an opportunity of convincing herself. To seek England's participation in any alteration of international treaties. Austria expresses herself, as hitherto, con formable to her specially friendly relations to Russia. WHAT MAY HAPPEN. LONDON, Jan. 18.A special from Athens says there is a ministerial crisis there. It is reported from Constantinople should the armi stice negotiations fail the Porte will unfurl the flag of the Prophet or permit the British fleet to pass the Dardanelles. VIENNA, Jan. 17.A correspondent telegraphs the porte has abandoned all hope of Suliemen Pasha being able to reach Adrianople, and the Turks are preparing to evacuate it. The Pott is able to state that the British army and navy estimates have been based oa framed on peace footings and will be presented at the earliest possible moment. NUMBER 4. A DEAD MONARCH. XING VICTOR EMANUEL INUBNED. Gorgeous and Impressive Ceremony Guards of Honor-Civil Dignitaries, Mto i*Uw Senators, Knights, and 2,700 JJepn- taMona of other Representative Bodies Take Part in the DemonstrationsBe Ugioos Services Simply Absolution and fhe Benediction. ROME, Jan. 17.The funeral of the late King Victor Emanuel took place to-day and was very impressive. The body of the dead monarch was placed on the funeral car at 9 a. m. and the procession started from the Qnirinal about 10. It was headed by 15 military detachments with six bands and the clergy bearing tapers. The car used at the funeral of King Ch&rCes Alb rl of Sardinia Victor Emanuel's father, was used on this occasion. It was surmounted by THE IRON CROWN, the ancient diadem of the Lombard Kings, which was brought from Monea for the occa sion. The car was preceded by Lieutenant General Medici, the late King's first aide-de camp, mounted, who bore the palesto sword sheathed. The car was surrounded by a guard of honor and special representatives delegated by foreign courts. It was followed by Victor Emanuel's favorite horse, riderless, military banners and guard of honor, eight e detachments of civil dignitaries, minis ters and deputies and Knights of the Annun ciata. The procession was one mile long. Besides this there were TWENTY-SEVEN HUNDRED DEPUTATIONS from all parte of Italy numbering each from five to several hundreds. The entire proces sion, except Gen. Medici, was on foot. From the qnirinal it moved by the piazza Di Espagna to the piazza Del Popolo, thence down the Corso nearly to the end and TO THE PANTHEON, where it arrived about 4 o'clock. The eccles iastical services were confined to simple ab solution, and the benediction was pro nounced by Monsignor Gorri, Archpriest of the chapter of the church. The stone which is to be placed in the chapel destined for the king is a simple slab bearing only the words, "VICTOR EMANUEL, FrRST KDTO OF ITALY." It stood between the high altar and the altar of Saint Anastasias Marter. On the right the Pantheon is entered. Over the gateway of the Pantheon was the following inscrip tion: "Italy, with a mother's pride, with a daughter's grief, supplicates for the great king, who was a faithful citizen and triumph ant soldier, the immortality of the righteous and the heroic.*' lha procession was one hour and a half passing a given point. The costumes on the official portion, including the soldiery, WERE MAGNIFICENT, and the effect of the spectacle was heighten ed by the display of seventy lettered ban ners. The Crown Prince of Germany with representatives from Austria, Portugal and Baden, walked abreast. The effect of the music in the proce&sion was most impressive. The Pantheon was SPLENDIDLY DECORATED, as was the Chappelle Aidente. Daylight was excluded by the Star of Italy visiting the roof. The side^f the Chapel of Clement XI was walled in and draped wrth gold and crimson. Becord of Crasher*. CINCINNATI, Jan. 17.R. W. Johnson, for merly propnetor of a planing mill, Newport, Ky., filed a petition in bankruptcy last even ing. Liabilities $54,000 assets $26,000. DANVILLE, 111., Jan. 17.The Danville bank ing and trust company has closed its doors. It is stated that its only assets are bonds of the Paris Danville railroad, which was built by the bank. If this is correct the depositors will be out about $300,000. The bank's condition has not, however, been officially made public. STERLING, 111., Jan. 17.The banking house of_J. M. Patterbon & Co., made an assignment this morning to R. C. Hampton. Liabilities $80,000: assets $20,000. It is claimed the sus pension will be temporary. Free Iradc Wanted. BOSTON, Jan. 17.The leading wool manufac turers, dealers and importers, in session to day, adopted a memorial to Congress setting forth the general depression of the wool mar ket and the disadvantages under which both producers and manufacturers now labor in this country. The memorial concludes as follows.' We therefore most respectfully request that in the revision of the tariff the duties on all wools may be largely reduced if not wholly re moved, and that mohair, camels' hair, alpacca, Vienna and similar materials not produced in this country may be admitted free of duty, and that duties on woolens may be fixed at a moderate rate correuponding with the scale adopted on other manufactures." Death of a Prominent Citizen. OMAHA, Jan. 17.St. John Goodrich died last night. He was 68 years old, a native of New York State, and was editor of several papers in Pennsylv ania for many years, and held State federal offices under Democratic administra tion He resided here nearly 20 years, and was several times elected to prominent offices here. At the time of his death he was Grand Represen tative of the Odd Fellows to the Grand Lodge of the United States, and was also a Royal Arch Mason. John Ray, a young man arrested at Ledrey, for making counterfeit half dollars, was brought here, and is now in jail. Imperial Stamp Duty for Prussia. BERLIN, Jan. 17.Prussia has proposed to the federal council an imperial stamp duty throughout the empire, for the benefit of the imperial exchequer. No arrangement has yet been reached between Germany and Nicaragua of the difficulty about the treatment of Herr Erstentuck, the German Consul. Semi-official journals doubt the probability of an amicable settlement. A Newspaper Wedding. CmcAao, Jan. 17.A quiet but notable and elegant wedding took place here at noon to day, the contracting parties being R. J. Pat terson, Jr. who is connected in an editorial ca pacity with the Tribune, and Miss Eleanor Ii. Mediil, daughter of the Hon. Jas. Medill. The ceremony was performed at Mr. MedilTs resi dence, only relatives and intimate friends be ing present. Iotca's New Governor. DES MOINES, Jan. 17.The inaugural cere monies of Governor-elect John H. Gear, were quietly and unostentatiously conducted to-day, although a large concourse of people were in attendance. His address was largely devoted to State topics, but he reverted to the question of national finances, and warmly urged re monetization and resumption. Funeral of Mr. Bowles. SPBiNGFrELD, Mass., Jan. 17.The funeral of Mr. Bowles will be private, but a memorial service will be held at the Church of Unity, Wednesday next, to which his friends are in vited. This service will not be purely religi ous, but prominent gentlemen from the coun try are expected to be present and deliver short tributes. Struck it Big. PUEBLO, Col., Jan. 17.One of the richest discoveries was made on the 12th inst.,_ at Banta mines, a short distance west of this city. Mr. Munn, an old prospector, struck a lode ore, which assays the enormous sum of $12,600 in gold and $1,100 in sdver, per ton. There is great excitement in camp, and everybody is rushing to the scene of the new discovery.^ The Trestle Bridg* Victim*. HARTFORD, Conn., Jan. 17.A. S. Adams, one of the seriously injured at Tauffville, died U day, making 14 dead so far. The funeral of Miss Allen and the two Misses McCarger took place in Winstcd to-day. Busi ness was generally suspended.