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Daily globe. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, January 24, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025287/1878-01-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Senate Wrestling with the Silver Ques-
tionSpeeches For and Against the Mat
thews' Re8olution--*e Bill by Blaine
JProvidluj? that Silver Coinage shall he
Interchangeable with GoldAppoint
ments and Confirmations-Committee
WAfiHiNgroN, Jan. 23.A large number of
petitions were presented by Senators from
working men i aiious imrts of the country
remonstrating against the reduction of duties
on certain goods and the restoration of a
duty on tea and coffee. Keferred.
The committee on naval affairs was dis
charged from furthei consideration of the
question of the reinstatement of Surgeon J.
L. Draper in the navy and the committee on
the judiciary wa$ directed to make the in
quiry in the Ha, ^e case.
Senator Sergeant called up the Senate bill
to provide for removal of the nuval observa
tory, and it was discussed until the expiration
of the morning hour, and laid ovei.
Senator Blaine intioduced a bill to com a
silver dollar of so many grains as the diiector
of the mint shall from time to time pre
scribe, to bo a legal tender in common with
gold com up to and including hve dollars.
and for all sums exceeding five dollars. The
debtor shall have the right to tender and
the creditor demand, one-half of the amount
in gold and one-half in silvov coin. Ordered
printed and to lie on the table.
Senator Sargent presented a petition of
3,000 citizens of California in tavor of gov
ernment aid to constiuct the Texas Pacific
lailroad BO as to have a competing line from
the Pacifio to the Atlantic ocean. Keferred.
Senator Terry introduced a bill to regulate
the compensation of postmasteis, and for
other purposes. Referred. It provides as
its mam feature, that the compensation of
fourth class postmasters shall be based upon
Btamps cancelled in their offices, instead of
stamps sold.
Senator Cockrell submitted a tesolution to
print 12,000 copies of the eulogies on the
life and character of the late Senator Bogy,
and Senator McDonald submitted a similar
resolution to print an equal number of copies
of the eulogies on the late Senator Morton.
The Senate then lesumed considetation of
the unfinished business, the resolution of
Senator Matthews to pay the inteiest and
principal of the bonds in silver.
Senator Cockrell argued that silver was
still a legal tender coin of the United States.
The customs regulations of 1871 piovided
that silver dollars, though no longer coined,
or issued, \seie receivable for duties on im
ports in limited sums, and subsidiary silver
coin was leceivable to the extent of i5 Mr.
Conant, late Assistant Secretary of the Treas
ury, in a letter directed in 1875 to the Sur
veyor of Customs at St. Louis, stated that
silver dollars were receivable for duties on
imports to an unlimited extent. Thus the
government officials proclaimed the silver
dollar as a legal tender. He argued that the
bondhloders knew that the dollar named in
his bond meant the silver coin ol 412^
grains, or the coin of 25 8-10 grains. Silver
dollars had been practically as much in cir
culation, as money since 18Cl,as gold. Neith
er metal had been actually used and circulat
as money in the business of the county since
that time.
Senator Cockrell then quoted extensively
from statistics showing the coinage or gold
and silver, and called particular attention to
the following figmes: The coinage of the
silver dollar in 18G8 was &54,&00 18G9 it
was $231,350 in 1870, $688,308 iu 1871,
$657,929 in 1872, $1,112,901, and in 1873
up to the time that silver was demonetised,
the coinage amounted to 977,155. Had the
coinage been continued that joar it coul
have amounted to $1,571,102. Ihese tacts
wore not mere assertions. Ikey showed a
rapid and wonderful increase of silver coin
age. The gold coinage in 1868 was 1-10,-
550 in 18G9, $5,925 in 1970, $4.1,300 in
1871, $3,940 in 1872, $1,030 in 1873, $252,-
000 in 1874, 323,420, and in 1875 it fell to
theienormoua sum oE $20.
Senator Bayard inquired if the Senator in
preparing his table had not counted each
piece of silver coined as a dollar. Did not
the tables show that the value of gold coined
was twice as much at, that oi silver?
Senator Cockrell lepned that his taoles
were coriect. Ke knew that assertions Lid
been published the newpi.pus, and made
in speeches and sent forth PS iacts, trougu
they were not true. The government ojii
cials had falsified the facts. He then argued
that all the subsidiary silver coined prior to
the act of the fiist of April, 1853, was a full
legal tender tor all debts, public and piivato.
Prior to that date the half dollar, quarter
dollars, ten and five cent pieces, were pro
portionately of the same value as the hiver
dollar of 412^ grains. All subsidiary com
issued prior to the act of Apnl 1st, 1853, was
to-day vested with unlimited legal tender
power, and the government mubt receive such
coin in payment of all customs duties.
Senator Bavaid Baid the Senator would
recollect that In 1853, when six and seven
tenths grains were taken out of every half
dollar, it was because they could not bo kept
in the country. They were swept out of this
country wheie they were undervalued, and
went to other countries where they weie
properly valued.
Senator Cockrell said in the western coun
try there were many silver half and quar
ters coined prior to 1854 still in use. Many
of them had been locked up for years, and
brought out since the war. He argued that
the bondholders had no right to question
the power of Congress in regard to coining
money and regulating its value. They had
no right to complain, becauso no matter
what happened, they would still bo paid in
coin of the standard of value of July 14,
He then referred to the assuranco of gov
ernment officers that the bonds would be
Eaid in gold, and argued that these officials
ad no right to modify the plain words of
the law. They could not change the terms
of the contract. Officers of the government
were administrators of law and not law mak
ers, and no one knew this better than the
present Secretary of the Treasury.
He then quoted from a recent report of
that officer urgently lecommending Congress
to sanction his assertion that the bonds
would be paid in gold, lh Secretary had
dared to give unauthorized assurances to the
bondholders, but he had not dared to issue a
single bond contrary to law. To claim now
that the United States must pay its boMs in
gold on account of the assurance of the Sec
retary of the Treasury was bcarcely less tlaan
a crime. The cry of repudiation, violating
national honor," impuguing"the faith of the
government, and so on, had been heard from
far and wide, from the eastern press and
from the bondholders, their allies and
friends. Western men in favor of the re
monetization of Silver had been stigmatized
as lunatics.
He, Cockrell, was as firmly devoted to the
maintenance of the national honor as any of
these parties, and ho hurled back with scorn
and contempt their imputations. He stood
upon the floor of this Senate as one of the
Senators of the great State of Missouri, and
demanded for the people the enforcement of
the contract. He boldly asserted that to pay
the bonds in gold and silver or in silver
alone, was in perfect compliance with the
plain words of the law and with all the re
cognized principles of honesty and national
honor. He charged these crimes of repudia
tion upon those who upheld the bondholders.
The people whom he represented, with the
bayonets of truth in their hands, would drive
them into a decent observance of the plain
terms of the law. The bondholders by their
false criefc were attempting to fasten their
high crimes and misdemeanors upon those
who desired to comply in good faith with the
letter and spirit of the law. The tax payers
of the country had their rights, one of
which was to "pay the bonds in silver, and
they would never surrender that right. The
people could not and would not pay gold
alone. He heartily approved the lesolution
of the Senatoi from Ohio, and it was the
imperative duty of Congreas to-day, not only
to pass this resolution, but also to restore the
free coinage of the sih er dollar by passing
the silver bill.
Senator Randolph spoke in opposition to
the lesolution, and in favor of gold as a sin
gle standard of value. He referred at length
to the various government bonds, and argued
that the government had the right to pay
the bonds issued prior to 1873 in gold or
silver coin, at its option, while as to the re
mainder of its bonded obligation, payment
must absolutely be made gold. He
would endeavor to show where it was our
lawful right to pay in either coin, and where
our interests would not be subserved by
payments in silver. He argued that it had
been the studied purpose of the government
to persuade the mind of capital that coin
meant gold. No resolutions of Congress,
no opinions of secretaries, could have had, or
ever would have, a breath of influence on
the minds of lenders compared with a long,
unbroken piactice of the government itself.
Aside from considerations of interest and
policj', we had never at one, nor at all times,
put together, within our history as a govern
ment, the silver coin to make payment with.
Counting all the silver coined since 1792 it
amounted to four millions of dollars, an
amount insufficient to pay the interest alone
on the present bonded debt of the United
States for 14 days. When we made our ob
ligations we took no thought of payment in
silver, dreamed of no chance like the one
now sought for, and meant by coin that
metal which the government had ever before
paid to its creditors, that coin which the
whole commercial and financial world, with
whom we have to deal, know only as our
coin payment.
Should we make a law lemonetizing silver,
and that coin of 412% grains remain rela
tively as much cheaper than gold as it now
is, what advantage will our remonetization
be to the people beyond that given to those
now in debt? It would poesess none as to
all new obligations. They would be made
expressly payable in gold or so charged for
higher rates of interest, or higher charges
for commodities, as to make the cost to the
borrower of money, or the purchaser of mer
chandise, relatively the same as if the trans
actions had taken place on a gold basis.
He argued that since the silver bill had
been under discussion large loans of money
have only been had by inserting gold com
pa} merit in the bond. The laws of Congress
though they be piled mountain high, cannot
change the higher and immutable laws of
supply and demand, or the speedy exit of
capital from the protection of a government
that menaces either its honest value or its
righteous possession.
He argued that remonetization of silver
would be a loss to the people and would not
lessen the public burden. If silver is made
a legal tender and remains the cheaper coin
and is to be paid out by the government,
then all will agiee that we may no longer re
fund our debt now being done at 4 per cent.,
at the same rate of interest, or sell our bonds
at the price we obtain for them now. Just
to the extent, theieior, that the government
payt, at a higher rate of interest or sells its
bonds for a lower price, it is the loser. The
public burden is not lessened, but is increased
for all practical purposes and substantially
for those of commercial ones also.
Silver, as a legil tender even of the'people
passed out of existence more than twen
ty years before the passage of the celebrated
remonetization act of 1873. Its use by the
peoplo had been confined long before the war
to the ever-convenient and alwajs to be ciicu
lated subsidiaiy coin, the half dimes and
dimes, the quaiteis and half dollars of every
day usethe people's money in reality, the
money oc convenience to them, but not the
money for their hard earned savings to be
In lefeinng to the act of February, 1873,
demonetising silver, he denied that it was
smuggled through Congress, and said it was
clearly understood. He argued that the silver
dollar was demonetized, because it was worth
a cents more than the gold dollar, and
would not remain in the country. He be
lieved a double standard was not only detri
mental to the government, but was in itself
substantially impracticable. The nations of
the highest civilization, those with which our
affairs are largest, have either adopted the
single gold standard, or restricted the coinage
of silver so as to amount to about the same
thing. We could not take the East Indies
and the Chinese as our guides in finance.
He next discussed the power of Congress
to com money and regulate its value, and,
referring to repudiation, said he believed
there was no purpose upon the part of the
people at large to do ought that would lay
them open to the just charge of repudiation.
He spoke of his deadly hatred of that crime,
and said he did not question that, all honor
able men hated it. If in passing bills to re
monetize silver we are adjudged by the
broad world from whom much of our capital
has heretofore come, and must hereafter
largely come, guilty of doubtful action re
garding our obligations, the penalty, whether
rightfully or wrongfully inflicted, will fall
after all with more distinct severity upon
private enterprise than upon public credit.
If upon these the blight of broken
faith, real or implied, shall fall, then
indeed will we have added to the cup of our
present misfortunes.
He spoke from personal knowledge wllen
ho said that foreign and domestic capital re
fuses to give Amercan enterprise credit at this
very hour because of this debate. With a
single standard of gold we may safely enter
upon competition in all markets in the
world, for this is the one standardfcundis
puted. With a double standard half the
world's markets are beyond our efforts.
He then spoke of the inconvenience of sil
ver in large amounts, the cast of transport
ing it, etc. He had no sympathy for the
moifty kings, but he would cater to no pas
sing passion by hurling epithets at any class
of our fellow citizens, though they have the
misfortune to be rich. The capitalists were
not bondholders. The real holders of our
government bonds were rarely the great cap
italists. To him the interest is too low, even
upon the best of them. The registered bonds
of the United States tell the story. Exam
ine the books and you will find the names
of executors, trustees and guardians of es
tates, not great estates, but small ones. You
will find the names of widows whose slender
means permit no hazard of income. You
will rarely find large amounts in any name,
and still more rarely in the names of capital
ists. These are facts that no rhetoric will
In conclusion, he argued that government
bonds were held by the savings institutions
of the country. Those special depositories of
the provident, poor life insurance companies,
which were among the most beneficient of
modern institutions, had their reserve funds
invested in them. The school fund in his
own State was largely interested in govern
ment bonds. He believd three-fourths of
the government bonds were in the hands, or
held for the benefit of poor people.
At the conclusion of. Randolph's remarks
Senator Lamar took the floor but yielded to
Senator Ransom for a motion for an execu
tive session.
Senator Conkling said the Senate should
have an understanding as to some time when
a vote upon the resolution of the Senator
from Ohio, (Matthews.) could be taken. The
mover of the resolution deserved to have a
vote as soon as possible, and he, (Conkling.)
therefore suggested that some hour to-mor
row be fixed for that purpose.
Senator Davis, (111.,)I suggest 3 o'clock.
Senator. Morrell inquired if the proposition
included all the amendments.
Senator Conkling replied in the affirmative.
Senator Morrell said he would have to ob
ject, because his colleague, Edmunds, not
now in the chamber, deserved to speak upon
his amendment offered some days ago, and
he, (Morrell,) also deserved to speak a few
minutes upon the amendment submitted by
Senator Conkling said this being a mere
preliminary resolution, not even aiming at
the character of a statute, was occupying a
vast deal^of time. There it stood, blocking
the way of legislation, with the silver bill be
hind it, and he supposed it would be next
considered. All this debate would be in or
der on that bill, and unless the Senate should
make some agreement an all night session
might take place which could be avoided.
Senator Merriman said there were four
or five gentlemen on his side the chamber
who desired to speak, and he should regret to
see them cut off by fixing an hour for the
vote to be taken.
Senator Allison said much of the argument
made on the resolution could be made on
the silver bill, which would come up next,
and he suggested that the Senate vote on
the resolution and pending amendments at
3 o'clock Friday.
Senator Bayard said much of the debate
on the silver bill had been anticipated in the
debate on the resolution, though he hoped
there would be no haste in fixing for a vote.
The two measures were closely connected,
and the importance of the subject could not
be over estimated. Should the debate be
hastily terminated on this resolution, it
might be so terminated on the silver bill.
A great deal had been said, but it was chiefly
on one side, and he favored the fullest debate.
Senator Thurman said he had said nothing
on this resolution, though he might have
said something. Congress had been in ses
sion three months, and it was time to do
something practical. It would not be deter
mined what would be the law of the land
in regard to silver until a vote should be
taken on the silver bill. He did not believe
the fixing of a time to vote on the resolution
would be cutting off any Senator, because the
argument could be continued on the silver bill.
He believed the best interests of the whole
country required remonetization of silver,
and that all the fears which had been ex
pressed in regard thereto, wfre wholly
imaginary. He favored a speedy settlement
of the question.
Senator Blaine suggested that the Senator
from Ohio (Matthews) postpone his resolu
tion until after the silver bill should be acted
upon. This resolution stood right across
the path of practical legislation.
Senator Matthews declined to postpone his
resolution. He was anxious to have a vote
upon it and was willing to undergo as much
personal inconvenience as any other Senator.
He therefore gave notice that ii the majority
of the Senate would stand by him he pro
posed to have the session continued on Tues
day until the resolution and pending amend
ments be disposed of.
The Senate then went into executive
sion. Adjourned.
WASHEHGTOK, Jan. 23.Mr. Franklin pre
sented a resolution of merchants of Kansas
City in favor of remonetization of silver,
Mr. Ellsworth introduced a bill lelieving
bank deposits from internal tax. Referred.
The House then considered the steamboat
bill. The paragraph having been reached
reading. "Each master, chief engineer and
first-class pilot, licensed as herein provided,
shall pay for every certificate gianted by any
inspector or inspectors, the sum of eight dol
lars, and every chief mate, engineer and pi
lot of inferior grade shall pay for every cer
tificate so granted the sum of four dollars,"
Mr. Marsh offered an ainendmnnt making
the fee for certificates re-issued one dollar,
and various other amendments in the same
direction, and finally the amendment offered
by Mr. Marsh was accepted.
Other amendments bemg made and rejected,
Mr. Luttrell offered an amendment which he
withdrew after some discussion, pioviding
that no American vessel shall employ in any
capacity whatever, a Chinese or Mongolian.
Mr. Luttrell's amendment having been
withdiawn, Mr. Sayler said that is all I
want. I want this steamboat bill to pass.
Mr. Ward offered an amendment requir
ing ocean steamships to carry mortar and
other appliances for casting shot lines on
shore in case of shipwreck. Adopted.
Having disposed of all but four pages of
the bill it was laid aside and the Speaker
presented the resolutions adopted by the
Senate in honor of the late Senator Bogy.
Eulogies were pronounced by Col. E.
Hatcher, Waddell, Phillips, Knott, Sparks,
111., Throckmorton, Clark, Mo., Ellis and
Crittenden, after which the resolutions were
adopted and the House adjourned.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.The House com
mittee on appropriations to-day heard the
secretary of the interior, the commissioner
of the general land office, and the assistant
attorney general for the interior department,
in advocacy of the appropriation of $45,000
to continue operations against depredators
on public timber lands. Representatives
Hooker and Jones, of Alabama, oppose the
proposed appropriation. They claimed
many of the recent actions of the goverment
in regard to timber seizures, &c, in the Gulf
States, had been harsh, oppressive and ille
The sub-committee on ways and means to
day heard an argument of Col. Robert G.
Ingersoll, showing that the laws now in force
taxing savings banks, operate unequally in
different parts of the country, and should be
repealed. In behalf of the institutions, he held
it was unjust to tax the earnings or income
of depositors, and that if the necessities of
the government required an increased reve
nue from banks, let it be raised by a tax on
The President appointed Henry C. Young
and John Grossins, of Ohio, and George P.
Hart and John E Harbridge, of Florida,
honorary commissioners to the industrial
exposition at Paris. They were nominated
by the Governors of their respective States.
The President has nominate) Benjamin
-st^-ja. 3& **s
73-!. .,/&%%. *SSfejEl^
F. Peixoto, of California, U. S. Consul at
Lyons, and Stillwell H. Russell, U. S. Marshal
for the western district of Texas.
A rumor prevails to-day that in conse
quence of the circumstances growing out of
the recent correspondence between repre
sentative Glover and President Hayes in re
lation to the examination of several depart
ments of the government, several members
of the cabinet proposed to resign, but on in
quiry it was ascertained that nothing had oc
curred to disturb the existing harmony and
the truth of the rumor was authoritatively
The Senate confirmed the following nomi
nations of postmasters: WisconsinG. T.
Withe, Grand Rapids C. J. Ellis, Maretta,
P. Allen, jr., Mineral Point. Minnesota^
11. M. Taylor, Anoka.
Introduced by Maine in the SenateInter
cimmjeuble with Gold and Coined by the
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.The bill introduced
in the Senate to-day by Senator Blaine is. in
full text, as follows:
A bill to authorize the coinage of silver
dollars for circulation, and make the same a
legal tender and for other purposes.
Be it enacted, etc.. That silver bullion may
be deposited at any coinage mint or assay
office in New York, for returns in silver dol
lars of "blank" grains of standard silver at
such rates or price per standard ounce of
bullion, as may from time to time be fixed
by the director of the mint with the approval
in writing of the Secretary of the Treasury,
and which rate shall correspond as exactly
as possible with the market rate and the
bullion thus placed shall, in addition to other
required coinage authorized by existing law,
be coined without delay to the fnll capacity
of the mint.
Sec. 2. That any gain or profit arising
from the coinage of silver dollars, shall, after
the payment of the lawful wastage, be cov
ered into the treasury of the United States
at the close of each fiscal year.
Sec. 3. The silver dollar herein authorized
to be coined shall be a legal tender, is by ex
isting law, in common with gold, for all Bums
up to and including $500, and for all sums
exceeding $5. The debtor shall have the
right to tender in full payment, and the
creditor the right to demand one-half the
amount in gold coin and one-half in silver
SEC. 4. Fine or standard gold and silver
bars bearing the stamp of any coining mint,
or assay office at New York, shall be received
by the assistant treasurer of the United States
at New York for their standard value, which
shall be their coining rate respectively, and
coin certificates shall be issued therefor by
the assistant treasuier in the same manner as
coin certificates are now issued for gold coin,
and the certificates so issued shall be redeem
ed by the secretary of the treasury on demand
at the office of the assistant treasurer at New
York in coin or stamped bars of bullion de
posited at his option.
The Recent Philadelphia FailuresFrauds
PracticedOther Suspension*.
NEW YOBK, Jan. 23.The Pont in its
financial column, speaking of the failures
yesterday in Philadelphia says: It appears
now as if there was some arrangement be
tween all the firms by which paper was made
and sold in a way that proper business man
agement does not recognize. We know of
one buyer here who bought fifteen pieces of
this paper, each piece of which was drawn by
some one of the smaller films, endorsed by
E. & C. Stokes. Out of the fifteen pieces
only one piece turned out good. It is esti
mated that between 200,000 and $300,000 of
the paper of these firms was sold here. As
leather paper always ranked high it sold very
well. A considerable amount of it was also
placed in New England.
One of the oldest bankers here says he
never knew so distrustful a time that while
the number of failures is large, the worst
feature is that almost every one brings to
light some new form of deception or fraud,
and that it is more difficult than he ever
knew it to use the money of a bank HO as to
get anything like a fair interest on it without
endangering the principal of the leaner.
CIJEVELAND. Jan. 23.J. M. Brainard, no
tion dealer of this city, made an assignment
last evening. Assets and liabilities unknown.
The assignee gave bonds in $10,000.
NEW YORK, Jan. 23.Rhodes Server,
Produce Merchants, 26 Whitehall St. have
made an assignment. Liabilities nearly
$100,000. Assets very small.
LONDON, Jan. 23.Lomas, Western & Co.,
merchants, ship and insurance agents, failed
Liaqilities 275,000.
Doings of the Wisconsin Legislature.
[Special telegram to the GLOBE.]
MADISON, Wis., Jan. 24The resolutions
for repeal of the resupmtion act were in effect
smothered to-day in the Senate by being
sent to the Committee on Banks and Insur
ance. Senator Hudd made a powerful appeal
for their passage, but appealed without effect.
The vote stood 47 to 14.
Bills were introduced appropriating $170,-
000 to the Madison Insane asylum for two
new additional wings and current expenses:
amending the divorce law so as to allow di
vorce after eight years in suit.
In the assembly a resolution was presented
granting the use of the assembly to Mr.
Schilling, of Cleveland, Ohio, to deliver an
address on soft money, and for biennial ses
sions of the legislature.
Bills were introduced limiting the rate of
interest to 7 per cent. providing for ele
mentary education of children.
Bills passed amending the charter of the
Young Men's Association, of Milwaukee, so
that a public library be established.
Rumors are afloat here to-day that Gov.
Smith will tender the office of Railroad
Commissioner to Hon. Horace Rublee,
chairman of the Republican State Commit
of members of the assembly held to-night
to take action on the resolution pending, ask
ing the remonetizing of silver and repeal of
the resumption act. Much discussion was
had. A majority were strong in favor of the
resolution, and several as strongly opposed.
Prominent members of the party consider
ing it suicidal to pledge the party to its sup
port, and predicting the future success of the
Republican party should such pledges be
made, and also stating that they would un
der no circumstances be held by the action
of the caucus. Resolutions were finally,
after a stormy session, adopted favoring sil
ver and the repeal of the resumption act,
the vote standing about 36 to 4.
Don't forget the great sale of Dry Goods by
the assignee of Schsfer & Korfhage. SpSSI
Bat English Jealousy Still Looked Upon as
Likely to Make TroubleThe Turkish
Parliament Urging the Sultan to Peace
Russians Approaching: GallipolisRus
sia's Advance Merely a Menace to] the
Porte"With no Intention of Occupying
ConstantinopleFearful Sufferings of Ref
LONDON, Jan 24.A dispatch from Con
stantinople says: The Russians have arrived
at Keshan and are expected to reach Galli
polis by Saturday.
Layard, British ambassador, received a
telegram from Osborne announcing that
Queen Victoria had subscribed 100 to
the Turkish compassionate funds.
A Constantinople dispatch dated yesterday
contains the following:
The Porte to-day
received a telegram sent- by Servet Pasha
from Kezanlek, Monday, stating the Russian
conditions had not yet been formulated, but
he expected to learn them on Tuesday. He
stated that the conditions would have a wider
bearing than was at first supposed. The
conversation between the negotiators had
been somewhat animated."
The Porte to-day (Wednesday) sent the
delegates fuller power. The Porte's desire
for peace has increased all the more because
Count Zichy has received no fresh instruc
tions from Austria, although it is known
that Count Andrassy has been informed of
the Russian peace conditions.
The garrison of Gallipolis has been consid
erably reinforced.
LONDON, Jan. 23.The Post states in an
official form that a deputation of Conserva
tive membeis had an interview with Sir
Stafford Northcote, Chancellor for the Ex
chequer, on Tuesday, to urge upon the gov
ernment the necessity of taking up an atti
tude of earnest observation, in view of the
dangerous delays to armistice interposed by
Russia. The Chancellor admitted the gravity
of the situation, and assured the deputation
the government would continue to adhere to
its policy of conditional neutrality.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23.Grand Duke
Nicholas telegraphs he intends to leave Ne
zanlik on the 24th inst., and hopes to ar
rive at Adrianople the 27th.
PARIS, Jan. 23.The Journal Den De
bats learns that Russia has informed the
powers that she does not aim at signing a
treaty of peace at Constantinople, as she
recognizes the difficulties which might arise
from such a course, but she continues the
advance of the army with the object of ex
ercising a pressure upon the Porte. As
soon as the preliminaries of peace are ac
cepted an armistice will be concluded and
the preliminaries communicated to the
LONDON, Jan. 24.A dispatch from Athens
announces that a new cabinet has been con
stituted, with M. Coumandores President of
the Council and Minister of the Interior.
LONDON, Jan. 24.A disparch from Con
stantinople reports that the fleet commanded
by Menthorpe Bey has started for Kanala to
embark Sulieman Pash'a troops. Half of
the army will be conveyed to Gallipolis and
half to Constantinople.
LONDON, Jan. 24.A St. Petersburg cor
respondent telegraphs the following: There
is much excitement here and but Uttle hope
of success of the negotiations is entertained.
It is already rumored that they have been
broken off. Many desire no armistice for
the present and that peace should be dictated
in Constantinople. The threatening lan
guage of a section of the English press
causes much irritation. The people say:
"We do not wish war with England but if It
is forced on us it will be immensely popular."
Much depends on the attitude of Austria, re
garding which there are rrfuch contradictory
LONDON, Jan. 24.A special from Vienna
asserts that Russia has invited Austria to
take immediate possession of Bosnia and
Herzegovinia. Count Andrassy hesitates.
He acknowledges that Russia's conditions
sufficiently respect Austria's interests, but he
has discovered among them what ho fears
will be a causits belli for England. He has
opened negotiations with a view of modify
ing Russian demands.
The new Greek Premier belongs to the
war party.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23.From all the
information derived from well informed
quarters, it appears that the latest advices
from London via Vienna, are of rather a sat
isfactory character, and the relations between
Russia and England are now on a better
footing. The Agence Unsse to-day. says:
The Golos was well informed when it an
nounced yesterday in a telegram from Vienna
that Austria seemed to be entirely reassured
as to the protection of her interests in the
approaching negotiations for peace. This
consideration has probably had something
to do with the improvement which has taken
place in the situation in London.
H. M. Butler, Commission, removed to No.
84 East Third street, over Savings Bank. ^f*A\# be brought to the notice of "all friends of
BERLIN, Jan. 23.The semi-official pro
vincial correspondence says it perceives in
the earnest and successful negotiations for
an armistice the probability of a speedy con
clusion of peace. The article adds, a com
plete peace will not be settled by the bellig
erents alone, and the solution of the ques
tions which have to be taken into considera
tion, cannot to a certain extent be effected
without a previous understanding of the
European powers, and their co-operation,
but the relations hitherto subsisting between
the powers appear to afford good grounds
for trusting that at this decisive moment of
Eastern coinplicatians, success will attend
the efforts made to bring about a solution
while fully protecting the interests of a gen
eral peace. A pledge of this seems to be
afforded by the wisdom and moderation of
the Emperor of Russia, and his intimate
relations with all the neighboring
powers, and the peaceful disposition
recently manifested by England,
S T. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23.Journal dc St.
Petersburg says, on receipt of the first tele
gram, intimating the Porte's desire to nego
tiate, we warned the public against exagger
ated optimism, because the sincerity of the
Porte's desire for peace did not sufficiently
appear. Dispatches published in the British
blue book confirm our view. The Porte's
initiative was prompted by Lord Derby, not
in order to offer the belligerents ground on
which they migkt approach each other, but
to enable England from the outset to inter
pose in the negotiations. It is right this un
precedented diplomatic arrangement should
peace. An armistice can only be concerted
after an arrangement ia arrived at on peace
preliminaries. The British Cabinet declares
it would only recognize a peace in the con
clusion of which Europe participated. It
follows that even in the face of the Porte's
signature peace preliminaries would be
worthless. The Porte's assent not being
binding because Europe might annul it.
The situation is further aggravated by the
declaration of the British government that it
would await Russia's condition before de
manding a credit, eo that if the present at
tempt fails the attitude of England would
have rendered an armistice and peace im
possible, and would plunge the East into
fatal complications. We are far from enter
taining the idea that the British cabinet de
sires this, although to every sincere and im
partial observer, the cogency of our argu
ment will be manifest. Europe must judge,
and it is necessary that in the public con
science and before the tribunal of history
everybody should bear their proper share of
the responsibility.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 23.An international
committee, composed of European Consuls
and notables, has been formed to assist the
refugees who are pouring into the capital.
The committee appeals to the charity of Eu
LONDON, Jan. 23.Reports of Russian ad
vance beyond Adrianople are attracting at
tention, but the wildj statements from Con
stantinople do not commend much credit.
It was thought at most only a few Russian
cavalry can have been seen in the direction
of Gallipolis.
In the House of Commons yesterday, the
under secretary of the foreign department1
in reply to a question, said: The foreign of
fice has received no authentic information
that a strong Russian force was marching on
Gallipolis, but had received reports the truth
of which it had no means of judging that
Russian troops were advancing in that di
rection. The panic in Constantinople conse
quent on the evacuation of Adrianople and
the arrival of thousands of refugees would be
sufficient to account for the circulation of
such rumors.
LONDON, Jan. 23.The Turkish Parlia
ment has voted an address asking the Sultan
to hasten the conditions of peace, or if that
be made impossible or onerous Russian con
ditions, to organize resistance to the bitter
LONDON, Jan. 23.A correspondent at
Rome announces that the Italian squadron
will be ordered to proceed to the Levant.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 23.A correspond
ent says a surgeon who had charge of a sin
gle train of cars for Constantinople filled
with refugees for Adrianople states that 150
were buried on the journey.
LONDON, Jan. 24.A Vienna correspond
ent says it is announced from the quadri
lateral that the Turkish troops have begun
to retreat from Kasgred and Osman Bazar
on the Shumla. The Russians have inter
rupted communications between Rntschuk
and Shumla.
The 4 Per Cent Syndicate Discharged.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.A full representa
tion of the Syndicate is here to-day, and in
frequent consultation with Secretary Sher
man. There was a Cabinet meeting this
morning believed to have reference to the
business of the Syndicate with the depart
ment. It is understood the Cabinet agreed
to release the Syndicate from their last sub
scription of ten millions 4 per cent, bonds,
as Secretary Sherman believes his plan of
selling these bonds will be successful, and
the accounts between the Government and
the Syndicate will therefore be settled imme
After the Cabinet meeting, the gentlemen
representing the Syndicate, accompanied by
Dan Baker, chief of the Loan Division of the
Treasury, called on the President to pay
their respects. During the interview they
talked very earnestly, giving their views on
the silver bill, and some of them assert i he
response of the President to their remarks
was very agreeable to them.
The Rose Wood Morrison Company.
It is safe to say that there was not a solitary
individual at the Opera House last night who
was not highly delighted with the "POOT Young
Man." And although therewas buta moderate
attendance, applause was frequent and hearty.
There is a marked improvement in this most
excellent company since its last visit here. Of
course the leading roles are as well sustained as
they were before, but the Bupport is more effi
cient, and the play is much better dressed.
Miss Boso Wood was handsomer and more
sparkling than ever, and threw herself
into the spirit of the situations with an
abandon that was delightful, Margurite's pet
ulency, hauteur, sparkling humor, bitter irony
and deep smouldering passion, with their
countless shades, were admirably portrayed by
herher beautiful face is not of the expression
less, wax doll kind, but vivacious and mobile in
the extreme, and one hardly knows which to
admire most, her merry, rippling laugh, or her
scintillating glances. There were passages, how
ever, that were somewhat overstrained and
need moderating, notably in the tower scene.
Mr. Morrison was equally good as Manuel, and
it is not the smallest praise to say that both he
and Miss Wood are very careful and earnest in
their reading, not always the case now a-days
upon the stage. J. E. Irving could not be oth
erwise than happy as Doctor Desmarets. Wm.
M. Dell was a very acceptable Mons. DeBevan
neff, and Mr. Coon was greatly applauded as
Laroque, especially in the death Bcene.
Miss Josephine Craig made a good
impression as Heloine, but at times
she lacked spirit. Miss Lizzie Irving
kept the house in a perfect state of merriment
from beginning to end, and was once brought
before the curtain, as was also Mr. Morrison
and Miss Wood. From the time the curtain
rose till its fall applause followed appplause,
indicating how thoroughly the performance
was enjoyed. The "Marble Heart" will be
placed upon the boards this evening, and can
not be other than a refreshing treat in the
hands of one of the best companies that have
ever visited St. Paul.
The Lumbermen's Troubles.
Parties arriving from Pine City last even
ing report lumbering operations in that re
gion as almost at a standstill. A good many
crews are still in the woods, but are doing
nothing, the men being retained at board
wages while awaiting snow in order to go to
work. In some instances snow is being
hauled a distance of two and a half miles,
and shoveled upon the main logging road, in
order to allow of any work being done at all.
One day last week the Pine County Lumber
Company bad sixteen teams at this work,
each of which hauled on an average 75 bush
els of snow in a load. This company is only
one of a number of logging firms that are
doing the same thing. The woods are al
most entirely bare of snow, and they are
compelled to get it along the streams and in
the ravines.
The risit of the Legislative ComwlUe* f
the Insane Asylum at St. Peter.
[Special Telegram to THK GLOBB.]
ST. PETER, Minn., Jan. 23.The legislative
insane committee, both standing and joint
special, with your reporter aa the only news
paper representative, left St. Paul at 7:15
this morning, reaching St. Peter at 1:30.
The party, numbering about twenty, was met
by officers of the asylum and prominent citi
zens at the depot with carriages, and driven
to the Nicollet House for dinner, and thence
to the main asylum, where every department
of the grand edifice and crowded wards were
carefully inspected, Superintending Physi
cian Bartlett, with Chairmen McHench, Fid
des and West leading the van. The sight*
were new to most of the visiting commitoee,
and much interest was manifested. Dr.
Boardman, of St. Paul, came up with us to
deliver a lecture to-night before the lecture
club on some curiosities of language, and ac
companied us through the Asylum. We
spent threo hours in the main institution
then also visited the old hospitals in town.
President Brown, Treasurer Kerr, of the
Board of Regents, and other officers, accom
panied us throughout, and returned to the
Nicollet for supper at six. Then the com
mittee, Superintendent and State Trustees
held an important consultation both before
and after tea. The present committees
while pleased with what is now here, will fa
vor the construction elsewhere in the State
of further needed accommodation for the
The day has been windy and raw and cold
since ten a. m., but warm hospitalities have
made everything genial here. All members
of the committees, with friends, attended the
popular lecture of Dr. Boardman this eve
ning by invitation of the club. The court
house, once proposed as State capitol, was
densely crowded, and the lecture well re
ceived. The party leave to return at 7:30
to-morrow morning. At this hour a banquet
is threatened.
Silver ''chin music," and lots of it, in the
Senate to-day.
That Grand Jury report has the smack of
an out-and-out stump speech.
"Railroad religion" was being preached iu
the highways and by-ways of St. Paul last
Hon. W. L. Banning is to discuss financial
matters at the Chamber of Commerce to
morrow evening.
Thomas Cochrane, jr., will address the
Temperance Reform at their rooms en Sev
enth street, this evening.
Senator Doran's resolution for the repeal
of the Resumption Act is the special order
in the Senate at 11 o'clock this morning.
Deer are plentiful along the Brainerd
branch as far down as Elk River, and ara
seen almost every day from the passing
Judge E, F. Parker, of Duluth, has been
appointed clerk to the Judiciary Committee,
and his appointment will be announced to
the House this morning.
Yesterday afternoon, at the foot of Jack
son street, a runaway dray collided with and
upset an express wagon, but, beyond a slight
scare, no damage was done.
Tugs are plying on Lake Superior between
Duluth and Bayfield and Ashland, and
fact thero is no obstruction to the passage of
steamers from Duluth to Buffalo.
It is rumored that Judge Page will not
fight it out but intends resigning. But the
rumor comes from suspicions quarters, and
the wish, no doubt, is father to the thought.
The three prisoners, C. Bush, Ed. Kay and
Harry Howard, convicted in the District
Court and sentenced to the Penitentiary foi
one year each, were taken to Stillwater yes
The special committee appointed to-day on
the Hastings & Dakota extension bill had a
meeting last evening, and it is understood,
were diligently engaged in framing an en
tirely new bill.
Bridge bills "are still being introduced in
the House, though the prospect of their pay
ment even when passed and signed by the
Governor, is dim, remote and far down the
vista off u+urity.
The indications are that a lively fight will
SOOT be inaugurated in the Legislature be
tween the Northern Pacific and the St. Paul
& Pacific railroads, and that the former will
be the one to take the initiative.
In the lexicon of Webster there is no such
word as remonetization, but the old fellow
couldn't look far enough ahead to see that a
Republican Congress would bo guilty of an
act which has made it a household necessity.
In view of the existence of small pox
along the line of the St. Paul fc Sioux City
Road notices have been posted at the various
stations requesting all employees to take the
proper precautions to guard against it by
At last John X*s Skating Rink will b
duly opened to-night with music and fire
works. The ice is in splendid condition,
and for the remaining nights of the week
there will be jolly times for the skaters.
Twenty-five cents and no risk of being
drowned or burnt up. Take it in.
The two regular committees of the Senate
and House on the Insane and the joint
special committee to which was referred that
portion of the Governor's message relating
to the insane subject, left for St. Peter on
the early train yesterday morning, to visit
the asylum at that point, and returned by
the evening train.
Messrs. Seymour & Sabin, contractors of
State prison labor, yesterday closed a con
tract with the agent to fix up one of Poor A
Megquier'a Automatic Fire Alarms in the
penitentiary workshops. This apparatus
will give the alarm at any degree of heat
from 65 to 185, and with it in a building,
any extended fire will be almost impossible.
The apparatus will be in place i a about ten I Pnre Old Bye Whisky and Rock Candy at
daye. ff $ ^W%^ *%*y Do .lly'a, No. 10 Waba.liaw,
The first of the series of dramatic read
ings by Gen. S. P. Jennison came off at
Unity Church in this city last evening, and
was listened to by a fair audience. The ex
ercises consisted of extracts from Shak
speare's "As Yon Like It," and were ren
dered in a pleasing and highly acceptable
In place of the regular Friday evening
lecture at the Academy of Science, a free
lecture will be given this evening by Mr.
John 8. Clark, of Boston. The subject will
be Art, Education and its Relations to Aes
thetio Culture and Industrial Arts. The lec
ture will be illustrated, and no doubt it will
be as much appreciated here as it has been
in all the eastern cities in which the learned
gentleman has delivered it. The apprecia
tion and enjoyment of the lecture will not
be the less because it is free.
Masonic Notice.
A regular communication of Ancient Land*
mark Lodge No. 5, A. F. & A. M., will be held
in Masonic Hall on this (Thursday) evening
Jan. 24th, 1878, at 7:30 o'clock.
Work in the Fellow Craft Degree.
Don't forget the great sale of Dry Goods by
tho assignee of Schafer & Korfhage.
^W^P^'i' i^Jsgw&
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